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Dagklis T.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Kouvelas D.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Kallaras K.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Papazisis G.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | And 4 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics and Gynecology | Year: 2015

Purpose: To investigate whether leptin acts directly on the anterior hypophysis by influencing gonadotropin secretion in vivo. Materials and Methods: Cycling female rats were catheterised for frequent blood sampling and were either fasted or allowed free access to food. Stereotactic lesion of the medial preoptic area (MPOA) of the hypothalamus was performed in order to eliminate gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) production. Leptin was administered at a dose of one mg/kg i.v. and blood samples were taken just before leptin administration and then after 30, 60, 90,120, and 180 minutes. Plasma gonadotropin levels were determined. With completion of sampling, the brains were removed and the localisation of the lesions was verified histologically. Results: Leptin at one mg/kg induced an increase in luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion in fasting rats, both in those with a lesion and those with intact medial preoptic area with a peak occurring 90 minutes after infusion. The augmenting effect was more prominent when the hypothalamus was intact. There was no effect in fed animals with or without lesion. Similarly, no effect was observed on follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels in any of the experimental groups. Conclusions: Leptin acts directly on the hypophysis enhancing LH but not FSH secretion. Nutritional state influences leptin's effect on the hypothalamus and the hypophysis. Source

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