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Hernandez D.E.,Research Center Cientifica Estudios Superiores Of Ensenada | Clemente E.,Research Center Cientifica Estudios Superiores Of Ensenada | Clemente E.,Technological Educational Institute of Mexico | Olague G.,Research Center Cientifica Estudios Superiores Of Ensenada | Briseno J.L.,Research Center Cientifica Estudios Superiores Of Ensenada
Journal of Computational Science | Year: 2015

In recent years computer vision systems have used the human visual system as inspiration for solving different tasks such as object detection and classification. Computational models as the artificial visual cortex (AVC) have shown promising results in solving such problems. Thus, this paper proposes a new methodology for creating an image descriptor vector for classification, and at the same time, finding the objects' location within the image. Also, this work implements the brain programming paradigm from a multi-objective perspective in order to improve the performance in the object classification task. This methodology is implemented for training the proposed model in order to classify the images from the GRAZ-01 and GRAZ-02 databases. The solutions found in this research match, and in some cases outperform, other techniques of the state-of-the-art for classifying the aforementioned databases. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.


Guillen P.F.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Vazquez R.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Miranda L.F.,University of Vigo | Zavala S.,Technological Educational Institute of Mexico | And 4 more authors.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society | Year: 2013

We present narrow-band [O III]λ5007 and Hα images, as well as long-slit high-resolution echelle spectra of the planetary nebula NGC 6058. Our data reveal that NGC 6058 is a multipolar planetary nebula of ~45 arcsec in extent that is formed by four bipolar outflows oriented at different position angles. Assuming homologous expansion for all the structures, and a distance of 3.5 kpc, we obtain polar velocities of ~68 km s-1 for three of them. The estimated kinematical ages suggest that the three oldest outflows were ejected at intervals of ~1100 and ~400 yr, during which the ejection axis changed its orientation by ~60° and~40°, respectively. Although an inner ring-like structure is suggested by the direct images, the kinematics shows that no equatorial ring or toroid exists in the nebula. On the contrary, the long-slit spectra reveal that the ring-like structure corresponds to a fourth outflow that is oriented almost perpendicular to the other three. This fourth outflow is the youngest one and appears to be interacting with the other three, creating aprotruding zone that sweeps material in a region almost perpendicular to the major axes of the oldest outflows. This structure also presents two bright arcuate regions along the direction of the older outflows, and on opposite sides of the central star. From our model, we suggest thatNGC6058 could be at an intermediate evolutionary stage between starfish planetary nebulae and multipolar planetary nebula with apparent equatorial lobes. © 2013 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.


Contreras M.E.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Vazquez R.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Miranda L.F.,Institute Astrofisica Of Andalucia | Miranda L.F.,University of Vigo | And 3 more authors.
Astronomical Journal | Year: 2010

We present an observational study of the planetary nebula (PN) NGC7354 consisting of narrowband Hα and [N II]λ6584 imaging as well as low- and high-dispersion long-slit spectroscopy, and VLA-D radio continuum. According to our imaging and spectroscopic data, NGC7354 has four main structures: a quite round outer shell and an elliptical inner shell, a collection of low-excitation bright knots roughly concentrated on the equatorial region of the nebula, and two asymmetrical jet-like features, not aligned either with the shells' axes, or with each other. We have obtained physical parameters like electron temperature and electron density as well as ionic and elemental abundances for these different structures. Electron temperature and electron density slightly vary throughout the nebula going from ≃11, 000 to ≃14, 000 K, and from ≃1000 to ≃ 3000 cm-3, respectively. The local extinction coefficient c Hβ shows an increasing gradient from south to north and a decreasing gradient from east to west consistent with the number of equatorial bright knots present in each direction. Abundance values show slight internal variations but most of them are within the estimated uncertainties. In general, abundance values are in good agreement with the ones expected for PNe. Radio continuum data are consistent with optically thin thermal emission. Mean physical parameters derived from the radio emission are electron density ne = 710 cm-3 and M(H II) = 0.22 M1. We have used the interactive three-dimensional modeling tool SHAPE to reproduce the observed morphokinematic structures in NGC7354 with different geometrical components. Our observations and model show evidence that the outer shell is moving faster (≃35 km s-1) than the inner one (≃ 30 km s-1). Our SHAPE model includes several small spheres placed on the outer shell wall to reproduce equatorial bright knots. Observed and modeled velocity for these spheres lies between the inner and outer shells velocity values. The two jet-like features were modeled as two thin cylinders moving at a radial velocity of ≃60kms-1. In general, our SHAPE model is in very good agreement with our imaging and spectroscopic observations. Finally, after modeling NGC7354 with SHAPE, we suggest a possible scenario for the formation of the nebula. © 2010 The American Astronomical Society.


PubMed | Benaki Phytopathological Institute, University of Padua, Technological Educational Institute of Mexico and Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zootaxa | Year: 2015

This paper presents an updated checklist of the Greek scale insect fauna and the results of the first zoogeographic analysis of the Greek scale insect fauna. According to the latest data, the scale insect fauna of the whole Greek territory includes 207 species; of which 187 species are recorded from mainland Greece and the minor islands, whereas only 87 species are known from Crete. The most rich families are the Diaspididae (with 86 species), followed by Coccidae (with 35 species) and Pseudococcidae (with 34 species). In this study the results of a zoogeographic analysis of scale insect fauna from mainland Greece and Crete are also presented. Five species, four from mainland Greece and one from Crete are considered to be endemic. Comparison with the scale insect fauna of other countries is provided.


Ramirez-Fernandez C.,Autonomous University of Baja California | Ramirez-Fernandez C.,Technological Educational Institute of Mexico | Garcia-Canseco E.,Autonomous University of Baja California | Moran A.L.,Autonomous University of Baja California | Gomez-Montalvo J.R.,Autonomous University of Yucatán
ACM International Conference Proceeding Series | Year: 2015

Today, the development of virtual reality (VR) applications for upper limb motor rehabilitation is still a dificult and time-consuming task. It requires developers to be skilled in motor rehabilitation, interaction devices, and stroke sur- vivor characteristics, among others, to be able to develop a virtual environment (VE). In the literature there are several recommendations to aid in the design of VEs. However, to integrate the recommendations it is necessary to understand key domain concepts in motor rehabilitation. In this paper, we introduce VEULMoR, an ontology-based approach for designing VEs for Upper Limb Motor Rehabilitation. This approach uses the domain expertise coded into the ontology to shorten and facilitate the design of a VE. The information contained in the ontology can be used to denote the design factors that integrate the VE. © 2015 ACM.


Badilla G.L.,Mexicali Institute of Technology | GomeZ M.M.A.,Mexicali Institute of Technology | Samaniego E.R.,Technological Educational Institute of Mexico
Materials Performance | Year: 2015

The importance of boilers and related piping as a cost effective energy source that replaces the expensive electrical energy in the Mexicali region was studied. The evaluation consisted of two steps, analyzing the PPO in the interior side of the pipelines and proposing primary solutions to reduce corrosion, and suggesting secondary alternatives to avoid future corrosion. The evaluation was conducted over two years. Specimens of SS and CS, measuring 30 by 10 by 5 mm, matched the pipeline materials. Mass loss was monitored after 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months to track the development of corrosion products, and these data were correlated with the levels of RH and temperature during the corresponding seasons. After exposure of the metallic probes, a microanalysis with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) identified the composition of the corrosion products and the principal corroded metallic surfaces. The correlation analysis ranged from 20% RH and 20 °C to 75% RH and 40°C with good correlation to the CR. In these ranges, it was observed that the maximum and minimum levels showed good correlation between the three variables in the evaluation. These values included high temperatures that did not permit the accumulation of water on the metal surfaces, resulting in low time of wetness and minor localized pitting corrosion.


Ocampo C.S.,Universidad Politécnica de Ingeniería | Lopez Badilla G.,Universidad Politécnica de Ingeniería | Romero Samaniego E.,Technological Educational Institute of Mexico | Toledo Perea S.L.,Technological Educational Institute of Mexico | Campos Garcia J.,Technological Educational Institute of Mexico
Journal of Spectroscopy | Year: 2015

The food industry of meat and poultry food is very important activity in the economy of the northwest of Mexico where the Sonora state (with Hermosillo and Santa Ana cities as arid and semiarid zones and Guaymas as marine regions) and Baja California state (Mexicali as arid zone and Tijuana as marine region) are located. The meat and poultry industries produce meat, milk, and eggs, which are recommended for their nutritive properties. An evaluation of micro- and nanocorrosion was made with an optical sensor used to detect microorganisms (MO) inside of the steel cans. The techniques applied to evaluate the deterioration were the Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and the Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES), to obtain the morphology of microorganisms formed in the internal area of the metallic containers. Also the chemical composition to identify and determine the conditions for growth of microorganisms was obtained with respect to moisture and temperature in each region analyzed. The sulfur was the principal pollutant agent in arid and semiarid zones and chloride in marine zones that promoted the corrosion process. The presence of corrosion in the food industry decreases their competitiveness. © 2015 César Sánchez Ocampo et al.


Badilla G.L.,Mexicali Institute of Technology | Acosta Gomez M.M.,Mexicali Institute of Technology | Samaniego E.R.,Technological Educational Institute of Mexico | Luz S.,Mexicali Institute of Technology | Perea T.,Technological Educational Institute of Mexico
IFAC Proceedings Volumes (IFAC-PapersOnline) | Year: 2013

Copper sulfides formed in micro electrical connections are very observed frequently in manufacturing areas of the electronics industry in arid and marine environments as whiskers or dendrites This is generated by drastic variations of relative humidity (RH) and temperature levels in indoor of these industrial plants, which originates the corrosion phenomena and the deterioration and deformation of electrical ways where are conducted the electrical current of Micro Electromechanical Systems (MEMS) MEMS are fabricated in isolated and clean rooms of the electronics industry where are strict rules with specific for the control of microclimates to avoid the corrosion process In these rooms are filters with high control to detect diminutive and finite particles and gases which promotes the electrochemical process This added to the severe changes in some periods of the year, of humidity and temperature in outdoor of companies, affect the microclimates of the clean rooms, originating the condensation, which generates the visible or invisible thin films in the copper surfaces of micro electrical connections of MEMS and causing the corrosion For this reason a study of characterization of sulfur compounds was made to identify the type of corrosion process generated with the climatic factors mentioned, and with the concentration levels of sulfurs that penetrate by holes and air condition systems principally to indoor of the electronics industry This research shows results of the uniform corrosion in marine zones as in the cities of Tijuana and Ensenada and the pitting corrosion in arid environments as the Mexicali city from 2010 to 2011 The technique used to analyze the copper sulfides as corrosion products was the Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) with information organized in graphs and tables and also a MatLab simulation was made to determine in a short future the corrosion rate of this electrochemical phenomenon to measure the grade of deterioration of the MEMS connections and have the precaution necessary to prevent the corrosion process Copyright © 2013 IFAC.


Badilla G.L.,Mexicali Institute of Technology | Gomez M.M.A.,Mexicali Institute of Technology | Samaniego E.R.,Technological Educational Institute of Mexico | Perea S.L.T.,Technological Educational Institute of Mexico | And 4 more authors.
Materials Performance | Year: 2013

An analysis was made of corrosion deterioration in metallic components of computer systems used in industrial plants in the marine environment of northwest Mexico. Te cause was found to be high temperature and relative humidity in the non-climatecontrolled environment within the plants. Tis article presents the analysis and recommends procedures for corrosion control.

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