Ito M.,Tenshi Hospital
Epilepsy and Behavior | Year: 2010
Postictal behavioral changes (PBCs), including psychosis, aggression, and mood change, are commonly observed in patients with epilepsy. Recognition and description of the clinical manifestations of PBCs would help in understanding and treating patients. Additionally, various quantified objective scales that are widely available in clinical psychiatry could be used to assess the clinical symptoms of PBCs. There are few reports in which objective rating scales have been used to assess neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients with epilepsy. However, there have been a small number of studies on interictal psychosis and depression in which either the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale or the Hamilton Depression Scale was used. These inventories are likely to be useful for the assessment of PBCs. Other rating scales used for schizophrenia, depression, mania, and aggressive behavior are reviewed here. The author suggests that cross-sectional and longitudinal neuropsychiatric measurement combined with other modalities, including functional neuroimaging, could provide clues to the pathophysiology of PBCs. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
Takahashi T.,Tenshi Hospital
Internal Medicine | Year: 2014
This report describes a patient with autoimmune myelofibrosis accompanied by Sjögren's syndrome (SS). A 36-year-old woman was admitted due to petechiae, purpura, gingival bleeding, dyspnea on exertion, and a lack of concentration. She had pancytopenia and was diagnosed with SS. A bone marrow study showed hypercellular marrow with reticulin fibrosis. Lymphocytic infiltrates and aggregates composed of a mixture of T and B cells in the marrow were also observed. A chromosomal analysis of the marrow cells showed 47, XXX and an analysis of peripheral lymphocytes revealed 47, XXX/46, XX mosaic results. The patient's cytopenia resolved following treatment with oral prednisolone. © 2014 The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine.
Suzuki D.,Sapporo Hokuyu Hospital |
Kobayashi R.,Sapporo Hokuyu Hospital |
Yasuda K.,Sapporo Hokuyu Hospital |
Yamamoto H.,Tenshi Hospital |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology | Year: 2011
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is known as a very rare malignant tumor of the deep dermis and subcutaneous tissue. It typically develops during adolescence and adulthood, with pediatric and infantile cases, particularly congenital ones, being much less frequent. We report a neonate with congenital DFSP. A newborn girl presented with a massive back tumor at birth. The tumor was at first suspected to be infantile fibrosarcoma (IFS) after immunohistochemical analysis of biopsy material, although the results were not fully compatible with IFS. She received chemotherapy under a tentative diagnosis of IFS, but this was unsuccessful. Partial resection was therefore performed at the age of 8 months to reduce the tumor mass and to reexamine its immunohistochemical characteristics. Positive CD34 staining and Collagen α1α/platelet- derived growth factor beta chimera gene signals on analysis of the excised tumor tissues enabled a definitive diagnosis of DFSP. She then underwent local irradiation and was given a daily dose of oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor (imatinib). After almost 1 year, the patient is doing well without enlargement of the residual tumor. © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.
Suzuki S.,Asahikawa University |
Koga M.,Kinki Central Hospital |
Amamiya S.,Sapporo Tokushukai Hospital |
Nakao A.,Red Cross |
And 8 more authors.
Diabetologia | Year: 2011
Aims/hypothesis It is difficult to use HbA1c as an indicator of glycaemic control in patients with neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) because of high levels of fetal haemoglobin (HbF) remaining in the blood. In this study, glycated albumin (GA), which is not affected by HbF, and HbA1c were compared to evaluate whether they reflect glycaemic control in patients with NDM. Methods This study included five patients with NDM. Age at diagnosis was 38±20 days. Insulin therapy was started in all patients, and levels of GA, HbA1c and HbF were measured monthly for 6 months. One-month average preprandial plasma glucose (aPPG) was calculated using self-monitoring of blood glucose. Results Plasma glucose and GA were elevated (29.7± 13.1 mmol/l [n=5] and 33.3±6.9% [n=3], respectively) but HbA1c was within normal limits (5.4±2.6% [35.5± 4.9 mmol/mol]; n=4) at diagnosis. With diabetes treatment, aPPG (r=-0.565, p=0.002), GA (r=-0.552, p=0.003) and HbF (r=-0.855, p<0.0001) decreased with age, whereas HbA1c increased (r=0.449, p=0.004). GA was strongly positively correlated with aPPG (r=0.784, p<0.0001), while HbA1c showed no correlation with aPPG (r=0.221, p=0.257) and was significantly inversely correlated with HbF (r=-0.539, p=0.004). Conclusions/interpretation GA is a useful indicator of glycaemic control in patients with NDM, whereas HbA1c is influenced by age-related changes in HbF and does not accurately reflect glycaemic control. © Springer-Verlag 2011.
Hisanaga T.,Tsukuba Medical Center Hospital |
Shinjo T.,Shakaihoken Kobe Central Hospital |
Morita T.,Seirei Mikatahara General Hospital |
Nakajima N.,Tenshi Hospital |
And 6 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2010
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of octreotide for malignant bowel obstruction in a multicenter study. Methods: Terminally ill patients diagnosed with inoperable malignant bowel obstruction were treated with octreotide 300 μg/day. The primary endpoint was the overall improvement rate of subjective abdominal symptoms. The degrees of nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, distension, anorexia, fatigue, thirst and overall quality of life were evaluated by the self-rating scores selected from the MD Anderson Symptoms Inventory and Kurihara's Face Scale. Results: Forty-nine patients were enrolled in the study, and 46 patients received study treatment, including 17 gastric, 13 colorectal, 7 ovarian and other cancers. The median survival time was 25 days. The number of vomiting episodes significantly correlated with the MD Anderson Symptoms Inventory nausea and vomiting scores (P , 0.001) before octreotide treatment. Of 43 patients evaluable for efficacy, the scores of all the MD Anderson Symptoms Inventory items except abdominal pain and the number of vomiting episodes improved during the first 4 days of octreotide treatment (P< 0.0062). The MD Anderson Symptoms Inventory scores were decreased in 59-72% of patients, and overall quality-of-life scores improved in 56% of patients. No serious adverse events were observed. Conclusions: The high improvement rate in abdominal symptoms suggested the efficacy of octreotide in terminally ill patients with malignant bowel obstruction. © The Author (2010). Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.