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Calugaru I.L.,Technology Center for Industrial Waste Center Technologique des Residus Industriels | Calugaru I.L.,University of Quebec at Abitibi - Temiscamingue | Neculita C.M.,University of Quebec at Abitibi - Temiscamingue | Genty T.,Technology Center for Industrial Waste Center Technologique des Residus Industriels | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Hazardous Materials | Year: 2016

Intensive research is ongoing for developing low-cost and highly efficient materials in metal removal from contaminated effluents. The present study evaluated dolomite [CaMg(CO3)2], both raw and modified by thermal activation (charring), for Ni and Zn treatment in contaminated neutral drainage (CND). Batch adsorption testing (equilibrium and kinetics) were conducted at pH 6, to evaluate the performance of initial vs. modified dolomite, and to assess potential mechanisms of metal removal. Charring of dolomite led to a rigid and porous material, mainly consisting of CaCO3 and MgO, which showed a sorption capacity increased sevenfold for Zn and doubled for Ni, relative to the raw material. In addition, Freundlich model best described the sorption of the both metals by dolomite, whereas the Langmuir model best described their sorption on charred dolomite. Plausible mechanisms of metal removal include cation exchange, surface precipitation and sorption processes, with carbonate ions and magnesium oxides acting as active centers. Based on these results, charred dolomite seems a promising option for the efficient treatment of Ni and Zn in CND. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. Source

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