The Technical University of Madrid or sometimes called Polytechnic University of Madrid is a Spanish University, located in Madrid. It was founded in 1971 as the result of merging different Technical Schools of Engineering and Architecture, originated mainly in the 18th century. Over 35,000 students attend classes during the year.According to the annual university ranking conducted by El Mundo, the Technical University of Madrid ranks as the top technical university in Spain, and second overall. The majority of its Engineering Schools are consistently ranked as leading academic institutions in Spain in their fields, and among the very best in Europe.The UPM is part of the TIME network, which groups fifty engineering schools throughout Europe. Wikipedia.
Toro M.A.,Technical University of Madrid |
Garcia-Cortes L.A.,Instituto Nacional Of Investigacian Agraria |
Legarra A.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research
Genetics Selection Evolution | Year: 2011
Background: Genetic relatedness or similarity between individuals is a key concept in population, quantitative and conservation genetics. When the pedigree of a population is available and assuming a founder population from which the genealogical records start, genetic relatedness between individuals can be estimated by the coancestry coefficient. If pedigree data is lacking or incomplete, estimation of the genetic similarity between individuals relies on molecular markers, using either molecular coancestry or molecular covariance. Some relationships between genealogical and molecular coancestries and covariances have already been described in the literature. Methods. We show how the expected values of the empirical measures of similarity based on molecular marker data are functions of the genealogical coancestry. From these formulas, it is easy to derive estimators of genealogical coancestry from molecular data. We include variation of allelic frequencies in the estimators. Results: The estimators are illustrated with simulated examples and with a real dataset from dairy cattle. In general, estimators are accurate and only slightly biased. From the real data set, estimators based on covariances are more compatible with genealogical coancestries than those based on molecular coancestries. A frequently used estimator based on the average of estimated coancestries produced inflated coancestries and numerical instability. The consequences of unknown gene frequencies in the founder population are briefly discussed, along with alternatives to overcome this limitation. Conclusions: Estimators of genealogical coancestry based on molecular data are easy to derive. Estimators based on molecular covariance are more accurate than those based on identity by state. A correction considering the random distribution of allelic frequencies improves accuracy of these estimators, especially for populations with very strong drift. © 2011 Toro et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Burgos M.A.,Technical University of Cartagena |
Contreras J.,ITP Group |
Corra R.,Technical University of Madrid
AIAA Journal | Year: 2011
A method to address the rotor/stator interaction problem on an edge-based Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes solver is presented. The implementation of the phase-lagged boundary conditions and a new original conservative discretization of the sliding plane in an unstructured solver is discussed in detail. The numerical method is implicit in time, and convergence is accelerated using a multigrid technique where the coarser grids are obtained by agglomeration. Results of the present method are compared with the experimental results obtained at the National Aerospace Laboratory (The Netherlands) for a subsonic fan.
Bairi A.,GTE |
Zarco-Pernia E.,GTE |
Garcia De Maria J.-M.,Technical University of Madrid
Applied Thermal Engineering | Year: 2014
This paper presents a review of some results of research on natural convection in cavities. The compilation serves to underline the broad spectrum of scientific and engineering fields where the knowledge of natural convection in enclosures is advantageously applied. The principal cavity geometries treated in the literature and their effect on the flow features are revisited. A great variety of configurations of the enclosures with different shapes and inclinations, thermal boundary conditions, initial conditions, heat source distributions, nature of the fluid and radiative properties, are examined. The review also considers the achievements and limitations of the different experimental, numerical, analytical and inverse methods approaches used when dealing with this problem. Published works cover a wide range of Rayleigh numbers going from rather simple laminar, steady-state cases to highly unstable, transient and turbulent flows. The review is particularly devoted to the parallelogram-shaped cavity, also called convective diode cavity, and hence a comprehensive list of published works is provided for this case. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Moratiel R.,Technical University of Madrid |
Martinez-Cob A.,CSIC - Aula Dei Experimental Station
Irrigation Science | Year: 2012
The evapotranspiration (ET c) of a table grape vineyard (Vitis vinifera, cv. Red Globe) trained to a gable trellis under netting and black plastic mulching was determined under semiarid conditions in the central Ebro River Valley during 2007 and 2008. The netting was made of high-density polyethylene (pores of 12 mm 2) and was placed just above the ground canopy about 2.2 m above soil surface. Black plastic mulching was used to minimize soil evaporation. The surface renewal method was used to obtain values of sensible heat flux (H) from high-frequency temperature readings. Later, latent heat flux (LE) values were obtained by solving the energy balance equation. For the May-October period, seasonal ET c was about 843 mm in 2007 and 787 mm in 2008. The experimental weekly crop coefficients (K cexp) fluctuated between 0.64 and 1.2. These values represent crop coefficients adjusted to take into account the reduction in ET c caused by the netting and the black plastic mulching. Average K cexp values during mid- and end-season stages were 0.79 and 0.98, respectively. End-season K cexp was higher due to combination of factors related to the precipitation and low ET o conditions that are typical in this region during fall. Estimated crop coefficients using the Allen et al. (1998) approach adjusting for the effects of the netting and black plastic mulching (K cFAO) showed a good agreement with the experimental K cexp values. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.
Ruiz-Garcia L.,Technical University of Madrid |
Rothmund M.,OSB AG
Food Control | Year: 2010
There is an increasing demand of traceability in the food chain, statutory requirements are growing stricter and there is increasing pressure to develop standardized traceability systems. Each event in the chain, like production of transportation, packing, distribution or processing results in a different product which can have its own information associated within the tracing system. From the raw material to the sale of goods, more and more information needs to be gathered and made available. Supplementary information may also be collected at any step, in order to provide data for analysis and optimization of production practices. Using web-based systems for data processing, storage and transfer makes possible a flexible way of information access, networking and usability. In this paper an architectural proposal is presented and the proposed solution is tested by the implementation of a prototype. The software architecture presented makes use of a series of standards than offer new possibilities in traceability control and management. For testing the prototype, information from precision farming together with the information recorded during the transport and delivery was used. The system enables full traceability and it complies with all existing traceability standards. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Sausedo-Solorio J.M.,Autonomous University of the State of Hidalgo |
Pisarchik A.N.,Technical University of Madrid
Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics | Year: 2014
Synchronization of two synaptically coupled neurons with memory and synaptic delay is studied using the Rulkov map, one of the simplest neuron models which displays specific features inherent to bursting dynamics. We demonstrate a transition from lag to anticipated synchronization as the relationship between the memory duration and the synaptic delay time changes. The neuron maps synchronize either with anticipation, if the memory is longer than the synaptic delay time, or with lag otherwise. The mean anticipation time is equal to the difference between the memory and synaptic delay independently of the coupling strength. Frequency entrainment and phase-locking phenomena as well as a transition from regular spikes to chaos are demonstrated with respect to the coupling strength. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Rodriguez-Alloza A.M.,Technical University of Madrid |
Gallego J.,Technical University of Madrid
Construction and Building Materials | Year: 2013
Due to a growing concern over global warming, the bituminous mixture industry is making a constant effort to diminish its emissions by reducing manufacturing and installation temperatures without compromising the mechanical properties of the bituminous mixtures. The use of mixtures with tyre rubber has demonstrated that these mixtures can be economical and ecological and that they improve the behaviour of the pavements. However, bituminous mixtures with a high rubber content present one major drawback: they require higher mixing and installation temperatures due to the elevated viscosity caused by the high rubber content and thus they produce larger amounts of greenhouse gas emissions than conventional bituminous mixtures. This article presents a study of the effect of four viscosity-reducing additives (Sasobit®, Asphaltan A®, Asphaltan B® and Licomont BS 100®) on a bitumen modified with 15% rubber. The results of this study indicate that these additives successfully reduce viscosity, increase the softening temperature and reduce penetration. However, they do not have a clear effect on the test for elastic recovery and ductility at 25 °C. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Pisarchik A.N.,Technical University of Madrid |
Feudel U.,Carl von Ossietzky University
Physics Reports | Year: 2014
Multistability or coexistence of different attractors for a given set of parameters is one of the most exciting phenomena in dynamical systems. It can be found in different areas of science, such as physics, chemistry, biology, economy, and in nature. The final state of a multistable system depends crucially on the initial conditions. From the viewpoint of applications, there are two major issues related to the emergence of multistability. On one hand, this phenomenon often can create inconvenience, as for instance, in the design of a commercial device with specific characteristics, where multistability needs to be avoided or the desired state has to be stabilized against a noisy environment, and on the other hand, the coexistence of different stable states offers a great flexibility in the system performance without major parameter changes, that can be used with the right control strategies to induce a definite switching between different coexisting states. These two examples alone illustrate the importance of multistability control in applied nonlinear science. For the last decade a lot of research has been devoted to the development of control techniques of multistable systems. These methods cover several strategies, going from feedback control methods to nonfeedback, such as periodic or stochastic perturbations capable of changing the coexisting states stability and driving the system from multistability to monostability. We review the most representative control strategies, discuss their theoretical background and experimental realization. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Ajisaka S.,University of Chile |
Barra F.,University of Chile |
Mejia-Monasterio C.,Technical University of Madrid |
Prosen T.,University of Ljubljana
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics | Year: 2012
We propose a model of nonequilibrium quantum transport of particles and energy in a system connected to mesoscopic Fermi reservoirs (mesoreservoir). The mesoreservoirs are in turn thermalized to prescribed temperatures and chemical potentials by a simple dissipative mechanism described by the Lindblad equation. As an example, we study transport in monoatomic and diatomic chains of noninteracting spinless fermions. We show numerically the breakdown of the Onsager reciprocity relation due to the dissipative terms of the model. © 2012 American Physical Society.
Aguirre J.,CSIC - National Institute of Aerospace Technology |
Papo D.,Technical University of Madrid |
Buldu J.M.,Technical University of Madrid |
Buldu J.M.,Complex Systems Group
Nature Physics | Year: 2013
Competitive interactions represent one of the driving forces behind evolution and natural selection in biological and sociological systems. For example, animals in an ecosystem may vie for food or mates; in a market economy, firms may compete over the same group of customers; sensory stimuli may compete for limited neural resources to enter the focus of attention. Here, we derive rules based on the spectral properties of the network governing the competitive interactions between groups of agents organized in networks. In the scenario studied here the winner of the competition, and the time needed to prevail, essentially depend on the way a given network connects to its competitors and on its internal structure. Our results allow assessment of the extent to which real networks optimize the outcome of their interaction, but also provide strategies through which competing networks can improve on their situation. The proposed approach is applicable to a wide range of systems that can be modelled as networks. Copyright © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
Lazaro A.,Technical University of Madrid |
Valverde F.,University of Seville |
Pineiro M.,Technical University of Madrid |
Jarillo J.A.,Technical University of Madrid
Plant Cell | Year: 2012
The Arabidopsis thaliana early in short days6 (esd6) mutant was isolated in a screen for mutations that accelerate flowering time. Among other developmental alterations, esd6 displays early flowering in both long- and short-day conditions. Fine mapping of the mutation showed that the esd6 phenotype is caused by a lesion in the HIGH EXPRESSION OF OSMOTICALLY RESPONSIVE GENES1 (HOS1) locus, which encodes a RING finger-containing E3 ubiquitin ligase. The esd6/hos1 mutation causes decreased FLOWERING LOCUS C expression and requires CONSTANS (CO) protein for its early flowering phenotype under long days. Moreover, CO and HOS1 physically interact in vitro and in planta, and HOS1 regulates CO abundance, particularly during the daylight period. Accordingly, hos1 causes a shift in the regular long-day pattern of expression of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) transcript, starting to rise 4 h after dawn in the mutant. In addition, HOS1 interacts synergistically with CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC1, another regulator of CO protein stability, in the regulation of flowering time. Taken together, these results indicate that HOS1 is involved in the control of CO abundance, ensuring that CO activation of FT occurs only when the light period reaches a certain length and preventing precocious flowering in Arabidopsis. © 2012 American Society of Plant Biologists. All rights reserved.
Meneses D.,Technical University of Madrid |
Blaabjerg F.,University of Aalborg |
Garcia O.,Technical University of Madrid |
Cobos J.A.,Technical University of Madrid
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics | Year: 2013
This paper presents a comprehensive review of stepup single-phase non-isolated inverters suitable for ac-module applications. In order to compare the most feasible solutions of the reviewed topologies, a benchmark is set. This benchmark is based on a typical ac-module application considering the requirements for the solar panels and the grid. The selected solutions are designed and simulated complying with the benchmark obtaining passive and semiconductor components ratings in order to perform a comparison in terms of size and cost. A discussion of the analyzed topologies regarding the obtained ratings as well as ground currents is presented. Recommendations for topological solutions complying with the application benchmark are provided. © 2012 IEEE.
Fernandez V.,Technical University of Madrid |
Brown P.H.,University of California at Davis
Frontiers in Plant Science | Year: 2013
The application of agrochemical sprays to the aerial parts of crop plants is an important agricultural practice world-wide. While variable effectiveness is often seen in response to foliar treatments, there is abundant evidence showing the beneficial effect of foliar fertilizers in terms of improving the metabolism, quality, and yields of crops. This mini-review is focused on the major bottlenecks associated with the uptake and translocation of foliar-applied nutrient solutions. A better understanding of the complex scenario surrounding the ultimate delivery of foliar-applied nutrients to sink cells and organs is essential for improving the effectiveness and performance of foliar fertilizers. © 2013 Fernández and Brown.
Buil-Aranda C.,Technical University of Madrid |
Corcho O.,Technical University of Madrid
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2011
The W3C SPARQL working group is defining the new SPARQL 1.1 query language. The current working draft of SPARQL 1.1 focuses mainly on the description of the language. In this paper, we provide a formalization of the syntax and semantics of the SPARQL 1.1 federation extension, an important fragment of the language that has not yet received much attention. Besides, we propose optimization techniques for this fragment, provide an implementation of the fragment including these techniques, and carry out a series of experiments that show that our optimization procedures significantly speed up the query evaluation process. © 2011 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Fernandez-Heredia T.,University Europea |
Monzon A.,Technical University of Madrid |
Jara-Diaz S.,University of Chile
Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice | Year: 2014
Many variables that influence bicycle use beyond time and cost have been included in models of various types. However, psycho-social factors that make the bicycle eligible as a modal alternative have not been identified properly. These factors are related to intention, attitudes and perceptions, and their identification can contribute to obtain the keys for a successful bicycle policy. Here, an in-depth investigation of cyclists' perceptions is attempted using a large university survey designed and collected ad hoc, and then applying exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. After identifying fourteen factors, a structural equations model was estimated to find structure and relationships among variables and to understand users' intentions to use the bike. Four (latent) variables are identified, namely convenience, pro-bike, physical determinants and exogenous restrictions. The main conclusion is that convenience (flexible, efficient) and exogenous restrictions (danger, vandalism, facilities) are the most important elements to understand the attitudes towards the bicycle. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Fernandez-Yuste J.A.,Technical University of Madrid
Geomorphology | Year: 2011
In the first decades of the twentieth century, the Ebro River was the Iberian channel with the most active fluvial dynamics and the most remarkable spatial-temporal evolution. Its meandering typology, the dimensions of its floodplain (with an average width > 3.0. km), and the singularities of its flow regime produced a especially interesting set of river functions from the perspective of the fluvial geomorphology of the largest Mediterranean channels.The largest dynamics of the Ebro River are concentrated along the meandering profile of the central sector. During the twentieth century, this sector experienced a large alteration of its geomorphological structure. We present here an analysis of this evolution through the cartographic study of a long segment of the river (~. 250. km) in 1927, 1956, and 2003. The study is focused on a wide set of geomorphic parameters and indicators that represent the forms of the meander belt, its lateral dynamics, and the overall mobility of the river corridor. The results of the analysis show a large transformation of the meander dynamics, as well as a massive loss of the river lateral activity, most of which occurred in the second half of the twentieth century.This intense geomorphological transformation becomes visible in (i) the large reduction of the bankfull width and the active channel area; (ii) the decrease in the rate of lateral channel migration; (iii) the loss of channel activity; and (iv) the large reduction of coincidence of the active channel areas. However, the most traditional form parameters (i.e., wavelength, amplitude, radius of curvature, and meander length) do not show significant differences throughout the time interval analysed. The study reinforces the necessity of integrating a wide range of dynamic indicators, which may complement the classical form parameters and represent the real functioning of the river corridor, in the geomorphological analyses of meander dynamics.This work also shows the most important procedures for the recuperation of the ecomorphological processes of the meander belt. It highlights the most urgent measurement for ecological recovery and illustrates the management scenarios that have led to the present-day situation of the river system. This work further highlights the management scenarios that could be most important for the continued good status of the meander dynamics in this changing river corridor. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Buil-Aranda C.,Technical University of Madrid |
Corcho O.,Technical University of Madrid |
Polleres A.,Siemens AG
Journal of Web Semantics | Year: 2013
Given the sustained growth that we are experiencing in the number of SPARQL endpoints available, the need to be able to send federated SPARQL queries across these has also grown. To address this use case, the W3C SPARQL working group is defining a federation extension for SPARQL 1.1 which allows for combining graph patterns that can be evaluated over several endpoints within a single query. In this paper, we describe the syntax of that extension and formalize its semantics. Additionally, we describe how a query evaluation system can be implemented for that federation extension, describing some static optimization techniques and reusing a query engine used for data-intensive science, so as to deal with large amounts of intermediate and final results. Finally we carry out a series of experiments that show that our optimizations speed up the federated query evaluation process. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Macdowell L.G.,Complutense University of Madrid |
Benet J.,Complutense University of Madrid |
Katcho N.A.,CEA Grenoble |
Palanco J.M.G.,Technical University of Madrid
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science | Year: 2014
In this paper we review simulation and experimental studies of thermal capillary wave fluctuations as an ideal means for probing the underlying disjoining pressure and surface tensions, and more generally, fine details of the Interfacial Hamiltonian Model. We discuss recent simulation results that reveal a film-height-dependent surface tension not accounted for in the classical Interfacial Hamiltonian Model. We show how this observation may be explained bottom-up from sound principles of statistical thermodynamics and discuss some of its implications. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
DeFelipe J.,Instituto Cajal |
DeFelipe J.,Technical University of Madrid |
DeFelipe J.,Research Center Biomedica en Red sobre Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas
Frontiers in Neuroanatomy | Year: 2011
The tremendous expansion and the differentiation of the neocortex constitute two major events in the evolution of the mammalian brain. The increase in size and complexity of our brains opened the way to a spectacular development of cognitive and mental skills. This expansion during evolution facilitated the addition of microcircuits with a similar basic structure, which increased the complexity of the human brain and contributed to its uniqueness. However, fundamental differences even exist between distinct mammalian species. Here, we shall discuss the issue of our humanity from a neurobiological and historical perspective. © 2011 Defelipe.
Bairi A.,GTE |
Garcia De Maria J.M.,Technical University of Madrid
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer | Year: 2013
This work allows to quantify the transient natural-convection heat transfer taking place in air-filled convective diode cavities. The results are presented in terms of Nusselt-Rayleigh-Fourier numbers correlations. They are valid for the specific configuration of the hot wall that consists of three horizontal, isothermal discrete bands separated by two adiabatic ones of the same dimensions. The channel that connects the hot and cold walls is adiabatic and is inclined between -60° and +60° with respect to the horizontal. The correlations proposed are obtained from numerical results based on the finite volume method and are validated by measurements. They complement those obtained in a previous work for steady state and Rayleigh number in the range 1.84 × 105 ≤ Ra ≤ 1.70 × 109, which make them suitable for applications in several industrial sectors. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Bairi A.,GTE |
Garcia De Maria J.M.,Technical University of Madrid
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer | Year: 2013
Steady-state natural convection taking place in hemispherical air-filled cavities is presented in this work. The circular base of the hemispherical cavity is the hot active wall subjected to a constant heat flux. The closing dome is maintained isothermal at a lower temperature and acts as a cold wall. This cavity can be inclined at an angle α between 0 (hot wall horizontal) and 90 (hot wall vertical) in steps of 15. The problem is studied both experimentally and numerically. Measurements of thermal variables are taken on an experimental assembly at steady state in order to characterize the heat exchanges at the hot wall. The Rayleigh number resulting from the experimental parameters varies between 3.44 × 105 and 2.83 × 10 7. The numerical study covers a larger Ra range, between 10 4 and 5 × 107. Calculations performed using the finite volume method complement the experimental results by examining also the dynamic aspects. The mathematical model used is validated by measurements. Differences between the two approaches are found to be relatively low, always within the uncertainties of the experimental data. The comparison with previous published works dealing with the horizontal cavity is also satisfactory. The resulting thermal and dynamic fields are presented for all the angles treated. Correlations between average Nusselt and Rayleigh numbers are proposed to quantify the convective exchanges for engineering applications. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Zanin M.,INNAXIS Foundation and Research Institute |
Pisarchik A.N.,Technical University of Madrid
Information Sciences | Year: 2014
We present a novel permutation algorithm for fast encryption of a large amount of data, such as 3D images and real-time videos. The proposed P-Box algorithm takes advantage of Gray code properties and allows fast encryption with high information diffusion. The algorithm is optimized for integer q-bit operations (q=8,16,32,...), allowing a direct implementation in almost any hardware platform, while avoiding rounding errors of floating-point operations. By combining the P-Box with chaotic S-Box based on the logistic map, we design a complete, highly secure and fast cryptosystem. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Di Ciommo F.,Technical University of Madrid |
Monzon A.,Technical University of Madrid |
Fernandez-Heredia A.,University Europea
Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice | Year: 2013
Several international studies have analyzed the acceptability of road pricing schemes by means of an attitude survey in combination with the results of a stated choice experiment using both a descriptive analysis and a discrete-choice model with binary choice (" accept" or " not accept" the toll). However, the use of hybrid discrete choice models constitutes an innovative alternative for integrating subjective attitudes and perceptions deriving from the survey of attitudes with the more objective variables from the stated choice experiment. This paper analyzes the results of applying these models to measure the acceptability of interurban road pricing among different groups of stakeholders (road freight and passenger operators, highway concessionaires, and associations of private car users) with qualitatively significant opinions on road pricing measures. Our results show that hybrid models are better suited to explaining the acceptability of a road pricing scheme by different groups of stakeholders than a separate analysis of the survey of attitudes and a discrete-choice model applied on a stated choice experiment. A particular finding was that the strong psycho-social latent variable of the perception of fairness explains the rejection or acceptance of a toll scheme by road stakeholders. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Skeldon A.C.,University of Surrey |
Porter J.,Technical University of Madrid
Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics | Year: 2011
Interesting and exotic surface wave patterns have regularly been observed in the Faraday experiment. Although symmetry arguments provide a qualitative explanation for the selection of some of these patterns (e.g., superlattices), quantitative analysis is hindered by mathematical difficulties inherent in a time-dependent, free-boundary Navier-Stokes problem. More tractable low viscosity approximations are available, but these do not necessarily capture the moderate viscosity regime of the most interesting experiments. Here we focus on weakly nonlinear behavior and compare the scaling results derived from symmetry arguments in the low viscosity limit with the computed coefficients of appropriate amplitude equations using both the full Navier-Stokes equations and a reduced set of partial differential equations due to Zhang and Vinãls. We find the range of viscosities over which one can expect "low viscosity" theories to hold. We also find that there is an optimal viscosity range for locating superlattice patterns experimentally-large enough that the region of parameters giving stable patterns is not impracticably small, yet not so large that crucial resonance effects are washed out. These results help explain some of the discrepancies between theory and experiment. © 2011 American Physical Society.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.5 | Award Amount: 3.26M | Year: 2008
In the forthcoming age, where everyone may be content producer, mediator and consumer, SEA aims to offer a new experience of personalised, seamless content delivery, maintaining the integrity and wherever applicable, enriching the perceived QoS (PQoS) of the media across the whole distribution chain. SEA is a project focused on seamless, personalised, trusted and PQoS-optimised multimedia content delivery, across broadband networks, varying from broadcasting to P2P topologies. \nSEA motivation is to implement a context-aware networking delivery platform, by focusing on four key principles:\n- Multi-layered/-viewed content coding, considering the evolving H.264 SVC/MVC and their emerging successors, as the major foreseen delivery technologies over heterogeneous networks/terminals and large audiences. \n- Multi-source/-network content streaming offering on-the fly content adaptation, increased scalability and enriched PQoS by dynamically combining content layers or representations of the same resource, transmitted from multiple sources and/or received over multiple networks. \n- Cross-network/-layer optimisation. The network/terminal heterogeneity, also engaging P2P overlays and serving different quality and views will require cross-layer optimization, traffic adaptation and optimal use of the available network/terminal resources.\n- Content Protection. A hybrid solution for personalised content protection by means of a combination of streaming encryption, content protection and rights management for new media, covering not only the legacy content creation chain, but also the private multimedia content. \nSEA will test/validate the developed technologies over three interconnected tedbeds: a) a real-time emulated lab, b) a world-wide extended P2P testbed (PlanetLab) and c) a real 2G\/3G/4G/WLAN mobile trial. \nSEA will eventually provide citizens with the means to offer personalized A/V user-centric services, improving their quality of life, entertainment and safety.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.1.2 | Award Amount: 11.05M | Year: 2008
S-Cube, the Software Services and Systems Network (www.s-cube-network.eu) will establish a unified, multidisciplinary, vibrant research community which will enable Europe to lead the software-services revolution.\n\nBy integrating diverse research communities, S-Cube intends to achieve world-wide scientific excellence in a field that is critical for European competitiveness. S-Cube will accomplish its aims by meeting the following objectives:\n- Re-aligning, re-shaping and integrating research agendas of key European players from diverse research areas and by synthesizing and integrating diversified knowledge, thereby establishing a long-lasting foundation for steering research and for achieving innovation at the highest level.\n- Inaugurating a Europe-wide common program of education and training for researchers and industry thereby creating a common culture that will have a profound impact on the future of the field.\n- Establishing a pro-active mobility plan to enable cross-fertilisation and thereby fostering the integration of research communities and the establishment of a common software services research culture.\n- Establishing trust relationships with industry via European Technology Platforms (specifically NESSI) to achieve a catalytic effect in shaping European research, strengthening industrial competitiveness and addressing main societal challenges.\n\nS-Cube will produce an integrated research community of international reputation and acclaim that will help define the future shape of the field of software services. S-Cube will provide service engineering methodologies which facilitate the development, deployment and adjustment of sophisticated hybrid service-based systems. S-Cube will further introduce an advanced training program for researchers and practitioners. Finally, S-Cube intends to bring strategic added value to European industry by using industry best-practice models and by implementing research results into pilot business cases
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SiS.2013.2.1.1-1 | Award Amount: 3.77M | Year: 2014
TRIGGER aims at promoting systemic interventions designed to have deep, long lasting and widespread impacts at all the different levels in 5 research organisations. The project, coordinated and co-funded by the Italian Government, assisted by an institute specialised in gender and science, involves as co-funders five universities from different EU countries (Czech Republic, France, Italy, UK, Spain). Building on the results of earlier projects, integrated actions will be implemented at each university addressing different sides of gender inequality in science, i.e.: 1) Working environment, formal/informal culture and explicit/tacit rules (awareness-raising; collection of gender-sensitive data; support in the early stages of scientific careers; promotion of work-life balance, etc.). 2) Content and methods of scientific research, to acknowledge its gender dimension and impact (updating of teaching curricula; gendering the design of research and technological innovation; allocation of funds for gendered research; contrasting stereotypes about women in science, etc.). 3) Scientific leadership at different levels (selection procedures and criteria for the evaluation of scientific merit; introduction of equality targets in decision making bodies; enhancement of women researchers visibility, etc.). Each of the 5 involved partners have designed and will carry out a tailored action plan including measures related to all 3 sides, whose relative weight depends on their specific characteristics, situations and needs. TRIGGER will be characterised by integration, customisation, systematic nature, concreteness. Public debate and awareness will be generated on these issues Europe-wide. Added value will be yielded both on the strategic level, by the strong focus on gendering research, and on the operational level, through fostering mutual learning among partners and among the different European structural change projects, giving birth to an Integrated Model.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.1.1 | Award Amount: 7.45M | Year: 2010
The availability of position information plays an increasing role in wireless communications networks already today and will be an integral part of future systems. They inherently can offer the ability for stand-alone positioning especially in situations where conventional satellite based positioning systems such as GPS fail (e.g., indoor). In this framework, positioning information is an important enabler either for location and context-aware services or even to improve the communications system itself.The WHERE2 project is a successor of the WHERE project and addresses the combination of positioning and communications in order to exploit synergies and to enhance the efficiency of future wireless communications systems. The key objective of WHERE2 is to assess the fundamental synergies between the two worlds of heterogeneous cooperative positioning and communications in the real world under realistic constraints. The estimation of the position of mobile terminals (MTs) is the main goal in WHERE2. The positioning algorithms combine measurements from heterogeneous infrastructure and complement them by cooperative measurements between MTs, additional information from inertial sensors, and context information. Based on the performance of the geo-aided positioning strategies (in the sense of accuracy, complexity, overhead of signalling, reliability of the provided information, etc.) the impact on coordinated, cooperative, and cognitive networks is assessed. This is done under realistic scenarios and system parameters following on-going standardization processes. A joint and integrated demonstration using multiple hardware platforms provides a verification of the performance of dedicated cooperative algorithms.All the tasks in WHERE2 are covered by different work packages, which are in close interaction to ensure an integral research of cooperative positioning and communications.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FI.ICT-2011.1.8 | Award Amount: 7.36M | Year: 2011
The SmartAgriFood project addresses the food and agribusiness as a use case for the Future Internet. The intelligence, efficiency, sustainability and performance of the agri-food sector can be radically enhanced by using information & decision support systems that are tightly integrated with advanced internet-based networks & services. Concurrently, the sector provides extremely demanding use cases for Future Internet design from physical layer all the way up to the service layer. This project will focus on three sub systems of the sector - smart farming, focussing on sensors and traceability; smart agri-logistics, focusing on real-time virtualisation, connectivity and logistics intelligence; and smart food awareness, focussing on transparency of data and knowledge representation. Using a user-centred methodology, the use case specification will be developed with a particular focus on transparency and interoperability of data and knowledge across the food supply chain. Project results will include:\n-Use Case descriptions for smart farming, including sophisticated and robust broadband sensing and monitoring of animals and plants\n-Use Case descriptions for smart agri-logistics, including intelligent transport and real-time logistics of agri-food products\n-Use Case descriptions of smart food awareness, focussing enabling the consumer with information concerning safety, health, environmental impact and animal welfare\n-Identification of generic requirements for the generic enablers\n-Extensive community and user organisation involvement both in requirements gathering, pilot demonstration, and evaluation\n-Specification of interfaces and functionalities for integration to Core Platform,\n-Significant contributions to standardisation and regulatory bodies in Europe.\nKey features of SmartAgriFood concepts will be demonstrated and verified by simulations and experimental systems within this project and by large scale demonstration as intended in Phase II.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2009.4.3 | Award Amount: 3.69M | Year: 2010
PlanetData aims to establish a sustainable European community of researchers that supports organizations in exposing their data in new and useful ways. The ability to effectively and efficiently make sense out of the enormous amounts of data continuously published online, including data streams, (micro)blog posts, digital archives, eScience resources, public sector data sets, and the Linked Open Data Cloud, is a crucial ingredient for Europes transition to a knowledge society. It allows businesses, governments, communities and individuals to take decisions in an informed manner, ensuring competitive advantages, and general welfare. Research will concentrate on three key challenges that need to be addressed for effective data exposure in a usable form at global scale. We will provide representations for stream-like data, and scalable techniques to publish, access and integrate such data sources on the Web. We will establish mechanisms to assess, record, and, where possible, improve the quality of data through repair. To further enhance the usefulness of data - in particular when it comes to the effectiveness of data processing and retrieval - we will define means to capture the context in which data is produced and understood - including space, time and social aspects. Finally, we will develop access control mechanisms - in order to attract exposure of certain types of valuable data sets, it is necessary to take proper account of its owners concerns to maintain control and respect for privacy and provenance, while not hampering non-contentious use. We will test all of the above on a highly scalable data infrastructure, supporting relational, RDF, and stream processing, and on novel data sets exposed through the network, and derive best practices for data owners. By providing these key precursors, complemented by a comprehensive training, dissemination, standardization and networking program, we will enable and promote effective exposure of data at planetary scale.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: WATER-2b-2015 | Award Amount: 7.90M | Year: 2016
Land, food, energy, water and climate are interconnected, comprising a coherent system (the Nexus), dominated by complexity and feedback. The integrated management of the Nexus is critical to secure the efficient and sustainable use of resources. Barriers to a resource efficient Europe are policy inconsistencies and incoherence, knowledge gaps, especially regarding integration methodologies and tools for the Nexus, and knowledge and technology lock-ins. SIM4NEXUS will develop innovative methodologies to address these barriers, by building on well-known and scientifically established existing thematic models, simulating different components/themes of the Nexus and by developing: (a) novel complexity science methodologies and approaches for integrating the outputs of the thematic models; (b) a Geoplatform for seamless integration of public domain data and metadata for decision and policy making; (c) a Knowledge Elicitation Engine for integrating strategies at different spatial and temporal scales with top down and bottom up learning process, discovering new and emergent knowledge, in the form of unknown relations between the Nexus components and policies/strategies; (d) a web-based Serious Game for multiple users, as an enhanced interactive visualisation tool, providing an immersive experience to decision- and policy-makers. The Serious Game will assist the users (as players) in better understanding and visualising policies at various geo-/spatial scales and from a holistic point of view, towards a better scientific understanding of the Nexus. The Serious Game will be validated (applied, tested, verified and used) via ten Case Studies ranging from regional to national level. Two further Strategic Serious Games at European and Global levels will also be developed for demonstration, education and further exploitation purposes, accompanied by a robust business plan and IPR framework, for taking advantage of the post-project situation and business potential.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA-2007-2.2-02 | Award Amount: 4.87M | Year: 2008
The objective of the research program is to design, optimize and develop a space plasma thruster based on helicon-radio-frequency technology and its application to a nano-satellite for attitude and position control. Moreover a detailed feasibility study will be also conducted to evaluate the possibility of using the plasma thruster to heat and decompose a secondary propellant. The feasibility study will asses the possibility of building up a combined-two-mode-thruster able to operate in the low-thrust high-efficiency plasma-mode and high-thrust low-efficiency secondary-propellant-plasma-enhanced mode. Only the plasma thruster will be developed and fully tested during this study. The main characteristics of the thruster are: Power 50 W Weight within 1.5 kg Thrust >1.5 mN Specific Impulse (Isp) >1200 s The program will develop thought the following steps: a) Deep numerical-theoretical investigation through dedicated plasma-simulation tools. b) Extensive experimental campaign to validate codes, to investigate the physics phenomena involved and to proof thruster performance. c) The development of a thruster-prototype to be mounted on board of a mini-satellite to demonstrate technology feasibility, d)The study of all the critical issues related to the application to a mini-satellite e) the design and manufacturing of the mini-satellite mock up including all critical components f) analysis of scaling law to lower and higher power. As a final results of the project, a detailed analysis will be conducted in order to evaluate the possible application of the thruster in space missions requiring low thrust accurate attitude and position control.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: PHC-20-2014 | Award Amount: 3.79M | Year: 2015
The number of elderly living with cognitive impairment is growing rapidly due to increasing life expectancy. The percentage of those who live alone depends upon the condition (i.e. roughly 30% of those diagnosed with dementia) but the majority would like to live in their own home or with family, provided that it is safe, comfortable, and cost effective. IN LIFE aims to prolong and support independent living for elderly with cognitive impairments, through interoperable, open, personalised and seamless ICT services that support home activities, communication, health maintenance, travel, mobility and socialization, with novel, scalable and viable business models, based on feedback from large-scale, multi-country pilots. Building on existing knowledge and tested AAL technology/services IN LIFE will offer 19 different services, which will be further optimised and adapted to the particular needs and wants of various elderly groups, including mild cognitive impairment (MCI), early dementia and cognitive impairment with co morbid conditions, plus formal and informal caregivers. These interoperable services will be integrated into an open, cloud- based, reference architecture to be tested in 6 Europe-wide pilots in Greece, Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and UK, with over 1200 elderly with cognitive impairments, 600 formal and informal caregivers, and 60 other stakeholders. Attention will be paid to issues concerning multilingual and multicultural environments. The project will establish and extensively test new business models for a new taxonomy of elderly with cognitive impairments, encompassing those that are clustered as dependent, at risk, assisted or active and formulating and accessing new business scenarios, such as the user-centric, service provider-centric and data exploitation-centric ones. This work will be carried out in 36 months by 20 partners from 9 European countries, totaling 591PMs with a total requested financing of 3.38M euros.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.1 | Award Amount: 5.55M | Year: 2008
To increase ubiquitous and mobile network access and data rates, scientific and technological development is more and more focussing on the integration of radio access networks (RANs). For an efficient usage of RANs, knowledge of the position of mobile terminals (MTs) is valuable information in order to allocate resources or predict the allocation within a heterogeneous RAN infrastructure.\nThe main objective of WHERE is to combine wireless communications and navigation for the benefit of the ubiquitous access for a future mobile radio system. The impact will be manifold, such as real time localization knowledge in B3G/4G systems that allow them to increase efficiency. Satellite navigation systems will be supplemented with techniques that improve accuracy and availability of position information.\nThe WHERE project addresses the combination of positioning and communication in order to exploit synergies and to improve the efficiency of future wireless communication systems.\nThus, the estimation of the position of MTs based on different RANs is the main goal in WHERE. Positioning algorithms and algorithms for combining several positioning measurements allow to estimate the position of MTs. Appropriate definitions of scenarios and system parameters together with channel propagation measurements and derived models will allow to assess the performance of RAN based positioning. Based on the performance of RAN positioning, location based strategies and protocols will be developed in order to optimise as well as to cross-optimise different OSI layers of communication systems and RAT selection policies. Performance assessment of the algorithms is provided by theoretical studies and simulations. Hardware signal processing will provide a verification of the performance of dedicated algorithms under realistic conditions. \nAll the tasks are covered by different work packages, which are in close interaction to ensure an integral research of positioning and communications.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2010-1.1.22 | Award Amount: 11.58M | Year: 2011
The objective of the SOPHIA project is to strenghten and optimise research capabilities, mainly by coordinating efforts on important but precompetitive issues. Large research infrastructures working together will avoid the useless replication of a large number of small efforts. The SOPHIA project aims at pulling together the main European photovoltaic research infrastructures in order to provide the scientific community with common referential to conduct efficient and coordinated research work in the field of PV technologies.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2007.6.3 | Award Amount: 607.33K | Year: 2008
E4U aims at fostering world-leadership in ICT enabled energy efficiency in the EU through accelerating research and development for energy-efficient ICT systems. It will achieve this through the creation of a strategic research roadmap for power electronics in alignment with the national, EU, and international policy framework. E4U will create impact through targeted interaction with the research community, leading European industry, and RTD policy makers at the national and European level. E4U will also advertise the benefits of power electronics and ICT for energy efficiency to the broad public.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: SESAR-RIA | Phase: Sesar-01-2015 | Award Amount: 599.87K | Year: 2016
Automation effects on arousal could be predicted differently depending on the Attentional Theory. The classical Theory (Kahneman, 1973) considers the level of arousal reliant only on psychological factors (stress, fatigue and emotions). Automation would only affect the task complexity by allocating part of the cognitive processing to the system. Alternative theories such as Malleable Attentional Resources Theory (MART) (Young and Stanton, 2002) assumes that automation would also affect the level of arousal and be dependent on controllers expectations: when the ATCo expects that the task is easy in the near future, she/he will reduce the arousal levels and get bored or sleepy (overconfidence on automation). On the contrary, fears of automation failing would increase stress and also the level of arousal causing disorientation, overacting or erratic behaviour. Based on these theories, AUTOPACE proposes basic research on a Psychological Model to quantitatively predict how automation would impact on human performance based on cognitive resources modeling (demanded and available), tasks characteristics (automation), psychological factors modeling (fatigue, stress and emotions) and ATCo expectations (overconfidence vs fears of automation). A catalogue of training strategies to support the controller being in-the-loop will be explored. For the classical Theory, the strategies only for keeping attention on the main task avoiding out-of-the-loop effect. For the MART the coach will be also for coping with stress. A reviewed Curricula and ATCo Selection will be initiated. Expert Judgment from Psychologists, ATM Experts and Controllers Trainers supported by Literature Research will look at future competences and training strategies. The research on Psychological Modeling will be also sustained with Analytical Studies by using an existing prototype for demanded resources. AUTOPACE points at research paths suggested in Ergonomics in design Issue (Hancock et all, April 2013).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SST.2013.3-1. | Award Amount: 13.01M | Year: 2013
OPTICITIES vision is to help European cities tackle complex mobility challenges. OPTICITIES strategy focuses on the optimisation of transport networks through the development of public/private partnerships and the experimentation of innovative ITS services. OPTICITIES addresses both passenger and freight transport issues supporting a user-centred approach. OPTICITIES delivers significant innovation breakthroughs: - New governance scheme between public and private stakeholders through a contractual architecture fostering data quality and implementing data access policy; - European standard for urban multimodal data set including interfaces with information services; - Decision support tools based on predictive data for proactive transport management and Multimodal Traffic Control Systems connecting road traffic and public transport data in cities; - Multimodal real-time urban navigator interfaced with in-car navigation systems as a first world trial; - Urban freight navigator to support drivers and fleet operators in optimising their deliveries. The European dimension of the project is ensured by a consortium of 25 partners from 8 EU member states. The consortium includes 6 city authorities, major ITS actors (research institutes, information service providers, car industry) and the most important networks of European cities and international public transport operators. Led by public authorities the consortium supports 3 key approaches: effectiveness of solutions ensuring deployment perspectives of maximum 5 years; scalability of services tailored to diverse European urban typologies; transferability of results to foster further deployments in other European cities. OPTICITIES main expected impacts are: - 6% modal shift inducing a yearly gain of 1.5 MT of CO2 - Increase in market size (211 M per year) thanks to the new governance scheme and implementation of innovative services - 10% decrease in private car use generating a gain of 3.6 M m2 of public space
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IAPP | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IAPP | Award Amount: 611.95K | Year: 2012
Reduce the fish oil inclusion level in aquaculture feeds while maintaining high levels of marine omega 3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA) in fish products to meet consumer expectations is a major problem of modern aquaculture. Both of these conditions reflect the necessity to examine in depth nutritional strategies aimed to maximise EPA and DHA retention on fish tissues. Omega3max aims to optimise dietary fatty acid composition and antioxidant sources and concentration to limit in vivo oxidative stress in fish tissues helping to preserve EPA and DHA. In addition not only the quantity of EPA\DHA, but also the position of both fatty acids to conform triacyglycerols and phospholipids, is becoming an important aspect in terms of function and bioavailability for human consumers. Therefore, the present project also aims to study the regiospecificity of fatty acids which is a novel issue for fish nutritionist with important implications on the nutritive quality of the fish flesh. This programme aims to increase the EU aquaculture industry competitiveness being more cost-effective and improving the nutritional value and quality of aquaculture products but also to strengthen the research and educational potential on aquaculture of both sectors industry and academia. The proposed research group in this Consortium comprises four partners, including two national non-commercial organisations namely the Universidad Politcnica de Madrid (UPM-Spain) and the Christian-Albrechts University Kiel (CAU-Germany) as well as two commercial enterprises namely Skretting Aquaculture Research Center (Skretting ARC-Norway) and Lucta (Spain). Both the academic and industrial partners have a strong track record on research activities and already established successful research collaborations in the recent past. We propose to create a long-lasting consortium of leading researchers with complementary expertise that can synergize innovative research in the fields of fish nutrition and health.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IRSES | Award Amount: 405.80K | Year: 2013
Semantic data management refers to a range of techniques for the manipulation and usage of data based on its meaning. Semantically enabled linked and open data have been published at an increasing pace in recent years, and this technology has been adopted by major industrial players, including Google, Yahoo, Oracle, Talis and IBM. But to reach their full potential of becoming a transformative technology enabling a data-driven economy, there are important research challenges related to semantic data, particularly regarding maturity, dynamicity and the ability to process efficiently huge amounts of interconnected semantic data. SemData brings together some of the internationally leading research centres in the area of managing semantic data to address these challenges.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: SESAR-RIA | Phase: Sesar-11-2015 | Award Amount: 998.12K | Year: 2016
ATM performance results from the complex interaction of interdependent policies and regulations, stakeholders, technologies and market conditions. Trade-offs arise not only between KPAs, but also between stakeholders, as well as between short-term and long-term objectives. While a lot of effort has traditionally been devoted to the development of microscopic performance models, there is a lack of useful macro approaches able to translate local improvements or specific regulations into their impact on high-level, system-wide KPIs. The goal of INTUIT is to explore the potential of visual analytics, machine learning and systems modelling techniques to improve our understanding of the trade-offs between ATM KPAs, identify cause-effect relationships between KPIs at different scales, and develop new decision support tools for ATM performance monitoring and management. The specific objectives of the project are: 1. to conduct a systematic characterisation of the ATM performance datasets available at different spatial and temporal scales and evaluate their potential to inform the development of new indicators and modelling approaches; 2. to propose new metrics and indicators providing new angles of analysis of ATM performance; 3. to develop a set of visual analytics and machine learning algorithms for the extraction of relevant and understandable patterns from ATM performance data; 4. to investigate new data-driven modelling techniques and evaluate their potential to provide new insights about cause-effect relationships between performance drivers and performance indicators; 5. to integrate the newly developed analytical and visualisation functionalities into an interactive dashboard supporting multi-dimensional performance assessment and decision making for both monitoring and management purposes.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2013.1-3. | Award Amount: 45.04M | Year: 2013
The ENOVAL project will provide the next step of engine technologies to achieve and surpass the ACARE 2020 goals on the way towards Flightpath 2050. ENOVAL completes the European 7th Framework Programme (FP7) roadmap of Level 2 aero engine projects. ENOVAL will focus on the low pressure system of ultra-high by-pass ratio propulsion systems (12 < BPR < 20) in conjunction with ultra high overall pressure ratio (50 < OPR < 70) to provide significant reductions in CO2 emissions in terms of fuel burn (-3% to -5%) and engine noise (-1.3 ENPdB). ENOVAL will focus on ducted geared and non-geared turbofan engines, which are amongst the best candidates for the next generation of short/medium range and long range commercial aircraft applications with an entry into service date of 2025 onward. The expected fan diameter increase of 20 to 35% (vs. year 2000 reference engine) is significant and can be accommodated within the limits of a conventional aircraft configuration. It is in line with the roadmap of the Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda for 2020 to have the technologies ready for Optimised conventional aircraft and engines using best fuel efficiency and noise control technologies, where UHBR propulsion systems are expressively named as a key technology. ENOVAL will be established in a consistent series of Level 2 projects in conjunction with LEMCOTEC for core engine technologies, E-BREAK for system technologies for enabling ultra high OPR engines, and OPENAIR for noise reduction technologies. Finally, ENOVAL will prepare the way towards maturing the technology and preparing industrialisation in coordination with past and existing aero-engine initiatives in Europe at FP7 and national levels.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: NFRP-10-2014 | Award Amount: 3.18M | Year: 2016
The present situation of nuclear energy in Europe asks for a continuing effort in the field of Education and Training aimed to assure a qualified workforce in the next decades. In this scenario, the present proposal is aimed at enhancing and networking the Europe-wide efforts initiated in the past decades by different organisations belonging to academia, research centres and industry to maintain and develop Education and Training in the nuclear fields. This will allow consolidating, developing and better exploiting the achievements already reached in the past and to tackle the present challenges in preparing the European workforce in the nuclear fields. The main objectives of the proposal are: 1. SURVEY AND COORDINATION OF NETWORKING IN E&T AND VET IN THE NUCLEAR AREAS 2. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF COORDINATED E&T AND VET EFFORTS (Master and Summer Courses for continuous professional development) 3. GENERATIONAL TRANSFER OF EXPERTISE (Sustainable production of educational material) 4. CROSS BORDER TRANSFER OF EXPERTISE (Implementation of ECVET based exchanges among industrial bodies) 5. REINFORCING ETI ACTIONS FOR SHARING AND ENHANCING NUCLEAR SAFETY CULTURE COMPETENCE 6. FACILITATING THE NUCLEAR TRANSITION IN FUSION: COORDINATING THE E&T ACTIONS The European Nuclear Education Network (ENEN), as coordinator of the proposed action, together with the other Participants, is committed to pursue the above objectives, being fully coherent with the ones suggested in the call (NFRP10) and proposed by the SET Plan Roadmap for Education and Training for the nuclear sector, tightening at the same time the links among the different nuclear areas and better coordinating their contributions in the E&T fields. Strict links with the SNE-TP; IGD-TP and MELODI platforms and other relevant associations and bodies (EHRO-N, NUGENIA, EUTERP, IAEA, HERCA, etc.) will be implemented to assure coherence of this effort with similar other efforts going on in Europe.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: LCE-03-2015 | Award Amount: 26.52M | Year: 2016
Offshore wind business competitiveness is strongly related to substructures and offshore logistics. DEMOGRAVI3 addresses these areas through a very promising solution called GRAVI3. GRAVI3 is an innovative hybrid steel-concrete offshore sub-structure for transitional water depths between 35 and 60m. It will sustainably reduce the levelized cost of energy by up to 15% by combining the following vectors: - Using three concrete caissons, with water ballast, instead of more complex and costly steel solutions and anchoring systems - Using a smaller steel structure - Performing all construction and assembly onshore and towing the complete unit to the site where it is submerged with an innovative and robust method. - Preventing the use of heavy lift vessels and reducing the level of complexity and risk of offshore operations. GRAVI3 has undergone the typical technology development process and is presently at TRL5. The logical next steps is the demonstration at full scale in real operational conditions. Thus, the project fits perfectly to the addressed Call for Proposals as the project will support technology development and bring the technology close to market readiness. The proposed project will design, engineer, build, assemble, transport, install and demonstrate a full scale foundation, equipped with a 2 MW offshore wind turbine, in a consented and grid connected demonstration site. Additionally, the project will undertake further technology development for improved design and perform an in depth evaluation of the technologys future industrialization, competitiveness and bankability. The core partners are committed to bring the GRAVI3 technology to market intending to 1) form a company with the objective to commercialize the GRAVI3 technology; 2) prepare themselves to take on important segments of the industrial value chain which will be put in place to move the GRAVI3 product forward; 3) foster the use of the technology, namely in the wind farms they are developing.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: ECSEL-IA | Phase: ECSEL-17-2015 | Award Amount: 64.82M | Year: 2016
ENABLE-S3 will pave the way for accelerated application of highly automated and autonomous systems in the mobility domains automotive, aerospace, rail and maritime as well as in the health care domain. Virtual testing, verification and coverage-oriented test selection methods will enable validation with reasonable efforts. The resulting validation framework will ensure Europeans Industry competitiveness in the global race of automated systems with an expected market potential of 60B in 2025. Project results will be used to propose standardized validation procedures for highly automated systems (ACPS). The technical objectives addressed are: 1. Provision of a test and validation framework that proves the functionality, safety and security of ACPS with at least 50% less test effort than required in classical testing. 2. Promotion of a new technique for testing of automated systems with physical sensor signal stimuli generators, which will be demonstrated for at least 3 physical stimuli generators. 3. Raising significantly the level of dependability of automated systems due to provision of a holistic test and validation platform and systematic coverage measures, which will reduce the probability of malfunction behavior of automated systems to 10E-9/h. 4. Provision of a validation environment for rapid re-qualification, which will allow reuse of validation scenarios in at least 3 development stages. 5. Establish open standards to speed up the adoption of the new validation tools and methods for ACPS. 6. Enabling safe, secure and functional ACPS across domains. 7. Creation of an eco-system for the validation and verification of automated systems in the European industry. ENABLE-S3 is strongly industry-driven. Realistic and relevant industrial use-cases from smart mobility and smart health will define the requirements to be addressed and assess the benefits of the technological progress.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: PHC-26-2014 | Award Amount: 4.35M | Year: 2015
PD_manager aims to build and evaluate an innovative, mhealth, patient centric ecosystem for Parkinsons disease (PD) management. The analysis of experts diagnostic behaviour and the decomposition of tasks undertaken by the various actors during the disease management will enable the validation of technology against routine clinical judgment measures . Primary motor symptoms such as tremor, bradykinesia and postural imbalance and non-motor symptoms, such as sleep, speech and cognitive disorders, will be evaluated with data captured by light, unobtrusive, co-operative, mobile devices: sensor insoles, a wristband and the patients or caregivers (the role of which is of paramount importance) smartphone. Data mining studies will lead to the implementation of a Decision Support Platform with suggestions for modifications in the medication which is the key for prolongation of independence and improved Quality of Life. Compliance with medical recommendations will also be studied; the patient will be motivated to adhere to his medication and diet, will be empowered to exercise and make physiotherapies and will be educated about occupational and speech therapy in order to self-manage his condition. The PD_manager Knowledge Management platform will be built with a cloud-based, open architecture approach based on FI-WARE that will support the use of any commercial set of sensors within the Internet of Things concept. The successful implementation of all abovementioned objectives will be evaluated in a total of 230 patients (the 30 that will be enrolled at the first phase of the project and 200 more during the pilot). In addition to the evaluation of the clinical effectiveness, acceptability and usability of the developed platform and mobile apps a detailed study for the potential of PD_manager as a new care model in terms of health outcomes, quality of life, care efficiency gains and economic benefits will also be conducted.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.2 | Award Amount: 3.96M | Year: 2008
A growing number of applications require the ability to analyze massive amounts of streaming data in real time. Examples of such applications are: market data processing, anti-spam and anti-virus filters for e-mail, network security systems for incoming IP traffic in organisation-wide networks, automatic trading, fraud detection for cellular telephony to analyze and correlate phone calls, fraud detection for credit cards, and e-services for verifying SLAs. Typically, such applications require strong analysis and processing capabilities, i.e., data mining, to discover facts of interest. Data analysis happens today on clusters of workstations using specialized middleware and applications. Although solutions for real-time processing of information flows already exist, current platforms and infrastructures phase three main limitations: (a) scalability, (b) autonomy, and (c) performance. STREAM aims at scaling system size by an order of magnitude, to 100s of nodes, achieving real-time processing of information flows, and providing unsupervised and autonomous operation. This will allow for much broader deployment of such products and services to new areas that need to manipulate large information flows in a cost-effective manner, and in particular, the Telecom, Financial, and E-services sectors.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: ICT-2013.1.8 | Award Amount: 5.53M | Year: 2014
FI-PPP partners have produced a large set of valuable assets which facilitate the development of novel applications offering enhanced user experience. The adoption of these results by creative SMEs and web entrepreneurs in application domains is mandatory for their sustainable exploitation and economic and societal impact raising.FI-ADOPT will promote the adoption of the FI-PPP assets and deliver a large number of innovative, multidisciplinary, multiplatform, stable and scalable applications- extensively using FI-PPP results- exploiting widely adopted and up-taking technologies and concepts including networked media, social networking, mobile apps and gamification- supporting key areas such as learning, training, well being and social integration.FI-ADOPT will engage innovative SMEs and web entrepreneurs by launching three transparent open calls. FI-ADOPT aims to attract the best small ICT players offering them high quality services including:- technical training and support based on FI-ADOPT s platform and live events- improved access to funding, by organising investor readiness webinars, investment readiness programs and pitching events- business knowledge transfer and marketing guidance to contribute towards their sustainability- communication with all stakeholders enabled by the set-up of the FI-ADOPT innovation family which include SMEs, user groups, policy makers, innovation accelerators, FI-PPP partners.FI-ADOPT has devised an effective dissemination strategy (which includes e.g. workshops and exhibitions) considering it mandatory for the uptake of the FI-PPP vision.FI-ADOPT will be coordinated by INTRASOFT which has the required competences and financial viability to handle the sub-project financing procedure and includes partners associated with networks of SMEs and connected to investors and venture capitals from different countries (EMC2, EAI, EUN and PLAYGEN) as well as partners highly involved in FI-PPP: ATOS, UPM, SYN.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: INFRA-2008-1.2.2 | Award Amount: 4.71M | Year: 2009
The goal of the SEALS project is to provide an independent and extensible infrastructure that allows the remote evaluation of semantic technologies and, therefore, the objective comparison of the different existing semantic technologies. This will allow researchers and users to effectively compare the available technologies, helping them to select appropriate technologies and advancing the state of the art through continuous evaluation.\n\nThe SEALS Platform will provide an integrated set of semantic technology evaluation services and test suites. They will be used in two public and world-wide evaluation campaigns. The results of these evaluation campaigns will be used to create semantic technology roadmaps identifying sets of efficient and compatible tools for developing large-scale semantic applications.\n\nThe semantic technology evaluation services will initially be available for five different types of technologies (ontology engineering tools, storage and reasoning systems, matching tools, semantic search tools, and semantic web service tools) and for different evaluation criteria (interoperability, scalability, etc.). The platform will provide easy and free access to the evaluation services and to the results of the evaluations performed.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: SGA-RIA | Phase: FETFLAGSHIP | Award Amount: 89.00M | Year: 2016
Understanding the human brain is one of the greatest scientific challenges of our time. Such an understanding can provide profound insights into our humanity, leading to fundamentally new computing technologies, and transforming the diagnosis and treatment of brain disorders. Modern ICT brings this prospect within reach. The HBP Flagship Initiative (HBP) thus proposes a unique strategy that uses ICT to integrate neuroscience data from around the world, to develop a unified multi-level understanding of the brain and diseases, and ultimately to emulate its computational capabilities. The goal is to catalyze a global collaborative effort. During the HBPs first Specific Grant Agreement (SGA1), the HBP Core Project will outline the basis for building and operating a tightly integrated Research Infrastructure, providing HBP researchers and the scientific Community with unique resources and capabilities. Partnering Projects will enable independent research groups to expand the capabilities of the HBP Platforms, in order to use them to address otherwise intractable problems in neuroscience, computing and medicine in the future. In addition, collaborations with other national, European and international initiatives will create synergies, maximizing returns on research investment. SGA1 covers the detailed steps that will be taken to move the HBP closer to achieving its ambitious Flagship Objectives.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT-2007-1.1-03;AAT-2007-4.2-03 | Award Amount: 10.79M | Year: 2008
FUTURE brings together European and international well reputed centres-of-excellence in order to reach major scientific & technical objectives in striving towards flutter-free turbomachine blades. By advancing the state-of-the-art in flutter prediction capabilities and design rules, the FUTURE project will lead to benefits in terms of decreased development cost, reduced weight and fuel consumption, and increased ability to efficiently manage flutter problems occurring on engines at service. Eight interconnected turbine and compressor experiments will be performed in the project, in combination with numerical modelling of vibrating blades and the related unsteady aerodynamics. Cascade experiments will be employed to study unsteady aerodynamic properties in detail. These tests are supporting more complex rotating turbomachinery tests (turbine and compressor) to study the addressed phenomenon in engine-typical environment. The knowledge from both component tests will be then condensed into best practice for both experimental and computational (CFD) set-ups, and will be used towards a combined effort of physical understanding of travelling waves and interferences between the vibrating structures and the surrounding fluid. The acquired knowledge is aimed to be employed by the aeroelastic specialists in the companies, research institutes and universities to identify updated and better aeromechanical design rules. In the process of reaching this unique knowledge status a sophisticated, not yet available, measuring technique will be developed, and a new excitation mechanism will be implemented as back-up to the free-flutter experiments. Furthermore, a unique database with combined structural and unsteady aerodynamic results will be established and made available for further dissemination among the partners. This database will contain significantly more detailed data than any other existing database in the world.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA | Phase: ENERGY.2013.10.1.5 | Award Amount: 13.28M | Year: 2014
Europe has invoked the SET-Plan to design and implement an energy technology policy for Europe to accelerate the development and deployment of cost-effective renewable energy systems, including photovoltaics. With lower cost of solar electricity, PV could significantly contribute to the achievements of the 20-20-20 objectives. The Joint Program on PV of the European Energy Research Alliance (EERA-PV) aims to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of PV R&D through alignment and joint programming of R&D of its member institutes, and to contribute to the R&D-needs of the Solar Europe Industry Initiative. In CHEETAH, all EERA-PV members will, through collaborative R&D activities, (1) focus on solving specific bottlenecks in the R&D Joint Program of EERA-PV, (2) strengthen the collaboration between PV R&D performers in Europe through sharing of knowledge, personnel and facilities, and (3) accelerate the implementation of developed technologies in the European PV industry. Specifically, CHEETAH R&D will support Pillar A (performance enhancement & energy cost reduction) of the SEII Implementation Plan, through materials optimization and performance enhancement. CHEETAHs objectives are threefold: 1) Developing new concepts and technologies for wafer-based crystalline silicon PV (modules with ultra-thin cells), thin-film PV (advanced light management) and organic PV (very low-cost barriers), resulting in (strongly) reduced cost of materials and increased module performance; 2) Fostering long-term European cooperation in the PV R&D sector, by organizing workshops, training of researchers, efficient use of infrastructures; 3) Accelerating the implementation of innovative technologies in the PV industry, by a strong involvement of EPIA and EIT-KIC InnoEnergy in the program It is the ambition of CHEETAH to develop technology and foster manufacturing capabilities so that Europe can regain and build up own manufacturing capacity in all parts of the value chain in due time.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.1 | Award Amount: 5.12M | Year: 2012
Europe is a world leader in innovative automotive systems with competencies covering the full supply chain from the main OEMs (Audi, BMW, Daimler, Fiat, PSA, RSA, VW) to Tier1 suppliers (Bosch, Continental, Magneti Marelli) to leading semiconductor companies (Infineon, ST). The vision for electronic automotive control units in 2020 is that the battery will supply multi-core Controllers via multiple power supplies using an on-chip, granular power management system architecture, known as PowerSoC (Power Supply on Chip). The PowerSwipe proposal will address a key roadblock for PowerSoC by, for the first time, miniaturising and integrating state-of-the-art, high density trench capacitor substrate technology with novel thin film magnetics on silicon to deliver a multi-component LC (inductor-capacitor) interposer which will be combined, in a 3D heterogeneous stack, using eWLB technology, with the Controller chip. To achieve this miniaturisation of the power passives, the switching frequency of the switched mode dc-dc converter needs to be increased from the traditional 1 to 5 MHz space (with 90%\ converter efficiency) into the 20MHz to 100MHz\ range, at which point the footprint of the power passives is comparable to the footprint of the individual on-chip DC-DC converter blocks (i.e. 1 to 2mm2). PowerSwipe will deliver a European supply chain for PowerSoC by addressing the challenges of system design, engineering, technology and manufacturability of integrated power management systems or PowerSoC (Power Supply on Chip) for nanoCMOS System on Chip (SOC).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: MG-5.5a-2015 | Award Amount: 19.31M | Year: 2016
The cities of Madrid, Stockholm, Munich, Turku and Ruse have formed the CIVITAS ECCENTRIC consortium to tackle the challenges of mobility in suburban districts and clean, silent and CO2 free city logistics. In many cities, these two important areas have received less attention in urban mobility policies. Though European cities have made significant steps forward in making city centres attractive and liveable urban nodes, there is a remaining conflict between providing high quality public space and meeting the accessibility requirements for freight deliveries. The suburban areas have remained largely unaddressed with a much higher car usage as a consequence. Recent or expected urban growth processes are posing additional pressure to peri-central areas, which face the specific challenges of: Becoming sufficiently appealing to avoid an unnecessary traffic flow towards to the city centre; Providing sustainable and high quality mobility options to enable and encourage car independent lifestyles; and Planning the urban future according to carbon neutral mobility principles. ECCENTRIC will demonstrate and test the potential and replicability of integrated and inclusive urban planning approaches, innovative policies and emerging technologies to reach sustainable urban mobility objectives. The solutions will be implemented in 5 living laboratory areas in the outskirts that face high population growth and an increasing pressure on the existing transport networks. As highlighted in the SUMPs of the ECCENTRIC cities, this action on a wider geographical scale than the city centre is needed in order to meet the targets of the Transport White Paper in terms of air quality, energy use and CO2 emissions, road casualties and wide uptake of clean vehicles. To reach CO2 free city logistics by 2030, ECCENTRIC will test clean vehicles and fuels, formulate new regulations and services and develop consolidation solutions in close partnerships with the private sector.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2011.6.2-3. | Award Amount: 2.68M | Year: 2011
This project will explore new airport concepts with radical and novel solutions to prepare airports for 2050 and beyond. It will build on the High Level Target Concepts (HLTC) from the Advisory Council for Aeronautics Research in Europe (ACARE) Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) 2. The SRA-2 underlines the importance of the air transport sector with respect to value added, Gross Domestic Product, jobs and people mobility. The airport plays a vital role in the Air Transport System (ATS). The future airport will have to meet different objectives amongst other in the area of environment, costs and performance. Each airport is likely to have a focus on one of these areas that can vary between different airports. Therefore, the 2050\ Airport project develops three different airport concepts (passenger time efficient, climate neutral and low cost) that demonstrate what the future airport will look like when taking one of the areas as the leading objective. The project shows the benefits and challenges of the different concepts and the trade-offs between the different areas to be made. The airport concepts describe the interface between the aircraft and the ground and the new principles for the airport layout including intermodal connections. The passenger and the baggage will experience a seamless travel through the 2050\ airport. The approach is to develop concrete concepts taking into account input from existing studies like the out of the box project and input from other stakeholders like universities, research institutes, airports and industry. The project provides a scientific methodology to develop and evaluate innovative airport concepts. The output of the project shows which step change innovation is proposed to prepare the different types of airports for the second half of this century.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-1.2-2015 | Award Amount: 6.70M | Year: 2016
TurboNoiseBB aims to deliver reliable prediction methodologies and noise reduction technologies in order to allow European Aerospace industries: to design low-noise aircraft to meet societys needs for more environmentally friendly air transport to win global leadership for European aeronautics with a competitive supply chain. The project is focusing on fan broadband (BB) noise sources and will offer the possibility to acquire an experimental database mandatory to validate the Computational Fluid Dynamics and Aero Acoustic (CAA) simulations from the sound sources to the radiation from aircraft engines. It fully exploits the methodology successfully developed starting from FP5 programmes, TurboNoiseCFD and AROMA and also associated FP6 (SILENCE(R), PROBAND, OPENAIR) and FP7 (FLOCON, TEENI, ENOVAL) proposals. TurboNoiseBB has 3 main objectives. 1. To acquire appropriate CAA validation data on a representative test model. In addition different approaches for measuring the BB far-field noise levels in the rear arc (bypass duct contribution) will be assessed to help define future requirements for European turbofan test facilities. 2. To apply and validate CAA codes with respect to fan & turbine BB noise. 3. To design novel low BB noise fan systems by means of state-of-the-art design and prediction tools. The combination of partners from industry, research \ university combined with the excellence of the EU most versatile test facility for aero and noise forms the basis for the successful validation and exploitation of CAA methods, crucial for quicker implementation of future low noise engine concepts. TurboNoiseBB will deliver validated industry-exploitable aeroacoustic design \ prediction tools related to BB noise emissions from aircraft nacelle intakes \ exhaust nozzles, allowing EU industry to leap-frog NASA-funded technology developments in the US. It will also deliver a technical assessment on the way forward for European turbofan noise testing.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: INCO-2007-1.4 | Award Amount: 3.06M | Year: 2008
EULARINET (Co-ordinating Latin America Research and Innovation NETworks) goal is to strengthen bi-regional dialogue on S&T between EU Member States (MS) and Latin American Partner Countries (LAPC) at policy, programme and institutional (research entities) level, thus contributing to a three fold objective: a) promote the joint identification, setting up, implementation and monitoring of mutual interest priorities in following versions of future work programmes across the Specific Programmes of FP7. b) joint definition of S&T co-operation policies c) support and stimulate the participation of LAPC in FP7 EULARINET will establish a co-ordination platform bringing together the key EU and LA policy makers and programme managers, as well as representatives of research entities, universities and the private sector, eminent researchers and representatives of the civil society, to set up dialogue fora at different levels, leading to the identification of S&T and defining specific activities to promote, support and stimulate participation of LA researchers in FP7. As political background, EULARINET will consider and develop the on going EU LA dialogue on S&T, since the Ro Summit in June 1999, the ALCUEs Brasilia Action Plan for S&T Co-operation, the Guadalajara Declaration to set up the EU LA Knowledge Area and finally the Vienna Summit in 2006 and the conclusions of the preparatory Senior Officials meeting in Salzburg, as a basis to go further in the practical implementation and updating of the existent policy guidelines.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST-2007-3.2-01 | Award Amount: 25.69M | Year: 2008
The European Bus System of the Future (EBSF) project is conceived as a driver to increase the attractiveness and raise the image of the bus systems in urban areas, by means of new technologies on vehicles and infrastructure in combination with operational best practices, in a system approach. For the first time in European research, these concepts are fully endorsed by all stakeholders, with all major bus manufacturers joining their industrial capabilities along with operators and authorities pooling together in this pre-competitive research project. This project is funded on the consideration that the bus still remains the most universal solution for balanced and sustainable urban development from an economic, environmental and social standpoint, serving 80% of the total European Public Transport. The research will conceive and develop an innovative high quality bus system which will demonstrate the full potential of a new generation of urban bus networks, using state of the art clean vehicular technologies. It will integrate all necessary elements and include a breakthrough design of vehicles, infrastructures and operations placing emphasis on system approach, and identifying the potential for technical harmonisation and standardisation. The project focuses on the bus system in urban and suburban areas. For this reason all the features of the traditional bus services will be examined and developed in conjunction with the relationships between itself and the other modes of transport, in order to concentrate the objectives of the project on the development and improvement of all the characteristics of the EU Bus System of the Future. During its 48 months lifetime, the project will produce several outputs of two main families: Practical and Theoretical deliverables. The former include the results of activities aiming at technology development, and their integration, whereas the latter include concepts, tools, simulations, specifications, and recommendations
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP-SICA | Phase: ENV.2009.1.1.5.2 | Award Amount: 3.67M | Year: 2010
The WASSERMed project will analyse, in a multi-disciplinary way, ongoing and future climate induced changes in hydrological budgets and extremes in southern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East under the frame of threats to national and human security. A climatic and hydrological component directly addresses the reduction of uncertainty and quantification of risk. This component will provide an interface to other climatologic projects and models, producing climate change scenarios for the Mediterranean and Southern Europe, with special emphasis on precipitation. Five case studies will be considered: 1) Syros Island (Greece), 2) Sardinia Island (Italy), 3) Merguellil watershed (Tunisia), 4) Jordan river basin, and 5) the Nile River system (Egypt). The case studies are illustrative and represent situations which deserve special attention, due to their relevance to national and human security. Furthermore, impacts on key strategic sectors, such as agriculture and tourism, will be considered, as well as macroeconomic implications of water availability in terms of regional income, consumption, investment, trade flows, industrial structure and competitiveness. WASSERMed is an interdisciplinary project, which overall aims at all three targets of the call, through the integration of climate change scenarios, holistic water system modelling and interdisciplinary impact assessment, with three main contributions: a) Integration of climate change scenarios, holistic water system modelling. This provides results for reduction of uncertainties of climate change impacts on hydrology in the identified regions; b) Interdisciplinary approach, coupling macroeconomic implications and technical indicators. This provides a better assessment of climate effects to water resources, water uses and expected security risks; c) Proposal of specific adaptation measures for key sectors of the Mediterranean economy. This provides better basis for achieving water security.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2013.4.2 | Award Amount: 2.60M | Year: 2014
The objective of the RETHINK big project is to bring together the key European hardware, networking, and system architects with the key producers and consumers of Big Data to identify the industry coordination points that will maximize European competitiveness in the processing and analysis of Big Data over the next 10 years. Specifically, RETHINK big will deliver a strategic roadmap for how technology advancements in hardware and networking can be exploited for the purpose of data analytics while also taking into consideration advancements in applications, algorithms and systems.\n\nIn this project, we will not carry out actual research on Hardware optimizations for Big Data, but rather survey the landscape of opportunities and propose a strategic roadmap from that landscape. The outcome of the project will be a series of detailed (mentioning specific technologies), realistic (considering our 10-year timeline), verifiable (including target metrics) and coordinated technology development recommendations that would be in the best interest of European Big Data companies to undertake in concert as a matter of competitive advantage.\n\nPractically speaking, the roadmap will be produced as a result of area specific and cross-functional working groups meetings and congresses. We will initially identify and evaluate the existing competencies across European Big Data application domains and technology providers in Europe and then identify the key European stakeholders, or the established and up-and-coming institutions that possess or are developing the technologies, processes or services that map to these competencies. From these stakeholder institutions, we will select technology and business experts that will chart the technological advancements, their respective challenges and the potential business opportunities that they present. These experts will not only share an interest in defining a credible roadmap, but also hold the decision-making power within their respective institutions (and collectively) to implement that roadmap.\n\nAt the highest level, this project will identify and evaluate the existing competencies across European Big Data Hardware and Networking technology sectors and application domains and prioritize the complementary interests and the shared opportunities that allow all key industrial stakeholder companies to unlock the highest return on their respective investments; it will result in a roadmap that would be irrational not to follow.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FoF-ICT-2013.7.2 | Award Amount: 14.01M | Year: 2013
During more than 50 years of the laser existence, they have been proved as the unique tool for diverse material processing application. New application ideas, coming from universities and research institutions, are usually implemented by spin-off companies with limited resources for market penetration. Research laboratories are using universal laser tools, while effective and low-cost production requires adaptation of the processes and equipment during the technology assessment by the end-user.\nThe APPOLO project seeks to establish and coordinate connections between the end-users, which have demand on laser technologies for (micro)fabrication, knowledge accumulated in the application laboratories of the research institutes, as well as universities and the laser equipment manufacturers (preferable SMEs) of novel lasers, beam control and guiding, etc. The goal is to facilitate faster validation of the process feasibility and adaptation of the equipment for manufacturing, as well as assessment of the selected production processes. The core of the consortium comprises laser application laboratories around Europe which are connected into a virtual hub to accumulate knowledge and infrastructure and promote the easy-to-access environment for the development and validation of laser-based technologies. All the partners have chosen a few directions for the assessment of novel laser technologies: in ultra-short pulse laser scribing for monolithic interconnections in thin film CIGS solar cells - from lasers to pilot lines; use of the lasers and intelligent scanning in smart surface texturing for automotive and printing/decoration industries and for 3D flexible electronics.\nImplementation of the APPOLO project will help the partners from European photonics industry to preserve their competitiveness and penetrate new niches on the global market. The equipment builders for automotive, photovoltaics, electronics and printing industries will benefit from faster integration of innovative technologies which will provide the new-quality consumer products, including low-cost and high-efficiency solar cells, comfortable interior and functionality of cars, smart sensors for environmental monitoring and more.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.6 | Award Amount: 5.01M | Year: 2008
Leveraging diverse technologies in a coherent future Internet test bed is difficult. Extending the reach of such a test bed to people living in remote areas, that have special complex requirements, adds to the challenge. The target of the N4C project is the deployment and testing of ubiquitous and pervasive networking for communications challenged areas in a manner consistent with an overall vision for a future Internet that can encompass not just users and applications in well connected regions, but that can also reach out to rural areas. To achieve this goal N4C will make opportunistic use a range of communications access methods, but with a special focus on the presently evolving Delay and Disruption Tolerant Networking (DTN) architecture and related technologies that have mainly been developed by the Internet Research Task Force (IRTF) DTN community. DTN technology will be used to meet some specific goals for future Internet scenarios like methods of delivering information on global warming in almost inaccessible areas and providing means for including remote populations in future Internet society thus contributing to EC objectives eInclusion and Broadband for all. A set of initial applications with specialized software and hardware will be tested in Smi/Lapland in northern Sweden where a nomadic way of life is common and in Kocevje region in Slovenia. This will evolve into an on-going test bed for applications providing communications in challenged areas. The intent is that N4C will become an extension of a more general federated future Internet test bed for use in more traditionally connected regions. N4C will demonstrate sustainable business models for deployment of its outcomes. The impetus of working together in the FP7 framework will significantly improve the utility of the results by ensuring that they are applicable to several differing scenarios and assist with the goal of giving European leadership in the standardization of DTN technology.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FI.ICT-2011.1.7 | Award Amount: 68.51M | Year: 2011
The goal of the FI-WARE project is to advance the global competitiveness of the EU economy by introducing an innovative infrastructure for cost-effective creation and delivery of services, providing high QoS and security guarantees. FI-WARE is designed to meet the demands of key market stakeholders across many different sectors, e.g., healthcare, telecommunications, and environmental services. FI-WARE unites major European industrial actors. The key deliverables of FI-WARE will be an open architecture and a reference implementation of a novel service infrastructure, building upon generic and reusable building blocks developed in earlier research projects. We will demonstrate how this infrastructure supports emerging Future Internet (FI) services in multiple Usage Areas, and will exhibit significant and quantifiable improvements in the productivity, reliability and cost of service development and delivery building a true foundation for the Future Internet. From an architectural perspective, FI-WARE is based on the following main foundations: Service Delivery Framework the infrastructure to create, publish, manage and consume FI services across their life cycle, addressing all technical and business aspects. Cloud Hosting the fundamental layer which provides the computation, storage and network resources, upon which services are provisioned and managed. Support Services the facilities for effective accessing, processing, and analyzing massive streams of data, and semantically classifying them into valuable knowledge. IoT Enablement the bridge whereby FI services interface and leverage the ubiquity of heterogeneous, resource-constrained devices in the Internet of Things. Interface to Networks open interfaces to networks and devices, providing the connectivity needs of services delivered across the platform. Security the mechanisms which ensure that the delivery and usage of services is trustworthy and meets security and privacy requirements.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.5.1 | Award Amount: 3.18M | Year: 2013
PERSSILAA develops and validates a new service model, to screen for and prevent frailty in community dwelling older adults, integrating nutrition, physical and cognitive function. PERSSILAA develops remote service modules for screening, monitoring and training. Screening - easy to use tools to get an overall picture of a persons health status. Monitoring - unobtrusive monitoring of everyday functioning. Training - remotely available health promotion programs. PERSSILAA innovates the way our care services are organized from fragmented reactive disease management into preventive personalized services offered through local community services, supported by a proactive team of caregivers and health professionals and integrated into existing healthcare services. PERSSILAA realizes a technical service infrastructure to support these multiple services and users in an efficient, reliable, easy to use way and therefore works on gamification, interoperability and clinical decision support. PERSSILAA builds on activities within European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Aging and on results of various earlier European projects. There is continuous end user involvement and evaluation with 350 older adults in real implementation environments in Enschede (the Netherlands) and Campania region (Italy) to ensure increasing system efficiency and easy end user acceptance. Outcomes focus on daily activities, quality of life and risk of hospitalisation. PERSSILAA builds business models for sustainable implementation and develops recommendations for European guidelines. The consortium (8 partners/5 countries) provides a unique skills mix, merging social, medical and technological sciences with industry, academia and end user organisations.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.1.6 | Award Amount: 5.29M | Year: 2013
BRIDGET will open new dimensions for multimedia content creation and consumption by enhancing broadcast programmes with bridgets: links from the programme you are watching to external interactive media elements such as web pages, images, audio clips, different types of video (2D, multi-view, with depth information, free viewpoint) and synthetic 3D models.Bridgets can be: created automatically or manually by broadcasters, either from their own content (e.g., archives, Internet and other services) or from wider Internet sources; created by end users, either from their local archives or from Internet content; transmitted in the broadcast stream or independently; filtered by a recommendation engine based on user profile, relevance, quality, etc.; enjoyed on the common main screen or a private second screen, in a user-centric and immersive manner, e.g., within 3D models allowing users to place themselves inside an Augmented Reality (AR) scene at the exact location from which the linked content was captured.To deliver the above, BRIDGET will develop: a hybrid broadcast/Internet architecture; a professional Authoring Tool (AT) to generate bridgets and dynamic AR scenes with spatialised audio; an easy-to-use AT for end users; a player to select bridgets, and consume and navigate the resulting dynamic AR scenes.The AT and player will use a range of sophisticated and innovative technologies extending state-of-the-art media analysis and visual search, and 3D scene reconstruction, which will enable customised and context-adapted hybrid broadcast/Internet services offering enhanced interactive, multi-screen, social and immersive content for new forms of AR experiences. BRIDGET tools will be based on and contribute to international standards, thus ensuring the creation of a true horizontal market and ecosystem for connected TV and contributed media applications.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: INFRA-2007-3.0-03 | Award Amount: 1.25M | Year: 2008
GLOBAL - Global Linkage Over BroadbAnd Links will provide a virtual conference center using advanced communication technologies and concepts to support the promotion of e-infrastructure topics around the world.\nThe GLOBAL project can be condensed in 4 objectives:\n Objective 1: Providing the Virtual Conference Center Collaborative e-Infrastructure\n Objective 2: Realising of Global Networking Sessions\n Objective 3: Disseminating the Results and Providing Sustainability\n Objective 4: Providing Services for Third Parties\nThe members of the consortium have a large experience in organising virtual events.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2009-3.4-1 | Award Amount: 8.89M | Year: 2010
In the last two decades, a precise management of agricultural land has been made possible due to the availability of new technologies, including global positioning systems (GPS), geographic information systems (GIS), sensors, automation of agricultural machinery, and high resolution image sensing. As a result, the concept of Precision Agriculture has emerged as the management strategy that uses information technologies to collect and process data from multiple sources in order to facilitate decisions associated with crop production. Moreover, the EUs sixth environmental action programme addresses the need to encourage farmers to change their use of plant protection products . RHEA is focused on the design, development, and testing of a new generation of automatic and robotic systems for both chemical and physical mechanical and thermal effective weed management focused on both agriculture and forestry, and covering a large variety of European products including agriculture wide row crops (processing tomato, maize, strawberry, sunflower and cotton), close row crops (winter wheat and winter barley) and forestry woody perennials (walnut trees, almond trees, olive groves and multipurpose open woodland). RHEA aims at diminishing the use of agricultural chemical inputs in a 75%, improving crop quality, health and safety for humans, and reducing production costs by means of sustainable crop management using a fleet of small, heterogeneous robots ground and aerial equipped with advanced sensors, enhanced end-effectors and improved decision control algorithms. RHEA can be considered as a cooperative robotic system, falling within an emerging area of research and technology with a large number of applications as reported by the FP6 Network of Excellence EURON, Special Interest Group on Cooperative Robotics, funded by the European Commission. RHEA will be a unique opportunity to gather a very large number of multidisciplinary research groups with adequate funds to accomplish an authentic step forward in applying precision agriculture techniques in a massive way. This consortium joints a number of multidisciplinary, experienced researchers capable of improving individual scientific knowledge, but a large cooperation project is demanded to sum up the individual efforts in a holistic manner. The success of RHEA could bring a new means of applying automatic systems to agriculture and forestry crops with an important impact in improving the economy and environment as well as in maintaining the sustainability of rural areas by launching new technological jobs.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: Fission-2008-1.2.1 | Award Amount: 4.03M | Year: 2009
Besides the European Global Energy Policy, the European Council adopted an action plan that covers nuclear technologies and supports research in order to further improve nuclear safety and the management of radioactive waste. To obtain a more efficient and sustainable management of radioactive waste and hence reduce the burden on geological storage, one can apply partitioning and transmutation independently of future commitment or not to nuclear energy. Within European Union many R&D organisations and industries are conducting since a decade strong R&D in the Partitioning &Transmutation (P&T) field with substantial support from the European Commission. Fostering the European efforts towards a major facility realisation would be very beneficial. This will speed up the development and put Europe at lead in this field. The design of a fast spectrum transmutation experimental facility (FASTEF), able to demonstrate efficient transmutation and associated technology through a system working in subcritical mode (ADS) and/or critical mode, is thus the next step after FP6 IP-EUROTRANS. In the vision report of the Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technological Platform, the need was clearly expressed for a fast-spectrum experimental system to support the development and demonstration of an alternative technology to sodium. Therefore, FASTEF is proposed to be designed to an advanced level for decision to embark for its construction at the horizon of 2012 with the following objectives: to demonstrate the ADS technology and the efficient transmutation of high level waste; to operate as a flexible irradiation facility; to contribute to the demonstration of the Lead Fast Reactor technology without jeopardising the above objectives. The work programme is subdivided in 5 WPs: WP0: Management of the Project WP1: Definition of specifications and detailed work programme of FASTEF WP2: Design of the FASTEF in sub-critical & critical mode WP3: Plant Requirements WP4: Key issues towards realisation
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: ECSEL-RIA | Phase: ECSEL-01-2014 | Award Amount: 17.29M | Year: 2015
Nowadays, the major part of offshore operations is done by divers in dangerous missions. Since their number is limited, the dependency on their work represents a real threat to the offshore industry. The extended use of unmanned underwater vehicles (AUVs/ROVs) could solve this problem but since they are usually tailor-made for a specific task and difficult to operate their deployment is very expensive. The overall goal of the SWARMs project is to expand the use of AUVs/ROVs and facilitate the creation, planning and execution of maritime and offshore operations. This will reduce the operational cost and increase the safety of tasks assigned to divers. The SWARMs project aims to make AUVs/ROVs accessible to more users by: Enabling AUVs/ROVs to work in a cooperative mesh thus opening up new applications and ensuring re-usability as no specialized vehicles are needed but heterogeneous standard vehicles can combine their capabilities, Increasing the autonomy of AUVs and improving the usability of ROVs The approach is to design and develop an integrated platform (a set of Software/Hardware components), incorporated into the current generation of underwater vehicles in order to improve autonomy, cooperation, robustness, cost-effectiveness, and reliability of the offshore operations. SWARMs achievements will be demonstrated in two field tests in different scenarios: Inspection, maintenance and repair of offshore infrastructure Pollution monitoring Offshore construction operations SWARMs is an industry-led project: big technology companies will collaborate with SMEs specialized in the subsea, robotics and communication sectors and universities and research institutions to ensure that the newest innovations in subsea robotics will arrive fast to market. As voice of the customer, two end-users are also part of the consortium.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: COMPET-5-2016 | Award Amount: 1.57M | Year: 2016
This proposal intends to make a ground-breaking advance in magnetometry with the development of a new portable and compact multi-sensor instrument for on ground exploration which measures the complex susceptibility with high resolution. The combination of complex susceptibility and vector measurements would provide for the first time a complete and non-invasive in situ magnetic characterization of rocks from planetary surface and subsurfaces. These topics represent a challenge since present magnetic prospectionsare principally based on measurements of magnetic field intensities and on ground surveys have never been complemented with in situ measurements of complex susceptibility. In the design of such an instrument the consortium will include two important innovative developments: on the one hand a challenging system of frequency generation and measurement (ultra precise and with accuracies better than 1:106), and on the other hand an original system for the power generation of multiple voltages based on magnetic amplifiers which apart from being intrinsically immune to radiation, are expected to improve the energy efficiency. NEWTON project will open a breach for magnetic instrumentation on board landers and rovers with the inclusion of novel instrument in short-term and mid-term future missions.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: EE-16-2015 | Award Amount: 1.80M | Year: 2016
SCOoPE project will work directly with energy-intense agro-food industries to implement cross-cutting and collaborative energy management systems addressed to reduce their energy consumption, and will further spread this knowledge within technicians, businesses managers, and energy and agro-food institutions. The project SCOoPE aims at achieving the challenges of the topic EE 16-2014/2015. Regarding the use of cost-effective energy solutions, the project objective is to reduce energy consumption at a short term in a range between 10% and 15% directly in 81 businesses belonging to the agro-food target sectors of the project (namely crop drying, meat and poultry, dairy, and fruit and vegetables transformation). This reduction must be achieved without any decrease in the production capacity of the companies and maintaining correct socioeconomic and environmental conditions. In order to do that, the project will work with the uptake of specific and cross-cutting innovative technologies and techniques, which efficacy has been proven in other industrial sectors, different from agro-food sector, but that are not yet familiar to projects target sectors. On the other hand, the project pursues larger savings in the medium term with new affordable energy solutions, specifically by developing the concept of Collaborative Energy Management Systems. It will take advantage of complementarities and synergies between analysed industrial sites with similar characteristics and will use them for the improvement of their joint energy efficiency. For this purpose, 6 pilot industrial clusters will be run in order to prove the improvements of total energy consumptions and its associated costs, achieved by using common procedures based on ISO 50.001 and supported by an specific software (Dashboard) developed by the project. All these experiences will be promoted to encourage target groups to reduce their energy consumption, following the example of the directly involved companies.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: PHC-28-2015 | Award Amount: 5.00M | Year: 2016
Personal health systems for the management of chronic diseases have seen giant leaps in development over recent years. These systems offer vital sign monitoring and therapy delivery at home, focusing on the primary physical disease conditions. However, they do not provide support for early mood assessment or psychological treatment and lack a real-time comprehensive assessment of the patients mental status. Depression is the third leading contributor to global diseases, and depressive mood state is also considered to be strictly related to the onset or worsening of a severe primary somatic disease. Indeed effective preventive medicine related to the onset of depressive symptoms as a comorbidity and worsening factor of psychosomatic diseases such as myocardial infarction, leg-amputation, cancer, and kidney failure is lacking. NEVERMIND sets out to empower people who suffer from symptoms of depression related to a serious somatic disease by placing them at the center of their mental healthcare. Equipped with just a smartphone and a lightweight sensitized shirt, patients seeking care and treatment for their mental illnesses interact with these devices that collect data about their mental and physical health, to then get effective feedback. Lifestyle factors, i.e. diet, physical activity and sleep hygiene, play a significant mediating role in the development, progression and treatment of depression, and in NEVERMIND will be monitored by a real-time Decision Support System running locally on the patients smartphone, predicting the severity and onset of depressive symptoms, by processing physiological data, body movement, speech, and the recurrence of social interactions. The data will trigger a response encouraging the patient to conduct or alter activities or lifestyle to reduce the occurrence and severity of depressive symptoms. The final aim is to bring this system to the market, giving people the tools to control their depression and unburden their minds.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: BG-09-2016 | Award Amount: 15.49M | Year: 2016
The overall objective of INTAROS is to develop an integrated Arctic Observation System (iAOS) by extending, improving and unifying existing systems in the different regions of the Arctic. INTAROS will have a strong multidisciplinary focus, with tools for integration of data from atmosphere, ocean, cryosphere and terrestrial sciences, provided by institutions in Europe, North America and Asia. Satellite earth observation data plays an increasingly important role in such observing systems, because the amount of EO data for observing the global climate and environment grows year by year. In situ observing systems are much more limited due to logistical constraints and cost limitations. The sparseness of in situ data is therefore the largest gap in the overall observing system. INTAROS will assess strengths and weaknesses of existing observing systems and contribute with innovative solutions to fill some of the critical gaps in the in situ observing network. INTAROS will develop a platform, iAOS, to search for and access data from distributed databases. The evolution into a sustainable Arctic observing system requires coordination, mobilization and cooperation between the existing European and international infrastructures (in-situ and remote including space-based), the modeling communities and relevant stakeholder groups. INTAROS will include development of community-based observing systems, where local knowledge is merged with scientific data. An integrated Arctic Observation System will enable better-informed decisions and better-documented processes within key sectors (e.g. local communities, shipping, tourism, fisheries), in order to strengthen the societal and economic role of the Arctic region and support the EU strategy for the Arctic and related maritime and environmental policies.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC1-PM-18-2016 | Award Amount: 5.00M | Year: 2016
PULSE (Participatory Urban Living for Sustainable Environments) will leverage diverse data sources and big data analytics to transform public health from a reactive to a predictive system, and from a system focused on surveillance to an inclusive and collaborative system supporting health equity. Working within five global cities, PULSE will harvest open city data, and data from health systems, urban and remote sensors, personal devices and social media to enable evidence-driven and timely management of public health events and processes. The clinical focus of the project will be respiratory diseases (asthma) and metabolic diseases (Type 2 Diabetes) in adult populations. The project will develop risk stratification models based on modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors in each urban location, taking account of biological, behavioural, social and environmental risk factors. Following the recommendations of WHO Europe (2015), the project will also focus on the development of metrics, and data-driven approaches, to community resilience and well-being in cities. Deploying a Health in All Policies (HiAP) perspective, and a whole-of-city model, the project will integrate and analyze data from the health, environment, planning and transport sectors in each city. PULSE will pioneer the development and testing of dynamic spatio-temporal health impact assessments using geolocated population-based data. PULSE will also develop simulation models of potential policy scenarios to allow decision-makers, citizens and businesses to ascertain the impact of proposed policies. The project will culminate in the establishment of Public Health Observatories in each urban location. These observatories will serve as linked hubs that utilize knowledge-driven processes and big data to shape intersectoral public policy and service provision, support citizen health, and encourage entrepreneurship in the fields of data science and mobile health.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: PHC-30-2015 | Award Amount: 4.84M | Year: 2016
Cancers of the Head and Neck Region (HNC) are the 6th more deadly cancers worldwide: in Europe ~150.000 new cases are detected and ~70.000 patients die every year. The main reasons for high mortality are the fact that the majority of cases are diagnosed in advanced Stage and the intrinsic heterogeneity of such tumors. At present the only adopted treatment decision method is based on TNM (Tumor-lymph-Nodes-Metastasis) prognostic system, that considers only a few risk factors such as smoking, alcohol abuse and more recently HPV. The TNM system is therefore inadequate to capture the patient-specific biomolecular characteristics of the tumor. HNC treatments can have hard impact on patients aesthetics and functionalities and, due to their toxicity, can cause severe morbidity and greatly deteriorate patients quality of life. A more precise prognostic prediction than the current TNM system is needed that allows implementing the first-line treatment that maximizes the therapeutic result and minimizes the impacts of therapy. BD2Decide DSS provides clinicians with the means and all the necessary information to tailor treatment and care delivery pathway to each and any HNC patient during their usual practice, in contrast to current one-size-fits-all approach. BD2Decide realizes and validates an Integrated Decision Support System that links population-specific epidemiology and behavioral data, patient-specific genomic, pathology, clinical and imaging data with big data techniques, multiscale prognostic models. Advanced graphical visualization tools are developed for prognostic data disclosure and patient co-participation to the selected treatment. BD2Decide will improve the clinical decision process, uncover new patient-specific patterns that can improve care, and create a virtuous circle of learning. A multicentric clinical study with more than 1.000 patients will be used to validate the system.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETPROACT-01-2016 | Award Amount: 4.24M | Year: 2017
Planning and mental simulation of actions and outcomes are a major cognitive trait of humans. We predict action consequences and perform goal-directed actions in proactive, forward-looking ways. By contrast, systems that lack predictive planning are reactive and dominated by reflex-like, cumbersome behaviors. Most currently existing brain-machine-interfaces (BMI) fall into this category. Plan4Act sets out to go beyond this by inferring actions from action-predicting neural activity of complex action sequences. Neurophysiology in non-human primates recently revealed that such encoding is far more widespread than previously thought. The goal of the Plan4Act project is to record and understand predictive neural activity and use it to proactively control devices in a smart house. The far-future vision behind this is to endow motor-impaired patients with the ability to plan a daily-life goal like making coffee and achieve it without having to invoke one by one every single individual action to reach this goal. To approach this complex problem, we record multi-unit action predicting activity in macaques (WP1), model this by adaptive neural networks (WP2), design therefrom an embedded (FPGA-based) controller (WP3), and interface it with a smart house (WP4) to control action sequences with a clear look-ahead property. The main outcome of this project is a system that integrates the above components at TRL4 for which we quantify improved reaction speed and robustness of this type of proactive BMI control. The understanding and use of predictive neural signals for machine control is novel and methods, algorithms, and hardware developed to translate predictive planning from neural activity to technology create the major general impact of this project. Potential translational and commercial interests will be assessed by our industrial partner, where specifically the embedded controller and its smart house interface are expected to create near-future commercial impact, too.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: PHC-25-2015 | Award Amount: 3.43M | Year: 2016
There are many efforts at European level to improve our ability to monitor health and to prevent, detect, treat and manage disease so that active and healthy ageing can be promoted. In this project, breakthrough research and radical innovation on new services for integrated care is achieved by means of an efficient and cost-effective service-oriented ICT-based collaborative platform which exploits latest advances in sensorization, processing, communications and personalized HMI. ICT4Life will develop a modular Health Service Platform that will allow the provision, easily and in an adaptive way, of 6 ICT4Life Cluster Services for integrated care according to different end-user needs. Addressing the priorities of the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing, a multidisciplinary approach which integrates expertise and knowledge of medical doctors, nurses, social workers, psychologists, physiotherapists, social scientists, patients as well as programmers and interaction designers is proposed. It relies, from a general perspective, on: New training models for the care workforce; advanced multisensory-based analytics and integration with biomedical devices to have patient activity and health status information; Feedback-based decision-making engine to integrate patient and care provider data; Improve natural interaction mechanisms with patients with interfaces through television with Android TV possibilities, smartphones and desktop applications; Knowledge creation about co-morbidities. Focusing on real medical problems, people with Dementia, Alzheimer or Parkinson disease, constitute the main group of users ICT4Life will focus the analysis on. ICT4Life validation will be done in real use case scenarios in 3 European countries of all this pathologies in order to validate ICT4Life services, measure effects of treatment and project developments and to evaluate knowledge acquired about co-morbidities of these diseases.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC5-13-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 6.98M | Year: 2016
The main economic, technological and environmental challenges of small mining include reducing high investment costs, reducing generation of waste and large tailings, identifying and addressing environmental impacts, and improving flexibility, automation and safety of operations. However, at the moment, there is no quick-fix available to reduce the environmental impact from mines, and it is neither realistic to expect production solutions very distant from todays technologies. Considering that the present mining technology is based on rock blasting and mobile mining equipment for loading and transportation, the major challenge is to generate a new sustainable systemic solution that affects positively the relevant mining value chain. SLIM aims to develop a cost-effective and sustainable selective low impact mining solution based on non-linear rock mass fragmentation by blasting models, airborne particulate matter, vibration affections and nitrate leaching mitigation actions for exploitation of small mineral deposits (including those with chemically complex ore-forming phases) through a new generation of explosives and an advanced automatic blast design software based on improved rock mass characterisation and fragmentation models for optimum fragmentation and minimum rock damage and far-field vibrations. SLIM consortium is led by UPM (es), with LTU (se), MUL (at) and TUG (at) as Research Insitutions, 3GSM (at - Rock fragmentation and blasting software), MAXAM (es - Explosives), ORGIVA (es - Fluorite mine) and ERZBERG (at - Iron mine) and ARNO (es - Quarry) as validators in relevant environment. BRGM (fr), INVESTORNET (dk), MINPOL (at), and ZABALA (es) complement the Environmental and Economic assessments, the Communication and Dissemination activities and Social Awareness actions. SLIM addresses the following issue: a) Sustainable selective low impact mining (2016), it has a planned duration of 48 months and a budget of 6,979,200 requesting 6,979,200 of EU funding.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: PHC-21-2015 | Award Amount: 4.47M | Year: 2015
The first and core objective of City4Age is to enable Ambient Assisted Cities or Age-friendly Cities, where the urban communities of elderly people living in Smart Cities are provided with a range of ICT tools and services that - in a completely unobtrusive manner - will improve the early detection of risks related to cognitive impairments and frailty while they are at home or in the move within the city. The second objective is to provide a range of associated tools and services which - with the appropriate interventions - will mitigate the detected risks. The final objective of C4A is to define a model which will provide sustainability and extensibility to the offered services and tools by addressing the unmet needs of the elderly population in terms of (i) detecting risks related to other health type problems, (ii) stimulating and providing incentives to remain active, involved and engaged, (iii) creating an ecosystem for multi-sided market by matching needs and their fulfillments, (iv) contributing to the design and operation of the ultimate Age-friendly City, where the city itself provides support for detecting risks and providing interventions to those affected by mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and frailty. To achieve these objectives City4Age builds on: - behavioural, sociological and clinical research on frailty and MCI in the elderly population; - state of art ICT technology (i) for sensing personal data and exposing them as linked open data, (ii) for designing the algorithms and the APIs to extract relevant behaviour changes and correlated risks, and (iii) for designing interventions to counter the risks, - stakeholder engagement in order to be driven by relevant user needs to ensure end-user acceptance.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: Shift2Rail-CSA | Phase: S2R-OC-IP4-01-2016 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2016
The establishment of good governance will effectively secure the confidence of the industry to use the Interoperability Framework (IF) semantic technologies that will be established under the IP4 Shift2Rail program. The objective of the Governance of the IF for Rail and Intermodal Mobility (GoF4R) project is to define sustainable governance for the IF that will create the right conditions to introduce seamless mobility services and foster the development of multi-modal travel services. GoF4R will help to overcome obstacles currently impeding development of market innovation by fostering a large acceptance of the semantic web for transportation. The objectives will be achieved through a partnership of specialist participants including research institutions, a major European rail operator, industry associations representing the passenger and multi-modal transport sectors and public transportation authorities. Participants, who are also involved in the consortium of designers for the IF, will focus on the establishment of sustainable governance that will promote community confidence. The governance structure will create the basis for long term stability and controlled future evolution of the IF, promoting industry confidence so that it is attractive to invest in future products and services. The project encompasses all current and future stakeholders who will exploit the IF as described in the Shift2Rail Multi Annual Action Plan, contributing to the realisation of a distributed semantic web of transport integrating the TAP-TSI specifications as one of its elements. The governance models proposed in GoF4R will assure the interests of European travellers by fostering market uptake by mobility service providers. It will facilitate new business opportunities for improved mobility and travel related services and improve the incorporation of new stakeholders in the European arena by removing technological, administrative and economic boundaries.
Fernandez J.A.,Technical University of Madrid
River Research and Applications | Year: 2011
This paper evaluates the causes and effects of the hydrogeomorphological alteration of the central reach of the Ebro River (NE Spain). The Ebro River is one of the largest Mediterranean rivers. In this reach, it develops a meandering planform in a wide floodplain. Geographic Information System (GIS) analyses of historic aerial photographs, analysis of hydrologic data and measurement of various indicators linked to the fluvial morphology and the structure and distribution of the riparian vegetation led to the establishment of the prevailing processes in the dynamics of this river. Statistical analyses conducted on some of the main components of the flow regime, including floods, droughts and flow duration curves, showed a role for these components in river dynamics. Similarly, a thorough analysis of the evolution of the aforementioned indicators was performed to identify and measure the effects of the hydrological regulation of the river. These indicators were measured in 1927, 1956 and 2003 for a 106km reach. The geomorphic dynamics of the Ebro River in its central reach reflect a remarkable tendency for stabilization and rigidification of the channel. The active river corridor has largely been modified, primarily in the second half of the twentieth century. The corridor lost a huge portion of its width and extension, the channel suffered an intense narrowing and the natural mobility of the meander train decayed proportionally. The structure and distribution of the riparian vegetation were completely transformed. The riparian forest lost its original function, behaving as a linear corridor and was notably continuous and very close to the channel thalweg. The vegetation colonized most of the previously active channel, contributing to the loss of the natural dynamics of the river. The hydrological analyses suggest that the large morphological modification of the river planform and the parallel alteration of the riparian forests are not to be seen as a consequence of a loss of the attributes of natural floods. On the contrary, these extreme hydrological events only generate slight alterations due to river regulation and are not capable of enhancing the aforementioned evolution. Nevertheless, a profound change in the attributes of the low (summer) flows was found. The modification of the low flows was studied through its relationship with the global evolution of the geomorphic indicators and the riparian forest indicators. The results show the relative role played by high and low flows in the evolution of the river dynamics. These results are used to propose a future scenario of ecohydrological management in the central reach of the Ebro River. This scenario is intended to improve its ecological status and recover, at least partially, its natural dynamics. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Tovar E.,Technical University of Madrid |
Piedra N.,Technical University of Loja
IEEE Transactions on Education | Year: 2014
Open Educational Resources (OER) provide a strategic opportunity to improve the quality of education as well as facilitate policy dialog, knowledge sharing, and capacity building. One of the fundamental concepts of OER is 'the ability to freely adapt and reuse existing pieces of knowledge.' Reuse of educational resources by both individuals and organizations may have significant creative and economic benefit for the educational environment. This Special Issue editorial introduces six interesting experiences, representative of the use of OER in engineering education in important areas such as the production of open content at various scales, reuse of contents, institutional open Web site initiatives, and technological applications to support the exploitation of OER, all at different degrees of maturity. Since some readers will be unfamiliar with prior work on OER, this Special Issue also outlines the hot topics in OER and the critical factors for success when joining the Open Educational Movement. Finally, the editorial provides a set of recommendations and examples offered by the Special Issue editors from their over 6 years of experience leading a research group in semantic Web technologies applied to Open Education. A key requirement, in their opinion, is to improve the metadata interoperability between various collections of open material, so as to facilitate the discoverability and subsequent combining, remixing, or adapting OER; that is, OER data should be easily accessible to any user. © 1963-2012 IEEE.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2011.4.4-3. | Award Amount: 50.74M | Year: 2011
The project proposal concerns the challenges posed by the physical integration of smart intelligent structural concepts. It addresses aircraft weight and operational cost reductions as well as an improvement in the flight profile specific aerodynamic performance. This concerns material concepts enabling a conformal, controlled distortion of aerodynamically important surfaces, material concepts enabling an active or passive status assessment of specific airframe areas with respect to shape and potential damages and material concepts enabling further functionalities which to date have been unrealizable. Past research has shown the economic feasibility and system maturity of aerodynamic morphing. However, few projects concerned themselves with the challenges arising from the structural integration on commercial aircraft. In particular the skin material and its bonding to the substructure is challenging. It is the aim of this project proposal to demonstrate the structural realizability of individual morphing concepts concerning the leading edge, the trailing edge and the winglet on a full-size external wing by aerodynamic and structural testing. Operational requirements on morphing surfaces necessitate the implementation of an independent, integrated shape sensing system to ensure not only an optimal control of the aerodynamic surface but also failure tolerance and robustness. Developments made for structural health monitoring will be adapted to this task. Similar systems optimized for rapid in-service damage assessment have progressed to a maturity which allows their inclusion in the next generation of aircraft. However, the time consuming application of these sensor systems has to be further improved by integration at the component manufacturing level. The additional benefit of a utilization of these adapted systems for part manufacture process and quality control shall be assessed in SARISTU. Addressing the Nanotechnology aspect of the call, benefits regarding significant damage tolerance and electrical conductivity improvements shall be realized at sub-assembly level.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.7.2 | Award Amount: 11.54M | Year: 2010
VERITAS aims to develop, validate and assess an open framework for built-in accessibility support at all stages of ICT and non-ICT product development, including specification, design, development and testing. The goal is to introduce simulation-based and VR testing at all stages of product design and development into the automotive, smart living spaces, workplace, infotainment and personal healthcare applications areas. The goal is to ensure that future products and services are being systematically designed for all people including those with disabilities and functional limitations. Specifically, VERITAS will develop:\n\tAn Open Simulation Platform (OSP) for testing at all development stages that will provide automatic simulation feedback and reporting for guideline/methodologies compliance and quality of service.\n\tdetailed virtual user physical, cognitive, behavioural and psychological models as well as the corresponding simulation models to support simulation and testing at all stages of product planning and development.\n\taccessibility support tools at all the stages of iterative planning and development (i.e. specification, design, development, testing, evaluation) and for the five new application areas.\n\tvirtual simulation environments for ICT and non-ICT products offering tools for testing and verification mainly at the design stage but also during the development stages when links to ICT technologies are implemented.\n\ta VR simulation environment for realistic and iterative testing providing simultaneous multimodal (visual, aural, etc.) feedback to the designer/developer as well as the potential for immersive realistic simulation and virtual persona testing (i.e. the developer taking the role of the end user).\n\ta simulation environment that will support multimodal interface virtual testing in realistic scenarios that will offer the opportunity to fine tune and adapt these technologies to the specific application.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: Fission-2009-2.3.2 | Award Amount: 5.96M | Year: 2010
According to the recent publications of the European Technological Platform for a Sustainable Nuclear Energy (SNETP) (Vision report and Strategic Research Agenda) the sustainability require the combination of the present LWR, future Advanced Fast reactors and the waste minimization in closed cycles with Partitioning and Transmutation. To implement these new nuclear systems and their fuel cycles it is necessary to improve the accuracy, uncertainties and validation of related nuclear data and models, required for those systems but also for the experimental and demonstration facilities involved in the their validation. The project will include new nuclear data measurements, dedicated benchmarks, based on integral experiments, and improved evaluation and modeling specifically oriented to obtain high precision nuclear data for the major actinides present in advanced reactor fuels, to reduce uncertainties in new isotopes in closed cycles with waste minimisation and to better assess the uncertainties and correlations in their evaluation.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: Fission-2010-3.3.1 | Award Amount: 2.72M | Year: 2011
This project aims on the one hand to keep the momentum gained through the European Project EURANOS in establishing a platform where the operational and research community can meet and discuss with all the relevant stakeholders the topics related to emergency response and recovery preparedness and on the other hand to tackle urgent research topics in the area of nuclear emergency response and recovery preparedness. It addresses the call Fission-2010-3.3.1: European platform on emergency and post-accident preparedness and management. Through a collaboration of industry, research and governmental organisations in Europe, methodological aspects and computational models will be developed to be consistent with recent recommendations from international bodies such as the ICRP (International Commission of Radiation Protection) and improve Europes response by coupling the decision support systems with an early notification system such as ECURIE. Within this project, a platform will be established that will be a unique place for combined meeting of the research and the operational community.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: ENV.2011.2.1.2-1 | Award Amount: 8.88M | Year: 2011
REFORM is targeted towards development of guidance and tools to make river restoration and mitigation measures more cost-effective and to support the 2nd and future River Basin Management Plans (RMBPs) for the WFD. Aims of REFORM are (1) to provide a framework for improving the success of hydromorphological restoration measures and (2) to assess more effectively the state of rivers, floodplains and connected groundwater systems. The restoration framework addresses the relevance of dynamic processes at various spatial and temporal scales, the need for setting end-points, analysis of risks and benefits, integration with other societal demands (e.g. flood protection and water supply), and resilience to climate change. The consortium comprises scientists and practitioners covering a wide range of disciplines (hydrology, hydraulics and geomorphology, ecology, socio-economics). The workplan is organized in three modules: (1) natural processes, (2) degradation, (3) restoration. Data from monitoring programmes and restoration projects will be pooled and linked with landscape-scale hydromorphological and physiographic data and catchment models. Targeted field and experimental studies using common protocols will fill data gaps on the role of scale in restoration success. A wide range of statistical modeling approaches will improve indicators for hydromorphological change and factors determining restoration success. All work packages are multidisciplinary and will feed into products for application in river basin management, e.g. guidelines for successful restoration and a web-based tool for exchanging experiences with river restoration measures facilitated and enhanced through consultation with stakeholders. In addition to its impact on the RBMPs, REFORM will provide guidance to other EU directives (groundwater, floods, energy from renewable resources, habitats) to integrate their objectives into conservation and restoration of rivers as sustainable ecosystems
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: ICT-2013.9.9 | Award Amount: 72.73M | Year: 2013
Understanding the human brain is one of the greatest challenges facing 21st century science. If we can rise to the challenge, we can gain profound insights into what makes us human, develop new treatments for brain diseases and build revolutionary new computing technologies. Today, for the first time, modern ICT has brought these goals within sight. The goal of the Human Brain Project, part of the FET Flagship Programme, is to translate this vision into reality, using ICT as a catalyst for a global collaborative effort to understand the human brain and its diseases and ultimately to emulate its computational capabilities. The Human Brain Project will last ten years and will consist of a ramp-up phase (from month 1 to month 36) and subsequent operational phases.\nThis Grant Agreement covers the ramp-up phase. During this phase the strategic goals of the project will be to design, develop and deploy the first versions of six ICT platforms dedicated to Neuroinformatics, Brain Simulation, High Performance Computing, Medical Informatics, Neuromorphic Computing and Neurorobotics, and create a user community of research groups from within and outside the HBP, set up a European Institute for Theoretical Neuroscience, complete a set of pilot projects providing a first demonstration of the scientific value of the platforms and the Institute, develop the scientific and technological capabilities required by future versions of the platforms, implement a policy of Responsible Innovation, and a programme of transdisciplinary education, and develop a framework for collaboration that links the partners under strong scientific leadership and professional project management, providing a coherent European approach and ensuring effective alignment of regional, national and European research and programmes. The project work plan is organized in the form of thirteen subprojects, each dedicated to a specific area of activity.\nA significant part of the budget will be used for competitive calls to complement the collective skills of the Consortium with additional expertise.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.5.3 | Award Amount: 17.89M | Year: 2011
Medicine is undergoing a revolution that is transforming the nature of healthcare from reactive to preventive. The changes are catalyzed by a new systems approach to disease which focuses on integrated diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease in individuals. This will replace our current mode of medicine over the coming years with a personalized predictive treatment . While the goal is clear, the path is fraught with challenges.P-medicine brings together international leaders in their fields to create an infrastructure that will facilitate this translation from current practice to personalized medicine. In achieving this objective p-medicine has formulated a coherent, integrated workplan for the design, development, integration and validation of technologically challenging areas of today.Our emphasis is on formulating an open, modular framework of tools and services, so that p-medicine can be adopted gradually, including efficient secure sharing and handling of large personalized data sets, enabling demanding Virtual Physiological Human (VPH) multiscale simulations (in silico oncology), building standards-compliant tools and models for VPH research, drawing on the VPH Toolkit and providing tools for large-scale, privacy-preserving data and literature mining, a key component of VPH research. We will ensure that privacy, non-discrimination, and access policies are aligned to maximize protection of and benefit to patients. The p-medicine tools and technologies will be validated within the concrete setting of advanced clinical research. Pilot cancer trials have been selected based on clear research objectives, emphasising the need to integrate multilevel datasets, in the domains of Wilms tumour, breast cancer and leukaemia. To sustain a self-supporting infrastructure realistic use cases will be built that will demonstrate tangible results for clinicians.The project is clinically driven and promotes the principle of open source and open standards.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-14-2014 | Award Amount: 5.97M | Year: 2015
5G will realise a true Internet of Things, a network capable of supporting potentially trillions of wireless connected devices and with overall bandwidth one thousand times higher that todays wireless networks. Current 4G technology is approaching the limits of what is possible with this generation of radio technology and to address this, one of the key requirements of 5G will be to create a network that is highly optimised to make maximum use of available radio spectrum and bandwidth for QoS, and because of the network size and number of devices connected, it will be necessary for it to largely manage itself and deal with organisation, configuration, security, and optimisation issues. Virtualisation will also play an important role as the network will need to provision itself dynamically to meet changing demands for resources and Network Function Virtualisation (NFV), the virtualising of network nodes functions and links, will be the key technology for this. We believe that Autonomic Network Management based on Machine Learning will be a key technology enabling an (almost) self administering and self managing network. Network software will be capable of forecasting resource demand requirements through usage prediction, recognising error conditions, security conditions, outlier events such as fraud, and responding and taking corrective actions. Energy efficiency will also be a key requirement with the possibility to reconfigure the NFV to for example avail of cheaper or greener energy when it is available and suitable. Again this is directly related to usage prediction both at a macro level, across an entire network, and at a micro level within specific cells. The Cognet proposal will focus on applying Machine Learning research to these domains to enable the level of Network Management technology required to fulfil the 5G vision.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.4 | Award Amount: 3.67M | Year: 2011
Growing complexity of applications makes the integration of security and dependability an issue in many domains (e.g. energy supply, transportation, industrial control, aerospace, etc). The engineering of embedded systems needs to take these aspects into account. However, guaranteeing security and dependability in a situation of increasing system complexity is leading to unacceptable development cost and time to market, especially for SMEs, due to the price of tools. The main challenge of this project is supporting mixed criticality embedded systems on multicore open source virtualized platforms in such a way that the development, validation and certification efforts can be lower than the corresponding effort required on independent hardware platforms when using an appropriate methodology.\nAn approach to increasing maintainability and to avoid the growing validation and certification effort is to incorporate mechanisms that establish multiple partitions on the same hardware platform with strict temporal and spatial separation between the individual partitions. In this approach, applications with different levels of dependability can be placed in different partitions and can be validated (and certified if required) in isolation, the MultiPARTES approach. This allows the user to manage complexity while keeping down an escalation of the development effort, but this concept needs to be adapted and applied to multicore and heterogeneous multicore systems.\nThis project aims at developing tools and solutions based on mixed criticality virtualization systems for multicore platforms. The starting point for the virtualization support is XtratuM, a cost-effective open source hypervisor developed specifically for real-time embedded systems by one of the project participants (UPVLC) a hypervisor that is being increasingly used by the aerospace industry. Based on this approach, MultiPARTES will offer a rapid and cost-effective development support of dependable real-time embedded systems enabling critical and non critical applications to run on the same hardware platform.\nTo achieve this goal we will develop an innovative multicore-platform virtualization layer based on XtratuM. We will devise a methodology permitting the partitioning of multicore systems, thereby speeding up development and production of mixed-criticality applications based on the partitioning.\nWe will demonstrate these open virtualization solutions on COTS hardware platforms and on enhanced heterogeneous multicore hardware platforms to show the increase of time and space isolation, overcoming some of the COTS hardware limitations.\nThe results will be evaluated in case studies in three application sectors: wind power, video surveillance and aerospace.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2012-ASP3;SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2012-ASP7 | Award Amount: 8.02M | Year: 2013
Urban systems like traffic, energy, and outdoor lighting are managed by self-contained embedded systems though the managed processes are deeply interconnected. New applications and collective optimization require integration of these systems which represents a truly systems of systems integration problem: these urban systems evolve independently, have their own purpose and internal policies which must not be affected by such integration and have their own management. As a result, the integration has to manage emergent behavior and take non-availability of components as the norm rather than the exception. This is particularly challenging when control loop span across several systems. ACCUS aims at three innovations: 1. Provide an integration and coordination platform for urban systems to build applications across urban systems 2. Provide an adaptive and cooperative control architecture and corresponding algorithms for urban subsystems in order to optimize their combined performance 3. Provide general methodologies and tools for creating real-time collaborative applications for systems of systems ACCUS studies a set of so-called converged scenarios that span across urban systems to investigate requirements and defines a reference architecture for the integration of urban systems, based on semantic descriptions. Simulations with software and systems in the loop will be supported. The entire development and integration will be supported by tools. The ACCUS system and tools will be validated and demonstrated in an extended use case in Poland. The input of ACCUS is the work of several other ARTEMIS projects that focus on the self-contained urban systems themselves. ACCUS goals are ambitious. In order to achieve these goals a well-established and high-quality consortium with a broad scope of complementary disciplines and a long experience in European and National programs is lined up to do the job. Approved by ARTEMIS JU on 13/11/2013. Amendment 1 approved by ECSEL JU on 18/09/2014. Amendment 2 approved by ECSEL JU on 25/09/2015.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: Fission-2008-5.1.1 | Award Amount: 1.97M | Year: 2009
The project covers the structuring, organisation, coordination and implementation of training schemes in cooperation with local, national and international training organisations, to provide training to professionals active in nuclear organisations or their contractors and subcontractors. The training schemes provide a portfolio of courses, training sessions, seminars and workshops for continuous learning, for upgrading knowledge and developing skills. The training schemes allow the individual to acquire qualifications and skills, as required by specific positions in the nuclear sector, which will be documented in a training passport. The essence of such passport is to be recognised within the EU by the whole nuclear sector, which provides mobility to the individual looking for employment and an EU wide recruitment field for the nuclear employers. The recognition is subject to qualification and validation of the training courses according to a set of commonly agreed criteria, which can be ratified by law or established on a consensus basis within a network. The training schemes cover profiles for each of the following: - the basic training in selected nuclear topics of non nuclear engineers and personnel of nuclear facilities contractors and subcontractors; - the technical training for the design and construction challenges of GEN III plants, and the design of GEN IV plants. The training schemes consists of three distinct phases: - Courses, seminars, learning, scientific and technical visits, case studies; - Participation to selected activities within the scope of the training in different organisations; - Autonomous conduction of activities within the scope of the training under supervision of a mentor in one or in different organisations The first phase can be provided by universities and training centers, the second and third phases can be provided by industries, research centers and future employers.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: Fission-2008-2.1.2 | Award Amount: 10.31M | Year: 2009
The target of the proposed NURISP Collaborative Project is to make new and significant steps towards a European Reference Simulation Platform for applications relevant to present PWR and BWR and to future reactors. The roadmap of this Simulation Platform will be proposed to be part of the future Strategic Research Agenda of the Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology Platform (SNE-TP). The first step towards this ambitious target has been made during the FP6 NURESIM Integrated Project. The NURISP project will start from this basis and develop further the already common and well-proven NURESIM informatics platform. It will also strengthen and enlarge the united team of top level international experts already federated during the NURESIM project and it will transform it into a European pole of excellence in reactor safety computation. The platform will provide a more accurate representation of the physical phenomena by developing and incorporating into best estimate codes the latest advances in core physics, two-phase thermal-hydraulics and fuel modelling. The project will also develop significant capacities for multiscale and multiphysics calculations, and for deterministic and statistical sensitivity and uncertainty analysis, facilitating their use in a generic environment. The individual models, solvers and codes integrated into the platform will be verified, validated and demonstrated through benchmarks (some of them using NEA or IAEA databanks) corresponding to present and future PWR, VVER and BWR challenging applications. Through the Users Group, European Nuclear Utilities, Vendors, Technical Safety Organisations, Regulators, Universities and Research Labs will be able to share this reference tool, contribute to its qualification, and develop its potential; thus enabling an effective European Research Area to take a worldwide leading position in the numerical simulation of nuclear reactors.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2007.2.1.5.1. | Award Amount: 4.10M | Year: 2008
Like any living system, urban communities consume material and energy inputs, process them into usable forms, and eliminate the wastes from the process. This can be seen as metabolism of industry, commerce, municipal operations, and households. Understanding the pattern of these energy and material flows through a communitys economy provides a systemic reading of the present situation for goal and objective setting and development of indicators for sustainability. At present, planning policies often reflect the logic of the market. They would better reflect a vision of urban development, in which environmental and social considerations are fully embedded in spatial planning policies at all steps of the policy cycle from problem identification and policy design through to the implementation and ex-post evaluation stages. Therefore, the widespread inclusion of sustainability objectives in urban planning at all scales (from regional to site level) is necessary, providing the opportunity for the incorporation of bio-physical sciences knowledge into the planning process on a routine basis. To this end, the proposed project BRIDGE (sustainaBle uRban plannIng Decision support accountinG for urban mEtabolism) aims at bridging the gap between bio-physical sciences and urban planners and to illustrate the advantages of accounting for environmental issues on a routine basis in design decisions. BRIDGE will provide the means to quantitative estimate the various components of the urban metabolism (observation of physical flows and modelling), the means for quantitative estimate their impacts (socio-economic and environmental impact assessments and indicators), as well as the means for resource optimisation in urban fabric (support the decision making in urban planning). BRIDGE will focus on the interrelation between energy and material flows and urban structure.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.86M | Year: 2015
The dynamic modulation of semiconductor structures using vibrations provides a powerful tool for the control of the materials properties required for novel functionalities. Surface acoustic waves (SAWs) with GHz-frequencies and micrometre-size wavelength can be generated using piezoelectric transducers fabricated with standard integrated circuit technology. Their small propagation velocity and high sensitivity to disturbances confined to a superficial region have long been exploited in electronic signal processing and sensor applications. The SAW-induced modulation of the electro-optical properties of semiconductor structures is now been used for a wide range of applications including advanced sensors, the control of chemical processes, as well as the coherent control of carriers, spins, photons, and phonons down to the single-particle level. The latter are presently been exploited for different functionalities including advanced waveguide modulators, tuneable optical resonators, and single-electron pumps and single-photon sources. SAWTrain puts together leading groups from Europe, Asia and North America working on SAWs on semiconductor and related nanostructures to create a PhD training network. The synergy resulting from the expertise of these groups will provide PhD students with training opportunities far superior to those offered in existing PhD programmes. Training in research skills with secondments at different hosts will cover state-of-the-art research in the interdisciplinary areas of basic physics, materials, technology, and device concepts related to SAWs. This will be achieved by exposing the trainees to multiple secondments, mandatory co-supervision from different institutions, including a non-academic mentorship. The coordinated training will further contain topical courses, schools, conferences, and workshops and be complemented by measures to develop key competences and transferable skills, fostering the future career plan of the young researchers.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2007-2.2-01 | Award Amount: 3.82M | Year: 2008
HiPER is a multi-national laser facility designed to allow Europe to take a leading position in the pursuit of Inertial Fusion Energy, whilst offering an internationally unique capability for science in extreme conditions. It will open up entirely new areas of research, providing access to physics regimes which cannot be explored on any other science facility. It has been formally endorsed by 6 European nations at the governmental or national funding agency level, 2 regional governments, over 20 scientific institutions and has direct involvement from industry. Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) lies at the heart of the design of HiPER. Fusion is the holy grail of energy sources combining abundant fuel with no greenhouse gas emissions, minimal waste products, and a scale that can meet mankinds long-term energy demands. Fusion combines hydrogen isotopes to create helium gas and a neutron which is captured to provide heat for a steam turbine. The IFE solution for fusion is a proven scientific concept. A laboratory demonstration of net energy production using lasers for IFE is now only 2 years away, marking the culmination of 40 years research. This will attract significant public and political attention, and so the HiPER project has been developed to provide a clear path forwards, based on a strong science mission. The design has been produced over the past years by scientists from 12 of the 15 nations now associated with HiPER. This proposal combines all aspects relevant to a preparatory construction phase, as part of an integrated 68 M, 5-year project. The project already stretches beyond the EU, involving coordination with work in Japan, China, South Korea, Canada, Russia and the USA. HiPER represents science with a strong societal goal. It is designed to secure the continued competitiveness of Europe into the next decades.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 3.57M | Year: 2015
Today, industrial markets demand highly added value products offering new features at a low-cost. To this extent, technologies to modify surfaces instead of creating composites or applying coatings on surfaces can offer new industrial opportunities. Current state of the art identifies short pulsed(SP)/ultra-short pulsed(USP) laser-material processing as a promising technology for structuring surfaces and thus for embedding new functionalities for industrial applications. The LASER4FUN research programme pursues to go far beyond the current state through the development of new surface micro/nano-structuring/patterning methods by using emerging SP/USP laser technologies (LIPSS, DLIP, DLW & hybrid tech). The research will focus on the interaction of laser energy with several materials (metals, semiconductors, polymers, glasses & advanced materials) and on new surface functionalities like tribology, aesthetics and wettability. Moreover, LASER4FUN establishes an innovative training programme that aims at coaching a new generation of creative, entrepreneurial and innovative early stage researchers (ESRs) focused on laser surface engineering. This novel programme will contain both scientific and general skills training activities and it will benefit from training at a network (e.g. secondments). In total, 14ESRs will be enrolled, developing individual research projects within LASER4FUN programme. After 36 months of research and training, the ESRs will be PH Doctors prepared to face EU laser-engineering new challenges. LASER4FUN consortium involves 8 Academic partners (4 Universities one of them as associated partner- and 4 RTD institutions) ensuring the progress beyond the state of the art, and 3 industrial partners guaranteeing that final solutions will be close to the market. They are from 6 different EU countries. The close cooperation among multidisciplinary partners will ensure knowledge transfer to cross the death valley between science and the market.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: IoT-01-2016 | Award Amount: 25.77M | Year: 2017
ACTIVAGE is a European Multi Centric Large Scale Pilot on Smart Living Environments. The main objective is to build the first European IoT ecosystem across 9 Deployment Sites (DS) in seven European countries, reusing and scaling up underlying open and proprietary IoT platforms, technologies and standards, and integrating new interfaces needed to provide interoperability across these heterogeneous platforms, that will enable the deployment and operation at large scale of Active & Healthy Ageing IoT based solutions and services, supporting and extending the independent living of older adults in their living environments, and responding to real needs of caregivers, service providers and public authorities. The project will deliver the ACTIVAGE IoT Ecosystem Suite (AIOTES), a set of Techniques, Tools and Methodologies for interoperability at different layers between heterogeneous IoT Platforms and an Open Framework for providing Semantic Interoperability of IoT Platforms for AHA, addressing trustworthiness, privacy, data protection and security. User-demand driven interoperable IoT-enabled Active & Healthy Ageing solutions will be deployed on top of the AIOTES in every DS, enhancing and scaling up existing services, for the promotion of independent living, the mitigation of frailty, and preservation of quality of life and autonomy. ACTIVAGE will assess the socio-economic impact, the benefits of IoT-based smart living environments in the quality of life and autonomy, and in the sustainability of the health and social care systems, demonstrating the seamless capacity of integration and interoperability of the IoT ecosystem, and validating new business, financial and organizational models for care delivery, ensuring the sustainability after the project end, and disseminating these results to a worldwide audience. The consortium comprises industries, research centres, SMEs, service providers, public authorities encompassing the whole value chain in every Deployment Site.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2012.1.1-3. | Award Amount: 5.94M | Year: 2013
In order to achieve the greening of the European air transport with the deployment of low emission and low noise propulsion systems the reduction of core noise plays an important role. The ability to design low core noise aero-engines requires the development of reliable prediction tools. This development demands extensive research with dedicated experimental test cases and sophisticated numerical and analytical modelling work to broaden the physical understanding of core noise generation mechanisms. This objective is only reachable with an extensive cooperation on the European level. In this proposal Research on Core Noise Reduction (RECORD) the major aero-engine manufacturers of five different European countries collaborate to enable the design of low core noise aero-engines. In RECORD the fundamental understanding of core noise generation and how can it be reduced will be achieved by combining the research competence of all European experts in universities and research organizations working in this field of core noise. This concept of the RECORD project is completed by the technology development of small and medium size enterprises distributed in Europe. RECORD will promote the understanding of noise generating mechanism and its propagation taking the interaction of combustor and turbine into account. The importance of direct and indirect noise will be quantified. Through carefully designed experiments and extensive numerical calculations, the numerical methods and assumptions will be validated and extended. As a result, low-order models will provide a quick approach for the noise design of combustors and subsequent turbine stages while the more time-consuming and expensive LES calculation will provide a more detailed picture of the flow physics. Finally, RECORD will develop means and methods for core noise reduction.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-30-2015 | Award Amount: 7.50M | Year: 2016
The lack of interoperability is considered as the most important barrier to achieve the global integration of IoT ecosystems across borders of different disciplines, vendors and standards. Indeed, the current IoT landscape consists of a large set of isolated islands that do not constitute a real internet, preventing the exploitation of the huge potential expected by ICT visionaries. To overcome this situation, VICINITY presents a virtual neighborhood concept, which is a decentralized, bottom-up and cross-domain approach that resembles a social network, where users can configure their set ups, integrate standards according to the services they want to use and fully control their desired level of privacy. VICINITY then automatically creates technical interoperability up to the semantic level. This allows users without technical background to get connected to the vicinity ecosystem in an easy and open way, fulfilling the consumers needs. Furthermore, the combination of services from different domains together with privacy-respectful user-defined share of information, enables synergies among services from those domains and opens the door to a new market of domain-crossing services. VICINITYs approach will be demonstrated by a large-scale demonstration connecting 8 facilities in 7 different countries. The demonstration covers various domains including energy, building automation, health and transport. VICINITYs potential to create new, domain-crossing services will be demonstrated by value added services such as micro-trading of DSM capabilities, AI-driven optimization of smart urban districts and business intelligence over IoT. Open calls are envisioned in the project to integrate further, preferably public, IoT infrastructures and to deploy additional added value services. This will not only extend the scale of VICINITY demonstration, but also efficiently raise the awareness of industrial communities of VICINITY and its capabilities.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-20-2015 | Award Amount: 7.09M | Year: 2016
A major obstacle to increase the efficiency, effectiveness and quality of education in Europe is the lack of widely available, accessible, multilingual, timely, engaging and high-quality educational material (i.e. OpenCourseWare). The creation of comprehensive OpenCourseWare (OCW) is tedious, time-consuming and expensive, with the effect, that often courseware employed by teachers, instructors and professors is incomplete, outdated, inaccessible to those with disabilities and dull. With the open-source SlideWiki platform (available at SlideWiki.org) the effort of the creation, translation and evolution of highly-structured remixable OCW can be widely shared (i.e. crowdsourced). Similarly to Wikipedia for encyclopaedic content, SlideWiki allows (1) to collaboratively create comprehensive OCW (curricula, slide presentations, self-assessment tests, illustrations etc.) online in a crowdsourcing manner, (2) to semi-automatically translate this content into more than 50 different languages and to improve the translations in a collaborative manner and (3) to support engagement and social networking of educators and learners around that content. SlideWiki is already used by hundreds of educators, thousands of learners. Several hundred comprehensive course materials are available in SlideWiki in dozens of languages. In this large-scale trial project, we will further mature the SlideWiki technology platform, integrate it with a state-of-the-art MOOC delivery platform and perform four large-scale trials in (1) secondary education, (2) vocational and professional training, (3) higher education and (4) community-driven open-education. Each of these large-scale trials will be performed with hundreds of educators and thousands of learners in countries all over Europe. A particular focus of the technology development and testing in the trials will be the suitability for academics, teachers and learners with disabilities.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2011-7 | Award Amount: 6.70M | Year: 2012
The main objective of project e-GOTHAM is to implement a new aggregated energy demand model (based on the microgrid concept) in order to effectively integrate renewable energies sources, increase management efficiency by dynamically matching demand and supply, reduce carbon emissions by giving priority to green energy sources, raise energy consumption awareness by monitoring products and services and stimulate the development of a leading-edge market for energy-efficient technologies with new business models. e-GOTHAM will define a complete solution for microgrids in the residential, tertiary and industrial sectors that include different configurations of loads, distributed generators and energy storage components. To carry out the e-GOTHAM concept, the project will design an open architecture and develop a middleware that enables the needed communications for management and results optimisation. The challenge of the middleware produced in e-GOTHAM is to assemble a system which can ensure enough scalability, security, reliability, real time measurements and interoperability so as to lead to the development of a large-scale embedded systems network, a smart data management model, a set of models and algorithms that dynamically correlate energy-related, pollution-related, cost-related and behaviour-related patterns and a just-in-time adaptive communication model that interoperates different protocols to support seamless connectivity across the microgrid. e-GOTHAM is a market-oriented project that seeks to meet the needs of the involved market partners, especially power producers and microgrid owners, and to have an influence on consumers and on the authorities who define regulations. Finally, e-GOTHAM aims at creating an ecosystem meant to attract those relevant stakeholders who are willing to elaborate on project results so as to generate new products and services and to support the looked-for new aggregated energy demand model even beyond the project lifetime. This TA was approved by the ECSEL Joint Undertaking on 22/04/2015.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: Fission-2012-3.3.1 | Award Amount: 6.50M | Year: 2013
This proposal aims to close gaps that have been identified in nuclear and radiological preparedness following the first evaluation of the Fukushima disaster. It addresses the call Fission-2010-3.3.1: Update of emergency management and rehabilitation strategies and expertise in Europe. The consortium intends to review existing operational procedures in dealing with long lasting releases, address the cross border problematic in monitoring and safety of goods and will further develop still missing functionalities in decision support system ranging from improved source term estimation and dispersion modelling to the inclusion of hydrological pathways for European water bodies. As the management of the Fukushima event in Europe was far from being optimal, we propose to develop means on a scientific and operational basis to improve information collection, information exchange and the evaluation for such types of accidents. This will be achieved through a collaboration of industry, research and governmental organisations in Europe taking into account the networking activities carried out under the NERIS-TP project. Furthermore, the NERIS Platform member organisations (so far 43 partners) will be actively involved in the development.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: Fission-2012-2.1.1 | Award Amount: 9.33M | Year: 2013
After the 2011 disaster that occurred in Japan, improvement of nuclear safety appears more clearly as a paramount condition for further development of nuclear industry. The NURESAFE project addresses engineering aspects of nuclear safety, especially those relative to design basis accidents (DBA). Although the Japanese event was a severe accident, in a process of defense-in-depth, prevention and control of DBA is obviously one of the priorities in the process of safety improvement. In this respect, the best simulation software are needed to justify the design of reactor protection systems and measures taken to prevent and control accidents. The NURESAFE project addresses safety of light water reactors which will represent the major part of fleets in the world along the whole 21st century. The first objective of NURESAFE is to deliver to European stakeholders a reliable software capacity usable for safety analysis needs and to develop a high level of expertise in the proper use of the most recent simulation tools. Nuclear reactor simulation tools are of course already widely used for this purpose but more accurate and predictive software including uncertainty assessment must allow to quantify the margins toward feared phenomena occurring during an accident and they must be able to model innovative and more complex design features. This software capacity will be based on the NURESIM simulation platform created during FP6 NURESIM project and developed during FP7 NURISP project which achieved its goal by making available an integrated set of software at the state of the art. The objectives under the work-program are to develop practical applications usable for safety analysis or operation and design and to expand the use of the NURESIM platform. Therefore, the NURESAFE project concentrates its activities on some safety relevant situation targets. The main outcome of NURESAFE will be the delivery of multiphysics and fully integrated applications.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: KBBE.2013.2.2-03 | Award Amount: 7.95M | Year: 2013
Vitamin D deficiency has significant implications for human health and impacts on healthy growth and development and successful aging. Fundamental knowledge gaps are barriers to implementing a safe and effective public health strategy to prevent vitamin D deficiency and optimize status. ODIN will provide the evidence to prevent vitamin D deficiency in Europe and improve nutrition and public health through food. By establishing an internationally standardized analytical platform for 25OHD, ODIN will measure the distribution of circulating 25OHD and describe the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Europe. Using available biobanks and databases from National nutrition surveys ODIN will delineate the relative contributions of sun and dietary sources of vitamin D to circulating 25OHD. In support of planned EFSA revisions of vitamin D recommendations, ODIN will carry out three RCT in pregnant women, children and teenagers and a fourth RCT in ethnic immigrant groups to provide experimental data to specify vitamin D intake requirements. Using dietary modeling, innovative food-based solutions to increase vitamin D in the food supply through a combination of bio-fortification of meats, fish, eggs, mushrooms and yeast will be developed and ODIN will test the efficacy and safety of these products in food-based RCT varying in scale from small product-specific trials to a large total diet study in vulnerable indigenous and immigrant sub-groups. ODIN has assembled the largest critical mass of prospective adult, pregnancy and birth cohort studies to date and will conduct meta-analyses and individual subject-level meta-regression analyses to integrate standardized data on vitamin D status, a priori defined clinical endpoints and genotype to examine relationships between vitamin D and human health, including beneficial and adverse effects, on perinatal outcomes, bone growth and body composition and allergic disease in children and cardiovascular disease and mortality in adults.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP-SICA | Phase: KBBE.2010.1.2-01 | Award Amount: 12.67M | Year: 2011
ANIMALCHANGE will provide scientific guidance on the integration of adaptation and mitigation objectives and design sustainable development pathways for livestock production in Europe, in Northern and Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America. ANIMALCHANGE will inform public policy development in EU27 and propose cooperation programs addressing smallholder livestock farming in selected developing countries. The core analytical spine of the project is a series of coupled biophysical and socio-economic models combined with experimentation. This allows exploring future scenarios for the livestock sector under baseline and atmospheric CO2 stabilization scenarios. These scenarios are first constructed in Component (CP) 1. They are elaborated and enriched by breakthrough mitigation and adaptation options from CP 2 at field and animal scales, integrated and evaluated at farm scale in CP 3 and used to assess policy options and their socio-economic consequences in CP 4. ANIMALCHANGE will: - Quantify and reduce uncertainties in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and assess climate change impacts on livestock systems (including grasslands) - Revise estimates of the GHG balance of livestock systems and integrate soil carbon sequestration - Integrate climate variability and extremes into the assessment of impacts, adaptation and vulnerability of livestock systems to climate change - Develop breakthrough technologies for adaptation and mitigation to climate change for both ruminants and monogastrics - Study and quantify trade-offs and synergies between adaptation and mitigation options - Assess the potential societal and sectoral costs and benefits of these options for the livestock sector in Europe and in study regions of Africa and Latin America - Assess climate change vulnerability of animal production and of associated GHG emissions - Provide direct support through the design of an integrated and consistent mitigation and adaptation policy framework for the livestock sector
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: INFRA-2011-3.4. | Award Amount: 912.70K | Year: 2011
GLOBAL excursion will introduce e infrastructures to educators and pupils. It provides scientists, policy makers, pupils and their teachers a package of activities, materials and tools for enabling the integration of e infrastructures into school curricula. Main access point is the GLOBAL Virtual Science Hub ViSH. It contains a selection of e Infrastructures, and a social network where scientists, teachers and pupils will be able to exchange and establish collaborations, and a virtual excursion room, where pupils will be able to experience real e-science applications in areas of high relevance for the future, such as nano- and biotechnologies.\nThe technological basis of the Virtual Science Hub is the VCC, a communication platform developed in the GLOBAL project, which has already proven to successfully link distant researchers and to integrate remote regions.\nTo allow for closer links between stakeholder communities, the hub will include a pedagogical framework that tailors science content to the needs of schools preconditions. With this aim, teachers and scientists will be involved in a user-centred design process and collaboratively elaborate generic tools and methods, offering joyful formats attractive to young people. With the ViSH portal as a hub, virtual excursions are possible through existing e-infrastructures and together with pedagogical concepts, a more efficient use of e infrastructures will be ensured. Teachers will have access to guided and compact materials, easy to implement and adapt in their teaching activities.\n\nTogether with end-users, GLOBAL excursion will develop a common understanding, teaching use cases, as well as pedagogical and technical artefacts. The aim of this project proposal is to provide young citizens and their educators (teachers, parents, etc.) across Europe with a range of e-Infrastructures and access to expert knowledge on its usage for a joyful exploration of e-Science through e-Infrastructure. Based on the experience from previous projects, we intend to target pupils between 14-18 years of age (upper stage school). Participating schools and science communicators will elaborate communication and teaching activities. The driving themes will be nano- and biotechnologies, as well as volunteer computing and life sciences with an interdisciplinary focus especially including ethical, legal and social aspects (ELSA).\n\nThe main purpose of the GLOBAL excursion project is to enable students and teachers access to the experimental laboratories and resources of selected e-Infrastructures in order to improve science curricula by enriching schools existing teaching and learning materials. By connecting e Infrastructures, resources and tools with schools, pupils can experience challenging and authentic learning scenarios. Thus, students gain insights in scientific real work and relive interest in natural science education.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH-2009-7.1.2 | Award Amount: 3.55M | Year: 2010
In response to SSH-2009 7.1.2, the MEDPRO project will undertake a deep foresight analysis of the development issues in eleven countries in the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean participating in the Barcelona process and in the Union for the Mediterranean. The project will undertake an analysis of the current state and prospective development in main areas of socio-economic development: Geopolitics and governance; demography, ageing, migration, health and gender issues; sustainable development, management of resources, adaptation to global warming; energy and climate change mitigation; economic development, trade and investment; financial services and capital markets and human capital, education and development of skills. It will then bring the partial foresight analyses in these areas into a broader framework of quantitative general equilibrium modelling, and be completed with qualitative scenarios for regional and broader integration within the region and with the EU and policy conclusions for the EU approach. Given the broad scope of the research to be undertaken, the consortium has been composed with the aim of ensuring three equally important qualities: scientific excellence, multidisciplinary structure and deep insight into Mediterranean affairs. The coordinating institute is therefore collaborating closely with three other institutes with deep insight in Mediterranean affairs and European Neighbourhood Policy. Whereas the main objective is to provide targeted scientific support to the future development of the relations between the EU and the Mediterranean region, the impact of this project will be underpinned by an exceptional effort of dissemination in both the EU and the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: PEOPLE-2007-1-1-ITN | Award Amount: 4.78M | Year: 2008
Indium nitride is a new narrow gap semiconductor (<0.7 eV), which alloys with GaN (3.5 eV) and AlN (6.2 eV) will allow the spectral range from telecom to hard UV wavelengths to be covered. This narrow band gap makes InN an exciting material from which to develop highest efficiency solar cells. Moreover, due to an electron mobility of around 4000 cm2/Vs and very high saturation velocities, InN is an ideal material for the development of high electron mobility devices capable of operating in the Terahertz range. To ensure the production of reliable commercial devices, rigorous fundamental research is required to understand the layer growth mechanisms and optimize material properties. In RAINBOW, academic and industrial consortium, the theoretical work will encompass modelling of the atomic structure and properties of the material from empirical potentials to ab initio techniques. Experiments will provide correlated structural, electronic, optical and chemical information from the nano to the macroscopic scale. In a closely concerted effort, we will determine the best conditions for the growth of highest quality InN and In rich (In,Ga,Al)N alloys by the main growth techniques (MOVPE, PAMBE,HVPE ). Under the supervision of world leading experts, numerous young researchers will directly benefit from this interdisciplinary and multisectorial research and training effort. The young researchers involved in this programme will also learn to manage research and industrial projects.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FoF-02-2014 | Award Amount: 3.16M | Year: 2015
Lithography based additive manufacturing technologies (L-AMT) are capable of fabricating parts with excellent surface quality, good feature resolution and precision. ToMax aims at developing integrated lithography-based additive manufacturing systems for the fabrication of ceramic parts with high shape complexity. The focus of the project is to unite industrial know-how in the field of software development, photopolymers and ceramics, high-performance light-sources, system integration, life cycle analysis, industrial exploitation and rewarding end-user cases. The consortium will provide 3D-printers with high throughput and outstanding materials and energy efficiency. The project is clearly industrially driven, with 8 out of 10 partner being SMEs or industry. Targeted end-use applications include ceramics for aerospace engineering, medical devices and energy efficient lighting applications. The consortium is aiming to exploit disruptive applications of L-AMT by developing process chains beyond the current state of the art, with the dedicated goal to provide manufacturing technologies for European Factories of the Future. By relying on L-AMT, ToMax the following objectives are targeted: (1) ToMax will provide methods which are 75% more material efficient with respect to traditional manufacturing (2) Are 25% more material efficient with respect to current AMT approaches by using computational modelling to optimize geometries and by providing recyclable wash-away supports. (3) ToMax will provide methods which are 35% more energy efficient that current AMT approaches by developing 50% faster thermal processing procedures. (4) Incorporate recycling for the first time in L-AMT of engineering ceramics Overall, the consortium will provide innovative, resource efficient manufacturing processes. ToMax will develop energy-efficient machinery and processes, with a focus on manufacturing of alumina, silicon nitride and cermet parts with high shape complexity.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2008-2.2-1 | Award Amount: 11.95M | Year: 2009
Solid state light sources based on compound semiconductors are opening a new era in general lighting and will contribute significantly to a sustainable energy saving. For a successful and broad penetration of LEDs into the general lighting market two key factors are required: high efficiency and low cost. Two new disruptive technologies based on nanostructured semiconductors are proposed to address these key factors. A novel epitaxial growth technique based on nanorod coalescence will be explored to realize ultra-low defect density templates which will enable strain-relieved growth of LEDs and thus achieve higher efficiency. The second highly innovative approach is the growth of directly emitting Gallium nitride based nanorod structures. These structures are expected to produce exceptionally high efficiency devices covering the whole visible spectrum and even phosphor-free white LEDs. Significantly, our new nanostructured compound semiconductor based technology will enable LED growth on low-cost and large-area substrates (e.g., Silicon) as wafer bowing will be eliminated and thus lead to a dramatic reduction in production costs. The main objectives over the three years are: Profound understanding of the growth mechanisms and properties of nanorod systems New materials and process technologies (wafer-scale nanoimprinting, dry etching, device processing) for LEDs based on nanostructured templates and nanorod-LEDs Demonstrators: -Phosphor-converted white LEDs based on nanostructured sapphire templates (efficacy 150 lm/W @ 350 mA) and Silicon templates (efficacy 100 lm/W @ 350 mA) -Blue, green, yellow and red emitting Nano-LEDs (external quantum efficiency 10%) -Novel phosphor-free white-emitting Nano-LEDs (external quantum efficiency 2%) Realising the objectives of SMASH will start a new generation of affordable, energy-efficient solid state light sources for the general lighting market and will push the LED lamp and luminaire business in Europe.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2010-ITN | Award Amount: 3.90M | Year: 2011
The network of PURESAFE Preventing hUman intervention for incrREased SAfety in inFrastructures Emitting ionizing radiation, aims at enhancing career development and training of 15 Early-Stage Researchers in the field of systems engineering. The program trains young researchers from multidisciplinary fields, such as mechanical engineering, software engineering and robotics for the purpose of cost-efficient life-cycle management of facilities generating ionizing radiation. The network is lead by Tampere University of Technology, world-leading training organisation in the engineering of complex systems and remote handling of scientific infrastructures. The program follows the priorities defined in the European Strategy Forum for Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) report where GSI/FAIR is listed of great scientific importance, and the European Strategy for Particle Physics of the CERN Council, where the upgrade of Large Hadron Collider (sLHC) have been defined as a priority to keep the existing high energy physics facilities and expertise at the world-class level for decades to come. The participants of the PURESAFE consortium are universities, international research organisations and industrial partners. Together they provide a stimulating environment for a broad high-quality education for young scientists. In addition to the training objectives, the project will enhance the interaction between European stakeholders to significantly increase the RTD efficiency of public and private organizations in the life-cycle management and safe operation of the infrastructures. The network answers to the increasing need of skilled and well trained researchers possessing a holistic system understanding of scientific and energy generation facilities. The trained researchers receive excellent career prospects on demanding RTD of scientific facilities, knowledge intensive products and services including RTD and decommissioning of nuclear power plants in growing markets.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2008.1.1.3. | Award Amount: 6.95M | Year: 2009
The goal of ERICKA is to directly contribute to reductions in aircraft engine fuel consumption with a targeted contribution of 1% reduction in SFC relative to engines currently in service. The fuel efficiency of a jet engine used for aircraft propulsion is dependent on the performance of many key engine components. One of the most important is the turbine whose efficiency has a large influence on the engine fuel consumption and hence its CO2 emissions. The turbine must operate with high efficiency in the most hostile environment in the engine. The design of turbine cooling systems remains one of the most challenging processes in engine development. Modern high-pressure turbine cooling systems invariably combine internal convection cooling with external film cooling in complex flow systems whose individual features interact in complex ways. The heat transfer and cooling processes active are at the limit of current understanding and engine designers rely heavily on empirical tools and engineering judgement to produce new designs. ERICKA will provide a means of improving turbine blade cooling technology that will reduce turbine blade cooling mass-flow relative to that required using existing technology. A reduction in cooling mass-flow leads directly to improved component and engine efficiency. The improved technology for turbine cooling developed by ERICKA will also enable low NOx combustion chambers to be included in future engines. ERICKA will undertake research to furnish better understanding of the complex flows used to internally cool rotating turbine blades. This will be achieved by:- 1) Acquisition of high quality experimental data using static and rotating test facilities 2) Development of cooling design capability by enhancement of computer codes that will exploit these experimental data ERICKA groups 18 partners representing the European aero engine industry, five SMEs and a set of leading academic institutions.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: OCEAN.2011-1 | Award Amount: 6.73M | Year: 2012
The key objective of the TROPOS project is the development of a floating modular multi-use platform system for use in deep waters, with an initial geographic focus on the Mediterranean, Tropical and Sub-Tropical regions but designed to be flexible enough not to be limited in geographic scope. The TROPOS approach is centered on the modular development where different types of modules can be combined as appropriate in each area. In this way, the TROPOS multi-use platform system is able to integrate a range of functions from the transport, energy, aquaculture and leisure sectors, in a greater number of geographical areas than if it was a set platform design. This subsequently provides greater opportunities for profitability. The TROPOS design will focus on a floating multi-purpose structure able to operate in, and exploit, deep waters, where fixed structures such as those piled in the seabed are not feasible. The multi-use platforms developed from the concept designs will have the potential to provide European coastal regions with appropriate aquaculture systems, innovative transport services as well as leisure and offshore energy solutions. The main S/T objectives of the project are: To determine, based on both numerical and physical modeling, the optimal locations for multi-use offshore platforms in Mediterranean, sub-tropical and tropical latitudes To research the relations between oceanic activities, including wind energy, aquaculture, transport solutions for shipping, and other additional services To develop novel, cost-efficient and modular multi-use platform designs, that enable optimal coupling of the various services and activities To study the logistical requirements of the novel multi-use platform To assess the economic feasibility and viability of the platform To develop a comprehensive environmental impact methodology and assessment To configure at least three complete solutions, for the Mediterranean, Sub-tropical and tropical areas
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT-2007-1.4.01 | Award Amount: 39.99M | Year: 2008
Since the publication of the ACARE goals, the commercial and political pressure to reduce CO2 has increased considerably. DREAM is the response of the aero-engine community to this pressure. The first major DREAM objective is to design, integrate and validate new engine concepts based on open rotor contra-rotating architectures to reduce fuel consumption and CO2 emissions 7% beyond the ACARE 2020 objectives. Open rotors are noisier than equivalent high bypass ratio turbofan engines, therefore it is necessary to provide solutions that will meet noise ICAO certification standards. The second major DREAM objective is a 3dB noise emission reduction per operation point for the engine alone compared to the Year 2000 engine reference. These breakthroughs will be achieved by designing and rig testing: Innovative engine concepts a geared and a direct drive contra-rotating open rotor (unducted propulsion system) Enabling architectures with novel active and passive engine systems to reduce vibrations These technologies will support the development of future open rotor engines but also more traditional ducted turbofan engines. DREAM will also develop specifications for alternative fuels for aero-engines and then characterise, assess and test several potential fuels. This will be followed by a demonstration that the selected fuels can be used in aero-engines. The DREAM technologies will then be integrated and the engine concepts together with alternative fuels usage assessed through an enhanced version of the TERA tool developed in VITAL and NEWAC. DREAM is led by Rolls-Royce and is made of 47 partners from 13 countries, providing the best expertise and capability from the EU aeronautics industry and Russia. DREAM will mature technologies that offer the potential to go beyond the ACARE objectives for SFC, achieving a TRL of 4-5. These technologies are candidates to be brought to a higher TRL level within the scope of the CLEAN SKY JTI.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2012.6.1-3 | Award Amount: 7.56M | Year: 2012
Climate change can disrupt ecological, social and economic systems, with some regions and sectors suffering significantly. Therefore, adaptation plays a paramount role in responding to climate change. Progress has been made, but there are still important obstacles. Knowledge of the benefits and costs of adaptation is sparse, unsystematic and unevenly distributed across sectors and countries. Planning suffers from substantial uncertainties in terms of precise impacts. It is also difficult to reconcile the bottom-up nature of adaptation with top-down strategic policy making on adaptation. To address these challenges BASE will: Improve adaptation knowledge availability, integration and utilization Case studies will be used to understand facilitators of, and barriers to, adaptation. Over 20 cases have been selected to cover the diversity of adaptation, simultaneously paying attention to the need for generalization and comparability. The gap between top-down strategic assessments of costs and benefits and empirical context-sensitive bottom-up analyses will be bridged using novel combinations of models and qualitative analyses. Promote and strengthen stakeholder participation in adaptation BASE will support stakeholder involvement through novel participatory and co-design techniques. Successful bottom-up initiatives will be studied, and the use of knowledge, two-way learning, the role of social media and other awareness raising methods and tools will be explored. Support coherent, multi-level, multi-sector integrated adaptation policies BASE will provide policy guidelines by integrating lessons from past experiences, case studies, insights provided by modeling and stakeholder participation. Issues of multilevel, cross sectoral and inter-temporal governance that are presently weakly tackled will be highlighted. Potential conflicts and synergies of adaptation with other important policies will be explored to overcome constraints caused by context-related inertias.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: MG-3.2-2014 | Award Amount: 12.42M | Year: 2015
The objective of the EBSF_2 project is to validate different innovative solutions that combine efficiency of the bus system with more attractiveness. Such solutions are meant to represent the most innovative in the areas indicated by the Call: the project will proceed to their final validation before their introduction in the market, avoiding pure simulations or large use of prototypes. Following the System Approach, and with the participation of representatives of all key stakeholders categories, these activities will be introduced by the identification of innovation requirements (that will drive the impact assessment), the update of the Bus System Definition (as defined in EBSF). In addition to the impact analysis of the single solutions, the effect of combining key introduction will be evaluated. The European Bus System of the Future Roadmap will be updated with areas for further research and priorities linked to the project topics.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ISIB-04a-2014 | Award Amount: 5.00M | Year: 2015
Europes bioeconomy is expected to foster economic growth and to tackle significant societal challenges with less harmful environmental effects through innovative, sustainable and inclusive use of European forest resources. Increasing demand for biomass and other ecosystem goods and services calls for changes in forest-related policies at different levels and across different sectors. Accordingly, the recent Forest Strategy provides clear signals towards the need for harmonised information for mapping and assessing the dynamic state of forest ecosystems and their services. Building upon scientific advances in COST E4, 39, 43, USEWOOD, FORSYS, ORCHESTRA; the networks ENFIN, EFFIS, SOSIN; the FP7 EUFODOS, S2BIOM, INTEGRAL, SIMWOOD, FIRE PARADOX the project DIABOLO aims to: i) strengthen the methodological framework towards more accurate, harmonised and timely forest information, e.g. on growing stock and stock changes, biomass, carbon, NWFP; enable the analysis of sustainable biomass supply derived from multipurpose and multisource national forest inventories; and facilitate near real-time forest disturbance monitoring, e.g. on forest fires, storm, drought, insect outbreaks; ii) support EU policy processes, international reporting obligations, forest administration and forest planning entities with new methodologies and EU-wide consistent forest information; iii) make innovative use of existing field-collected data and EC space-based applications of EO and satellite positioning systems with reference to INSPIRE and GEOSS, and global monitoring systems such as REDD\, FLEGT and UNFF. To deliver high impact, beyond state-of-the-art work within the ecological and socio-economic diversity in Europe, the trans-disciplinary DIABOLO involves experts in quantitative modelling, policy science and NFIs, from 26 European countries, committed to provide new methodologies and information for various end-uses, including EFDAC (FISE) at JRC, GLOBIOM at IIASA and work at FAO/UNECE.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2007.1.1.6.1. | Award Amount: 4.61M | Year: 2008
There is increasing interest in the economics of climate change to inform policy on a) long-term targets, b) the costs of inaction (the economic effects of climate change), and c) the costs and benefits of adaptation. The objectives of this study are to advance knowledge across all three areas, i.e. the full economic costs of climate change, through the following tasks: 1. To identify and develop consistent climate change and socio-economic scenarios, including mitigation scenarios; 2. To quantify in physical terms, and economic costs, the costs of inaction for these scenarios, with bottom-up disaggregated (spatial) modelling for market and non-market sectors (coasts, health, ecosystems, energy, water, infrastructure) in the EU and other major negotiator countries (US, China, India). To extend analysis to quantify and value the costs and benefits of adaptation, and the residual costs of climate change after adaptation. 3. To asses the physical effects and economic damages of a number of the most important major catastrophic events and major socially contingent effects. 4. To update the mitigation costs of GHG emission reductions for medium and long-term reduction targets/ stabilisation goals. To include (induced) technological change, non CO2 GHG and sinks, and recent abatement technologies. 5. To quantify the ancillary air quality benefits of mitigation, using a spatially detailed dis-aggregated approach to quantify in physical terms and monetary benefits, in Europe and major negotiator countries. 6. To apply a number of complementary CGM and IAM models to incorporate the information from the tasks above. 7. To bring all the information above together to provide policy relevant output, including information on physical effects and economic values, and undertake analysis of policy scenarios. The project involves a multi-disciplinary team with leading impact and economic experts. It is innovative in developing bottom-up and top-down analysis within consistent scenarios and a single integrated framework, providing highly dis-aggregated outputs on impacts and economic costs.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: Fission-2009-5.1.1 | Award Amount: 1.93M | Year: 2010
Nuclear Safety Culture is a topic of paramount importance for all nuclear operators as well as for all operators of installations dedicated to radiology and radiotherapy. It concerns also the regulators and related support organisations. Its efficient practice is an absolute must for nuclear power plants, for production and transport of fissile materials and radioisotopes, and for related research activities. The objective of this project is to design, develop and test two relevant training schemes on Nuclear Safety Culture with a European dimension, based on a specific evaluation of the training needs. Through this coordination action, involving training providers, industry, regulators and universities, the two new training schemes with a common generic module will benefit from a multi-cultural approach, diversified resources, and the search for high quality. The central objective being the mutual recognition of good practices and behaviours related to the safety culture management of the nuclear installations in Europe, the safety managers will be the first beneficiaries of this coordination action. Two groups of users will be set up: a nuclear industry group and a use of ionising radiation based technology group. The analysis team (WP1) will collect and analyse the data on the needs. It will exchange information on a regional basis. The links between the ALARA principle and the safety culture will be subject of a specific action in WP2. Two reflection groups will be organised with the European ALARA Network and the European Platform EUTERP. Using the results of WP1, the design and development team (WP3) will involve several European training providers, as well as university specialists of the technical topics and methods to be dealt with, including distance learning. The validation team (WP4) will test the new teaching modules by means of pilot sessions. The Quality Assurance will be established as a support to the project.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA | Phase: Fission-2013-2.2.1 | Award Amount: 10.36M | Year: 2013
Preparing ESNII for HORIZON 2020 The aim of this cross-cutting project is to develop a broad strategic approach to advanced fission systems in Europe in support of the European Sustainable Industrial Initiative (ESNII) within the SET-Plan. The project aims to prepare ESNII structuration and deployment strategy, to ensure efficient European coordinated research on Reactor Safety for the next generation of nuclear installations, linked with SNETP SRA priorities. The ESNII\ project aims to define strategic orientations for the Horizon 2020 period, with a vision to 2050. To achieve the objectives of ESNII, the project will coordinate and support the preparatory phase of legal, administrative, financial and governance structuration, and ensure the review of the different advanced reactor solutions. The project will involve private and public stakeholders, including industry, research and academic communities, with opened door to international collaboration, involving TSO.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2013.7.2.3 | Award Amount: 62.80M | Year: 2014
A group of eight Transmission System Operators with a generator company, manufacturers and research organisations, propose 5 demonstration projects to remove, in 4 years, several barriers which prevent large-scale penetration of renewable electricity production in the European transmission network. The full scale demonstrations led by industry aim at proving the benefits of novel technologies coupled with innovative system integration approaches: - A scaled down model of generators connected to a HVDC link is used within a new testing facility to validate novel control strategies to improve the interaction between HVDC links and wind turbine generators - The implementation of a full scale, hardware-in-the-loop test setup in collaboration with worldwide market leaders of HVDC-VSC technology explores the interactions of HVDC VSC multiterminal control systems to validate their interoperable operations - Strategies to upgrade existing HVDC interconnectors are validated with the help of innovative components, architecture and system integration performances, to ensure higher RES penetration and more efficient cross border exchanges. - Full scale experiments and pilot projects at real life scale of both installation and operation of AC overhead line repowering technologies are carried out to show how existing corridors can see their existing capacity increase within affordable investments. - The technical feasibility of integrating DC superconducting links within an AC meshed network (using MgB2 as the critical material) will be tested at prototype scale, thus proving that significant performance improvements have been reached to enable commercialization before 2030 The experimental results will be integrated into European impact analyses to show the scalability of the solutions: routes for replication will be provided with benefits for the pan European transmission network and the European electricity market as soon as 2018, in line with the SET plan objectives
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SFS-04-2014 | Award Amount: 6.88M | Year: 2015
Knowledge regarding the complex interplay between agricultural land use and management and soil quality and function is fragmented and incomplete, in particular with regard to underlying principles and regulating mechanisms. The main aim of iSQAPER is to develop an interactive soil quality assessment tool (SQAPP) for agricultural land users that integrates newly derived process understanding and accounts for the impact of agricultural land use and management on soil properties and functions, and related ecosystem services. For this purpose, >30 long-term experimental field trials in the EU and China will be analysed to derive regulating principles for integration in SQAPP. SQAPP will be developed using a multi-actor approach aiming at facilitating social innovation and providing options to land users for cost-effective agricultural management activities to enhance soil quality and crop productivity. SQAPP will be tested extensively in 14 dedicated Case Study Sites in the EU and China covering a wide spectrum of farming systems and pedo-climatic zones, and rolled-out across the continents thereafter. Within the Case Study sites a range of alternative agricultural practices will be selected, implemented and evaluated with regard to effects on improving soil quality and crop productivity. Proven practices will be evaluated for their potential applicability at EU and China levels, and to assess the related soil environmental footprint under current and future agricultural trends and various agricultural policy scenarios. How the soil quality tool can be utilized for different policy purposes, e.g. in cross compliance and agro-environmental measures, will also be investigated and demonstrated. A comprehensive dissemination and communication strategy, including a web-based information portal, will ensure that project results are available to a variety of stakeholders at the right time and in appropriate formats to enhance soil quality and productivity in the EU and China.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2008.1.4.1. | Award Amount: 30.00M | Year: 2009
Reducing noise from aircraft operations perceived by airport neighbouring communities is a major challenge facing the aircraft manufacturing industry, social society and the air transport business. By adopting a whole aircraft approach based on the latest developments in active / adaptive technologies, flow control techniques and advances in computational aero-acoustics applied to the major causes of noise at source, OPENAIR aims to deliver a step change in noise reduction, beyond the SILENCE(R) achievements. The workplan clearly supports realistic exploitation of promising design concepts driven by noise reduction and will result in the development and validation up to TRL 5 of 2nd Generation technology solutions. OPENAIRs multidisciplinary approach and composition is suited to the projected integrated, lightweight solutions. The process includes a down-selection in mid project. The selected technologies will be subjected to scaled rig tests, and the resulting data will support assessment of the noise reduction solutions on powerplant and airframe configurations across the current and future European range of products. The project exploitation plan will include detailed proposals for further demonstration in the Clean Sky JTI. The verification of the technologies applicability will be assured by addressing identified integration and environmental tradeoffs (performance, weight, emissions). In this way OPENAIR will develop solutions that can play a significant role, in continuity with the previous Generation 1 effort, enabling future products to meet the ACARE noise goals and improving current fleet noise levels through retrofitting. This capability is key to providing the flexibility needed to simultaneously accommodate market requirements in all segments, global traffic growth and environmental constraints, while addressing the global environmental research agenda of the EU.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: OCEAN 2013.1 | Award Amount: 7.18M | Year: 2013
The objective of the EnviGuard project is to develop a highly specific and precise (i.e. quantitative and qualitative) in situ measurement device for currently hard to measure man-made chemical contaminants and biohazards (toxic microalgae, viruses & bacteria, biotoxins & PCBs) that can be used as an early warning system in aquaculture and as an environmental monitor to assess the good environmental status of the sea in compliance with the MSFD. It will be more cost-efficient than current monitoring devices leading to a clear marketing advantage for the European analytical and research equipment industry. The modular system will consist of three different sensor modules (microalgae/pathogens/ toxins & chemicals) integrated into a single, portable device, which saves, displays and sends the collected data real time to a server by means of mobile data transmission and the internet. EnviGuard will be able to accomplish this also in real-time for a period of at least one week without maintenance in an offshore, marine surrounding. User of EnviGuard can access their data online any time they need to. Potential fields of use are marine environment pollution monitoring, marine research and quality control in seawater aquaculture, a sector in Europe highly occupied by SMEs. The biosensors developed in the project go far beyond the current state-of-the art in terms of accuracy, reliability and simplicity in operation by combining innovations in nanotechnology and molecular science leading to the development cutting edge sensor technology putting European research and highly innovative SMEs in the forefront of quickly developing markets.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SFS-15-2014 | Award Amount: 8.82M | Year: 2015
PROTEIN2FOODs aim is to develop innovative, cost-effective and resource-efficient plant proteins rich food sources with positive impact on human health, the environment and biodiversity. The quality and quantity of protein from selected highly nutritious seed crops (quinoa, amaranth and buckwheat), and legumes with high protein quantity (lupin, faba beans, pea, chickpea, lentil) will be significantly enhanced by using a multi-disciplinary approach that will include genetic, agronomic, food process engineering, sensory, socio-economic, and environmental assessment. Research is expected to improve the quality of plant proteins, produced in Europe, and of the sustainability of their production and processing. Through a better understanding of the: i) genetic mechanisms driving the protein formation and accumulation in the seed, ii) plant performance towards biotic and abiotic stresses, and iii) protein interactions with other components in the food matrix and its sensory repercussions in the final food products, this research should lead to the development of adapted plant protein sources with positive impact on environment and biodiversity as well as human health. Expected results in the project are: i) enhance the protein production by 25% through new effective breeding techniques and optimised crop management with an increase by 10% of the EUs arable land destined to protein-crop production, using also marginal soils, ii) accelerate protein transition from animal-based protein to plant based protein in Europe with clear impact on reduction of carbon footprint, iii) increase EU agro-biodiversity by introducing promising high quality crops and legumes. Further, activities will support the prototypes of new protein-rich-protein food with exceptional market potential. Finally, we will improve the EUs visibility in the area of food processing and technology through high impact factors scientific publications.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SST-2007-6.0-03 | Award Amount: 800.62K | Year: 2008
Europe has a strong maritime economy with a high global position. The strength of the European maritime industry is based on its entrepreneurship and ability to innovate. The European maritime companies can only maintain their position to produce innovative products if they can attract highly qualified RTD personnel. In order to remain at the cutting edge of knowledge and technology for green, competitive, safe and secure advanced maritime products and operations not only naval architects, offshore and marine engineers but also marine scientists, marine transport economists and financiers as well as other related science and engineering graduates have to be attracted to undertake research and development in the maritime sector. PROMARC will raise awareness of job opportunities in the marine transport technology sector in Research and Innovative product development through: 1. An investigation and analysis of current National and European Union schemes to promote maritime transport sector. 2. Investigation and analysis of current and future sector skill shortage and demand 3. Creation of promotional materials on the research and innovation career opportunities in the maritime transport sector to be published online and as brochures and pamphlets for distribution by all sector stakeholders 4. Activities to promote of marine transport technology sector in schools including site visits, schools visits and interactive internet site. 5. Activities to attract graduates to a career in research including academic competitions, thematic workshops and summer schools It is recognised that there is a severe gender imbalance in the marine technology sector and special efforts will be targeted at female students to encourage them to follow research and innovation careers in the sector.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP-SICA | Phase: ENV.2011.2.1.4-1 | Award Amount: 9.01M | Year: 2011
To realise the full potential of tropical forests in climate change mitigation (CCM) & the provision of other ecosystem services in the face of ongoing global change we must improve our understanding of the relationships between biodiversity (BD) and the socio-ecological processes through which we respond & adapt to change. ROBIN will provide information for policy & resource use options under scenarios of socio-economic & climate change to: quantify interactions between terrestrial BD, land use & CCM potential in tropical Latin America; develop scenarios for CCM options by evaluating their effectiveness, unintended effects on other ecosystem services (e.g. disease mitigation) and their socio-ecological consequences. We will achieve this by combining new techniques (including remote sensing) for BD assessments in complex multi-functional landscapes, data-based analyses, integrated modelling & participatory-driven approaches at local & regional scales. Case studies along a gradient of sites in Mesoamerica and Amazonia will be used to develop understanding of the relationships between BD & CCM options & feed policy development. These studies will improve understanding of the options favourable to stakeholders & barriers & drivers affecting adoption of resource management strategies. Key deliverables will be: improved understanding of the role of BD in climate change; participatory-driven strategies & tools for CCM; assessments of the risks & uncertainties associated with CCM options. The main impact of the work will be improved outcomes from CCM & BD protection measures by providing natural resource managers in Latin America with guidance on how BD & ecosystems can be used in CCM without creating new problems. We will provide improved indicators for BD relevant to the Convention on Biological Diversity & the design & implementation of REDD\/\\ schemes, to ensure increased storage of carbon in forests & multi-functional landscapes & decreased rates of BD loss.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: ENV.2011.1.1.2-1 | Award Amount: 10.93M | Year: 2011
CLAIRE investigates the ways in which climate change alters the threat of air pollution on European land ecosystems including soils. Based on field observations, experimental data and models, it establishes new flux, concentration and dose-response relationships, as a basis to inform future European policies. Starting with biosphere-atmosphere exchange measurements, CLAIRE quantifies how global warming and altered precipitation will affect emissions of key European primary pollutants (NOx, NH3, VOCs), including interactions with increasing aerosol and hemispheric O3 background concentrations, modifying atmospheric transport and deposition. An ensemble of chemistry transport models will be applied to assess uncertainty in response to harmonized scenarios for climate, emissions and land-use, while high resolution studies will investigate how climate change alters local patterns of pollutant exposure and threshold exceedance. A network of European experiments for contrasting ecosystems and climates, combined with meta-analysis of unpublished datasets, will quantify how climate change alters ecosystem vulnerability to tropospheric O3 and N deposition, including interaction with increased CO2. Combined with special topics on interactions with N form (wet/dry, NHx/NOy), aerosol-exacerbated drought stress and BVOC self-protection of O3 effects, novel threshold and dose-response approaches will be developed. These will be combined with regional atmospheric and biogeochemical models to estimate interactions and feedbacks on plant/soil carbon stocks, greenhouse gas balance and plant species change. The new risk assessment chain to be developed will be applied at the European scale, quantifying how projected climate change will alter damage estimates. Combined with economic valuation of ecosystem services, improved integrated assessment modelling will allow a cost-benefit analysis to inform future mitigation and adaptation strategies on air pollution and climate change.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2013.1.5 | Award Amount: 1.31M | Year: 2013
The mission of PRIPARE is twofold: facilitate the application of a privacy and security -by-design methodology that will contribute to the advent of unhindered usage of Internet against disruptions, censorship and surveillance, support its practice by the ICT research community to prepare for industry practice; foster risk management culture through educational material targeted to a diversity of stakeholders. To this end PRIPARE will\n\tspecify a privacy and security-by-design software and systems engineering methodology, using the combined expertise of the research community and taking into account multiple viewpoints (advocacy, legal, engineering, business),\n\tprepare best practices material (guidelines, patterns, success stories) for the development and implementation of products and services of ICT-based systems and use-cases in the area of cloud computing, mobile services and the management of cyber incidents, \n\tsupport FP7 and Horizon 2020 research projects through training workshops and practical support in applying PRIPARE best practices in their environment.\n\tprovide educational material on approaches for risk management of privacy and create awareness on the need for risk management culture among users. Material consistent with PRIPARE methodology will be structured in a modular way in order to fit to different targets (policy makers, users, ICT students and professional). \n\tidentify gaps and provide recommendations on privacy and security-by-design practices, support of unhindered usage of Internet and on the creation of a risk management culture. A research agenda will be proposed.\nPRIPARE consists of a consortium of 11 partners with strong links with the privacy community (data protection authorities/policy makers, privacy advocacy organisations, technology, engineering). In order to prepare for the longer term adoption by the industry, a representative advisory board will be set up. The support action duration is 24 months.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.10.2 | Award Amount: 1.70M | Year: 2013
Disasters occurring during large-scale events and in industrial areas may have a huge impact on human lives, property, and the environment. Fast reaction is vital in order to avoid physical damages as well as damages to the public image of the involved organisations. As a result several measures are taken and periodically bolstered to ensure effective and efficient emergency and crisis management. The use of a software system is among those measures, together with staff assignments to a command centre, trainings, and (virtual) simulation exercises.\nThe main challenge for a command centre is to quickly obtain contextual information about the emergency situation in order to make the right decisions. Late decisions or decisions based on inaccurate information have a great potential for causing more damages. As mobile devices are widely used and in many cases connected to the Internet, crowdsourcing information and mobile technologies offer great potential for addressing this challenge. However, existing crowdsourcing information based platforms for emergency and crisis management present several shortcomings. In particular and more importantly, they are neither tailored for use in mobile devices nor for use close to the place of an incident, when people are still under stress. Moreover, there is a lack of resources for automatic analysis of the collected multimedia data.\nRESCUER aims at developing a smart and interoperable computer platform for using crowdsourcing information mashed up with open data to support emergency and crisis management. The RESCUER platform will be capable of 1) gathering crowdsourcing information in real-time by providing user interaction mechanisms especially developed to be used in emergency situations, 2) greatly improving situational awareness in a command centre in a timely manner, through novel multimedia data analysis methods and effective visualisation and manipulation mechanisms, and 3) semi-automatically providing official and accurate announcement of emergencies to the affected community and general public through an efficient approach for deriving specific documents from generic ones. Furthermore, RESCUER will support ad-hoc communication.\nBoth European and Brazilian industries will benefit from the project results, several of which have the potential for becoming at least de facto standards. As industrial areas periodically simulate incidents for training purposes, the RESCUER platform can be experimentally validated before the Olympic Summer Games in 2016.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2011.1.4-2. | Award Amount: 67.80M | Year: 2011
The main objective of the LEMCOTEC project will be the improvement of core-engine thermal efficiency by increasing the overall pressure ratio (OPR) to up to 70 leading to a further reduction of CO2. Since NOx increases with OPR, combustion technologies have to be further developed, at the same time, to at least compensate for this effect. The project will attain and exceed the ACARE targets for 2020 and will be going beyond the CO2 reductions to be achieved by on-going FP6 and FP7 programmes including Clean Sky: 1.) CO2: minus 50% per passenger kilometre by 2020, with an engine contribution of 15 to 20%, 2.) NOx: minus 80% by 2020 and 3.) Reduce other emissions: soot, CO, UHC, SOx, particulates. The major technical subjects to be addressed by the project are: 1.) Innovative compressor for the ultra-high pressure ratio cycle (OPR 70) and associated thermal management technologies, 2.) Combustor-turbine interaction for higher turbine efficiency & ultra-high OPR cycles, 3.) Low NOx combustion systems for ultra-high OPR cycles, 4.) Advanced structures to enable high OPR engines & integration with heat exchangers, 5.) Reduced cooling requirements and stiffer structures for turbo-machinery efficiency, 6.) HP/IP compressor stability control. The first four subjects will enable the engine industry to extend their design space beyond the overall pressure ratio of 50, which is the practical limit in the latest engines. Rig testing is required to validate the respective designs as well as the simulation tools to be developed. The last two subjects have already been researched on the last two subjects by NEWAC. The technology developed in NEWAC (mainly component and / or breadboard validation in a laboratory environment) will be driven further in LEMCOTEC for UHPR core engines. These technologies will be validated at a higher readiness level of up to TRL 5 (component and / or breadboard validation in a relevant environment) for ultra-high OPR core-engines.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.2.2 | Award Amount: 25.84M | Year: 2009
The European robotics industry plays a key role in maintaining our continents industrial base. The robotics industry is strong, but fragmented and dispersed. In the future, cutting-edge technology resulting from top-level research will be the decisive factor for success. Europe not only has a powerful robotics industry, but can also boast superb research. By drawing on these resources, ECHORD aims at producing new knowledge through advancing the state of the art in selected research foci and developing novel technology from which new products can be derived. Within ECHORD, opportunities for knowledge advancement and technology transfer between academia and industry will be created across the whole continent. This will be achieved through the solicitation of focused, small-size RTD projects, so-called experiments, which can be rapidly negotiated, funded and executed. Via these experiments, ECHORD will bring about a large-scale introduction of robotic equipment into research institutions. This is expected to result in both tangible and measurable out-comes in terms of the accelerated development of technologies, as well as the deployment of robotics technology into new scenarios for the direct application of research results. For ECHORD, three such scenarios have been defined: human-robot co-working, hyper flexible cells, and cognitive factories. The foremost purpose of the scenarios is to define an environment that is both scientifically challenging to research institutions and commercially relevant to robot manufacturers.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2009.1.1.6.1 | Award Amount: 4.05M | Year: 2010
Assessment of climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation requires a combination of generic and context-specific knowledge. Currently, the availability of such knowledge in Europe is fragmented and incomplete. MEDIATION addresses this challenge through six activities: (i) analysis of the decision-making context; (ii) inventory, review and improvement of methods and metrics for impacts and vulnerability analysis; (iii) likewise for costing of impacts and adaptation options; (iv) development of an overarching integrated methodology; (v) development of a flexible, interactive common platform for knowledge sharing; and (vi) dissemination of this knowledge and training. The components of the project will be connected in an iterative fashion, using case studies which combine selected regional, sectoral and cross-sectoral characteristics and policy questions. The consortium combines eleven top European scientific institutions with a high reputation and long experience in impacts, vulnerability and adaptation research and assessment. They represent different regions in Europe with contrasting vulnerabilities, cover the wide array of disciplinary and interdisciplinary knowledge required to assess sectoral and cross-sectoral vulnerabilities, already participate in numerous related European and national research programmes, and have extensive expertise in science-policy interactions. The project will establish an Advisory Group of key international scientific experts and climate change policy makers to strengthen the scientific basis of the project as well as the policy relevance. In addition to scientific innovation, MEDIATION aims at supporting national and international policy development through targeted interactions, including the UNFCCC process (notably the Nairobi Work Programme), and the EU White Paper process, the latter by systematically addressing the components of the 3rd pillar of the EU Green Paper related to knowledge development and sharing.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA | Phase: Fission-2013-4.1.2 | Award Amount: 9.33M | Year: 2013
The CHANDA project main objective is to address the challenges in the field of nuclear data for nuclear applications and its acronym stands for solving CHAllenges in Nuclear DAta The project will prepare a proposal for an organization that will coordinate the nuclear data research program, and the infrastructures and capabilities of the EU Member States in a stable structure, well integrated with R&D coordination tools (EERA, HORIZON 2020) , and with priorities aligned with the SET Plan and the SRAs of the EURATOM Technological Platforms, including the following general objectives: - to provide the nuclear data required for the safe and sustainable operation, and development, of existing and new reactors and nuclear fuel cycle facilities, - to prepare solutions for the challenges risen by the nuclear data measurements needed by nuclear systems, like the data for highly radioactive, short lived or rare materials, - to prepare tools that solve the challenges of quantifying and certifying the accuracy of the results of simulations based on available nuclear data and models (uncertainties), - to identify and promote synergies with other nuclear data applications. Using these tools will allow EU to upgrade the nuclear data up to the level needed by simulation codes to fulfill present requirements. In particular, the simulations should be able to: reduce the number of expensive experimental validations, to support the new tendencies in safety assessments to use best estimate codes to understand the limits of the plat safety towards extreme operational conditions, to optimize safety and performance of present and future reactors and other radioactive facilities. Other applications will benefit from this accuracy in nuclear data, notably in medical applications to optimize performance and minimize dose of radiation for diagnose and treatment.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-ITN-2008 | Award Amount: 3.30M | Year: 2009
Storage research increasingly gains importance based on the tremendous need for storage capacity and I/O performance. Over the past years, several trends have considerably changed the design of storage systems, starting from new storage media over the widespread use of storage area networks, up to grid and cloud storage concepts. Furthermore, to achieve cost efficiency, storage systems are increasingly assembled from commodity components. Thus, we are in the middle of an evolution towards a new storage architecture made of many decentralized commodity components with increased processing and communication capabilities, which requires the introduction of new concepts to benefit from the resulting architectural opportunities. The consortium of this Marie Curie Initial Training Network (MCITN) SCALing by means of Ubiquitous Storage (SCALUS) aims at elevating education, research, and development inside this exciting area with a focus on cluster, grid, and cloud storage. The vision of this MCITN is to deliver the foundation for ubiquitous storage systems, which can be scaled in arbitrary directions (capacity, performance, distance, security) Providing ubiquitous storage will become a major demand for future IT systems and leadership in this area can have significant impact on European competitiveness in IT technology. To get this leadership, it is necessary to invest into storage education and research and to bridge the current gap between local storage, cluster storage, grid storage, and cloud storage. The consortium will proceed into the direction by building the first interdisciplinary teaching and research network on storage issues. It consists of top European institutes and companies in storage and cluster technology, building a demanding but rewarding interdisciplinary environment for young researchers.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.8.6 | Award Amount: 6.89M | Year: 2009
Software systems are central for the infrastructure of modern society. To justify the huge investments such systems need to live for decades. This requires software which is highly adaptable. Software systems must support a high degree of (spatial) variability to accommodate a range of requirements and operating conditions, and temporal evolvability to allow these parameters to change over time. Current approaches to reusability and maintenance are inadequate to cope with the dynamics and longevity of future software applications and infrastructures, e.g. for e-commerce, e-health and e-government. At the same time, we rely increasingly on systems that provide a high degree of trustworthiness. Thus, the major challenge facing software construction in the next decades is high adaptability combined with trustworthiness. A severe limitation of current development practices is the missing rigour of models and property specifications. Without a formal notation of distributed, component-based systems it is impossible to achieve automation for consistency checking, enforcement of security, generation of trustworthy code, etc. Furthermore, it does not suffice to simply extend current formal approaches. We propose to take an empirically successful, yet informal software development paradigm and put it on a formal basis. Specifically, we will turn software product family (SWPF) development into a rigorous approach. The technical core of the project is an Abstract Behavioural Specification language which will allow precise description of SWPF features and components and their instances. The main project outcome is a methodological and tool framework achieving not merely far-reaching automation in maintaining dynamically evolving software, but an unprecedented level of trust while informal processes are replaced with rigorous analyses based on formal semantics. This includes the perspective of designing self-adapting software systems.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.6.2 | Award Amount: 13.87M | Year: 2011
FOTsis (European Field Operational Test on Safe, Intelligent and Sustainable Road Operation) is a large-scale field testing of the road infrastructure management systems needed for the operation of seven close-to-market cooperative I2V, V2I & I2I technologies (the FOTsis Services), in order to assess in detail both 1) their effectiveness and 2) their potential for a full-scale deployment in European roads.\n\nSpecifically, FOTsis will test the road infrastructures capability to incorporate the new cooperative systems technology and provide the following services in four European Test-Communities (Spain, Portugal, Germany and Greece) regrouping 9 Test-Sites:\n\nS1: Emergency Management\nS2: Safety Incident Management\nS3: Intelligent Congestion Control\nS4: Dynamic Route Planning\nS5: Special Vehicle Tracking\nS6: Advanced Enforcement\nS7: Infrastructure Safety Assessment\n\nUsing an integral and comprehensive approach, FOTsis will therefore review the road infrastructure and communication networks required to secure a proper connectivity from the traffic control centres (and all the information they already have available, enhanced with the V2I data) with the users/vehicles.\n\nRelying on the common European and open ITS architecture guideline proposal (supported by the project COMeSafety), able to incorporate available and future ITS services and systems, FOTsis aims to contribute to the safety, mobility and sustainability challenges faced nowadays by the European road transport system.\n\nThe project represents a major step forward to better connect vehicles, infrastructures and traffic management centres, the main focus being placed on the responsibilities of the road operator.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FI.ICT-2013.1.9 | Award Amount: 36.30M | Year: 2014
FI-WARE has started to materialize as a powerful foundation for the Future Internet. FI-WARE is an innovative, open cloud-based infrastructure for cost-effective creation and delivery of services, at a scale not seen before. FI-WARE is now well under way to successfully achieve its goals of boosting the effectiveness of creating new services of high economic and societal value, reinforcing EU competitiveness and bringing opportunities for high-growth entrepreneurs and SME players.\n\nNow, following an intensive period of research, development and experimentation, the FI-Core Consortium aims to complete the FI-WARE vision and support a truly open innovation ecosystem around FI-Lab, a working instance of FI-WARE that is distributed across multiple datacenters in Europe and is effectively operated using the suite of FI-Ops tools. In this project, the FI-Core consortium will deliver a)Technology extensions, introducing new capabilities to the platform, b) means for platform availability, including the launch of operational FI-Ware nodes across Europe with resources and tools to support them, as well as extensive FI-Ware education and training programs for Web entrepreneurs and SMEs plus c) Processes and tools for platform sustainability, dissemination of current and on-going results, namely FI-WARE, FI-Ops and FI-Lab. These will be a globally competitive foundation for Europes economy.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FI.ICT-2011.1.9 | Award Amount: 17.98M | Year: 2013
XIFI will establish a sustainable marketplace for trial infrastructures and Future Internet services.XIFI will achieve this vision by integrating and federating a multiplicity of heterogeneous environments starting from the generic and specific enablers provided by the FI-WARE core platform and the FI-PPP use cases and early trials.Through this approach XIFI will demonstrate and validate the potential and capabilities of a unified market for Future Internet facilities overcoming a number of existing limitations to the current set of Future Internet experimental infrastructures available across Europe, such as fragmentation, interoperability and scalability. XIFI will also extend its efforts to include the results of other Future Internet services and R&D work.Initially the federation of infrastructures will consist of a core backbone five nodes located in five different European countries enabled with the Technology Foundation services (from the FI-PPP project FI-WARE) to be ready before the start of FI-PPP phase 3 (at month 12 of XIFI). This initial set will be enlarged during the second year with new use cases and collaborating local and regional infrastructures.XIFI will provide significant added value to Future Internet service and application developers. Specifically XIFI will: facilitate unified access to large-scale infrastructures by providing a single entry point for users provide access to generic enablers with assured QoS and reliability that go beyond best effort offer a federation service through which the infrastructures can offer their capabilities using new and existing business models enable infrastructures to be shared across different use casesXIFI will provide training, support and assistance including integration guidelines and the promotion of best practice between large-scale trials and infrastructure nodes. These activities aim at facilitating the uptake and continued use of the FI-PPP results.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-15-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 18.70M | Year: 2017
Big Data will have a profound economic and societal impact in the mobility and logistics sector, which is one of the most-used industries in the world contributing to approximately 15% of GDP. Big Data is expected to lead to 500 billion USD in value worldwide in the form of time and fuel savings, and savings of 380 megatons CO2 in mobility and logistics. With freight transport activities projected to increase by 40% in 2030, transforming the current mobility and logistics processes to become significantly more efficient, will have a profound impact. A 10% efficiency improvement may lead to EU cost savings of 100 BEUR. Despite these promises, interestingly only 19 % of EU mobility and logistics companies employ Big Data solutions as part of value creation and business processes. The TransformingTransport project will demonstrate, in a realistic, measurable, and replicable way the transformations that Big Data will bring to the mobility and logistics market. To this end, TransformingTransport, validates the technical and economic viability of Big Data to reshape transport processes and services to significantly increase operational efficiency, deliver improved customer experience, and foster new business models. TransformingTransport will address seven pilot domains of major importance for the mobility and logistics sector in Europe: (1) Smart High-ways, (2) Sustainable Vehicle Fleets, (3) Proactive Rail Infrastructures, (4) Ports as Intelligent Logistics Hubs, (5) Efficient Air Transport, (6) Multi-modal Urban Mobility, (7) Dynamic Supply Chains. The TransformingTransport consortium combines knowledge and solutions of major European ICT and Big Data technology providers together with the competence and experience of key European industry players in the mobility and logistics domain.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-10-2015 | Award Amount: 1.97M | Year: 2016
WHY: 2015 has been named by the United Nations as the International Year of Light (light2015.org). Light has had many obvious benefits for human mankind, but it also poses some relevant threats: the everyday-increasing excess of light thrown by humans to the sky seriously threatens to remove forever one of humanitys natural wonders, the view of our universe. More importantly, it has also an adverse impact on our environment and economy (energy wasted to the sky costs 2 billion US$ per year in the USA and 6,3 billion per year in Europe) and on the health of hundreds of species, including pathologies in human beings (e.g., stress, insomnia). Many professional and amateur scientists are already fighting against light pollution. However, it is necessary to increase social awareness about the importance of preserving the darkness of our cities and environment. WHAT: STARS4ALL will create an Light Pollution Initiative (LPI) incubation platform that will allow generating (and maintaining) customizable on-demand domain-focused LPIs (e.g., a light pollution working group in Brussels). The platform will be self-sustainable: it will integrate a crowdfunding tool to obtain funding for the LPIs; it will consider incentives that motivate citizens to participate in LPIs, as well as policies to handle those incentives; and it will provide innovations in data acquisition from sensors deployed by citizens and in games with a purpose. HOW: STARS4ALL will initially deploy 10 LPIs, which will be available by the end of the 1st semester of project execution, and will be operating and creating collective awareness during the rest of the project. At that moment we pave the way the creation of other LPIs by citizens, specially in other disciplines such as Energy Saving, Biodiversity, and Human Health, and will organize open competitions among them.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST.2010.5.2-2. | Award Amount: 9.35M | Year: 2011
A sustainable and efficient freight transport in Europe plays a vital role in having a successful and competitive economy. Freight transport is expected to grow by some 50 % (in tonne-kilometres) by 2020. However rail has, in many areas, been displaced from a dominant position as road transport services have grown and developed in capability and levels of sophistication that have not been matched by rail service providers. SUSTRAIL aims to contribute to the rail freight system to allow it to regain position and market and the proposed solution is based on a combined improvement in both freight vehicle and track components in a holistic approach aimed at achieving a higher reliability and increased performance of the rail freight system as a whole and profitability for all the stakeholders. The SUSTRAIL integrated approach is based on innovations in rolling stock and freight vehicles (with a targeted increased in speed and axle-load) combined with innovations in the track components (for higher reliability and reduced maintenance), whose benefits to freight and passenger users (since mixed routes are considered) are quantified through the development of an appropriate business case with estimation of cost savings on a life cycle basis. In fact, a holistic approach to vehicle and track sustainability has to be taken, since improvements in track design and materials alone are not enough as demands on the rail system increase. Contributions from the different topic areas (vehicles, track, operations) will be demonstrated on real routes, offering geographic dispersion as well as differences in type, speed, and frequency of traffic. A strong multidisciplinary consortium committed to concrete actions aligned toward a common outcome has been grouped for the achievement of the challenging objectives of the project with a balanced combination of Infrastructure managers, freight operators and Industry, including Large and Small enterprises, with support from Academia.
News Article | December 28, 2016
Camping tents have also inspired this modern construction "buildtech sector." This new field of research focuses on animal-based fibres such as wool or silk, plant-based fibres such as linen and cotton, and synthetics such as polyester and rayon in order to develop technical or high-performance materials, thus improving the quality of construction, especially for buildings, dams, bridges, tunnels and roads. This is due to the fibres' mechanical properties, such as lightness, strength, and also resistance to such factors as creep, deterioration by chemicals, and pollutants in the air or rain. "Textiles play an important role in the modernisation of infrastructure and in sustainable buildings," explains Andrea Bassi, professor at the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (DICA), Politecnico of Milan. "Nylon and fiberglass are mixed with traditional fibres to control thermal and acoustic insulation in walls, façades and roofs. Technological innovation in materials, which includes nanotechnologies combined with traditional textiles used in clothes, enables buildings and other constructions to be designed using textiles containing steel polyvinyl chloride (PVC) or ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE). This gives the materials new antibacterial, antifungal and antimycotic properties in addition to being antistatic, sound-absorbing and water-resistant." Rooflys is another example. In this case, coated black woven textiles are placed under the roof to protect roof insulation from mould. These building textiles have also been tested for fire resistance, nail sealability, water and vapour impermeability, wind and UV resistance. In Spain, three researchers from the Technical University of Madrid (UPM) have developed a new panel made with textile waste. They claim that it can significantly enhance both the thermal and acoustic conditions of buildings, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions and the energy impact associated with the development of construction materials. Besides textiles, innovative natural fibre composite materials are a parallel field of the research on insulators that can preserve indoor air quality. These bio-based materials, such as straw and hemp, "can reduce the incidence of mould growth because they breathe. The breathability of materials refers to their ability to absorb and desorb moisture naturally," says expert Finlay White from Modcell, who contributed to the construction of what they claim are the world's first commercially available straw houses. "For example, highly insulated buildings with poor ventilation can build up high levels of moisture in the air. If the moisture meets a cool surface, it will condensate and producing mould unless it is managed. Bio-based materials have the means to absorb moisture so that the risk of condensation is reduced, preventing the potential for mould growth." The Bristol-based green technology firm is collaborating with the European Isobio project, which is testing bio-based insulators that perform 20 percent better than conventional materials. "This would lead to a 5 percent total energy reduction over the lifecycle of a building," explains Martin Ansell, from BRE Centre for Innovative Construction Materials (BRE CICM), University of Bath, U.K., another partner of the project. "Costs would also be reduced. We are evaluating the thermal and hygroscopic properties of a range of plant-derived by-products including hemp, jute, rape and straw fibres plus corn cob residues. Advanced sol-gel coatings are being deposited on these fibres to optimise these properties in order to produce highly insulating and breathable construction materials," Ansell concludes. Explore further: Homes storing CO2, just like trees
Munoz-Ferreras J.M.,University of Alcalá |
Perez-Martinez F.,Technical University of Madrid
IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters | Year: 2010
Inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) is an all-weather radar technique which may generate high-resolution images of noncooperative targets. The standard range-Doppler algorithm (RDA) is usually employed for image generation. However, the images obtained with RDA are usually blurred because of the relative motion between radar and target. As a consequence, motion compensation techniques should be used to improve the imagery quality. The range-instantaneous-Doppler (RID) technique based on timefrequency transforms has been proposed for obtaining a sequence of focused ISAR images without the need of using motion compensation techniques. However, in this letter, it is clearly shown that the migration of the target scatterers in slant range indirectly induces Doppler spreading of the scatterers' point spread function in each of the ISAR images obtained by the RID technique. This Doppler spreading means blurring. It is important to highlight that the migration in slant range may be caused not only by the radial component of the translational motion but also by the rotational motion. The application of motion compensation techniques prior to the use of the RID technique allows us to mitigate the Doppler spreading, as shown here both for simulated and live data acquired by a high-resolution coherent radar. © 2009 IEEE.
Chico D.,Technical University of Madrid |
Aldaya M.M.,Complutense University of Madrid |
Garrido A.,Technical University of Madrid
Journal of Cleaner Production | Year: 2013
This study reports the results of a water footprint (WF) assessment of five types of textiles commonly used for the production of jeans, including two different fibres (cotton and Lyocell fibre) and five corresponding production methods for spinning, dyeing and weaving. The results show that the fibre production is the stage with the highest water consumption, being cotton production particularly relevant. Therefore, the study pays particular attention to the water footprint of cotton production and analyses the effects of external factors influencing the water footprint of a product, in this case, the incentives provided by the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), and the relevance of agricultural practices to the water footprint of a product is emphasised. An extensification of the crop production led to higher WF per unit, but a lower overall pressure on the basins' water resources. This study performs a sustainability assessment of the estimated cotton WFs with the water scarcity index, as proposed by Hoekstra et al. (2011), and shows their variations in different years as a result of different water consumption by crops in the rest of the river basin. In our case, we applied the assessment to the Guadalquivir, Guadalete and Barbate river basins, three semi-arid rivers in South Spain. Because they are found to be relevant, the available water stored in dams and the outflow are also incorporated as reference points for the sustainability assessment. The study concludes that, in the case of Spanish cotton production, the situation of the basin and the policy impact are more relevant for the status of the basin's water resources than the actual WF of cotton production. Therefore, strategies aimed at reducing the impact of the water footprint of a product need to analyse both the WF along the value chain and within the local context.
Camino-Villacorta M.,Technical University of Madrid |
Egido-Aguilera M.A.,Technical University of Madrid |
Diaz P.,University of Alcalá
Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications | Year: 2012
Photovoltaic stand-alone systems (PVSAS) are the most widespread technology for rural electrification of off-grid areas, for communication systems, and for satellite applications. Such applications require high reliability to guarantee an adequate electrical supply. In these systems, charge controllers and inverters are used to fit the PV output power to the load. The power adaptation stage is essential to the proper performance of the PVSAS and to the optimization of the energy management of the system. However, there are no international standards yet approved that cover the quality requirements of this stage. This paper deals with the performance of those charge controllers that use maximum power point tracking algorithms. The aim of this work is to define the specific parameters that describe the real performance of these controllers, paying attention to their static and dynamic efficiency and establishing the acceptable minimum thresholds required for each one. A set of measurements of three commercial controllers was developed. Their behavior in real varying conditions was monitored along 1 year of operation. Results are presented here after being checked with repetitive indoor measurements using a PV array simulator. Main results of the operation in a PVSAS are included in the paper for selected representative days along the year. To perform the daily analysis, we have classified each day according to its weather conditions. The purpose is to analyze the relation between the performance of the controller and the weather variations. Within the conclusions of this work, some guidelines for the definition of test procedures for maximum power point tracking charge controllers are included. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Pena R.,University of Alcalá |
Algora C.,Technical University of Madrid
Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications | Year: 2012
In this work, a fiber-based optical powering (or power-by-light) system capable of providing more than 1 W is developed. The prototype was used in order to power a shunt regulator for controlling the activation and deactivation of solar panels in satellites. The work involves the manufacture of a light receiver (a GaAs multiple photovoltaic converter (MPC)), a power conditioning block, and a regulator and the implementation and characterization of the whole system. The MPC, with an active area of just 3.1 mm 2, was able to supply 1 W at 5 V with an efficiency of 30%. The maximum measured device efficiency was over 40% at an input power (P in) of 0.5 W. Open circuit voltage over 7 V was measured for P in over 0.5 W. A system optoelectronic efficiency (including the optical fiber, connectors, and MPC) of 27% was measured at an output power (P out) of 1 W. At P out = 0.2 W, the efficiency was as high as 36%. The power conditioning block and the regulator were successfully powered with the system. The maximum supplied power in steady state was 0.2 W, whereas in transient state, it reached 0.44 W. The paper also describes the characterization of the system within the temperature range going from -70 to +100 °C. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. In this work, a fiber-based optical powering system capable of providing more than 1 W is developed. The prototype was used in order to power a shunt regulator for controlling the activation and deactivation of solar panels in satellites. The work involves the manufacture of a light receiver (a GaAs multiple photovoltaic converter), a power conditioning block, and a regulator and the implementation and characterization of the whole system. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Lafuente A.,Technical University of Madrid |
Piera M.,Spanish University for Distance Education (UNED)
Annals of Nuclear Energy | Year: 2011
Although nuclear breeder reactors are a promising way to enhance the potential energy currently retrievable from the Uranium reserves, they still have disadvantages because of their safety features (i.e. poor stabilizing mechanisms) and the security of their fuel cycle (diversion of Pu for non-civilian purposes). Loading natural nuclear fuels to a reactor and completely burning them without reprocessing would be ideal, however, this is not possible in critical reactors due to the limitations imposed by the maximum achievable burn-up. An alternative option to attain very high percentages of nuclear natural materials exploitation, while meeting other objectives of Nuclear Sustainability, could consist of using externally-driven subcritical reactors to reach the desired high burn-ups (of the order of 30% and more) without reprocessing. Such scheme would lead to an efficient exploitation of the available raw material, without any risk of proliferation. Exploring this type of reactor concept, this paper analyzes the different ways to accomplish this goal while identifying potential setbacks. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Garcia-Martos C.,Technical University of Madrid |
Rodriguez J.,Autonomous University of Madrid |
Sanchez M.J.,Technical University of Madrid
Energy Economics | Year: 2011
The liberalization of electricity markets more than ten years ago in the vast majority of developed countries has introduced the need of modelling and forecasting electricity prices and volatilities, both in the short and long term. Thus, there is a need of providing methodology that is able to deal with the most important features of electricity price series, which are well known for presenting not only structure in conditional mean but also time-varying conditional variances. In this work we propose a new model, which allows to extract conditionally heteroskedastic common factors from the vector of electricity prices. These common factors are jointly estimated as well as their relationship with the original vector of series, and the dynamics affecting both their conditional mean and variance. The estimation of the model is carried out under the state-space formulation. The new model proposed is applied to extract seasonal common dynamic factors as well as common volatility factors for electricity prices and the estimation results are used to forecast electricity prices and their volatilities in the Spanish zone of the Iberian Market. Several simplified/alternative models are also considered as benchmarks to illustrate that the proposed approach is superior to all of them in terms of explanatory and predictive power. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Pagan I.,Technical University of Madrid |
Holguin A.,CIBER ISCIII
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013
The Caribbean and Central America are among the regions with highest HIV-1B prevalence worldwide. Despite of this high virus burden, little is known about the timing and the migration patterns of HIV-1B in these regions. Migration is one of the major processes shaping the genetic structure of virus populations. Thus, reconstruction of epidemiological network may contribute to understand HIV-1B evolution and reduce virus prevalence. We have investigated the spatio-temporal dynamics of the HIV-1B epidemic in The Caribbean and Central America using 1,610 HIV-1B partial pol sequences from 13 Caribbean and 5 Central American countries. Timing of HIV-1B introduction and virus evolutionary rates, as well as the spatial genetic structure of the HIV-1B populations and the virus migration patterns were inferred. Results revealed that in The Caribbean and Central America most of the HIV-1B variability was generated since the 80 s. At odds with previous data suggesting that Haiti was the origin of the epidemic in The Caribbean, our reconstruction indicated that the virus could have been disseminated from Puerto Rico and Antigua. These two countries connected two distinguishable migration areas corresponding to the (mainly Spanish-colonized) Easter and (mainly British-colonized) Western islands, which indicates that virus migration patterns are determined by geographical barriers and by the movement of human populations among culturally related countries. Similar factors shaped the migration of HIV-1B in Central America. The HIV-1B population was significantly structured according to the country of origin, and the genetic diversity in each country was associated with the virus prevalence in both regions, which suggests that virus populations evolve mainly through genetic drift. Thus, our work contributes to the understanding of HIV-1B evolution and dispersion pattern in the Americas, and its relationship with the geography of the area and the movements of human populations. © 2013 Pagán, Holguín.
Alonso Zotes F.,Technical University of Madrid |
Santos Penas M.,Complutense University of Madrid
Information Sciences | Year: 2010
The aim of this paper is to study the use of a genetic algorithm (GA) to optimise the ascent trajectory of a conventional two-stage launcher. The equations of motion of this system lack analytical solutions, and the number of adjustable parameters is large enough that the use of some non-traditional optimisation method becomes necessary. Two different missions are considered: first, to reach the highest possible stable, circular Low Earth Orbit (LEO); and second, to maximise the speed of a tangential escape trajectory. In this study, three variables are tuned and optimised by the GA in order to satisfy mission constraints while maximising the target function. The technical characteristics and limitations of the launcher are taken into account in the mission model, and a fixed payload weight is assumed. A variable mutation rate helps expand the search area whenever the population of solutions becomes uniform, and is shown to accelerate convergence of the GA in both cases. The obtained results are in agreement with technical specifications and solutions obtained in the past. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Montes M.J.,Spanish University for Distance Education (UNED) |
Rovira A.,Spanish University for Distance Education (UNED) |
Munoz M.,Spanish University for Distance Education (UNED) |
Martinez-Val J.M.,Technical University of Madrid
Applied Energy | Year: 2011
The contribution of solar thermal power to improve the performance of gas-fired combined cycles in very hot and dry environmental conditions is analyzed in this work, in order to assess the potential of this technique, and to feature Direct Steam Generation (DSG) as a well suited candidate for achieving very good results in this quest. The particular Integrated Solar Combined Cycle (ISCC) power plant proposed consists of a DSG parabolic trough field coupled to the bottoming steam cycle of a Combined Cycle Gas Turbine (CCGT) power plant. For this analysis, the solar thermal power plant performs in a solar dispatching mode: the gas turbine always operates at full load, only depending on ambient conditions, whereas the steam turbine is somewhat boosted to accommodate the thermal hybridization from the solar field.Although the analysis is aimed to studying such complementary effects in the widest perspective, two relevant examples are given, corresponding to two well-known sites: Almería (Spain), with a mediterranean climate, and Las Vegas (USA), with a hot and dry climate. The annual simulations show that, although the conventional CCGT power plant works worse in Las Vegas, owing to the higher temperatures, the ISCC system operates better in Las Vegas than in Almería, because of solar hybridization is especially well coupled to the CCGT power plant in the frequent days with great solar radiation and high temperatures in Las Vegas. The complementary effect will be clearly seen in these cases, because the thermal power provided by the solar field compensates the gas turbine part load performance due to the high temperatures. The economical analysis points out that this hybrid scheme is a cheaper way to exploit concentrated solar energy, although it is limited to a small fraction of the combined cycle power. The analysis also shows that the marginal cost of solar electricity is strongly influenced by the goodness of coupling, so this cost is lower in Las Vegas than in Almería. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Fernandez S.,CIEMAT |
De Abril O.,Technical University of Madrid |
Naranjo F.B.,University of Alcalá |
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells | Year: 2011
ZnO:Al films deposited at 250 °C on Corning glass by radio frequency magnetron sputtering were studied for their use as front contact for thin film silicon solar cells. For this purpose, a two-step etching method combining different concentrations of diluted hydrochloric acid (from 0.1% to 3%) with different etching times was developed. Its influence on morphological, electrical and optical properties of the etched films was evaluated. This new etching method led to more uniform textured surfaces, where the electrical properties remained unchangeable after the etching process, and with adapted light scattering properties similar to those exhibited by commercial substrates. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Lario L.D.,National University of Rosario |
Ramirez-Parra E.,Technical University of Madrid |
Gutierrez C.,Autonomous University of Madrid |
Spampinato C.P.,National University of Rosario |
Casati P.,National University of Rosario
Plant Physiology | Year: 2013
ANTI-SILENCING FUNCTION1 (ASF1) is a key histone H3/H4 chaperone that participates in a variety of DNA- and chromatin-related processes, including DNA repair, where chromatin assembly and disassembly are of primary relevance. Information concerning the role of ASF1 proteins in the post-ultraviolet (UV) response in higher plants is currently limited. In Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), an initial analysis of in vivo localization of ASF1A and ASF1B indicates that both proteins are mainly expressed in proliferative tissues. In silico promoter analysis identified ASF1A and ASF1B as potential targets of Elongation Factor2 (E2F) transcription factors. These observations were experimentally validated, both in vitro, by electrophoretic mobility shift assays, and in vivo, by chromatin immunoprecipitation assays and expression analysis using transgenic plants with altered levels of different E2F transcription factors. These data suggest that ASF1A and ASF1B are regulated during cell cycle progression through E2F transcription factors. In addition, we found that ASF1A and ASF1B are associated with the UV-B-induced DNA damage response in Arabidopsis. Transcript levels of ASF1A and ASF1B were increased following UV-B treatment. Consistent with a potential role in UV-B response, RNA interference-silenced plants of both genes showed increased sensitivity to UV-B compared with wild-type plants. Finally, by coimmunoprecipitation analysis, we found that ASF1 physically interacts with amino-terminal acetylated histones H3 and H4 and with acetyltransferases of the Histone Acetyl Transferase subfamily, which are known to be involved in cell cycle control and DNA repair, among other functions. Together, we provide evidence that ASF1A and ASF1B are regulated by cell cycle progression and are involved in DNA repair after UV-B irradiation. © 2013 American Society of Plant Biologists. All Rights Reserved.
Ceron I.,Technical University of Madrid |
Neila J.,Technical University of Madrid |
Khayet M.,Complutense University of Madrid
Energy and Buildings | Year: 2011
The use of phase change materials (PCM) and their possible architectural integration is a path in the search for optimizing energy efficiency in construction. As part of this path, a pavement has been designed which, in combination with the PCM, serves as a passive thermal conditioning system (new patent n°. ES2333092 A1) . The prototype has been tested experimentally and the results proved that it is a viable constructive solution improving the energy performance of sunny locals. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Besada-Portas E.,Complutense University of Madrid |
Lopez-Orozco J.A.,Complutense University of Madrid |
Besada J.,Technical University of Madrid |
De La Cruz J.M.,Complutense University of Madrid
Automatica | Year: 2011
This paper presents a set of new centralized algorithms for estimating the state of linear dynamic Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) control systems with asynchronous, non-systematically delayed and corrupted measurements provided by a set of sensors. The delays, which make the data available Out-Of-Sequence (OOS), appear when using physically distributed sensors, communication networks and pre-processing algorithms. The potentially corrupted measurements can be generated by malfunctioning sensors or communication errors. Our algorithms, designed to work with real-time control systems, handle these problems with a streamlined memory and computational efficient reorganization of the basic operations of the Kalman and Information Filters (KF & IF). The two versions designed to deal only with valid measurements are optimal solutions of the OOS problem, while the other two remaining are suboptimal algorithms able to handle corrupted data. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Baeza A.,CIBER ISCIII |
Guisasola E.,Complutense University of Madrid |
Guisasola E.,Technical University of Madrid |
Ruiz-Hernandez E.,CIBER ISCIII |
And 2 more authors.
Chemistry of Materials | Year: 2012
The treatment of complex diseases such as cancer pathologies requires the simultaneously administration of several drugs in order to improve the effectiveness of the therapy and overwhelm the defensive mechanisms of tumor cells, responsible of the apparition of multidrug resistance (MDR). In this manuscript, a novel nanodevice able to perform remotely controlled release of small molecules and proteins in response to an alternating magnetic field has been presented. This device is based on mesoporous silica nanoparticles with iron oxide nanocrystals encapsulated inside the silica matrix and decorated on the surface with a thermoresponsive copolymer of poly(ethyleneimine)-b-poly(N- isopropylacrylamide) (PEI/NIPAM). The polymer structure has been designed with a double purpose, to act as temperature-responsive gatekeeper for the drugs trapped inside the silica matrix and, on the other hand, to retain proteins into the polymer shell by electrostatic or hydrogen bonds interactions. The nanocarrier traps the different cargos at low temperatures (20 °C) and releases the retained molecules when the temperature exceeds 35-40 °C following different kinetics. The ability to remotely trigger the release of different therapeutic agents in a controlled manner in response to a nontoxic and highly penetrating external stimulus as alternating magnetic field, along with the synergic effect associated to hyperthermia and chemotherapy, and the possibility to use this nanocarrier as contrast agent in magnetic resonance imagining (MRI) convert this nanodevice in an excellent promising candidate for further studies for oncology therapy. © 2012 American Chemical Society.
Masa-Campos J.L.,Autonomous University of Madrid |
Sierra-Perez M.,Technical University of Madrid
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation | Year: 2011
A linearly polarized radial line patch antenna with internal coupling patches is presented. A non-resonant antenna structure has been designed, with a 0.68 lambda;0 radial spacing between element rings. A uniform amplitude and phase feed scheme has been implemented. Therefore, a phase compensation microstrip structure (external to the radial waveguide) has been included for a broadside radiation beam. Likewise, a compensation method has been used to avoid internal reflection problems in the waveguide. An antenna prototype has been built. 28.2 dBi gain and 70% efficiency peak values have been measured at DBS band, with reasonable agreement between simulations and measurements. © 2011 IEEE.
Iglesias A.,Technical University of Madrid |
Quiroga S.,University of Alcalá |
Diz A.,Technical University of Madrid
European Review of Agricultural Economics | Year: 2011
Looking into the future of agriculture raises three challenging questions: How can agriculture deal with an uncertain future? How do local vulnerabilities and global disparities respond to this uncertain future? How should we prioritise adaptation to overcome the resulting future risks? This paper analyses the broad question of how climate change science may provide some insights into these issues. The data provided for the analysis are the product of our new research on global impacts of climate change in agriculture. The questions are analysed across world regions to provide some thoughts on policy development. © Oxford University Press and Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics 2011; all rights reserved.
Karakaya E.,Technical University of Madrid |
Karakaya E.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology |
Hidalgo A.,Technical University of Madrid |
Nuur C.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2015
In some countries, photovoltaic (PV) technology is at a stage of development at which it can compete with conventional electricity sources in terms of electricity generation costs, i.e., grid parity. A case in point is Germany, where the PV market has reached a mature stage, the policy support has scaled down and the diffusion rate of PV systems has declined. This development raises a fundamental question: what are the motives to adopt PV systems at grid parity? The point of departure for the relevant literature has been on the impact of policy support, adopters and, recently, local solar companies. However, less attention has been paid to the motivators for adoption at grid parity. This paper presents an in-depth analysis of the diffusion of PV systems, explaining the impact of policy measures, adopters and system suppliers. Anchored in an extensive and exploratory case study in Germany, we provide a context-specific explanation to the motivations to adopt PV systems at grid parity. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Villagra J.,Technical University of Madrid |
d'Andrea-Novel B.,MINES ParisTech |
Fliess M.,French Institute for Research in Computer Science and Automation |
Mounier H.,University Paris - Sud
Control Engineering Practice | Year: 2011
A new approach to estimate vehicle tire forces and road maximum adherence is presented. Contrarily to most of the previous works on this subject, it is not an asymptotic observer-based estimation, but a combination of elementary diagnosis tools and new algebraic techniques for filtering and estimating derivatives of noisy signals. In a first step, instantaneous friction and lateral forces will be computed within this framework. Then, extended braking stiffness concept is exploited to detect which braking efforts allow to distinguish a road type from another. A weighted Dugoff model is used during these 'distinguishable' intervals to estimate the maximum friction coefficient. Very promising results have been obtained in noisy simulations and real experimentations for most of the driving situations. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Dumbser M.,University of Trento |
Zanotti O.,University of Trento |
Hidalgo A.,Technical University of Madrid |
Balsara D.S.,University of Notre Dame
Journal of Computational Physics | Year: 2013
We present the first high order one-step ADER-WENO finite volume scheme with adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) in multiple space dimensions. High order spatial accuracy is obtained through a WENO reconstruction, while a high order one-step time discretization is achieved using a local space-time discontinuous Galerkin predictor method. Due to the one-step nature of the underlying scheme, the resulting algorithm is particularly well suited for an AMR strategy on space-time adaptive meshes, i.e. with time-accurate local time stepping. The AMR property has been implemented 'cell-by-cell', with a standard tree-type algorithm, while the scheme has been parallelized via the message passing interface (MPI) paradigm. The new scheme has been tested over a wide range of examples for nonlinear systems of hyperbolic conservation laws, including the classical Euler equations of compressible gas dynamics and the equations of magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). High order in space and time have been confirmed via a numerical convergence study and a detailed analysis of the computational speed-up with respect to highly refined uniform meshes is also presented. We also show test problems where the presented high order AMR scheme behaves clearly better than traditional second order AMR methods. The proposed scheme that combines for the first time high order ADER methods with space-time adaptive grids in two and three space dimensions is likely to become a useful tool in several fields of computational physics, applied mathematics and mechanics. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Seco-Granados G.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia |
Lopez-Salcedo J.A.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia |
Jimenez-Banos D.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia |
Lopez-Risueno G.,Technical University of Madrid
IEEE Signal Processing Magazine | Year: 2012
Accurately determining ones position has been a recurrent problem in history . It even precedes the first deep-sea navigation attempts of ancient civilizations and reaches the present time with the issue of legal mandates for the location identification of emergency calls in cellular networks and the emergence of location-based services. The science and technology for positioning and navigation has experienced a dramatic evolution . The observation of celestial bodies for navigation purposes has been replaced today by the use of electromagnetic waveforms emitted from reference sources  © 2012 IEEE.
Corcoles J.,Autonomous University of Madrid |
Gonzalez M.A.,Technical University of Madrid
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation | Year: 2012
A novel procedure to thin an antenna array which synthesizes a desired pattern with the minimum number of active elements is introduced. The proposed method yields both the active elements and their corresponding excitations of a thinned array having the minimum number of active elements needed to meet several prescribed design specifications of the radiated farfield pattern. Specifications such as achieving a minimum gain, obtaining a pattern with a maximum allowable sidelobe level or synthesizing a shaped beam pattern confined into a mask are considered. Null field directions can also be added. In order to carry out the thinning, a genetic algorithm is used, while computing the excitations is carried out through linear or quadratic programming. The procedure incorporates the generalized scattering matrix analysis of an array made up of elements whose radiated field can be expressed as a spherical mode expansion, thus taking all electromagnetic effects inherently into account. Therefore, since the presence of an element can substantially alter the array features because of mutual coupling, two types of thinning are considered: removing elements or turning them off. Numerical results of arrays made up of isotropic sources, dielectric resonator antennas and microstrip patch antennas are presented. © 2012 IEEE.
Karakaya E.,Technical University of Madrid |
Karakaya E.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology |
Hidalgo A.,Technical University of Madrid |
Nuur C.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2014
Literature in the field of eco-innovations often focuses on policy, regulations, technology, market and firm specific factors rather than diffusion. However, understanding of diffusion of eco-innovations recently has gained more importance given the fact that some eco-innovations are already at a mature stage. This paper aims to clarify the concept of diffusion of eco-innovation and provide a current overview of this emerging literature. Within this review framework, we identify the most cited relevant publications and corresponding research streams. We also describe the strengths and limitations of these research streams in the concept of diffusion of eco-innovations. The results summarize insights from different research streams in different disciplines and outline an entry point for researchers new to the emerging field of diffusion of eco-innovations. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Boccaletti S.,CNR Institute for Complex Systems |
Bianconi G.,Queen Mary, University of London |
Criado R.,Rey Juan Carlos University |
Criado R.,Technical University of Madrid |
And 9 more authors.
Physics Reports | Year: 2014
In the past years, network theory has successfully characterized the interaction among the constituents of a variety of complex systems, ranging from biological to technological, and social systems. However, up until recently, attention was almost exclusively given to networks in which all components were treated on equivalent footing, while neglecting all the extra information about the temporal- or context-related properties of the interactions under study. Only in the last years, taking advantage of the enhanced resolution in real data sets, network scientists have directed their interest to the multiplex character of real-world systems, and explicitly considered the time-varying and multilayer nature of networks. We offer here a comprehensive review on both structural and dynamical organization of graphs made of diverse relationships (layers) between its constituents, and cover several relevant issues, from a full redefinition of the basic structural measures, to understanding how the multilayer nature of the network affects processes and dynamics. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Khayet M.,Complutense University of Madrid |
Fernandez V.,Technical University of Madrid
Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling | Year: 2012
Background: Most aerial plant parts are covered with a hydrophobic lipid-rich cuticle, which is the interface between the plant organs and the surrounding environment. Plant surfaces may have a high degree of hydrophobicity because of the combined effects of surface chemistry and roughness. The physical and chemical complexity of the plant cuticle limits the development of models that explain its internal structure and interactions with surface-applied agrochemicals. In this article we introduce a thermodynamic method for estimating the solubilities of model plant surface constituents and relating them to the effects of agrochemicals. Results: Following the van Krevelen and Hoftyzer method, we calculated the solubility parameters of three model plant species and eight compounds that differ in hydrophobicity and polarity. In addition, intact tissues were examined by scanning electron microscopy and the surface free energy, polarity, solubility parameter and work of adhesion of each were calculated from contact angle measurements of three liquids with different polarities. By comparing the affinities between plant surface constituents and agrochemicals derived from (a) theoretical calculations and (b) contact angle measurements we were able to distinguish the physical effect of surface roughness from the effect of the chemical nature of the epicuticular waxes. A solubility parameter model for plant surfaces is proposed on the basis of an increasing gradient from the cuticular surface towards the underlying cell wall. Conclusions: The procedure enabled us to predict the interactions among agrochemicals, plant surfaces, and cuticular and cell wall components, and promises to be a useful tool for improving our understanding of biological surface interactions. © 2012 Khayet and Fernández; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Santarsiero M.,Third University of Rome |
Piquero G.,Complutense University of Madrid |
De Sande J.C.G.,Technical University of Madrid |
Gori F.,Third University of Rome
Optics Letters | Year: 2014
Generally speaking, the difference between two cross-spectral densities (CSDs) does not represent a correlation function. We will furnish a sufficient condition so that such difference be a valid CSD. Using such a condition, we will show through some exampleshownew classes of CSDs can be generated. ©2014 Optical Society of America.
Aurell E.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology |
Aurell E.,Albanova University Center |
Aurell E.,Aalto University |
Mejia-Monasterio C.,University of Helsinki |
And 2 more authors.
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2011
Thermodynamics of small systems has become an important field of statistical physics. Such systems are driven out of equilibrium by a control, and the question is naturally posed how such a control can be optimized. We show that optimization problems in small system thermodynamics are solved by (deterministic) optimal transport, for which very efficient numerical methods have been developed, and of which there are applications in cosmology, fluid mechanics, logistics, and many other fields. We show, in particular, that minimizing expected heat released or work done during a nonequilibrium transition in finite time is solved by the Burgers equation and mass transport by the Burgers velocity field. Our contribution hence considerably extends the range of solvable optimization problems in small system thermodynamics. © 2011 American Physical Society.
Pearce D.,Technical University of Madrid |
Valverde A.,University of Malaga
Journal of Computer and System Sciences | Year: 2012
Even within a single knowledge representation system there are often many different ways to model a given domain and formalise a reasoning problem specified over the domain. In particular, two knowledge descriptions can be semantically equivalent even if they are expressed in quite different languages or vocabularies. This paper proposes and studies a concept of synonymy that applies to equivalent theories formulated in distinct vocabularies. We suggest a set of general desiderata or criteria of adequacy that any reasonable synonymy concept should satisfy. We then analyse a specific concept of synonymy within answer set programming (ASP), a framework that is currently being applied with success in many areas of knowledge technology. We characterise this concept in different ways, show that it satisfies the prescribed criteria of adequacy, and illustrate how it can be applied to a sample problem arising in knowledge representation and reasoning. As a logical framework we use quantified equilibrium logic based on a first-order version of the logic of here-and-there. This serves as an adequate formal foundation for ASP and allows us to obtain a logical account of the synonymy relation. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Garcia-Martos C.,Technical University of Madrid |
Rodriguez J.,Autonomous University of Madrid |
Sanchez M.J.,Technical University of Madrid
Applied Energy | Year: 2013
In the current uncertain context that affects both the world economy and the energy sector, with the rapid increase in the prices of oil and gas and the very unstable political situation that affects some of the largest raw materials' producers, there is a need for developing efficient and powerful quantitative tools that allow to model and forecast fossil fuel prices, CO2 emission allowances prices as well as electricity prices. This will improve decision making for all the agents involved in energy issues.Although there are papers focused on modelling fossil fuel prices, CO2 prices and electricity prices, the literature is scarce on attempts to consider all of them together. This paper focuses on both building a multivariate model for the aforementioned prices and comparing its results with those of univariate ones, in terms of prediction accuracy (univariate and multivariate models are compared for a large span of days, all in the first 4 months in 2011) as well as extracting common features in the volatilities of the prices of all these relevant magnitudes. The common features in volatility are extracted by means of a conditionally heteroskedastic dynamic factor model which allows to solve the curse of dimensionality problem that commonly arises when estimating multivariate GARCH models. Additionally, the common volatility factors obtained are useful for improving the forecasting intervals and have a nice economical interpretation.Besides, the results obtained and methodology proposed can be useful as a starting point for risk management or portfolio optimization under uncertainty in the current context of energy markets. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Zevallos V.F.,King's College London |
Herencia L.I.,Technical University of Madrid |
Chang F.,St Thomas Hospital |
Donnelly S.,King's College London |
And 2 more authors.
American Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2014
OBJECTIVES:Celiac disease is an enteropathy triggered by dietary gluten found in wheat, rye, and barley. Treatment involves a strict gluten-free diet (GFD). Quinoa is a highly nutritive plant from the Andes that has been recommended as part of a GFD. However, in-vitro data suggested that quinoa prolamins can stimulate innate and adaptive immune responses in celiac patients. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the in-vivo effects of eating quinoa in adult celiac patients.METHODS:Nineteen treated celiac patients consumed 50 g of quinoa every day for 6 weeks as part of their usual GFD. We evaluated diet, serology, and gastrointestinal parameters. Furthermore, we carried out detail histological assessment of 10 patients before and after eating quinoa.RESULTS: Gastrointestinal parameters were normal. The ratio of villus height to crypt depth improved from slightly below normal values (2.8:1) to normal levels (3:1), surface-enterocyte cell height improved from 28.76 to 29.77 μm and the number of intra-epithelial lymphocytes per 100 enterocytes decreased from 30.3 to 29.7. Median values for all the blood tests remained within normal ranges, although total cholesterol (n=19) decreased from 4.6 to 4.3 mmol/l, low-density lipoprotein decreased from 2.46 to 2.45 mmol/l, high-density lipoprotein decreased from 1.8 to 1.68 mmol/l and triglycerides decreased from 0.80 to 0.79 mmol/l.CONCLUSIONS:Addition of quinoa to the GFD of celiac patients was well tolerated and did not exacerbate the condition. There was a positive trend toward improved histological and serological parameters, particularly a mild hypocholesterolemic effect. Overall, this is the first clinical data suggesting that daily 50 g of quinoa for 6 weeks can be safely tolerated by celiac patients. However, further studies are needed to determine the long-term effects of quinoa consumption. © 2014 by the American College of Gastroenterology.
Rovira A.,Spanish University for Distance Education (UNED) |
Munoz-Anton J.,Technical University of Madrid |
Montes M.J.,Spanish University for Distance Education (UNED) |
Martinez-Val J.M.,Technical University of Madrid
Energy | Year: 2013
Future electricity generation will involve low or moderate temperature technologies. In such a scenario, optimisation of thermodynamic cycles will be a key task. This work presents a systematic analysis to find the operating regime where Brayton cycles reach the highest efficiency, using real substances and given heat source and sink temperatures. Several configurations using fluids close to its critical point at the compressor inlet are considered. Irreversibility sources are carefully analysed, as well as the type of working fluid. The analysis is performed by means of a theoretical approach to obtain some trends, which are afterwards validated with real gases. Results show that the efficiency and the specific work improve if the compressor inlet is close to the critical point. Furthermore, these cycles are less sensitive to pressure drops and politropic efficiencies than those working with ideal gases. The above features are more evident when the ratio of heat source and heat sink temperatures is low. The selection of the gas becomes a fundamental issue in this quest. Critical temperature should be close to ambient temperature, low critical pressure is advisable and the R/cp factor measured at the ideal gas condition should be low to further enhance the efficiency. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Negreanu M.,Complutense University of Madrid |
Tello J.I.,Technical University of Madrid
Nonlinearity | Year: 2013
In this paper, we study a system of partial differential equations describing the evolution of a population under chemotactic effects with non-local reaction terms. We consider an external application of chemoattractant in the system and study the cases of one and two populations in competition. By introducing global competitive/cooperative factors in terms of the total mass of the populations, we obtain, for a range of parameters, that any solution with positive and bounded initial data converges to a spatially homogeneous state with positive components. The proofs rely on the maximum principle for spatially homogeneous sub- and super-solutions. © 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd & London Mathematical Society.
Guslienko K.Y.,University of the Basque Country |
Heredero R.H.,Ikerbasque |
Chubykalo-Fesenko O.,Technical University of Madrid |
Chubykalo-Fesenko O.,CSIC - Institute of Materials Science
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics | Year: 2010
The quasistationary and transient (nanosecond) regimes of nonlinear vortex dynamics in a soft magnetic dot driven by an oscillating external field are studied. We derive a nonlinear dynamical system of equations for the vortex core position and phase, assuming that the main source of nonlinearity comes from the magnetostatic energy. In the stationary regime, we demonstrate the occurrence of a fold-over bifurcation and calculate analytically the resonant nonlinear vortex frequencies as a function of the amplitude and frequency of the applied driving field. In the transient regime, we show that the vortex core dynamics are described by an oscillating trajectory radius. The resulting dynamics contain multiple frequencies with amplitude decaying in time. Finally, we evaluate the ranges of the system parameters leading to a vortex core instability (core polarization reversal). © 2010 The American Physical Society.
Rodriguez T.,Spanish University for Distance Education (UNED) |
Garcia N.,Technical University of Madrid
Machine Vision and Applications | Year: 2010
In this paper we describe a computer vision-based traffic monitoring system able to detect individual vehicles in real-time. Our fully integrated system first obtains the main traffic variables: counting, speed and category; and then computes a complete set of statistical variables. The objective is to investigate some of the difficulties impeding existing traffic systems to achieve balanced accuracy in every condition; i.e. day and night transitions, shadows, heavy vehicles, occlusions, slow traffic and congestions. The system we present is autonomous, works for long periods of time without human intervention and adapts automatically to the changing environmental conditions. Several innovations, designed to deal with the above circumstances, are proposed in the paper: an integrated calibration and image rectification step, differentiated methods for day and night, an adaptive segmentation algorithm, a multistage shadow detection method and special considerations for heavy vehicle identification and treatment of slow traffic. A specific methodology has been developed to benchmark the accuracy of the different methods proposed. © Springer-Verlag 2009.
Charco M.,Complutense University of Madrid |
del Sastre P.G.,Technical University of Madrid
Geophysical Journal International | Year: 2014
Numerical techniques, as such as finite element method, allow for the inclusion of features, such as topography and/or mechanical heterogeneities, for the interpretation of volcanic deformation. However, models based on these numerical techniques usually are not suitable to be included in non-linear estimations of source parameters based on explorative optimization schemes because they require a calculation of the numerical approach for every evaluation of the misfit function.We present a procedure for finite element (FE) models that can be combined with explorative inversion schemes. The methodology is based on including a body force term representing an infinitesimal source in the model formulation that is responsible for pressure (volume) changes in the medium. This provides significant savings in both the time required for mesh generation and actual computational time of the numerical approach. Furthermore, we develop an inversion algorithm to estimate those parameters that characterize the changes in location and pressure (volume) of deformation sources. Both provide FE inversions in a single step, avoiding remeshing and assembly of the linear system of algebraic equations that define the numerical approach and/or the automatic mesh generation. After providing the theoretical basis for the model, the numerical approach and the algorithm for the inversions, we test the methodology using a synthetic example in a stratovolcano. Our results suggest that the FE inversion methodology can be considered suitable for efficiently save time in quantitative interpretations of volcano deformation. © The Authors 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society.
De Sande J.C.G.,Technical University of Madrid |
Piquero G.,Complutense University of Madrid |
Teijeiro C.,Complutense University of Madrid
Journal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision | Year: 2012
Lyot depolarizers are optical devices made of birefringent materials used for producing unpolarized beams from totally polarized incident light. The depolarization is produced for polychromatic input beams due to the different phase introduced by the Lyot depolarizer for each wavelength. The effect of this device on other types of incident fields is investigated. In particular two cases are analyzed: (i) monochromatic and nonuniformly polarized incident beams and (ii) incident light synthesized by superposition of two monochromatic orthogonally polarized beams with different wavelengths. In the last case, it is theoretically and experimentally shown that the Lyot depolarizer increases the degree of polarization instead of depolarizes. © 2012 Optical Society of America.
Gurrutxaga M.,University of the Basque Country |
Saura S.,Technical University of Madrid
Environmental Conservation | Year: 2014
Transport infrastructures are a major driver of global landscape change. In many areas, highways were built before environmental impact assessments required the implementation of wildlife crossing structures. A fundamental task in the development of ecological networks is identifying areas where dispersal pathways of vulnerable populations may be blocked or affected by high volume roads. Financial considerations may limit investment, thus it is vital to establish the relative contribution of each road defragmentation location to upholding habitat connectivity and availability. In this paper, recent methodological developments in habitat network analysis, derived from the probability of connectivity index, were refined and used to evaluate the role of each highway defragmentation location in restoring landscape connectivity. The forest protected area network in the Basque country (northern Spain) was selected as an illustrative case study. The proposed approach was able to quantify and effectively account for a combination of factors determining the contribution of each highway defragmentation location to upholding connectivity, which are rarely jointly considered in analyses oriented to support restoration decisions in landscapes affected by the barrier effect of transport infrastructures. The contribution to connectivity of each defragmentation location depended on its topological position in the landscape, on the relative decrease in the effective distance among habitat areas that results from the permeability restoration at that location, on the distance from the defragmentation location to other alternative wildlife crossing structures already existing in the landscape, on the amount of habitat in the areas connected by the linkages that run through the defragmentation location and on the dispersal abilities of the focal species. © Foundation for Environmental Conservation 2013.
Martin H. J.A.,Complutense University of Madrid |
Santos M.,Complutense University of Madrid |
de Lope J.,Technical University of Madrid
Information Sciences | Year: 2010
Moments are statistical measures used to obtain relevant information about a certain object under study (e.g., signals, images or waveforms), e.g., to describe the shape of an object to be recognized by a pattern recognition system. Invariant moments (e.g., the Hu invariant set) are a special kind of these statistical measures designed to remain constant after some transformations, such as object rotation, scaling, translation, or image illumination changes, in order to, e.g., improve the reliability of a pattern recognition system. The classical moment invariants methodology is based on the determination of a set of transformations (or perturbations) for which the system must remain unaltered. Although very well established, the classical moment invariants theory has been mainly used for processing single static images (i.e. snapshots) and the use of image moments to analyze images sequences or video, from a dynamic point of view, has not been sufficiently explored and is a subject of much interest nowadays. In this paper, we propose the use of variant moments as an alternative to the classical approach. This approach presents clear differences compared to the classical moment invariants approach, that in specific domains have important advantages. The difference between the classical invariant and the proposed variant approach is mainly (but not solely) conceptual: invariants are sensitive to any image change or perturbation for which they are not invariant, so any unexpected perturbation will affect the measurements (i.e. is subject to uncertainty); on the contrary, a variant moment is designed to be sensitive to a specific perturbation, i.e., to measure a transformation, not to be invariant to it, and thus if the specific perturbation occurs it will be measured; hence any unexpected disturbance will not affect the objective of the measurement confronting thus uncertainty. Furthermore, given the fact that the proposed variant moments are orthogonal (i.e. uncorrelated) it is possible to considerably reduce the total inherent uncertainty. The presented approach has been applied to interesting open problems in computer vision such as shape analysis, image segmentation, tracking object deformations and object motion tracking, obtaining encouraging results and proving the effectiveness of the proposed approach. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Duro R.J.,University of La Coruña |
Grana M.,University of the Basque Country |
De Lope J.,Technical University of Madrid
Information Sciences | Year: 2010
The area of cognitive or intelligent robotics is moving from the single monolithic robot control and behavior problem to that of controlling robots with multiple components or multiple robots operating together, and even collaborating, in dynamic and unstructured environments. This paper introduces the topic and provides a general overview of the current state of the field of Multicomponent Robotic Systems focusing on providing some insights into where Hybrid Intelligent Systems could provide key contributions to its advancement. Thus, the aim is to identify prospective research areas and to try to delimit the field from the point of view of the following essential problem: how to coordinate multiple robotic elements in order to perform useful tasks. © 2010 Published by Elsevier Inc.
Molina M.,Technical University of Madrid |
Bayarri S.,Valencia Technologies
Computers and Geosciences | Year: 2011
A useful strategy for improving disaster risk management is sharing spatial data across different technical organizations using shared information systems. However, the implementation of this type of system requires a large effort, so it is difficult to find fully implemented and sustainable information systems that facilitate sharing multinational spatial data about disasters, especially in developing countries. In this paper, we describe a pioneer system for sharing spatial information that we developed for the Andean Community. This system, called SIAPAD (Andean Information System for Disaster Prevention and Relief), integrates spatial information from 37 technical organizations in the Andean countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru). SIAPAD was based on the concept of a thematic Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) and includes a web application, called GEORiesgo, which helps users to find relevant information with a knowledge-based system. In the paper, we describe the design and implementation of SIAPAD together with general conclusions and future directions which we learned as a result of this work. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Arrospide J.,Technical University of Madrid |
Arrospide J.,Altran GmbH |
Salgado L.,Technical University of Madrid |
Salgado L.,Autonomous University of Madrid
IEEE Transactions on Image Processing | Year: 2013
Vehicle detection based on image analysis has attracted increasing attention in recent years due to its low cost, flexibility, and potential toward collision avoidance. In particular, vehicle verification is especially challenging on account of the heterogeneity of vehicles in color, size, pose, etc. Image-based vehicle verification is usually addressed as a supervised classification problem. Specifically, descriptors using Gabor filters have been reported to show good performance in this task. However, Gabor functions have a number of drawbacks relating to their frequency response. The main contribution of this paper is the proposal and evaluation of a new descriptor based on the alternative family of log-Gabor functions for vehicle verification, as opposed to existing Gabor filter-based descriptors. These filters are theoretically superior to Gabor filters as they can better represent the frequency properties of natural images. As a second contribution, and in contrast to existing approaches, which transfer the standard configuration of filters used for other applications to the vehicle classification task, an in-depth analysis of the required filter configuration by both Gabor and log-Gabor descriptors for this particular application is performed for fair comparison. The extensive experiments conducted in this paper confirm that the proposed log-Gabor descriptor significantly outperforms the standard Gabor filter for image-based vehicle verification. © 1992-2012 IEEE.
Gomez-Barroso J.L.,Spanish University for Distance Education (UNED) |
Feijo C.,Technical University of Madrid
Telecommunications Policy | Year: 2010
Public activity in the telecommunications industry has experienced important transformations in the last decade: "reinvolvement" in infrastructure deployment, "innovative" boosting measures, and decentralisation of some decisions. Conceptually, even more important than the measures themselves is the fact that private agents often participate in their realisation and execution. This paper reviews how justifications for public action that would apply to any economic activity area have modelled the public-private relationship in the telecommunications sector. Subsequently, it focuses on the analysis of the new spaces for public-private collaboration that are currently opening up. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Fernandez-Ruiz V.,Complutense University of Madrid |
Claret A.,IRTA Food Technology |
Chaya C.,Technical University of Madrid
Food Quality and Preference | Year: 2013
Food neophobia has been the subject of many studies over the last two decades in several countries, as it affects both the quality and variety of foods in the diet. Pliner and Hobden (1992) developed and tested a 10-item verbal instrument, the Food Neophobia Scale (FNS) to quantify this individual trait. FNS has been widely applied to predict willingness to try new foods. There has been concern about the meaning and interpretation of individual FNS statements in different populations and cultures. Although it is tempting to compare FNS scores across these studies, appropriate psychometric analyses are required to test the scale and allow cross-cultural comparisons. In Spain, there are few studies based on testing the FNS in the Spanish language, as well as its application among the Spanish people. Therefore, the aim of this study is to propose and test a Spanish version of the FNS using different psychometric measures and to study food neophobia among Spanish consumers (N= 309).The results showed that the Spanish food neophobia mean value was 31.74 (S.D. 10.98). Gender effect was close to significance (p< 0.062) and age effect was significant (p< 0.003). Reliability of FNS was assessed, FNS Cronbach's alpha was 0.82 and item-total correlations for items 9, 3 and 2 ranged from 0.52 to 0.57, showing lower associations of these items to food neophobia scores. PCA results also showed that the Second Principal Component clearly separates reversed (negative correlation) from unreversed items (positive correlation). In fact, the relationship between FNS and willingness to try two unfamiliar foods (aloe vera drink and rice sesame sweet) was confirmed (p< 0.05). In conclusion, the proposed Spanish version of the FNS performs properly with Spanish consumers. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Genaim S.,Complutense University of Madrid |
Zanardini D.,Technical University of Madrid
Theoretical Computer Science | Year: 2013
In programming languages with dynamic use of memory, such as Java, knowing that a reference variable x points to an acyclic data structure is valuable for the analysis of termination and resource usage (e.g., execution time or memory consumption). For instance, this information guarantees that the depth of the data structure to which x points is greater than the depth of the data structure pointed to by x.f for any field f of x. This, in turn, allows bounding the number of iterations of a loop which traverses the structure by its depth, which is essential in order to prove the termination or infer the resource usage of the loop. The present paper provides an Abstract-Interpretation-based formalization of a static analysis for inferring acyclicity, which works on the reduced product of two abstract domains: reachability, which models the property that the location pointed to by a variable w can be reached by dereferencing another variable v (in this case, v is said to reach w); and cyclicity, modeling the property that v can point to a cyclic data structure. The analysis is proven to be sound and optimal with respect to the chosen abstraction. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Castro L.,Spanish University for Distance Education (UNED) |
Toro M.A.,Technical University of Madrid
Journal of Theoretical Biology | Year: 2013
In humans, cultural transmission occurs usually by cumulative inheritance, generating complex adaptive behavioral features. Cumulative culture requires key psychological processes (fundamentally imitation and teaching) that are absent or impoverished in non-human primates. In this paper we analyze the role that teaching has played in human cumulative cultural evolution. We assume that a system of cumulative culture generates increasingly adaptive behaviors, that are also more complex and difficult to imitate. Our thesis is that, as cultural traits become more complex, cumulative cultural transmission requires teaching to ensure accurate transmission from one generation to the next. In an increasingly complex cultural environment, we consider that individuals commit errors in imitation. We develop a model of cumulative cultural evolution in a changing environment and show that these errors hamper the process of cultural accumulation. We also show that a system of teaching between parents and offspring that increases the fidelity of imitation unblocks the accumulation and becomes adaptive whenever the gain in fitness compensates the cost of teaching. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Quirce S.,CIBER ISCIII |
Diaz-Perales A.,Technical University of Madrid
Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research | Year: 2013
Grain-induced asthma is a frequent occupational allergic disease mainly caused by inhalation of cereal flour or powder. The main professions affected are bakers, confectioners, pastry factory workers, millers, farmers, and cereal handlers. This disorder is usually due to an IgE-mediated allergic response to inhalation of cereal flour proteins. The major causative allergens of grain-related asthma are proteins derived from wheat, rye and barley flour, although baking additives, such as fungal a-amylase are also important. This review deals with the current diagnosis and treatment of grain-induced asthma, emphasizing the role of cereal allergens as molecular tools to enhance diagnosis and management of this disorder. Asthma-like symptoms caused by endotoxin exposure among grain workers are beyond the scope of this review. Progress is being made in the characterization of grain and bakery allergens, particularly cereal-derived allergens, as well as in the standardization of allergy tests. Salt-soluble proteins (albumins plus globulins), particularly members of the a-amylase/trypsin inhibitor family, thioredoxins, peroxidase, lipid transfer protein and other soluble enzymes show the strongest IgE reactivities in wheat flour. In addition, prolamins (not extractable by salt solutions) have also been claimed as potential allergens. However, the large variability of IgE-binding patterns of cereal proteins among patients with grain-induced asthma, together with the great differences in the concentrations of potential allergens observed in commercial cereal extracts used for diagnosis, highlight the necessity to standardize and improve the diagnostic tools. Removal from exposure to the offending agents is the cornerstone of the management of grain-induced asthma. The availability of purified allergens should be very helpful for a more refined diagnosis, and new immunomodulatory treatments, including allergen immunotherapy and biological drugs, should aid in the management of patients with this disorder. © Copyright The Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SEC-2007-4.2-02 | Award Amount: 6.32M | Year: 2008
The Second Generation Locator for Urban Search and Rescue Operations (SGL for USaR) is mission oriented towards solving critical problems following large scale structural collapses in urban locations. The devotion, courage and expertise of rescuers need to be matched by procedures and technology that will enable safe and effective responses. This Integrated Project will combine chemical and physical sensors integration with the development of an open ICT platform for addressing mobility and time-critical requirements of USaR Operations. The project will also focus on medical issues and on the relevant ethical dilemmas. SGL for USaR has marshaled a pan-European interdisciplinary project team to produce a well-balanced consortium of 21 partners including rescue teams, researchers and SMEs along with the support of 15 LOIs. The project is formed by eight sub-projects (work packages) running in parallel. These WPs address the development of simulation environments; the development and validation of portable devices for location operations; the development and validation of smart sensors environment for monitoring the situation under the ruins; the management of medical information, including privacy and bioethics; and finally the development of an ICT platform that will integrate all the previous data, ensure interoperability and control the flow of the information from the field to the operational center. SGL for USaR will deliver methods and guidelines, as well as, tangible prototypes: a stand-alone FIRST responder device that integrates five different location methods (five in one); a networked rapid casualty location system (REDS) equipped with wireless sensor probes; an advanced environmental simulator for training and testing search and rescue units, including canine teams; and a prototype mobile operational command and control platform. These solutions can be also applied in security applications and thus they can create additional commercial opportunities.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.2 | Award Amount: 4.24M | Year: 2008
Todays growing wealth of digital data in Europe is poorly exploited. Advances in storage, pervasive computing, digital sensors and instrumentation have led to massive growth in the volume of data collected and the number and complexity of data repositories. This growing wealth of data has an increasing potential to yield great benefits to citizens, science and business as it contains vital hidden knowledge.\nTypically, to extract that knowledge requires data mining over combinations of data from multiple data resources. Today, designers, diagnosticians, decision makers or researchers who need such knowledge, face difficult hurdles. To extract information from heterogeneous and distributed sites, they have to specify in much detail the sources of data, the mechanisms for integrating them and the data mining strategies for exposing the hidden gems of information. Consequently, with the current state of the art, most of that hidden knowledge remains undiscovered.\nADMIRE will accelerate access to and increase the benefits that can be gained from data exploitation for the European citizen and economy. It will achieve this by delivering consistent and easy to use technology for extracting information and knowledge. To cope with complexity, change and heterogeneity of services, data, and processes, an abstract view of data mining and integration will be provided. This will provide power to users and developers of data mining and integration processes.\nThe ADMIRE infrastructure will enable a set of gateways connected together over the Internet and Grid. The gateways communicate with one another using ADMIRE-developed standard representations over the Infrastructure Service Bus. Each gateway provides a core set of data mining and integration services, which can be driven using a high-level language.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2009-NIGHT | Award Amount: 246.54K | Year: 2010
The Researchers Night in Madrid 2010 is a project to be held in different locations in the Region of Madrid in the framework of the European Researchers Night, which involves the main Universities and Research Centres in the Region. It aims at bringing researchers closer to the public and at enhancing the public recognition of scientists, by presenting to the public relevant aspects of their work, the benefits it brings to society and its presence in our daily lives. This will be done in the framework of recreational activities where actors are both the researchers and the citizens. In line with these general aims, the project will focus on the following specific objectives: - Communicating the researchers work to the general public. - Highlighting the benefits of the researchers work for society. - Putting in direct contact researchers and the public and fostering the interaction between them. - Involving young people in the activities and showing them the attractiveness of research careers. - Involving the general public in the activities. The project is based in four key concepts: - Multidisciplinarity: activities will deal with different scientific and technological areas. - Unity: given by the common objectives and the common messages to deliver. - Participation: reflected in the focus of the activities and in the management structure. - European dimension: present in the awareness campaign, in the content of the activities during the Night and in the dissemination. The project will contribute to confronting existing stereotypes about researchers, attracting young people to science careers and having a better public understanding of the role of researchers in society, which are its main areas of impact
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2011.9.5 | Award Amount: 1.63M | Year: 2011
The human brain can be seen as an immensely powerful, energy efficient, self-learning, self-repairing computer. If we could understand and mimic the way the brain works, we could revolutionize information technology, medicine and society. But to do so we have to bring together everything we know and everything we can learn about the inner workings of the brains molecules, cells and circuits. The goal of the Human Brain Project (HBP) is to do this by integrating our knowledge in massive databases and in computer models of the brain. This will require breakthroughs in mathematics and software engineering and an international supercomputing facility more powerful than any before. This is all possible. Experimental and clinical data is accumulating exponentially. Computers powerful enough to meet the projects initial requirements are already here. An international team led by Europes best neuroscientists, doctors, physicists, mathematicians, computer engineers and ethicists have assembled to begin the mission. As technology progresses and the project discovers new principles of brain design it will build ever more realistic models to probe ever deeper principles. The benefits for society will be huge, even before the HBP achieves its final goals. Models of the brain will revolutionize information technology, allowing us to design computers, robots, sensors, prosthetics and other devices far more powerful, more intelligent and more energy efficient than today. They will help us understand the root causes of brain diseases, and to diagnose them early, when they can still be treated. They will reduce reliance on animal testing and make it easier to develop new cures for brain disease. They will help us understand how the brain ages, and how to slow these changes and nurture a healthy brain for our children. In summary, the HBP is poised to produce dramatic advances in technology, a new understanding of the way the brain works and a new ability to cure its diseases.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: INFRA-2007-2.1-01 | Award Amount: 2.14M | Year: 2008
The objective of this design study is to address all key issues related to the feasibility of a new research infrastructure with a clear European dimension, named LIVING LAB, that will: Advance the field of user centred research (i.e. by studying the interaction of people with innovations for the home), Test, evaluate and improve innovations for the home, Foster societal needs such as sustainability and quality of life, Stimulate competitiveness of European industry (that brings these innovations to the market). LIVING LAB will bring together Europes top research institutes and companies to study the interaction of people with technology in the home environment, and to stimulate cooperative projects in the fields of user centred research and product development. A LIVING LAB-core infrastructure will look like an ordinary house, but (invisible to its inhabitants, who are all volunteers) it will have sensors, cameras and microphones that record every aspect of home life. The behaviour and interactions of the volunteers can be monitored at any point in the day throughout the duration of their stay. One key advantage of the LIVING LAB over other simulation setups is that products can be evaluated in a real-life environment, over a prolonged period of time. This way, researchers and product developers can achieve a deeper understanding and uncover valuable insights about how people interact with products, leading to the development of better products, with real benefits for consumers and a better chance of succeeding in the market. In particular, the LIVING LAB will focus on sustainable and quality-of-life-enhancing innovations. As the LIVING LAB research infrastructure will be made up of several LIVING LAB-centres and affiliated research institutes and corporate labs, networked across Europe, parallel research in several facilities can be done, as well as studies into the cultural diversity of European consumers.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: ERC-SG | Phase: ERC-SG-LS7 | Award Amount: 1.97M | Year: 2008
In nature, molecular hydrogen is produced by the hydrogenase and the nitrogenase enzymes. Nitrogenase reduces dinitrogen to ammonia and, in this process, it evolves hydrogen. Nitrogenase and hydrogenase are oxygen-sensitive enzymes. We chose to optimize a hydrogen production system based on nitrogenase for four reasons: some organisms carrying nitrogenase simultaneously perform photosynthesis and hydrogen evolution by nitrogenase (direct biophotolysis), thus harvesting solar energy and autonomously converting it into chemical energy in a continuous process; cellular mechanisms exist to protect nitrogenase from oxygen but do not appear to exist for hydrogenase; because nitrogenase couples ATP hydrolysis to hydrogen evolution, this enzyme is able to generate hydrogen against a substantial gas pressure; finally, the biochemistry of the nitrogenase system is well known. The objective of our proposal is to provide new eco-efficient strategies for the biological production of hydrogen. Energy research is a priority theme under the Seventh Research Framework (FP7) cooperation program. The objective of energy research under FP7 is to adapt the current energy system into a more sustainable, competitive and secure one, with emphasis and support given to hydrogen research and renewable fuel production. Our proposal has three major components: (i) in vitro evolution of nitrogenase, in which we generate new nitrogenase variants by metagenomic gene shuffling and random mutagenesis, and select those with increased hydrogen production activity; (ii) the development of a genetic system to select for hydrogen overproducers; and (iii) a biochemical element designed to understand the biochemical requisites for efficient hydrogen production by the molybdenum nitrogenase as a basis for its re-engineering.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 3.87M | Year: 2016
Smart Home (SH) provides a promising approach to assisted living for the ageing population. Yet it still remains a challenge to develop and deploy such solutions in a large scale due to the lack of an easy-to-use technology infrastructure and application exemplars. This problem arises from the nature of the SH field: multidisciplinary, diverse in its applications, and with multiple stakeholders. Whilst a one-size-fits-all technology infrastructure seems unlikely, alternatives are still missing. In addition, an effective approach to cross-discipline, cross-sector understanding for best practices has so far not been seen. ACROSSING addresses this problem by implementing a multidisciplinary cross-sector pan-European training network to knock down barriers between disciplines and sectors and providing the ESRs with a broad training experience. ACROSSING develops 15 topically complementary research projects covering four core research themes, and four main application categories. By multidisciplinary collaborations and cross-sector interactions, the ESRs will develop flexible, interoperable underlying technologies which are then applied to and evaluated in multiple real application scenarios, leading to four specialised technology infrastructures and four best-practice application demonstrators. ACROSSING also deliver comprehensive blended training by combining campus-based and industrial practice training, and perspectives on personal development and social issues by well-established researchers and practitioners from academic, industry and user organisations. Whilst the scientific focus is to challenge the traditional way of SH research to develop advanced technologies and platforms, the training will train ESRs to establish links between research, real-world problems, innovation and personal career. ACROSSING will share software and datasets using open source technologies, and promote findings and impact through a number of measures, e.g. online, outreach events.
Technical University of Madrid, Fundacion Para La Investigacion Biomedica Del Hospital, Ciber Isciii and University Autonomoa Of Madrid | Date: 2012-06-27
The present invention describes an ocular device comprising a magnetic eye implant and a ferrofluid. The products of the invention solve the problems of the patients position and contribute to the increase in the success rate of the surgical procedure for correcting retinal detachment, problems of severe proliferative diabetic retinopathy in those incapable of maintaining posture, of infectious retinitis, problems resulting from traumatisms and endophthalmitis. It is also possible to use the device as an auxiliary surgical element, e.g., for extracting subretinal fluid.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 711.00K | Year: 2017
Many dynamical processes in natural sciences are organized by invariant objects that behave in rather simple ways under time evolution, such as equilibria, periodic orbits, or higher-dimensional invariant surfaces. These objects and the invariant manifolds attached to them act as landmarks that organize the behavior of other trajectories and yield a qualitative description of the dynamics. By computing strategically chosen landmarks, one can obtain considerable information of the possible behaviors of the system. This strategy is particularly fruitful in Hamiltonian systems, in which a large number of invariant manifolds coexist. For example, it has been realized in recent years that Transition State theory, a framework first developed in chemistry and then applied to other fields of science, relies on the existence of invariant manifolds in phase space. These manifolds encode the essential dynamics of various reorganization processes. The objective of this RISE proposal is to build a multidisciplinary exchange programme around the determination of invariant dynamical objects which encompass applied mathematics, atomic and molecular physics, chemistry and celestial mechanics. The project aims at linking mathematicians, physicists and chemists to identify the universal mechanisms behind dynamical transition processes. The proposed collaborative project will be coordinated by the School of Mathematics of Loughborough University, and will involve the Department of Mathematics of the University of Barcelona, the Center for Theoretical Physics (CNRS / Aix Marseille University), the Physics Department of the Polytechnic University of Madrid, the Chemistry Department at the Universidad Autnoma of Madrid and the Physics Department at the University of Stuttgart. The third country partners are Georgia Institute of Technology, represented by the School of Mathematics and the School of Physics and Johns Hopkins University, represented by the School of Chemistry.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2013.6.4 | Award Amount: 1.36M | Year: 2013
READY4SmartCities operates in a European context where other initiatives are currently running in order to create a common approach on Smart Cities, Such initiatives, even if of fundamental importance for the EU, have some relevant gaps not allowing them to fully cover fundamental aspects for Smart Cities, i.e. to define a common data framework allowing full interoperability among different city system, as well as a consistent vision on how ICT can support energy systems in smart cities. Within this context READY4SmartCities cover a unique role thanks to its specific mission of bringing together relevant stakeholders including engineering specialists, ICT software and equipment providers, RES providers, energy companies (including ESCOs Energy Service Companies), construction sector companies, as well as local and regional authorities. In co-operation with these stakeholders, the aim is to deliver:\n\tA new energy data ecosystem that will accommodate cross-domain data (climatic, occupation, pollution, traffic, activity, etc.) and will allow the exploitation of such data at global scale; by identifying the set of ontologies relevant to energy-efficiency in Smart Cities and the different requirements and guidelines on how to use (publish and interchange) data described according to those ontologies.\n\tAn holistic and shared vision, allowing feasible step-by-step action plans for city authorities and other relevant stakeholder groups to develop and use ICT-based solutions for energy system in urban and rural communities towards future Smart Cities, and thus, leading to reduced energy consumption and CO2 emissions.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.6 | Award Amount: 3.92M | Year: 2008
ARASCOM OBJECTIVESOur project is focused on Research & Development for efficient use of micro-nano devices as basis of agile antennas with moderate cost, that are more and more required in advanced systems for Communication, Safety and Security. We will assess this until representative prototypes at a very large and innovative level:\tvery large because the developed agile reflectarray antennas for Communication (to be implemented in base-stations and satellites) will comprise thousands of RF-MEMS switches integrated in the radiating board for phase-controlling the reflected waves\tinnovative: first because such quantities will require both accurate & safe design, and setting-up industrial processes including on-wafer packaging and automatic assembling, to reach higher reproducibility in top-level performances (improving reliability) than previous European projects on RF-MEMS\tinnovative especially because to operate at the very high frequencies suited to security imaging, safe-landing & anti-collision radar (typically around 77 GHz), will be developed new phase-shifters combining MEMS with nematic Liquid Crystals ; the latter provide variable permittivity by adjusting molecules orientation, so may be called nano-scale control devices.So both Micro (MEMS) & Nano (nematic LC) technologies will be deeply investigated, for their best properties in agile antennas.PROJECT TEAMTo reach the presented objectives, we gathered 9 complementary partners from 4 large member-states:-\t3 among the best European academies for MEMS & LC design (U. Perugia, T.U.Darmstadt), as for reflectarray antennas (U.P.Madrid & Perugia)-\t2 public Research institutes, leaders for RF-MEMS development over a large range of frequencies (LETI, FBK)-\t4 industrial end-users among the main players in Communication, Security & Safety: SELEX-SI for concealed weapon detection, EADS-Innovation Works for helicopters landing radar, Thales Alenia Space for satellites and S.R.F.Moyano for base-stations.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2012.2.1.1 | Award Amount: 5.40M | Year: 2012
PV CROPS addresses 3 key objectives of the call topic: 1) Improvement of performance, reliability and lifetime 2) Cost reduction of PV systems 3) Better integration of PV into grid The 2 first objectives lead to a lower Levelized Cost of Energy, LCoE. So, the main objectives of PV CROPS are: 1- Reduction of 30% of the LCoE of PV to achieve 0.14-0.07 /kWh by 2020 and 0.200.09 /kWh by 2015 and an increase of 9% in the performance ratio of PV systems 2- Enhancement of the grid integration of PV by mitigating PV power fluctuations and integrating energy management and storage to allow 30% of PV penetration by 2020 The objectives are attained through 5 fields of work. 1) Robust modelling, advanced simulation and design optimization: through an open source, simulation and design toolbox incorporating built-in learning tools 2) Prediction of system output with respect to solar resource, local weather and system behaviour: including prediction and mitigation of PV power fluctuations 3) Integration of energy management and storage strategies: using innovative batteries and allowing PV to participate in the secondary regulation of the grid. 4) Monitoring, real time follow-up and advanced diagnoses of performance: providing performance analyses including the detection of hidden problems reducing operational costs. 5) Hardware, software and contractual solutions for field and laboratory testing: developing kit solutions for the commissioning of PV plants and BIPV. PV CROPS includes 19 results: technical documents, toolbox solutions, technology development, databases, training and spin-offs. The results will be validated on a wide set of EU PV systems, and in one of the biggest PV plants in EU and one of the biggest one in the world under project in Morocco. The results will lead to the following quantified impacts: 30% LCoE reduction 9% Performance Ratio increase Reduction of PV power fluctuations to less than 10% in 10 min to allow 30% of PV penetrati
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2012.6.2-4. | Award Amount: 2.79M | Year: 2012
The Air Transport in general and the Air Traffic Management system are formed by a high number of elements, human, organisational and technological, that interact with each other creating a unique system of intrinsic complexity. The variability of the initial conditions and the high number of potential scenarios makes the system performance particularly difficult to predict. As a consequence, the propagation of perturbations and disruption, and the understanding of the allocation of resources needed to mitigate those undesired phenomena, represent a major challenge in today system design. Technological and procedural solutions are being investigated in a number of research projects, but the adaptability of the system to perturbations has proven a demanding research topic that Europe needs to address to understand the how to build a future operational concept resistant to these undesired events. There is no definition of resilience in air transport yet and therefore there are no unique metrics for it. Potentially, different metrics take into account different aspects of the resilience of the system. Therefore it is important to develop metrics quantifying the level of resilience of the system and the likelihood of an (undesired) emergent phenomenon to propagate throughout the system without an exact understanding of the different mechanisms to mitigate it. The Resilience2050.eu proposal presents a research project that leans on the analysis of the resilience concepts, analyses the current system behaviour focusing on the propagation of undesired events and builds the future ATM concept designed to adapt to disruptions and perturbations, providing a methodology to address the resilience of the system, including a solid quantitative assessment.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-11-2015 | Award Amount: 5.99M | Year: 2016
WASTE2FUELS aims to develop next generation biofuel technologies capable of converting agrofood waste (AFW) streams into high quality biobutanol. Butanol is one of the most promising biofuels due to its superior fuel properties compared to current main biofuels, bioethanol and biodiesel. In addition to its ability to reduce carbon emissions, its higher energy content (almost 30% more than ethanol), its ability to blend with both gasoline and diesel, its lower risk of separation and corrosion, its resistance to water absorption, allowing it to be transported in pipes and carriers used by gasoline, it offers a very exciting advantage for adoption as engines require almost no modifications to use it. The main WASTE2FUELS innovations include: Development of novel pretreatment methods for converting AFW to an appropriate feedstock for biobutanol production thus dramatically enlarging current available biomass for biofuels production Genetically modified microorganisms for enhancing conversion efficiencies of the biobutanol fermentation process Coupled recovery and biofilm reactor systems for enhancing conversion efficiencies of Acetone-Butanol-Ethanol fermentation Development of new routes for biobutanol production via ethanol catalytic conversion Biobutanol engine tests and ecotoxicological assessment of the produced biobutanol Valorisation of the process by-products Development of an integrated model to optimise the waste-to-biofuel conversion and facilitate the industrial scale-up Process fingerprint analysis by environmental and techno-economic assessment Biomass supply chain study and design of a waste management strategy for rural development By valorising 50% of the unavoidable and undervalorised AFW as feedstock for biobutanol production, WASTE2FUELS could divert up to 45 M tonnes of food waste from EU landfills, preventing 18 M tonnes of GHG and saving almost 0.5 billion litres of fossil fuels.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-17-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 4.94M | Year: 2017
The mission of BDVe is to support the Big Data Value PPP in realizing a vibrant data-driven EU economy or said in other words, BDVe will support the implementation of the PPP to be a SUCCESS. Behind that mission, there are multiple goals to achieve, which should be taken into full consideration when defining the directions of the PPP. Some of the most challenging ones are: (1) achieving a more competitive landscape of European Big Data providers, leading to bigger market share; (2) creating the context for a more competitive EU industry (transport, manufacturing, public sector, agrifood, media, energy) in the advent of a data-driven revolution where many traditional players will have to transform their processes and re-think their business if they want to remain completive or in some cases, just to survive-; (3) ensuring the sustainability of the investments and actions triggered by the PPP. BDVe has broken down those high-level goals into 7 major priorities for the project: Being accurately informed about most important facts in Big Data so that we have a solid basis to support the decision-making process in the PPP Supporting the implementation of the Big Data PPP from an operational point of view Developing a vibrant community around the PPP Supporting the development of a European network of infrastructures and centers of excellence around Big Data Setting-up a professional Communications strategy Setting up a framework that supports the acceleration of data-driven businesses, and Ensuring the sustainability of the investments and actions triggered by the PPP. The BDVe consortium includes a set of partners that have shown commitment and dedication to the success of the PPP for several years. They have already invested and they have committed to invest along the coming years. We believe that this CSA cannot be a neutral action that offers operational support without further commitment.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.5.1 | Award Amount: 21.96M | Year: 2008
Each year Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) causes over 1.9 million deaths in the EU, causing direct health costs of 105 billion. Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), half of all CVD deaths, is the single most cause of death in Europe. Heart Failure (HF) a CHD being the most frequent cause of hospitalization for people over 65 has 10 million patients in the EU. Current treatment of HF entails recommendations from clinicians on medication, diet and lifestyle. Patients only receive feedback at doctors visits, or when facing symptoms. Daily monitoring, close follow up, and help on treatment routine is lacking. Non-adherence to the treatment regime is a major cause of suboptimal clinical benefit.HeartCycle will provide a closed-loop disease management solution to serve both HF and CHD patients, including hypertension, diabetes and arrhythmias as possible co-morbidities. This will be achieved by multi-parametric monitoring of vital signs, analysing the data and providing automated decision support, to derive therapy recommendations.The system will contain a patient loop interacting directly with the patient to support the daily treatment. It will show the health development, including treatment adherence and effectiveness. Being motivated, compliance will increase, and health will improve. The system will also contain a professional loop involving medical professionals, e.g. alerting to revisit the care plan. The patient loop is connected with hospital information systems, to ensure optimal and personalised care.Europes health system is undergoing radical changes due to an aging population. Its moving from reactive towards preventative care, and from hospital care to care at home. Tomorrows patients will become more empowered to take their health into their own hands. New ICT is required to enable this paradigm shift.HeartCycle, coordinated by Philips leading in electronics and health care , includes experts on textiles, ICT, decision support and user interaction.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2011.2.1-1 | Award Amount: 6.53M | Year: 2011
The Project, through a collaborative research between seven European and nine Japanese leading research centers in the field of concentration photovoltaics (CPV), pursues the improvement of present concentrator cell, module and system efficiency. Particular effort will be devoted to the development of multijunction solar cells (by researching on metamorphic, lattice match, inverted and bifacial growth, use of silicon substrates and incorporation of quantum nanostructures) with the objective of approaching the 50 % efficiency goal at cell level and 35% at module level (by incorporating advanced optics as for example Fresnel-Kohler concentrators). As a means to speed up the progress, the Project will also expand the use of characterization techniques suitable for CPV materials, cells, trackers, modules and systems by developing new ones, incorporating advanced semiconductor techniques to the field of photovoltaics (such as three dimensional real-time reciprocal space mapping, 3D-RTSM, piezoelectric photo-thermal and optical time resolved techniques) and by deploying a round robin scheme that allows the qualification and standardization of the results derived from the measurements. To support all these studies from a global perspective and, in particular, to ensure an accurate forecast of the energy produced at system level, the Project plans to build a 50 kW concentrator plant. To achieve its goals, the Project is structured into five RTD workpackages: new materials and device characterization, development of novel device technologies and quantum nanostructures for CPV, development of advanced CPV cells, development of characterization tools for CPV cells, modules and systems and development of CPV modules and systems. To strength the collaboration between EU and Japan, the Proposal also foresees more than 20 interchange visits. NGCPV is an EU coordinated project in the framework of call FP7-ENERGY-2011-JAPAN, forseeing a simultaneous start with the Japanese coordinated project. Accordingly, the Japanese project should start at the latest within 3 months of the signature of the EU grant agreement.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: Fission-2008-2.2.1 | Award Amount: 11.87M | Year: 2009
The suggested Collaborative Project (CP) addresses key viability and performance issues to support the development of a fourth generation European Sodium Fast Reactor (ESFR). This innovative system is mainly developed for competitive electricity generation and offer interesting potential characteristics in terms of safety, environmental impact, resource utilisation and waste minimisation (e.g. potential for Minor Actinides management). The objectives of the CP-ESFR look for the improvement, vis--vis of current nuclear systems, of the safety level, the guarantee of a financial risk comparable to that of the other means of energy production and a flexible and robust management of the nuclear materials. The corresponding technical requirements in terms of Systems performance; Operation, maintenance and procedures; Safety design & analysis and licensing issues; Physical protection &Proliferation resistance; Functional requirements for provisions; Fuel cycle Constructability; Decommisioning; Systems economy are based among others - upon the results of the 6th FP Specific Support Action EISOFAR (Roadmap for a European Innovative SOdium cooled FAst Reactor). The schedule for this four years project fit with the principle for an industrial deployment of ESFR technology around 2040 with the preliminary deployment of a demonstrator by 2020-2025. Following the requirements above, and considering the context as it is described, the Collaborative Project is tentatively structured into six main technical sub projects (SPs): 1)Consistency and assessment & international relationships 2)Fuel, fuel element, core & fuel cycle 3)Safety and Security 4)Energy Conversion System Components & materials 5)Reactor system (including handling) 6)Education & training A specific Management activity will insure the whole consistency.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: INFRA-2011-1.2.1. | Award Amount: 3.48M | Year: 2011
GLORIA is an innovative citizen-science network of robotic telescopes, which will give free access and research to a virtual community via the Internet. The GLORIA partners will offer access to a growing collection of robotic telescopes via a Web 2.0 environment - 17 telescopes on 4 continents by the projects end.\nThe GLORIA partners can do this because most of the telescopes are already robotized using the same free/open-source RTS2 software (maintained by GLORIA members), and the web access will be based on Ciclope Astro (also by a GLORIA member), which currently provides the worlds first free-access robotic telescope at Montegancedo Observatory (http://om.fi.upm.es). The Internet experiments will be coordinated by Galaxy Zoo (http://galaxyzoo.org).\nThe challenge will be to involve people from around the world, to maximise their collective intelligence, and to foster their participation in astronomy research both in data analysis and actual observations. The e-Infrastructure will be managed using the method of karma, proven in most successful web 2.0 sites, whereby those users who participate the most are awarded corresponding observing time.\nGLORIA will be an e-Science network for the virtual community, demonstrating how networking and open e-Infrastructures can increase the quality of research.\nDuring the project, 17 telescopes and 2 experiments will be deployed for these citizen scientists, and a foundation will be built up of documentation, free software, and a community of people will have grown, to maintain and grow GLORIA into the future. Significant dissemination efforts will be made to draw in ordinary people, as well as scholars, to use the network, to learn about astronomy, and to do real science.\nCurrently, GLORIAs telescopes are individually supported from national funds and as this should continue, the network will not bear the cost of their maintenance. GLORIA can easily survive in the future with minimal national funding or even donations.
Spanish University for Distance Education (UNED) and Technical University of Madrid | Date: 2011-05-18
A device for concentrating solar radiation (4) with longitudinal mirrors (7) and a longitudinal receiver (1), has mirrors with a circular cross-section with a radius of curvature that is twice the transverse distance from the centre (35) of each mirror to the central point (3) of the receiver. The width of the receiver is 1% of the transverse distance from the central point to the centre (89) of the furthest mirror (32). The width of each mirror is determined according to the drift of the rays reflected when the mirror focuses the sun, prescribing an equal width for all mirrors, which is: equal to the width of the active face (2) of the receiver when mounted according to the meridian; and triple the width of the active face (2) of the receiver when mounted according to the parallel of latitude. The mirrors are installed in a contiguous manner and the receiver is installed at a height on columns (8).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2007.6.2 | Award Amount: 466.54K | Year: 2008
Antenna Research is a strategic enabling technology for intelligent vehicles and road safety services. Car-to-car communications, real time congestions localisation, obstacle and collision radars, on board sensor networks, etc. are based on novel antennas solutions and subsystems integration.\nAntenna Research in Europe received great benefits from the structuring efforts provided by the Network of Excellence ACE and its outstanding results, such as the Antenna cutting-edge research, the European School of Antennas (ESoA), the European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), the Virtual Centre of Excellence (ACE-VCE), the ACE Community (joined by over 300 European institutions and 1600 researchers). Moreover, ACE created the European Association on Antennas and Propagation (EurAAP) to support ACE results beyond the ACE duration (see www.antennasvce.org).\nIn this frame, the Coordination Action Antenna Research and Technology for the Intelligent Car (ARTIC) is proposed to support the transfer of antenna technology knowledge from ACE to the Intelligent Car Initiative and eSafety in particular, in order to enable the best implementation of the future subsystems for improved safety, higher transport system efficiency, reliable information to drivers, etc.\nIn particular ARTIC will operate in synergy and cooperation with the COMeSafety FP6 project to distribute information about latest radio links technology to the stakeholders, to present the best practices on antenna software and measurement procedures, to provide industrial training by the ESoA and to support dissemination by major International Conference. In addition, the ARTIC achievements will be spread to the stakeholders, scientist and the citizens by a dedicated section of the ACE Virtual Centre of Excellence.\nThe Consortium is composed by top level organisation in European antenna research joined to representatives from car-to-car Communication Consortium.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: INFRA-2011-1.2.1. | Award Amount: 4.78M | Year: 2011
Predicting weather and climate and its impacts on the environment, including hazards such as floods and landslides, is still one of the main challenges of the 21st century, with significant societal and economic implications. At the heart of this challenge, as also suggested by the DRIHMS (Distributed Research Infrastructure for Hydro-Meteorology Study) project, lies the ability to have easy access to hydro-meteorological data and models, and to facilitate the collaboration between meteorologists, hydrologists, and Earth science experts for accelerated scientific advances in hydrometeorological research (HMR).\nThe proposed DRIHM (Distributed Research Infrastructure for Hydro-Meteorology) project intends to develop a prototype e-Science environment to facilitate this collaboration, and provide end-to-end HMR services (models, datasets and post-processing tools) at the European level, with the ability to expand to the global scale. The objectives of DRIHM are to lead the definition of a common long-term strategy, to foster the development of new HMR models and observational archives for the study of severe hydrometeorological events, to promote the execution and analysis of high-end simulations, and to support the dissemination of predictive models as decision analysis tools.\nDRIHM combines the European expertise in HMR, and in Grid and High Performance Computing (HPC). Joint research activities will improve the efficient use of European e-Infrastructures, notably Grid and HPC, for HMR modeling and observational databases, model evaluation tool sets and access to HMR model results. Networking activities will disseminate DRIHM results at the European and global levels in order to increase the cohesion of European and possibly worldwide HMR communities, and to increase the awareness of the potential of ICT for HMR. Service activities will deploy the end-to-end DRIHM services and tools in support of HMR networks and virtual organizations on top of the existing European e-Infrastructures.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.7.1 | Award Amount: 12.23M | Year: 2008
OASIS introduces an innovative, Ontology-driven, Open Reference Architecture and Platform, which will enable and facilitate interoperability, seamless connectivity and sharing of content between different services and ontologies in all application domains relevant to applications for the elderly and beyond. The OASIS platform is open, modular, holistic, easy to use and standards abiding. It includes a set of novel tools for content/services connection and management, for user interfaces creation and adaptation and for service personalization and integration. Through this new Architecture, over 12 different types of services are connected with the OASIS Platform for the benefit of the elderly, covering user needs and wants in terms of Independent Living Applications (nutritional advisor, activity coach, brain and skills trainers, social communities platform, health monitoring and environmental control), Autonomous Mobility and Smart Workplaces Applications (elderly-friendly transport information services, elderly-friendly route guidance, personal mobility services, mobile devices, biometric authentication interface and multimodal dialogue mitigation and other smart workplace applications). Applications are all integrated as a unified, dynamic service batch, managed by the OASIS Service Centre and supporting all types of mobile devices (tablet PC, PDA, smartphone, automotive device, ITV, infokiosk, ...) and all types of environments (living labs, sheltered homes, private homes, two car demonstrators, public transport, DSRT, etc.) in 4 Pilot sites Europewide. As user friendliness and acceptability is a top priority for the project, a user-centred-design approach is followed along the service and application development. Tested iteratively and thoroughly by hundreds of end users, their caregivers and other stakeholders, the OASIS platform and applications will be optimized and submitted for standardization by the purpose-established OASIS world-wide Industrial Forum.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2013.1.1-06 | Award Amount: 3.39M | Year: 2013
The goal of DECUMANUS is the development and consolidation of a set of sustainable services that allows city managers to include geo-spatial products into their climate change strategies. The selected application areas are based on related state-of-the-art Earth Observation techniques, methodologies and products, and user requirements related to urban climate change adaptation and attribution: assessment of urban climate change; land monitoring services providing land consumption information and urban ecosystems assessment and tools; provision of EO products to improve the energy efficiency in cities, and tools to alert the population of health risks due to poor air quality and heat waves. The project has a clear user-driven approach: the proposed concept, approach and objectives are based on the previous experience of the partners working with urban managers and the users involved. Cities will be fully integrated in the project (defining requirements, testing products and services, validating results and acting as ambassadors of these technologies for other cities). Technological and methodological gaps between the current state-of-the-art and the user requirements have been detected, and need to be solved including assimilation of EO data into urban climate/air quality models; the adaptation of scientific models to operational products and services; improvement of the accessibility; and the usage of the geo-spatial products by non-expert users. The business model includes two levels of services: - Basic services: information of thermal effects, air quality or land use, etc, delivered via website. - Premium services: datasets, indicators, models, etc that will need a strong interaction and/or the use of local information (on-demand production and delivery subject to price). Part of the DECUMANUS project will be the production of a small number of premium services that are pre-operational or operational depending on data availability.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2009.8.0 | Award Amount: 690.40K | Year: 2011
SINTELNET is a Coordination Action whose aim is to explore the interplay of future and emerging information technologies and the development of Philosophy, Humanities and the Social Sciences. Advances in science and IT are rapidly creating and sustaining new forms of perception, communication and social interaction. The traditional distinctions between the natural, the social and the artificial are becoming more and more blurred as radically new kinds of social environments are being formed, including social networks, virtual realities, robot societies and systems based on software agents. These changes create a need to re-explore some of the basic concepts of Philosophy and Social Science, including existence, personal identity, meaning, knowledge, action, norms,conventions, rationality and governance. The aim of SINTELNET is to enhance the bi-directional interaction between humanities and emerging information technologies and develop new approaches to understand and develop future IT and Society. This will involve both adapting and applying traditional concepts to new, IT-enabled domains, as well as using these domains as a basis for the critical re-examination of those basic concepts.SINTELNET stimulates debate and coordinates scientific research by organising a series of inter-disciplinary, thematic workshops that bring together key players in diverse, relevant sub-areas. It hosts Working Groups in these sub-areas who will deliver studies and position papers as well as identify emerging topics and important research challenges. The Action addresses specific needs by working closely with external stakeholders to identify topics for meetings and workshops. It can assist in creating guidelines and policy documents. Besides documents and other materials emerging from working groups and workshops, the SINTELNET Web site acts an as information source for researchers, developers, stakeholders, end-users and the general public.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.5.3 | Award Amount: 3.98M | Year: 2008
NeoMark will perform research in the integration of heterogeneous clinical, laboratory, molecular and imaging data to develop a data integration environment facilitating multiscale and multilevel modeling, aimed at advancing models and methods currently in use to predict neoplastic reoccurrences, and to apply it to the study of oral cancer.\nSpecifically the scientific target will be to apply this multi-level data integration environment to the monitoring of the disease after remission, in order to early identify local or metastatic reoccurrence of the disease.\nThe technical target will be the development of two functional envirnments: one for the definition of biomarker profiles and one for the follow-up of the evolution of the disease. They will be based on the fusion of information from clinical data from health records and standard laboratory markers; from histological data from tumor mass specimens; from high-throughput genomic data from tumor tissue specimens, profiling gene expression at whole-genome level by oligo-RNA microarrays; from high-throughput genomic data from circulating cells specimens (whole blood sample), profiling gene expression at whole-genome level by oligo-RNA microarrays; from imaging data of the prime tumor mass (and secondary localizations if present) through imaging techniques, including image fusion, where relevant.\nThe outcomes of the project will be validated in two primary Clinical Centres in Spain and in Italy.\nIn this phase the early exploitation of NeoMark will also be assessed through the use of a RT-PCR platform to develop highly individual diagnostic tests to be used both at the time of first diagnosis, as well as for reoccurrence identification.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.9.6 | Award Amount: 3.84M | Year: 2013
Despite recent advances in in vivo directed evolution techniques and the interest they have attracted so far, their impact in applied biotechnology is limited because of their limitations in programmability, selective drivers, cost and scalability. Here, we propose to construct a general-purpose programmable evolution machine able to quickly evolve new biomolecules or phenotypes in bacterial cells. The proposed device will use existing phage technology and synthetic regulation to engineer a programmable directed evolution machine able to produce biomolecules or biocomputational functionality two orders of magnitude faster than conventional techniques, while consuming fewer consumables. In its core, living matter will be subject to combinatorial search algorithms that will exploit large numbers of small, separate, bacterial populations. Each one will contain phage that evolve under different custom fitness selections. The different phage will then be recombined according to combinatorial optimization strategies. The software and hardware design of our device is inspired by microprocessor manufacturing practice. Hence, in addition to the genetic devices for phage engineering, mutation, recombination and selection, we will develop: i) fluidic modules for cell and phage growth, ii) their hardware primitives, iii) a custom instruction set architecture, and iv) a high-level language with its compiler. We will demonstrate the operation of our device by engineering site-specific ribonucleases and nucleases with real-world applications, such as anti-HIV activity. We will also develop applications for new type of distributed bacterial computing using phage communication. We will thus put in place the foundations and approaches for this radical living technology that will impact ICT as well as many areas beyond, such as biology, chemistry and manufacturing.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.4.3 | Award Amount: 3.51M | Year: 2010
The goal of the Dicode project is to facilitate and augment collaboration and decision making in data-intensive and cognitively-complex settings. To do so, it will exploit and build on the most prominent high-performance computing paradigms and large data processing technologies - such as cloud computing, MapReduce, Hadoop, Mahout, and column databases to meaningfully search, analyze and aggregate data existing in diverse, extremely large, and rapidly evolving sources.Building on current advancements, the solution foreseen in the Dicode project will bring together the reasoning capabilities of both the machine and the humans. It can be viewed as an innovative workbench incorporating and orchestrating a set of interoperable services that reduce the data-intensiveness and complexity overload at critical decision points to a manageable level, thus permitting stakeholders to be more productive and concentrate on creative activities. Services to be developed are: (i) scalable data mining services (including services for text mining and opinion mining), (ii) collaboration support services, and (iii) decision making support services.The achievement of the Dicode projects goal will be validated through three use cases addressing clearly established problems. These cases were chosen to test the transferability of Dicode solution in different collaboration and decision making settings, associated with diverse types of data and data sources, thus covering the full range of the foreseen solutions features and functionalities. They concern: (i) scientific collaboration supported by integrated large-scale knowledge discovery in clinico-genomic research, (ii) delivering pertinent information from heterogeneous data to communities of doctors and patients in medical treatment decision making, and (iii) capturing tractable, commercially valuable high-level information from unstructured Web 2.0 data for opinion mining.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.1.2 | Award Amount: 6.53M | Year: 2013
Cloud data management, Big Data and the Internet of Things raise specific challenges with respect to scalable data management, both in real-time and offline. Big Data analytics puts the emphasis on large queries over big cloud data stores. The emerging Internet of Things applications also raise specific challenges with respect to real-time data management. Developing cloud applications at large scale is also complex due to the lack of coherence support.\n\nIn this landscape there is an increasing demand for efficiency and scalability that has resulted in the implementation and use of a wide diversity of different cloud data stores each one specialized and optimal for specific processing, thus leading to a no one size fits all situation. This trend has resulted in a large proliferation of APIs, a lack of a common programming framework and a lack of coherence across different cloud data managers for the corresponding different technologies (traditional environments provided full coherence that has been totally lost in the cloud landscape). CoherentPaaS addresses all these issues.\n\nCoherentPaaS will provide a rich PaaS with different one size data stores optimized for particular tasks, data, and workloads. CoherentPaaS will integrate NoSQL, SQL data stores, and complex event processing data management systems with holistic coherence and that will be accessed by means of a common query language. CoherentPaaS will thus enable the development of new cloud, BigData and IoT applications that exploit the performance and scalability of new cloud data management technologies, while hiding the complexity of the underlying technology under a unified query language and holistic coherence across data stores that will simplify application development.\n\nCoherentPaaS outcomes will enable application developers to program with a unified framework that will attain simplicity thanks to the common query language and holistic coherence, scalability guaranteed by each cloud data management technology, and efficiency by enabling to use different cloud data managers specialized for the required tasks.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2011-5;SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2011-1 | Award Amount: 15.29M | Year: 2012
European industry has a great potential to achieve a leading position in the growing global market of safety-relevant embedded systems, provided it is able to devise efficient and industrial-strength methods and processes for their development and certification. nSafeCer targets increased efficiency and reduced time-to-market by composable safety certification of safety-relevant embedded systems. A primary objective is to provide support for system safety arguments based on arguments and properties of system components, as well as to provide support for generation of corresponding evidence in a similar compositional way. By efficient reuse during certification and stronger links between certification and development, a higher degree of component reuse is envisioned. Improved quality and reduced risk during verification, qualification and certification, will increase European industry competitiveness and pave the way for a cross-domain market for components qualified for certification. The main industrial domains targeted in nSafeCer are aerospace, automotive, construction equipment and railway. Other domains such as health care and cross-domain aspects will also be considered. nSafeCer builds on the 2 year ARTEMIS pilot project pSafeCer launched in April 2011. Sharing the same overall goals, the concepts developed in pSafeCer are in nSafeCer advanced into tangible industrial implementations of project-ready, unified and seamlessly integrated solutions, and demonstrators of the proof of concepts. Certification guidelines and training examples for various other domains will also be developed. In addition to the deepening of the pSafeCer knowledge, nSafeCer adds scientific objectives, including support for product-lines and cross-domain certification and reuse. nSafeCer brings together leading companies and SMEs across Europe (including technology, tool, and competence providers, as well as certification and standardisation experts), which together with selected academic institutions are capable and motivated to realize the nSafeCer goals, specifically addressing ARTEMIS subprograms ASP1 and ASP5. The TA v2.1 was accepted by the ARTEMIS-JU PO on 7/3/2012. Withdraw of Latvian partner LDz resulted in new TA v2.2. The TA v2.2 was accepted by ARTEMIS-JU PO on 22/3/2012 Withdraw of French partner Delphi resulted in new TA v2.3 (numbering in TAv2.3 still includes DElPHI as partner number 15 but with zero effort and funding) In NEF Delphi is removed and MDS is partner 15, AdaCore partner 16 and so forth. The revised version 2.3 is accepted by the JU PO on 11/7/2012. Delphi withdraw was accepted by nSafeCer General Assembly on 12/7/2012.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2007.4.1.1.2. | Award Amount: 3.44M | Year: 2008
The key challenge addressed in the present proposal is to develop a biodiversity observation system that is transmissible, cost effective and provides added value to the currently independent data sources of in situ data and EO. There are three requirements: the production of protocols to enable extant data to be placed on a common framework for analysis; the provision of a sound scientific conceptual basis for the system that will provide a robust statistical structure for analytical tests and for the eventual estimates of stock and change and the provision of a system for estimating past change and monitoring as well as enabling forecasting of future options so that policy makers can generate appropriate strategies for mitigation. The present consortium has a major advantage in that the framework is based on existing institutional collaboration which has been developed in the EU project ALTERNET. This framework will ensure continuity of recording and shows an existing commitments of the institutes concerned to long term monitoring. It will also provide the necessary structure for integration of available data.. This network already has long term data sets for biodiversity indicators eg butterflies and birds but the ambition is to convert these from site specific measures through inter-calibration to the wider European picture, using tried and tested statistical procedures. The key work package will involve inter-calibration between EO and in situ data,which will involve habitats that can be linked to specific biodiversity indicators. These will be identified using a conceptual framework developed in another work package. The target is to provide a basis for up and down scaling that can be tested to show the added value of integration. Other work packages will provide protocols to place data onto a common framework tests of validation and stratification procedures for assessing the consistency of data coverage.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2010-IRSES | Award Amount: 430.50K | Year: 2011
The main objective of NanoCIS is the establishment of a cooperative partnership between research organizations through a joint program of exchange of researchers for developing a new generation of photovoltaic (PV) solar cells. This new generation of PV solar cells will be based in approaches involving the use of new materials with high conversion efficiencies and low-cost fabrication techniques. The broad aim is the theoretical and experimental design, synthesis and characterization of new advanced materials, based on chalcopyrites absorbers, allowing the manufacture of an intermediate band solar cell. New concepts such as Intermediate band and luminescent materials for further development of CIGS solar cells are going to be investigated. This new class of materials has been predicted theoretically as potential candidates for providing very high efficiency (63%) in solar energy conversion. According to present knowledge, this compounds based on chalcogenide-type semiconductors are quite novel as general materials, especially in their application to solar energy. Electrodeposition (ED) is the technique chosen for developing such approaches. ED is essentially a non-vacuum approach to fabricate high quality thin-film materials for PV modules that could lower the manufacturing costs by over 50% and increase the PV module efficiencies. The ED technique offers the most attractive range of benefits leading to the low cost fabrication of PV cells, such as high rate of deposition, high resolution, high shape fidelity, self purification, scalability and good compatibility with existing processes. ED adds another cost effective step in low-cost solar cell because the transparent conducting oxide layers (TCO) can be deposited by the same method. The use of inline processing through an exclusively non-vacuum technique will further contribute to the improvement of device performance.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SST.2013.1-2. | Award Amount: 14.14M | Year: 2013
Reducing emissions from shipping has increasingly become a challenge over the last years, both as a counter measure against global climate change and to protect local environments and population from waste, gas emissions and noise. This challenge has been documented both in policy papers, like the Europe 2020 initiative or the Transport White Paper, and in rules and regulations issued by IMO as well as by local authorities. Those legislations as well as emission taxes and an increasing public awareness on green shipping have led to the fact, that low emission ships and shipping has become a key competitive factor both for European shipbuilders (including equipment manufacturers and shipyards) and shipping companies. In response to topic SST.2013.1-2 of the Sustainable Transport Work Programme 2013 the JOULES proposal aims to significantly reduce the gas emissions of European built ships, including CO2, SOx, NOx and particulate matters. JOULES follows an integrated and holistic approach, not only limited to integrating the components of the simulation of the energy grid, but through the consideration of other viable options for emission reduction. The specific optimal solutions for emission reduction and energy efficiency highly depend on the transport or service task of ships, as well as on their operational profile. While a wide overview and holistic assessment of all available energy and emission saving technologies is necessary, industrial breakthrough can only be achieved if the available solutions are selected, adopted, integrated, assessed and finally demonstrated for realistic application cases. The binding element between technologies and applications are modelling and assessment methods and tools. Those are needed to predict the behaviour of complex energy grids, to manage the energy demand in operation and to assess the performance of optimized energy grids both in view of cost efficiency and environmental impact.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-ITN-2008 | Award Amount: 3.98M | Year: 2009
The objective of WAUDIT is the generation of a pool of researchers, in the field of wind resource assessment, in order to support the technological development of wind energy as one of the fastest growing industries worldwide (annual increase rate of 20%). The scientific motivation of the project is grounded on current state-of-the-art at industrial level. A technical audit to industry provides the point of departure for the development of new levels of standardization on added value wind assessment techniques. The development of new measurement and numerical and physical modelling techniques provides a benchmark of alternatives whose potential will be assessed by the network. At training level, WAUDIT aims at providing the best working environment for early stage researchers based on the main actors on wind energy research: universities, research centres and industrial partners. A total of 30 organizations from 8 different EU member states will contribute to the development of 18 PhD theses. The training activities are carried out under the umbrella of the European Wind Energy Academy (EAWE) which will bring together most of the PhD students working on the wind energy field in Europe (around 100), to form a new generation of researchers with a common collaborative working philosophy. A hierarchy of courses, from a general context to specialized modules, on all the multidisciplinary aspects of wind energy will provide the best training for the development of a successful research career in this very dynamic field. The association of the fellows to industrial partners will allow a direct exchange of knowledge which will culminate, in most of the cases, with secondments for demonstration exercises, where each fellow will test the feasibility and potential of the tools developed during each project.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2007.3.7 | Award Amount: 1.10M | Year: 2008
The SHARE project aims to facilitate open source software code sharing and utilization within the embedded system domain, creating a nurturing environment for applications and solutions to be developed on OSS middleware, and paving the way for new business models and services. The focus of the project will be on: - Middleware for mission critical applications - Middleware for nomadic networks applications - Middleware for e-health applications The SHARE initiative will then broaden its scope to other sectors that could benefit of the usage of OSS middleware in the embedded system domain, providing the following functionalities/services: - The SHARE Web Based platform where OSS code will be uploaded and shared, together with any relevant information facilitating the usage and dissemination of such software - An Open Source knowledge framework which will act both as a knowledge collection methodology and a benchmarking tool. Adequate templates and benchmarking methodologies will be created by means of focused studies that will collect relevant assessment methodologies based on key parameters such as quality, security, interoperability, use of Open Standards and maintainability - Networking and awareness creation actions towards developers as well as end users in the embedded system community, including the organization of two International Dissemination Workshops that will serve as meeting events where stakeholders will be able to make networking, as well as present their concerns and achievements. The overall action will be industry driven, as far as the SHARE Consortium includes worldwide recognized industry leaders, as well as universities and leading technology transfer organizations. The strong link of the SHARE consortium with the OSS developer and user communities will assure the achievement of the expected impact of the project, and clear measures to evaluate and transfer the generated knowledge.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: Fission-2011-2.3.1 | Award Amount: 1.29M | Year: 2012
The European Sustainable Nuclear Industrial Initiative was launched in November 2010 to anticipate the development a fleet of fast reactors with closed cycle. Three fast neutron technologies have been selected: the Sodium cooled Fast Reactor with the ASTRID prototype the Lead cooled Fast Reactor with the ALFRED demonstrator which will be preceded by a pilot plan MYRRHA the Gas cooled Fast Reactor with the ALLEGRO demonstrator With the objective of future assessment of these advanced reactor concepts, the SARGEN_IV Project is intended to gather safety experts from recognized European Technical Safety Organizations from Designers and Vendors as well as from Research Institutes and Universities to: - develop and provide a tentative commonly agreed methodology for the safety assessment, - identify open issues in the safety area, mainly addressing and focussing on assessment relevant ones, - detect and underline new fields for R&D in the safety area - provide a roadmap and preliminary deployment plan for safety-related R&D, including cost estimation. Firstly, the proposed methodology requires the identification and the ranking of the main safety issues related to these reactors which needs a strong collaboration with other European projects as CP-ESFR, GoFastR, LEADER and CDT.. Secondly, a review of the safety methodologies proposed by international organizations and those issued from national practices and European consortia in order to define the tentative commonly agreed methodology which will be therefore applied to specific safety issues relevant for the selected reactors. The project beneficiaries are convinced that fostering to harmonization of the various European safety approaches will be very beneficial and will streamlining EURATOM contribution to Generation IV International Forum in the safety field. It will also improve relations between safety assessment and research programmes efficiency in the development of new concepts.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: KBBE.2011.1.2-01 | Award Amount: 3.75M | Year: 2011
Farming practices that lead to declining returns and inputs of carbon (C) to soils pose a threat to soil functions by reducing availability of organic matter for soil microbes and by affecting soil structure, and soil C stocks that are key to regulating greenhouse gas emissions. SmartSOIL focuses on arable and mixed farming systems in Europe and will develop an innovative approach using the soil C flow and stocks concept to assess the impact of C management on crop productivity, soil organic C (SOC) stocks and other ecosystem services. SmartSOIL will identify and develop options to increase C stocks and optimise C use (flows) whilst maintaining sustainable SOC stocks. The flow and stocks concept will delineate short- versus long-term management effects on vital soil functions through meta-analyses of data from European long-term experiments (LTEs), as well as new measurements within LTEs. The new understanding will be used to improve existing soil and crop simulation models and test the models against independent LTE data. The models will then be used to derive a simplified model to estimate the short- and long-term effects of management on crop productivity and SOC storage. Scenarios of future management systems in Europe for improved productivity and enhanced SOC sequestration will be evaluated under current and future climate. The cost-effectiveness of alternative policy measures and options for managing SOC flows and stocks for improved productivity and SOC storage will be assessed based on the simplified model. SmartSOIL will develop a decision support tool (DST) to enable farmers, advisors and policy makers to discuss and select the most appropriate and cost-effective practices for particular farming systems, soils and climates. SmartSOIL will engage key stakeholders in case study regions and the wider EU in the development of the DST, guidelines and policy recommendations, and will inform the scientific and user community on progress and results.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2011.3.5 | Award Amount: 663.87K | Year: 2011
Optical Design and Simulation have a tremendous potential to facilitate disruptive research and product innovation. Since optical systems are key components in a broad range of modern devices, optical design plays an essential role in the technology of the XXI-st century. To support European small and medium enterprises in gaining and keeping a leading position in optics and photonics, we propose the support action called ?SME?s Training and Hands-on Practice in Optical Design and Simulation? (SMETHODS). The European consortium offering SMETHODS consists of 7 partners that are the most prominent academic institutions in optics in their countries. Through fully integrated collaborative training sessions, the consortium will provide professional assistance as well as hands-on training in a variety of design tasks on imaging optics, non-imaging optics, wave optics and diffraction optics. For each of these four training domains, 5-day training sessions will be given by several instructors from the consortium partners and by external speakers from industry. Nowadays there exists a strong demand for this kind of support action. Large companies have the resources to organize the necessary training courses internally, but SME?s lack such abilities. In the absence of systematic trainings such as SMETHODS, SME engineers often have to improve their professional abilities with less efficient autodidactic means. This training, which is unique in Europe, will fill the gap between academic courses given at universities and training activities provided by software producers that are focused on specific design software. In the first phase, SMETHODS will provide support activities to SMEs, researchers and companies during 30 months of EC financial support. During this period SMETHODS will, based on experience gained,consider how SMETHODS can continue to serve and support its users after EC funding has stopped.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.1.2 | Award Amount: 4.72M | Year: 2010
The next generation of Platforms as a Service (PaaS) for cloud providers demand consistency, availability, and simpler programming abstractions, such as transactional consistency. Obtaining these three properties simultaneously is, however, a significant challenge. In CumuloNimbo, we propose to achieve this goal by building a stackable and modular execution platform that can be installed as a service and provides the same degree of consistency as current service-oriented platforms, however, at much higher, Internet-level, scale. Current PaaS systems sacrifice data consistency for scalability, thus increasing the complexity of building applications on top of such platforms when strong consistency guarantees are necessary.\nProviding such guarantees at the application level requires hiring highly-skilled programmers, which is often costly and prohibitive, especially for SMEs. As a result, many newly developed applications are unable to guarantee consistency appropriately, which quickly becomes visible to end users as flaws in the application.\n\nCumuloNimbo will develop a new Platform as a Service that will provide high scalability, at the 100\ service-nodes level, without sacrificing data consistency and simple programming abstractions. The targeted PaaS will be a transactional multi-tier software stack for cloud computing providing the same functionality to current, software multi-tier stacks, such as Java EE. Providing scalability without sacrificing consistency is a major breakthrough that will enable European stakeholders in service platforms to position in the cloud computing market with a competitive advantage.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2010-1 | Award Amount: 10.42M | Year: 2011
The competitive edge of the European industry in the embedded systems domain is an enabler to achieve a leading position in the growing global market of safety-relevant embedded systems. The main success factors in this context will be the ability to understand the key reasons for the huge increase in cost and development time, and to adopt efficient methods and processes for development of these safety-relevant embedded systems. Also, increased requirements for certification from legislation, together with the perceived trend towards product-oriented standards (from process-oriented ones), demand fundamental paradigm shifts in the certification perspectives. pSafeCer is targeting increased efficiency and reduced time-to-market by composable safety certification of safety-relevant embedded systems. The industrial domains targeted are within automotive and construction equipment, avionics, and rail. pSafeCer will also develop certification guidelines and a training example for other domains, thus considerably increasing its market impact. A primary objective is to provide support for system safety arguments based on arguments and properties of system components as well as to provide support for generation of corresponding evidence in a similar compositional way. By providing support for efficient reuse of certification and stronger links between certification and development, component reuse will be facilitated, and by providing support for reuse across domains the amount of components available for reuse will increase dramatically. The resulting efficiency and reduced time to market will, together with increased quality and reduced risk, increase competitiveness and pave the way for a cross-domain market for software components qualified for certification. pSafeCer brings together leading companies and SMEs across Europe (including OEMs, technology, tool, and competence providers, as well as certification and standardisation experts), which together with selected universities and research institutes are capable and motivated to realize the pSafeCer objectives.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.7.1 | Award Amount: 14.92M | Year: 2010
As the European population ages, more support is needed with fewer hands to cater for their needs. There is a huge market potential for Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) solutions, but adoption is limited because they require significant resources for implementation.\nTo address this, universAAL will produce an open platform that provides a standardised approach making it technically feasible and economically viable to develop AAL solutions.\nThe platform will be produced by a mixture of new development and consolidation of state-of-the-art results from existing initiatives. We recognise that this not only poses technical challenges but also raises issues of adoption and uptake. So work on establishing and running a sustainable community will achieve attention right from the start, with promotion of existing results gradually evolving into promotion of the universAAL platform, as it develops into one consolidated, validated and standardised European open AAL platform.\nThe platform will provide runtime support for the execution of AAL applications in accordance with a reference architecture, development support through core AAL services and an online developer depot of various development resources. It will provide community support, including an online uStore providing a one-stop-shop for AAL services and other resources. The general public will browse the uStore to find what they need; developers will use it as the one marketplace where they make their services available.\nThe consortium is built of major industrial and research players in the field, including key participants from earlier projects.\nuniversAAL results will be standardised in European (CEN) and international (OMG, Continua) standardisation bodies. We will work to build a community of European industry interested in keeping the universAAL platform alive after project completion.\nThe project duration will be 48 months with an overall budget of 13.9 M euro and a requested grant of 10.5 M euro.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.1.2 | Award Amount: 14.46M | Year: 2010
To survive in todays economy; short time-to-market and efficiency are paramount for the creation of innovative products and to survive in the current economic climate. This is especially true for IT services which will dominate the way people work and live in the future.\n\nCloud computing is essentially changing the way services are built, provided and consumed. Despite simple access to Clouds, building elastic services is still an elitist domain and proprietary technologies are an entry barrier especially to SMEs and consequently, it remains largely within the domain of established players.\n\nTo accelerate the creation of highly demanded tailored services in a timely manner, the Cloud paradigm requires major change to address the way services are built, provided and accessed. Abstracting from technical complexities lowers entry barriers and empowers SMEs in especial, to offer applications to this significant market without large upfront investments.\n\nThe project envisions:\n\nAn Internet-scale application platform for design, operation, management, and trading of services and service compositions which can be tailored to different local or global communities.\n\n4CaaST will provide benefits and business opportunities for the following stakeholders:\n\n Application Providers can focus on building applications integrating the latest IT and Telco interaction (NaaS) paradigms. Particular emphasis will be paid to scalability, lifecycle and resource management.\n Platform Providers can instantiate and efficiently operate a 4CaaST platform as a service and can establish an eco-system via the 4CaaST marketplace.\n Service Aggregators can focus on value added services through composition and mashup.\n\nThe project will bring significant benefits to the European economy. It will provide an easy to use Infrastructure for a More Competitive Environment, greatly simplifying design and delivery of tailored services and compositions.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: AAT.2013.7-7. | Award Amount: 534.35K | Year: 2013
As mentioned in the Executive Summary of the Strategic Research & Innovation Agenda, Aviation has an important role to play in reducing greenhouse gas emissions as well as noise and local air quality issues. The continuous increase of air passenger transport generates an increasing use of hydrocarbon fuel with excessive emission of CO2 and NOX (greenhouse gases, pollutants and noise). It is well known that commercial aircraft operations impact the atmosphere by the emissions of greenhouse gases and greenhouse gas precursors, and also through the formation of contrails and cirrus clouds. In 2011, during the Aerodays in Madrid, the EC launched the future of Aeronautics in the ACARE Flight Path 2050 Vision for the Aircraft report containing the ambitious goals on the environmental impact with 90% reduction in NOx emissions, 75% reduction in CO2 emissions per passenger kilometer, and the reduction of the noise in by 65%, all relative to year 2000. To achieve the ACARE Strategic Research & Innovation Agenda green aeronautics technologies will play a more and more dominant role in mastering the challenge on Protecting the environment and the energy supply. GRAIN2 Supported Action, based on the same collaborative and win-win spirit introduced in former EU-China GRAIN project, will provide inputs and roadmaps for the development of large scale simulation strategies for greener technologies to meet the above future requirements on emissions, fuel consumption and noise. To reach these targets, green technologies efforts will have to be collected and prospected in three major lines: Air vehicle, Air Transport System and Sustainable Energies. Three folds to be investigated as future greening technologies: 1) Greening the aircraft and the aero engine 2) Greening the operational environment 3) Reducing the carbon foot print of aviation via sustainable alternative fuels
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2009.9.4 | Award Amount: 584.98K | Year: 2010
The European antenna research received great benefits from the structuring efforts provided by the Network of Excellence ACE (2004-2007). The ACE NoE produced a long list of outstanding results, such as the Antenna Expert Groups (AEG), the European School of Antennas (ESoA), the European Conferences on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), the Antenna Virtual Centre of Excellence (VCE) and the European Association on Antennas and Propagation (EurAAP) joined by over 300 European institutions and 1700 researchers etc. (see www.antennasvce.org).\nIn this frame, the CARE Coordination Action is aimed at reinforcing the existing cooperation among the antenna research teams across Europe and provides the framework for a better collaboration among the research projects dealing with antennas and wireless technologies in Health, Transport, Security and Space applications.\nIn particular the CARE objectives are:\n\tto improve the knowledge exchange, by secondments among the AEG and in the ESoA\n\tto promote good practices in antenna software and measurements standardisation\n\tto support the dissemination, by sessions convened by the AEG in the EuCAP Conference\n\tto keep alive the Antennas Virtual Centre of Excellence for information spreading.\nMoreover, CARE will continue the existing coordination, started during ACE, with the National Societies in antenna research (CIRMA, IET, ITG, REsA, SEE, SIEm, SITEL etc.) in order to create synergies with the national research projects and to improve the European excellence in antenna research.\nThe Consortium is composed by top level institutions of the European antenna research area. Each CARE Participant will also act as the national or regional hub for the distribution of the CARE results.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: FI.ICT-2011.1.9 | Award Amount: 3.88M | Year: 2011
The INFINITY Support Action will have a positive impact on the success of the FI-PPP programme. Through collaboration with organisations across Europe, INFINITY will capture and communicate information about available infrastructures and any interoperability requirements and issues. INFINITY will document any usage-related operational constraints and seek to identify and foster federation opportunities that could facilitate large scale experimentation and testing.\nA dynamic innovative repository based on a set of community-driven Web tools will be realized to promote the evolving vision of available infrastructures as a living organism. This is supported by a methodology that will promote a consistent categorisation of the infrastructure resources, thereby facilitating a mapping between Use Case requirements and infrastructure offerings.\nThe efficient gathering of data about the available infrastructures is ensured by including key representatives of the important public and private infrastructure stakeholders directly in the consortium and/or as members of a Concertation Board.\nThe Web repository, the close co-operation with the FI-PPP Facilitation CSA and the specific expertise and relationships of the partners will:\n\tsupport the Core Platform by consolidating detail about existing and emerging advanced infrastructures, and help define the required Generic Enablers for seamless integration and enable new and innovative experimentation.\n\tstimulate infrastructure owners to effectively bridge the gap between their current capabilities and Use Case requirements, thereby encouraging investment in upgrades and standards to realise these opportunities, and leading to greater sustainability.\nThe project will produce an evolving series of recommendations, roadmaps, tactical actions and strategies that will enhance the potential for the identified infrastructures to participate in the trialling of FI-PPP Use Cases as the Programme progresses towards Phase 2.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.5.2 | Award Amount: 4.72M | Year: 2013
MOSAIC will address two very specific aspects linked to the prediction of risk of developing diabetes (type 2 and gestational) and complications associated to diabetes. These objectives respond to a widely recognized problem related to diabetes management and have the potential to have a major impact in the way diabetes is currently diagnosed and followed in Europe.\nThe MOSAIC consortium counts with the expertise of four modelling partners who have worked over 25 years in the development of models of the human metabolic response in diabetes that will be enhanced in the project with the incorporation of elements that provide information related to environmental and clinical factors that prove to be relevant for the objectives defined such as socio-economic aspects, geographic localization, cultural background, nutrition, etc.\n\n\nMultiple data bases cutting across geographic boundaries are available to the MOSAIC consortium as a result of the activities of previous studies and projects of the members, such as (a) METABO 7FP EU project; (b) from the transversal study Healthy Breakfast enriched with Medtronics CareLink reports for continuous glucose monitoring systems; (c) two large longitudinal epidemiological studies over 10 years long (VIVA study, BOTNIA prospective study); (d) outpatient data treated by FSM, Athens Hospital, Health Department Valencia-La Fe, ASL Pavia program over more than 10 years and (e) other data bases generated in ongoing 7FP EU studies like ePREDICE.\n\nMOSAIC will integrate these models into an already existing platform for diabetes management and remote monitoring, NOMHAD Chronic, to facilitate the interpretation and visualization of the data and to enable a comprehensive understanding of the information by the health care professionals. At the same time this platform will be used during the validation phase of the project to acquire data during the prospective study to feed the models under test.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2011-6;SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2011-3 | Award Amount: 19.67M | Year: 2012
Large scale societal challenges require large scale monitoring and control solutions. Technological developments will make it possible to design and build these large systems. A major obstacle in realizing these systems is the lack of a versatile methodology to design and implement adaptive monitoring and control systems taking into account intrinsic properties of system of systems (decentralization, dynamic requirements, continuous evolution and changing components). The goal of DEMANES is to provide component-based methods, framework and tools for development of runtime adaptive systems, making them capable of reacting to changes in themselves, in their environment (battery state, availability and throughput of the network connection, availability of external services, etc.) and in user needs (requirements). to model the architecture and the operation of adaptive systems to support the design process of such systems by providing simulation and evaluation environments and test-beds to support the implementation of such system by providing services for self organization, reconfiguration and self optimization as parts of the execution environment to verify and test adaptive systems to monitor the internal and external operational conditions and manage adaptation at run time. In order to go beyond the state of the art DEMANES combines recent advances from systems and control engineering. The concept, methodology and tools developed in DEMANES will be validated and demonstrated in three use cases: smart urban transport, smart airport and smart home. To reach the ambitious goals of DEMANES in the spirit of the ARTEMIS programme a large consortium is necessary to cover the range of disciplines necessary. The partners in the DEMANES consortium are complementary in terms of technical competencies and organizational, business and market experience. .. APPROVED BY ARTEMIS-JU on 17-03-2015
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: Fission-2009-2.3.3 | Award Amount: 509.53K | Year: 2010
The objective of the proposal is based on the outcome of PATEROS CA to assess more in depth the regional approach to P&T implementation. It will respond to one of the key-topics put forward by the Strategic Research Agenda of SNETP. The project intends to look at the economical aspects of the most realistic scenario for P&T with the hypothesis: limit the MA bearing fuel transport and limit the MA bearing fuel handling in and between all places such as at the reactor, at the fuel fabrication and at the reprocessing plant.We would like to assess the cost associated to implementing ADSs or dedicated Fast Reactors as minor actinide burning facilities. The idea is to start from two fixed hypotheses: (1) we work in double-strata approach and look only at the second (burning stratum); (2) we assume a certain influx of minor actinide mass per year that needs to be burned. These two hypotheses will allow the project to avoid extensive scenario studies. The economic impact will be evaluated for investment cost, associated fuel cycle and operational cost but not the needed R&D cost. A crucial parameter to be established for both reactor systems is the maximal minor actinide (MA) content in a core loading. This maximal MA value is determined by operational safety criteria to be adhered by the dedicated burner. An evaluation of a number of safety parameters for the systems will give an upper boundary for the minor actinide mass present in the core. In order to not diversify the work, the project should define a generic and representative system for the ADS approach and the FR approach. For the ADS, one can benefit from the work done in the FP6-EUROTRANS on the EFIT design. For the FR, one could use an SFR or LFR as a starting point. However, the design should be optimized to the task of a dedicated burner. Concerning the FR two options could be envisaged for the core lay-out: driver fuel with blanket or homogeneous mixture.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: TPT.2013-3. | Award Amount: 643.79K | Year: 2013
TRI-VALUE will look back into the FP7 work on transport with the aim of performing an ex-post evaluation. The objectives are: (1) analyse implementation and management; (2) assess achievements and impacts of the transport research financed by FP7 (regarding specific objectives, economic, social and environmental impacts); (3) evaluate efficiency, effectiveness and relevance of the funding; and (4) assess sustainability and utility of the programmes. This information will be used to outline conclusions and recommendations for improving transport research and innovation. Given the complexity and timeframe of the topic, a straightforward methodology is proposed, inspired in consultancy projects. An inception meeting will be held to open direct a communication pathway with the Commission, to be maintained throughout the project. TRI-VALUE proposes to build its analytical framework based on the Research Impact Pathway methodology (developed in SITPRO and SITPRO Plus projects), to be adapted to reflect latest developments and address specific needs of TRI-VALUE (e.g. with inputs from MARPOS, METRONOME, Interim Evaluation of the FP7 and Impact Assessment to Horizon 2020). The assessment will then be prepared combining primary data (survey, project reviews and stakeholder consultation) and secondary data (databases, e.g. CORDA, SESAM; and from other projects, e.g. Impact Assessment to Horizon 2020 or EU TRAIN). This work will allow an analysis of performance across a set of indicators, complemented by a comparison with R&I systems from other economies. The team was established bearing in mind the need to capitalize knowledge from other projects. In addition to a balanced composition between consultants, research centres and universities, merging experience in transport with innovation systems and know-how of thematic areas within transport, the partnership brings in knowledge from, e.g. SITPRO, SITPRO Plus, MARPOS, METRONOME, Market-up, Pro Inno, EUTRAIN and DETRA.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2012.2.5.2 | Award Amount: 9.25M | Year: 2013
Renewable energies have often problems in order to provide a stable and reliable power supply, as they often depend on meteorological circumstances that have a variable or stochastic component. This fact is often used by their detractors to favour the use of other alternatives such as fossil fuels. The main added value of the hybridisation concept will be the achievement of the Europe Strategic Energy Technology plan (SET-Plan), which is the market, the industry and the European Union goal on energy matters: self producing firm renewable energy with an optimal cost-efficiency ratio. A new hybrid CSP system, fully renewable will be developed at the pre-industrial scale by including a new configuration in a conventional CSP plant with storage system. This solution includes an aeroderivative gas turbine (AGT) exhaust gases simulator with a heat recovery system (HRS) that will recover the heat from the exhaust gases in the storage system. The evaluation of biomass derived gas fuels (bio-gas and syngas) production and consumption in the hybrid CSP plant will be studied, simulated and evaluated at a commercial scale. Moreover, both economic costs and technology of the new elements developed and adapted to the needs of this hybrid technology will be assessed from an operating profitability perspective and totally orientated to market feasibility. The project will involve six main research lines according to the major investigation areas: development of a new Heat Recovery System (designing specially carefully the materials and the thermal areas of each HRS component); development of an Integrated Operation and Control Systems and Tools (evaluating critical operations); improvements on production, upgrading, distribution and utilization of BDGF adapted to the needs of the hybrid technology; development of an AGT Exhaust gases simulator adapted to the needs of the hybrid technology; integration of the previous developments in the proposed HYSOL power plant and environmental and economic assessment.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2007-2.2-01 | Award Amount: 7.96M | Year: 2007
Among the most significant scientific inquiries defined by Science (July 2005) was whether or not scientists will be able to build a laser of intensity sufficient to rip photons into electron-positron pairs. ELI will be the first infrastructure to approach this limit. It represents the consensual effort of 13 European countries, more than 50 laboratories and numerous international collaborators. Dedicated to the fundamental study of laser-matter interaction in a new and unsurpassed, ultra-relativistic regime, this facility will be based on an exawatt-class laser delivering ultra-short (down to fractions of attosecond) pulses at least 100 times more powerful than any other existing or planned. ELI will strive to be a highly multidisciplinary platform with specialized laser, particle or radiation beam lines dedicated to wide scientific fields, from fundamental ones: atomic, particle, nuclear, gravitational, and cosmology, to societal ones. ELI will for instance benefit in life science, nanotechnology material science, or environment. ELI will finally foster technology transfers, as well as education and training. The ELI preparatory phase aims at establishing all the elements for the start of a successful construction and operation of the facility. It includes the technical studies that define within strict safety guidelines, the laser and its experimental ancillaries characteristics, leading into site selection issues. It examines the legal and governance networking elements that will ensure a stable and smooth operation. It allows steady evaluation of construction and operation costs, as well as decommissioning ones. This three years period will furthermore allow investigating new opportunities opened by the ultra-relativistic regime and consolidating the European users community and its international counterparts.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IRSES | Award Amount: 328.70K | Year: 2012
The main strategic objective of BIOMed is to enhance the scientific collaboration between North-South Euro-Mediterranean countries. The purpose is to: 1) Initiate the establishment of national BioMedical Informatics (BMI) associations, aligned with IMIA, for remodelling the national strategies; 2) Structure the BMI Strategic Plans for MEDA; 3) Define the requirements for targeted BMI new projects and initiatives; 4) Encourage and support the establishment of Biomedical Informatics Centres of Excellence advising for Future reformation. BIOMed will synergistically apply up-to-date European and International methodologies & standards. The defined challenges are: integrating multiple segregated BMI initiatives and policies; overcoming obstructions- socio, political, economic; recommendation adaptation, assessing the current and proposed solutions; defining the national health systems real demands; identifying different European best practices. In 2004, the European eHealth Area action plan (COM 2004/ 356) focused on improving the healthcare services; defining best practices; and exchanging the knowledge between different health practitioners. eHealths central role in the European Unions eEurope strategy is to improve the efficiency of the health system, the quality of the delivered services and accessibility of the medical data. These commission priorities are not only restricted to European citizens, but extended also to cover other neighbourhood regions- MPC. IMIA Strategic Plan (2007) plans to enhance the collaboration and to network biomedical informatics initiatives to maximize its impact world-wide. BIOMed intends to integrate different European expertise in BMI in a single Comprehensive Framework Results - BMI-MEDA Strategy Plan: developing BMI National and Regional Strategic Plans in EG & JO - BIOMed-BOARD (Strategic Planning): to initiate and sustain long-term partnerships - BIO (S&T Activities): Mobility aims to develop BMI Observatory for S&T improvements
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.4 | Award Amount: 2.79M | Year: 2008
The objective of the GENESYS project is to develop a cross-domain reference architecture for embedded systems that can be instantiated for different application domains to meet the requirements and constraints documented in the ARTEMIS strategic research agenda. These requirements are composability, networking, security, robustness, diagnosis, integrated resource management and evolvability. The reference architecture will address common issues, such as complexity management, separation of communication and computation, support for different levels of quality of service, security, model-based design, heterogeneity of subsystems, legacy integration, optimal power usage, and diagnosis. It will provide domain-independent services that can be customized to the needs of a particular application domain. Domain-specific platform services will be converged such that components from different application domains can be consistently integrated while preserving relevant properties. The project will result in a conceptualization of the cross-domain architecture, a specification of cross-domain core services and optional services for the selected application domains, and four exploratory prototypes that will demonstrate and help to evaluate the feasibility of selected central architectural concepts in the different application domains. The expected impact of GENESYS is a reduction of development costs and a speed-up of the time-to-market of embedded system development in different application domains, thereby strengthening the European presence in the competitive world-wide embedded systems markets. The support for cross-domain reuse of components is of particular relevance to innovative European SMEs that plan to enter those markets with high-tech products under increasing time pressure. The consortium consists of many major European embedded system suppliers and OEMs encompassing a broad range of application domains, supported by leading research and academic organizations.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.6 | Award Amount: 4.26M | Year: 2010
Data storage technology today faces many challenges, including performance inefficiencies, inadequate dependability and integrity guarantees, limited scalability, loss of confidentiality, poor resource sharing, and increased ownership and management costs. Given the importance of both direct-attached and networked storage systems for modern applications, it becomes imperative to address these issues. Multicore CPUs offer the promise of dealing with many of the underlying limitations of todays I/O architectures. However, this requires careful consideration of architectural and systems issues and complex interactions in the I/O stack, all the way from the application to the disk.\n\nIn this proposal we target three major challenges: (i) dealing with performance and scalability issues of the I/O stack on multicore architectures, (ii) addressing I/O performance and dynamic resource management issues in virtualised, single-host environments, and (iii) examining on-loading and off-loading tradeoffs for advanced functions that are becoming essential in modern storage systems, e.g. compression, protection, encryption, error correction; on-loading uses free cores of multicore CPUs, whereas off-loading uses specialized architectural features, such as heterogeneous units.\n\nThis project aims at analyzing and addressing these challenges throughout the I/O path. Our approach breaks down the I/O stack in four important layers: (a) application and middleware, (b) virtual machine, (c) host operating system, and (d) embedded storage controller. The proposed work analyzes and addresses the inefficiencies associated with these layers on multicore CPUs, by designing an I/O stack that minimizes unnecessary overheads and scales with the number of cores. Since storage systems are perhaps the most critical component of modern computing infrastructures, the proposed work will benefit many I/O-intensive applications that support activities of businesses, organisations, and individuals alike.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.5.4 | Award Amount: 2.95M | Year: 2013
Cities embody the twofold challenge currently facing the European Union: how to improve competitiveness while achieving social cohesion and environmental sustainability. They are fertile ground for science and technology, innovation and cultural activity, but also places where problems such as environmental pollution, unemployment, segregation and poverty are concentrated.INSIGHT aims to investigate how ICT, with particular focus on data science and complexity theory, can help European cities formulate and evaluate policies to stimulate a balanced economic recovery and a sustainable urban development. The objectives of the project are the following:1. to investigate how data from multiple distributed sources available in the context of the open data, the big data and the smart city movements, can be managed, analysed and visualised to understand urban development patterns;2. to apply these data mining functionalities to characterise the drivers of the spatial distribution of activities in European cities, focusing on the retail, housing, and public services sectors, and paying special attention to the impact of the current economic crisis;3. to develop enhanced spatial interaction and location models for retail, housing, and public services;4. to integrate the new theoretical models into state-of-the-art simulation tools, in order to develop enhanced decision support systems able to provide scientific evidence in support of policy options for post-crisis urban development;5. to develop innovative visualisation tools to enable stakeholder interaction with the new urban simulation and decision support tools and facilitate the analysis and interpretation of the simulation outcomes;6. to develop methodological procedures for the use of the tools in policy design processes, and evaluate and demonstrate the capabilities of the tools through four case studies carried out in cooperation with the cities of Barcelona, Madrid, London, and Rotterdam.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: PHC-20-2014 | Award Amount: 4.36M | Year: 2015
As Europes population is ageing, long-term care for elderly citizens will become an increasing cost for society. To manage this transition healthcare policies in the EU and individual Member States are heavily focussed on extending the independent life of the elderly, with the dual aim of increasing their quality of life and reducing the costs of care. Dementia affects more than 6% of people aged 60\ and has a devastating effect on their independence to date, there is no proven intervention to help dementia patients live a fulfilling life for longer. In this project we will build on an innovative patient support tool to develop a mHealth application that is specifically targeted to patients with mild dementia. The tool will help patients to adhere to their treatment and share data with their carers and doctors; carers will use the same application to monitor patients more easily and share their own well-being with doctors. This will slow the patients cognitive and functional decline, avoid carers getting exhausted and reduce costs of emergency care. Our project will comprise two phases: first we will use digital accessibility tools to re-design the existing application for dementia patients. The development will be steered by patients, carers and doctors, through user-centric design: we will collect feedback on each new version of the application until the design is perfectly adapted to the users needs. In the second phase we will pilot the optimised application with 1,100 users (patients \ carers) and 1,100 controls. This will show the clinical and social benefits for patients and carers, as well as financial benefits for the healthcare system. Successful delivery of the pilot will increase patients adherence to treatment (10 %-points), while improving the quality of life of carers and patients. It will save healthcare providers 1,818 / patient / year in care costs and will generate revenue of over 18 million / year for the consortium (Year 5).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.6.3 | Award Amount: 4.27M | Year: 2008
Sensor networks promise to bridge the gap that, for too long, has separated computing applications from the physical world that they model and in which they are ultimately embedded. Sensor networks are and will continue to be important in environmental management. However, many scientific and technological challenges need to be tackled before sensor networks are exploited in their full capacity for aiding decision support for environmental applications. This project addresses two of these challenges: (a) the development of an integrated information space where new sensor networks can be easily discovered and integrated with existing ones and possibly other data sources (e.g., historical databases), and (b) the rapid development of flexible and user-centric environmental decision support systems that use data from multiple, autonomous, independently deployed sensor networks and other applications.\n\nTo address this challenge, the SemsorGrid4Env project will investigate and develop technological infrastructure for the rapid prototyping and development of open, large-scale Semantic Sensor Grids for environmental management. In particular, SemsorGrid4Env will enable:\n1. A semantically-consistent view of several heterogeneous sensor networks as a global Grid data resource;\n2. Rapid development of Grid services that combine real-world real-time data, coming from autonomous, heterogeneous sensor networks, with legacy historical data;\n3. Rapid development of open, flexible, contextual knowledge-based thin applications (e.g., mashups) for environmental management.\n\nAs more and more sensor networks are independently developed and deployed, the SemsorGrid4Env outcomes will leverage their use of sensor networks in environmental management scenarios that were not foreseen or that transcend their original purpose. To test and demonstrate SemsorGrid4Env results, we propose two environmental monitoring and management use cases.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: EE-02-2015 | Award Amount: 5.03M | Year: 2015
Although Nearly Zero Energy Buildings will become a must for new buildings in Europe by the end of 2020 no particular building concept exists, which would enable maximum use of daylight by a transparent glass faade and at the same time ZEB performance. InDeWaG is introducing a new, disruptive building envelope system which has a at least 15% building cost reduction potential and could be brought to industrial ripeness. The cost reduction goal and ZEB performance will be achieved with Fluid Flow Glazing facades (FFG) and Radiant Interior Walls (RIW), while minimizing the size of HVAC and PV-installations. InDeWaG is following a dual strategy to bring costs of ZEB down: The project concentrates on industrial production of standardized building components, which can be used for multiple types of ZEB in different climate zones and on the development of a simulation tool for precise early stage planning of buildings which use these innovative glazing building envelope and interior elements.
MADFORWATER - DevelopMent AnD application of integrated technological and management solutions FOR wasteWATER treatment and efficient reuse in agriculture tailored to the needs of Mediterranean African Countries
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: WATER-5c-2015 | Award Amount: 4.04M | Year: 2016
Climate change and population growth are expected to exacerbate the water crisis of Mediterranean African Countries (MACs), where agriculture accounts for 80-85% of freshwater consumption. The aim of MADFORWATER is to develop a set of integrated technological and management solutions to enhance wastewater treatment, reuse for irrigation and water efficiency in agriculture in three MACs (Tunisia, Morocco and Egypt). MADFORWATER will develop and adapt to three main hydrological basins in the selected MACs technologies for the production of irrigation-quality water from drainage canals, municipal, agro-industrial and industrial wastewaters, and technologies for water efficiency and reuse in agriculture, initially validated at laboratory scale. Selected technologies will be further adapted and validated in four field pilot plants of integrated wastewater treatment/reuse. Integrated strategies for wastewater treatment and reuse targeted to the selected basins will be developed, and guidelines for the development of integrated water management strategies in other basins of the three target MACs will be produced, considering climate change, population increase and economic growth scenarios. The social and technical suitability of the developed technologies and non-technological instruments in relation to the local context will be evaluated with the participation of MAC stakeholders and partners. Guidelines on economic instruments and policies for the effective implementation of the proposed water management solutions in the target MACs will be developed. The project will lead to a relevant long-term impact in Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia in terms of increased wastewater treatment, wastewater reuse, food production and income in the agricultural and water treatment sectors, and decreased groundwater exploitation, water pollution and food contamination. The MADFORWATER consortium consists of 18 partners, 5 of which from the 3 MACs and 1 from China.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2009.3.1.5.1 | Award Amount: 4.56M | Year: 2010
The programme, involving leading European organisations, will develop innovative smart technology, systems and implementation tools. The project is set out into six main work packages: WP1 Management: controlling the operation, scientific excellence and finance of the consortium. WP2 FRe technology: developing innovative and smart technology and products, based on extending current products and introducing smart systems that rely less on manual intervention. The emphasis is on cost effective solutions. The WP will develop guidance and standards for FRe technology that could be adopted by standards organisations as harmonised standards. WP3 FRe systems: developing the concept of flood resilient systems in the urban environment through the use of case studies in seven partner countries. FRe systems are the combination of FRe technology and the urban environment within which they sit. The FRe systems can range from individual building and infrastructure level to whole cities. WP4 FRe implementation: considering how to implement FRe technology and systems in practice. It will consider appropriate tools and develop a decision support system. WP5 Integration: bringing together the theory and practical research in WP2 WP4, the intention is to demonstrate how FRe technology, systems and implementation can work in practice. The involvement of relevant stakeholders through national support groups will be essential. WP6 Dissemination: a range of dissemination activities are planned within the project. A project web site will host an information platform. National and international conferences will disseminate the research results and create impact amongst stakeholders. A manual of FRe technology, systems and implementation tools will be produced. The project partners have already cooperated for more than three years in COST Action C22 Urban Flood Management and are therefore well placed to successfully undertake this project.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-38-2015 | Award Amount: 2.22M | Year: 2016
DISCOVERY aims at supporting dialogues between Europe and North America (US and Canada); and fostering cooperation in collaborative ICT R&I, both under Horizon 2020 and under US and Canada funding programmes. With this purpose, DISCOVERY proposes a radically new approach to engage more actively and strategically in supporting dialogues and partnership building for ICT R&I cooperation. At the core of the DISCOVERY action is the Transatlantic ICT Forum that will be established as a sustainable mechanism to support policy debate and to provide opinions and recommendations furthering meaningful dialogues for purpose-driven and mutually beneficial cooperation between Europe and North America in the field of ICT. DISCOVERY will specifically focus on key aspects that until now have not been properly addressed in the political dialogue, such as funding mechanisms, ICT policy and regulations, and cybersecurity, as well as ICT priority areas of strategic interest for future partnerships in R&I. DISCOVERY will also stimulate industry engagement and innovation partnerships between the industry, research and academia, by reinforcing networking between ICT ETPs and US/Canada innovation partnerships; providing a new partner search tool; implementing Doorknock outreach to relevant US and Canada funding programmes; and using a unique set of participatory and co-creative methods and people-centric facilitation techniques to stimulate interaction among the groups of participants in project events, such as the ICT Discovery Lab and well-targeted capacity-building workshops. The DISCOVERY consortium is in the best position to leverage the required expertise, engagement with ICT dialogues, shared vision, networking capacity, access to a wide range of political, industry and economic thought-leaders throughout EU, US and Canada, and resources towards action and result-oriented dialogues, and significantly contributing to reinforce ICT R&I cooperation between Europe and North America.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETOPEN-1-2014 | Award Amount: 3.80M | Year: 2015
The terahertz (THz) spectral region, located between the infrared and the microwave regions, is known as the THz gap because of the lack of compact semiconductor devices. This spectral domain is currently intensively explored in view of its potential for medical diagnostics, security screening, trace molecule sensing, astronomical detection, space-borne imaging, non-invasive quality control or wireless communications. A prerequisite for public-domain applications to emerge in the strategic THz frequency range is the availability of compact size semiconductor sources operating at room temperature, which is out of range of the current technology based on GaAs quantum cascade lasers. ZOTERAC proposes a disruptive approach based on ZnO-based nano-engineered semiconductors in order to realize THz emitters operating at room-temperature with milliWatt output power capability as well as THz quantum detectors with unprecedented large operating temperatures. These devices are based on the quantum cascade concept and take benefit of the large optical phonon energy of ZnO (twice that of GaAs) for achieving high temperature operation. Establishing a new state-of-the-art for the design, growth and processing of ZnO/ZnMgO heterostructures, and developing an advanced know-how on oxide-based devices are major challenges of the project. The consortium regroups worldclass academic experts on ZnO technologies, quantum cascade lasers and detectors as well as THz optoelectronics. The strategies have been chosen based on a careful assessment of the risk attached to all tasks and achievement of targeted objectives at each stage of the project. This project which implies a strong expertize in basic physics, chemistry and engineering, is expected to generate high impacts in terms of scientific and technological achievements.
Luna E.,Paul Drude Institute for Solid State Electronics |
Guzman A.,Paul Drude Institute for Solid State Electronics |
Guzman A.,Technical University of Madrid |
Trampert A.,Paul Drude Institute for Solid State Electronics |
Alvarez G.,Complutense University of Madrid
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2012
We experimentally demonstrate a sigmoidal variation of the composition profile across semiconductor heterointerfaces. The wide range of material systems (III-arsenides, III-antimonides, III-V quaternary compounds, III-nitrides) exhibiting such a profile suggests a universal behavior. We show that sigmoidal profiles emerge from a simple model of cooperative growth mediated by two-dimensional island formation, wherein cooperative effects are described by a specific functional dependence of the sticking coefficient on the surface coverage. Experimental results confirm that, except in the very early stages, island growth prevails over nucleation as the mechanism governing the interface development and ultimately determines the sigmoidal shape of the chemical profile in these two-dimensional-grown layers. In agreement with our experimental findings, the model also predicts a minimum value of the interfacial width, with the minimum attainable value depending on the chemical identity of the species. © 2012 American Physical Society.
Spanish University for Distance Education (UNED) and Technical University of Madrid | Date: 2011-05-27
A receiver for a solar power plant with mirrors (7) and horizontal longitudinal receivers (1) includes a rotating shaft and axis of symmetry which (14) are parallel to a longitudinal axis of the radiation receiver. The receiver is formed by a balanced expansion and pressure collector, the tubes (19) of which are grouped in a separate central bundle (20) and adjacent bundles (21 and 22), thermally insulated from one another longitudinally. Heat transfer fluid circulates first through both adjacent bundles in parallel, to then be injected into the central bundle, where the radiation intensity received is greater because of receiving the radiation from the array of mirrors focused on the midline of the active face (2) of the receiver, each bundle of tubes being able to be covered by a separate (60, 61, 62) transparent window (28).
Gurrutxaga M.,University of the Basque Country |
Rubio L.,University of Lleida |
Saura S.,Technical University of Madrid
Landscape and Urban Planning | Year: 2011
The connectivity of protected area networks depends on key elements located in strategic positions within the landscape, which uphold the ecological fluxes and sustain the diversity and longterm viability of native biota. Landscape planning requires objective and quantitative approaches to identify those key elements and reinforce the spatial coherence of protected area designs and related conservation schemes. With this objective, we apply for the first time recent methodological developments that, deriving from the probability of connectivity index, allow evaluating the role of both individual protected areas and links in the intermediate landscape matrix as providers of connectivity between the rest of the sites in the network. We focus on a case study covering the forest protected areas from the Cantabrian Range to the Western Alps (N Spain, S France and NW Italy), considering different dispersal distances and the impact of highways. We show how the proposed approach is useful to identify those protected areas and links that most contribute to uphold functional connectivity in this transnational network, as well as those road sectors where the defragmentation and barrier effect mitigation measures should be prioritized. We compare our results with other more qualitative and expert-based approaches that have been reported in the same area. The methodological approach could be easily adopted in a variety of other related landscape planning applications at different scales, with the required quantitative tools being available as free and open source software packages. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FI.ICT-2011.1.8 | Award Amount: 19.54M | Year: 2013
Insights gained in FI-PPP Phase 1 emphasize the need for novel ICT solutions that allow radical improvements for collaboration in business networks. Primary sectors demanding such solutions are Agri-Food and Transport & Logistics industries: several actors (incl. enterprises, authorities, service providers) need to exchange information & communicate across org. borders to conduct business. Current ICT solutions limit this to mostly manual efforts, therewith tremendously hampering business efficiency, effectiveness & sustainability.Leveraging on outcomes of two complementary Phase 1 use case projects (FInest & SmartAgriFood), aim of FIspace is to pioneer towards fundamental changes on how collaborative business networks will work in future. FIspace will develop a multi-domain Business Collaboration Space (short: FIspace) that employs FI technologies for enabling seamless collaboration in open, cross-organizational business networks, establish eight working Experimentation Sites in Europe where Pilot Applications are tested in Early Trials for Agri-Food, Transport & Logistics and prepare for industrial uptake by engaging with players & associations from relevant industry sectors and IT industry.FIspace will extensively utilize GEs and Development Kit from FI-PPP Core Platform, validating its capabilities, openness & versatility for realizing future B2B collaboration solutions. FIspace will be open; other FI-PPP projects and external users & solution providers can easily use, test & exploit it. It supports a future business model where external solution providers, esp. SMEs, can provide additional, novel, and disruptive solutions into the FIspace ecosystem. With this, FIspace will prepare for establishment of a future standard for cross-organizational business collaboration leapfrogging pressing challenges arising in industry, exploit FI technologies developed in FI PPP, and lay foundation for industrial uptake & innovation enablement planned for FI-PPP Phase 3.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: DS-01-2016 | Award Amount: 999.99K | Year: 2017
TRUESSEC.EU is a CSA on certification and labelling of trustworthiness properties from a multidisciplinary SSH-ICT perspective and with emphasis on human rights. The current complexity of ICT products and services makes it difficult to appraise their trustworthiness. Thus, certification becomes a must to restore transparency and trust. TRUESSEC.EU aims at exploring the situation, the barriers, and the benefits of security and privacy labels; engaging stakeholders in the discussions, and issuing recommendations that may foster the adoption and acceptance of labels. With that aim, TRUESSEC.EU works and results are sustained by three pillars: 1) A StakeHolders Online Platform (SHOP), where associated cluster projects and stakeholders from industry, academia, governments and civil society will gather, participate in debates, get informed, and provide their opinions and feedback on the topics of the project. 2) A series of Support Analysis and Studies (SUPPA) from multidisciplinary perspectives on issues of trustworthiness certification and assurance, to study the situation of trust-enhancing labels, barriers/incentives to industry adoption and consumer acceptance. Information will be gathered from both public sources and the interactions with stakeholders through SHOP. Four different approaches will be applied: -Socio-cultural -Legal & ethical -Technological -Business 3) A set of Recommendations on European Trust-Enhancing Labels (ETEL) dealing with: methodological aspects of certification and assurance, a catalogue of criteria for labels and certifications, and regulatory aspects to foster their adoption, plus a strategic agenda. These recommendations reflect the conclusions obtained from the support analysis and from the stakeholders. The community of stakeholders will nourish, among others, from: (a) members of the consortium partners that are stakeholder networks themselves (DIGICAT, APWG, KTN, AUI), and (b) H2020 RIAs & IAs from the associated cluster.
Wisniacki D.A.,FCEyN |
Ares N.,FCEyN |
Vergini E.G.,Comision Nacional de la Energia Atomica |
Vergini E.G.,Technical University of Madrid
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2010
The prediction of the response of a closed system to external perturbations is one of the central problems in quantum mechanics, and in this respect, the local density of states (LDOS) provides an in-depth description of such a response. The LDOS is the distribution of the overlaps squared connecting the set of eigenfunctions with the perturbed one. Here, we show that in the case of closed systems with classically chaotic dynamics, the LDOS is a Breit-Wigner distribution under very general perturbations of arbitrary high intensity. Consequently, we derive a semiclassical expression for the width of the LDOS which is shown to be very accurate for paradigmatic systems of quantum chaos. This Letter demonstrates the universal response of quantum systems with classically chaotic dynamics. © 2010 The American Physical Society.
Muslija A.,Karlsruhe Institute of Technology |
Diaz Lantada A.,Technical University of Madrid
Smart Materials and Structures | Year: 2014
Auxetic materials (or metamaterials) have negative Poisson ratios (NPR) and display the unexpected properties of lateral expansion when stretched, and equal and opposing densification when compressed. Such auxetic materials are being used more frequently in the development of novel products, especially in the fields of intelligent expandable actuators, shape-morphing structures and minimally invasive implantable devices. Although several micromanufacturing technologies have already been applied to the development of auxetic materials and devices, additional precision is needed to take full advantage of their special mechanical properties. In this study, we present a very promising approach for the development of auxetic materials and devices based on the use of deep reactive ion etching (DRIE). The process stands out for its precision and its potential applications to mass production. To our knowledge, it represents the first time this technology has been applied to the manufacture of auxetic materials with nanometric details. We take into account the present capabilities and challenges linked to the use of DRIE in the development of auxetic materials and auxetic-based devices. © 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Hengsbach S.,Karlsruhe Institute of Technology |
Lantada A.D.,Technical University of Madrid
Smart Materials and Structures | Year: 2014
Auxetic materials (or metamaterials) are those with a negative Poisson ratio (NPR) and that display the unexpected property of lateral expansion when stretched, as well as an equal and opposing densification when compressed. Such geometries are being progressively employed in the development of novel products, especially in the fields of intelligent expandable actuators, shape morphing structures and minimally invasive implantable devices. Although several micromanufacturing technologies have already been applied to the development of auxetic geometries and devices, additional precision is needed to take full advantage of their special mechanical properties. In this study we present a very promising approach for the development of auxetic metamaterials and devices based on the use of direct laser writing. The process stands out for its precision and complex three-dimensional (3D) geometries attainable without the need of supporting structures. To our knowledge it represents one of the first examples of the application of this technology to the manufacture of auxetic geometries and mechanical metamaterials, with details even more remarkable than those shown in very recent studies, almost reaching the current limit of this additive manufacturing technology. We have used some special 3D auxetic designs whose remarkable NPR has been previously highlighted. © 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Larranaga P.,Technical University of Madrid |
Moral S.,University of Granada
Applied Soft Computing Journal | Year: 2011
In this paper, we review the role of probabilistic graphical models in artificial intelligence. We start by giving an account of the early years when there was important controversy about the suitability of probability for intelligent systems. We then discuss the main milestones for the foundations of graphical models starting with Pearl's pioneering work. Some of the main techniques for problem solving (abduction, classification, and decision-making) are briefly explained. Finally, we propose some important challenges for future research and highlight relevant applications (forensic reasoning, genomics and the use of graphical models as a general optimization tool). © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Bejar Haro B.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne |
Zazo S.,Technical University of Madrid |
Palomar D.P.,Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing | Year: 2014
Energy efficiency is a major design issue in the context of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). If the acquired data is to be sent to a far-away base station, collaborative beamforming performed by the sensors may help to distribute the communication load among the nodes and to reduce fast battery depletion. However, collaborative beamforming techniques are far from optimality and in many cases we might be wasting more power than required. We consider the issue of energy efficiency in beamforming applications. Using a convex optimization framework, we propose the design of a virtual beamformer that maximizes the network lifetime while satisfying a pre-specified Quality of Service (QoS) requirement. We derive both centralized and distributed algorithms for the solution of the problem using convex optimization and consensus algorithms. In order to account for other sources of battery depletion different from that of communications beamforming, we consider an additional random energy term in the consumption model. The formulation then switches to a probabilistic design that generalizes the deterministic case. Conditions under which the general problem is convex are also provided. © 2013 IEEE.
Canavarro D.,University of Évora |
Chaves J.,Technical University of Madrid |
Collares-Pereira M.,University of Évora
Solar Energy | Year: 2013
Parabolic Trough concentrators are the predominant Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) technology today. However this technology is facing substantial challenge from the need to reduce costs and/or increase performance. This paper address this challenge by exploring the room left from the fact this type of optic falls short from the theoretical limits of concentration, proposing a new solution enabling the design of larger troughs with higher concentration or larger acceptance angles, through the use of second stage concentration of a novel type. This new optic is designed with the Simultaneous Multiple Surface (SMS) method for two reflective (X) surfaces (XX SMS) Winston et al. (2005) - of which the primary is approximately parabolic - using a different assignation of the edge rays in order to significantly reduce the Fresnel losses around the glass cover of the evacuated tubes commonly used in CSP applications. To analyze the merits of this new optic, two different comparisons are made. The first one with the SMS Helmet concentrator through the calculation of CAP (Concentration-Acceptance Product) and the second one with a commercial Parabolic Trough concentrator, using an estimate of the total amount of collected energy (kW h) for one particular location, Faro (Portugal). The paper ends with a discussion of the results obtained, their impact and possible applications in the future. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Senent S.,Technical University of Madrid |
Mollon G.,Hong Kong University of Science and Technology |
Jimenez R.,Technical University of Madrid
International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences | Year: 2013
A tunnel face may collapse if the support pressure is lower than a limit value called the 'critical' or 'collapse' pressure. In this work, an advanced rotational failure mechanism is developed to compute, in the context of limit analysis, the collapse pressure for tunnel faces in fractured rock masses characterized by the Hoek-Brown non-linear failure criterion. The non-linearity introduces the need for additional assumptions about the distribution of normal stresses along the slip surface, which translate into new parameters in the limit analysis optimization problem. A numerical 3D finite difference code is employed to identify adequate approximations of the distribution of normal stresses along the failure surface, with results showing that linear stress distributions along the failure surface are needed to obtain improved results in the case of weaker rock masses. Test-cases are employed to validate the new mechanism with the three-dimensional numerical model. Results show that critical pressures computed with limit analysis are very similar to those obtained with the numerical model, and that the failure mechanisms obtained in the limit analysis approach are also very similar to those obtained in small scale model tests and with the numerical simulations. The limit analysis approach based on the new failure mechanism is significantly more computationally efficient than the 3D numerical approach, providing fast, yet accurate, estimates of critical pressures for tunnel face stability in weak and fractured rock masses. The methodology has been further employed to develop simple design charts that provide the face collapse pressure of tunnels within a wide variety of practical situations. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-1.10-2015 | Award Amount: 1.83M | Year: 2016
The proposed project Drag Reduction via Turbulent Boundary Layer Flow Control (DRAGY) will approach the problem of turbulent drag reduction through the investigation of active/passive flow-control techniques to manipulate the drag produced by the flow structures in turbulent boundary layers. In addition, the project aims to improve the understanding of the underlying physics behind the control techniques and its interaction with the boundary layer to maximize their efficiency. Turbulent Boundary Layer Control (TBLC) for skin-friction drag reduction is a relatively new technology made possible through the advances in computational-simulation capabilities, which have improved our understanding of the flow structures of turbulence. Advances in micro-electronic technology have enabled the fabrication of actuation systems capable of manipulating these structures. The combination of simulation, understanding and micro-actuation technologies offer new opportunities to significantly decrease drag, and by doing so, increase fuel efficiency of future aircraft. The literature review that follows will show that the application of active control turbulent skin-friction drag reduction is considered of prime importance by industry, even though it is still at a very low Technology Readiness Level (TRL =1). Given the scale of the Flightpath 2050 challenge, now is the appropriate time to investigate the potential of this technology and attempt to raise the TRL to 2 or possibly 3 in some particular branches of the subject. DRAGY proposes a European R&T collaborative effort specifically focused on active and passive control for turbulent skin-friction drag reduction. The project will result in mutual benefits for industry and scientific European as well as Chinese communities, in a topic of growing concern, namely drag-reduction technologies.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-1.10-2015 | Award Amount: 1.80M | Year: 2016
The proposed project, IMAGE, is relevant to Topic MG-1.10-2015, aiming to enhance the EU-China collaborative effort focusing on Innovative methods and numerical technologies for airframe and engine noise reduction. The project consortium consists of 12 partners. The purpose of IMAGE is to investigate experimentally and numerically innovative airframe and engine noise-reduction technologies and, in a systematic conjunction, to develop robust methodologies of addressing these technologies. Airframe noise is addressed by tackling landing gears and high-lift devices, and engine noise through its fan component. Fundamental investigations of three key control strategies are carried out: plasma actuation, turbulence screens and innovative porous materials, on a platform of three configurations, relevant to airframe and aero-engine noise generation and control, including a wing mock-up, tandem cylinder and engine-fan duct. Beyond this, IMAGE explores further the installation effect of aeroacoustic engine-jet/wing interaction with a simplified configuration, as well as low-noise concepts and optimal noise-actuation methods by means of aeroacoustic optimization. The project will conclude a comprehensive understanding of the physical mechanisms concerning flow-induced airframe and engine-fan noise generation, propagation and control, and of further improvement of beam-forming technology and noise source identification in aero-acoustic experimental analysis. The experiment will generate well-documented database, supporting the development of numerical modelling and simulation methodologies for reliable validation and verification. To this end, with technical synthesis and industrial assessment, the noise control methods will be optimized and be facilitated towards potential industrial use, and the methodologies developed should form a robust part of advanced tools in industrial practice.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2008.5.2.1. | Award Amount: 3.81M | Year: 2009
EU CargoXpress is going to develop a groundbreaking innovative cargo vessel to meet the expectations of green transport and contributing to decongesting of Europes roads. It gives particular attention to the role of SMEs not only in the composition of the consortium (2 out of 6 industry partners are SMEs plus 6 research institutions and a public body) but also when delivering the design of the cargo vessel of the future which is particularly suited for the small and medium sized European Shipyards and equipment suppliers. The vessel Concept EU-CargoXpress goes far beyond existing approaches from aspects of ship equipment (combined superstructure with bridge, crane and sail) new propulsion Concept (superconducting energy conversion, PODs) ship structure (lightweight fit for serial production) maintenance (modularised/ standardised and boxed equipment for immediate exchange rather than repair on board) ship operation (sailor in home base, through fixed routes) and promotes a logistic philosophy which has the potential to revolutionize the Short Sea Shipping (SSS) business in the Motorways-of-the-Sea. It follows the Ryanair approach which has developed service to hundreds of small airports.EU-CARGOEXPRESS will do a similar thing it provides a high tech vessel for medium and small marine or fluvial ports to shorten considerably the remaining road-transport. This will clearly impact on CO2 and other pollutants emission. First calculations show a potential of total fuel savings of 10,3 Mt/year which accounts for 0,63 % of total EU25 energy consumption per year, when applying the concept to the next 3000 newbuildings for SSS.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST-2007-4.1-02 | Award Amount: 5.05M | Year: 2009
About 41,600 people were killed and more than 1.7 million injured in European road accidents in 2005. Although the number of road fatalities has declined by more than 17% since 2001, more efforts will have to be made if the ECs targets on reduction of road fatalities and injuries are to be met. The THORAX Project will focus on reduction and prevention of thoracic injuries, one of the dominant causes for fatalities and injuries in car crashes. The objective of THORAX is to develop the required understanding in thoracic injury mechanisms and to implement this into numerical and experimental tools that will enable the design and evaluation of advanced vehicle restraint systems that offer optimal protection for a wide variety of car occupants. In order to maximise the safety benefits gained from new vehicle technology for different genders, ages and sizes, these tools will have to be more sensitive to the in-vehicle occupant environment than what is the case today. THORAX mobilises the European research community and car industry to study real world loading conditions and related injury mechanisms given the variation in occupant characteristics and system functionalities offered by modern restraint systems. The gained know-how will be implemented in hardware and software demonstrators that will be evaluated for their added potential on restraint optimisation. THORAX aims to stimulate the introduction of new technologies in vehicles to further reduce road fatalities and injuries to car occupants in Europe and make the traffic safer for young and older drivers. The project also aims to increase the level of competitiveness of the European automobile industry. Safety is a proven selling point, as underlined by a substantial involvement of European car industry in THORAX. The developed tools will be forwarded for usage in design of lS vehicle systems and assessment procedures of such systems. For this purpose THORAX will cooperate with related projects, as defined in a CSA
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.9.2 | Award Amount: 1.38M | Year: 2014
Starting with some specific types of cancers, this project will try to generalize the methodology to discriminate between healthy and malignant tissues in real-time during surgical procedures. Using the hyperspectral signatures of the healthy tissues and the same tissues affected by cancer, a mathematical model of how cancer affects to the hyperspectral signature will be derived. The research will start with the challenging task of brain cancer detection. A precise resection of the gliomas will minimize the negative effect of removing brain cells while assuring an effective tumour resection. The second type of tumours to be analysed will be the lung and breast cancers as they represent the two most common cancers in the world. Based on the experience gained during the evolution of the project and guided by the oncologist expertise, many other types of cancer out from the more than 200 that affect human beings will be studied. As cancer supposes a change in the cellular physiology, it should be detected as a change in the hyper-spectral signature. This project will try to determine if there is a certain pattern that could be identified as a cancer hyperspectral signature. Although previous works demonstrates that hyperspectral imaging can be used for certain cancer detection in animals, no application to human beings in real-time surgery has been found. This project will develop an experimental intraoperative setup based on non-invasive hyperspectral cameras connected to a platform running a set of algorithms capable of discriminate between healthy or pathological tissues. This information will be provided, through different display devices to the surgeon, overlapping normal viewing images with simulated colours that will indicate the cancer probability of the tissue presently exposed during every instant of the surgical procedure. A high-efficiency hardware/software prototype will be developed with the aim of recognising cancer tissues on real time.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: FTIPilot-1-2015 | Award Amount: 1.87M | Year: 2016
DynaHUBs is a project designed to kick start the development of the Physical Internet using a crowd-sourced approach. Starting with motorcycles, we will test the technology and the business model to provide a new way of connecting routes and increasing capacity for door-to-door cargo and freight logistics. Once proven on motorcycles this capability will be used for all vehicles and existing transportation systems for not only freight but also for people. At the technological core of the project is the virtual exchange nodes called DynaHUBs. They provide an exchange mechanism to form a Physical Internet on the existing transportation infrastructure enabling users to I) switch between different modes of transport, ii) cancel unnecessary journeys, iii) shorten routes and iv) share capacity between vehicles, goods and people. DynaHUBs are living mechanisms and change dynamically according to users needs, traffic patterns, weather conditions, and extreme situations such as natural or manmade disasters.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA-2007-2.1-01 | Award Amount: 6.66M | Year: 2009
The ULISSE project is conceived by a network of centers already operative in space experimentation. This network is mainly based on the European USOCs including a number of research centers and companies. The USOCs (User Support and Operation Centers) are a network of centres engaged by the European Space Agency (ESA) in various EU countries to support the operations for scientific experiments on board the International Space Station. ESA recognised the unique expertise of the USOCs in space experimentation; in fact, USOCs personnel has a sound scientific background, participate in research projects and realise a large number of space experiments, consolidating experience on scientific space payloads and related operations. In addition, USOCs have well-established liaisons with the scientific community, with national public institutions and with European industries. These competences and resources make the USOCs network particularly able to generate value from space experiments. The ULISSE project proposes to exploit this network of competences and resources to complement the on-going activities of payload operations on the ISS with new initiatives aimed at increasing the return of scientific space activities. For this purpose, ULISSE intends to pursue the valorisation and exploitation of ISS scientific data and of the already available data from previous space experiments as well as data from other space platforms, increasing the involvement of specialized community and the awareness of general public. ULISSE will provide scientific and technical data concerning most scientific disciplines, as Life Sciences including Space Medicine and Exobiology, Biotechnology, Material and Fluid Sciences. The data will be integrated with specific services and tools for their exploitation through a middleware platform. The project will include dissemination activities: scientific as well as divulgative publications, public events, educational activities on space research.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.5.1 | Award Amount: 9.86M | Year: 2008
The PERFORM project aims to tackle problems associated with the efficient remote health status monitoring, the qualitative and quantitative assessment and the treatment personalisation for people suffering from neurodegenerative diseases and movement disorders, such as Parkinsons disease (PD). The PERFORM project aspires to research and develop an innovative, intelligent system for monitoring neurodegenerative disease evolution through the employment of a wide range of wearable micro-sensors, advanced knowledge processing and fusion algorithms. Advanced sensors, attached to everyday personal gadgets (e.g. cloths, accessories) will be able to sense the users behaviour and motor status and store the recorded data in a local portable/handheld computer. These data are then processed and seamlessly transmitted to the centralised system for further fusion, monitoring and evaluation. The system will be modular and extensible, to enable different combinations of measurements. An indicative list of measurements includes: tremor through accelerometers or gyroscopes and possibly ElectroMyoGram (EMG), skin conductivity and sweating through appropriate Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) sensors, SPO2 and pulse rate through a pulse oximeter sensor, bradykinesia, through the finger tapping, other similar tests using devices to detect finger pressure such as piezo-electric and eye blinking rate through ElectroOculoGram (EOG) measurements. All monitoring gadgets will be wirelessly connected and seamlessly integrated to produce a user-friendly and patient-customised monitoring tool. The recorded signals will be pre-processed and stored at the patient site. At the point of care (hospital centre), the supervisor health professionals will be able to remotely monitor their patients, personalise their treatment and medication schedules and generate statistical data, so as to study and evaluate the efficacy of medication and drugs on various patient groups.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-ITN | Award Amount: 4.46M | Year: 2012
The present project is based on existing collaborations in different national and international projects, a common research interest toward fluid dynamics applied to industrial problems and existing, although immature, common training programs between the partners. We all partners agree that the current skills of science graduates in the technologies covered by this project are still insufficient. The project also tries to address the shortage of scientists and engineers in Europe in the next future by offering an attractive plan of training and research, with strong colaboration between industry and academia. From a technical point of view, the training is focused on acquiring awareness of new potential technologies, as well as, new capabilities to be implemented within the design process. Intention is to extend the range of simulation available today, both in physics understanding and new technologies coming from the consortium. Direct impact is expected within methods that could support on the complicated analysis of flow separation (by introducing new techniques that provide insight about the stability of a given design), noise generation (early simulation capabilities based on current technologies in use), novel simulation techniques (that will reduce the design loop cost by reduction of resources needed to perform the same simulation), solution quality increase (by improving the mesh generation quality assessment). The complete research and training program for all researchers recruited inside the network is based on the Network-Wide Training approach (training through carrying out individual research projects) and complemented by Internal Network Training (secondments, advanced courses, workshops, open international competitions, training by internet) and Local Specialist Training (specific courses, day to day research). All three dimensions involve research based training and complementary
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.6.6 | Award Amount: 4.70M | Year: 2011
ICT-EMISSIONS aims at developing a novel methodology to evaluate the impact of ICT-related measures on mobility, vehicle energy consumption and CO2 emissions of vehicle fleets at the local scale, in order to promote the wider application of the most appropriate ICT measures. The proposed methodology combines traffic and emission modelling at micro and macro scales. These will be linked with interfaces and submodules which will be specifically designed and developed. A number of sources are available to the consortium to obtain the necessary input data. Also, experimental campaigns are offered to fill in gaps of information in traffic and emission patterns. The application of the methodology will be demonstrated using commercially available software. However, the methodology is developed in such a way as to enable its implementation by a variety of emission and traffic models. Particular emphasis is given to (a) the correct estimation of driver behaviour, as a result of traffic-related ICT measures, (b) the coverage of a large number of current vehicle technologies, including ICT systems, and (c) near future technologies such as hybrid, plug-in hybrids, and electric vehicles. The innovative combination of traffic, driver, and emission models produces a versatile toolbox that can simulate the impact on energy and CO2 of infrastructure measures (traffic management, dynamic traffic signs, etc.), driver assistance systems and ecosolutions (speed/cruise control, start/stop systems, etc.) or a combination of measures (cooperative systems).The methodology will be validated by application in the Turin, Madrid, and Roma areas. The consortium incorporates all required competences to deliver the project objectives, i.e. a balanced mix of experienced traffic simulation/management experts, vehicle energy emission modellers, ICT solution providers, and end users.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2015 | Award Amount: 1.89M | Year: 2016
Forest policy and decision makers are challenged by the need to balance the increasing demand for forest-based services (e.g. recreation, protection, conservation) and wood-based products (e.g. timber, fuelwood) with the foreseen scarcity of supply in different situations as for example disturbances (e.g. wildfires, droughts). Under these circumstances research on the impacts of different disturbances on the supply of services and goods is needed. To achieve these multipurpose forest managements and to integrate risk and uncertainty, New tools and models are needed. Furthermore, these tools and models may help to develop new policies that target the achievement of certain level of services while sustaining a certain level of goods supply. This project will take advantage of the knowledge on these topics in European and American organizations. It will further serve to exchange and generate knowledge on multipurpose forests, addressing risk and uncertainty as well as to strengthen research collaboration through active networking, staff exchange and dissemination activities between the participants.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: WATER-1a-2014 | Award Amount: 4.88M | Year: 2015
The world of irrigation requires innovative solutions, less water and energy dependant. UPM developed in 2013 solutions for large power photovoltaic (PV) pumping systems at TRL5 that was successfully tested in a real Irrigators Community (IC) of Alto Vinalop (Spain). The results showed great technical reliability (solving the problem of the variability of solar energy), matching the IC irrigation needs just with the solar electricity (thanks to sun-tracking systems) and reducing dramatically the cost of energy (60% regarding the conventional grid consumption). In parallel, ELAIA has integrated systems with, in one hand, automatisms and ICT solutions that reduce the water consumption (30%) detecting in real-time the actual needs of the specific crop in a certain moment, and in the other hand, low pressure systems that reduce the energy needs. This project proposes activities to integrate both developments at a TRL9 for the first application and market replication of a new green product at TRL9 consisting of PV pumping systems for productive agriculture irrigation consuming zero conventional electricity and 30% less water. Main objectives: 1 To show the technical and economical viability of efficient and intermittency-free large scale PV pumping systems for irrigation allowing 100% renewable energy consumption 2 To reduce the water consumption, using Automatisms and ICT and Precision Agriculture-based solutions 3 Market uptake and market replication of a new green product for irrigation at TRL9 consuming 100% renewable electricity and 30% less water. The expected impact is, first, the market penetration of this innovative solution through five real scale first market systems (in Spain, Italy, Portugal and Morocco) and other technical, economical and diseemination actions for the market uptake. And second, the generation of a real market of 6GW of large-scale systems meaning a real business of 9000M. MASLOWATEN is the initiative of an AG of EIP Water (PVAIZEC).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: Fission-2007-6.0.02 | Award Amount: 13.96M | Year: 2008
In FP5 and FP6, a number of significant projects have been launched, aimed at investigating innovative strategies for safe and optimised radioactive waste management. In particular P/T strategies based on the use of Accelerator Driven Systems are being addressed within the integrated project EUROTRANS. Moreover, during FP6, projects were also initiated to study advanced systems, as defined in the frame of the Generation-IV: VHTR, GFR, LFR, SFR, SCWR and MSR. Some of these innovative systems (i.e. those based on fast neutron spectra) allow also the deployment of optimised waste minimisation technologies, compatible with sustainability and increased proliferation resistance goals. New issues and challenges related to the development and qualification of structural materials for core and primary components have been recognized as crucial in all these systems to ensure their safe and reliable operation. The objective of the proposed project is to integrate in a comprehensive and common effort within the European materials laboratories the R&D activities needed to select and characterize (in terms of mechanical behaviour, coolant compatibility and particle irradiation effects) structural materials with required properties for advanced nuclear reactor and transmutation systems. Specific items have been identified and selected in order to focus the proposed project on cross-cutting issues, applicable to more than one system, by taking advantage of expertise and experimental facilities operating in the area of both fission and fusion technology programs.