Technology Research Association of Highly Efficient Gene Design TRAHED

Chūō-ku, Japan

Technology Research Association of Highly Efficient Gene Design TRAHED

Chūō-ku, Japan
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Matsui M.,Astellas Pharma Inc. | Matsui M.,Technology Research Association of Highly Efficient Gene Design TRAHED | Yokoyama T.,Astellas Pharma Inc. | Yokoyama T.,Technology Research Association of Highly Efficient Gene Design TRAHED | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering | Year: 2017

FR901469 is a secondary metabolite with antifungal activity, produced by fungal sp. No. 11243. In our previous study, we constructed the frbF overexpression mutant (TFH2-2) from the wild-type strain. FR901469 productivity of TFH2-2 was 3.4 times higher than that of the wild-type strain. To further enhance FR901469 productivity in TFH2-2, we attempted to find genes from the genome that limited the productivity as bottlenecks in this study. Based on both correlation analysis of gene expression level against FR901469 productivity and genome annotation information, the cross-pathway control gene A (cpcA) was most predicted as the bottleneck. The cpcA and frbF co-overexpression mutant named TFCH3 was then constructed from TFH2-2. As a result, FR901469 productivity of TFCH3 was enhanced at 1.8 times higher than that of TFH2-2. Transcriptome analysis revealed that many genes involved in amino acid biosynthesis and encoding tRNA ligases were significantly upregulated in TFCH3, which implied increase of amino acids as the substrates of FR901469 would be a reason of further productivity enhancement. © 2017 The Society for Biotechnology, Japan.


Matsui M.,Astellas Pharma Inc. | Matsui M.,Technology Research Association of Highly Efficient Gene Design TRAHED | Yokoyama T.,Astellas Pharma Inc. | Yokoyama T.,Technology Research Association of Highly Efficient Gene Design TRAHED | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering | Year: 2017

FR901469 is an antifungal antibiotic produced by fungal sp. No. 11243. Here, we searched for FR901469 biosynthesis genes in the genome of No. 11243. Based on the molecular structure of FR901469 and endogenous functional motifs predicted in each genomic NRPS gene, a putative FR901469 biosynthesis gene cluster harboring the most plausible NRPS gene was identified. A transcription factor gene, designated frbF, was found in the cluster. To improve FR901469 productivity, we constructed a strain in which frbF was overexpressed and named it TFH2-2. FR901469 productivity of TFH2-2 was 3.4 times higher than that of the wild-type strain. Transcriptome analysis revealed that most of the genes in the putative FR901469 biosynthesis gene cluster were upregulated in TFH2-2. It also showed that the expression of genes related to ergosterol biosynthesis, β-1,3-glucan catabolism, and chitin synthesis was inclined to exhibit significant differences in TFH2-2. © 2016 The Society for Biotechnology, Japan


Nambu-Nishida Y.,Technology Research Association of Highly Efficient Gene Design TRAHED | Nambu-Nishida Y.,Kobe University | Sakihama Y.,Kobe University | Ishii J.,Kobe University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering | Year: 2017

To efficiently utilize xylose, a major sugar component of hemicelluloses, in Saccharomyces cerevisiae requires the proper expression of varied exogenous and endogenous genes. To expand the repertoire of promoters in engineered xylose-utilizing yeast strains, we selected promoters in S. cerevisiae during cultivation and fermentation using xylose as a carbon source. To select candidate promoters that function in the presence of xylose, we performed comprehensive gene expression analyses using xylose-utilizing yeast strains both during xylose and glucose fermentation. Based on microarray data, we chose 29 genes that showed strong, moderate, and weak expression in xylose rather than glucose fermentation. The activities of these promoters in a xylose-utilizing yeast strain were measured by lacZ reporter gene assays over time during aerobic cultivation and microaerobic fermentation, both in xylose and glucose media. In xylose media, PTDH3, PFBA1, and PTDH1 were favorable for high expression, and PSED1, PHXT7, PPDC1, PTEF1, PTPI1, and PPGK1 were acceptable for medium-high expression in aerobic cultivation, and moderate expression in microaerobic fermentation. PTEF2 allowed moderate expression in aerobic culture and weak expression in microaerobic fermentation, although it showed medium-high expression in glucose media. PZWF1 and PSOL4 allowed moderate expression in aerobic cultivation, while showing weak but clear expression in microaerobic fermentation. PALD3 and PTKL2 showed moderate promoter activity in aerobic cultivation, but showed almost no activity in microaerobic fermentation. The knowledge of promoter activities in xylose cultivation obtained in this study will permit the control of gene expression in engineered xylose-utilizing yeast strains that are used for hemicellulose fermentation. © 2017 The Society for Biotechnology, Japan.


Itoh H.,Astellas Pharma Inc. | Itoh H.,Technology Research Association of Highly Efficient Gene Design TRAHED | Matsui M.,Astellas Pharma Inc. | Matsui M.,Technology Research Association of Highly Efficient Gene Design TRAHED | And 8 more authors.
Genome Announcements | Year: 2017

Fungal strain 14919 was originally isolated from a soil sample collected at Mt. Kiyosumi, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. It produces FR901512, a potent and strong 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor. The genome sequence of fungal strain 14919 was determined and annotated to improve the productivity of FR901512. © 2017 Itoh et al.


PubMed | Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Efficient Technology, Inc., Astellas Pharma Inc. and Technology Research Association of Highly Efficient Gene Design TRAHED
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of bioscience and bioengineering | Year: 2016

FR901469 is an antifungal antibiotic produced by fungal sp. No. 11243. Here, we searched for FR901469 biosynthesis genes in the genome of No. 11243. Based on the molecular structure of FR901469 and endogenous functional motifs predicted in each genomic NRPS gene, a putative FR901469 biosynthesis gene cluster harboring the most plausible NRPS gene was identified. A transcription factor gene, designated frbF, was found in the cluster. To improve FR901469 productivity, we constructed a strain in which frbF was overexpressed and named it TFH2-2. FR901469 productivity of TFH2-2 was 3.4 times higher than that of the wild-type strain. Transcriptome analysis revealed that most of the genes in the putative FR901469 biosynthesis gene cluster were upregulated in TFH2-2. It also showed that the expression of genes related to ergosterol biosynthesis, -1,3-glucan catabolism, and chitin synthesis was inclined to exhibit significant differences in TFH2-2.


Tsuge Y.,Kobe University | Hori Y.,Technology Research Association of Highly Efficient Gene Design TRAHED | Kudou M.,Kobe University | Ishii J.,Kobe University | And 3 more authors.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2014

The toxic fermentation inhibitors in lignocellulosic hydrolysates raise serious problems for the microbial production of fuels and chemicals. Furfural is considered to be one of the most toxic compounds among these inhibitors. Here, we describe the detoxification of furfural in Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC13032 under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Under aerobic culture conditions, furfuryl alcohol and 2-furoic acid were produced as detoxification products of furfural. The ratio of the products varied depending on the initial furfural concentration. Neither furfuryl alcohol nor 2-furoic acid showed any toxic effect on cell growth, and both compounds were determined to be the end products of furfural degradation. Interestingly, unlike under aerobic conditions, most of the furfural was converted to furfuryl alcohol under anaerobic conditions, without affecting the glucose consumption rate. Both the NADH/NAD+ and NADPH/NADP+ ratio decreased in the accordance with furfural concentration under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. These results indicate the presence of a single or multiple endogenous enzymes with broad and high affinity for furfural and co-factors in C. glutamicum ATCC13032. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


PubMed | Technology Research Association of Highly Efficient Gene Design TRAHED
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Genome announcements | Year: 2015

Fungal species No.11243 was originally isolated from a decayed leaf sample collected in Kyoto, Japan. It produces FR901469, a 1,3-beta-glucan synthase inhibitor. The genome sequence of No.11243 was determined and annotated to obtain useful information for improving productivity of the effective antifungal agent FR901469.

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