Almeida J.S.,Federal University of Ceara |
Almeida J.S.,Telecommunications and Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory LOCEM |
Fernandes T.S.M.,Telecommunications and Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory LOCEM |
Fernandes T.S.M.,Federal University of Ceara |
And 9 more authors.
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics | Year: 2011
In this paper, the structural and dielectric properties of BNO (BiNbO 4) was investigated as a function of the external RF frequency and temperature. The BNO Ceramics, prepared by the conventional mixed oxide method and doped with 3, 5 and 10 wt. % Bi 2O 3-PbO were sintered at 1,025°C for 3 h. The X-ray diffraction patterns of the samples sintered, shown the presence of the triclinic phase (β-BNO). In the measurements obtained at room temperature (25°C) was observed that the largest values of dielectric permittivity (ε ′ r ) at frequency 100 kHz, were for the samples: BNO5Bi (5 wt. % Bi 2O 3) and BNO5Pb (5 wt. % PbO) with values ε ′ r ~ 59.54 and ε ′ r ~ 78.44, respectively. The smaller values of loss tangent (tan δ) were for the samples: BNO5Bi and BNO3Pb (3 wt. % PbO) with values tan δ ~ 5.71 × 10 -4 and tan δ ~ 2.19 × 10 -4, respectively at frequency 33.69 MHz. The analysis as a function of temperature of the dielectric properties of the samples, obtained at frequency 100 kHz, showed that the larger value of the relative dielectric permittivity was about ε ′ r ~ 76.4 at temperature 200°C for BNO5Pb sample, and the value smaller observed of dielectric loss was for BNO3Bi sample at temperature 80°C, with about tan δ ~ 5.4 × 10 -3. The Temperature Coefficient of Capacitance (TCC) values at 1 MHz frequency, present a change of the signal from BNO (-55.06 ppm/°C) to the sample doped of Bi: BNO3Bi (+86.74 ppm/°C) and to the sample doped of Pb: BNO3Pb (+208.87 ppm/°C). One can conclude that starting from the BNO one can increase the doping level of Bi or Pb and find a concentration where one have TCC = 0 ppm/°C, which is important for temperature stable materials applications like high frequency capacitors. The activation energy (H) obtained in the process is approximately 0.55 eV for BNO sample and increase with the doping level. These samples will be studied seeking the development ceramic capacitors for applications in radio frequency devices. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source