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PubMed | Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Efficient Technology, Inc., Astellas Pharma Inc. and Technology Research Association of Highly Efficient Gene Design TRAHED
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of bioscience and bioengineering | Year: 2016

FR901469 is an antifungal antibiotic produced by fungal sp. No. 11243. Here, we searched for FR901469 biosynthesis genes in the genome of No. 11243. Based on the molecular structure of FR901469 and endogenous functional motifs predicted in each genomic NRPS gene, a putative FR901469 biosynthesis gene cluster harboring the most plausible NRPS gene was identified. A transcription factor gene, designated frbF, was found in the cluster. To improve FR901469 productivity, we constructed a strain in which frbF was overexpressed and named it TFH2-2. FR901469 productivity of TFH2-2 was 3.4 times higher than that of the wild-type strain. Transcriptome analysis revealed that most of the genes in the putative FR901469 biosynthesis gene cluster were upregulated in TFH2-2. It also showed that the expression of genes related to ergosterol biosynthesis, -1,3-glucan catabolism, and chitin synthesis was inclined to exhibit significant differences in TFH2-2.


Tsuge Y.,Kobe University | Hori Y.,Technology Research Association of Highly Efficient Gene Design TRAHED | Kudou M.,Kobe University | Ishii J.,Kobe University | And 3 more authors.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2014

The toxic fermentation inhibitors in lignocellulosic hydrolysates raise serious problems for the microbial production of fuels and chemicals. Furfural is considered to be one of the most toxic compounds among these inhibitors. Here, we describe the detoxification of furfural in Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC13032 under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Under aerobic culture conditions, furfuryl alcohol and 2-furoic acid were produced as detoxification products of furfural. The ratio of the products varied depending on the initial furfural concentration. Neither furfuryl alcohol nor 2-furoic acid showed any toxic effect on cell growth, and both compounds were determined to be the end products of furfural degradation. Interestingly, unlike under aerobic conditions, most of the furfural was converted to furfuryl alcohol under anaerobic conditions, without affecting the glucose consumption rate. Both the NADH/NAD+ and NADPH/NADP+ ratio decreased in the accordance with furfural concentration under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. These results indicate the presence of a single or multiple endogenous enzymes with broad and high affinity for furfural and co-factors in C. glutamicum ATCC13032. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


PubMed | Technology Research Association of Highly Efficient Gene Design TRAHED
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Genome announcements | Year: 2015

Fungal species No.11243 was originally isolated from a decayed leaf sample collected in Kyoto, Japan. It produces FR901469, a 1,3-beta-glucan synthase inhibitor. The genome sequence of No.11243 was determined and annotated to obtain useful information for improving productivity of the effective antifungal agent FR901469.

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