Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: KBBE-2008-1-2-03 | Award Amount: 3.87M | Year: 2009
The escape of fish from sea-cage aquaculture is perceived as a serious threat to natural biodiversity in Europes marine waters. Escaped fish may cause undesirable genetic effects in native populations through interbreeding, and ecological effects through predation, competition and the transfer of diseases to wild fish. Technical and operational failures of fish farming technology cause escapes. Cages break down in storms, wear and tear of the netting causes holes, and operational accidents lead to spills of fish. Sea-cage equipment is marketed and used across Europe, thus knowledge relevant to the culture of numerous species in diverse environments is required to produce robust equipment and implement risk adverse operations. The Prevent Escape project will conduct and integrate biological and technological research on a pan-European scale to improve recommendations and guidelines for aquaculture technologies and operational strategies that reduce escape events. Through research focused on sea-cages and their immediate surrounds, we will assess technical and operational causes of escape incidents, assess the extent of escapes of reproductive gametes and fish, determine the inherent behaviours that pre-dispose certain species of fish towards a higher probability of escaping, and document the dispersal of escapees to develop and test recapture strategies. Information from these components of the project will feed into research specifically aimed at benchmarking the performance of equipment under farming conditions and thereby improving operations and equipment production, and advancing national and international standards for the design, construction and use of aquaculture equipment. These key pieces of information, when added to existing knowledge, will allow determination of practical, implementable measures to prevent escapes and mitigate the effects of escapees. If prevention and mitigation are more successful, genetic and ecological impacts should diminish.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.2.2 | Award Amount: 25.84M | Year: 2009
The European robotics industry plays a key role in maintaining our continents industrial base. The robotics industry is strong, but fragmented and dispersed. In the future, cutting-edge technology resulting from top-level research will be the decisive factor for success. Europe not only has a powerful robotics industry, but can also boast superb research. By drawing on these resources, ECHORD aims at producing new knowledge through advancing the state of the art in selected research foci and developing novel technology from which new products can be derived. Within ECHORD, opportunities for knowledge advancement and technology transfer between academia and industry will be created across the whole continent. This will be achieved through the solicitation of focused, small-size RTD projects, so-called experiments, which can be rapidly negotiated, funded and executed. Via these experiments, ECHORD will bring about a large-scale introduction of robotic equipment into research institutions. This is expected to result in both tangible and measurable out-comes in terms of the accelerated development of technologies, as well as the deployment of robotics technology into new scenarios for the direct application of research results. For ECHORD, three such scenarios have been defined: human-robot co-working, hyper flexible cells, and cognitive factories. The foremost purpose of the scenarios is to define an environment that is both scientifically challenging to research institutions and commercially relevant to robot manufacturers.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: GC-SST.2010.7-5. | Award Amount: 2.94M | Year: 2011
The automotive industry has not yet decided which the optimum architecture solution for electric vehicles is; this and the fact that requirements and constraints deriving from an electrical powertrain are much less stringent in several areas make necessary to study new solutions specifically designed for the particularities of electric vehicles. Therefore E-LIGHT proposal aims at exploring all the aspects and requirements for optimal electric vehicle architectures. These particularities will be studied in E-Light project, focussing on: Modularity of components Ergonomic designs Innovative safety concepts Better aerodynamic performance and lesser weight which will decrease the overall power consumption and consequently will increase the range. The main objective of E-Light project is to develop an innovative multi-material modular architecture specifically designed for electric vehicles, achieving optimal light weight and crashworthy performances while ensuring ergonomic on board. In order to achieve this objective, the following scientific and technical objectives have been defined Identification of architectural requirements for future EV, focussing on lightweight for different battery and electric motor configurations (front or rear stand alone, wheel in hub). Identification of optimal multi-materials solution to become part of the EV architectures. The optimal geometries and designs for the EV architectures, taking into account previously studied architectural requirements and materials. Definition of design methodology and testing procedures in order to develop general design guidelines and testing procedures towards more sustainable, lightweight, modular concepts of the design process.
News Article | March 2, 2017
Tecnalia has a large network of accredited laboratories and qualified staff with extensive experience in the field of testing and characterization of materials and parts. This capacity and knowledge allows Tecnalia to offer a wide range of services (testing, assessment, diagnosis, consulting...) in the different areas related to material and parts properties (mechanical, chemical, etc.). Our laboratories are accredited according to national and international quality standards and feature multiple authorisations. In the execution of this contract, Tecnalia will work with other laboratories for some specific tests, and we should highlight the collaboration with SCI, S.A. which will be responsible for conducting non-destructive tests (NDT). ITER is a first-of-a-kind global collaboration. It will be the world's largest experimental fusion facility and is designed to demonstrate the scientific and technological feasibility of fusion power. It is expected to produce a significant amount of fusion power (500 MW) for about seven minutes. Fusion is the process which powers the sun and the stars. When light atomic nuclei fuse together form heavier ones, a large amount of energy is released. Fusion research is aimed at developing a safe, limitless and environmentally responsible energy source. Europe will contribute almost half of the costs of its construction, while the other six parties to this joint international venture (China, Japan, India, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation and the USA), will contribute equally to the rest. The components that make up ITER are being manufactured by each of the participating parties and contributed in kind through so-called Domestic Agencies including Fusion for Energy (F4E) as the European Agency. The site of the ITER project is in Cadarache, in the South of France. In many cases the engineering and technologies required to manufacture these components are very advanced. On the other hand, the performance of materials is crucial for the operation of fusion reactors, so their quality needs to be assured with high certitude. Material characterizations and non-destructive testing are needed in order to support the construction and development of components and materials for ITER and other fusion related facilities under the responsibility of F4E. The contract concerns the materials at room and elevated temperatures, which are present in particular in the vacuum vessel and in-vessel components operating normally between RT and 200 ºC, but higher peak temperatures are also expected during the operation of ITER.
French National Center for Scientific Research and Tecnalia | Date: 2012-08-08
A method of controlling a machine with redundant parallel actuation includes a frame and a mobile element driven by a plurality of mechanical transmissions parallel to one another and each being activated by an actuator (2) including a body fixed to the frame, an actuating member and a position sensor, in which an error signal is produced by comparing the position of each actuator with a setpoint signal, characterized in that the error signals are converted into a mobile element position error signal by applying data representative of the kinematics of the mechanical transmissions, the mobile element error signal is processed by a processing module which produces an effort signal to be applied to the mobile element, the effort signal is converted into signals controlling the actuators by applying data representative of the kinematics of the mechanical transmissions.
French National Center for Scientific Research and Tecnalia | Date: 2010-10-18
A manipulator including a mobile plate for carrying an end-effector, connected to a plurality of legs, each of which has a distal end connected to the mobile plate and a proximal end connected to a supporting object by a clamping device, a plurality of distal links, a plurality of intermediate links and a plurality of proximal links, an actuator connected between each pair of longitudinally adjacent intermediate links, the distal links, connecting the intermediate links with the mobile plate by a system of distal revolute joints including a distal lockable joint, and the proximal links, connecting the intermediate links with a system of proximal joints having lockable proximal joints, where the manipulator is able to achieve manipulation, self-reconfiguration and locomotion movements without needing actuators directly acting on each joint.