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Fontani S.,ASL di Milan | Mercuri I.,ASL di Milan | Salicco R.,ASL di Milan | Veratti S.,Tecnico della Prevenzione | Sorrentino L.,ASL di Milan
Medicina del Lavoro

Background: There are over 400 hotels in Milan with a guest capacity of about 62000 and employing more than 10000 workers. In 2008/09 the Occupational Health and Safety Service of A.S.L. Milano (Local Health Unit) carried out research into the hotel trade to ascertain the development of this commercial sector, also in view of EXPO 2015. Objectives: The aim of the project was to improve hygiene and safety conditions and carry out preventive measures. A specific purpose was to study manual handling of loads and repetitive movements risk. Method: The study covered 30 hotels and 7 temporary staff cooperatives. We acquired the Risk Evaluation Document, the Health Surveillance Programme and Registers of Labour Accidents to analyze manual handling of loads and repetitive movements. In the investigations and assessments on hotels we used currently available scientific tools - NIOSH Lifting Index, Push and Pulling Analysis, O.C.R.A. Check-List - to study risks related to handling loads and upper limb mechanical overload, which revealed a specific occupational risk that requires afresh approach to prevention and safety in the entire sector. Results: Chambermaid: LI (Range): 0.57-2.75; Push and Pulling Actions: Fi 0.66-Fm 1.5 and Fi 0.76-Fm 1.33 respectively; O.C.R.A. Check-List: 21. Porter: LI (Range): 0.773.75. Maintenance staff: LI (Range): 0.57-2.75. Conclusions: The study highlighted the presence of risk due to manual handling of loads and repetitive movements in porters, maintenance personnel and particularly in chambermaids that up to now have been poorly assessed by safety experts. Analysis of the information contained in the registers of labour accidents suggests that a significant number of accidents can be related to muscular-skeletal disorders that affect especially cleaning, portering and kitchen staff. Source

Stocchi M.,University of Chieti Pescara | Giobbe T.,Psicologa | Boscolo P.,University of Chieti Pescara | Di Giampaolo P.,Tecnico della Prevenzione | Di Giampaolo L.,University of Chieti Pescara
Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro ed Ergonomia

The organizational comfort has been defined as the relationship between people and work environment. The supervisor's functions imply organizing and relation competences, listening and observation, communication and negotiation. Unfortunately, the reality is quite different: there are often situations of communication disorder between the supervisor and the worker, where the first, unaware of his role and responsability, doesn't understand the worker's needs, doesn't comunicate rightly the risk, doesn't develope any emphatic attitude and organize work without thinking to individual inclinations and limitations. The worker perceives this situation as increasing sensation of tiredness and working stress. The workers, often involved in this organization, have to ask overtime medical examinations to obtain some limitations. Observing this big increase of limitations in some firms with working people relatively young, we have decided to elaborate an experimental project involving both the occupational doctor and the psychologist. We analized the relations between the supervisor and the worker, with the aim to increase organizational comfort, through the diffusion of anonymous questionnaires or training courses about behaviour analyses and communication strategies, verifying any possible modifications of the organization after our intervention. © PI-ME, Pavia 2010. Source

In light of changing health needs, it has become a necessity to modify the instruments used in prevention, and this is thanks also to all the new preventive health professions that have been added to the existing ones. This presentation describes the results of the activities of prevention and control of occupational injuries, environmental hygiene and food and nutrition security in the Lombardy Region. Source

Russo M.,Tecnico della Prevenzione | Soardo V.,SIAN
Progress in Nutrition

The nickel is a naturally occurring element that may exist in various mineral forms in water, soil and foods. It is micro-nourishing at low concentration (μg/day) but large doses may be toxic when taken orally. Also inhalation exposure in occupational setting will cause toxic effect. Nickel- induced contact dermatitis is well documented for humans. In this article it is summarized the toxicity profile of the nickel. Source

Griglio B.,ASL TO5 | Nucera D.,University of Turin | Vergano F.,Tecnico della Prevenzione | Grassi M.A.,University of Turin
Italian Journal of Food Safety

This study was aimed at investigating the knowledge of pregnant women on food safety with particular attention to the effectiveness of the informative material (pamphlet and poster) prepared in a previous study. To this scope, a questionnaire composed by 8 questions (Likert scaled) was used except for one which was a Y/N question. Themes of the questionnaire were: level of concerns on food safety, and knowledge on foodborne diseases (salomonellosis, toxoplasmosis and listeriosis), risk factors and preventive measures. Results indicate that knowledge increased in respect to that of the previous study, but in relation to informative material previously distributed. © B. Griglio et al. Source

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