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Yongin si, South Korea

Park S.-H.,Kyung Hee University | Lee S.-J.,Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology | Lee J.H.,Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology | Kal J.,Future Technology Research Group | And 2 more authors.
Organic Electronics: physics, materials, applications

We fabricated solution-processed flexible inverted organic solar cell (IOSC) modules (10 cm × 10 cm) on roll-to-roll (RTR) sputtered ITO/Ag/ITO multilayer cathodes. By using a pilot-scale RTR sputtering system equipped with mid-range frequency power for dual ITO targets and direct current power for the Ag target, we were able to continuously deposit a high-quality ITO/Ag/ITO multilayer on PET substrate with a width of 700 mm and length of 20,000 mm as a function of Ag thickness. At the Ag thickness of 12 nm, the ITO/Ag/ITO multilayer had a very low sheet resistance of 3.03 Ohm/square and high transmittance of 88.17%, which are better values than those of amorphous ITO film. A strip-type ITO/Ag/ITO cathode was successfully patterned using a RTR wet etching process. Successful operation of flexible IOSC modules on RTR sputtered ITO/Ag/ITO cathodes indicate that the RTR sputtering technique is a promising coating process for fabrication of high-quality transparent and flexible cathodes and can advance the commercialization of cost-efficient flexible IOSCs. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Kim H.-J.,Kyung Hee University | Lee H.H.,Pohang Accelerator Laboratory | Kal J.,Future Technology Research Group | Hahn J.,Future Technology Research Group | Kim H.-K.,Kyung Hee University
AIP Advances

The characteristics of transparent ITO/Ag-Pd-Cu (APC)/ITO multilayer cathodes were investigated for use in inverted organic solar cells (IOSCs). The insertion of an APC interlayer into the ITO film effectively led to crystallization of the top ITO layer, unlike that in the Ag interlayer, and resulted in a low sheet resistance of 6.55 Ohm/square and a high optical transmittance of 84.14% without post annealing. In addition, the alloying of the Pd and Cu elements into Ag prevented agglomeration and oxidization of the metal interlayer and led to more stable ITO/APC/ITO films under ambient conditions. The microstructure and interfacial structure of the transparent ITO/APC/ITO cathode in the IOSCs were examined in detail by synchrotron X-ray scattering and high resolution transmission electron microscopy. Furthermore, we suggested a possible mechanism to explain the lower PCE of the IOSCs with an ITO/APC/ITO cathode than that of a reference IOSC with a crystalline ITO cathode using the external quantum efficiency of the IOSCs. © 2015 Author(s). Source

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