Delft, Netherlands
Delft, Netherlands

Delft University of Technology ft]), also known as TU Delft, is the largest and oldest Dutch public technical university, located in Delft, Netherlands. With eight faculties and numerous research institutes it hosts over 19,000 students , more than 3,300 scientists and more than 2,200 people in the support and management staff.The university was established on January 8, 1842 by King William II of the Netherlands as a Royal Academy, with the main purpose of training civil servants for the Dutch East Indies. The school rapidly expanded its research and education curriculum, becoming first a Polytechnic School in 1864, Institute of Technology in 1905, gaining full university rights, and finally changing its name to Delft University of Technology in 1986.Dutch Nobel laureates Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, and Simon van der Meer have been associated with TU Delft. TU Delft is a member of several university federations including the IDEA League, CESAER, UNITECH, and 3TU. Wikipedia.


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Patent
Technical University of Delft | Date: 2016-12-09

In a prior art reactor set up dense aggregates of microorganisms are formed, typically in or embedded in an extracellular matrix. Such may relate to granules, to sphere like entities having a higher viscosity than water, globules, a biofilm, etc. The dense aggregates comprise extracellular polymeric substances, or biopolymers, in particular linear polysaccharides. The present invention is in the field of extraction of a biopolymer from a granular sludge, a biopolymer obtained by such method, and a use of such method.


Disclosed is an ultrasonic transducer assembly comprising an ultrasonic transducer chip (100) having a main surface comprising a plurality of ultrasound transducer elements (112) and a plurality of first contacts (120) for connecting to said ultrasound transducer elements; a contact chip (400) having a further main surface comprising a plurality of second contacts (420); an backing member (300) comprising ultrasound absorbing and/or scattering bodies (310), said backing member comprising a first surface (302) on which the transducer chip is mounted and a second surface (306) on which the contact chip is mounted; and a flexible interconnect (200) extending over said backing member from the main surface to the further main surface, the flexible interconnect comprising a plurality of conductive tracks (210), each conductive track connecting one of said first contacts to a second contact. An ultrasound probe including such an assembly, an ultrasonic imaging system including such an ultrasound probes and manufacturing methods of such an assembly and probe are also disclosed.


A novel and useful mechanism for the skinning of 3D meshes with reference to a skeleton utilizing statistical weight optimization techniques. The mechanism of the present invention comprises (1) an efficient high quality linear blend skinning (LBS) technique based on a set of skeleton deformations sampled from the manipulation space; (2) a joint placement algorithm to optimize the input skeleton; and (3) a set of tools for a user to interactively control the skinning process. Statistical skinning weight maps are computed using an as-rigid-as-possible (ARAP) optimization. The method operates with a coarsely placed initial skeleton and optimizes joint placements to improve the skeletons alignment. Bones may also be parameterized incorporating twists, bends, stretches and spines. Several easy to use tools add additional constraints to resolve ambiguous situations when needed and interactive feedback is provided to aid users. Quality weight maps are generated for challenging deformations and various data types (e.g., triangle, tetrahedral meshes), including noisy, complex and topologically challenging examples (e.g., missing triangles, open boundaries, self-intersections, or wire edges).


Patent
Technical University of Delft | Date: 2015-02-25

The invention is directed to a method for recovering a lipid or hydrocarbon from a fermentation mixture, comprising the steps ofproviding a fermentation mixture wherein the lipid or hydrocarbon is produced by microbial fermentation in a fermentation vessel, which mixture comprises an aqueous phase and a liquid product phase, wherein the liquid product phase comprises the lipid or hydrocarbon; andfeeding at least part of the aqueous phase and part of the liquid product phase to a second vessel, thereby forming a second mixture; andpromoting phase-separation of the aqueous and product phase by injecting a gas into the second mixture, thereby separating the product phase from the aqueous phase; andcollecting the product phase comprising the lipid or hydrocarbon.


Patent
Technical University of Delft | Date: 2015-07-27

A novel and useful mechanism for the skinning of 3D meshes with reference to a skeleton utilizing statistical weight optimization techniques. The mechanism of the present invention comprises (1) an efficient high quality linear blend skinning (LB S) technique based on a set of skeleton deformations sampled from the manipulation space; (2) a joint placement algorithm to optimize the input skeleton; and (3) a set of tools for a user to interactively control the skinning process. Statistical skinning weight maps are computed using an as-rigid-as-possible (ARAP) optimization. The method operates with a coarsely placed initial skeleton and optimizes joint placements to improve the skeletons alignment. Bones may also be parameterized incorporating twists, bends, stretches and spines. Several easy to use tools add additional constraints to resolve ambiguous situations when needed and interactive feedback is provided to aid users. Quality weight maps are generated for challenging deformations and various data types (e.g., triangle, tetrahedral meshes), including noisy, complex and topologically challenging examples (e.g., missing triangles, open boundaries, self-intersections, or wire edges).


Patent
Technical University of Delft | Date: 2017-01-04

A method of maneuvering a smaller ship which is located alongside a larger ship whereas both ships initially have the same course and the same speed. The smaller ship includes a bow rudder or a Magnus rotor at a bow thereof and is maneuvered away from the larger ship by means of changing the orientation of its bow rudder or activating its Magnus rotor, respectively.


De Boer P.,University of Groningen | Hoogenboom J.P.,Technical University of Delft | Giepmans B.N.G.,University of Groningen
Nature Methods | Year: 2015

Microscopy has gone hand in hand with the study of living systems since van Leeuwenhoek observed living microorganisms and cells in 1674 using his light microscope. A spectrum of dyes and probes now enable the localization of molecules of interest within living cells by fluorescence microscopy. With electron microscopy (EM), cellular ultrastructure has been revealed. Bridging these two modalities, correlated light microscopy and EM (CLEM) opens new avenues. Studies of protein dynamics with fluorescent proteins (FPs), which leave the investigator 'in the dark' concerning cellular context, can be followed by EM examination. Rare events can be preselected at the light microscopy level before EM analysis. Ongoing development - including of dedicated probes, integrated microscopes, large-scale and three-dimensional EM and super-resolution fluorescence microscopy - now paves the way for broad CLEM implementation in biology. © 2015 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.


Huijts N.M.A.,Technical University of Delft | Molin E.J.E.,Technical University of Delft | Steg L.,University of Groningen
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2012

Environmental and societal problems related to energy use have spurred the development of sustainable energy technologies, such as wind mills, carbon capture and storage, and hydrogen vehicles. Public acceptance of these technologies is crucial for their successful introduction into society. Although various studies have investigated technology acceptance, most technology acceptance studies focused on a limited set of factors that can influence public acceptance, and were not based on a comprehensive framework including key factors influencing technology acceptance. This paper puts forward a comprehensive framework of energy technology acceptance, based on a review of psychological theories and on empirical technology acceptance studies. The framework aims to explain the intention to act in favor or against new sustainable energy technologies, which is assumed to be influenced by attitude, social norms, perceived behavioral control, and personal norm. In the framework, attitude is influenced by the perceived costs, risks and benefits, positive and negative feelings in response to the technology, trust, procedural fairness and distributive fairness. Personal norm is influenced by perceived costs, risks and benefits, outcome efficacy and awareness of adverse consequences of not accepting the new technology. The paper concludes with discussing the applicability of the framework. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: GC.SST.2012.2-2. | Award Amount: 16.63M | Year: 2012

The CONVENIENT project targets a 30% reduction of fuel consumption in vehicles for long-distance freight transport by developing an innovative heavy-truck archetype featuring a suite of innovative energy-saving technologies and solutions. From the customer viewpoint, fuel efficiency is top priority because of its significant impact in terms of cost (in the EU, fuel represents about 30% of the Total Operating Costs for a 40-ton tractor-semitrailer combination). Responding to this challenge, the objective of CONVENIENT is to achieve complete vehicle energy management by proposing highly innovative solutions for improved efficiency and enhanced integration of components (currently designed independently) which will be developed, integrated and evaluated directly on validator vehicles, including: innovative energy efficient systems, including hybrid transmission, electrified auxiliaries, dual level cooling, parking HVAC energy harvesting devices, like photovoltaic solar roof for truck and semitrailer; advanced active and passive aerodynamics devices for the truck and for the semitrailer: an Holistic Energy Management system at vehicle level; a Predictive Driver Support to maximize the energy saving benefits. a novel Hybrid Kinetic Energy Recovery System for the semitrailer. The most relevant and novel aspect of CONVENIENT is represented by the holistic approach to on-board energy management, considering the tractor, semi-trailer, driver and the mission as a whole. The CONVENIENT Consortium, which comprises three major EU truck manufacturers, ten Tier 1/2 suppliers, and a network of nine research centres and Universities, representing European excellence in the field of long distance transport R&D, is uniquely well-qualified with respect to the project scope and the highly ambitious target of achieving 30% gains in vehicle efficiency.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: ICT-2013.9.9 | Award Amount: 74.61M | Year: 2013

This Flagship aims to take graphene and related layered materials from a state of raw potential to a point where they can revolutionize multiple industries from flexible, wearable and transparent electronics, to new energy applications and novel functional composites.\nOur main scientific and technological objectives in the different tiers of the value chain are to develop material technologies for ICT and beyond, identify new device concepts enabled by graphene and other layered materials, and integrate them to systems that provide new functionalities and open new application areas.\nThese objectives are supported by operative targets to bring together a large core consortium of European academic and industrial partners and to create a highly effective technology transfer highway, allowing industry to rapidly absorb and exploit new discoveries.\nThe Flagship will be aligned with European and national priorities to guarantee its successful long term operation and maximal impact on the national industrial and research communities.\nTogether, the scientific and technological objectives and operative targets will allow us to reach our societal goals: the Flagship will contribute to sustainable development by introducing new energy efficient and environmentally friendly products based on carbon and other abundant, safe and recyclable natural resources, and boost economic growth in Europe by creating new jobs and investment opportunities.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.5 | Award Amount: 19.59M | Year: 2008

P2P-Next develops an open source, efficient, trusted, personalized, user-centric, and participatory television and media delivery system with social and collaborative connotation using the emerging Peer-to-Peer (P2P) paradigm, which takes into account the existing EU legal framework.\nThe P2P-Next integrated project will build a next generation Peer-to-Peer (P2P) content delivery platform, to be designed, developed, and applied jointly by a consortium consisting of high-profile academic and industrial players.\nThe current infrastructure of the Internet is not suited to simultaneous transmission of live events to millions of people (i.e. broadcasting). With millions of potential users, this will easily congest the Internet. Also, the use of Audiovisual Media is moving from a collective and passive approach to personal active behavior. At the same time use patterns are moving away from the classic model of linear broadcast TV. The TV set no longer has the monopoly of delivery of audiovisual content; the PC and mobile devices are also becoming increasingly important.\nIn such heterogeneous and demanding environments, P2P-based technology is considered an essential ingredient for future efficient and low-cost delivery of professional and user created content. This development will have important consequences for the existing business models and institutions, as well as for content production, content distribution, and end user experience.\nIn response to these challenges, the objective of P2P-Next is to move forward the technical enablers to facilitate new business scenarios for the complete value chain in the content domain, i.e. from a linear unidirectional push mode to a user centric, time and place independent platform paradigm.\nP2P-Next will develop a platform that takes open source development, open standards, and future proof iterative integration as key design principles.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.1.3 | Award Amount: 13.41M | Year: 2011

The iCore initiative addresses two key issues in the context of the Internet of Things (IoT), namely: (a) how to abstract the technological heterogeneity that derives from the vast amounts of heterogeneous objects, while enhancing context-awareness, reliability and energy-efficiency. (b) to consider the views of different users/stakeholders (owners of objects & communication means) for ensuring proper application provision, business integrity and, therefore, maximize exploitation opportunities.The iCore proposed solution is a cognitive framework comprising three levels of functionality, reusable for various and diverse applications. The levels under consideration are: i) virtual objects (VOs), ii) composite virtual objects (CVOs), and iii) functional blocks for representing the user/stakeholder perspectives.VOs are cognitive virtual representations of real-world objects (e.g., sensors, devices, etc.) that allow resolving the underlying technological heterogeneity. CVOs, on the other hand, use the services associated with VOs. In other words, CVOs are cognitive mash-ups of semantically interoperable VOs, delivering services in accordance with the user/stakeholder requirements. In each level there are scalable fabrics, offering mechanisms for the registration, look-up and discovery, and the composition of services. Through these features the cognitive framework constitutes an open networked architecture encompassing highly intelligent (i.e., adaptive, etc.) software.The iCore solution will be attributed with essential security protocols/functionality, which span all levels of the framework, and consider the ownership and privacy of data, as well as the actual access to objects.The validation of the proposed solution will be carried out by considering relevant Future Internet application areas enabled by the IoT. In particular, the use cases addressed by iCore are the following: ambient assisted living, smart office, smart transportation, and supply chain management.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: SGA-RIA | Phase: FETFLAGSHIP | Award Amount: 89.00M | Year: 2016

This project is the second in the series of EC-financed parts of the Graphene Flagship. The Graphene Flagship is a 10 year research and innovation endeavour with a total project cost of 1,000,000,000 euros, funded jointly by the European Commission and member states and associated countries. The first part of the Flagship was a 30-month Collaborative Project, Coordination and Support Action (CP-CSA) under the 7th framework program (2013-2016), while this and the following parts are implemented as Core Projects under the Horizon 2020 framework. The mission of the Graphene Flagship is to take graphene and related layered materials from a state of raw potential to a point where they can revolutionise multiple industries. This will bring a new dimension to future technology a faster, thinner, stronger, flexible, and broadband revolution. Our program will put Europe firmly at the heart of the process, with a manifold return on the EU investment, both in terms of technological innovation and economic growth. To realise this vision, we have brought together a larger European consortium with about 150 partners in 23 countries. The partners represent academia, research institutes and industries, which work closely together in 15 technical work packages and five supporting work packages covering the entire value chain from materials to components and systems. As time progresses, the centre of gravity of the Flagship moves towards applications, which is reflected in the increasing importance of the higher - system - levels of the value chain. In this first core project the main focus is on components and initial system level tasks. The first core project is divided into 4 divisions, which in turn comprise 3 to 5 work packages on related topics. A fifth, external division acts as a link to the parts of the Flagship that are funded by the member states and associated countries, or by other funding sources. This creates a collaborative framework for the entire Flagship.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-EID | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-EID | Award Amount: 3.86M | Year: 2016

The target of this project is to prepare and train future engineers for the design challenges and opportunities provided by modern optics technology. Such challenges include lossless photon management, modelling at the system, components and feature level, and the link between design and technology. Today all optical designs are often perceived following different approaches, namely geometrical optics, physical optics and nano-photonics. Traditionally these approaches are linked to the different lengths-scale that are important to the system. Starting from the entire system that is macroscopic and uses geometrical optics, over the miniaturized unit that is based on micro-optics and needs physical optics design, down to the active nano-photonics entity that allows steering light truly at the nano-scale but which requires to be designed with rigorous methods that provide full wave solutions to the governing Maxwells equations. A design for manufacture of next generation optical applications necessarily requires to bridge the gap between the different length scales and to consider the design at a holistic level. At the core are optical simulation models developed and used in the academic research and the one used for optical designs in industry. Up to now, only the academic partners apply an integral approach to include micro- and nano-photonics in their simulations. Together with the industrial partners projects will be launched to promote the academic developments in optical design and simulation over different length scales towards the industry. The industry will use the know-how to consolidate their expertise, expand their businesses, and occupy new fields of activities. For each research subject, may it be nano-photonics, micro-optics or system engineering, a channel can be provided to access particular knowledge and/or stimulate collaborations.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 3.95M | Year: 2015

TERRE aims to develop novel geo-technologies to address the competitiveness challenge of the European construction industry in a low carbon agenda. It will be delivered through an inter-sectoral and intra-European coordinated PhD programme focused on carbon-efficient design of geotechnical infrastructure. Industry and Research in the construction sector have been investing significantly in recent years to produce innovative low-carbon technologies. However, little innovation has been created in the geo-infrastructure industry, which is lagging behind other construction industry sectors. TERRE aims to close this gap through a network-wide training programme carried out by a close collaboration of eleven Universities and Research Centres and three SMEs. It is structured to provide a balanced combination of fundamental and applied research and will eventually develop operational tools such as software for low-carbon geotechnical design and a Decision Support System for infrastructure project appraisal. The research fellows will be involved in inter-sectoral and intra-European projects via enrolment in 8 Joint-Awards and 7 Industrial PhDs. The research fellows will be trained in low-carbon design by developing novel design concepts including eco-reinforced geomaterials, engineered vegetation, engineered soil-atmosphere interfaces, biofilms, shallow geothermal energy and soil carbon sequestration. Distinctive features of TERRE are the supervision by an inter-sectoral team and the orientation of the research towards technological applications. Training at the Network level includes the development of entrepreneurial skills via a special programme on Pathways to Research Enterprise to support the research fellows in establishing and leading spin-out companies after the end of the project.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: PHC-26-2014 | Award Amount: 4.52M | Year: 2015

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) portraits a high need and challenge for self-management by young patients: a complex illness with a high and increasing prevalence, a regimen that needs adaptation to patients condition and activities, and serious risks for complications and reduced life expectations. When patients do not acquire the knowledge, skills and habits to adhere to their diabetes regimen at childhood, these risks increase suddenly at adolescence. Current mHealth applications have their own specific value for self-management, but are unable to deliver the required comprehensive, prolonged, personalised and context-sensitive support and to reduce these risks persistently. We aim at a Personal Assistant for healthy Lifestyle (PAL) that provides such support, assisting the child, health professional and parent to advance the self-management of children with type 1 diabetes aged 7 - 14, so that an adequate shared patient-caregiver responsibility for childs diabetes regimen is established before adolescence. The PAL system is composed of a social robot, its (mobile) avatar, and an extendable set of (mobile) health applications (diabetes diary, educational quizzes, sorting games, etc.), which all connect to a common knowledge-base and reasoning mechanism. The robot and avatar act as a childs pal or companion, whereas health professionals and parents are supported by, respectively, an Authoring & Control and a Monitor & Inform tool. The PAL-project will assess the benefits of the behavioural change on patients health conditions, and the profits for the caregivers in longitudinal field experiments. The consortium provides the required network, expertise and tools for this research: (a) a knowledge-driven co-design methodology and tool, (b) medical, human factors and technical expertise, (c) end-user participation and (d) initial PAL building-blocks.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: DRS-09-2015 | Award Amount: 8.81M | Year: 2016

Recent studies from the IPCC indicate that Europe is particularly prone to increased risks of river and coastal floods, droughts resulting in water restrictions and damages from extreme weather such as heat events and wildfires. Evaluations also show a huge potential to reduce these risks with novel adaptation strategies. Researchers, innovators and incubators develop innovative products and services to reduce the increased climate change risks. Many of these innovations however hardly arrive at the markets. BRIGAID BRIdges the GAp for Innovations in Disaster resilience. BRIGAIDs approach is supported by three pillars. (1) At first BRIGAID takes into account the geographical variability of climate-related hazards and their interaction with socio-economic changes, (2) BRIGAID establishes structural, on-going support for innovations that are ready for validation in field tests and real life demonstrations and (3) BRIGAID develops a framework that enables an independent, scientific judgement of the socio-technological effectiveness of an innovation. BRIGAIDs objective is ambitious but achievable with strong consortium partners in EU, two Associated Countries and support from Overseas Territories. BRIGAID (a) brings actively together innovators and end-users in Communities of Innovation, resulting in increased opportunities for market-uptake; (b) contributes to the development of a technological and performance standards for adaptation options by providing a Test and Implementation Framework (TIF) and test facilities throughout Europe; (c) Improves innovation capacity and the integration of new knowledge by establishing an innovators network and (d) strengthens the competitiveness and growth of companies with the support of a dedicated business team. Finally BRIGAID develops a business models and market outreach to launch innovations to the market and secure investments in innovations beyond BRIGAIDs lifetime.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.3.4 | Award Amount: 5.58M | Year: 2008

Due to technology limitations, the domain of high-performance processors is experiencing a radical shift towards parallelism through on-chip multi-cores and chip customization leading to heterogeneous multi-core systems. Furthermore, the commodity market, the supercomputing market and the embedded market are increasingly sharing the same challenges, leading to convergence of the three markets.\n\nThe main challenges for the future high-performance embedded systems have been documented in the HiPEAC roadmap (http://www.HiPEAC.net/roadmap), which forms the basis of the HiPEAC strategic research agenda. \n\nThe goal of the HiPEAC Network of Excellence is (i) to join forces in Europe to collectively work on the HiPEAC strategic research agenda, (ii) to realize European excellence in computing architectures, system software and platforms to enable the development of new applications, and (iii) to allow European companies to achieve world-leading positions in computing solutions and products.\n\nIn order to reach that goal, HiPEAC (a) will stimulate mobility between partners (internships, sabbaticals, research visits, cluster meeting), (b) will coordinate and steer research in 9 research clusters: (i) Multi-core architecture, (ii) Programming models and operating systems, (iii) Adaptive compilation, (iv) Interconnects, (v) Reconfigurable computing, (vi) Design methodology and tools, (vii) Binary translation and virtualization, (viii) Simulation platform, (ix) Compilation platform, and (c) will spread excellence by running the HiPEAC conference, the ACACES summer school, the HiPEAC journal, a newsletter, a website, seminars, technical reports, workshops, and awards.\n\nThis program of activities will lead to the permanent creation of a solid and integrated virtual centre of excellence consisting of several highly visible departments, and this virtual centre of excellence will have the necessary critical mass to really make a difference for the future of computing systems i


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.6 | Award Amount: 3.55M | Year: 2010

Design complexity and power density implications stopped the trend towards faster single-core processors. The current trend is to double the core count every 18 months, leading to chips with 100\ cores in 10-15 years. Developing parallel applications to harness such multicores is the key challenge for scalable computing systems. The ENCORE project aims at achieving a breakthrough on the usability, reliability, code portability, and performance scalability of such multicores.\nThe project achieves this through three main contributions. First, defining an easy to use parallel programming model that offers code portability across several architectures. Second, developing a runtime management system that will dynamically detect, manage, and exploit parallelism, data locality, and shared resources. And third, providing adequate hardware support for the parallel programming and runtime environment that ensures scalability, performance, and cost-efficiency.\nThe technology will be developed and evaluated using multiple applications, provided by the partners, or industry-standard benchmarks, ranging from massively parallel high-performance computing codes, where performance and efficiency are paramount, to embedded parallel workloads with strong real-time and energy constraints.\nThe project integrates all partners under a common runtime system running on real multicore platforms, a shared FPGA architecture prototype, and a large-scale software simulated architecture. Architecture features will be validated through implementation on ARMs detailed development infrastructure.\nENCORE takes a holistic approach to parallelization and programmability by analyzing the requirements of several relevant applications ranging from High Performance Computing to embedded multicore, by parallelizing these applications using the proposed programming model, by optimizing the runtime system for a range of parallel architectures, and by developing hardware support for the runtime system.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SEC-2010.3.2-1 | Award Amount: 14.72M | Year: 2011

The challenges facing international intermodal container logistics is efficiency and security. These seemingly conflicting issues have a common solution: supply chain visibility, where data for visibility can be shared between business and government. Since technical solutions already exist, the challenge lies in integrating solutions across the supply chain. CASSANDRA will: Facilitate the adoption of a risk based approach in the supply chain, on the basis of integral monitoring data on cargo flows and container integrity, Build interfaces between existing visibility solutions, and visualisation tools, in an open rchitecture, Demonstrate the integration of data and risk assessment in supply chains in three major trading routes to and from Europe Evaluate the quality of the integral data with business and government. Facilitate a dialogue between business and government to gain consensus on the criteria for data sharing between business and government. The project participants cover all relevant stakeholders, including some global players. This expertise will guarantee the successful adoption of the CASSANDRA solutions. The value drivers in CASSANDRA will include: Logistics efficiency benefits Security benefits for business as a result of the risk self assessment Security benefits for government as a result of the high quality and complete data for government risk analysis. CASSANDRA will contribute to the priorities of DG TAXUD, will facilitate security and crime-fighting priorities of DG Enterprise and DG Justice, Liberty and Security, and enables priorities in the DG TREN Freight Logistics Action Plan, and builds on previous work in standardisation bodies. The development of integral supply chain data that is the basis for risk based supply chain management and the input for government supervision tasks, as envisaged in CASSANDRA, will set a new standard for global door-to-door goods flows to and from Europe: efficient & secure!


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IAPP | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-IAPP-2008 | Award Amount: 596.20K | Year: 2009

This project aims to develop innovative positioning and integrity algorithms for demanding applications. SIGMA will investigate and implement different positioning techniques based on satellite navigation, mainly focusing on the integration of signals from two different satellites systems: GPS and Galileo. Galileo, the most important technological project initiated by Europe, is expected to be ready by 2013. SIGMA will benefit from the opportunities that a multiconstellation environment offers for the evolution of high accuracy and high-integrity demanding applications. The different expertises of the participants will be exploited through joint research teams creating the ideal environment for innovation. Pildo Labs will provide is expertise on GNSS application for aviation and the requirements for this kind of systems in terms of navigation performance. Septentrio will provide its expertise on optimising GNSS algorithms for use in commercial products with limitation on memory and processor capabilities, and defining the requirements for high-accuracy demanding applications. TU Delft will support both companies with its expertise on precise positioning and advanced RAIM techniques, while CTAE will support the project through deep analysis on multipath and interference effects.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.9 | Award Amount: 3.75M | Year: 2010

Actuators based on electroactive polymer (EAP) hydrogels constitute a very attractive yet poorly explored technology. EAP hydrogels can expand and contract by several times their original volume by application of a small voltage. They can be engineered to be either porous or non-porous and the pore density and distribution can also be controlled. Their inherent limitations of very low actuation speed and need to operate in an aqueous medium constitute no impediment and in fact make them particularly suitable to a host of medical applications, some of them with high economic and societal relevance.\n\nThe Heart-e-Gel project utilises a microsystem concept based on electrode activation to change the volume of EAP hydrogels designed for operation in the cardiovascular system. Given the soft and aqueous nature of these gels and considering the need to accommodate for large volume changes, integrating these materials into complete microsystems poses unique challenges in terms of heterogeneous integration.\n\nHeart-e-Gel proposes to target specific medical applications and will require modelling of the microsystem-medical interface as well as assessing the potential of different material, actuation, volume sensing, and system delivery options. Three types of systems of immediate interest in cardiovascular surgery have been selected: a generic occluder for vascular repair, a system for improving endografts/stents for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms, and an adaptable band around the pulmonary artery for patients with congenital heart diseases, or with arteriovenous fistulas.\n\nWhile carrying out the systematic study of EAP hydrogel integration into microsystems, substantial information on processing and characterisation will be gathered and will ultimately lead to a technology library that can enable microsystem designers to address an even wider range of applications.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: PEOPLE-2007-1-1-ITN | Award Amount: 3.58M | Year: 2008

The proposed action builds strongly up on the logics of its predecessor with the same name. The overall objective is to create a pool of specialised wave energy research professionals to support an emerging industry in a field with a very strong anticipated growth and no dedicated existing training curriculum. Although most jobs can be done being a trained engineer in one of the adjacent fields, the existance of interdisciplinary skilled researchers trained in direct connection to the technology development is vital for successful development. In the predecessor, almost all fellows where immediatley absorbed by industrial players in the field or continued research in the host institution. The work plan for WAVETRAIN 2 fellows is specifically directed towards a wide range of challenges that industrial-scale wave energy implementation faces in the present situation, with some bias towards technical issues, from hydrodynamic and PTO (Power-Take-Off) design, to instrumentation issues and energy storage and cost reduction show to be critical for successful deployment. On the other hand, also non-technical barriers, typically less tangible difficulties related to legal issues (licensing, conflicts of use, EIA procedures, grid connection, regional differences) and the non-sufficient representation of socio-economic benefits of the sector, will be dealt with, as they are seen as a major obstacel for fast implementation on a European scale. The methodology to achieve the desired results is to provide (i) in-depth training in one applied research topic (host institution), (ii) good interdisciplinary background and understanding of industry environment (short courses and secondments), and (iii) active participation in wave power plant testing in the sea (some of the profiles; others: site visits). The in-depth training at the host institution will be incorporated in relevant research topics, where typically an advance the state-of-the-art is expected.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: WATER-1a-2014 | Award Amount: 4.25M | Year: 2015

The main objective of MOSES is to put in place and demonstrate at the real scale of application an information platform devoted to water procurement and management agencies (e.g. reclamation consortia, irrigation districts, etc.) to facilitate planning of irrigation water resources, with the aim of: saving water; improving services to farmers; reducing monetary and energy costs. To achieve these goals, the MOSES project combines in an innovative and integrated platform a wide range of data and technological resources: EO data, probabilistic seasonal forecasting and numerical weather prediction, crop water requirement and irrigation modelling and online GIS Decision Support System. Spatial scales of services range from river basin to sub-district; users access the system depending on their expertise and needs. Main system components are: 1. early-season irrigated crop mapping 2. seasonal weather forecasting and downscaling 3. in-season monitoring of evapotranspiration and water availability 4. seasonal and medium/short term irrigation forecasting Four Demonstration Areas will be set up in Italy, Spain, Romania and Morocco, plus an Indian organization acting as observer. Different water procurement and distribution scenarios will be considered, collecting data and user needs, interfacing with existing local services and contributing to service definition. Demonstrative and training sessions are foreseen for service exploitation in the Demonstration Areas. The proposed system is targeting EIP on Water thematic priorities related to increasing agriculture water use efficiency, water resource monitoring and flood and drought risk management; it will be compliant to INSPIRE. This SME-led project address to the irrigated agriculture users an integrated and innovative water management solution.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRAIA-1-2014-2015 | Award Amount: 5.92M | Year: 2015

One of the most pressing and fascinating challenges scientists face today, is understanding the complexity of our globally interconnected society. The big data arising from the digital breadcrumbs of human activities promise to let us scrutinize the ground truth of individual and collective behaviour at an unprecedented detail and scale. There is an urgent need to harness these opportunities for scientific advancement and for the social good. The main obstacle to this accomplishment, besides the scarcity of data scientists, is the lack of a large-scale open infrastructure, where big data and social mining research can be carried out. To this end, SoBigData proposes to create the Social Mining & Big Data Ecosystem: a research infrastructure (RI) providing an integrated ecosystem for ethic-sensitive scientific discoveries and advanced applications of social data mining on the various dimensions of social life, as recorded by big data. Building on several established national infrastructures, SoBigData will open up new research avenues in multiple research fields, including mathematics, ICT, and human, social and economic sciences, by enabling easy comparison, re-use and integration of state-of-the-art big social data, methods, and services, into new research. It will not only strengthen the existing clusters of excellence in social data mining research, but also create a pan-European, inter-disciplinary community of social data scientists, fostered by extensive training, networking, and innovation activities. In addition, as an open research infrastucture, SoBigData will promote repeatable and open science. Although SoBigData is primarily aimed at serving the needs of researchers, the openly available datasets and open source methods and services provided by the new research infrastructure will also impact industrial and other stakeholders (e.g. government bodies, non-profit organisations, funders, policy makers).


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.8.5 | Award Amount: 3.67M | Year: 2009

The goal of the EVRYON project is to develop a novel approach for the design of Wearable Robots (WRs) that can be used for such applications as rehabilitation, assistance, human augmentation and more. Such systems should aim at the optimal trade-off between performance, i.e. the level of assistance to be provided to the user, and some critical requirements, such as minimal weight and encumbrance, low energy consumption and several other factors that can impact the effectiveness of WRs. Under this regard, better WRs can be developed if embodied intelligence, and particularly structural intelligence, are properly exploited.\nTo this aim, EVRYON will develop an open-ended design process where both robot morphology and control are co-evolved and optimized in a simulation environment, where also the dynamical properties of the human body are taken into account.\nThe EVRYON design methodology will originate advanced tools for assisted mechatronic design, that will be validated by developing an active orthosis for the lower limbs. The orthosis will include a novel hip module for improved ergonomics and a distributed sensory apparatus that will also monitor the motions of the upper body for an improved user intention detection.\nThe EVRYON WR will integrate kinematic, dynamic and control solutions produced by the co-evolutionary optimization process. Custom variable impedance modules will allow the tuning of the dynamical properties of the robot so that walking will arise as an emerging dynamic behaviour.\nThe WR prototype will be tested on a group of elderly subjects with age-related motor decay so to assess its acceptability and its ability to restore proper walking and increase personal autonomy.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRADEV-3-2015 | Award Amount: 19.94M | Year: 2015

The science of materials has always been at the centre of scientific and technological progress in human development. The tools to understand materials that fashion them to meet our societal needs have been just as important. Thermal neutrons are one of the most powerful probes that look directly at the structure and dynamics of materials from the macro- to the microscopic scale and from nano-seconds to seconds. It is therefore natural that a group of 17 European Partner Countries have joined together to construct the worlds most powerful neutron source, the European Spallation Source (ESS). The importance of ESS has been recognised by ESFRI who have prioritised it as one of three Research Infrastructures (RIs) for this INFRADEV-3 call. However, simply constructing the most powerful spallation neutron source will not, by itself, ensure the maximum scientific or technological impact. What is needed is an integrated program that ensures that key challenges are met in order to build an ESS that can deliver high impact scientific and technological knowledge. With a timeline of 36 months, involving 18 Consortium Partners and a budget of 19.941.964, the BrightnESS proposal will ensure that (A) the extensive knowledge and skills of European companies, and institutes, are best deployed in the form of In-Kind Contributions to ESS for its construction and operation, (B) that technology transfer both to, and from, the ESS to European institutions and companies is optimised and, (C) that the maximum technical performance is obtained from the ESS target, moderators and detectors in order to deliver world class science and insights for materials technology and innovation.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: ECSEL-IA | Phase: ECSEL-02-2014 | Award Amount: 48.05M | Year: 2015

The goal of the InForMed project is to establish an integrated pilot line for medical devices. The pilot line includes micro-fabrication, assembly and even the fabrication of smart catheters. The heart of this chain is the micro-fabrication and assembly facility of Philips Innovation Services, which will be qualified for small/medium-scale production of medical devices. The pilot facility will be open to other users for pilot production and product validation. It is the aim of the pilot line: to safeguard and consolidate Europes strong position in traditional medical diagnostic equipment, to enable emerging markets - especially in smart minimally invasive instruments and point-of-care diagnostic equipment - and to stimulate the development of entirely new markets, by providing an industrial micro-fabrication and assembly facility where new materials can be processed and assembled. The pilot line will be integrated in a complete innovation value chain from technology concept to high-volume production and system qualification. Protocols will be developed to ensure an efficient technology transfer between the different links in the value chain. Six challenging demonstrators products will be realized that address societal challenges in: Hospital and Heuristic Care and Home care and well-being, and demonstrate the trend towards Smart Health solutions.


Human life and the entire ecosystem of South East Asia depend upon the monsoon climate and its predictability. More than 40% of the earths population lives in this region. Droughts and floods associated with the variability of rainfall frequently cause serious damage to ecosystems in these regions and, more importantly, injury and loss of human life. The headwater areas of seven major rivers in SE Asia, i.e. Yellow River, Yangtze, Mekong, Salween, Irrawaddy, Brahmaputra and Ganges, are located in the Tibetan Plateau. Estimates of the Plateau water balance rely on sparse and scarce observations that cannot provide the required accuracy, spatial density and temporal frequency. Fully integrated use of satellite and ground observations is necessary to support water resources management in SE Asia and to clarify the roles of the interactions between the land surface and the atmosphere over the Tibetan Plateau in the Asian monsoon system. The goal of this project is to: 1. Construct out of existing ground measurements and current / future satellites an observing system to determine and monitor the water yield of the Plateau, i.e. how much water is finally going into the seven major rivers of SE Asia; this requires estimating snowfall, rainfall, evapotranspiration and changes in soil moisture; 2. Monitor the evolution of snow, vegetation cover, surface wetness and surface fluxes and analyze the linkage with convective activity, (extreme) precipitation events and the Asian Monsoon; this aims at using monitoring of snow, vegetation and surface fluxes as a precursor of intense precipitation towards improving forecasts of (extreme) precipitations in SE Asia. A series of international efforts initiated in 1996 with the GAME-Tibet project. The effort described in this proposal builds upon 10 years of experimental and modeling research and the consortium includes many key-players and pioneers of this long term research initiative.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.9.7 | Award Amount: 3.42M | Year: 2012

Many real world systems possess a rich multi-level structure and exhibit complex dynamics that are the result of a web of interwoven interactions among elements with autonomous decision-making capabilities. CONGAS will develop new mathematical models and tools, rooted in game theory, for the analysis, prediction and control of dynamical processes in such complex systems.CONGAS will provide a coherent theoretical framework for understanding the emergence of structure and patterns in complex systems, accounting for interactions spanning various scales in time and space, and acting at different structural and aggregation levels. This framework will be built around game theoretical concepts, in particular evolutionary and multi-resolution games, and will include also techniques drawn from graph theory, statistical mechanics, control and optimization theory. Specific attention will be devoted to systems that are prone to intermittency and catastrophic events due to the effect of collective dynamics.The theory developed in the project will be validated by considering three use cases, one on the growth of the Internet, one on business ecosystems and one on viral marketing dynamics in Internet marketplaces.The CONGAS Consortium comprises seven universities and research institution and includes leading scientists in game theory, evolutionary games, complex systems science, network science and data-driven analysis of socio-technical systems.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.1.4 | Award Amount: 13.48M | Year: 2012

Information security threats to organisations have changed completely over the last decade, due to the complexity and dynamic nature of infrastructures and attacks. Successful attacks cost society billions a year, impacting vital services and the economy. Examples include StuxNet, using infected USB sticks to sabotage nuclear plants, and the DigiNotar attack, using fake digital certificates to spy on website traffic. New attacks cleverly exploit multiple organisational vulnerabilities, involving physical security and human behaviour. Defenders need to make rapid decisions regarding which attacks to block, as both infrastructure and attacker knowledge change rapidly.\n\nCurrent risk management methods provide descriptive tools for assessing threats by systematic brainstorming. Attack opportunities will be identified and prevented only if people can conceive them. In todays dynamic attack landscape, this process is too slow and exceeds the limits of human imaginative capability. Emerging security risks demand tool support to predict, prioritise, and prevent complex attacks systematically. The TREsPASS project will make this possible, by building an attack navigator. This navigator makes it possible to say which attack opportunities are possible, which of them are the most urgent, and which countermeasures are most effective. To this end, the project combines knowledge from technical sciences (how vulnerable are protocols and software), social sciences (how likely are people to succumb to social engineering), and state-of-the-art industry processes and tools.\n\nBy integrating European expertise on socio-technical security into a widely applicable and standardised framework, TREsPASS will reduce security incidents in Europe, and allow organisations and their customers to make informed decisions about security investments. This increased resilience of European businesses both large and small is vital to safeguarding the social and economic prospects of Europe.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.8.4 | Award Amount: 6.93M | Year: 2009

Using a complexity perspective, QLectives will understand, experiment with, design and build cooperative socially intelligent ICT systems composed of self-organising peers, that will enable and support emergent quality collectives to enhance, for instance, scientific innovation and decentralized media distribution. We shall bring together complex system scientists, social scientists and distributed systems engineers to produce new theories and algorithms. Our method will be that of empirical experimentation using living labs involving thousands of people connected over the internet into collectives. The project will generate better theoretical understanding of complex techno-social systems, and how trust and reputation may emerge among a community and used to enhance quality. The work is organised into 4 synergistic streams: 1. Theoretical and algorithmic foundations, 2. Algorithm design, simulation and evaluation, 3. Empirical data-sets collection, processing and validation, 4. Platform and living lab implementation. As a basis we shall extend an already deployed, mature P2P technology platform and make use of two existing user communities: the econophysics forum and tribler.org. Our results will be applied to create two examples of how ICT moulds and becomes part of the systems to which it is applied: QScience - a peer-to-peer application for facilitating scientific innovation by supporting scientific communities, rating activities for quality to identify potential collaborators, hot spots and breakthroughs, and disseminating the right information to the right peers promptly; and QMedia - a peer-to-peer application for transforming media distribution by dynamically identifying shared interest communities and recommending quality contents to them using streaming media technology. We anticipate an impact on all fields in which collective quality-ratings of contents and raters can counter an otherwise unsustainable growth in the digital information age.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.4.3 | Award Amount: 10.33M | Year: 2010

The goal of SMART VORTEX is to provide a technological infrastructure consisting of a comprehensive suite of interoperable tools, services, and methods for intelligent management and analysis of massive data streams to achieve better collaboration and decision making in large-scale collaborative projects concerning industrial innovation engineering.\n\nSMART VORTEX captures the tractable product data streams in the product lifecycle of design and engineering. In each phase of this lifecycle, different streams of product data are generated. Amongst other, these product data streams contain streams from sensors (data rates of Gigabytes per second), simulation, experimental, and testing data (millions of complex data sets), design data (complex and exchanged between different domains), multi-media collaboration data (heterogeneous, and high information density), and higher level inferred events generated by analyses. These data streams are produced and consumed in all phases of the product lifecycle. The large volume of data in these streams makes the detection of pertinent information a hard problem for both technological infrastructures and humans. SMART VORTEX uses a Data Stream Management for managing, searching, annotating, analysing and performing feature extraction on these data streams.\n\nWithin the lifecycle of design and engineering projects a large number of people need to collaborate in order to achieve the individual project goals, such as bringing the next generation flat panel TV to the market before the competition does, identifying opportunities for improvements of existing products, or the maintenance of products in use. These projects are basically large distributed collaborative processes, where people from different domains of expertise and different organizations have to work together. SMART VORTEX supports these people, systems, and products with collaborative tools and decision support systems managing the constantly produced massive product data streams. SMART VORTEX ensures the efficiency and success of the collaboration by delivering the pertinent information at the right moment.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST-2007-1.1-05 | Award Amount: 27.48M | Year: 2008

The project HERCULES-B is the Phase II of the HERCULES programme, conceived in 2002 as a 7-year strategic R&D Plan, to develop the future generation of optimally efficient and clean marine diesel powerplants. The project is the outcome of a joint vision by the two major European engine manufacturer Groups, MAN Diesel and WARTSILA, which together hold 90% of the worlds marine engine market. The research objectives in HERCULES-B focus on the drastic reduction of CO2 emissions from maritime transport, considering the existing and foreseen composition of the world fleet and fuel infrastructure. The principal aim in HERCULES-B is to reduce fuel consumption of marine diesel engines by 10%, to improve efficiency of marine diesel propulsion systems to a level of more than 60%, and thus reduce CO2 emissions substantially. An additional concurrent aim is towards ultra low exhaust emissions (70% Reduction of NOx, 50% Reduction of Particulates) from marine engines by the year 2020. Today diesel propulsion systems power 99% of the world fleet. HERCULES-B targets the development of engines with extreme operational pressure and temperature parameters, considering the thermo-fluid-dynamic and structural design issues, including friction and wear as well as combustion, air charging, electronics and control, so as to achieve the efficiency / CO2 target. To achieve the emissions target, combustion and advanced aftertreatment methods will be concurrently developed. To improve the whole powertrain, the interaction of engine with the ship, as well as the use of combined cycles in overall system optimization, will be considered. The project HERCULES-B structure of work comprises 54 subprojects, grouped into 13 Tasks and 7 Workpackages, spanning the complete spectrum of marine diesel engine technology. The project HERCULES-B has a total budget of 27M, a duration of 40 months and a Consortium with 32 participants.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2009.4.2 | Award Amount: 7.59M | Year: 2010

The GaLA motivation stems from the acknowledgment of the potentiality of Serious Games (SGs) for education and training and the need to address the challenges of the main stakeholders of the SGs European landscape (users, researchers, developers/industry, educators). A foundational fault issue in this context is the fragmentation that affects the SG landscape.\nGALA aims to shape the scientific community and build a European Virtual Research Centre (VRC) aimed at gathering, integrating, harmonizing and coordinating research on SGs and disseminating knowledge, best practices and tools as a reference point at an international level. The other two key focuses of the project are (1) the support to deployment in the actual educational and training settings and (2) the fostering of innovation and knowledge transfer through research-business dialogue.\nThe NoE organizations aim to integrate their activities and resources in a long-term view structuring the activities along 3 major axes:\n\n\tResearch integration and harmonization.\no\tStrong integration among leading researchers, users and business;\no\tStrong concern on the current standards of education, in order to favour a real uptake and scaling of the educational games initiatives.\no\tAddress sustainability.\n\n\tJoint research activities.\no\tIdentify key issues and address them through multidisciplinary teams (putting always the users learners and teachers - and stakeholders in the centre of the focus) that will be iteratively explored;\no\tPromote Research and Development team forces organized in thematic areas - that will do focused research (e.g. joint PhD and MSc projects on hot SG research projects, joint project proposals) and continuously inform the project about the latest developments in technology and education;\n\n\n\tSpreading of excellence.\no\tDissemination of the NoE achievements as a flagship EU initiative in the TEL area\no\tStrong coordination with EU TEL activities, offering a specialized focus and expertise on SGs.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.23M | Year: 2015

Demand for highly trained scientists with a deep understanding of wave propagation in complex media, and capable of exploiting this knowledge to develop imaging tools for seismology and acoustics, is very high in the Earth and environmental sciences. Wave-based imaging serves to map spatial and temporal variations in the structure of the Earths interior, of the oceans and atmosphere; it is used to monitor faults and volcanoes and detect natural-resource reservoirs. It is relevant to other disciplines, medical imaging being one of its most widespread applications. Todays Earth scientists are faced with a set of questions that require the application of wave-based imaging at unprecedented resolution. WAVES aims at fostering scientific and technological advances in this context, stimulating knowledge exchange between seismologists and acousticians, and researchers in the public/private domains. A unique strength of our network resides in the participation of novel physical acoustics laboratories, managed by beneficiaries/partners of WAVES, with a strong record of experimental research on inter-disciplinary and seismology-related topics. WAVES will train young scientists working in academia or industry in how to use this resource effectively, re-introducing the laboratory into the ideas-to-applications pipeline. Experimental work will serve to develop new theory, addressing topics of current interest such as acoustic time-reversal, scattering-based imaging. A truly multidisciplinary network, WAVES will apply these new ideas in a number of contexts: medical elastography is used as a tool to implement novel analogue models of seismic faults; wave sources are localized by a bio-inspired system making use of very few receivers, etc. Through WAVES, a critical mass of expertise will consolidate, defining the study of acoustic/elastic wave propagation and wave-based imaging/monitoring as an independent discipline, rich in applications of intellectual and societal relevance.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC5-11a-2014 | Award Amount: 6.57M | Year: 2015

The overall aim of Real-Time-Mining is to develop a real-time framework to decrease environmental impact and increase resource efficiency in the European raw material extraction industry. The key concept of the proposed research promotes the change in paradigm from discontinuous intermittent process monitoring to a continuous process and quality management system in highly selective mining operations. Real-Time Mining will develop a real-time process-feedback control loop linking online data acquired during extraction at the mining face rapidly with an sequentially up-datable resource model associated with real-time optimization of long-term planning, short-term sequencing and production control decisions. The project will include research and demonstration activities integrating automated sensor based material characterization, online machine performance measurements, underground navigation and positioning, underground mining system simulation and optimization of planning decisions, state-of-the art updating techniques for resource/reserve models. The impact of the project is expected on the environment through a reduction in CO2-emissions, increased energy efficiency and production of zero waste by maximizing process efficiency and resource utilization. Currently economically marginal deposits or difficult to access deposits will be become industrial viable. This will result in a sustainable increase in the competitiveness of the European raw material extraction through a reduced dependency on raw materials from non-EU sources.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-06-2015 | Award Amount: 17.86M | Year: 2016

By 2020, several areas of the HVAC pan-European transmission system will be operated with extremely high penetrations of Power Electronics(PE)-interfaced generators, thus becoming the only generating units for some periods of the day or of the year due to renewable (wind, solar) electricity. This will result in i) growing dynamic stability issues for the power system (possibly a new major barrier against future renewable penetration), ii) the necessity to upgrade existing protection schemes and iii) measures to mitigate the resulting degradation of power quality due to harmonics propagation. European TSOs from Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain and UK have joined to address such challenges with manufacturers (Alstom, Enercon, Schneider Electric) and universities/research centres. They propose innovative solutions to progressively adjust the HVAC system operations. Firstly, a replicable methodology is developed for appraising the distance of any EU 28 control zone to instability due to PE proliferation and for monitoring it in real time, along with a portfolio of incremental improvements of existing technologies (the tuning of controllers, a pilot test of wide-area control techniques and the upgrading of protection devices with impacts on the present grid codes). Next, innovative power system control laws are designed to cope with the lack of synchronous machines. Numerical simulations and laboratory tests deliver promising control solutions together with recommendations for new PE grid connection rules and the development of a novel protection technology and mitigation of the foreseen power quality disturbances. Technology and economic impacts of such innovations are quantified together with barriers to be overcome in order to recommend future deployment scenarios. Dissemination activities support the deployment schemes of the project outputs based on knowledge sharing among targeted stakeholders at EC level.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.30M | Year: 2015

Electroactive polymers (EAP) consist of materials capable of changing dimensions and/or shape in response to electrical stimuli. Most EAPs are also capable of generating electrical energy in response to applied mechanical forces. These polymeric materials exhibit properties well beyond what conventional metal or plastic-based actuators can offer, including very high mechanical flexibility (can be stretched to twice their initial size), low density, a high grade of processability, scalability, microfabrication readiness and, in most cases, low cost. Micro-EAPs enable a new broad range of applications for which large strains and forces are desirable, and for which built-in intelligence is necessary. The main objective of the project will be the improvement of the career perspectives (in academia and in industry) of young researchers by training them at the forefront of research in the field of smart soft systems made of EAP microactuators for advanced miniaturized devices. The overall objective for the scientific programme is research and development of EAP materials and their integration for industrial applications. Special attention will be devoted to the development of microactuators. The field of smart materials is growing extremely fast. Materials whose stiffness and shape can be controlled, and that are capable of sensing their shape allow new classes of compliant complex systems. Through the MICACT programme, we hope to ensure that European researchers keep their leading role in this blossoming field, and to help them transition to industrial positions.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.94M | Year: 2015

Cavitation, described as the formation of vapour/gas bubbles of a flowing liquid in a region where the pressure of the liquid falls below its vapour pressure, often leads to vibration and damage of mechanical components, for example, bearings, fuel injectors, valves, propellers and rudders, impellers, pumps and hydro turbines. Cavitation erosion when experienced, normally leads to significant additional repair and maintenance costs or component replacement. Even if erosion problems can be avoided by design or operation, most often the performance of the systems is sub-optimal because countermeasures by design are needed to prevent cavitation problems. Despite the long-lasting problems associated with cavitation, computational models that could simulate cavitation and identify locations of erosion are still not thoroughly developed. The proposed interdisciplinary training and research programme aims to provide new experimental data and an open-source simulation tool for hydrodynamic cavitation and induced erosion. Insight into the detailed bubble collapse mechanism leading to surface erosion will be realised through DNS simulations, which are now feasible by the significant progress in fluid flow computational methods and parallel simulations. Information from such models will be implemented as sub-grid scale models of URANS and LES approaches, typically employed for cavitation simulation at engineering scales. Model validation will be performed against new advanced X-ray, laser diagnostics and high speed imaging measurements to be performed as part of this project. Application of the developed models to cases of industrial interest includes fuel injectors, marine propellers, hydro-turbines, pumps and mechanical heart valves. From this understanding the development of methodologies for design of cavitation-free or remedial measures and operation of devices suffering from cavitation erosion can then be established for the benefit of the relevant communities.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: LCE-05-2015 | Award Amount: 51.69M | Year: 2016

In order to unlock the full potential of Europes offshore resources, network infrastructure is urgently required, linking off-shore wind parks and on-shore grids in different countries. HVDC technology is envisaged but the deployment of meshed HVDC offshore grids is currently hindered by the high cost of converter technology, lack of experience with protection systems and fault clearance components and immature international regulations and financial instruments. PROMOTioN will overcome these barriers by development and demonstration of three key technologies, a regulatory and financial framework and an offshore grid deployment plan for 2020 and beyond. A first key technology is presented by Diode Rectifier offshore converter. This concept is ground breaking as it challenges the need for complex, bulky and expensive converters, reducing significantly investment and maintenance cost and increasing availability. A fully rated compact diode rectifier converter will be connected to an existing wind farm. The second key technology is an HVDC grid protection system which will be developed and demonstrated utilising multi-vendor methods within the full scale Multi-Terminal Test Environment. The multi-vendor approach will allow DC grid protection to become a plug-and-play solution. The third technology pathway will first time demonstrate performance of existing HVDC circuit breaker prototypes to provide confidence and demonstrate technology readiness of this crucial network component. The additional pathway will develop the international regulatory and financial framework, essential for funding, deployment and operation of meshed offshore HVDC grids. With 35 partners PROMOTioN is ambitious in its scope and advances crucial HVDC grid technologies from medium to high TRL. Consortium includes all major HVDC and wind turbine manufacturers, TSOs linked to the North Sea, offshore wind developers, leading academia and consulting companies.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: WASTE-6b-2015 | Award Amount: 4.25M | Year: 2016

Europes cities are some of the worlds greatest tourism destinations. The socio-economic impact of tourism is extraordinary and urban tourism, but it brings at the same time a range of negative externalities, including high levels of unsustainable resource consumption and waste production. In comparison with other cities, tourist cities have to face additional challenges related to waste prevention and management due to their geographical and climatic conditions, the seasonality of tourism flow and the specificity of tourism industry and of tourists as waste producers. UrBAN-WASTE will support policy makers in answering these challenges and in developing strategies that aim at reducing the amount of municipal waste production and at further support the re-use, recycle, collection and disposal of waste in tourist cities. In doing so UrBAN-WASTE will adopt and apply the urban metabolism approach to support the switch to a circular model where waste is considered as resource and reintegrated in the urban flow. UrBAN-WASTE will perform a metabolic analysis of the state of art of urban metabolism in 11 pilot cities. In parallel a participatory process involving all the relevant stakeholders will be set up through a mobilization and mutual learning action plan. These inputs will be integrated in the strategies along with a review of the most innovative existing technologies and practices in the field of waste management and prevention. The strategies will then be implemented in the 11 cities and the results will be monitored and disseminated facilitating the transfer and adaptation of the project outcomes in other cases.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.00M | Year: 2015

The height of conventional wind turbines is limited by the enormous stresses on the structure. The idea of the Airborne Wind Energy (AWE) is to replace the most efficient part of a conventional wind turbine, the tip of the turbine blade, with a fast flying high efficiency kite, and to replace the rest of the structure by a tether which anchors the kite to the ground. Power is generated either by periodically pulling a ground based generator via a winch, or by small wind turbines mounted on the kite that exploit its fast cross wind motion. While the concept is highly promising, major academic and industrial research is still needed to achieve the performance required for industrial deployment. This can best be done by innovative junior researchers in a closely cooperating consortium of academic and industrial partners. The ITN AWESCO combines six interdisciplinary academic and four industrial network partners with seven associated partners, all selected on the basis of excellence and complementarity. All partners work already intensively on AWE systems, several with prototypes, and they are committed to create synergies via the cooperation in AWESCO. The main task is to train fourteen Early Stage Researchers (ESRs) in training-by-research and to create a closely connected new generation of leading European scientists that are ready to push the frontiers of airborne wind energy. AWESCO is the first major cooperation effort of the most important European actors in the field and will help Europe to gain a leading role in a possibly huge emerging renewable energy market, and to meet its ambitious CO2 targets. In addition, the AWESCO early stage researchers will be trained in cutting-edge simulation, design, sensing, and control technologies that are needed in many branches of engineering.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-EID | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-EID | Award Amount: 255.37K | Year: 2015

The unconventional recovery processes of oil and gas reservoirs raise significant costs and risks to the surrounding environment (including contamination of ground water, risks to air quality etc.) around the world and threatens to pose greater challenges in the future to meet the rising energy demand. The oil-gas industry is meeting this threat with developing diverse technologies that work by different mechanisms but share a common goal: to reduce risks for the surrounding environment and to increase the recovery factor of reservoirs. The aim of this project would be to develop a new fully coupled framework as an extension of research INTERSECT simulator in which we can model dynamic crack propagation with the injection of high velocity fluid flow as observed in the hydraulic fracturing (fracking) of unconventional reservoirs.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2011.5.6 | Award Amount: 752.51K | Year: 2011

eGovPoliNet sets up an international community in ICT solutions for governance and policy modelling. The international community of researchers and practitioners will share and advance research and insights from practical cases around the world. To achieve this, eGovPoliNet will build on experiences accumulated by leading actors bringing together the innovative knowledge of the field. Capabilities, tools and methods brought forward by academia, ICT industry, highly specialised policy consulting firms, and policy operators and governance experts from governments will be investigated and collected in an international knowledge base. Comparative analyses and descriptions of cases, tools and scientific approaches will complement this knowledge base. Therewith, the currently existing fragmentation across disciplines will be overcome.Functions of eGovPoliNet towards community building, RTD monitoring and comparative analysis will mainly be conducted in an internet-based participatory manner, complemented with regular physical meetings attached to conferences. Community building of experts from academia, industry and public organizations, and other interested stakeholders will be supported by a community portal for knowledge sharing, collaboration, dissemination, and multidisciplinary constituency building in an open environment. eGovPoliNet expertise covers a wide range of aspects for social and professional networking and multidisciplinary constituency building along the axes of technology, participative processes, governance, policy modelling, social simulation and visualisation. Regular physical and virtual meetings with off- and online discussions and comparative studies will contribute to capacity building of the community.Through sharing of approaches and exposing them to the communitys discussions, eGovPoliNet will advance the way research, development and practice is performed worldwide in using ICT solutions for governance and policy modelling.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2014 | Award Amount: 616.50K | Year: 2015

Innovation technologies in ground vehicle engineering require strong interdisciplinary and intersectoral investigations with an international dimension. In this context the project EVE proposes sustainable approach based on intensive staff exchange that leads to collaborative research and training between universities and industrial organizations from Germany, Belgium, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands, South Africa, and the USA. The project includes basic and applied research, development design, experimentations, networking, and dissemination and exploitation activities. The research objectives are focused on the development of (i) experimental tyre database that can be used in the design of new chassis control systems and subjected to inclusion into Horizon 2020 pilot on Open Research Data, (ii) advanced models of ground vehicles and automotive subsystems for real-time applications, and (iii) novel integrated chassis control methods. It will lead to development and improvement of innovative vehicle components such as (i) an integrated chassis controller targeting simultaneous improvements in safety, energy efficiency and driving comfort, (ii) new hardware subsystems for brakes, active suspension and tyre pressure control for on-road and off-road mobility, and (iii) remote network-distributed vehicle testing technology for integrated chassis systems. The project targets will be achieved with intensive networking measures covering (i) knowledge transfer and experience sharing between participants from academic and non-academic sectors and (ii) professional advancement of the consortium members through intersectoral and international collaboration and secondments. The project EVE is fully consistent with the targets of H2020-MSCA-RISE programme and will provide excellent opportunities for personal career development of staff and will lead to creation of a strong European and international research group to create new hi-tech ground vehicle systems.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.9.1 | Award Amount: 2.16M | Year: 2013

The ongoing miniaturization of data processing and storage devices and the imperative of low-energy consumption can only be sustained through low-powered components. Lower supply voltages and variations in technological process of emerging nanoelectronic devices make them inherently unreliable. As a consequence, the nanoscale integration of chips built out of unreliable components has emerged as one of the most critical challenges for the next-generation electronic circuit design. To make such nanoscale integration economically viable, new solutions for efficient and fault-tolerant data processing and storage must now be invented. The i-RISC project aims at achieving these goals, by providing innovative fault-tolerant solutions at both device- and system-level that are fundamentally rooted in mathematical models, algorithms, and techniques of information theory. Proposed solutions will build on error correcting codes and encoder/decoder architectures able to provide reliable error protection even if they themselves operate on unreliable hardware. The project will develop the scientific foundation and provide a first proof-of-concept by validating the proposed solutions on accurate error models and energy measurement tools developed within the project. In the forthcoming challenge of nanoscale technologies, the i-RISC project is an essential prerequisite for preparing the European industry for this paradigm shift.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.88M | Year: 2016

Chemistry is fundamental to nanotechnology, as chemistry can prepare specifically tailored molecules to serve, in a bottom-up approach, as the building blocks for the fabrication of functional and structured nano-materials. Nanotechnology is the technology of the 21st century with applications from electronics to biotechnology and medicine. The next decade will thus be characterized by an increasing industrial demand for novel nanostructures with individual physical and chemical properties tuned to specific applications. This, in turn, requires increased flexibility and control over material composition, shape and resolution. To meet this demand the chemistry and the physics behind new and emerging nanoscale fabrication methods must be well understood and this understanding must be systematically deployed to advance these methods into commercially viable fabrication technologies. Simultaneously to ensure that Europe is a significant player in this economically and technologically important industry, the European nanotechnology industry must have access to well trained individuals with both the technical skills and a broad understanding of the physical and chemical parameters governing the performance of next generation processing techniques and, the skills and drive needed for further innovation and entrepreneurship in the nano-technology field. ELENA addresses these scientific and training needs by: i) studying the chemistry underpinning two emerging nano-technology writing techniques; Focused Electron Beam Induced Processing and Extreme Ultra Violet Lithography, ii) exploiting knowledge gained in (i) to develop these techniques such that they may be made commercially competitive, and iii) training a new generation of European scientists with a fundamental understanding of the physics and chemistry behind these processes and the mind set for innovation and entrepreneurship to provide an exemplar for up-skilling European nanotechnology industry.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.39M | Year: 2017

TREASURE will provide specialist training in the strategic and emerging area of European GNSS. Collectively, GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite Systems) includes systems such as the US Global Positioning System (GPS) and the Russian GLONASS, as well as the new, under development systems like Chinas Beidou and most importantly Europes Galileo. Galileo is what we call the European GNSS (EGNSS) and is to be fully operational around 2020, therefore the pressing need to invest on research and training right now. This is especially so because GPS has clearly been the frontrunner of all these systems and has dominated the market for two decades now. EGNSS (Galileo) is aimed at changing this market unbalance and is the main focus of this proposal, which concentrates on its use in support of applications demanding high accuracy positioning and navigation. TREASUREs cohort of 13 young researchers will be given gap-bridging innovative training through an exceptional and unique network of industrial, research and academic beneficiaries, with the aim to form a group of outstanding researchers who would not be able to acquire the equivalent set of skills by training at any individual European institution alone. World-class expertise on EGNSS exists in Europe, however multi-disciplinary research skills need expanding to maximise the enormous potential that there is for promotion and exploitation of this technology. TREASURE addresses that need and responds to the much desired involvement of end-users and businesses, by bringing together four top Universities, one research Institute and four leading European companies, with extensive track record and experience in a wide breadth of disciplines to provide the necessary coordinated research training that will enable the ultimate real time high accuracy EGNSS solution.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.94M | Year: 2016

Additive Manufacturing (AM) is a fastgrowing sector with the ability to evoke a revolution in manufacturing due to its almost unlimited design freedom and its capability to produce personalised parts locally and with efficient material use. AM companies however still face technological challenges such as limited precision due to shrinkage and buildin stresses and limited process stability and robustness. Moreover often postprocessing is needed due to the high roughness and remaining porosity. In addition qualified, trained personnel is hard to find. This ITN project will address both the technological and people challenges. To quality assure the parts produced, PAM will, through a close collaboration between industry and academia, address each of the various process stages of AM with a view to implementing good precision engineering practice. To ensure the availability of trained personnel, ESRs will, next to their individual research and complementary skills training, be immersed in the whole AM production chain through handson workshops where they will design, model, fabricate, measure and assess a specific product. The expected impact of PAM thus is: 1. The availability of intersectoral and interdisciplinary trained professionals in an industrial field thats very important for the future of Europe, both enhancing the ESR future career perspectives and advancing European industry. 2. The availability of high precision AM processes through improved layout rules with better use of AM possibilities, better modelling tools for firsttime right processing, possibility for insitu quality control ensuring process stability and, if still needed, optimised postprocessing routes 3. As a result of 1: an increased market acceptance and penetration of AM. 4. Through the early involvement of European industry: a growing importance of the European industrial players in this fastgrowing field. This will help Europe reach its target of 20% manufacturing share of GDP.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EE-05-2016 | Award Amount: 3.00M | Year: 2016

Public bodies face the lack of appropriate easy-to-use tools to support them in the definition, simulation and evaluation of suitable strategies for sustainable heating and cooling tailored to local conditions for achieving the ambitious targets set-up in their local plans. In light of this, PLANHEAT main objective is to develop and demonstrate an integrated and easy-to-use tool which will support local authorities (cities and regions) in selecting, simulating and comparing alternative low carbon and economically sustainable scenarios for heating and cooling that will include the integration of alternative supply solutions (from a panel of advanced key technologies for the new heating and cooling supply) that could balance the forecasted demand. The PLANHEAT integrated tool will be designed to support local authorities in 1) mapping the potential of locally available low carbon energy sources (with specific reference to available RES and waste energy recoverable at urban and industrial level) 2) mapping the forecasted demand for heating and cooling 3) define and simulate alternative environmentally friendly scenarios based on district heating and cooling as well as highly efficient cogeneration systems matching the forecasted demand, levering on the use of RES and waste energy sources and with proven economic viability 4) understanding the interactions of these new scenarios with the existing infrastructures and networks (among which district heating and cooling gas, electricity, sewage, transportation) and identify potential for further extension and upgrade of district heating and cooling networks 5) evaluate the benefits (in terms of energetic, economic and environmental KPIs) that the adoption of the new scenarios will generate against the current situation (i.e., baseline). Moreover sound training and replication strategies involving a number of other public authorities have been set-up towards the empowerment of the expected project impacts.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.99M | Year: 2016

The world economy is dependent on fossil resources: oil, gas and coal. The fossil resources are finite and their consumption causes catastrophic environmental changes. Therefore we need to move towards sustainable economy using renewable resources for energy and chemicals production. Via metabolic engineering approach, novel microbial cells can be created that can convert biomass and waste into fuels and chemicals. Metabolic engineering however distinguishes itself from other engineering disciplines by low predictability of the design and long turnover times for the cell factory construction and screening. Therefore there is a need for scientists, who can address these challenges. European Training Network on Predictable and Accelerated Metabolic Engineering Networks (PAcMEN) will be established at 5 renowned European universities and 2 SMEs with participation of 5 industrial and 1 academic partner organizations. In this program 16 PhD students (of which 15 funded by EU contribution) will learn to conduct state-of-the-art research on metabolic engineering of microbial cell factories and learn to commercialize innovations. This will be achieved via collaborative research projects under supervision of top scientists from academia and industry, network training, secondments with network partners, training on innovation and entrepreneurship, and individual career coaching. Altogether, PAcMEN training programme will provide young scientists with the ideal combination of scientific, technological, industrial and management skills to prepare them for their role as breakthrough pioneers in the establishment of tomorrows biorefineries. The PAcMEN project will have an overall positive impact by strengthening the research networks in the area of metabolic engineering, establishing long-term collaborations between the universities and industry, and by creating a framework for future interdisciplinary training programs.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENERGY.2012.8.8.1 | Award Amount: 4.49M | Year: 2013

Today climate change causes serious problems to the societies worldwide and Europe starts to feel its consequences. At the same time European community is facing economical problems. One of the main producers of greenhouse gases is the non sustainable energy production and use. Therefore there is an urgent need to reduce energy use in most cost effective way. PLEEC will gather cities with innovative planning and ambitious energy saving goals. It will identify technology, citizens behaviors and structure driven efficiency potentials within urban planning and key city aspects. PLEEC will assess the status of energy efficiency and energy flows in the participating European middle size cities. It will improve understanding of basic conditions for energy efficiency in the cities through joint activities between city planners and researchers on technology, citizens behavior and structures. By finding the optimal mix of all energy efficiency measures the model for strategic sustainable planning will be created together with the action plans for implementation and management. The model and the action plans will address key aspects relevant for the whole city. They will be supported by the public authorities on the highest political levels. Analysis of time line, the costs and pay-back periods will be done based on different regulatory and market conditions of the participating cities. The model will guide the cities to find the most cost effective implementation of the EU SET-Plan goals to reduce energy use in EU by 20% till 2020.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2012.2.3.1 | Award Amount: 19.53M | Year: 2012

The overall objectives of the INNWIND.EU project are the high performance innovative design of a beyond-state-of-the-art 10-20MW offshore wind turbine and hardware demonstrators of some of the critical components. These ambitious primary objectives lead to a set of secondary objectives, which are the specific innovations, new concepts, new technologies and proof of concepts at the sub system and turbine level. The progress beyond the state of the art is envisaged as an integrated wind turbine concept with i) a light weight rotor having a combination of adaptive characteristics from passive built-in geometrical and structural couplings and active distributed smart sensing and control, ii) an innovative, low-weight, direct drive generator and iii) a standard mass-produced integrated tower and substructure that simplifies and unifies turbine structural dynamic characteristics at different water depths. A lightweight blade design will be demonstrated at a MW scale turbine. The drive train innovations include a super conducting generator; pseudo magnetic drive train and a light weight re-design of the bedplate for reduced tower top mass. The superconducting generator technology and the pseudo magnetic drive technology will be demonstrated at relevant scales by participating industry. The concepts are researched individually at the component level but also at the wind turbine system level in an integrated approach. Their benefits are quantified through suitable performance indicators and their market deployment opportunities are concretely established in two dedicated integrating work packages. The consortium comprises of leading Industrial Partners and Research Establishments focused on longer term research and innovation of industrial relevance. The project addresses the heart of the Long Term R&D Programme of the New Turbines and Components strand of the European Wind Initiative (EWI) established under SET-Plan, the Common European Policy for Energy Technologies.


The European electricity system is facing major challenges to implement a strategy for a reliable, competitive and sustainable electricity supply. The development and the renewal of the transmission infrastructure are central and recognised issues in this strategy. Indeed the transmission system is a complex and strongly interconnected infrastructure that offers a wide range of benefits like reliability improvement, promotion of competitive electricity markets and of economic growth, support for development of new generation and for exploitation of renewable resources. Within this context, the objective of REALISEGRID is to develop a set of criteria, metrics, methods and tools (hereinafter called framework) to assess how the transmission infrastructure should be optimally developed to support the achievement of a reliable, competitive and sustainable electricity supply in the European Union (EU). The project encompasses three main activity-packages: 1) identification of performances and costs of novel technologies aimed at increasing capacity, reliability and flexibility of the transmission infrastructure; 2) definition of long term scenarios for the EU power sector, characterized by different evolutions of demand and supply; 3) implementation of a framework to facilitate harmonisation of pan-European approaches to electricity infrastructure evolution and to evaluate the overall benefits of transmission expansion investments. The expected output of the project is fourfold: - Implementation of the framework to assess the benefits provided by transmission infrastructure development to the pan-European power system. - Preparation of a roadmap for the incorporation of new transmission technologies in the electricity networks. - Analysis of impacts of different scenarios on future electricity exchanges among European countries. - Testing and application of the framework for the cost-benefit analysis of specific transmission projects.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2011.6.2-3. | Award Amount: 2.68M | Year: 2011

This project will explore new airport concepts with radical and novel solutions to prepare airports for 2050 and beyond. It will build on the High Level Target Concepts (HLTC) from the Advisory Council for Aeronautics Research in Europe (ACARE) Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) 2. The SRA-2 underlines the importance of the air transport sector with respect to value added, Gross Domestic Product, jobs and people mobility. The airport plays a vital role in the Air Transport System (ATS). The future airport will have to meet different objectives amongst other in the area of environment, costs and performance. Each airport is likely to have a focus on one of these areas that can vary between different airports. Therefore, the 2050\ Airport project develops three different airport concepts (passenger time efficient, climate neutral and low cost) that demonstrate what the future airport will look like when taking one of the areas as the leading objective. The project shows the benefits and challenges of the different concepts and the trade-offs between the different areas to be made. The airport concepts describe the interface between the aircraft and the ground and the new principles for the airport layout including intermodal connections. The passenger and the baggage will experience a seamless travel through the 2050\ airport. The approach is to develop concrete concepts taking into account input from existing studies like the out of the box project and input from other stakeholders like universities, research institutes, airports and industry. The project provides a scientific methodology to develop and evaluate innovative airport concepts. The output of the project shows which step change innovation is proposed to prepare the different types of airports for the second half of this century.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-26-2014 | Award Amount: 997.95K | Year: 2015

This project responds to the ICT-26-c call which is focusing on the EU-wide outreach for promoting photonics to young people, entrepreneurs and the general public. The projects acronym is Photonics4all and its duration will be two years. Within the framework of the proclaimed International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies (IYL 2015) by the United Nations this project shall mainly improve the public image of photonics and increase the public awareness of the importance of photonics, especially regarding current societal challenges like health and well-being, safety and security etc. The uniqueness of Photonics4all is on the one hand the development of new promotional tools and on the other hand the performance of various outreach activities. The main goal of Photonics4all will be to sensitize and to arouse interest of the mentioned target groups for photonics technology in many European countries in order to achieve an EU-wide outreach. These tools will be developed and implemented into many promotional activities which will be conducted during the project as well. Strong European collaborations, based on cluster activities, shall increase the interest of young people, entrepreneurs and the general public and thereby generate more qualified workforce and young academics, more innovative applications and an increased awareness of photonics. This will be reached providing an excellent consortium of 9 photonics related partners (OND, AIDO, OV, EaPS, PhAu, TUD, UoS, ILC, CNR) from 9 different European countries. In addition, the coordinator of the project is representing an organisation which has a great expertise in managing European projects (SEZ). Thus this project will be carried out by 10 European organisations with excellent connections to relevant networks.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2013.3.1-01 | Award Amount: 9.55M | Year: 2013

Plants synthesize a staggering variety of secondary metabolites, and this chemodiversity is a poorly used pool of natural molecules with bioactive properties of importance for applications in the pharma and food industries. BacHBerry focusses on phenolic compounds, a large and diverse class of plant metabolites, which are currently in the spotlight due to their claimed beneficial effects in prevention and treatment of chronic diseases, but that also have applications as cosmetics, flavours and food colorants etc. Berries are soft and colourful fruits, with great diversity, high content and unique profiles in phenolic compounds, making them a major source of these high-value metabolites. The BacHBerry project aims to develop a portfolio of sustainable methodologies to mine the potential of the untapped biodiversity of the bioactive phenolic compounds in an extensive collection of berry species. Full exploitation of this unrivalled natural resource requires an integrated and comprehensive effort from bioprospecting in berries using SMART high-throughput screens for the valorisation of phenolic bioactivities aligned with their identification using cutting edge analytics and subsequent elucidation of their biosynthetic pathways. This knowledge will facilitate metabolic engineering of suitable bacterial hosts for high-value phenolics production in scalable fermentation bioprocesses, ultimately serving as commercial production platforms. The consortium comprises a full chain of research and innovation, with 12 research groups, 5 SMEs and a large enterprise, representing 10 countries including partners from ICPC countries Russia, Chile and China, with the capacity to exploit novel bioactivities from berry fruits diversity. BacHBerry develops a pipeline of sustainable and cost-effective processes to facilitate production of added-value berry phenolics with immediate potential for commercialization and consequent socio-economic benefits for the European community and beyond.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.5.2 | Award Amount: 16.43M | Year: 2013

MD-Paedigree is a clinically-led VPH project that addresses both the first and the second actions of part B of Objective ICT-2011.5.2:\n1. it enhances existing disease models stemming from former EC-funded research (Health-e-Child and Sim-e-Child) and from industry and academia, by developing robust and reusable multi-scale models for more predictive, individualised, effective and safer healthcare in several disease areas;\n2. it builds on the eHealth platform already developed for Health-e-Child and Sim-e-Child to establish a worldwide advanced paediatric digital repository.\nIntegrating the point of care through state-of-the-art and fast response interfaces, MD-Paedigree services a broad range of off-the-shelf models and simulations to support physicians and clinical researchers in their daily work. MD-Paedigree vertically integrates data, information and knowledge of incoming patients, in participating hospitals from across Europe and the USA, and provides innovative tools to define new workflows of models towards personalised predictive medicine. Conceived of as a part of the VPH Infostructure described in the ARGOS, MD-Paedigree encompasses a set of services for storage, sharing, similarity search, outcome analysis, risk stratification, and personalised decision support in paediatrics within its innovative model-driven data and workflow-based digital repository. As a specific implementation of the VPH-Share project, MD-Paedigree fully interoperates with it. It has the ambition to be the dominant tool within its purview. MD-Paedigree integrates methodological approaches from the targeted specialties and consequently analyzes biomedical data derived from a multiplicity of heterogeneous sources (from clinical, genetic and metagenomic analysis, to MRI and US image analytics, to haemodynamics, to real-time processing of musculoskeletal parameters and fibres biomechanical data, and others), as well as specialised biomechanical and imaging VPH simulation models.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: HEALTH-2009-2.1.2-1 | Award Amount: 15.08M | Year: 2010

MitoSys will generate a comprehensive mathematical understanding of mitotic division in human cells, a process of fundamental importance for human health. To create the critical mass and multidisciplinarity that is needed to achieve this ambitious goal, internationally leading mathematicians, biochemists/biophysicists and biologists working at twelve universities, research institutes, international organizations and companies in eight different European countries will collaborate. Mathematicians will focus on four biological modules that represent the most important aspects of the mitotic cell division process; (i) spindle assembly, (ii) the spindle assembly checkpoint and kinetochores, (iii) segregation of mitotic chromosomes and (iv) mitotic exit. Computational models of these separate modules will be integrated into a comprehensive model of mitosis that combines these steps of mitosis with regulation by protein kinases and ubiquitin ligases. To be able to achieve these tasks, the modellers will be supported by biologists and physicists who will use microscopic imaging, biochemistry, biophysics, single-molecule techniques and proteomics to generate kinetic and other quantitative data suitable for model building. To evaluate the relevance of the mathematical models for human health and disease, other biologists will subject selected key predictions from these models to rigorous in-vivo tests by using conditional knock-out mice. MitoSys will compile and disseminate its own data and models, but also datasets from public sources, in a web-database, which will serve as a systems biology resource for the scientific community. To train other scientists in systems biology, MitoSys will organize a practical workshop on mathematical modelling. Finally, MitoSys will inform the general public about systems biology of mitosis and its relevance to health and disease by organizing an exhibition, which will be displayed in several European cities.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH-2007-2.2-02 | Award Amount: 1.84M | Year: 2008

As the objectives of the CAP shift from an agricultural-centred approach to wider rural development, the idea of multifunctionality of rural areas comes into play. This in turn brings the CAP into closer association with a wide range of sectoral policy regimes: regional policy, spatial planning, environmental management; social, energy policy, and others. Sectoral regimes interact in complex ways, and with a determining effect on the sustainable development of rural areas. RUFUS will provide policy makers and stakeholders with better theoretical and practical understandings of how CAP measures interact with other forms of public intervention in rural development; and how policy regimes can be combined to ensure more sustainable development. RUFUS will investigate how rural development policy can be targeted at the specific endogenous potential of rural regions to encourage multiple functionality which goes beyond physical landscape potentials to include social and economic activities and opportunities. An interdisciplinary methodology will build into the analysis a qualitative analysis of the social dimension and endogenous potentials, alongside economic and ecological variables. RUFUS will establish a transdisciplinary conceptual framework on policy integration and rural multifunctionality. It will create a rural typology incorporating social aspects and endogenous potentials. Scenarios of rural futures - the trajectory of policy interaction processes - will be generated. These quantitative findings will be tested against the reality of stakeholder experiences of regional development dynamics through case studies using visualisation techniques. The relevance of the findings for other regions will be examined with the help of an expert panel. Special emphasis is given to combining findings with other research, setting them in the context of political goals and policy problems, and transposing them into practical and meaningful recommendations for action.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ISSI-5-2014 | Award Amount: 3.99M | Year: 2015

NUCLEUS develops, supports and implements inclusive and sustainable approaches to Responsible Research and Innovation within the governance and culture of research organisations in Europe. A major goal of the transdisciplinary project will be to stimulate research and innovation which continuously reflects and responds to societal needs. In order to achieve a multifaceted and cross-cultural New Understanding of Communication, Learning and Engagement in Universities and Scientific Institutions, 26 renowned institutions from 15 countries, among them leading representatives of 14 universities, will collaboratively identify, develop, implement and support inclusive and sustainable approaches to RRI. For a mutual learning and exchange process, the project will reach out beyond the European Research Area by including renowned scientific institutions in China, Russia and South Africa. Within a 4-year timeframe NUCLEUS will systematically uncover and analyse structural and cultural obstacles to RRI in scientific institutions. The partners will collaboratively develop innovative approaches to overcome these barriers. The project is expected to lead to an applicable RRI DNA, providing practical guidelines for higher education institutions and funding agencies across Europe and beyond. This DNA will form the basis for the NUCLEUS Living Network, an alliance to ensure sustainability of the approach beyond the project timeline. By offering new academic insights and practical recommendations derived from 30 RRI test beds, NUCLEUS will contribute to the debate on science policies both on a national and European level, including the future design of HORIZON 2020 and the European Research Area (ERA).


The OpenGovIntelligence project aims at stimulating sustainable economic growth in Europe through fostering innovation in society and enterprises. Towards this end, OpenGovIntelligence suggests a holistic approach for the modernization of Public Administration (PA) by exploiting Linked Open Statistical Data (LOSD) technologies. This includes new business processes, policies, and tools that will enable the active participation of the society and enterprises in data sharing and in the co-production of innovative data-driven public services. The objectives of the OpenGovIntelligence project include: The identification of challenges in opening up and exploiting LOSD for the co-production of innovative data-driven public services. The creation of a framework comprising business processes, policies, and data infrastructure architectures. This framework specifies a user-centric LOSD Innovation Ecosystem that orchestrates the collaboration of society and PA for opening up and exploiting LOSD to address relevant challenges and facilitate the co-production of innovative data-driven public services. The delivery of the OpenGovIntelligece ICT toolkit comprising easy-to-use and user-centric tools to facilitate realizing the LOSD Innovation Ecosystem. The OpenGovIntelligence pilots in six countries to validate and prove the usability and effectiveness of the LOSD Innovation Ecosystem. The pilots will develop services at both national and local level to tackle societal and PA challenges in various problem areas such as internal decision-making in PAs, enhancing e-services provided by Points of Single Contact in Europe, and improving policy-making in the areas of environment protection, economic growth, and unemployment.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC5-11d-2015 | Award Amount: 9.78M | Year: 2016

SOLSA is the first automated expert system for on-site cores analysis. With access to data on-line, great savings are expected on the number of drill holes, the accuracy of geo-models and economic evaluation of ore reserves. SOLSA responds perfectly to the need for New sustainable exploration technologies and geo-models of SC5-11d-2015. The objective is to develop new or improved highly efficient and cost-effective, sustainable exploration technologies. It includes (1) integrated drilling optimized to operate in the difficult lateritic environment with the challenge of a mixture of hard and soft rocks, extensible also to other ore types, (2) fully automated scanner and phase identification software, usable as well in other sectors. SOLSA combines for the first time the non-destructive sensors X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, vibrational spectroscopies and 3D imaging along the drill core. For that purpose, SOLSA will develop innovative, user-friendly and intelligent software, at the TRL 4-6 levels. To minimize the risk and capitalize on the newest technologies, the subsystems for the hardware, will be selected on the market of miniaturized sensors. To align SOLSA to the industrial needs and to guarantee market uptake at the end of the project, the SOLSA multidisciplinary consortium includes an end-user (ERAMET) with mining and commercial activities in laterite ores, the case study selected for the project. Industrially driven, the consortium is composed of LE, SMEs and academic experts (ERAMET (PI), F; SSD, NL; BRGM, F; INEL, F; Univ. Vilnius, Lt; CNRS-CRISMAT, F; Univ. Trento, I; Univ. Verona, I; TU Delft, NL) covering exploration, database management, instrumentation and software development, drilling rigs, analytical prototypes and marketing strategies. SOLSA is expected to revolutionize exploration and push Europe in front, by reducing the exploration time at 50%, the analysis time from 3 - 6 months to real-time and thus the environmental footprint.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRAIA-01-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 10.51M | Year: 2017

RadioNet is a consortium of 28 institutions in Europe, Republic of Korea and South Africa, integrating at European level world-class infrastructures for research in radio astronomy. These include radio telescopes, telescope arrays, data archives and the globally operating European Network for Very Long Baseline Interferometry (EVN). RadioNet is de facto widely regarded to represent the interests of radio astronomy in Europe. A comprehensive, innovative and ambitious suite of actions is proposed that fosters a sustainable research environment. Building on national investments and commitments to operate these facilities, this specific EC program leverages the capabilities on a European scale. The proposed actions include: - Merit-based trans-national access to the RadioNet facilities for European and for the first time also for third country users; and integrated and professional user support that fosters continued widening of the community of users. - Innovative R&D, substantially enhancing the RadioNet facilities and taking leaps forward towards harmonization, efficiency and quality of exploitation at lower overall cost; development and delivery of prototypes of specialized hardware, ready for production in SME industries. - Comprehensive networking measures for training, scientific exchange, industry cooperation, dissemination of scientific and technical results; and policy development to ensure long-term sustainability of excellence for European radio astronomy. RadioNet is relevant now, it enables cutting-edge science, top-level R&D and excellent training for its European facilities; with the Atacama Large Millimetre Array (ALMA) and the ESFRI-listed Square Kilometre Array (SKA) defined as global radio telescopes, RadioNet assures that European radio astronomy maintains its leading role into the era of these next-generation facilities by involving scientists and engineers in the scientific use and innovation of the outstanding European facilities.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ART-06-2016 | Award Amount: 3.00M | Year: 2016

Automated Road Transport (ART) is seen as one of the key technologies and major technological advancements influencing and shaping our future mobility and quality of life. The ART technology encompasses passenger cars, public transport vehicles, and urban and interurban freight transport and also extends to the road, IT and telecommunication infrastructure needed to guarantee safe and efficient operations of the vehicles. In this framework, CARTRE is accelerating development and deployment of automated road transport by increasing market and policy certainties. CARTRE supports the development of clearer and more consistent policies of EU Member States in collaboration with industry players ensuring that ART systems and services are compatible on a EU level and are deployed in a coherent way across Europe. CARTRE includes a joint stakeholders forum in order to coordinate and harmonise ART approaches at European and international level. CARTRE creates a solid knowledge base of all European activities, supports current activities and structures research outcomes by enablers and thematic areas. CARTRE involves more than 60 organisations to consolidate the current industry and policy fragmentation surrounding the development of ART.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ISIB-06-2015 | Award Amount: 6.21M | Year: 2016

CELBICON aims at the development, from TRL3 to TRL5, of new CO2-to-chemicals technologies, conjugating at once small-scale for an effective decentralized market penetration, high efficiency/yield, low cost, robustness, moderate operating temperatures and low maintenance costs. In line with the reference Topic text, these technologies will bridge cost-effective CO2 capture and purification from the atmosphere through sorbents (with efficient heat integration of the CO2 desorption step with the subsequent process stages), with electrochemical conversion of CO2 (via PEM electrolysis concepts, promoting CO2 reduction at their cathode in combination with a fruitful oxidation carried out simultaneously at the anode), followed by bioreactors carrying out the fermentation of the CO2-reduction intermediates (syngas, C1 water-soluble molecules) to form valuable products (bioplastics like Poly-Hydroxy-Alkanoates - PHA -, isoprene, lactic acid, methane, etc.) as well as effective routes for their recovery from the process outlet streams. A distinctive feature of the CELBICON approach is the innovative interplay and advances of key technologies brought in by partners (high-tech SMEs & companies, research centres) to achieve unprecedented yield and efficiency results along the following two processing lines: i) High pressure process line tailored to the production of a PHA bioplastic and pressurized methane via intermediate electrochemical generation of pressurized syngas followed by specific fermentation steps; ii) Low pressure processing line focused on the production of value-added chemicals by fermentation of CO2-reduction water-soluble C1 intermediates. Over a 42 months project duration, the two process lines described will undergo a thorough component development R&D programme so as to be able to assemble three optimised TRL5 integrated test-rigs (one per TP) to prove the achievement of all the quantified techno-economical targets.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-29-2016 | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2016

PHABLABS 4.0 aims to integrate photonics in a durable way into the rapidly expanding ecosystem of European Fab Labs and Makerslabs, resulting in a larger and better skilled photonics workforce with superior innovation capacity to achieve a lasting, positive impact on the next revolution in digitization. Combining the forces of top experts from 13 European photonics institutes and STEM-oriented organizations with the Fab Lab stakeholders, PHABLABS 4.0 will devise and deliver a comprehensive suite of 33 Photonics Workshops, 11 Photonics Challenger projects and Photonics Toolkits to enhance Fab Labs and Makerslab with photonics activities aimed at 3 specific target groups: young minds (age 10-14), students (age 15-18) and young professionals and technicians (age 18\). These activities will be extensively tested in 14 existing Fab Labs with the purpose of rolling them out to the entire growing network of European Fab Labs as a proven model at the end of the project. They will stimulate hands-on design, fabrication, experiments, and the building of innovative systems with photonics, and in this way nurture the 21st Century skills of the participants. In that sense the PHABLABS 4.0 project will harness the power of the growing innovation ecosystem of the Fab Labs and equip it with sufficient material to really engage, excite and educate youngsters, students, technicians and young professionals alike in the skills of working and innovating with light. The ultimate impact of PHABLABS 4.0 will be seen in the emergence of a much larger and better trained workforce with 21st Century skills capable of translating the potential of photonics as a key enabling technology into tangible products for the benefit of society.


Patent
University College Cork, Ghent University, Technical University of Delft, Tel Aviv University, Katholieke Unviversiteit Leuven Ku Leuven Research & Development and Interuniversitair Micro Electronica Centrum Vzw | Date: 2013-03-15

A hydrogel based occlusion system, a method for occluding vessels, appendages or aneurysms, and a method for hydrogel synthesis are disclosed. The hydrogel based occlusion system includes a hydrogel having a shrunken and a swollen state and a delivery tool configured to deliver the hydrogel to a target occlusion location. The hydrogel is configured to permanently occlude the target occlusion location in the swollen state. The hydrogel may be an electro-activated hydrogel (EAH) which could be electro-activated with a delivery system to control the degree of swelling/shrinking.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-ITN | Award Amount: 3.37M | Year: 2013

The fate of anthropogenic nitrogen is at the core of our environmental predicament. Human activities have more than doubled the annual input of reactive nitrogen to the biosphere compared to prehistoric levels, causing escalating emissions of nitrous oxide (N2O) which contributes to global warming and depletion of stratospheric ozone. Ultimately, anthropogenic nitrogen will return to the atmosphere, either as N2, N2O or NO, which are the gaseous products of microbial red/ox-transformations of mineral nitrogen. The N2/N2O/NO product ratio of these transformations is controlled by the ecology and regulatory biology of the organisms involved, modulated by environmental factors. We need better understanding and quantification of these processes to improve our chances to reduce N2O emissions from managed ecosystems (agriculture and waste treatment systems). Such progress requires interdisciplinary scientific approaches in collaboration with the fertilizer and waste-industries. NORA comprises the strongest research groups in Europe regarding the biochemistry, biotechnology, physiology and ecology of N-transforming microbes in soils and wastewater systems, the R&D of leading fertilizer-, waste treatment- and robot- industry. Major goals are to improve our understanding and predictive ability regarding the ecology and regulatory biology of microbes involved in oxidation and reduction of mineral N species affecting atmospheric N2O. produce a new generation of nitrogen researchers, within both academic and private sectors, with inter- and cross-disciplinary skills and understanding and appreciation of both fundament science and its direct application to environmental, industrial and societal issues. exploit the power of fundamental scientific understanding, developed through interdisciplinary research and close interactions between academia, industry and policy makers, to generate specific recommendations, strategies and solutions to reduce nitrous oxide emissions.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2009.3.1 | Award Amount: 834.12K | Year: 2010

NANO-TEC seeks to build a community of academic researchers in nanoelectronics, addressing specifically research in Beyond CMOS from the combined technology and design perspectives. A methodology for continued consultation and analysis of research needs and trends will be developed. The main activity will be a workshop series with invited experts, preceded by a methodology-contents preparation phase and subsequent analysis and documentation, both by the consortium. Apart of determining what is relevant for Beyond CMOS devices and design, benchmarking and a SWT analysis will be performed. An end-of-the-project public dissemination event will present the results of the work of NANO-TEC to stake-holders, including the EC and relevant ETPs.\nTwo elements are crucial here. One is the access to the huge expertise in Europe, albeit fragmented, in the area of Beyond CMOS both in technology and in design. The other is a platform to carry out the work and document it. The former is inherent to the consortium, although non-exclusive, as partners come mainly from institutions which have a tradition of nanofabrication for nanoelectronics research and or are members of national consortia and as such have contacts to leading researcher in Beyond CMOS Nanoelectronics. The latter is part of the long-term community-building aim and is a web-platform that will enable documents and exchanges to take place, as well a be the place where the working groups can evolve into a Specialist Interest Group on the combined ecosystems of technology and design.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SEC-2011.1.3-3 | Award Amount: 9.91M | Year: 2013

Landmines and the cluster munitions still kill or maim civilians every day in an indiscriminate manner even long after conflicts are over. At the current rate of clearance of about 500,000 mines per year and assuming no additional mines are laid from now on, it could still take hundreds of years to find and clear all the landmines around the world. D-BOX will tackle the burning issue of anti-personal landmines and cluster munitions remaining from armed conflicts. This will be achieved through the development of innovative solutions that will be interfaced and integrated in a comprehensive toolbox that is going to provide demining stakeholders the best tools, methods and procedures. This smart Toolbox could be used during all demining activities (from the preparation of the mission until the elimination of the mines including communication to general public and donors) to help operators and end users have the most suitable answer, cheap and easy to use tools for a specific task during the different steps of the demining activities and adapted to different scenarios and conditions. D-BOX project, starting by an assessment of the state of the art on related on-going-activities and scenario, the requirements for different tools and toolbox will be conducted with a strong involvement of end-users. On this basis, the Demining toolbox and innovative tools will be developed. D-BOX will propose innovative, cheap and easy to use tools They will covered human and ethical procedures, technologies for mapping and localize landmines and cluster munitions, neutralization, protection, education and training .They will be integrated in the final version of the toolbox. All these parts will lead to a series of demonstrations to evaluate the performances and to the establishment of a roadmap for its development and future implementation.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2013.3.3-04 | Award Amount: 11.20M | Year: 2013

The INDOX proposal on industrial oxidoreductases aims to provide relevant industrial case stories to demonstrate the efficacy of optimized biocatalysts on targeted reactions, and to establish the processes scalability, sustainability and cost-efficiency versus chemical conversion processes. The chemical industry (specialties excluded) is not yet embracing enzymatic oxidation reactions to a significant extent primarily due to lack of biocatalysts with the required selectivity, availability and compatibility with the rigorous process conditions. Selected industrial oxidation and oxyfunctionalization target reactions form the basis for the INDOX screening and optimization of new biocatalysts, including: i) Intermediates for agrochemicals/APIs; ii) Polymer precursors and functionalized polymers; and iii) Intermediates for dye-stuffs. The project flow comprises: i) Recovery of selective biocatalysts from the groups of heme-peroxidases/peroxygenases, flavo-oxidases and copper-oxidoreductases from fungal genomes and other sources; ii) Improvement of their oxidative activity and stability by protein engineering (using rational design, directed evolution and hybrid approaches combined with computational calculations) to fulfill the operational and catalytic conditions required by the chemical industry; and iii) Optimization of reaction conditions and reactor configurations (including immobilization technologies and new enzymatic cascade reactions). Finally the cost efficiency compared to chemical processing will be evaluated. The INDOX approach is supported by a highly-specialized consortium of SMEs, large companies and research/academic institutions. Production of the new optimized biocatalysts and their introduction into the chemical market will take advantage from the participation of the world-leading company in the sector of industrial enzymes, together with several chemical companies willing to implement the new medium- and large-scale biotransformation processes.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2008.10.1.1 | Award Amount: 2.96M | Year: 2009

This project fulfills the requirements of the topic Energy Future emerging technologies which covers all areas of the Theme Energy. In particular, this project aims at developing an emerging technology which consists in a new alternative sustainable solution to reduce CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion. This objective fits the EU strategy to reducing greenhouse gases emissions by developing an environmentally safe carbon capture and geological storage policy. Indeed, most of the subterranean technologies consist in injecting CO2 as a gas at high pressures, leading inevitably to the possible problem of the leakage. In response to this issue, the transformation of CO2 into carbonate is now considered as an interesting solution for CO2 sequestration. 2 major options are under scrutiny. One is a physico-chemical approach in certain types of rocks. The other one is based on the abilities of a number of bacteria to precipitate carbonates, which in turn extends the geological sequestration opportunities beyond the strict deep underground ones. This project targets bacterial metabolic pathways enabling significant carbonate precipitation. In particular, CO2SolStock specific objectives are:1.To explore emerging alternative sustainable solutions related to microbiological pathways of carbonatation for CO2 sequestration; 2.To map out a scientific evaluation of the various routes and promises, from the surface to the deepest habitats; 3.To establish a tool-kit enabling scientific evaluation; 4.To validate the technology with at least 2 validated proof of concept tests for bacterial metabolism supported CO2 sequestration. The work programme consists in 7 WPs from literature scrutiny to demonstration, with transversal dissemination and management tasks. Outputs comprises tool-kit for bio-based stock tailored for various habitats and at least 2 systems ready for development towards industrial applications.The project involves 5 partners: 4 European universities & 1 SME.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2013-AIPP5 | Award Amount: 93.92M | Year: 2014

Embedded systems are the key innovation driver to improve almost all mechatronic products with cheaper and even new functionalities. Furthermore, they strongly support todays information society as inter-system communication enabler. Consequently boundaries of application domains are alleviated and ad-hoc connections and interoperability play an increasing role. At the same time, multi-core and many-core computing platforms are becoming available on the market and provide a breakthrough for system (and application) integration. A major industrial challenge arises facing (cost) efficient integration of different applications with different levels of safety and security on a single computing platform in an open context. The objective of the EMC project (Embedded multi-core systems for mixed criticality applications in dynamic and changeable real-time environments) is to foster these changes through an innovative and sustainable service-oriented architecture approach for mixed criticality applications in dynamic and changeable real-time environments. The EMC2 project focuses on the industrialization of European research outcomes and builds on the results of previous ARTEMIS, European and National projects. It provides the paradigm shift to a new and sustainable system architecture which is suitable to handle open dynamic systems. EMC is part of the European Embedded Systems industry strategy to maintain its leading edge position by providing solutions for: . Dynamic Adaptability in Open Systems . Utilization of expensive system features only as Service-on-Demand in order to reduce the overall system cost. . Handling of mixed criticality applications under real-time conditions . Scalability and utmost flexibility . Full scale deployment and management of integrated tool chains, through the entire lifecycle Approved by ARTEMIS-JU on 12/12/2013 for EoN. Minor mistakes and typos corrected by the Coordinator, finally approved by ARTEMIS-JU on 24/01/2014. Amendment 1 changes approved by ECSEL-JU on 31/03/2015.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IAPP | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-IAPP-2008 | Award Amount: 1.28M | Year: 2009

The aim of the proposed Marie Curie IAPP project is to develop, validate and demonstrate new robust numerical tools for modelling large deformation problems in geotechnics, considering both quasi-static and dynamic applications. Examples of such applications are the interaction between soil and foundations during installation, service and failure, a well as prediction of slope stability (mass gravity flow problems). The main focus will be in modelling installation effects in geotechnics. From the scientific point of view, the project involves major development and extension of the Material Point Method (MPM), and enhancement and further development of material models for describing the complex rate-dependent stress-strain-strength behaviour of natural geomaterials. In parallel, it also involves further development of various extended finite element methods to account for installation effects, which have the potential to become routine design tools in the future. The core of the proposed project is to validate and demonstrate the new methods and tools for modelling installation effects in geotechnics, which involved real field applications, through intense collaboration between industry and academia. In parallel, the project aims to strengthen and expand the collaborative links between the partners and to increase the R&D input and innovation in the geotechnical field. The philosophy/approach is problem driven, e.g. the numerical tools are developed to solve challenging problems of practical importance.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: NMP.2012.4.0-1 | Award Amount: 5.46M | Year: 2013

In Light.Touch.Matters, product designers and material researchers will collaborate to jointly develop a fully new generation of smart materials that combine touch sensitivity with luminosity, based on latest developments in polymeric piezo materials and flexible OLEDs. Manufactured on plastic substrates, these novel light touch materials will be thin, flexible and formable, allowing seamless integration into products. They promise to greatly expand design freedom and unlock totally new modes of product-user interaction, enabling us to take the next step in product design: using touch sensitivity and luminosity to produce simple, affordable and intuitive user interfaces so that eventually the product becomes the user interface. Light.Touch.Matters focuses on products for care and well-being applications that can help consumers feel better, monitor or improve their health and increase comfort, such as rehabilitation aids, wearable alarms, and diet coaches, though we expect strong spin-off to other sectors. Light.Touch.Matters will use a proprietary design-driven research methodology based a comprehensive body of industrial product design knowledge that has been built up over the past decades. It consists of iterated cycles of materials-inspired and design-driven materials research with direct and prolonged design-researcher interaction, leading to a convergence of the conceptual designs and feasible materials in 4-6 interaction showcases. Analysis of results will include end user value, commercial value and environmental impact (LCA/critical materials). The design-driven research on integrated piezo plastics and OLEDs can directly contribute to innovation and competitiveness in a large number of related sectors, many of which are strategic to the EU: not only design, (health)care and consumer goods, but also the chemical, automotive and printing industries, as well as mechanical-, electrical-, packaging- and systems engineering.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2012.1.1-2. | Award Amount: 4.89M | Year: 2012

Morphing in aircrafts has been studied and used throughout recent time in order to increase their flight envelope. This characteristic is of the upmost importance in order to offer a greater efficiency, versatility and performance during the assigned mission. Moreover an aircraft with the capability to adapt itself to each given situation is prone to achieve positive results to a range of different missions instead of requiring a specific aircraft to conduct one specific mission. The main objective of this project is to study and develop a novel morphing system which integrates up to four different morphing mechanisms into in a single wing and to demonstrate this new ability in flight. This system would take advantage of all the performance improvements achieved by adopting its wing shape according to the mission requirements of each flight phase. Therefore, this project envisions to mitigate the required energy (and thus fuel consumption) to maintain the aircrafts flight and to perform the necessary flight maneuvers by offering the capacity to mold the exterior of the aircraft in order to enhance the necessary aspect of flight so as to lessen the required energy, such as lift over drag ratio, efficiency in aerodynamic control, lower stall velocity or to change to a better planform to perform a required maneuver. In order to prepare the basis for an eventual cognitive morphing on-board controller which ability is focused in the autonomous control of all morphing system of the wing, it is necessary to develop a software that is capable of rendering the most efficient morphed wing based on the information of the current phase. This software would therefore, be able to conduct an assessment of the introduced flight conditions of the wing and display the accordant morphed wing (using a database with all current morphing systems) capable to fly with the highest performance.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2013.5.1.2 | Award Amount: 10.50M | Year: 2014

The key objective of the M4CO2 project is to develop and prototype Mixed Matrix Membranes based on highly engineered Metal organic frameworks and polymers (M4) that outperform current technology for CO2 Capture (CO2) in pre- and post-combustion, meeting the energy and cost reduction targets of the European SET plan. By applying the innovative concept of M4 by a consortium of world key players, continuous separation processes of unsurpassed energy efficiency will be realized as a gas-liquid phase change is absent, reducing the energy penalty and resulting in smaller CO2 footprints. Further, gas separation membrane units are safer, environmentally friendly and, in general, have smaller physical footprints than other types of plants like amine stripping. In this way this project aims at a quantum leap in energy reduction for CO2 separation with associated cost efficiency and environmental impact reduction. The developed membranes will allow CO2 capture at prices below 15 /ton CO2 ( 10-15 /MWh), amply meeting the targets of the European SET plan (90% of CO2 recovery at a cost lower than 25/MWh). This will be underpinned experimentally as well as through conceptual process designs and economic projections by the industrial partners. By developing optimized M4s, we will combine: i) easy manufacturing, ii) high fluxes per unit volume and iii) high selectivity through advanced material tailoring. The main barriers that we will take away are the optimization of the MOF-polymer interaction and selective transport through the composite, where chemical compatibility, filler morphology and dispersion, and polymer rigidity all play a key role. Innovatively the project will be the first systematic, integral study into this type of membranes with investigations at all relevant length scales; including the careful design of the polymer(s) and the tuning of MOF crystals targeting the application in M4s and the design of the separation process.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2012.3.5-2. | Award Amount: 30.50M | Year: 2013

Outstanding safety level of air transport is partly due to the two pilots standard. However situations where difficult flight conditions, system failures or cockpit crew incapacitation lead to peak workload conditions.The amount of information and actions to process may then exceed the crew capacity. Systems alleviating crew workload would improve safety. ACROSS Advanced Cockpit for Reduction of StreSs and workload - will develop new applications and HMI in a cockpit concept for all crew duties from gate to gate. Human factors, safety and certification will drive this approach. The new system will balance the crew capacity and the demand on crew resource. ACROSS workload gains will be assessed by pilots and experts. A Crew Monitoring environment will monitor physiological and behavioural parameters to assess workload and stress levels of pilots. A new indicator will consolidate flight situation and aircraft status into an indicator of the need for crew resource. If this need becomes higher than available crew resource, cockpit applications and systems will adapt to the new situation : a) Decision support: cockpit interfaces will adapt to focus crew on needed actions, b) Prioritisation: non-critical applications/information will be muted in favor of critical elements, c) Progressive automation: crew actions not directly relevant with the situation will be automated, d) Decision sharing: in case of persistent crisis situation, an automatic information link with the ground will be established to further assist the crew. In extreme situation where both pilots are incapacitated, further steps will be: a) Full automation: measures to maintain the aircraft on a safe trajectory, then reroute to nearest airport and autoland. b) Decision handling: mechanisms allowing ground crew to remotely fly the aircraft. ACROSS groups a large team of key European stakeholders. They are committed to deliver innovation in the field of air transport safety.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.7 | Award Amount: 2.77M | Year: 2008

Manufacturing systems, power networks, transportation systems, road traffic networks, process plants, and other large-scale networked systems are often composed of multiple subsystems, with many embedded sensors and actuators, and characterised by complex dynamics and mutual influences such that local control decisions have long-range effects throughout the system. This results in a huge number of problems that must be tackled for the design of an overall control system in order to achieve a safe, efficient, and robust operation. Otherwise, serious disasters and malfunctions could occur (such as the breakdown of the power grid in North America and in Italy in 2003).To deal with these problems and to cope with the complexity of the control task, we propose to use a hierarchical control set-up in which the control tasks are distributed over time and space. In such a set-up, systems of supervisory and strategic functionality reside at higher levels, while at lower levels the single units, or local agents, must guarantee specific operational objectives. At any level, the local agents must negotiate their outcomes and requirements with lower and higher levels. We will develop methods for designing controllers for complex large-scale systems based on such a hierarchical control framework. In particular, we propose to use Model Predictive Control (MPC), which has already proven its usefulness for control of small-scale systems, but which cannot yet be applied to large-scale systems due to computational, coordination, and communication problems. We will solve these issues and develop new MPC methods for large-scale networked systems, both under normal operation conditions, and in the presence of uncertainty and disturbances.We will perform both fundamental research and more application-oriented research in which the methods developed in the project are applied to case studies and benchmarks provided by the partners from industry.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2012.8.8.2 | Award Amount: 26.01M | Year: 2013

The CELSIUS City Consortium is going to deploy 12 new technically and economically innovative demonstrators. Another up to 20 state-of-art demonstrators (already in operation) will proof the CELSIUS City Concept covering the full FP7 8.8.2 requirements. CELSIUS has a clear strategy and a pro-active approach to Market Outreach, which will strive to commit 50 new cities to the CELSIUS Roadmap by the end of 2016. When fully implemented, this will lead to 20-45 TWh reduction in the use of primary energy p.a. CELSIUS City is well positioned to deliver those targets due a strong partnership of major front running European cities and their respective utilities, and further outstanding innovative organizations, with track records both in creating technically and economically innovative demonstrators, as well as in understanding and overcoming the barriers for large scale deployment (e.g. Imperial College (UK), SP (S), TU Delft (NL), Cologne University of Applied Sciences (D), DAppalonia (IT), LSE (UK)). CELSIUS has eight work packages targeting on the successful deployment of the 13 new demonstrators (WP3), supported by a collaborative approach to harvest beyond state-of-the-art insights from Tech & Innovation (WP5) and Stakeholder Acceptance (WP6). The local demonstrator perspective is enriched by the Integration & Roadmap (WP2). The final goal for Communication & Market Outreach (WP8) is based on developing the CELSIUS in the Market Uptake (WP7). A powerful project management office (WP1), seconded by rigor monitoring (WP4), coordinates all work packages and assuring over the time of the CELSIUS Consortium, both impactful deployment and sustainable market outreach. The total cost of the CELSIUS 13 new demonstrators is 69m EUR, of which the cities themselves will provide 55m EUR. The requested EU funding enables these activities laying the foundation for the successful large scale deployment of the CELSIUS City Concept across Europe and beyond 2020.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2010.3.2.1-1 | Award Amount: 2.22M | Year: 2011

Cultural heritage monitoring comprehends a sum of technologies, protocols and studies which need to be modernized and automated to reduce costs and process time. Current spectroscopy permits the study and characterisation of the surface of artworks by the inspection of specific spectral bands, by means of different techniques. As a consequence, the sets of results are often difficult or slow to link, compare or process in order to generate global information about the piece-in-study. In this way, a set of analysis processes must be performed over the artwork, involving piece moving, manipulation, transportation, etc, and therefore putting the artwork at risk of deterioration. The main target of SYDDARTA is to develop a pre-industrial prototype for diagnosing the deterioration on movable assets by the acquisition of 3D-hyperspectral imaging through scanning non-destructive techniques. Such images contain spectroscopic information of the piece to be analysed in different bands of the spectrum, giving chemical composition information of the different materials and layers in the actual 3D surface by means of a very narrow screening bandwidth and the use of volumetric digitisation. These analyses are carried out combining mapping, spectroscopic and image processing techniques, based on tunable filters and customised light sources. The expected prototype will be a new portable type of equipment to use in the preventive conservation and monitoring of movable cultural assets and will provide enormous data sets by non-destructive characterisation techniques. Moreover, the equipment will make use a specific database of materials and pigments monitoring that will be exploited as well. The merging of the technologies involved will be suitable for fast authentication and traceability of cultural assets and will improve the monitoring and conservation of artworks in general, as well as facilitating art digitisation sharing between the cultural organisations across Europe. In addition, the expected project results will not be specific to the art and heritage cultural sector, and may be applied to other fields of research, engineering or industry, for example, for biomedicine, manufacturing, food industry, chemistry or recycling. This means a wider market impact and a greater societal benefit inside and out the European Union.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2008.10.1.2;NMP-2008-2.6-1 | Award Amount: 3.59M | Year: 2009

To address the challenges of photon capture and energy conversion, we will investigate solar-driven hydrogen production via photoelectrochemical water splitting. Although the concept is extremely attractive as a method of sustainable fuel production, no single material with acceptable performance, stability, and cost has been found, despite decades of investigation. To address this significant challenge, we will use new concepts and methods, afforded by nanotechnology, to design innovative composite nanostructures in which each component performs specialized functions. These novel nanocomposites will decrease the number of criteria that any single component must meet, thus overcoming the basic materials limitations that have hindered development. Computational studies will be used to assist in the selection of optimal material pairings and a wealth of advanced analytical techniques will be employed to improve the understanding of structure-composition-property relationships. As a final objective, we will use NanoPECs innovations to develop a 1 square-centimeter test device that converts solar energy to hydrogen energy with a sustained 10% efficiency and a maximum performance decay of 10% over the first 5,000 hours of operation and a 100 square-centimeter test device with a sustained 7% efficiency and similar stability, representing a performance standard that goes well beyond the state-of-the-art. NanoPECs innovative research will redefine the field of photoelectrochemistry and place Europe at the forefront of nanoscience and nanotechnology research by contributing to leadership in this strategically important area.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2013.2.5-2 | Award Amount: 3.75M | Year: 2014

Some progress has been made in understanding and managing cyber crime as well assessing its economic impact. Yet much remains to be done. Lack of co-ordination in law enforcement and legislation, lack of common consensus on the nature of cyber crime and lack of knowledge sharing and trust are just some of the issues that both afflict cyber crime responses and cloud our understanding of cyber crime. E-CRIME addresses these well-known problems, while analysing the economic impact of cyber crime and developing concrete measures to manage risks and deter cyber criminals in non-ICT sectors. E-CRIME does so by adopting an interdisciplinary and multi-level-stakeholder focused approach that fully integrates a wide range of stakeholders knowledge and insights into the project. First, the project will create a detailed taxonomy and inventory of cyber crime in non-ICT sectors and analyse cyber criminal structures and economies by combining the best existing data sources with specialist new insights from key stakeholders and experts. Second, E-CRIME will assess existing counter-measures against cyber crime in non-ICT sectors in the form of current technology, best practices, policy and enforcement approaches, and awareness and trust initiatives. Third, having mapped the as-is of cyber crime, the project will use available information and new data to develop a multi-level model to measure the economic impact of cyber crime on non ICT-sectors. Fourth, E-CRIME will integrate all its previous findings to identify and develop diverse, concrete counter-measures, combined in portfolios of inter-sector and intra-sector solutions, including enhancement for crime-proofed applications, risk management tools, policy and best practices, and trust and confidence measures. The analysis will proceed in close co-operation with relevant and diverse stakeholders. This will be achieved through conducting interviews and survey, organising workshops and setting up an E-CRIME Stakeholder Forum.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2013.7.2.1 | Award Amount: 10.86M | Year: 2013

Power system reliability management means to take decisions under increasing uncertainty (for instance, related to renewable generation). It aims to maintain power system performance at a desired level, while minimizing the socio-economic costs of keeping the power system at that performance level. Seven TSOs (Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Iceland, Norway), together with eleven RTD performers, propose the four year GARPUR research project. GARPUR designs, develops, assesses and evaluates new system reliability criteria and management while maximizing social welfare as they are progressively implemented over the next decades at a pan-European level. The new management methodologies encompass multiple business activities (system development, asset management, power system operation) that, in turn, ensure coherent decision-making at the respective time horizons. These methodologies also involve mathematical and computational models to predict the location, duration and amount of power supply interruptions. Five alternatives to improve reliability management of the pan-European power system are studied. After practical validation by the TSOs, these alternatives are analysed with the help of a quantification platform. Pilot tests of the new proposed reliability criteria are performed by individual TSOs or (when appropriate) a group of TSOs using this quantification platform, either in a given control zone or (where appropriate) throughout the pan-European system. Reliability criteria are compared and presented to the TSO community and regulatory authorities who establish the robustness of the results. Dissemination activities of the new reliability criteria are supported by a Reference Group of TSOs and address all the key electricity market stakeholders. An implementation roadmap is delivered for the deployment of the resulting technical and regulatory solutions to keep the pan-European system reliability at optimal socio-economic levels.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SPIRE-05-2015 | Award Amount: 6.00M | Year: 2015

In ADREM, leading industries and university groups in process intensification, catalytic reactor engineering and process control team up to address the domain of resource- and energy-efficient valorisation of variable methane feedstocks to C2\ hydrocarbons. The development of new and intensified adaptable catalytic reactor systems for flexible and decentralized production at high process performance is in focus, able to operate with changing feedstock composition and deliver on-demand the required product distribution by switching selected operational/control parameters and/or changing modular catalyst cartridges. In the long term, we expect the reactors to operate energy- and emission-lean using green electricity as the direct, primary energy source. In order to converge to the optimal design, the project will utilize the unique integral, four-domain process intensification (PI) methodology, pioneered by the consortium. This is the only approach able to deliver a fully intensified equipment/process. The key feature is the systematic, simultaneous addressing of the four domains: spatial, thermodynamic, functional and temporal. ADREM will provide: highly innovative, economic and environmentally friendly processes and equipment for efficient transformation of methane into useful chemicals and liquid fuels, for which monetary savings of more than 10% are expected. process technologies applying flexible modular one-step process with high selectivity for valorisation of methane from various sources. modular (and containerized and mobile) reactors permitting flexible adaptation of the plant size to demand and also utilizing smaller or temporary sources of methane or other feeds. The project will employ emerging reactor technologies coupled to especially designed catalytic systems to address a variety of scenarios embodying methane valorisation. The concepts developed can be later readily extrapolated on other types of catalytic processes of similar sizes.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: Fission-2008-5.1.1 | Award Amount: 1.97M | Year: 2009

The project covers the structuring, organisation, coordination and implementation of training schemes in cooperation with local, national and international training organisations, to provide training to professionals active in nuclear organisations or their contractors and subcontractors. The training schemes provide a portfolio of courses, training sessions, seminars and workshops for continuous learning, for upgrading knowledge and developing skills. The training schemes allow the individual to acquire qualifications and skills, as required by specific positions in the nuclear sector, which will be documented in a training passport. The essence of such passport is to be recognised within the EU by the whole nuclear sector, which provides mobility to the individual looking for employment and an EU wide recruitment field for the nuclear employers. The recognition is subject to qualification and validation of the training courses according to a set of commonly agreed criteria, which can be ratified by law or established on a consensus basis within a network. The training schemes cover profiles for each of the following: - the basic training in selected nuclear topics of non nuclear engineers and personnel of nuclear facilities contractors and subcontractors; - the technical training for the design and construction challenges of GEN III plants, and the design of GEN IV plants. The training schemes consists of three distinct phases: - Courses, seminars, learning, scientific and technical visits, case studies; - Participation to selected activities within the scope of the training in different organisations; - Autonomous conduction of activities within the scope of the training under supervision of a mentor in one or in different organisations The first phase can be provided by universities and training centers, the second and third phases can be provided by industries, research centers and future employers.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: Fission-2008-2.1.2 | Award Amount: 10.31M | Year: 2009

The target of the proposed NURISP Collaborative Project is to make new and significant steps towards a European Reference Simulation Platform for applications relevant to present PWR and BWR and to future reactors. The roadmap of this Simulation Platform will be proposed to be part of the future Strategic Research Agenda of the Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology Platform (SNE-TP). The first step towards this ambitious target has been made during the FP6 NURESIM Integrated Project. The NURISP project will start from this basis and develop further the already common and well-proven NURESIM informatics platform. It will also strengthen and enlarge the united team of top level international experts already federated during the NURESIM project and it will transform it into a European pole of excellence in reactor safety computation. The platform will provide a more accurate representation of the physical phenomena by developing and incorporating into best estimate codes the latest advances in core physics, two-phase thermal-hydraulics and fuel modelling. The project will also develop significant capacities for multiscale and multiphysics calculations, and for deterministic and statistical sensitivity and uncertainty analysis, facilitating their use in a generic environment. The individual models, solvers and codes integrated into the platform will be verified, validated and demonstrated through benchmarks (some of them using NEA or IAEA databanks) corresponding to present and future PWR, VVER and BWR challenging applications. Through the Users Group, European Nuclear Utilities, Vendors, Technical Safety Organisations, Regulators, Universities and Research Labs will be able to share this reference tool, contribute to its qualification, and develop its potential; thus enabling an effective European Research Area to take a worldwide leading position in the numerical simulation of nuclear reactors.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.1 | Award Amount: 4.14M | Year: 2010

MACALO has two main deliverables, one in software and one in hardware which form the core business of the two European high-tech companies in the consortium. The MACALO consortium consists of pioneers of MAgnetoCALOritronics who cover the complete chain from SME start-up company innovation in hardware and software, device simulation and fabrication, benchmark measurements, computational materials science, and basic science, who are committed to employ their expertise to realize the main objectives. The primary goals of MACALO are\n\n1)\tto produce a working prototype of a computer simulation tool to help optimise integrated magnetoelectronic device design parameters at the nanoscale and\n\n2)\tdesign and prototype nano-scale magnetoelectronic RF oscillators with different combinations of desirable properties, optimisable subsequently (through further company research) for specific applications in wireless communication devices.\n\nAchieving these goals assists replacing the current systems of YIG oscillators, MRAM, and transistors with next generation magnetoelectronic Spin Torque Oscillators, ST-RAM, and transistors by finding material combinations, currently based on suboptimal experimental trial and error systems, using a set of theories, principles, tools and methods that accelerate the development of new devices with improved/optimised properties.\n\nManaging the increased heat and noise in the next generation of electronics is a great challenge. MAgneto CALOitronics (MACALO) addresses the modelling and control of the generation and flow of heat in beyond-CMOS magnetoelectronics circuits and devices. The results are relevant for thermal management of conventional CMOS and novel architectures beyond-CMOS such as low power, low-noise devices, thermally assisted memory devices, and interconnects.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: NFRP-01-2014 | Award Amount: 6.64M | Year: 2015

The thermal-hydraulics Simulations and Experiments for the Safety Assessment of Metal cooled reactor (SESAME) project supports the development of European liquid metal cooled reactors (ASTRID, ALFRED, MYRRHA, SEALER). The project focusses on pre-normative, fundamental, safety-related, challenges for these reactors with the following objectives: Development and validation of advanced numerical approaches for the design and safety evaluation of advanced reactors; Achievement of a new or extended validation base by creation of new reference data; Establishment of best practice guidelines, Verification & Validation methodologies, and uncertainty quantification methods for liquid metal fast reactor thermal hydraulics. The SESAME project will improve the safety of liquid metal fast reactors by making available new safety related experimental results and improved numerical approaches. These will allow system designers to improve the safety relevant equipment leading to enhanced safety standards and culture. Due to the fundamental and generic nature of SESAME, developments will be of relevance also for the safety assessment of contemporary light water reactors. By extending the knowledge basis, SESAME will allow the EU member states to develop robust safety policies. At the same time, SESAME will maintain and further develop the European experimental facilities and numerical tools. The consortium of 25 partners provides American-European-wide scientific and technological excellence in liquid metal thermal hydraulics, as well as full alignment with ESNII and with NUGENIA where of interest. A close interaction with the European liquid metal cooled reactor design teams is foreseen involving them in the Senior Advisory Committee. They will actively advise on the content of the project and will be the prime end-users, ensuring their innovative reactor designs will reach highest safety standards using frontier scientific developments.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2008.10.1.2;NMP-2008-2.6-1 | Award Amount: 2.09M | Year: 2009

The objective of the SOLAMON project is to develop high potential Plasmon Generating Nanocomposite Materials (PGNM) which will pave the way to the generation III solar cells (high efficiency & low cost). The objective is an augmentation in the External Quantum Efficiency resulting in an increase of 20% in the short circuit current density of the thin film solar cells. To achieve such an ambitious goal, the project will focus on the development of fully tailored building block nanoparticles able to generate a plasmon effect for enhanced solar absorption in thin film solar cells. Such nanoparticles designed for an optimum absorption will be integrated in solar cells matrix using a recently developed room temperature deposition process. This step will result in the specific design of PGNM for solar cells using a knowledge based approach coupling modeling at both scales: nanoscopic (plasmonic structure) and macroscopic (solar cells). SOLAMON will address three different classes of solar cells: a-Si:H thin films, organics and dye sensitised. Developing the PGNM on these three classes aims at maximizing the project impact and not to compare them because scientific background acquired on these technologies could be easily transferred to other ones. As a matter of fact, a-Si:H technology targets mainly the BuiIding Integrated PV (BIPV) market (large surfaces) whereas the two others are most suitable for the consumer good market (nomad applications). The project workprogram, the critical path and the contingencies plans are designed to maximize both social and economic impact. For this reason, the BIPV applications (i.e. a-Si:H based technology) will be firstly considered when a strategic choice occurs, keeping in mind that, even of large economic importance, the two other technologies do not have the same key BIPV environmental and social impact.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: WASTE-3-2014 | Award Amount: 7.67M | Year: 2015

EU28 currently generates 461 million tons per year of ever more complex construction and demolition waste (C&DW) with average recycling rates of around 46%. There is still a significant loss of potential valuable minerals, metals and organic materials all over Europe. The main goal of HISER project is to develop and demonstrate novel cost-effective technological and non-technological holistic solutions for a higher recovery of raw materials from ever more complex C&DW, by considering circular economy approaches throughout the building value chain (from the End-of-Life Buildings to new Buildings). The following solutions are proposed: - Harmonized procedures complemented with an intelligent tool and a supply chain tracking system, for highly-efficient sorting at source in demolition and refurbishment works. - Advanced sorting and recycling technologies for the production and automated quality assessment of high-purity raw materials from complex C&DW. - Development of optimized building products (low embodied energy cements, green concretes, bricks, plasterboards and gypsum plasters, extruded composites) through the partial replacement of virgin raw materials by higher amounts of secondary high-purity raw materials recovered from complex C&DW. These solutions will be demonstrated in demolition projects and 5 case studies across Europe. Moreover, the economic and environmental impact of the HISER solutions will be quantified, from a life cycle perspective (LCA/LCC), and policy and standards recommendations encouraging the implementation of the best solutions will be drafted. HISER will contribute to higher levels of recovered materials from C&DW from 212 Mt in 2014, to 359 Mt in 2020 and 491 Mt by ca. 2030, on the basis of the increase in the recovery of aggregates, from 40% (169 Mt) to more than 80% (394 t) and wood, from 31% (2.4 Mt) to 55% (5 Mt);. Similarly, unlocking valuable raw materials currently not exploited is foreseen, namely some metals and emerging flows.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SEC-2013.2.4-1 | Award Amount: 48.35M | Year: 2014

CORE will consolidate, amplify, extend and demonstrate EU knowledge and capabilities and international co-operation for securing supply chains whilst maintaining or improving business performance, with specific reference to key Supply Chain Corridors. CORE will be driven by the requirements of: the Customs, law enforcement authorities, and other agencies nationally and internationally to increase effectiveness of security & trade compliance, without increasing the transaction costs for business and to increase co-operative security risk management (supervision & control); the business communities, specifically shippers, forwarders, terminal operators, carriers and financial stakeholders to integrate compliance and trade facilitation concepts like green lanes and pre-clearance with supply chain visibility and optimisation. CORE will consolidate solutions developed in Reference Projects in each supply chain sector (port, container, air, post). Implementation-driven R&D will be then undertaken designed to discover gaps and practical problems and to develop capabilities and solutions that could deliver sizable and sustainable progress in supply chain security across all EU Member States and on a global scale.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: BIOTEC-03-2016 | Award Amount: 6.24M | Year: 2016

CHASSY will unlock the full potential of the yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Yarrowia lipolytica and Kluyveromyces marxianus as cell factories for production of high value compounds which have applications in the cosmetic, nutraceutical and white biotechnology sectors. Current cell factory strains for these classes of product are restricted to proof-of-principle levels because of limited precursor supply, poor product tolerance and lack of versatility. CHASSY addresses these challenges by redesigning metabolic circuits and expanding the host range to include the oleaginous yeast, Y. lipolytica and the thermotolerant yeast, K. marxianus. The systems biology approach will integrate model-based design, construction and analysis of yeast strains, resulting in reconfigured metabolic networks optimised for the production of lipid and aromatic molecules. Construction of the chassis strains, using new and existing synthetic biology tools, will be directed by knowledge derived from a thorough systems biology comparison of the three yeast species, conducted using integrative data analysis and genome scale metabolic models. The chassis strains will be used to build cell factories to produce three specific high value products: the oleochemicals, Docosanol and Octanoic acid; and the aromatic molecule, Amorfrutin 1. These new cell factory strains will be evaluated under industrial conditions to produce data that will further improve the chassis platforms. The major outcomes of this project will be (1) a new set of chassis yeast strains that are widely applicable for development of industrial cell factories; (2) the knowledge and technology to readily build and evaluate new chassis tailored to specific applications; (3) prototype cell factory strains producing three high value metabolites for commercial exploitation; (4) a dissemination and exploitation strategy to ensure that European SMEs benefit from the knowledge base, platform chassis and resources generated in CHASSY.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-3.1-2016 | Award Amount: 5.58M | Year: 2016

SafeClouds is a research project supported by EASA and powered by a full spectrum of aviation stakeholders (Airlines, Airports, ANSPs, Eurocontrol, Research Entities, Safety Agencies) that develops cutting-edge technologies for aviation safety assurance in a cost-effective manner. SafeClouds proposes a data-driven approach to achieve a deeper understanding of the dynamics of the system, where risks are pro-actively identified and mitigated in a continuous effort to enhance the already excellent European aviation safety records. SafeClouds develops an innovative aviation safety data analysis approach. Currently each stakeholder owns different isolated datasets and data-sharing paradigms are rare. However, the combination of those datasets is critical in discovering unknown safety hazards and in understanding and defining a performance-based system safety concept. The new data-driven paradigm, capable of extracting safety intelligence in a fast, connected and inexpensive way requires the collaboration of aviation and IT entities sharing their raw datasets, tools, techniques and information. SafeClouds high level objectives are: - To define a user-requirement driven approach for data mining in aviation safety, covering several current safety challenges within airlines and runway operations. - To develop novel data structures and safety intelligence representation. Given the complexity of the datasets, SafeClouds aims to solve their current challenges in data handling and knowledge discovery. - To develop the proof of concept and validate in a laboratory the safety data analysis paradigms, at different levels: historical analysis, predictive analytics, automatic safety data monitoring and unknown hazards identification. - To assemble a group of entities that encompasses the entire data-cycle for a unified, achievable vision for the future of safety analytics in Europe, including: users, data providers, data infrastructure researchers, operators and data scientists.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2012.3.1-2. | Award Amount: 4.19M | Year: 2012

Urban mobility is of growing concern to citizens. To be more efficient urban mobility systems require a greater integration at urban level (city and its hinterland). Interchanges need to better integrate: - various urban transport modes, which can be urban, regional and long distance; - urban transport and land use; - urban transport networks; - transport and non transport related services. Not only will this provide a better management of transport and non-transport related services, it will also improve the functioning of the city in a global economy, as well as favour a greater use of environmentally friendly modes, and especially public transport. In order to support European cities in the design and operation of new or upgraded interchanges, NODES will produce Guidelines and a Toolbox on five topics which cover the key functions of interchanges: 1. Strategies for integrated land use planning with urban passenger infrastructure planning 2. Innovative approaches relating to the design of new or upgraded efficient transport interchanges 3. Intermodal operations and information provision 4. Management and business models: the interchange as business case for the local economy and in itself 5. Energy efficient and environmental friendly interchanges On the basis of the State of the art and analysis of User needs and requirements, these Guidelines and Toolbox will consist in Performance Criteria and Indicators, a selection of which will lead to a set of Key Performance Indicators. The guidelines and tools will be applied in reference sites where interchanges are being upgraded or built, which will validate the tools and their efficiency. The Evaluation and the feedback from the application sites will allow a review and possibly an improvement of the tools and guidelines. Dissemination and Communication activities will establish the NODES toolbox as a reference in Europe and will support its transfer and application to a greater number of cities.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-10-2015 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2016

The project aims at shows the potential of open data to citizens, by creating open playgrounds where citizens, students, experts, start up companies, academia and public institutions can collaborate to generate meaningful applications. Thus, applications that meet citizens needs and desires and contribute to their everyday life. The playground is a virtual and physical place where citizens, interest groups, movements can find a reference to generate new solutions. Likewise fablabs, which are disclosing new opportunities for bottom-up production by manipulating materials, the O4C playgrounds disclose new opportunities in re-using open data. The playgrounds are defined through a series of hackathons involving several stakeholders, including citizens, communities, grassroots groups, students, start-up companies and representatives from public institutions or service providers. Together they work on hackathon cycles, to co-create new solutions for existing or future services based on the use of data. These include but are not limited to the data coming from the existing networks of devices, sensors and microcomputers part of our city infrastructures, and the user-generated data deriving from the citizens voluntary publication of information, positioning data or other personal data. The outcome of the project is therefore the conceptual definition and methodological underpinnings of the O4C playground, and a proof of concept consisting of the innovative solutions generated in the hackathons. The O4C playground is not just a place (the O4C lab) or an event (the hackathon), but an integrated system of engagement, participation and co-design tools that will support the cooperation between the various stakeholders. The social impact of this project does not just lay on the individual solutions developed at the hackathons, but also in the reduced distance between open data and citizens: increasingly data are available and more citizens are empowered to use them.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC5-06-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 5.88M | Year: 2016

EUCalc replies to topic a) Managing technology transition. The EUCalc project will deliver a much needed comprehensive framework for research, business, and decision making which enables an appraisal of synergies and trade-offs of feasible decarbonisation pathways on the national scale of Europe and its member countries \ Switzerland. The novel and pragmatic modelling approach is rooted between pure complex energy system and emissions models and integrated impact assessment tools, introduces an intermediate level of complexity and a multi-sector approach and is developed in a co-design process with scientific and societal actors. EUCalc explores decisions made in different sectors, like power generation, transport, industry, agriculture, energy usage and lifestyles in terms of climatological, societal, and economic consequences. For politicians at European and member state level, stakeholders and innovators EUCalc will therefore provide a Transition Pathways Explorer, which can be used as a much more concrete planning tool for the needed technological and societal challenges, associated inertia and lock-in effects. EUCalc will enable to address EU sustainability challenges in a pragmatic way without compromising on scientific rigour. It is meant to become a widely used democratic tool for policy and decision making. It will close - based on sound model components - a gap between actual climate-energy-system models and an increasing demands of decision makers for information at short notice. This will be supported by involving an extended number of decision-makers from policy and business as well as other stakeholders through expert consultations and the co-design of a Transition Pathways Explorer, a My Europe 2050 education tool and a Massive Open Online Course.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: LCE-03-2015 | Award Amount: 25.07M | Year: 2016

DESTRESS is aimed at creating EGS (Enhanced geothermal systems) reservoirs with sufficient permeability, fracture orientation and spacing for economic use of underground heat. The concepts are based on experience in previous projects, on scientific progress and developments in other fields, mainly the oil & gas sector. Recently developed stimulation methods will be adapted to geothermal needs, applied to new geothermal sites and prepared for the market uptake. Understanding of risks in each area (whether technological, in business processes, for particular business cases, or otherwise), risk ownership, and possible risk mitigation will be the scope of specific work packages. The DESTRESS concept takes into account the common and specific issues of different sites, representative for large parts of Europe, and will provide a generally applicable workflow for productivity enhancement measures. The main focus will be on stimulation treatments with minimized environmental hazard (soft stimulation), to enhance the reservoir in several geological settings covering granites, sandstones, and other rock types. The business cases will be shown with cost and benefit estimations based on the proven changes of the system performance, and the environmental footprint of treatments and operation of the site will be controlled. In particular, the public debate related to fracking will be addressed by applying specific concepts for the mitigation of damaging seismic effects while constructing a productive reservoir and operating a long-term sustainable system. Industrial participation is particularly pronounced in DESTRESS, including large energy suppliers as well as SMEs in the process of developing their sites. The composition of the consortium involving major knowledge institutes as well as key industry will guarantee the increase in technology performance of EGS as well as an accelerated time to market.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2011.1.6 | Award Amount: 5.99M | Year: 2011

The goal of EINS is coordinating and integrating European research aimed at achieving a deeper multidisciplinary understanding of the development of the Internet as a societal and technological artefact, whose evolution is increasingly interwined with that of human societies. Its main objective is to allow an open and productive dialogue between all the disciplines which study Internet systems under any technological or humanistic perspective, and which in turn are being transformed by the continuous advances in Internet functionalities and applications. EINS will bring together research institutions focusing on network engineering, computation, complexity, security, trust, mathematics, physics, sociology, game theory, economics, political sciences, humanities, law, energy, transport, artistic expression, and any other relevant social and life sciences.\nThis multidisciplinary bridging of the different disciplines may also be seen as the starting point for a new Internet Science, the theoretical and empirical foundation for an holistic understanding of the complex techno-social interactions related to the Internet. It is supposed to inform the future technological, social, political choices concerning Internet technologies, infrastructures and policies made by the various public and private stakeholders, for example as for the far-ended possible consequences of architectural choices on social, economic, environmental or political aspects, and ultimately on quality of life at large.\nThe individual contributing disciplines will themselves benefit from a more holistic understanding of the Internet principles and in particular of the network effect. The unprecedented connectivity offered by the Internet plays a role often underappreciated in most of them; whereas the Internet provides both an operational development platform and a concrete empirical and experimental model. These multi- and inter-disciplinary investigations will improve the design of elements of Future Internet, enhance the understanding of its evolving and emerging implications at societal level, and possibly identify universal principles for understanding the Internet-based world that will be fed back to the participating disciplines. EINS will:\nCoordinate the investigation, from a multi-disciplinary perspective, of specific topics at the intersection between humanistic and technological sciences, such as privacy & identity, reputation, virtual communities, security & resilience, network neutrality\nLay the foundations for an Internet Science, based i.a. on Network Science and Web Science, aiming at understanding the impact of the network effect on human societies & organisations, as for technological, economic, social & environmental aspects\nProvide concrete incentives for academic institutions and individual researchers to conduct studies across multiple disciplines, in the form of online journals, conferences, workshops, PhD courses, schools, contests, and open calls


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2013-1 | Award Amount: 1.49M | Year: 2013

The OPTI-VFA project focuses on improving the reliability, efficiency and profitability of AD processes by novel process monitoring and controlling tools. The main emphasis in the project will be in the development of production of VFA (Volatile Fatty Acids) as a route to bio-based materials, i.e. so-called VFA platform. In the VFA platform, the real time monitoring of VFA production will be of fundamental importance in the success of the further development of this process scheme. In the future scenarios, this platform is foreseen to play an important role in the material recycling in the bio-based economy. The number of operating agricultural anaerobic digestion (AD) plants has remained insupportable low, despite the numerous environmental advantages of AD process. Therefore, these tools are also applied in the conventional biogas production. The main challenges in the traditional biogas production are high investment costs of digesters, low profitability of biogas and energy production as well as the stability problems of operation especially in co-digestion plants. In this process scheme, the more efficient process control provides an approach to reduce the size and price of newly-built digesters, or to improve the performance and profitability of existing AD plants. The technological development in the process instrumentation in the OPTI-VFA project will focus on the MEMS-Fabry Perot based spectrometer and the science based calibration (SBC) method together with supervisory control and data acquisition systems for the effective control and optimization of both VFA and conventional biogas production. In all, an OPTI-VFA prototype with these new process instrumentation and automation features will be designed, fabricated, calibrated and tested in a modern AD pilot plant. The participating SMEs in the OPTI-VFA consortium cover the entire value chain in the monitoring and controlling business including sub-contractors for instrument vendors, a monitoring instrument vendor, a process automation company, AD process equipment vendor and an end-user company an AD operator.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2009-1 | Award Amount: 1.60M | Year: 2009

Project WASTEKIT anticipates on three drivers: 1. Societal & economic attention for sustainability & specific waste management; 2. Waste management-related regional economic development; 3. Network of networks for European innovation and competitiveness excellence. It has the following objectives: 1. Expand ambitions of regions with respect to regional economic development based on waste management RTD, innovation & business creation; 2. Expand international & mentoring roles of waste management-related actors; 3. Create an international role as a European network of (regional) waste management-related clusters. Result indicators are linked to the objectives. Four regions particpate: Emilia-Romagna region (Italy), Yorkshire & Humber region (UK), Sofia region (Bulgaria) and Amsterdam region (the Netherlands). Regions of Knowledge experiences gave the consortium argument that 4 regions will lead to high (regional) impact potentials looking at characteristics of waste management infrastructures and RTD & innovation processes. Each region is represented via triple helix actors: regional/local authority or related organisation, knowledge institution and company, including linkages with intermediary actors. 19 consortium partners contribute to WASTEKIT. AIM is proposed coordinator. This partner has coordinating experiences regarding a Regions of Knowledge project. The consortium sees fruitful waste domains like waste to energy, recycling, agricultural/bio waste, and waste prevention & minimisation. The consortium invests in mentoring mechanisms; this leads to a focus on mentoring regions on waste disposal. The consortium acknowledges the methodologies & approaches (like Joint Action Plan definition & activation) as suggested in the call for proposal Regions of Knowledge. The project has three phases: Analysis Phase (WP2), Synthesis Phase & Measures (WP3, WP4), Mentoring & Dissemination Phase (WP5, WP6 & WP7). WP1 contains project management.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SST.2013.4-1. | Award Amount: 6.59M | Year: 2013

The 2012 guidelines on the attained Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) for new ships (MEPC.212(63)) represent a major step forward in implementing the REGULATIONS ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF SHIPS (resolution MEPC.203(62)). There are, however, serious concerns regarding the sufficiency of propulsion power and of steering devices to maintain the manoeuvrability of ships in adverse conditions, hence the safety of ships. This gave reason for additional considerations and studies at IMO (MEPC 64/4/13). Furthermore, whereas present EEDI regulations concern the limitation of toxic gas emissions by ship operation, what is a new constraint in ship design and operation, it necessary to look holistically into this and find the right balance between efficiency, economy, safety and greenness. The aim of the proposed research project is to address the above by: further development and refinement of high fidelity, hydrodynamic simulation software tools for the efficient analysis of the manoeuvring performance and safety of ships in complex environmental conditions; Performing seakeeping/manoeuvring model tests in combined seaway/wind environment for different ship types, to provide the required basis for the validation of results obtained by numerical simulations, whereas full scale measurements available to the consortium will be exploited; Integrating validated software tools into a ship design software platform and set-up of a multi-objective optimization procedure; Investigating the impact of the proposed new guidelines on the design and operational characteristics of various ship types; investigating in parallel the impact on EEDI by the developed integrated/holistic optimisation procedure in a series of case studies; development of new guidelines for the required minimum propulsion power and steering performance to maintain manoeuvrability in adverse conditions; preparing and submitting to IMO a summary of results and recommendations for further consideration.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: PHC-11-2015 | Award Amount: 5.86M | Year: 2016

Breast cancer represents a leading cause of cancer death in women and a major socio-economic issue. With currently available methods, early diagnosis frequently fails. Moreover, beyond mere detection, there is an ever-increasing need for improved non-invasive characterisation of cancer. Targeted therapies require an in-depth analysis of cancer to select and guide appropriate treatment. Both, PET and MRI can provide molecular and functional information that may be of pivotal importance for tailoring therapy. However, current whole-body PET/MRI systems lack the necessary sensitivity and resolution for this task. HYPMED addresses this by engineering an innovative imaging tool. HYPMED will integrate an innovative fully-digital MRI-transparent PET-detector into a novel multi-channel PET-transparent MRI surface coil. The PET-RF insert will allow unprecedented imaging of breast cancer with high-resolution/ultra-high sensitivity PET, combined with high-level structural and functional MRI, and allow minimal-invasive MR- and PET-guided targeted biopsy. Moreover with such PET-RF inserts, every regular clinical MR-system can, upon demand, be turned into a hybrid system. We will evaluate the impact of this technology on breast cancer diagnosis, prediction, and monitoring/assessment of treatment response by a carefully designed clinical study that employs established and novel PET tracers in 250 patients. Imaging data will be correlated with established and novel molecular biomarkers; results will be compared to those obtained from whole-body PET/MRI and PET/CT. A multidisciplinary consortium of clinical scientists, 3 SMEs and an industry partner will pave the way for commercialization of HYPMED products for advanced clinical decision making in cancer patients. Once HYPMED is successful, we will expand this approach to other applications such as prostate cancer or cardiac hybrid imaging, and thus introduce a paradigm shift in the field of PET/MR hybrid imaging as a whole.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-07-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 5.67M | Year: 2016

The NextBase project, involving 8 research institutions and 6 companies, deals with the development of innovative high-performance c-Si solar cells and modules based on the interdigitated back-contacted silicon heterojunction (IBC-SHJ) solar cell concept targeting cells with efficiency above 26.0% and corresponding solar modules with efficiency above 22.0%. In particular, a number of new design and process innovations throughout the wafer, cell and module fabrication that go beyond the state-of-the-art will be introduced into the device to achieve the targeted efficiency values. At the same time, the NextBase project pursues the development of a new industrial manufacturing tool and low-cost processes for the IBC-SHJ solar cells enabling a competitive IBC-SHJ solar module cost of < 0.35 /Wp.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-07-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 4.93M | Year: 2016

Current practice in wind turbines operation is that every turbine has its own controller that optimizes its own performance in terms of energy capture and loading. This way of operating wind farms means that each wind turbine operates based only on the available information on its own measurements. This gets the wind farm to operate in a non-optimum way, since wind turbines are not operating as players of a major system. The major reasons for this non-optimum approach of wind farms operation are based on the lack of knowledge and tools which can model the dynamics of the flow inside the wind farm, how wind turbines modifies this flow, and how the wind turbines are affected by the perturbed flow. In addition, this lack of tools deals to also a lack of advanced control solutions, because there are not any available tool which can help on developing and testing virtually advanced control concepts for wind farms. CL-WINDCON will bring up with new innovative solutions based on wind farm open and closed loop advanced control algorithms which will enable to treat the entire wind farm as a unique integrated optimization problem. This will be possible thanks to the development of appropriate dynamic tools for wind farm simulation, at a reasonable computing effort. These tools for wind farm dynamic modelling of wind farm models will be fully open source at the end of the project, while control algorithms will be extensively validated simulations, in wind tunnel tests. Some open loop validations will be performed at wind farm level tests. Proposed control algorithms, useful for future but also for already existing wind farms. Then these will improve the LCOE, as well as the O&M costs will decrease, and improves in terms of reliability the wind turbine and wind farm. These performance improvements will be evaluated for both, wind turbine operation and wind farm operation.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: WASTE-4d-2015 | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2015

Refractory metals (tungsten, tantalum, rhenium, molybdenum and niobium) are highly strategic metals today mainly imported from a few countries. The European primary production remains below a few percentage. However, resources exist in Europe, as primary resources but mainly as secondary resources (industrial waste, urban mines). Valorizing these resources requires coordination and networking between researchers, entrepreneurs and public authorities to harmonise technologies, processes and services, develop standards, create new potential for export of eco-innovative solutions and for seizing new markets MSP-REFRAM will address these challenges by creating of a common multi-stakeholder platform that will draw the current refractory metals value chains and identify its innovation potential in order to support the implementation of the EIP on Raw Materials. Coming from industry, research, public sectors and civil society, both Consortium Members and External Experts have joined forces with expertise covering the whole value chain including mining, processing, recycling, application. The outputs of MSP-REFRAM will help Europe improve the supply value chain of refractory metals in the coming years, optimising the use of external resources as energy and water and at the same time reducing the amount and the toxicity of waste. MSP-REFRAM will share its conclusions widely and efficiently, in a long lasting way thanks to the support of the PROMETIA association. To ensure the systemic change, the outcomes of the project will be made available to the stakeholders and to the public through different tools and reports. In the medium term, MSP-REFRAM will contribute to better-informed decision-making at EU and national level as well as industry by proposing innovative value chains that will boost the refractory metals sector. In the longer term, this should improve the availability of these refractory metals, while creating greater added value to the economy and more jobs.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2013.4.2 | Award Amount: 2.78M | Year: 2014

The Big data roadmap and cross-disciplinarY community for addressing socieTal Externalities (BYTE) projectwill assist European science and industry in capturing the positive externalities and diminishing the negativeexternalities associated with big data in order to gain a greater share of the big data market by 2020.BYTE will accomplish this by leveraging the BYTE advisory board and additional network contacts to conduct aseries of big data case studies in actual big data practices across a range of disciplinary and industrial sectors togain an understanding of the economic, legal, social, ethical and political externalities that are in evidence.BYTE will supplement these case studies with a horizontal analysis that identifies how positive externalities canbe amplified and negative externalities can be diminished.BYTE moves beyond current practices to consider how big data will develop to the year 2020 using foresighttools to identify future practices, applications and positive and negative externalities. This will allow BYTE todevelop, in collaboration with expert stakeholders, a vision for big data in 2020 that includes meeting therelevant goals of the Digital Agenda for Europe. In collaboration with expert stakeholders, the consortium willthen devise a research and policy roadmap, that will provide incremental steps necessary to achieve the BYTEvision and guidelines to assist industry and scientists to address externalities in order to improve innovation andcompetitiveness.BYTE will culminate in the launch of the big data community, a sustainable, cross-disciplinary platform that willimplement the roadmap and assist stakeholders in identifying and meeting big data challenges. Furthermore,BYTE will disseminate project findings and recommendations and publicise the big data community to a largepopulation of stakeholders to encourage further innovation and economic competitiveness in Europesengagement with big data.


Human balance is achieved and maintained by a complex set of sensorimotor systems that include sensory input from vision, proprioception and the vestibular system (motion, equilibrium, spatial orientation); integration of the sensory input; and motor output to the muscles of the eye and body. Failure at the level of the sensory inputs or at the integration of the sensory information by the central nervous system may lead to a variety of age spanning diseases which affect balance. This complexity leads to undiagnosed or under-treated patients with balance disorders for long periods and results in large socio-economic costs.The EMBalance project aims to extend existing but generic and currently uncoupled balance modelling activities leading to a multi-scale and patient-specific balance Hypermodel, which will be incorporated to a Decision Support System, towards the early diagnosis, prediction and the efficient treatment planning of balance disorders. Various data will feed the intelligent system increasing the dimensionality and personalization of the system. Human Computer Interaction techniques will be utilized in order to develop the required interfaces in a user-intuitive and efficient way, while interoperable web-services will enhance the accessibility and acceptance of the system. The vision extends to the experimental and clinical validation of the project outcomes with existing and newly acquired data (by conducting small scale clinical trials), and includes showcases in balance disorders diagnosis, prediction, treatment and follow-up in normal and micro-gravity environments.The final outcome will be a powerful web-based platform provided to primary and secondary care physicians across specialties, levels of training and geographical boundaries, targeting wider clinical acceptance as well as the increased confidence in the developed DSS towards the early diagnostic evaluation, behaviour prediction and effective management planning of balance problems.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: Fission-2009-2.3.1 | Award Amount: 10.59M | Year: 2010

For the long-term development of nuclear power, innovative nuclear systems such as Gen-IV reactors and transmutation systems need to be developed for meeting future energy challenges. Thermal-hydraulics is recognized as a key scientific subject in the development of innovative reactor systems. This project is devoted to important crosscutting thermal-hydraulic issues encountered in various innovative nuclear systems, such as advanced reactor core thermal-hydraulics, single phase mixed convection and turbulence, specific multiphase flow, and code coupling and qualification. The main objectives of the project are: Generation of a data base for the development and validation of new models and codes describing the selected crosscutting thermal-hydraulic phenomena. This data base contains both experimental data and data from direct numerical simulations (DNS). Development of new physical models and modeling approaches for more accurate description of the crosscutting thermal-hydraulic phenomena such as heat transfer and flow mixing, turbulent flow modeling for a wide range of Prandtl numbers, and modeling of flows under strong influence of buoyancy. Improvement of the numerical engineering tools and establishment of a numerical platform for the design analysis of the innovative nuclear systems. This platform contains numerical codes of various classes of spatial scales, i.e. system analysis, sub-channel analysis and CFD codes, their coupling and the guidelines for their applications. The project will achieve optimum usage of available European resources in experimental facilities, numerical tools and expertise. It will establish a new common platform of research results and research infrastructure. The main outcomes of the project will be a synergized infrastructure for thermal-hydraulic research of innovative nuclear systems in Europe.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SiS-2009-1.3.2.1 | Award Amount: 1.42M | Year: 2010

The project objective is the definition and development of a framework enabling the successful integration and implementation at European level and beyond, of the Code of Conduct (CoC) for responsible N&N research defined by the EC. This will be done by: identifying and consulting stakeholders (scientific, institutional, industrial and Civil society organisations) to explore knowledge, attitudes, reactions and proposals in relation to the CoC assessing the most relevant codes of conducts, voluntary measures and practices for a responsible technology development, regarding in first place N&N R&D, already defined or under study ; proposing criteria and indicators of good practices to implement the CoC; basing on identified criteria and indicators, defining and testing a practical tool for the assessment of performances for the application of the CoC (CodeMeter) selecting a set of incentives and disincentives to stimulate the adoption of the CoC; identifying future regulatory, policy and research needs in order to integrate foresight oriented aspects in further developments of the CoC. designing of a CoC MasterPlan enabling the implementation and integration of the CoC, including future changes, best practices, incentives/disincentives and performance criteria for the adoption of the CoC. The project outcomes will support the EC, EU policy makers and stakeholders in the implementation of the European CoC and it will also help the EC to prepare the second CoC review (beginning 2012). The engagement of stakeholders in the debate will help to increase awareness on the CoC and in shaping its content to the stakeholders needs and expectations, making it a more accepted, concrete and practical instrument for decision-making in N&N R&D.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2010.10.2-1 | Award Amount: 4.18M | Year: 2010

The hypothesis of this project is that a new wind turbine concept developed specifically for offshore application has potentials for better cost efficiency than existing offshore technology. Based on this hypothesis the objectives are: i)to explore the technologies needed for development of a new and simple floating offshore concept with a vertical axis rotor and a floating and rotating foundation, ii)to develop calculation and design tools for development and evaluation of very large wind turbines based on this concept and iii)evaluation of the overall concept with floating offshore horizontal axis wind turbines. Upscaling of large rotors beyond 5MW has been expressed to have more cost potentials for vertical axis wind turbines than for horizontal axis wind turbines due to less influence of cyclic gravity loads. However, the technology behind the proposed concept presents extensive challenges needing explicit research, especially: dynamics of the system, pultruded blades with better material properties, sub-sea generator, mooring and torque absorption system, and torque, lift and drag on the rotating and floating shaft foundation. In order to be able in detail to evaluate the technologies behind the concept the project comprise: 1) numerical tools for prediction of energy production, dynamics, loads and fatigue, 2) tools for design and production of blades 3) tools for design of generator and controls, 4) design of mooring and torque absorption systems, and 5) knowledge of friction torque and lift and drag on rotating tube. The technologies need verification, and in the project verification is made by: 6) proof-of concept testing of a small, kW sized technology demonstrator, partly under real conditions, partly under controlled laboratory conditions, 7) integration of all technologies in demonstration of the possibility of building a 5MW wind turbine based on the concept, and an evaluation of the perspectives for the concept.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.9.5 | Award Amount: 2.70M | Year: 2014

InSpin will develop revolutionary nano-scale insulator spintronics that can replace or be integrated with conventional electronics and function at ambient temperatures. The innovation lies in the use of spin currents that in magnetic insulators are decoupled from charge currents and propagate with extremely low power dissipation. InSpins objectives are to provide a disruptive technology that is spin-based, low-power and ultra-low-noise, leading to superior oscillators, logics, and random access memory compared to those based on charge-based electronics. Ultimately, electrical current-driven magnon Bose-Einstein condensation and the associated super spin-currents enable dissipationless spintronics at room temperature. The strong reduction or even the complete absence of power dissipation in (super) insulator spintronics implies loss-less transfer of spin signals that circumvents the energy dissipation problem, which threatens to end Moores Law in information and communication technology. InSpins final deliverable is to fabricate the first functional spin wave bus with signal input and detection and to use this bus to realize a logic majority gate as the key component for future insulator spintronics.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SSH.2012.2.2-1 | Award Amount: 8.20M | Year: 2013

The central hypothesis of this project is that socio-economic, socio-demographic, ethnic and cultural diversity can positively affect social cohesion, economic performance and social mobility of individuals and groups. A better social cohesion, higher economic performance and increased chances for social mobility will make European cities more liveable and more competitive. In this period of long-term economic downturn (or sometimes even crisis) and increasing competition from countries elsewhere in the world (e.g. China, India), it is important to find out how and under which circumstances Europeans urban diversity can be turned into social and economic advantages. Many current urban policies lack a positive view on urban diversity, because they generally focus on the negative aspects of diversity, such as intolerance, racism, discrimination and insecurity. New policies, instruments and governance arrangements are needed, and sometimes they already exist. We have to find out how they have become successful and how they can be implemented elsewhere. When we acknowledge the hyper-diversity of our urban societies, we also have to acknowledge that these societies cannot flourish from standard or general approaches aiming at, for example, economic growth or better housing or more liveable neighbourhoods. Increasingly, more diverse, more tailored arrangements are needed, arrangements that have an eye for hyper-diverse cities and communities. As a result of the project, new and innovative policy instruments and governance arrangements will be suggested that (a) recognise urban diversity as a positive aspect; (b) increase interaction and communication between the diversity of groups in urban society; and (c) increase participation to satisfy the needs of the communities. The project thus aims at finding out how urban diversity influences three core issues: social cohesion, economic performance and social mobility and how governance arrangements help to strengthen this.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.8.0 | Award Amount: 2.73M | Year: 2008

Any form of manipulation of quantum information (QI), be it storage or transfer, may be represented as a quantum channel, i.e. a map transforming the input state of the sender into the receivers output state. Given the extreme sensitivity of QI to noise, it is crucial to study the impact of incoherent effects on QI processing and communication if technological applications are to become a reality. The goal of the project is to develop a general framework for understanding and management of noise effects in QI technologies, with particular attention paid to the previously unexplored area of correlated noise errors that commonly arise in space and/or time, especially in large scale operations. The project reaches beyond current restricted models that either involve statistically independent errors, or possess a high degree of symmetry (as those involved in the identification of decoherence-free subspaces), and often are inapplicable to real physical systems. The goals will be accomplished through a synergy of complementary expertise possessed by the member research groups, enabling the consortium to cover the entire range of relevant issues, ranging from general channel properties (ultimate bounds on capacities, quantification of correlation effects and identification of important classes of channels), through encoding and decoding methods (optimization of attainable capacities in small- and large-scale regimes, all-inclusive analysis of required resources, universal coding for partly known channels) and quantum estimation of correlated noise (efficiency of estimation procedures, extraction of crucial parameters), to environments with memory (simulation techniques, effective channel models, probing environment properties). The final results of the project, obtained through a concerted theoretical and experimental effort, should pave the way for implementing QI processing and communication in realistic physical platforms.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH.2011.2.1-2;SSH.2011.5.2-2 | Award Amount: 3.47M | Year: 2012

Private tenancy law is existentially affecting the daily lives of European citizens, as about one third of them depend on rental housing. That notwithstanding, it constitutes a nearly blank space in comparative and European law. This is due to its national character, its political nature and its embeddedness in widely diverging national housing policies, which ultimately reflect different welfare state models. At the same time, however, different parts of EU law and policy do affect tenancy law significantly, albeit indirectly. Thus, EU social policy against poverty and social exclusion extends to selected issues of housing policy. EU non-discrimination rules extend to the provision of housing, and several consumer law directives apply to tenancy contracts, too. Moreover, if the Common Frame of Reference were one day to develop into an optional instrument, tenancy law issues now regulated by national general contract law might be covered as well - though without any legislator having co-ordinated the ensuing juxtaposition of European contract law and national tenancy regulation. Against this background, this project sets out to provide the first large-scale comparative and European law survey of tenancy law. In a first step, it analyses national tenancy laws and their embeddedness in, and effects on, national housing policies and markets. In a second step, the effect of EU legislation on national housing policy in general and national tenancy law in particular will be analysed in a comparative perspective. In a third step, a proposal for a better co-ordinating role of the EU in tenancy law and housing policy, in particular through an OMC process developing common principles of good tenancy regulation, will be designed. This research matches well several priorities of the Stockholm programme given tenancy laws intimate relation to social human rights and a system of law and justice working for the benefit of European citizens, in particular vulnerable groups.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: ENERGY.2011.2.1-2;NMP.2011.1.2-1 | Award Amount: 12.88M | Year: 2012

In recent years, the effort in thin-film silicon (TFSi) was made at solving industrialization issues. In 2010, several companies demonstrated 10% stable modules (> 1 m). The major bricks for efficient production are now in place. Next challenges are linked to the fact that TFSi multi-junction devices, allowing for higher efficiency, are complex devices, in which the substrate geometry and each layer have an impact on the full device. This explains why the first industrializations focused on single technology roads (e.g., Jlich-AMAT or EPFL-Oerlikon approaches). This project focuses at bringing the next-generation technology to the market, using newly developed state-of-the art knowledge to solve the complex puzzle of achieving at the same time strong light in-coupling (high current) and good electrical properties (open-circuit voltage and fill factor). In a unique collaborative effort of the leading EU industries and research institutions in the field, the consortium will go beyond the current technology status by Introducing novel materials, including multi-phase nanomaterials (such as doped nc-SiOx, high crystallinity nc-Si materials), stable top cell materials, nanoimprinted substrates and novel or adapted transparent conductive oxides; Designing and implementing ideal device structures, taking into account the full interaction of layers in multi-junction devices; Controlling the growth of active layers on textured materials; Working at processes that could allow a further extension of the technology such as very high rate nc-Si deposition or multi-step superstrate etching; Transferring processes, including static and dynamic plasma deposition, from the laboratory to pilot scale, with first trials in production lines. The targets of the project is to achieve solar cells with 14% stable efficiency, leading to the demonstration of reliable production size prototypes module at 12% level. Potential cost below 0.5/Wp should be demonstrated.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2012.3.4-5 | Award Amount: 5.13M | Year: 2014

The project will develop a demonstrator for stand-off real-time concealed object detection for future implementations of high throughput security screening for European mass-transit markets and infrastructure security. The technological approach will incorporate a multi-frequency passive submillimetre-wave video camera, coupled with an active 340 GHz 3D imaging radar system. Both systems will be integrated with a suitable set of image forming optics and scanning optomechanics. Sensor data fusion will merge the passive system colour map with the radar topographic map of any concealed items. Automatic Anomaly Detection algorithms will be developed in order to improve automation and to mitigate privacy issues. The system will undergo an end-user demonstration at a European airport. The ethical issues surrounding the use of stand-off body scanners will be evaluated by a group of experts who will provide advice to ensure that the technology will be deployable from an ethical standpoint, facilitating a privacy-by-design approach. The involvement of end-users is of utmost importance. The consortium includes end-users as project partners who will ensure that maximum relevance and impact to the end-users is secured. The consortium will also address the exploitation of the technology developed within the project, especially considering the commercialisation and manufacture of the technology through the several SMEs involved in the project.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2010.1.1-1.;AAT.2010.1.1-3. | Award Amount: 5.10M | Year: 2012

Vision-2020, whose objectives include the reduction of emissions and a more effective transport systems, puts severe demands on aircraft velocity and weight. These require an increased load on wings and aero-engine components. The greening of air transport systems means a reduction of drag and losses, which can be obtained by keeping laminar boundary layers on external and internal airplane parts. Increased loads make supersonic flow velocities more prevalent and are inherently connected to the appearance of shock waves, which in turn may interact with a laminar boundary layer. Such an interaction can quickly cause flow separation, which is highly detrimental to aircraft performance, and poses a threat to safety. In order to diminish the shock induced separation, the boundary layer at the point of interaction should be turbulent. The main objective of the TFAST project is to study the effect of transition location on the structure of interaction. The main question is how close the induced transition may be to the shock wave while still maintaining a typical turbulent character of interaction. The main study cases - shock waves on wings/profiles, turbine and compressor blades and supersonic intake flows - will help to answer open questions posed by the aeronautics industry and to tackle more complex applications. In addition to basic flow configurations, transition control methods (stream-wise vortex generators and electro-hydrodynamic actuators) will be investigated for controlling transition location, interaction induced separation and inherent flow unsteadiness. TFAST for the first time will provide a characterization and selection of appropriate flow control methods for transition induction as well as physical models of these devices. Emphasis will be placed on closely coupled experiments and numerical investigations to overcome weaknesses in both approaches.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENERGY-2007-3.2-03 | Award Amount: 4.09M | Year: 2008

The transport sector represents a growing share of the total fossil fuel usage in the world. In order to fulfil the commitment to the Kyoto Protocol, the world usage of fossil oil in transport sectors must be reduced. One important approach to achieving this goal is to increase the share of renewable sources such as feedstocks in conversion routes. These biomass conversion routes involve a number of difficulties that should be attended to first by a suitable process configuration to avoid catalyst poisoning in production of syngas. Second, a major problem in the production of syngas-derived fuel from renewable sources is the presence of contaminates in the product gas from biomass gasifiers. These impurities that cause catalytic poisoning should be completely removed prior to the entry in catalytic systems that utilize in upgrading steps. With the evolution of these advanced uses of biomass derived syngas, it becomes necessary to develop progressively more stringent gas cleaning systems. Therefore, the projects key goal is development of a novel gas cleanup in order to reduce impurities from the gasifiers product gas to limits required for upgrading to syngas using as a feedstock in production of vehicle fuels. To accomplish this target that biomass conversion should preserve high energy efficiency in the subsequent synthesis steps and prevent catalytic poisoning, an alternative product route and more efficient gas cleaning systems are required. Nevertheless, biomass conversion processes offer many economical and environmental benefits, but it is clear that conversion technology should be able to compete with other conversion routes, for example via methane. Therefore, this RTD programme combines European expertise in the field of gasification, different proficiencies in cleaning technologies, high ranking catalyst expertise, catalyst company, and two research companies with R&D activities in the fields to expedite the development and commercialization of research outcomes.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EINFRA-2-2014 | Award Amount: 13.13M | Year: 2015

OpenAIRE2020 represents a pivotal phase in the long-term effort to implement and strengthen the impact of the Open Access (OA) policies of the European Commission (EC), building on the achievements of the OpenAIRE projects. OpenAIRE2020 will expand and leverage its focus from (1) the agents and resources of scholarly communication to workflows and processes, (2) from publications to data, software, and other research outputs, and the links between them, and (3) strengthen the relationship of European OA infrastructures with other regions of the world, in particular Latin America and the U.S. Through these efforts OpenAIRE2020 will truly support and accelerate Open Science and Scholarship, of which Open Access is of fundamental importance. OpenAIRE2020 continues and extends OpenAIREs scholarly communication infrastructure to manage and monitor the outcomes of EC-funded research. It combines its substantial networking capacities and technical capabilities to deliver a robust infrastructure offering support for the Open Access policies in Horizon 2020, via a range of pan-European outreach activities and a suite of services for key stakeholders. It provides researcher support and services for the Open Data Pilot and investigates its legal ramifications. The project offers to national funders the ability to implement OpenAIRE services to monitor research output, whilst new impact measures for research are investigated. OpenAIRE2020 engages with innovative publishing and data initiatives via studies and pilots. By liaising with global infrastructures, it ensures international interoperability of repositories and their valuable OA contents. To ensure sustainability and long-term health for the overall OpenAIRE infrastructure, the proposed OpenAIRE2020 project will establish itself as a legal entity, which will manage the production-level responsibilities securing 24/7 reliability and continuity to all relevant user groups, data providers and other stakeholders.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2010.1.1-1.;AAT.2010.1.1-3. | Award Amount: 4.02M | Year: 2010

The objective of AFDAR is to develop, assess and demonstrate new image-based experimental technologies for the analysis of aerodynamic systems and aerospace propulsion components. The main development focus is on new three-dimensional methods based on Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) to measure the flow field around aircraft components, and on the high-speed version of the planar technique for the analysis in time-resolved regime of transient/unsteady aerodynamic problems. The progress beyond the state of the art with respect to current technologies is summarized by three aimed breakthroughs: 1) three-dimensional volumetric measurements over wings and airfoils; 2) time-resolved measurements and aerodynamic analysis several orders of magnitude faster than today; 3) turbulence characterization in aerodynamics wind-tunnels at resolution orders of magnitude higher than today by Long-Range Micro-PIV. The project ultimately aims to support the design of better aircraft and propulsion systems by enabling the designer to use experimental data during the development cycle of unprecedented completeness and quality. The work also covers the simultaneous application of PIV-based techniques and other methods to determine aeroacoustic noise emissions from airframe and to improve combustion processes to lower NOx, CO2 and soot emissions from engines. The consortium is led by a Dutch Technical University and lists 10 partners including a Russian research Institute and an Australian University. Three industries are involved in this work either as participant or contributing under subcontract and providing testing facilities. As final results of the project, a detailed analysis of the new measurement systems will be delivered and a number of demonstrations will be performed to validate the concepts in industrial environments. Special emphasis is given to the dissemination of results by meetings, publications and workshops.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2009-1.2-1 | Award Amount: 3.17M | Year: 2010

Renewable energy production is a key driver for innovation in the material domain. Researchers and industries look to reduce the energy cost and to increase the efficiency of PV solar cells. Nanotechnologies and nanomaterials show broad opportunities. Indeed, at the nanoscale level, energy band gaps depend on nanomaterial architectures (nanoparticles size, bulk dispersion, interfaces with embedding matrix). Silicon nanocrystals allow the design of highly efficiency architectures, like multijunction solar cells or low-cost, optimised, thin film solar cells. The usual elaboration technique is based on the deposition of either multilayer or nanocomposite material in which excess silicon is aggregated into nanoparticles through high temperature annealing. No control of nanoparticle size and bulk dispersion is possible. Moreover, only limited surrounding materials could be considered (silicon containing). This prevents any knowledge-based tuning of the material properties. The main objective of SNAPSUN project is to develop a nanomaterial with reliable and tailored characteristics. To overcome limitations described above, fully tailored silicon nanoparticles will be optimised, in terms of size (3nm) and size dispersion (>10%;0.3nm). The SNAPSUN innovation is the incorporation of these silicon nanoparticles in a wide band gap material, such as silicon carbide or Transparent Conductive Oxides (TCO). This architecture will allow band gap engineering through accurate structure control, together with exceptional electrical characteristics (resistivity, carrier lifetime, etc.) in order to produce high conversion efficiencies above 25 %. Control of material structure will arise from the development of very promising processes allowing the separation of nanoparticle generation and embedding matrix codeposition. Vacuum and wet technologies will be used to target low-cost solar cells with a target production cost below 0.5 /Wpeak.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2012.6.3-2 | Award Amount: 3.01M | Year: 2012

The aim of SPREE project is to identify potential Servicizing Policies and simulate their effect on absolute decoupling of economic growth and resource use, while achieving societal benefits. Servicizing Systems facilitate the transition from selling products to providing services. Except for ICT, these are still quite rare. SPREE is dedicated to promote the implementation of Servicizing Systems in 3 different sectors: water, mobility and agri-food. We propose to use an advanced Agent Based Modelling (ABM) approach to structure and test options for Servicizing Systems and Policies. This provides a generic framework that allows exploring short and long term effects, and assessment of the 3 sectors in different countries. Based on the models results and complementary qualitative analysis we will construct Servicizing Policy Packages that take into account the environmental, economic and social dimensions and trade-offs between them. Thus, SPREE results will help to realize EU strategies particularly in the framework of EUROPE 2020. Based on conceptualization of Servicizing Systems, we use existing instruments and develop new tools that fit into the evaluation of emerging Servicizing Systems and policies effects. We define more suitable dynamic tools needed for ex-ante assessment of newly created supply chains that can emerge out of Servicizing activities. Using ABM, we demonstrate how Servicizing Systems develop and test outcomes of proposed policies on the creation of successful Servicizing opportunities leading to absolute decoupling. The SPREE consortium consists of 10 partners from 7 different countries, and includes public bodies and research institutes to provide a sound base for both Servicizing Systems and Policy. The key deliverable is Servicizing Policy Packages that exploit existing synergies to achieve a truly sustainable EU economy where economic growth is decoupled from environmental impact, society prospers and a global example is set.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: PEOPLE-2007-1-1-ITN | Award Amount: 3.06M | Year: 2008

The aim of this proposal is to create a training network in the newly-emerging multidisciplinary field of nano-opto-magnetism, a new scientific area with novel technological opportunities at the junction of coherent nonlinear optics, nanoscience and magnetism. The impact on society of this newly emerging field is potentially very high, therefore it is decisive that now young researchers are trained and equipped, so that they can become future leaders. We aim at achieving this by an integrated combination of a high-quality training program and their direct involvement in front-line research. In the research program we want to investigate nonthermal effects of light on nanomagnets in order to obtain a comprehensive understanding of physical mechanisms leading to a highly efficient ultrafast (10-12 seconds and faster) optical control of magnetism at the nanoscale. Such scientific breakthroughs are expected to develop novel technology for unprecedented fast (THz) opto-magnetic recording. A high-level training program firmly embedded in a consortium of both academic and industrial partners is designed to create a unique training environment to educate a new generation of young researchers in this interdisciplinary, recently emerging area of nano-opto-magnetism. In order to advance the young researchers career development, the industrial relevance of this research as well as the involvement of industrial partners is fully exploited. In addition to the scientific and networking training, this offers unique opportunities for training of complementary skills of the fellows such as training in intellectual property rights, patent writing, commercial exploitation of the results and research-and-development policy.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2012-1.1.22. | Award Amount: 9.76M | Year: 2012

ESTEEM2 is an integrated infrastructure of electron microscopy facilities providing access for the academic and industrial research community in the physical sciences to some of the most powerful characterization techniques available at the nanoscale. Transnational access to ESTEEM2 centres is obtained through a transparent, simple peer review process based on merit and scientific priorities. Service to users is supported by a networking programme which addresses key issues such as specimen preparation, data interpretation through theory and simulation, and standardization of protocols and methodologies. A series of schools and workshops provide training in innovative methods in electron microscopy and a forum for discussing emerging (cutting-edge) techniques. Directed research programmes focus on the further development of electron diffraction, imaging and spectroscopy and the advancement of 3D methods and time resolved experiments. In all, ESTEEM2 establishes a strategic leadership in electron microscopy to guide future developments and promote electron microscopy to the wider research community at large.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH-2007-3.1-01 | Award Amount: 1.65M | Year: 2008

DEMHOW will investigate links between demographic change and housing wealth. Whereas those who rent their homes may have no housing wealth at all, for many older Europeans - perhaps 75% of the total - housing is their single largest item of wealth But, increasing numbers do not have children to whom their wealth might be bequeathed. The potential of housing assets is that they offer: older households a way of increasing their consumption; governments a way to respond to the pension crisis;and financial institutions a way to increase business. DEMHOW will investigate the ways in which, across member states, ageing populations and housing wealth are linked, how housing wealth has been used in the past and how attitudes to its use in old age are changing. In addition, it will investigate developments in policy and in financial markets that may encourage its use as a form of pension, and assess the characteristics of housing assets as a form of pension.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SSH-2010-2.1-1 | Award Amount: 10.11M | Year: 2011

The objective of NEUJOBS is to imagine future, or rather various possible futures, under the conditions of the socioecological transition (and incorporating other key influences), map the implications for employment overall, but also in key sectors and relevant groups and integrate all of this together under a single intellectual framework. It will do so by combining EU-wide studies based on existing datasets with small-N comparative research dealing with one or more countries. Furthermore, the output will be a mix of quantitative and qualitative analysis, foresight activities and policy analysis. The proposal is organised in 23 workpackages that will run over a period of 48 months. The Consortium is composed by a team of 29 partners chosen among top research centres in Europe.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: GC-SST.2010.7-9.;GC.NMP.2010-1 | Award Amount: 5.52M | Year: 2011

The research described in this proposal aims to develop a new Li-ion cell for traction purposes with the following characteristics: High energy density of at least 200 Wh/kg Low costs i.e., a maximum of 150 Euro/kWh Improved safety Although the Li-ion cell appears to be the most appropriate technology to meet these goals, considerable research and development is required. For example, the much-used LiFePO4 cells cannot reach the energy density criterion, and in addition, LiFePO4 is patented, which hampers worldwide commercialisation. Many other materials are either too expensive or do not meet current safety, environmental standards (e.g., cobalt in LiCoO2). Thus, we propose a shift from carbon to the much higher capacity silicon-based anodes, and from cobalt-based to iron and/or manganese/nickel-based cathodes, and to use novel electrolyte salts. To successfully develop a European Li-ion technology, the R&D will start at the anode side, i.e. Si, with a LiFePO4-C material at the cathode side. This requires a new electrode formulation with respect to binder, electrolyte salt, solvent, and composition. The change in formulation at the anode and electrolyte allows for a change in the cathode materials and a series of both novel (e.g., fluorosulfates, LiFeSO4F) and more established systems, will be investigated. New synthetic routes are proposed, along with an extensive characterization program. Scale-up, testing and benchmarking of optimum formulations will be performed. The outcome will be a newly developed cell, manufactured and tested by end-users. The new cell consists of i) a newly formulated Si-negative electrode, ii) newly designed low cost salts, and iii) modified positive electrodes. To achieve these goals, the consortium includes renowned universities and knowledge institutes; a SME battery producer and the car industry as end-users. Thus, the composition of the consortium covers the whole spectrum of R&D, manufacturing and testing.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IRSES | Award Amount: 1.20M | Year: 2012

Asias mounting global importance includes a remarkable growth is urbanisation. Over 60 percent of the estimated 3.5 billion Asian population are now living in cities. A citys most important asset is indeed its inhabitants (ADB 2008, Managing Asian Cities). If we are to address such unparalleled growth of Asian megacities, effective urban management must be informed by qualitative analytical knowledge and framed within a global, pluri-disciplinary experience that a transcontinental mobility programme such as the International Research Staff Exchange Scheme (IRSES) can provide. The challenge is for urban scholars and practitioners policy makers or community leaders to create a balance between the benefits and costs of urbanisation with a view of improving the quality of life of millions. The objective is to nurture more contextualised and policy-relevant knowledge on Asian cities, through exchanges and targeted case-study-based research among participants from the 11 partner institutions, with the European institutions playing a key role. Inspired by the new qualitative emphasis commanding European urban policy, the Urban Knowledge Network Asia intends to address critical urban development issues in Asia, taking into account the challenges of the diversity of urban societies, with their heterogeneous populations. The Urban Knowledge Network Asia aims, therefore, to study how Asian cities, taken as organic socio-spatial entities, manage their space and improve human liveability. To this end, the network put together by the International Institute for Asian Studies (IIAS) aims to host a variety of research projects covering three key areas of society in relation to the planning, management and governance of the urban environment: 1) shelter/housing (the house and the neighbourhood where people live), 2) the urban environment and its impact on living conditions, and 3) the city as a cultural nexus.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA | Phase: Fission-2013-2.2.1 | Award Amount: 10.36M | Year: 2013

Preparing ESNII for HORIZON 2020 The aim of this cross-cutting project is to develop a broad strategic approach to advanced fission systems in Europe in support of the European Sustainable Industrial Initiative (ESNII) within the SET-Plan. The project aims to prepare ESNII structuration and deployment strategy, to ensure efficient European coordinated research on Reactor Safety for the next generation of nuclear installations, linked with SNETP SRA priorities. The ESNII\ project aims to define strategic orientations for the Horizon 2020 period, with a vision to 2050. To achieve the objectives of ESNII, the project will coordinate and support the preparatory phase of legal, administrative, financial and governance structuration, and ensure the review of the different advanced reactor solutions. The project will involve private and public stakeholders, including industry, research and academic communities, with opened door to international collaboration, involving TSO.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-SICA | Phase: KBBE-2008-3-2-01 | Award Amount: 5.19M | Year: 2009

IRENE project aims at overcoming existing bottlenecks for a broader diffusion of biocatalysis and at accelerating the sustainable innovation of chemical industry by developing computational methods and strategies that will enable to rationally design and produce the next generation of biocatalysts for industrial applications. The consortium is funded on the combination of robust multidisciplinary expertise from EU, Russia and Uzbekistan. Due to the interaction between theoretical groups and experimentalists all computational tools used in this project will be validated by experiments. Failures and successes will be used for methods evaluation and tuning, in an iterative process that will lead to new methods but also to the definition of practical guidelines, for any specific enzyme design issue. The convergence of different expertise will face 4 main tasks: 1) fast rational design of efficient biocatalysts; 2) fast and efficient in silico screening of available enzymes/mutants to exploit catalytic potential of existing biocatalyst and providing quantitative parameters describing enzymes efficiency; 3) fast substrate-screening and rational substrate engineering; 4) understanding molecular basis of biocatalyst action and properties. IRENE will pursue these objectives by taking advantage of computational strategies used in different disciplines and integrate them in an unified concept for studying enzyme catalysis. The four main families of computational methods, Quantum Mechanics, Molecular Mechanics, Quantitative Structure Activity Relationships and Bioinformatics, will used in an integrated approach. The project will have three major design subjects: 1) introduction of new activities in specific enzyme scaffolds (reaction promiscuity); 2) improvement of catalytic activity towards specific targets (substrate promiscuity); 3) the redesign of enantioselectivity. For each subject the work will focus on different specific enzymatic activities of industrial relevance.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2011.3.2-02 | Award Amount: 11.78M | Year: 2011

The QB50 Project will demonstrate the possibility of launching a network of 50 CubeSats built by CubeSat teams from all over the world to perform first-class science and in-orbit demonstration in the largely unexplored middle and lower thermosphere. Space agencies are not pursuing a multi-spacecraft network for in-situ measurements in the middle and lower thermosphere because the cost of a network of 50 satellites built to industrial standards would be very high and not justifiable in view of the limited orbital lifetime. No atmospheric network mission for in-situ measurements has been carried out in the past or is planned for the future. A network of satellites for in-situ measurements in the middle and lower thermosphere can only be realised by using very low-cost satellites, and CubeSats are the only realistic option. The Project will demonstrate the sustained availability of a low-cost launch opportunities, for launching small payloads into low-Earth orbit; these could be microsatellites or networks of CubeSats or nanosats or many individual small satellites for scientific, technological, microgravity or biology research. The Project will include the development of a deployment system for the deployment into orbit of a large number of single, double or triple CubeSats. Once the system is developed for QB50 it can be easily adapted to other missions. QB50 will also provide a launch opportunity for key technology demonstration on IOD CubeSats such as formation flying and aerobrakes. All 50 CubeSats will be launched together into a circular orbit at approximately 380 km altitude. Due to atmospheric drag, the orbits of the CubeSats will decay and progressively lower and lower layers of the thermosphere will be explored without the need for on-board propulsion, perhaps down to 200 km. QB50 will be among the first CubeSat networks in orbit.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2010-ITN | Award Amount: 3.91M | Year: 2011

Approximately 80% of all products are or were a particle at some point in their processing lifetime. Particle and colloid technology has been described as the Growth Engine of Tomorrow with the market projected to grow from $2T to $10Tr over the next decade. Alongside with this challenge, the number of researchers active in powder technology is limited and only a few universities, public and private institutes are educating specialists in this field. PowTech ITN aims to integrate inter-sectoral and multidisciplinary research in particle and powder technology into the training of 15 highly skilled young researchers, to strengthen the competitiveness of food and pharmaceutical industry and to strengthen the European Research Area. The PowTech ITN has 20 partners (9 industry) and comprises a focused research programme and a graduate school. The Focused Research programme will use an engineering design approach applied to powder processing. The understanding and modelling of powder structure from a molecular to a macro disperse scale will be used to understand how powder properties/functionality are formed or modified during processing. This knowledge will be used to select the appropriate process for production of the structure of interest. The long-term aim is to develop innovative products and to provide tools allowing minimal pilot plant trials. The PowTech Graduate School is aligned with the research objectives of the project covering relevant S&T and personal skills courses but also an intensive and continuous training in collaboration with industry. In addition to the industrial secondments, the ESRs will have industrial training in different industries. An industrial mentor will be appointed to guide their Career development plan. The ESR will also be trained in Research Methodology through preparing a research plan for their work, and later in their project by developing a research plan, supervising a MSc student, and writing a Grant application.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2010.4.1-6. | Award Amount: 3.43M | Year: 2010

The ALaSCA project focuses on maximum weight and cost reduction significant in airframes by developing manufacture-optimized lattice fuselage structures fulfilling fundamental aspects of airworthiness. The idea behind the ALaSCA project is to perform a comprehensive investigation starting with the beneficial geodesic design well-proven in space technology and transferring it to composite aircraft fuselage designs. The main objectives of this research programme are: a) Maximum weight and cost reduction by using lattice designs for fuselage structures. b) Development of manufacture-optimized lattice designs satisfying airworthiness requirements. c) Verification of airworthiness by manufacture and testing of representative lattice components. Since structural requirements and boundary conditions in rocket technology are quite different from those in aircraft fuselage design, the scope of this project covers the specific aspects of design, sizing, manufacture and testing of lattice structures that follow from aircraft requirements. The objectives will only be achieved when solutions to the following issues in terms of lay-out, design, sizing, manufacture, and testing are found: a) Pro-lattice aircraft configurations for maximum weight and cost savings b) Aircraft specific components treated in the lattice fuselage design. c) Lattice elements, i.e. examination in the aircraft-specific detailed design of loads from impact and internal pressure. Applying the above-mentioned methodology, the objectives will be achieved by main innovations in the following areas: a) Structural concepts for long service-life periods b) Design and dimensioning of cut-out surround structures c) Optimized floor-barrel interface. d) Barrel-barrel interface. e) Aircraft configurations reducing the demand for large cut-outs and interfaces in lattice fuselage sections. f) Process chain: preliminary design, sizing, detailed design, manufacturing, testing, validation, cost and weight analysis.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SiS.2012.1.2-1 | Award Amount: 4.59M | Year: 2013

Synthetic biology (SynBio) offers huge potential for applications in energy, health and the environment. It also brings with it various challenges such as regulatory issues of biosafety, biosecurity and intellectual property rights, as well as potential environmental and socio-economic risks in developing countries. As yet, however, there is scant public knowledge about the technology. It is thus essential to establish an open dialogue between stakeholders concerning SynBios potential benefits and risks and to explore possibilities for its collaborative shaping on the basis of public participation. SYN-ENERGY will organise a wide range of mobilisation and mutual learning processes relating to these challenges. Besides a number of well-established European and international networks, the consortium encompasses and can mobilise a wide variety of stakeholders from science, industry, civil society, policy, education, art and other areas. Learning processes will contribute to a better understanding of SynBio research and innovation and to enhanced public engagement, while at the same time stimulating reflection on novel approaches to an inclusive governance framework that is capable of fostering responsible research and innovation. The processes will involve citizens and specific publics through well-established and innovative means of engagement, and will support the convergence of stakeholders and perspectives. Activities will be structured by four platforms, highlighting SynBios future, public, cultural and research & innovation perspectives. The iterative mutual learning process within SYN-ENERGY will be open to change in order to accommodate the dynamics of an emergent field. By dint of its approach, design and consortium, SYN-ENERGY will be a Science in Society activity with significant impact, raising public awareness of SynBio and yielding benefits for involved stakeholders, public discourse and European policy making in an international context.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SiS.2013.1.3.3-2 | Award Amount: 1.95M | Year: 2014

FOSTER is a coordination initiative that aims to support different stakeholders, especially young researchers, in adopting open access in the context of the European Research Area (ERA) and in complying with the open access policies and rules of participation set out for Horizon 2020 (H2020). It will focus on integrating open access principles and practice in the current research workflow by targeting the young researcher training environment. In addition, FOSTER will strengthen the institutional training capacity to maintain compliance with the open access policies in the ERA and H2020, and will facilitate the adoption, reinforcement and implementation of open access policies from other European funders, in line with the European Commissions recommendation. FOSTER will establish a European-wide training programme on open access and open data, consolidating training activities at downstream level and reaching diverse disciplinary communities and countries in the ERA. Each type of stakeholder will be provided with a range of relevant training programmes, practical advice, support and help in engaging, dynamic and outcome-oriented way. Training toolkits will be developed and made openly available for re-use. The training programme will include different approaches and delivery options: elearning, blearning, self-learning, dissemination of training materials/contents, helpdesk, face-to-face training, especially training-the-trainers, summer schools, seminars, etc. The Consortium strength lies in its strong European network, and wide range of expertise gained thorough EU and national projects. The mix of strong technical partners and key players in the open access community can ensure that the project fully reaches out to a range of stakeholders, namely academic staff (researchers and students), institutions (administrators, librarians), research project managers (key stakeholders in implementing H2020 policy), and policy-makers and staff working in funding bodies.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SST-2007-6.0-03 | Award Amount: 800.62K | Year: 2008

Europe has a strong maritime economy with a high global position. The strength of the European maritime industry is based on its entrepreneurship and ability to innovate. The European maritime companies can only maintain their position to produce innovative products if they can attract highly qualified RTD personnel. In order to remain at the cutting edge of knowledge and technology for green, competitive, safe and secure advanced maritime products and operations not only naval architects, offshore and marine engineers but also marine scientists, marine transport economists and financiers as well as other related science and engineering graduates have to be attracted to undertake research and development in the maritime sector. PROMARC will raise awareness of job opportunities in the marine transport technology sector in Research and Innovative product development through: 1. An investigation and analysis of current National and European Union schemes to promote maritime transport sector. 2. Investigation and analysis of current and future sector skill shortage and demand 3. Creation of promotional materials on the research and innovation career opportunities in the maritime transport sector to be published online and as brochures and pamphlets for distribution by all sector stakeholders 4. Activities to promote of marine transport technology sector in schools including site visits, schools visits and interactive internet site. 5. Activities to attract graduates to a career in research including academic competitions, thematic workshops and summer schools It is recognised that there is a severe gender imbalance in the marine technology sector and special efforts will be targeted at female students to encourage them to follow research and innovation careers in the sector.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FoF-05-2014 | Award Amount: 5.10M | Year: 2015

The undergoing transformation in our current socio-economic models, led by the advent of emerging technologies, has changed the relation of customers to products and services. Customers play no longer a passive role in the product and service development process as they express their product and service experiences and opinions through several channels such as discussion forums, blogs, chat, idea voting, and more. In addition, sensor systems in combination with products incorporated in the Internet of Things (IoT), are becoming increasingly common. The potential endless amounts of available information offer a rich ground for value creation in the product-service innovation chain. In this context FALCON envisions to provide a framework to enable the realization of new products and value-adding services, resulting from user-experiences and product and related services usage; undertaken with the principles of sustainability and social responsibility. FALCON will create impact through the following objectives: First the project will address product-service information collection through collaborative intelligence and Product Embedded Information Devices. Second, it will enable new mechanisms for product-service knowledge representation, exploitation, openness and diffusion. Third, it will strengthen collaboration and new product-service development through new feedback and feed forward mechanisms in the product life-cycle. Fourth, FALCON will explore manufacturing intelligence to support innovative product-services design and finally FALCON will improve product-service lifecycle assessment approaches through the real-time collection of product-service usage information and related experiences. The project is driven by a consortium of highly recognized researchers (BIBA, EPFL, TU Delft ), experienced solution providers (UBITECH, Holonix, Softeco, i-Deal) and industrial companies (Arcelik, Philipps, Dena Cashmere, DATAPIXEL, Vinci Consulting).


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SiS.2013.2.2.1-1 | Award Amount: 2.80M | Year: 2014

The key to engaging the next generation to participate in scientific issues is to change how science is taught. Students gain an image of science as a body of content whereas RRI deals with uncertain areas of knowledge is uncertain, where values and argument matter as much as facts. The shift is hugely challenging. High stakes education systems marginalise teaching about the nature of science. The greater challenge is to help teachers develop the beliefs, knowledge and classroom practice for RRI teaching.. This requires adopting a more inquiry-based methodology, which gives students opportunity for self-expression and responsibility for coming to informed decisions. The literature demonstrates a poor record of success for attempts to build an RRI teaching force, and transformations generally occur with only small numbers. ENGAGE synthesises contemporary models of professional learning and curriculum development. Going beyond training events, its three-stage path will propel teachers in their own inquiry to become expert with RRI. The path requires a first stage, Adopt, which achieves take-up on a massive scale. We use a proven approach to provide an easy entry into inquiry-based teaching. It combines science-in-the-news contexts with strategies from informal learning to get students talking. An online community of practice supports teacher reflection, while online courses and workshops add coaching and feedback. At the next stage, Adapt, they learn an experts toolkit of examples, explanations, anecdotes and activities to help students learn effectively, In the third step, Transform, open-ended Projects put teachers and students into partnership with practising scientists, to learn about RRI directly. Our partners bring extensive track records in teacher development and curriculum design. Building on best practice from previous projects, we intend to influence 12,000 science teachers across Europe, and extend this to pre-service teachers and their trainers.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2011.4.0-2 | Award Amount: 14.75M | Year: 2012

The NeTTUN 54M project will enable groundbreaking change in the construction, management and maintenance of tunnels in pursuit of the goals of NMP.2011.4.0-2 via 9 focussed WPs addressing key scientific and technical challenges: (i) a multi-sensor ground prediction system for TBMs to enable effective look-ahead during boring; (ii) a robotic maintenance system that enables automation of inspection and exchange of drag bits and disc cutters; (iii) the design of cutter tools with increased lifetime; (iv) a system for modelling of global risks on tunnel projects in order to quantify and manage uncertainties; (v) systems for modelling and controlling the impact of tunnelling on surrounding structures; (vi) a Decision Support system for tunnel maintenance management. The improvements enabled by this work programme will enhance every aspect of the lifecycle of tunnelling: from design, to construction, and maintenance of Europes extensive tunnel legacy. Each of the 21 partners in the NeTTUN Consortium Industrial, Research and Development and SME has been invited to participate because of unique scientific expertise and tunnelling sector experience. Ecole Centrale de Lyon, a French top-level engineering school involved in international research, will be the NeTTUN project coordinator. NFM, the French Tunnel Boring Machine manufacturer, will manage the scientific and technical aspects of the project. Both these organisations will work as a team. NeTTUN project results will impact the tunnelling industry by enlarging business perspectives, with productivity increase; delivering underground operations with zero impact on surroundings; answering societal needs by improving safety; and strengthening competitiveness of European industry. The Consortium will demonstrate project results on the site of Metro Line C construction under Romes ancient monuments, as well as with OHL on the Guadalquivir, and Razel on the Frjus Tunnels. Dissemination, Exploitation and Gender Equality Committees will ensure the Consortiums activities and successful project results are promoted to the target audiences of the general public, the tunnelling industry and education and academic sectors.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT-2007-1.1-01;AAT-2007-1.1-02 | Award Amount: 7.09M | Year: 2008

All aerodynamic concepts for significant reduction of drag such as laminarisation require slim high-aspect-ratio wings. However, state-of-the-art high lift systems will suffer from the reduced construction space and do not cope with the required surface quality. Thus, SADE (Smart High Lift Devices for Next Generation Wings) develops suitable morphing high lift devices: The seamless smart leading edge device is an indispensable enabler for laminar wings and offers a great benefit for reduction of acoustic emissions, the smart single slotted flap with active camber capability permits a further increased lift. Due to versatile usability both devices also offer aerodynamic benefits by shape adaption in cruise flight. Morphing devices imply the integration of drive systems into tailored lightweight structures and therefore reduce complexity and mass. Furthermore, focussing on electric actuators the energy consumption can be reduced. However, the high elasticity required for efficient adaptability of the morphing structure is diametrically opposed to the structural targets of conventional wing design like stiffness and strength. To find the optimum compromise precise knowledge on target shapes for maximum high lift performance and sizing loads is mandatory. Therefore, SADE comprises all relevant disciplines for the investigation of morphing wings and operates a state-of-the-art virtual development platform. Nevertheless, the focus is clearly set on adaptive structures. SADE builds on available promising concepts for smart structures. The technological realisation and optimisation of these concepts towards the special requirements of full scale systems is the most essential challenge for morphing today. Another challenge results from the aeroelastic condition the structural system is optimised for. Hence, a realistic full scale section of a morphing wing will be manufactured and tested in the TsAGI T101 wind tunnel.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: Fission-2009-7.0.4 | Award Amount: 1.86M | Year: 2010

An innovative molten salt reactor concept, the MSFR (Molten Salt Fast Reactor) is developed by CNRS (France) since 2004. Based on the particularity of using a liquid fuel, this concept is derived from the American molten salt reactors (included the demonstrator MSRE) developed in the 1960s. The major drawbacks of these designs were (1) a short lifetime of the graphite blocks, (2) a reactor fuelled with 233U, not a natural fissile isotope, (3) a salt constituted of a high chemical toxic element: BeF2, and (4) a fuel reprocessing flux of 4000 liters per day required reaching a high breeding gain. However, this concept is retained by the Generation IV initiative, taking advantages of using a liquid fuel which allows more manageable on-line core control and reprocessing, fuel cycle flexibility (U or Th) and minimization of radiotoxic nuclear wastes. In MSFR, MSR concept has been revisited by removing graphite and BeF2. The neutron spectrum is fast and the reprocessing rate strongly reduced down to 40 liters per day to get a positive breeding gain. The reactor is started with 233U or with a Pu and minor actinides (MA) mixture from PWR spent fuel. The MA consumption with burn-up demonstrates the burner capability of MSFR. The objective of this project is to propose a design of MSFR in 2012 given the best system configuration issued from physical, chemical and material studies, for the reactor core, the reprocessing unit and the wastes conditioning. By this way, demonstration that MSFR can satisfy the goals of Gen IV, in terms of sustainability (Th breeder), non proliferation (integrated fuel cycle, multi-recycling of actinides), resources (close U/Th fuel cycle, no uranium enrichment), safety (no reactivity reserve, strongly negative feedback coefficient) and waste management (actinide burner) will be done


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2010-ITN | Award Amount: 4.72M | Year: 2010

The interest in bottom-up fabricated semiconductor nanowires (NWs) has been growing steadily in the last years due to their potential as basic building blocks of nanoscale devices and circuits. Investigations performed so far try to exploit three unique properties of NWs: First, they are the smallest dimension structures that allow optical guiding and electrical contacting simultaneously. Second, their large surface to volume ratio enhances their interaction with the environment, turning them into optimal chemical and biological sensors. Finally, their anisotropic geometry makes their optical and electrical properties dramatically dependent on their orientation, allowing their use as polarization-dependent sensors. Most NW applications rely on the ability to grow, characterize (structurally, optically and electronically) and manipulate both individual and collections of NWs. To date it is rather difficult to find a single research group covering all of the above competences, and students (or post-docs) usually focus on a single aspect of NW-based device realization (either growth, characterization, simulation or device assembly). The scope of this project is to create a European Network of experienced teams that will provide early stage researchers with a multidisciplinary framework and a comprehensive training in the field of NW physics and applications. The active involvement of industrial partners will ensure that the acquired competences are driven by industrial needs, such as scalable and low cost NW production. The interaction with associated industrial partners will also add to the employability of the recruited researchers through the exposure to the private sector. The main applications that we intend to address within the project time are the following: (i) nanowires for sensing applications, (ii) nanowires for optoelectronics (iii) nanowires for nanoelectronics and (iv) nanowires for energy harvesting.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.1 | Award Amount: 17.80M | Year: 2013

To extend beyond existing limits in nanodevice fabrication, new and unconventional lithographic technologies are necessary to reach Single Nanometer Manufacturing (SNM) for novel Beyond CMOS devices. Two approaches are considered: scanning probe lithography (SPL) and focused electron beam induced processing (FEBIP). Our project tackles this challenge by employing SPL and FEBIP with novel small molecule resist materials. The goal is to work from slow direct-write methods to high speed step-and-repeat manufacturing by Nano Imprint Lithography (NIL), developing methods for precise generation, placement, metrology and integration of functional features at 3 - 5 nm by direct write and sub-10nm into a NIL-template. The project will first produce a SPL-tool prototype and will then develop and demonstrate an integrated process flow to establish proof-of-concept Beyond CMOS devices employing developments in industrial manufacturing processes (NIL, plasma etching) and new materials (Graphene, MoS2). By the end of the project: (a) SNM technology will be used to demonstrate novel room temperature single electron and quantum effect devices; (b) a SNM technology platform will be demonstrated, showing an integrated process flow, based on SPL prototype tools, electron beam induced processing, and finally pattern transfer at industrial partner sites. An interdisciplinary team (7 Industry and 8 Research/University partners) from experienced scientists will be established to cover specific fields of expertise: chemical synthesis, scanning probe lithography, FEBIP-Litho, sub-3nm design and device fabrication, single nanometer etching, and Step-and-Repeat NIL- and novel alignment system design. The project coordinator is a University with great experience in nanostructuring and European project management where the executive board includes European industry leaders such as IBM, IMEC, EVG, and Oxford Instruments.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.07M | Year: 2013

The YEASTCELL ITN will train 11 Early Stage Researchers for productive careers as research scientists and leaders in the public or private yeast biotechnology sectors. Yeast biotechnology spans fundamental and applied research and is an area with an immediate need for highly trained researchers to advance knowledge and to develop new applications. The training consortium comprises 9 Public Sector (6 Universities, 3 Research Institutes) and 4 Private Sector (2 large companies and 2 SME) partners. A research training programme embracing the philosophy of use-inspired fundamental research has been designed to provide all 11 ESRs with interdisciplinary research training in both the public and private sectors. The research themes include yeast physiology and metabolism, metabolic engineering, mathematical modeling, genomics and bioinformatics, fermentation, synthetic biology and systems biology. In addition to training via collaborative research projects, ESRs will participate in courses at local and network levels to enhance their technical and academic skills. All ESRs will register for PhD degrees and will also take a separate postgraduate certificate course in commercialisation and entrepreneurship. Industry-led workshops, research secondments and site visits will provide specific training that prepares ESRs for research in the private sector. A comprehensive programme of advanced training in complementary topics and skills of relevance to both the public and private sectors is provided at the network level. As well as directly training 11 ESRs, the network training activities will provide opportunities for ~40 additional researchers and will promote long-term interactions between research groups at the partner Institutions. The major impact of YEASTCELL will be a cohort of highly-trained ESRs with excellent career prospects in the yeast biotechnology sector and a lasting European training and research collaboration between public and private sector partners.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2009.3.5 | Award Amount: 4.94M | Year: 2010

ICT developments both enable and also enforce large-scale, highly-connected systems in society and industry. Knowledge to cope with these emerging systems is lacking. HYCON2 will stimulate and establish the long-term integration of the European research community, leading institutions and industry in the strategic field of control of complex, large-scale, and networked dynamical systems. It will interconnect scattered groups to create critical mass and complementarity, and will provide the necessary visibility and communication with the European industries. HYCON2 will assess and coordinate basic and applied research, from fundamental analytical properties of complex systems to control design methodologies with networking, self-organizing and system-wide coordination. HYCON2 has identified several applications domains to motivate, integrate, and evaluate research in networked control. These domains are ground and aerospace transportation, electrical power networks, process industries, and biological and medical systems. Benchmarking will serve as a tool for testing and evaluating the technologies developed in HYCON2 and for stimulating and enforcing excellence by the identification and adoption of best practices. In particular, two show-case applications corresponding to real-world problems have been selected in order to demonstrate the applicability of networked control and the need for research in control. As no substantial technological breakthrough can be achieved without preparing the proper cultural background, a further important objective of HYCON2 is to spread and disseminate excellence through multi-disciplinary education at the graduate and undergraduate level. The proposed research, integration and dissemination program will make Europe both the prominent scientific and the industrial leader in the area of highly complex and networked control systems, therefore posing Europe in an extraordinary position to exploit their impact in economy and society.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2008.5.1.1. | Award Amount: 4.85M | Year: 2009

The environmental, societal, and economic drivers of an efficient urban transport system are well acknowledged and are reflected in the local transport plans of all major urban areas. The overall concept of the project is to facilitate the achievement of this goal by generating solutions to currently identified barriers that form the project imperatives, which have been established through close consultation with operators, maintainers and suppliers. In particular, the project is focussed on adoption and further development of novel inspection and sensor technologies. The project will develop an intelligent image acquisition and analysis system to enable more comprehensive and objective inspection of the track without the need for the increasingly unsafe and subjective track walking inspection. The project will also develop track sub-components with self monitoring capabilities to promote timely and knowledge based intervention for maintenance and renewal, while giving greater visibility of residual life and the need for future investments. These innovative developments are directed towards increasing the effective availability of the track infrastructure, increasing the life of new or renovated asset, reducing the cost of maintenance by timely intervention based on objective measurement of degradation and thereby provide a high quality reliable service to the end user. The project has two key drivers; firstly to contribute towards the realisation of a 24 x 7 railway by minimising the disruption caused by activities such as inspection, remedial and reactive maintenance, and track renewal. Secondly, the introduction of novel sensor and inspection technologies that focuses more on the monitoring of degradation through the measurement of deviation from identified benchmark data known as a signature tune. Both these drivers promote the use of urban transport, and tramways in particular, which contributes to lowering congestion and the impact on the environment.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.9.1 | Award Amount: 3.00M | Year: 2013

Strong statistical fluctuations in meso- and nano-scale structures make their thermodynamic properties extremely dependent on the information available about them. The most basic process illustrating the importance of information to statistical systems is the information-to-energy conversion in the famous Maxwells Demon (MD). Our primary goal is to study both experimentally and theoretically the statistics of fluctuations and the role of information in thermodynamics of the nano-scale systems. The first milestone will be the experimental realization of the nanoscale MD. We will create an experimental set-up and develop the corresponding theory of the monitored statistical evolution with feedback that optimizes the information-to-energy conversion. Our vision is to develop the nanoelectronic and bio-molecular devices that will allow us to systematically explore the limits of information-powered systems, in particular to test the Szilrds limit relating one bit of information to extracted energy. We will also study statistics of energy fluctuations as revealed via equilibrium and non-equilibrium fluctuations of temperature. Part of these fluctuations has a quantum mechanical origin, but identification of this contribution in practice poses a challenging problem. Another novel extension of the MD work will be the study of thermodynamic constraints on quantum detectors. The principal novelty of our project is that it brings a rigorous experimental component to the field presently dominated by theory. Though the concept of a MD is tremendously important for development of modern statistical mechanics, MD-type experiments are still at their infancy. Our experimental study of MD will naturally lead to further progress in the relevant theoretical concepts.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA.2009.1.1.01 | Award Amount: 4.08M | Year: 2010

The objective of SubCoast will be to develop a service for monitoring the extent and impact of subsidence in coastal lowlands and demonstrate its capability in various pilots for a variety of settings around Europe. The service will be designed to appropriately determine the effects of subsidence on current and future floodrisk in coastal lowlands, monitor the integrity of coastal barrier systems and infrastructure and assess the impact of subsidence due to natural or man-made causes (groundwater pumping and oil/gas production) on land use and hydrology. SubCoast will be built on the heritage of GMES Service Element Terrafirma and use the full capability of PS-InSAR as a earth observation technology for large scale subsidence mapping. Necessary R&D will be focused on possible augmentation of datasources and the improvement of retrieval algorithms. Subsequent validation efforts will make full use of the Terrafirma Validation Testsite and other current validation initiatives. A distributed data and information system will be set up which facilitates the accessibility and operability of EO-data, in-situ data (including geoscientific data) and model results for the selected areas. SubCoast will orient its services along existing guidelines established in previous GMES-projects, notably Terrafirma, and in line with relevant directives at European Level. End-user involvement will be realised by establishing a user federation which holds the most directly involved regional, national and European stakeholders.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 4.06M | Year: 2014

The Water Framework Directive (WFD) is the most significant EU legislation concerning surface water management. Programs of Measures are required to ensure water bodies achieve a good ecological status. It is important to predict the impact of interventions on water quality. Man-made and natural processes control surface water quality, these are highly complex with a range of sources, transport and transformation processes. Cost estimates by EU governments indicate that billions of euros will be spent over several decades to implement WFD. There is an increasing level of concern on the implementation cost (financial and carbon). Integrated water quality models designed to predict the quality of water across the linked urban and rural scales in a catchment is seen as a tool to optimise this cost. Integrated Catchment Modelling (ICM) is based on linking numerous empirically calibrated sub-models of water quality processes. Catchment scale WQ predictions are then used to justify investment. Current water quality sub-models contain significant uncertainty. Methods have been developed to quantify uncertainty at a level however little work has been carried out to investigate WQ uncertainty propagation between sub-models. QUICS will develop a generalised catchment wide approach to uncertainty assessment that can then be used in WFD implementation studies. It will address uncertainty propagation at the spatial and temporal scales found in catchments and develop tools to reduce uncertainty by optimising sampling and monitoring and the objective selection of model structure. This will reduce uncertainty in WQ predictions and result in better informed investment decisions and so have a significant impact on WFD implementation. QUICS contains leading water quality scientists, uncertainty experts and private sector water management practitioners and modellers. It will train researchers capable of developing and implementing uncertainty management tools into ICM studies.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2011.7.2-1 | Award Amount: 5.25M | Year: 2012

The growing share of electricity generation from intermittent renewable energy sources as well as increasing market-based cross border flows and related physical flows are leading to rising uncertainties in transmission network operation. In the mainland central Europe synchronous area due to large installations of renewable energy generation such as wind and photovoltaic, the difference between actual physical flows and the market exchanges can be very substantial. Remedial actions were identified by previous smart grid studies within the 6th European framework program in operational risk assessment, flow control and operational flexibility measures for this area. At the same time an efficient and sustainable electricity system requires an efficient usage of existing and future transmission capacities to provide a maximum of transportation possibilities. New interconnections and devices for load flow control will be integrated in future transmission networks and will offer new operational options. Further developments of coordinated grid security tools are one of the major challenges TSOs will face in future. The methods to be applied have to take into account all technological measures to enhance flexibility of power system operations. The zonal structure of the European energy market along with the legal responsibilities of TSOs for different system areas will continue to pose increasingly complex requirements to the system operators concerning the quality and accuracy of cooperation. The proposed UMBRELLA research and demonstration project is designed for coping with these challenging issues and boundary conditions. The toolbox to be developed will enable TSOs to ensure secure grid operation also in future electricity networks with high penetration of intermittent renewables. It enables TSOs to act in a coordinated European target system where regional strategies converge to ensure the best possible use of the European electricity infrastructure.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.9.9 | Award Amount: 11.78M | Year: 2013

The overarching goal of our project is to develop systems based on direct and deterministic interactions between individual quantum entities, which by involving large-scale entanglement can outperform classical systems in a series of relevant applications.\nWe plan to achieve that by improving technologies from atomic, molecular and optical physics as well as from solid-state physics, and by developing new ones, including combinations across those different domains. We will explore a wide range of experimental platforms as enabling technologies: from cold collisions or Rydberg blockade in neutral atoms to electrostatic or spin interactions in charged systems like trapped ions and quantum dots; from photon-phonon interactions in nano-mechanics to photon-photon interactions in cavity quantum electrodynamics and to spin-photon interactions in diamond color centers.\nWe will work on two deeply interconnected lines to build experimentally working implementations of quantum simulators and of quantum interfaces. This will enable us to conceive and realize applications exploiting those devices for simulating important problems in other fields of physics, as well as for carrying out protocols outperforming classical communication and measurement systems.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2008-1.1.1 | Award Amount: 12.34M | Year: 2009

The Integrated Infrastructure Initiative for Neutron Scattering and Muon Spectroscopy (NMI3) aims at the pan-European coordination of neutron scattering and muon spectroscopy, maintaining these research infrastructures as an integral part of the European Research Area. NMI3 comprehensively includes all major facilities in the field, opening the way for a more concerted, and thus more efficient, use of the existing infrastructure. Co-ordination and networking within NMI3 will lead to a more strategic approach to future developments and thus reinforce European competitiveness in this area. NMI3 is a consortium of 22 partners from 13 countries, including 10 research infrastructures. The objective of integration will be achieved by using several tools: * Transnational ACCESS will be provided by 10 partners offering more than 4000 days of beam time. This will give European users access to all of the relevant European research infrastructures and hence the possibility to use the best adapted infrastructure for their research. * Joint Research Activities focusing on six specific R&D areas will develop techniques and methods for next generation instrumentation. They involve basically all those European facilities and academic institutions with major parts of the relevant know-how. * Dissemination and training actions will help to enhance and to structure future generations of users. * Networking and common management will help strategic decision-making from a truly European perspective.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2011.5.2-3. | Award Amount: 3.96M | Year: 2011

In response to the calls demand for cost effective modernization of the inland fleet for freight transport, MoVe IT! develops a suite of options for the modernisation of inland ships that meet the challenges of over-aging of the fleet, climate change and stronger environmental objectives and provides decision support regarding the application of these options. In this suite of options, knowledge gained from newbuildings, technology transfer from other transport modes, improvement of energy efficiency & ecological performance, transition to the post-fossil-fuel-era and adaptation to new ADN rules are prominent. One of the main focal points of MoVe IT! is the modernisation of the ships drive and power system in a way that is matched to the conditions it will face throughout its life. This will result in significantly better performance compared to the ships old systems that are designed to fulfil a single design condition. First, the conditions the ship will encounter are established through full-scale measurements. Using the operational profiles resulting from these measurements, the ships power systems and hydrodynamics are reviewed and optimal, integrated solutions are developed that minimize investments and ecological impact while maximizing efficiency. Research topics include new power system configurations, alternative fuels, retrofitting techniques for existing engines, improved hull and propulsors and assistance to the captain for efficient sailing. Further crucial modernization measures are to increase the vessels main dimensions to achieve economical and ecological scale advantages and upgrade of old tankers to meet new ADN requirements. MoVe IT! also invests heavily in assessing the economic viability of solutions as well as their contribution to environmental improvements. Subsequently, modernisation support for ship owners, policy support and (full scale) demonstrators will contribute to lowering the acceptance threshold for modernisation.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.4.2 | Award Amount: 4.19M | Year: 2010

The popularity of immersive simulated environments for experiential learning is growing; they will be part of tomorrows learning technologies in the key area of adult training. The major challenge is to effectively align the learning experience in the simulated environment with the real world context and day-to-day job practice. ImREAL provides a new class of cost effective adaptive systems adjusted to adult learners needs: pioneering a new psycho-pedagogically sound technological approach to seamlessly link the simulated learning experience and real-world job-related experiences; developing a novel conceptual framework -augmented simulated experiential learning- enabling adaptive services to augment simulated learning by leveraging the connection with the real world; delivering a new open framework of intelligent services which can be plugged in to simulated environments to enhance self-regulated learning.\n\nThe ImREAL framework exploits and significantly extends advances in distributed architectures, context modelling, dialogic systems, semantic web, and ontological reasoning, and follows pedagogical models of adult self-regulated learning to deliver: evolving model of real world job activities, linked to storytelling and semantic content augmentation; extended model of the learner and context, aligning experiences in the simulated environment and the real-world; affective meta-cognitive scaffolding to motivate and engage learners and promote self reflection, self evaluation and self awareness.\n\nFramework validation will be in the high-impact domain of interpersonal communication with multi-cultural awareness, linked to key skills increasingly required in organisations & businesses. User trials will examine how ImREAL augments learners and trainers experiences by improving the learners interpersonal skills and abilities to set learning strategies and goals, and by enhancing trainers awareness of real job practice & training needs.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: KBBE.2011.2.5-03 | Award Amount: 1.08M | Year: 2011

There is an increasing recognition that innovation is a task for all actors in the food chain, since innovation should add value to the food chain as a whole and lead to sustainable novel applications. RECAPT aims at supporting a process that leads to closer collaborative management of innovations along the food supply chain. The overall objective of this action is to build a platform that strengthens collaboration between food scientists, food industry and the retailing and catering sectors, such that research findings can be effectively integrated into the development of innovative and sustainable products that meet consumer acceptance, thereby contributing to global competitiveness of the European food sector. More specifically, RECAPT has the following strategic objectives: 1. To promote information exchange and facilitate trust building in order to enhance innovation-oriented cooperation among the actors in the food supply chain. 2. To analyze all parameters and provide all necessary inputs for the realization and viability of those collaborations. In order to promote information exchange, facilitate trust building and enhance cooperation among actors in the food chain, a Collaborative Food Innovation Forum (CFIF) for effective dialog and collaboration between the food chain actors will be created. The CFIF will be a unique meeting place that will bring together actors from science, food manufacturing, retailing, catering and consumer organisations. Based on input from the different work packages, the CFIF will discuss issues related to promising novel technologies, consumer acceptance of new products based on novel technologies, retailer and caterer adoption of new products as well as innovation management processes in the food chain based on input from the RECAPT partners. In this way, a comprehensive view of the parameters and inputs necessary for increasing collaborative innovation activities in the European food sector will be developed.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: MG-1.6-2014 | Award Amount: 673.32K | Year: 2014

The proposed action is expected to contribute to better meeting the needs of the aerospace sector for highly skilled workforce and to enhance the mobility of aerospace students and professionals across Europe. Taking into consideration the complex skills needed by the aerospace sector, the action will develop the required learning outcomes and competence profiles for aero-engineering curricula and propose the aerospace specific accreditation criteria that would complement the existing European, national or regional accreditation systems for engineering education. The action will be developed in three distinct phases. The first phase is a conception phase. The learning outcomes and procedures will be defined looking at current practices and involving the main stakeholders of the higher education chain, from Universities to Industries and Research Establishments. The result should be a staged accreditation system, thereby gradually enhancing the quality level of the higher education degrees. The second phase is an implementation phase. The identified processes are tested on 6 aerospace curricula, from different EU countries. The third phase is a refinement phase. The results of the testing phase are compared to the expectations and the processes are updated taking into consideration the lessons learned from the testing phase. Suggestions for harmonizing the curricula and simultaneously developing knowledge and emerging technologies as well as facilitating students exchanges across the EU will be proposed. In parallel to the three phases, a dissemination and outreach activity is implemented to diffuse the culture of best practices among the EU higher education courses in the area of aerospace engineering and attract talented students to such studies. The consortium members include representatives of aerospace industry, research establishments and education institutions, participating in the major existing EU networks such as PEGASUS, EASN, ENAEE, EREA and EACP.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: SC5-15-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 3.00M | Year: 2016

Since the publication of the first list of Critical Raw Materials (CRM) in 2010 by the Ad-hoc Working Group on CRM, numerous European projects have addressed (part of) the CRMs value and several initiatives have contributed to gather (part of) the related community into clusters and associations. This led to the production of important knowledge, unfortunately disseminated. Numerous databases have also been developed, sometimes as duplicates. For the first time in the history, SCRREEN aims at gathering European initiatives, associations, clusters, and projects working on CRMs into along lasting Expert Network on Critical Raw Materials, including the stakeholders, public authorities and civil society representatives. SCRREEN will contribute to improve the CRM strategy in Europe by (i) mapping primary and secondary resources as well as substitutes of CRMs, (ii) estimating the expected demand of various CRMs in the future and identifying major trends, (iii) providing policy and technology recommendations for actions improving the production and the potential substitution of CRM, (iv) addressing specifically WEEE and other EOL products issues related to their mapping and treatment standardization and (vi) identifying the knowledge gained over the last years and easing the access to these data beyond the project. The project consortium also acknowledges the challenges posed by the disruptions required to devlop new CRM strategies, which is why stakeholder dialogue is at the core of SCRREEN: policy, society, R&D and industrial decision-makers are involved to facilitate strategic knowledge-based decisions making to be carried out by these groups. A specific attention will also be brought on informing the general public on our strong dependence on imported raw materials, on the need to replace rare materials with substitutes and on the need to set up innovative and clean actions for exploration, extraction, processing and recycling.


Jeltsema D.,Technical University of Delft | Doria-Cerezo A.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia
Proceedings of the IEEE | Year: 2012

In this paper, we consider memristors, meminductors, and memcapacitors and their properties as port-Hamiltonian systems. The port-Hamiltonian formalism naturally arises from network modeling of physical systems in a variety of domains. Exposing the relation between the energy storage, dissipation, and interconnection structure, this framework underscores the physics of the system. One of the strong aspects of the port-Hamiltonian formalism is that a power-preserving interconnection between port-Hamiltonian systems results in another port-Hamiltonian system with composite energy, dissipation, and interconnection structure. This feature can advantageously be used to model, analyze, and simulate networks consisting of complex interconnections of both conventional and memory circuit elements. Furthermore, the port-Hamiltonian formalism naturally extends the fundamental properties of the memory elements beyond the realm of electrical circuits. © 1963-2012 IEEE.


Van Der Pijl F.,Technical University of Delft | Bauer P.,Technical University of Delft | Castilla M.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics | Year: 2013

Recent improvements in semiconductor technology make efficient switching possible at higher frequencies, which benefits the application of wireless inductive energy transfer. However, a higher frequency does not alter the magnetic coupling between energy transmitter and receiver. Due to the still weak magnetic coupling between transmitting and receiving sides that are separated by a substantial air gap, energy circulates in the primary transmitting side without being transferred to the secondary receiving side. This paper introduces an energy control method that reduces energy circulation in the primary to zero. The method makes use of the fact that energy can be stored in a magnetic field by the primary side and absorbed by the secondary side. Furthermore, the secondary side converter topology is modified in order to boost the damping as seen by the primary converter at required times. Essentially, the control method realizes an energetic coupling factor of one between the air coils of the wireless transformer. The working principle of the control method has been verified with an experimental setup. © 2012 IEEE.


Llombart N.,Complutense University of Madrid | Neto A.,Technical University of Delft
IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology | Year: 2012

Optically pumped THz sources generate power in GaAs semiconductors via photoconductive interaction mechanisms over very large bandwidths. However, they are typically affected by low efficiencies, also because of the poor radiation efficiency of the wide band antennas that are used to radiate the THz power in free space. This paper compares the gain performances of systems based on state of the art linearly polarized lens antennas with the ones, proposed here for the first time, that could be obtained by printing these same antennas on micrometric membranes kept at small distance from the lens. The advantages in terms of efficiency and useful bandwidth (BW) intrinsic in these designs are shown to be important, especially in the higher frequency ranges. Among these enhanced designs, the best performing feed is shown to be the recently introduced leaky lens antenna, which outperforms other geometrical options in terms of pattern symmetry and polarization purity for time domain based THz power generation systems. © 2012 IEEE.


Pastor-Satorras R.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia | Castellano C.,CNR Institute for Complex Systems | Castellano C.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Van Mieghem P.,Technical University of Delft | And 2 more authors.
Reviews of Modern Physics | Year: 2015

In recent years the research community has accumulated overwhelming evidence for the emergence of complex and heterogeneous connectivity patterns in a wide range of biological and sociotechnical systems. The complex properties of real-world networks have a profound impact on the behavior of equilibrium and nonequilibrium phenomena occurring in various systems, and the study of epidemic spreading is central to our understanding of the unfolding of dynamical processes in complex networks. The theoretical analysis of epidemic spreading in heterogeneous networks requires the development of novel analytical frameworks, and it has produced results of conceptual and practical relevance. A coherent and comprehensive review of the vast research activity concerning epidemic processes is presented, detailing the successful theoretical approaches as well as making their limits and assumptions clear. Physicists, mathematicians, epidemiologists, computer, and social scientists share a common interest in studying epidemic spreading and rely on similar models for the description of the diffusion of pathogens, knowledge, and innovation. For this reason, while focusing on the main results and the paradigmatic models in infectious disease modeling, the major results concerning generalized social contagion processes are also presented. Finally, the research activity at the forefront in the study of epidemic spreading in coevolving, coupled, and time-varying networks is reported. © 2015 American Physical Society. © 2015 American Physical Society.


Kowalczyk S.W.,Technical University of Delft | Wells D.B.,University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign | Aksimentiev A.,University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign | Dekker C.,Technical University of Delft
Nano Letters | Year: 2012

The charge of a DNA molecule is a crucial parameter in many DNA detection and manipulation schemes such as gel electrophoresis and lab-on-a-chip applications. Here, we study the partial reduction of the DNA charge due to counterion binding by means of nanopore translocation experiments and all-atom molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Surprisingly, we find that the translocation time of a DNA molecule through a solid-state nanopore strongly increases as the counterions decrease in size from K + to Na + to Li +, both for double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) and single-stranded DNA (ssDNA). MD simulations elucidate the microscopic origin of this effect: Li + and Na + bind DNA stronger than K +. These fundamental insights into the counterion binding to DNA also provide a practical method for achieving at least 10-fold enhanced resolution in nanopore applications. © 2012 American Chemical Society.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.99M | Year: 2014

The MOLESCO network will create a unique training and research environment to develop a pool of young researchers capable of achieving breakthroughs aimed at realising the immense potential of molecular electronics. In part this will involve the major challenges of design and fabrication of molecular-scale devices. To deliver this step-change in capability, MOLESCO will coordinate the activities of internationally-leading scientists from six different countries. MOLESCO has secured the participation of nine private sector partners, including one of Europes leading industrial electronics-research laboratories (IBM ResearchZurich) as a full partner. A highly-integrated approach to the experimental and theoretical aspects of molecular-scale electronics will deliver the fundamental knowledge and new fabrication strategies needed to underpin future nanotechnologies targeted for electronics applications. MOLESCO represents a highly interdisciplinary and intersectoral collaboration between teams with an extensive portfolio of skills, including molecular synthesis, fabrication of molecular junctions, imaging of molecular junctions with atomic resolution, measurements of charge transport, and electronic structure and transport calculations. Training will be delivered in a series of high-priority actions primarily aimed at providing the researchers with an outstanding career development platform. The network has a strong focus on interdisciplinary training; it is built on several well-established and fruitful collaborations between the partners and seeks to bridge an existing educational gap in the European Research Arena. The development of complementary skills (presentation, management, technology transfer, IP protection, outreach and intersectoral training) will be implemented throughout the lifetime of the project. Specialist professional training in dissemination and outreach will be delivered by our Associate Partner BLP, a professional media production company.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-ITN | Award Amount: 4.00M | Year: 2012

This network brings together an exceptionally strong group of world leading experts in nano-science and technology in order to achieve breakthroughs in understanding and successful utilisation of nanoscale systems in future devices. The focus of the consortium is on few spin nano-systems in solid-state materials including III-V semiconductors and Carbon-based structures: carbon nano-tubes, graphene and diamonds. Such wide material base emphasizes the truly intersectoral character of this collaboration opening opportunities for crossing the boundaries between several areas of solid-state physics and technology. In order to ensure the highest impact of this collaboration in the emerging supra-disciplinary field of physics and applications of spin nano-systems, we bring together the expertise of the world top class research institutions and industry from 4 European countries. The network will deliver top international level multidisciplinary training to 11 early stage researchers and 5 experienced researchers, offering them, in particular, an extended program of multinational exchanges and secondments. The research and development under this network will undertake a broad scope of tasks important for implementation of spin nano-systems in future devices, such as non-volatile ultra-compact memories, nano-magnetometers, spin qubits for quantum information, and high-efficiency single photon sources. The objectives of the network include: (1) Realization and optical control of coherent single spins in nanostructures; (2) Spin-orbit interaction and spin-orbit qubits in nanostructures; (3) Advanced techniques for manipulation of nuclear spins on the nanoscale; (4) Generation of long-distance entanglement between single spins.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-ITN | Award Amount: 3.45M | Year: 2012

The greatest challenge for radiation therapy is to reach the highest probability of cure with the least morbidity. In practice, some difficulties remain to identify cancer cells, target them with radiation and minimize collateral damage. Over the last decades, remarkable progress has been made thanks to modern advances in computer and imaging technologies. Currently, the radiotherapy has reached a point where, besides 3D tumour morphology, time variations and biological variability within the tumour can also be taken into account. The SUMMER project is devised to produce unique software using several imaging sources (CT, MRI, PET, MR spectroscopy, fMRI, 4D PET-CT) for biological target volume delineation, based on spatial co-registration of multimodal morphologic and functional images. Furthermore, it will make additional biological information concerning tumour extension and tumour response available to radiotherapy, essential for patient treatment follow-up. Finally, radiation area will be more focused leading to less side-effect for the patient. Radiation oncology is now more dependent on medical imaging than it has ever been - and that dependence is only going to become greater. Therefore, convergence and collaboration of radiation oncology, nuclear medicine, diagnostic imaging and also computer science is the underlying driver to integrate efficiently and cost-effectively all information coming from various imaging technologies into the radiation therapy workflow. The design challenge is to combine the different level and kind of information into one interface, while currently doctors need to mentally do this operation. SUMMER will contribute to renew and strengthen this relationship through cross-disciplinary research, common workshops, and collaboration on training and education.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-ITN-2008 | Award Amount: 3.71M | Year: 2009

The scope of the present consortium is to provide technology and training for the integration of ultrasound and biophotonics based imaging with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT) and Positron Emission Tomography (PET) to define the specs of an Integrated Interventional Imaging Operating System (III OS) aimed at minimal invasive treatment of common life-threatening disorders, e.g., cancer, cardiovascular disease and structural heart defects. Effective therapy of these conditions will require a range of safe surgical and interventional devices used with the necessary visualization and tracking under real-time image guidance. The consortium includes a critical mass of industrial and university research institute partners with high expertise in design, development, and manufacture of these devices and instruments. To ensure medical the safety and economical usability of the system and to allow an optimal integration into the future hospital workflow, 6 university hospitals will contribute their clinical and administrative expertise to the consortium in the fields of Interventional Radiology/Cardiology, Anaesthesia, Oncology, General and Cardiovascular Surgery and preclinical Image guided procedures. The consortium of the IIIOS research and training process includes two Biomedical Technology Societies: DGBMT and SMIT&MEDIS Foundation in Rumania providing expert networking and conference organization. The is involved in the consortium and will play a key role in the exchange of knowledge and expertise to the new member states of the EU through hosting conferences such SMIT 2009 in Sinaia (www.smit2009.com).


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IAPP | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IAPP | Award Amount: 1.88M | Year: 2012

The SOS project aims at establishing a strategic longer term industry-academia partnership to face the research challenges related to the development of non-intrusive and pervasive surveillance systems for indoor public areas, based on an innovative combinations of passive radar technology, novel detection and tracking systems in various electromagnetic frequency range, and sensitive data processing. The scientific objective of the underlying research project is to realize a completely new sensor concept for indoor airport areas, by detecting and identifying the presence of hazardous tools, which can be concealed (under clothes or inside bags) by ill-intentioned people, without interfering neither with the normal passenger flows, nor with the normal airport operations. The project intends to study, design and develop the functional prototypes of an innovative multisensor based system, integrating active and passive radar sensors and highly complex data-fusion. The SOS project involves academic and industrial researchers, who will have the opportunity to share complementary and multidisciplinary knowledge on different radar technologies and data-fusion, in order to foster integration of these technology as well as future joint RTD. Through a dedicated Transfer of Knowledge (ToK) programme they will share their own expertise, will acquire new knowledge in complementary and intersectoral fields and will integrate their new know-how back to their home institutions. The research teams will be complemented by new recruited experienced researchers with advanced competence in the field of detection, sensitive data processing and passive tracking radar systems. The SOS system will foster globally the security level in public spaces such as airports, establish long term industry academic collaboration through a joint 10 year RTD roadmap and reach out to the general public through airport bill-boards on the benefits of RTD in this area for passengers.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-ITN-2008 | Award Amount: 4.37M | Year: 2009

The objective of BIOTRAINS is to deliver a trans-European network of industrially oriented white biotechnologists fully trained in the application of biocatalysis to sustainable chemical manufacturing. Their skills will be developed through a joint research programme at leading national CoEs (Centre of Excellence) with research projects identified by internationally leading Principal Investigators in this field. There is an urgent need for these scientists to support the KBBE (Knowledge Based BioEconomy) identified by the SUSCHEM (The European Technology Platform for Sustainable Chemistry) technology platform and they will provide the key to the European future that has defined the work programme for FP7 in this field. We present a doctoral training program where the scientific research is integrated with industrial training, supervised by key academic and industrial scientists from all the disciplines needed to deliver industrial relevant science. The UK Centre of Excellence in Biocatalysis (CoEBio3) will manage the project to ensure that the collaboration is integrated seamlessly across both academic and industrial centres, and across geographical boundaries. Most importantly, CoEBio3 will manage efficient technology transfer between the academic scientists and industry. This will ensure a state-of-the-art programme meeting current industry needs in both people and technology. A structured exchange programme with both industrial placements and CoE exchanges will ensure that national leading-edge skills together with specialist equipment training are transferred across Europe, and will define best practice for both academia and industry.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.8.2 | Award Amount: 7.14M | Year: 2010

The SOLID concept is to develop small solid-state hybrid systems capable of performing elementary processing and communication of quantum information. This involves design, fabrication and investigation of combinations of qubits, oscillators, cavities, and transmission lines, creating hybrid devices interfacing different types of qubits for quantum data storage, qubit interconversion, and communication. The SOLID main idea is to implement small solid-state pure and hybrid QIP systems on common platforms based on fixed or tunable microwave cavities and optical nanophotonic cavities. Various types of solid-state qubits will be connected to these hubs: Josephson junction circuits, quantum dots and NV centres in diamond. The approach can immediately be extended to connecting different types of solid-state qubits in hybrid devices, opening up new avenues for processing, storage and communication. The SOLID objectives are to design, fabricate, characterise, combine, and operate solid-state quantum-coherent registers with 3-8 qubits. Major SOLID challenges involve: Scalability of quantum registers; Implementation and scalability of hybrid devices; Design and implementation of quantum interfaces; Control of quantum states; High-fidelity readout of quantum information; Implementation of algorithms and protocols. The SOLID software goal is to achieve maximal use of the available hardware for universal gate operation, control of multi-qubit entanglement, benchmark algorithms and protocols, implementation of teleportation and elementary error correction, and testing of elementary control via quantum feedback. An important SOLID goal is also to create opportunities for application-oriented research through the increased reliability, scalability and interconnection of components. The SOLID applied objectives are to develop the solid-state core-technologies: Microwave engineering; Photonics; Materials science; Control of the dynamics of small, entangled quantum systems


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.1.6 | Award Amount: 4.55M | Year: 2013

Millions of people find the digital media that they want and need via social networks, and rely on recommendations to sort a flood of posts, friends, multimedia and promoted content. Todays users, however, need a new generation of smart recommendations that are able to keep pace with their moment-to-moment needs in their fast-moving, dynamically developing, mobile worlds. Achieving such social smartfeeds requires facing the grand challenge of providing recommendations that are simultaneously real-time, large-scale, socially informed, interactive and context aware.\n\nCrowdRec addresses this challenge by pioneering a breed of algorithms that combine crowdsourcing and recommendation algorithms to achieve a new generation of social smartfeeds for access and exchange of digital media in social networks. The key insight of CrowdRec is that, in order to achieve the dense, high-quality, timely information required for a truly useful social smartfeed, it is necessary to go beyond passive information collection and also beyond users immediate social circles. Instead, the necessary information can be actively acquired by using crowdsourcing to solicit input and feedback from the wider community. CrowdRec algorithms create a symbiosis between users and content: they establish reciprocal relationships that both satisfy users digital media needs and connect media with users able and willing to contribute the information necessary to improve access and exchange for the overall community.\n\nThe project pursues three scientific and technical objectives: Stream Recommendation: exploiting the ability of recommender systems to process usage patterns to create social smartfeeds useful in large-scale social networks; Crowd Engagement: designing algorithms that engage users to generate information needed for smartfeeds; Deployment and Validation: creating a both a reference implementation to support research and a real-world social networks for large-scale user trials.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.4.1 | Award Amount: 5.30M | Year: 2008

The GRAPPLE project aims at delivering to learners a technology-enhanced learning (TEL) environment that guides them through a life-long learning experience, automatically adapting to personal preferences, prior knowledge, skills and competences, learning goals and the personal or social context in which the learning takes place. The same TEL environment can be used/accessed at home, school, work or on the move (using mobile/handheld devices). GRAPPLE will include authoring tools that enable educators to provide adaptive learning material to the learners, including adaptive interactive components (visualizations, simulations, virtual reality). Authoring includes creating or importing content, assigning or extracting meaning from that content, designing learning activities and defining pedagogical properties of and adaptation strategies for the content and activities. To ensure the wide adoption of adaptation in TEL GRAPPLE will work with Open Source and commercial learning management system (LMS) developers to incorporate the generic GRAPPLE functionality in LMSs. Evaluation experiments in higher education and in industry will be performed to verify the usability of the GRAPPLE environment (for authoring and delivery) and to verify the benefits of using adaptive TEL for the learning outcome. Apart from stimulating the use of adaptive TEL by making it available to every organization using a (popular) LMS the GRAPPLE consortium will also organize training/evaluation events to help higher education institutes and companies with the adaptive learning design needed to create adaptive learning material, and to receive usability feedback which the project will use to improve the user interfaces. A distributed user modeling service architecture will help end-users to stay in control of their user profile while at the same time allowing them to use the profile to get personalized access to learning applications offered through different LMSs by different organizations.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.8.7 | Award Amount: 3.48M | Year: 2011

Information technology is partly based on magnetism (memory) and partly on electricity (processors). Increasing control over individual electron charges and spins provides new device functionality. For both charges and spins, molecular devices provide ideal test beds, which have witnessed increased interest over the last decade but the understanding and control of which is still in an infant state. The aim of ELFOS is to take single-molecule electronics to the next level in which single molecule device functionality will be exploited. We will combine different experimental test beds to gain knowledge about molecular functionality with an emphasis on the spin degrees of freedom and how to exploit these in device configurations using electric fields. In information processing, spins have the general advantage over charges in that they are less sensitive to the coupling between the molecule and its environment and hence to the molecular orientation which is difficult to control at the atomic level. Furthermore, the control of molecular spins by electric fields is preferable over magnetic-field or light-driven control since it allows for the application of strong fields at a local scale and for the fast manipulation of spin states. Guided by theoretical studies of radically new concepts, we will manipulate the molecular spin either by controlling the charge states of the molecule by the gate or by the gate directly. The molecules of interest are single-molecule magnets, spin triangles, spin chains and spin-crossover compounds. The experiments should provide an answer to key questions such as: Can individual magnetic molecules be addressed electrically as bits or qubits? and How can they be used as switches? Applied aspects are long term with high risk and high potential for applications.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.2.1 | Award Amount: 11.09M | Year: 2013

Using a proven-in-practice user-centric design methodology, TRADR develops novel S&T for human-robot teams to assist in disaster response efforts, over multiple missions: The novel S&T makes experience persistent. Various kinds of robots collaborate with human team members to explore the environment, and gather physical samples. Throughout this collaborative effort, TRADR enables the team to gradually develop its understanding of the disaster area over, multiple possibly asynchronous missions (persistent environment models), to improve team members understanding of how to work in the area (persistent multi-robot action models), and to improve team-work (persistent human-robot teaming).


The objective of this design study is to address all key issues related to the feasibility of a new research infrastructure with a clear European dimension, named LIVING LAB, that will: Advance the field of user centred research (i.e. by studying the interaction of people with innovations for the home), Test, evaluate and improve innovations for the home, Foster societal needs such as sustainability and quality of life, Stimulate competitiveness of European industry (that brings these innovations to the market). LIVING LAB will bring together Europes top research institutes and companies to study the interaction of people with technology in the home environment, and to stimulate cooperative projects in the fields of user centred research and product development. A LIVING LAB-core infrastructure will look like an ordinary house, but (invisible to its inhabitants, who are all volunteers) it will have sensors, cameras and microphones that record every aspect of home life. The behaviour and interactions of the volunteers can be monitored at any point in the day throughout the duration of their stay. One key advantage of the LIVING LAB over other simulation setups is that products can be evaluated in a real-life environment, over a prolonged period of time. This way, researchers and product developers can achieve a deeper understanding and uncover valuable insights about how people interact with products, leading to the development of better products, with real benefits for consumers and a better chance of succeeding in the market. In particular, the LIVING LAB will focus on sustainable and quality-of-life-enhancing innovations. As the LIVING LAB research infrastructure will be made up of several LIVING LAB-centres and affiliated research institutes and corporate labs, networked across Europe, parallel research in several facilities can be done, as well as studies into the cultural diversity of European consumers.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP.2012.2.1-3 | Award Amount: 4.28M | Year: 2013

This project deals with the creation of a new, unique self-healing thermal barrier coating (TBC) for turbines and other thermally loaded structures in order to realize a significant extension of the lifetime of critical high-temperature components. The concept is based on novel Al2O3 coated Mo-Si particles embedded in the TBC layer, typically consisting of yttria-stabilised zirconia. As the current TBCs do not exhibit any self-repair, the new self-healing TBC will offer a reduction of the number of TBC replacements during an engine lifetime and enhance the reliability of the critical components. Ceramic thermal barrier coatings are applied on the most critical parts of engines, because it enhances the engine efficiency by allowing higher operation temperatures, which saves fuel and thus reduces CO2 emissions. Furthermore, it protects the high-tech structural components against severe high-temperature corrosion and consequently extends the lifetime of these components. The primary goal of this project is to realize and optimize the self-healing capacity of thermal barrier coatings with Mo-Si based dispersed particles for application in aero engines and industrial gas turbine engines to prolong the lifetime of their components. This will be achieved through a combined theoretical, experimental and modelling approach of a new, innovative self-healing concept. Upon local fracture of the TBC, these particles fill the crack initially with a glassy phase that subsequently reacts with the matrix to form a load bearing crystalline ceramic phase. This prospective self-healing concept can be exploited to other high temperature structural ceramics as well. The approach as formulated in this proposal has the potential to initiate a new school to design durable high temperature ceramic systems. The project is structured around interrelated work packages, each with clearly defined tasks and deliverables. The project as a whole will span the technology readiness levels (TRLs) 1-5.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 3.97M | Year: 2016

This network brings together world-leading experts in nano-science and technology from 6 European countries in order to achieve breakthroughs in understanding and successful utilization of nanoscale solid-state spin systems in emerging quantum technologies. The proposed innovative science in the supra-disciplinary field of physics and applications of spin nano-systems will underpin breakthrough developments in quantum computing, quantum communications and networks, and nano-imaging. Important innovative step consolidating the joint effort of the whole consortium is the focus on crystalline solids where magnetic interactions of electron spins with lattice nuclei are negligible and well-controlled. We will develop electrically-controlled spin-quantum-bits (qubits) in Si-Ge quantum dots and nanowires; will optically manipulate spin impurities in diamond in applications for quantum computing and networks and in nano-magnetometry; will achieve new understanding of quantum phenomena due to the spin-valley coupling in atomically thin 2D semiconductors, an emerging class of materials with a promise for quantum technologies. Research training to 15 early stage researchers will be delivered by 14 academic and 7 industrial groups. Network-wide training course in transferable skills will be specially developed and delivered by the Think Ahead (Sheffield), an award winning initiative at the University of Sheffield (award by the Times Higher Education, 2014). Current proposal is designed to advance this multi-disciplinary research field significantly beyond the state-of-the-art, and train a new cohort of researchers capable of developing spin-based solid-state quantum technologies towards real-life applications in the next 5 to 10 years.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 3.53M | Year: 2015

The continuous increase of the share of renewable energy sources is redefining the electrical networks. In future infrastructures, an important number of agents (sources, storage devices and consumers) will have intelligent interfaces allowing the regulation of the injection and extraction of power into the grid. This context will create multiple alternatives to increase the efficiency in electricity generation and consumption, to reduce energy costs and to provide a more reliable operation of electrical grids. These future networks will be only possible with suitable control algorithms. INCITE is a multi-sectoral consortium gathering experts on control and power systems, from academia and industry with the purpose of providing innovative control solutions for the future electrical networks.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2010.3.1.3-1 | Award Amount: 4.92M | Year: 2011

The recycling of end-of-life concrete into new concrete is one of the most interesting options for reducing worldwide natural resources use and emissions associated with the building materials sector. The production of the cement used in concrete, for example, is responsible for at least 5% of worldwide CO2 emissions. On-site reuse of clean silica aggregate from old concrete saves natural resources and reduces transport and dust, while the re-use of the calcium-rich cement paste has the potential to cut carbon dioxide emissions in the production of new cement by a factor of two. In order to achieve this goal, a new system approach is studied in which automatic quality control assesses and maintains high standards of concrete demolition waste from the earliest stage of recycling, and novel breaker/sorting technology concentrates silica and calcium effectively into separate fractions at low cost (Figure 1.1). Finally, the smaller calcium-rich fraction, which is typically also rich in fine organic residues, is converted into new binding agents by thermal processing, and mixed with the aggregate into new mortar. Next to technological advances, certification and design guidelines are developed to use the recycle concrete in a responsible and optimal way. The project aims to develop three innovative technologies for recycling end-of-life concrete, integrate them with state-of-the-art demolition and building processes and procedures, and test the new system approach on two Dutch concrete towers involving 70,000 tons of concrete. A special feature of this large case study is a new type of government contract which links the recycling of the towers to the re-use of the recycled materials in new buildings. The results of the project will be used to determine which kinds of strategies and policies are most effective to facilitate an efficient transition towards optimal value recovery from Construction and Demolition Waste and sustainable building.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.3 | Award Amount: 4.62M | Year: 2010

Chip2Foil aims at realising a technology platform for low cost placement and interconnection of ultra thin chips on polymer foils, within a high volume, reel-to-reel production concept. This competence allows realising a broad variety of disposable communicative packages. These packages provide increased interaction between the packed product, the package and the user through near-field communication systems, allowing improved intelligent control of the logistic process of high volume applications like medicine and food. The chosen demonstrator is a Smart Blister package, which monitors the medicine taking behaviour of patients to ensure therapy compliance. Therapy non-compliance is a severe ethical and economic problem, leading to considerable numbers of casualties per year and high health care cost.A breakthrough is needed to raise the throughput of ultra thin chip placement and interconnection while reducing the cost. Target values are: chip thickness 10-20m, 10-50 chips/second, package thickness 30-50m, and assembly cost reduction 50%.The proposed Chip2Foil technical concept combines two main elements: (1) self-assembly for high speed chip placement with moderate accuracy, and (2) an adaptive circuitry approach, which compensates the initial placement errors and creates electrical interconnects after the chips have been placed.The objectives of Chip2Foil are to develop the main technology building blocks for the self-assembly and the adaptive circuitry approach, to determine and evaluate a preferred integration of these techniques, and to demonstrate and evaluate a complete process flow by realising a communicative foil package for the Smart Blister application.The consortium of 7 partners (4 industrial of which 1 global end-user, 2 research centres, 1 university) are leading partners in the field of flexible electronics and chip integration.The duration is 36 months, the total cost is ~4.7M, the EU contribution is ~3M.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2011-1.1.21. | Award Amount: 11.58M | Year: 2012

RadioNet is an I3 that coordinates all of Europes leading radio astronomy facilities in an integrated cooperation to achieve transformational improvement in the quality and quantity of the scientific research of European astronomers. RadioNet3 includes 27 partners operating world-class radio telescopes and/or performing cutting-edge R&D in a wide range of technology fields important for radio astronomy. RadioNet3 proposes a work plan that is structured into 6 NAs, 7 TNAs and 4 JRAs with the aim to integrate and optimise the use and development of European radio astronomy infrastructures. The general goals of RadioNet3 are to: - facilitate, for a growing community of European researchers, access to the complete range of Europes world-leading radio-astronomical facilities, including the ALMA telescope; - secure a long-term perspective on scientific and technical developments in radio astronomy, pooling resources and expertise that exist among the partners; - stimulate new R&D activities for the existing radio infrastructures in synergy with ALMA and the SKA; - contribute to the implementation of the vision of the ASTRONET Strategic Plan for European Astronomy by building a sustainable and world leading radio astronomical research community. RadioNet3 builds on the success of two preceeding I3s under FP6 and FP7, but it also takes a leap forward as it includes facilitation of research with ALMA via a dedicated NA, and 4 pathfinders for the SKA in its TNA Program. It has a transparent and efficient management structure designed to optimally support the implementation of the project. RadioNet is now recognized by funding agencies and international project consortia as the European entity representing radio astronomy and facilitating the access to and exploitation of excellent facilities in this field. This is of paramount importance, as a dedicated, formal European radio astronomy organisation to coordinate and serve the needs of this community does not yet exist.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.6 | Award Amount: 4.03M | Year: 2008

E-STARS project aims at developing enhanced sensing and communication capability on an autonomous smart micro system powered by a new 3D high capacity integrated micro battery. According to the experts, the market of wireless smart sensors should generate revenues more than 5 billion euro in 2011 (source: http://www.rfidjournal.com). Faced with such future strong technical and economical impact, it is of strategic importance to maintain the Europes leadership in these domains. Considered as an RandD topic of high relevance in such domain (EpoSS Strategic Research Agenda), the energy-management, scavenging and storing techniques aspects will be particularly investigated by the E-STARS project.\nThe objective is to reach higher energy-management and autonomy performance packed in a smaller volume. The innovative 3D architectures micro batteries will increase by 5 to 10 the battery capacity (from 100 Ah/cm to 1 000 Ah/cm) and power (from 5 mW/cm to 50 mW/cm) compared to traditional solutions. To do so, the consortium will investigate completely new deposition processes for micro battery layers such as Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD), electrospraying and electrodeposition in order to obtain 3D higher aspect ratio aspects. \nThe consortium involves well known complementary research partners (CEA, TUDELFT and UNIVERSITY of PARIS XI), industrial partners (MOTOROLA, STMICROELECTRONICS), as well ad SMEs (BIOAGE and CORA TINE TEORANTA) from 5 EU countries. \nAs a STREP project, E-STARS addresses clearly the objective 6 of challenge 3 of the ICT call 2 : Micro/nanosystems. The targeted applications within the project are : wearable intelligent micro sensors, wireless networked sensors associated to an intelligent data to internet platform and innovative nanogravimetric sensors and biosensors.\nMore globally, thanks to an optimized dissemination of the result, the project will provide the EU industry with new highly autonomous wireless sensors to face the strong competition in this field.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-ITN | Award Amount: 4.13M | Year: 2012

SMARTNET (Soft materials advanced training network) is an ITN at the interface of chemistry, physics, and biology, and deals with the science and technology of molecular soft materials. Soft matter (e.g. gels, emulsions, membranes) is of great societal and economic impact in fields such as food industry, cosmetics, oil extraction and increasingly in high value areas such as biomedicine and nanotechnology. Soft matter is formed when fluids are mixed with molecular additives, giving rise to molecular level structuring. Polymers and inorganic materials have been widely used in this context, but are unlikely to meet future performance requirements for high-tech applications. SMARTNET is focused on conceptually novel approaches towards the next generation of soft matter, based on self-assembling small molecules as promising alternatives to existing systems. The design of molecular components and control of self-assembly processes allows for organization across length scales leading to emergent properties and functions, and will impact on 21st century health care, biomedicine and energy-related technologies. SMARTNET provides a unique multidisciplinary training opportunity and a step change in understanding and exploitation of these systems. A competitive advantage will be achieved by close integration of world-class expertise in molecular design, self-assembly and nanofabrication, photo-chemistry and -physics, multiscale modeling, state-of-the-art scattering and spectroscopy, with application areas such as biomedical, opto-electronic and catalytic materials. SMARTNET consolidates, through international and cross-disciplinary coordination and integration of 9 teams, leading EU research efforts in the area of supramolecular soft matter and offers unique opportunities to the highest level of training-through-research projects.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2011.4.4-4. | Award Amount: 37.57M | Year: 2011

The ESPOSA project will develop and integrate novel design and manufacture technologies for a range of small gas turbine engines up to approx. 1000 kW to provide aircraft manufacturers with better choice of modern propulsion units. It will also deal with engine related systems which contribute to the overall propulsion unit efficiency, safety and pilot workload reduction. Through the newly developed design tools and methodologies for the engine/aircraft integration the project will also contribute to the improved readiness for new turbine engines installation into aircraft. New technologies and knowledge gained through the ESPOSA project will provide European general aviation industry with substantially improved ability to develop and use affordable and environmentally acceptable propulsion units and reliable aircraft systems minimizing operating costs, while increasing the level of safety. The new engine systems and engine technologies gained from ESPOSA should deliver 10-14% reduction in direct operating costs (DOC) and reduce significantly the pilot workload. The ESPOSA project is oriented on turbine engine technologies tailored for a small aircraft up to 19 seats (under CS-23/FAR23) operated on the scheduled and non-scheduled flights. The research work comprises performance improvements of key engine components, their improved manufacture in terms of costs and quality. New engine component technologies will be backed by novel modern electronic engine control based on COTS, pioneering the engine health monitoring for small engines and providing new more electric solutions for fuel and propeller control systems. Project activities will include extensive validation on the test rigs. The most appropriate technologies according to value/cost benefit will be selected and integrated into functional complexes and further evaluated on the engine test beds. The functionality of certain project outcomes will also be demonstrated and validated in-flight conditions.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-16-2015 | Award Amount: 5.57M | Year: 2016

Around 50% of the global population lives in metropolitan areas, and this is expected to grow to 75% by 2050. Mobility within these areas is complex as it involves multiple modalities of transport, multiple managing authorities, as well as several millions of citizens. The cost of inefficiency in transport and mobility are enormous. For example, inefficiency costs the UK economy 5.8 billion each year. 583 million is wasted on fuel (e.g. traffic congestion) alone each year, which attributes to increased urban pollution and CO2. Hold-ups to business or freight vehicles amounts to 1.5bn annually. Mobility generates huge amounts of data thought thousands of sensors, city cameras, and connected cars, as well as millions of citizens connected through their mobile devices. If properly managed, this data can be used to understand, optimise and manage mobility and make it more efficient, sustainable and resilient. SETA will address this challenge, creating a technology and methodology able to use this wealth of data to change the way mobility is organised, monitored and planned in large metropolitan areas. The solution will be able to collect, process, link and fuse high-volume, high-velocity, multi-dimensional, heterogeneous, cross-media, cross-sectorial data and to use it to model mobility with a precision, granularity and dynamicity that is impossible with todays technologies. Such models will be the basis of pervasive services to citizens and business, as well as decision makers to support safe, sustainable, effective, efficient and resilient mobility. The project has the potential to impact the everyday lives of millions of people, their health and the environment with enormous financial and social impact. SETAs solution will be evaluated rigorously by citizens, business and decision makers in 3 cities across Europe. The proposal includes a commercialisation plan and describes the economy of managing the SETA ecosystem in a metropolitan area.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-19-2015 | Award Amount: 3.60M | Year: 2016

Whereas many tools for e-participation have been developed to involve citizens and large stakeholder groups, there are no digital instruments which enable the creative participation of the citizenship on a massive scale. The new co-design environment U_CODE enables communication and collaboration between large numbers of citizen and professional experts. Key novelty is a Public Project Space for non-professional civic users: a highly accessible, low-threshold public interface. For citizens who want to engage actively in the design process, a Project Play Ground is provided which features highly experiential design tools. Second key novelty of U_CODE is a collaboration platform which connects the Project Play Ground to professional urban designers. This Co-design Workspace is a unidirectional exchange hub between public users and professionals. It supports the collection of project relevant information, the generation of initial impulses, and the discussion of propositions in the early phase of the design. Key catalysers for co-design and communication are Moderated Models (MoM) that are exchanged and iterated between professionals and the public until mutual understanding is found. The Moderated Models are derivatives from a cloud-based Project Information Model (PIM) which integrates all project relevant information, including technical data as well as public input. Moderated models are published in the public Project Play Ground as to stimulate feedback e.g. via Social Media. U_CODE will assess the proposals on semantic and emotional level, in order to devise early detection of resistance against projects, and to prevent the build-up of negative public sentiment. U_CODE will enable professional creatives to utilise the publics creativity, to follow public opinions and sentiments, and to derive design intelligence from them. The design and decision making process will be informed and transformed by impulses of citizen experts as a driving force.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-02-2015 | Award Amount: 6.14M | Year: 2016

Within the project SURE (Novel Productivity Enhancement Concept for a Sustainable Utilization of a Geothermal Resource) the radial water jet drilling (RJD) technology will be investigated and tested as a method to increase inflow into insufficiently producing geothermal wells. Radial water jet drilling uses the power of a focused jet of fluids, applied to a rock through a coil inserted in an existing well. This technology is likely to provide much better control of the enhanced flow paths around a geothermal well and does not involve the amount of fluid as conventional hydraulic fracturing, reducing the risk of induced seismicity considerably. RJD shall be applied to access and connect high permeable zones within geothermal reservoirs to the main well with a higher degree of control compared to conventional stimulation technologies. A characterization of the parameters controlling the jet-ability of different rock formations, however, has not been performed for the equipment applied so far. SURE will investigate the technology for deep geothermal reservoir rocks at different geological settings such as deep sedimentary basins or magmatic regions at the micro-, meso- and macro-scale. Laboratory tests will include the determination of parameters such as elastic constants, permeability and cohesion of the rocks as well as jetting experiments into large samples in. Samples will be investigated in 3D with micro CT scanners and with standard microscopy approaches. In addition, advanced modelling will help understand the actual mechanism leading to the rock destruction at the tip of the water jet. Last but not least, experimental and modelling results will be validated by controlled experiments in a quarry (mesoscale) which allows precise monitoring of the process, and in two different geothermal wells. The consortium includes the only company in Europe offering the radial drilling service.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: ECSEL-RIA | Phase: ECSEL-01-2014 | Award Amount: 27.39M | Year: 2015

This project will research new technologies for CMOS image sensors that are needed in the next generation of several application domains. The image sensor research will focus on enhancing the capabilities of current imaging devices: New design (architectures) and technology (e.g. 3D stacking) for better pixels (lower noise, higher dynamic range, new functionality within the pixel) and more pixels (higher spatial and temporal resolutions) at higher speed, time-of-flight pixels, local (on-chip) image processing, embedded CCD in CMOS TDI pixels. Extended sensitivity and functionality of the pixels: extension into infrared, filters for hyper-and multi-spectral imaging, better colour filters, programmable filters with LCD cells. Application domains that will be covered are: Digital Lifestyle: Broadcast, Digital Cinema & Entertainment, Smart home (Grass Valley, Angenieux, Silios, Delft University of Technology, SoftKinetic) Smart Production (IMEC, C-cam) High-end Security (Adimec, Angenieux, Le2i, TNO) Agriculture and food sorting using hyper- and multi-spectral imaging and programmable filters (Silios, Le2i) Medical healthcare: diagnostics using multi-/hyper-spectral imaging and programmable filters (Adimec, TNO, Silios, Quest and Focal) Gas detection using multi spectral IR imagers (Sofradir) Security: gas sensing (Sofradir) The prototype CMOS image sensors for several application domains will be demonstrated together with the sensor related processing.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: FoF.NMP.2013-7 | Award Amount: 11.42M | Year: 2013

Factory-in-a-Day aims at improving the competitiveness of European manufacturing SMEs by removing the primary obstacle for robot automation; installation time and installation cost. The high costs result in payback periods, making the investment in robotized automation economically unattractive. Factory-in-a-Day will reduce the installation time (and the related cost) from months to one single day. The project follows the steps of such an installation day. (1) New standardized arms, mobile platforms, and hands are combined with 3D printed custom parts to be designed in a matter of hours from novel design templates. (2) Robots are placed in an unaltered production location, where new self-calibration routines and a novel software framework allow effortless interconnection of robot components and existing machinery. (3) For selected application domains (e.g. mould finishing and assembly) a set of novel learnable skills (cf. Apps) allow rapid teaching of the production tasks. (4) The robots collaborate safely with humans in a shared un-fenced workspace due to safe robot arms with dynamic obstacle avoidance, made possible by novel proximity-sensing skin and online path re-planning algorithms. Augmented reality lets the robots project their intended motion plans to inform the workers. (5) Finally, Factory-in-a-Day also innovates the organizational aspects of robot installation. The project is driven by Europes top robotics researchers (e.g. TUD, KUL, TUM, Fraunhofer) and industry players (Philips, Universal Robotics, Siemens, Materialise). The second-largest temp agency Randstad and its participating client SMEs will test hybrid human-robot teams performing short-batch production work. Together with novel certification procedures proposed in Factory-in-a-Day and strong , Europe-wide dissemination targeted at manufacturing industry, the technological and organizational innovations are poised to radically change the robot automation sector.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-26-2016 | Award Amount: 7.65M | Year: 2017

ROSIN will create a step change in the availability of high-quality intelligent robot software components for the European industry. This is achieved by building on the existing open-source Robot Operating System (ROS) framework and leveraging its worldwide community. ROS and its subsidiary ROS-Industrial (European side led by TU Delft and Fraunhofer) is well-known, but its European industrial potential is underestimated. The two main critiques are (1) is the quality on par with industry, and (2) is there enough European industrial interest to justify investing in it? Partially, the answer is yes and yes; ample industrial installations are already operational. Partially however, the two questions hold each other in deadlock, because further quality improvement requires industrial investment and vice versa. ROSIN will resolve the deadlock and put Europe in a leading position. For software quality, ROSIN introduces a breakthrough innovation in automated code quality testing led by IT University Copenhagen, complemented with a full palette of quality assurance measures including novel model-in-the-loop continuous integration testing with ABB robots. Simultaneously, more ROS-Industrial tools and components will be created by making 50% of the ROSIN budget available to collaborating European industrial users and developers for so-called Focused Technical Projects. ROSIN maximizes budget efficacy by alleviating yet another deadlock; experience shows that industry will fund ROS-Industrial developments, but only after successful delivery. ROSIN provides pre-financing for developers which will be recovered into a future revolving fund to perpetuate the mechanism. Together with broad education activities (open for any EU party) led by Fachhochshule Aachen and community-building activities led by Fraunhofer, ROSIN will let ROS-Industrial reach critical mass with further self-propelled growth resulting in a widely adopted, high-quality, open-source industrial standard.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2011-1.1.17. | Award Amount: 15.90M | Year: 2012

Advanced solutions to the challenges that confront our technology-based society from energy and environment to health are crucially dependent on advanced knowledge of material properties down to the atomic scale. Neutron and Muon spectroscopy offer unique analytical tools for material investigation. They are thus an indispensible building block of the European Research Area and directly address the objectives of the Innovation Union Flagship Initiative. The knowledge creation via neutron and muon spectroscopy relies on the performance of a closely interdependent eco-system comprising large-scale facilities and academic and industrial users. The Integrated Infrastructure Initiative for Neutron and Muon Spectroscopy (NMI3) aims at a pan-European integration of the main actors within this eco-system. The NMI3 coordination effort will render public investment more efficient by harmonizing and reinforcing the services provided to the user community. It will thus directly contribute to maintaining Europes world-leading position. NMI3 is a comprehensive consortium of 18 partners from 11 different countries that includes all major providers of neutrons and muons in Europe. NMI3 exploits all tools available within I3s to realize its objectives. - Transnational Open Access will build further capacity for European users. It will foster mobility and improve the overall creation of scientific knowledge by providing the best researchers with the opportunity to use the most adapted infrastructures. - Joint Research activities will create synergies in innovative instrument development that will feed directly into improved and more efficient provision of services to the users. - Networking activities will reinforce integration by harmonizing procedures, setting standards and disseminating knowledge. Particular attention is given to train young people via the European Neutron and Muon School as well as through an e-learning platform.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2012-1 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2012

This project is for the development and industrialization of a novel medium-speed wind turbine drivetrain (WTDT) designed to have an intrinsically higher reliability than the current most widely used high-speed WTDT, which employs a 3-stage gearbox and doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) with partially-rated converter. The reason that this existing WTDT is so widely employed is that it is cost-effective because it makes use of widely available industrial components and adopts a low-cost partially-rated converter. The proposed medium-speed WTDT leverages the advantages of the existing DFIG WTDT, but also improves upon the intrinsic reliability by adopting: a) Medium-speed Brushless DFIG, excluding brush-gear and slip-rings, known to be the highest failure rate components in the generator; b) Partially-rated converter, identical to the high-speed WTDT; c) 2-stage gearbox, excluding the third high-speed stage, known to be the highest failure rate section of the gearbox. The project aims to move the Brushless DFIG technology from being a promising and proven concept, demonstrated in small-scale, to an optimized industrial-scale drivetrain for multi-MW wind turbines. The Brushless DFIG has been demonstrated on a 20 kW wind turbine and most recently, a 250 kW prototype generator on a test bed. However, in order to make the generator commercially attractive, its performance must be optimized to industrial levels and be demonstrated on a real size drivetrain. Further, its mechanical and electrical integration within a wind turbine system must be optimized with respect to cost, weight and size, including converter, generator, gearbox, controller and associated Condition Monitoring System (CMS). The project will study several aspects of the Brushless DFIG including its design, operation, grid connection, control and condition monitoring with an aim to optimize and improve the drivetrain performance for wind generation. Furthermore, its integration into a WTDT and optimization on a system-level will be carried out. A 3 MW medium-speed Brushless DFIG drivetrain will be designed which will be utilized the follow-on exploitation phase to build and test a 3 MW prototype system.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2013.6.4-3 | Award Amount: 6.53M | Year: 2014

Coastal floods are one of the most dangerous and harmful natural hazards affecting urban areas adjacent to shorelines. Rapid urbanisation combined with climate change and poor governance means a significant increase in the risk of local surface flooding coinciding with high water levels in rivers and high tide or storm surges from the sea, posing a greater risk of devastation to coastal communities. The threats posed need to be addressed not just in terms of flood prediction and control, but taking into account governance and socio-economic issues. PEARL brings together world leading expertise in both the domain of hydro-engineering and risk reduction and management services to pool knowledge and practical experience in order to develop more sustainable risk management solutions for coastal communities focusing on present and projected extreme hydro-meteorological events. The project will examine 7 case studies from across the EU to develop a holistic risk reduction framework that can identify multi-stressor risk assessment, risk cascading processes and strengthen risk governance by enabling an active role for key actors. The research programme links risk and root cause assessment through enhanced FORIN methodology, event prediction, forecast and warning, development of adaptive structural and non-structural strategies and active stakeholder participation. The project aims to develop novel technologies and methods that can improve the early warning process and its components; it builds a pan-European knowledge base gathering real case studies and demonstrations of best practice across the EU to support capacity development for the delivery of cost-effective risk-reduction plans. Additionally, the project provides an interface to relevant ongoing tsunami work: it plugs into global databases, early warning systems and processes at WMO, and contributes to community building, development of guidelines and communication avenues at the global level through IWA.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: HEALTH-2009-1.2-3 | Award Amount: 16.85M | Year: 2010

The SUBLIMA project aims at truly simultaneous, fully integrated, solid-state PET/MR technology for concurrent functional and anatomical imaging with unsurpassed image quality. It will combine the extremely sensitive functional imaging possibilities provided by PET with the excellent soft-tissue contrast and complementary functional imaging capabilities of MR. For the first time, time-of-flight (ToF) and depth-of-interaction (DoI) correction will be introduced together into a PET/MR system. SUBLIMA will also be the first to exploit the unique advantages of truly simultaneous PET/MR acquisition by enabling fully 4D MR-derived motion correction. Furthermore, artefacts seen in PET-CT will be eliminated by developing MR-based, motion-compensated PET attenuation correction. The SUBLIMA platform will thus realize a breakthrough in image quality and enable novel applications in oncology, cardio-vascular medicine, and neuro-degenerative diseases. SUBLIMA will not only introduce new methods and technologies in each important component of the imaging chain, but it will also analyse the system performance as a function of all relevant design parameters, in order to push the image quality to the physical limits by optimally merging these innovations into 7T preclinical and 3T whole-body human demonstrator systems. This integrated approach also warrants adaptation of the project results for optimum performance in stand-alone PET and SPECT applications. The consortium, lead by Philips, consists of universities, research institutes, industrial partners, and SMEs, spread over 7 different countries including the USA. While each partner has shown exceptional quality in its own field, the consortium brings together the wide and complementary range of expertise necessary to push the performance of ToF-PET/MR to the physical limits.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT-2007-6.2-02 | Award Amount: 7.41M | Year: 2008

SAFAR will focus on the development of a future avionics architecture for small aircraft providing easy and safe control of the aircraft. SAFAR aims at a significant reduction of pilot workload and an increase of safety during all phases of flight and ground operations incl. take-off and landing. In order to achieve this, SAFAR will provide the aircraft with easy handling characteristics and flight envelope protection at any time. The pilot flies the aircraft mainly via a stick controller and throttle lever. Switching between flight control and flight guidance modes will be performed automatically by the system - transparent for the pilot. SAFAR shall also provide the capability to take full advantage of the results of SESAR. Advanced ATC and even ATM will be supported in a way of maximum on-board automatism. In long term four dimensional flight vectoring as a result of the on-board ATM/FM shall be executed automatically. In mid term, four dimensional flight vectoring is expected to come from ATC via ADS-B. After being checked by the pilot via display, SAFAR will provide the capability for automatic execution of the flight vectoring (flight trajectories) after engagement by the pilot. The clear objective of SAFAR is to keep the handling characteristics of the A/C for all modes of control, i.e. manual control, control via flight guidance and control via flight management in combination with ATC resp. ATM, as easy as possible. Additionally, growth potential for autonomous emergency flight procedures in cases of sudden pilot medical diseases resp. incapacitation or total loss of engine power will be provided. Base for the implementation of SAFAR functions will be an advanced safety-critical, fault-tolerant fly-by-wire platform applicable to small aircraft. The platform will comprise computing resources, a human machine interface, a mainly satellite-based fault-tolerant attitude/navigation system and a safety-critical electric power supply with all-electric actuators


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.6 | Award Amount: 5.16M | Year: 2008

NEMSIC addresses the future intelligent sensor and actuator systems in which solid-state semiconductor micro/nanodevices and micro/nano-mechanical devices are co-integrated for new functionalities and increased performance.The project proposes the exploration and development of low power sensing micro/nanosystems based on Nano-Electro-Mechanical (NEM) structures integrated on a Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI) or Silicon-On-Nothing (SON) technological platform. The applications that drive the technological NEM-based smart system demonstrators are gas (COx, NOx, SOx) and biological sensing (DNA, proteins and other molecules), dedicated to critical environment monitoring and applications in the fields of genetics, pharmacology and drug discovery. NEM technology will be combined with silicon CMOS technology involving novelty and scientific/technical challenges at three levels: (i) system level, addressing the challenge of true nano-micro interfaces, where signals detected by arrays of nanostructures are processed by smartly designed low power CMOS circuitry, (ii) device level, where novel true hybrid NEM-FET devices support new highly sensitive detection scheme and power management via sleep switches and (iii) technology level, where nanotechnology processes (top down processed nanobeams and nanogaps, featuring sub-100nm dimensions) will be developed and combined with advanced functionalization techniques for dedicated sensing that stays compatible with CMOS in future IC-embedded or post-IC approaches. The reliability of the NEM structures, combined with prospects for 0-level packaging are studied as key challenges for the success of such Nano-electro-mechanical-system-integrated-circuits (NEMSIC).Finally, NEMSIC is expected to provide the end-users with flexible design methodologies based on advanced but well-controlled SOI or SON technology platforms, with predictable performances and associated cost effectiveness.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP.2012.2.1-3 | Award Amount: 6.20M | Year: 2013

Overall objective of the SHINE project is to develop a novel generation of elastomers that undergo spontaneous self-healing, leading to enhanced durability and reliability of the products made thereof (dynamic seals, shock absorbers, anti-vibration devices for vehicles, roads, railroads and bridges). The elastomers can heal without human intervention and can undergo multiple healing stages. They can prevent damage propagation by healing the microcracks or repair themselves in the case of accidental break. The objectives include also developing and standardizing test methods to quantify the efficiency and effectiveness of the self-healing process. The scientific and technical concept is based on the use of dynamic crosslinks both covalent and supramolecular (H-bonds and ionic interactions) that can be broken and reversibly reestablished to provide self-healing. Supported by the SHINE Exploitation Plan the new elastomers will be used to formulate, compound, manufacture and evaluate the final products as listed above. The results will be disseminated to initiate further research in this field. The products made by the self-healing elastomers will have prolonged lifetime, will increase reliability and enhance safety when used in vehicles, machinery and transportation infrastructure. The societal benefits are in reduction of roads incidents, injuries and fatalities, reduction in environmental pollution, and reduction of urban noise. The economic benefits include less road maintenance work, less traffic jams and waste of time associated with this, savings in energy and natural resources consumption, reduced machinery idle time due to frequent reparations, and reduced transportation costs, which will eventually improve the competitiveness of the European industry. A total of 574 person-months with project duration of 42 months are proposed for achieving the objectives of the project. SHINE has a budget of 6,2 million , with a requested EC funding of 3,9 million .


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2008-4.0-2 | Award Amount: 12.21M | Year: 2009

The project addresses from one site the most critical and costly step to produce liquid fuel from natural gas using conventional routes, e.g. the stage of syngas production, and from the other side explores alternative routes to convert natural gas to liquid transportable products. The general objective is to explore novel and innovative (precompetitive) routes for transformation of natural gas to liquid products, particularly suited for remote areas to facilitate the transport. The aim is an integrated multi-disciplinary approach to develop in a long term vision the next-stage catalysts and related precompetitive technologies for gas to liquid conversion, in fully consistence with the indications of the call. For this reason, we have excluded to consider as part of the project catalytic technologies, such as FT synthesis and hydrocracking. In addition, we have excluded to investigate coal to liquid, both due to environmental impact of the use of coal, and to focus R&D. We have thus focused the project on three cluster lines: 1. new, not conventional routes for catalytic syngas formation from natural gas which include steps of separation by membrane and eventual reuse of byproducts; 2. direct catalytic conversion of methane to methanol/DME; 3. direct catalytic conversion of methane to aromatics under non-oxidative conditions followed by upgrading of the products by alkylation with ethane/propane.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.6 | Award Amount: 3.70M | Year: 2010

The relentless increase in capacity of Field-Programmable Gate-Arrays (FPGAs) makes them vehicles of choice for both prototypes and final products requiring on-chip multi-core, heterogeneous and reconfigurable systems. Multiple cores can be embedded as hard- or soft-macros, have customizable instruction sets, multiple distributed RAMs and/or configurable interconnections. Their flexibility allows them to achieve orders of magnitude better performance than conventional computing systems via customization. Programming these systems, however, is extremely cumbersome and error-prone and as a result their true potential is only achieved at an unreasonably high effort.\nThis project will develop, implement and evaluate a novel compilation and synthesis system approach for FPGA-based platforms. We rely on Aspect-Oriented (AO) Specifications to covey critical domain knowledge to a mapping engine while preserving the advantages of a high-level imperative programming paradigm in early software development and portability. We leverage AO specifications and a set of transformations to generate an intermediate representation using an extensible mapping language (LARA). LARA specifications will allow the exploration of alternative architectures and run-time adaptive strategies enabling the generation of flexible hardware cores that can be easily incorporated into larger multi-core designs. We will evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed approach using partner-provided codes from the domain of audio/video processing and real-time avionics.\nWe expect the technology developed here to be integrated by our industrial partners, a leading compilation tool supplier for reconfigurable systems and a worldwide solution supplier of embedded high-performance systems. The academic partners will promote human resources with technical excellence in the area of architectures and software development thus enabling the sustainability of a vibrant information technology European fabric.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2014 | Award Amount: 504.00K | Year: 2015

SUPERCONCRETE is a synergetic cross-disciplinary international/intersectoral project addressing theoretical models for next-generation concretes, characterised by a significant sustainability enhancement for the construction industry. Three advanced concrete classes (CCs) are selected which represent the projects key research lines: - Low-Carbon Concrete (LCC), characterised by non-conventional constituents, often derived from recycling industrial waste or by-products; - High-Class Concrete (HCC), encompassing materials with enhanced performance in strength, durability; - Fibre-reinforced Cementitious Composites (FCC), with special features on fibre/textile reinforcement and matrix improvement. Developing synergetic through-life multi-scale models for these novel materials is the key objective of the SUPERCONCRETE project. Particularly, three transversal modelling issues (MIs) are considered: - Rheology and Early age, dealing with the various physical and coupled thermo-hygro-chemical phenomena taking place in the first hours after mixing; - Hardened state and service life, approached by constitutive modelling intended at predicting the instantaneous and long-term behaviour, for both service and ultimate conditions; - Extreme conditions, based on constitutive theories capable of simulating the response under fire and high temperature exposure. Each CC and MI is covered by one participant and the interactions among them is based on a matrix-like organisational approach aiming at achieving a true synergistic collaboration among those with specific CC knowledge and the ones bringing in transversal competences on MIs. A further cross-cutting objective aims at defining a Sustainability Index, based on its constituents and processes requested for each CC. SUPERCONCRETEs final deliverables will be 1) a joint international course on sustainable concretes with 2) an underlying textbook and 3) a web-based platform for interacting with students and practitioners.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: KBBE-2007-3-2-05 | Award Amount: 1.49M | Year: 2008

Metabolic engineering is an applied science focusing on developing new cell factories or improving existing ones. Metabolic engineering is an enabling science, and distinguishes itself from applied genetic engineering by the use of advanced analytical tools for identification of appropriate targets for genetic modifications and the use of mathematical models to perform in silico design of optimized cell factories. In recent years, there has been increasing focus on using mathematical models for design. SYSIBIO will coordinate European activities in the field of model driven metabolic engineering and also coordination of activities on other technologies required for state of the art metabolic engineering, e.g. metabolomics and fluxomics. The coordination of activities will involve establishing a database containing metabolic models for different industrially important microorganisms. The database will also contain different simulation tools required for use of these models to identify metabolic engineering targets and use of these models for analysis of omics data. SYSINBIO will also coordinate the further development of techniques required for metabolic engineering, such as metabolomics, fluxomics and identification of mutations in evolved strains. Furthermore, an important part of SYSINBIO will be coordination of education and training in the field of metabolic engineering in Europe.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2008-1.1.1 | Award Amount: 14.19M | Year: 2009

RadioNet is an integrating activity that has pulled together ALL of Europes leading radio astronomy facilities to produce a focused, coherent and integrated proposals that will significantly enhance the quality and quantity of science performed by European astronomers. RadioNet FP7 has 25 partners. They range from operators of major radio telescope facilities to laboratories that specialise in micro-electronics. This proposal has brought these institutes together in a unique partnership that builds and extends on RadioNet FP6. The programme of work includes: 7 Networking activities, 4 joint research activities and 9 transnational access projects. The three main objectives are to: (i) provide European astronomers access to world-class radio astronomy facilities; (ii) embark on a research and development plan that will further enhance and improve these facilities, and (iii) nurture and support a rapidly growing community of radio astronomers and engineers, so that can fully exploit the upgraded and next generation radio facilities that will become available over the next few years.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH.2013.1.1-1 | Award Amount: 3.17M | Year: 2014

The CRESSI project will explore the economic underpinnings of social innovation with a particular focus on how policy and practice can enhance the lives of the most marginalized and disempowered citizens in society. Overall, the bid will take an institutionalist view of the key issues exploring the drivers and structures that lead to marginalization and disempowerment and then setting out how interventions drawing on social innovation can address major economic, social and power imbalances and inequalities. The project draws upon three interlinked strands of theory to provide an overarching conceptual framework: Beckerts social grid model; Sens Capabilities Approach; Manns analysis of institutional power structures and their enactments. The main work packages will focus on: establishing an economic theory and context for social innovation across the EU; contextualizing social innovation within established research and practice on technological innovation; exploring emergent social innovation ecosystems and lifecycles; setting out effective policy agendas and instruments for fostering social innovation; establishing best practice metrics for capturing the impact of social innovation. In addition, discrete work packages will focus on the overall management of the project and the dissemination of its key findings and contributions. The conceptual and theoretical elements of the project will be tested and revised with a rigorous programme of empirical data collection encompassing qualitative case studies and linked quantitative analyses with a focus on key topic areas across several member states that can inform the EU Commission debates on building smart economies that reduce inequality and socio-economic marginalization.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.3.2 | Award Amount: 3.88M | Year: 2014

PHASTFLEX proposes the development of a fully automated, high precision, cost-effective assembly technology for next generation hybrid photonic packages. In hybrid packages, multiple Photonic ICs (PICs) are assembled, combining the best of different material platforms for a wide range of applications and performance. In PHASTFlex, InP PICs with active functions are combined with passive TriPleX PICs.PIC fabrication can now be done in a generic foundry-based process, bringing PIC cost within the scope of many applications (~10-100). However, current assembly and packaging technology leads to custom-engineered solutions; packaging is an order of magnitude more expensive, and this, is a major bottle-neck to market penetration. The EU Photonics21s SRA calls new approaches to packaging a key challenge.The most demanding assembly task for multi-port PICs is the high-precision (0.1m) alignment and fixing of waveguides. PHASTFlex proposes an innovative concept, in which the waveguides in the TriPleX PIC are released during fabrication to make them movable. Actuators and fixing functions, integrated in the same PIC, place and fix the flexible waveguides in the optimal position (peak out-coupled power).The project aims to develop a complete assembly process and tooling to implement this concept, including pre-assembly using solder reflow and automated handling, and on-chip micro-fabricated fine-alignment and fixing functions. Fully automated cost-effective and high-performance solutions will also encourage photonic packaging to be carried out in EU economies. Proof of the concept will be given by assembly of prototypes for end-user applications.The consortium consists of 9 partners (7 industrial, of which 2 provide applications, 2 are universities), and are all recognised leading industrial and research entities in the photonics components and systems industry. The project duration is 36 months, the total cost is ~3.9M, the requested EU contribution is ~2.8M


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2010-1.1.16 | Award Amount: 11.60M | Year: 2011

Climate change is for a large part governed by atmospheric processes, in particular the interaction between radiation and atmospheric components (e.g. aerosols, clouds, greenhouse and trace gases). Some of these components are also those with adverse health effects influencing air quality. Strengthening the ground-based component of the Earth Observing System for these key atmospheric variables has unambiguously been asserted in the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report and Thematic Strategy on air pollution of the EU. However, a coordinated research infrastructure for these observations is presently lacking. ACTRIS (Aerosols, Clouds and Trace gases Research InfraStructure Network) aims to fill this observational gap through the coordination of European ground-based network of stations equipped with advanced atmospheric probing instrumentation for aerosols, clouds and short-lived trace gases. ACTRIS is a coordinated network that contributes to: providing long-term observational data relevant to climate and air quality research produced with standardized or comparable procedures; supporting transnational access to large infrastructures strengthening collaboration in and outside the EU and access to high quality information and services to the user communities; developing new integration tools to fully exploit the use of atmospheric techniques at ground-based stations, in particular for the calibration/validation/integration of satellite sensors and for the improvement of global and regional-scale climate and air quality models. ACTRIS supports training of new users in particular young scientists in the field of atmospheric observations and promotes the development of new technologies for atmospheric observation of aerosols, clouds and trace gases through close partnership with SMEs. ACTRIS will have the essential role to support integrated research actions in Europe for building the scientific knowledge required to support policy issues on air quality and climate change.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: AAT.2010.7-12. | Award Amount: 398.00K | Year: 2011

The Small Air Transport (SAT) focuses on the new mode affordable, accessible, energy effective component of Air Transport System. It fills niche between Surface and Scheduled Air Transport. This future SAT system will provide a wide choice of transportation mode - and the wider use of small aircraft, served by small airports, to create access to more communities in less time. The goal of the proposal is to demonstrate contributing to an improved understanding of the role that small-size aircraft operating on scheduled or non-scheduled flights can play as a component of the Air Transport System to satisfy the needs of transportation in regions where transport networks are underdeveloped. Main issues of the SAT-Rdmp Study (CSA-SA) proposal are: Definition of a common vision of the small aircraft transport system for inter-regional mobility through the identification of the corresponding requirements. The requirements will identify the technology needs and regulatory issues to be addressed. Definition of a business case compliant to the identified requirements which describes the relations among all the systems components. Assessment of current capabilities versus the ATS demand, collection of previous results and involvement of the stakeholders in Europe among all actors (manufacturers, research establishment, EASA, airspace users, infrastructure providers, airport managers, small aircraft service providers). Definition of a roadmap to fill the technology/regulatory/operative gaps in order to fulfill the requirements considering the current capabilities. Identification of dissemination actions and establishment of a network of stakeholders. Assessment of risks and benefits of the identified new systems concept.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY-2007-8.1-02 | Award Amount: 7.70M | Year: 2011

BEEM-UP will demonstrate the economic, social and technical feasibility of retrofitting initiatives, drastically reducing the energy consumption in existing buildings, and lay the ground for massive market uptake. BEEM-UP involves the building owners at 3 sites in France, Sweden and the Netherlands to implement an innovative approach to go beyond a 75% reduction in space heat energy consumption, in addition to reducing the total energy consumption. Ambitious energy reduction will be demonstrated as the economically most attractive alternative for retrofitting. In integrated design the building owners, industry, designers and energy experts collaborate around the building to reach a higher performance and be more adapted to the tenant needs than if just plugging in separate solutions are used. New concepts will be identified that can be replicated in further retrofit projects. An ambitious monitoring programme to demonstrate the reduction in energy consumption will accompany the whole process, including a period of at least two years after the retrofit. This technical monitoring will be complemented with a social monitoring, focusing on the acceptance of the occupant. A whole programme is designated to involve the occupants in the retrofit. ICT systems (smart metering and building control) will encourage and support energy savings. The main challenge is to turn energy reduction in existing buildings into standard option on the market. Going beyond pure demonstration, BEEM-UP will be develop and exploitation plan based on green value, actively disseminate across Europe, and interact with stakeholders, to create a solid demand for energy reductions by building owners, and make BEEM-UP a model for future retrofits. Before 2020, all retrofit projects in Europe will target ambitious energy reductions: not because it is compulsory and good, but because it is the most attractive alternative.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2007-2.5-2 | Award Amount: 5.22M | Year: 2008

Micro- and nano-electronic components are multi-scale in nature, caused by the huge scale differences of the individual materials and components in these products. Consequently, product behaviour is becoming strongly dependent on material behaviour at the atomic scale. To prevent extensive trial-and-error based testing for new technology developments, new powerful quantitative knowledge-based modelling techniques are required. Current continuum-based finite element models rely intrinsically on extensive characterisation efforts to quantify the parameters present in these models (top-down approach). On the other hand, state-of-the-art models at atomic scale are able to describe the material behaviour at molecular level, but predictions at product scale are not feasible yet. Through direct coupling of molecular and continuum models, a multi-disciplinary approach in which experimentally validated multi-scale modelling methods will be developed in order to generate new materials and interfaces for System-in-Package (SiP) products with tailored properties and improved reliability within an industrial environment. In this approach, a user-friendly software tool will be realised which incorporates chemical, physical and electrical information from the atomic level into macroscopic models (bottom-up approach). Furthermore, new and efficient micro- and nano-scale measurement techniques are developed for obtaining detailed information about the most important phenomena at micro- and nano-scale and fast characterisation and qualification of SiPs. An additional important distinguishing part of this project is that, due to the composition of the consortium, the whole industrial development chain is covered: from material development, multi-scale models and experimental methods towards a fully functional commercial software package, ready to be used within an industrial environment.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2011.3.4-1 | Award Amount: 17.03M | Year: 2012

Chemical Industry provides the highest potential for increasing eco-efficiency in industrial water management. E4Water addresses crucial process industry needs, to overcome bottle necks and barriers for an integrated and energy efficient water management. The main objective is to develop, test and validate new integrated approaches, methodologies and process technologies for a more efficient and sustainable management of water in chemical industry with cross-fertilization possibilities to other industrial sectors. E4water unites in its consortium large chemical industries, leading European water sector companies and innovative RTD centers and universities, active in the area of water management and also involved in WssTP and SusChem and collaborating with water authorities. E4Water builds on state-of-the-art and new basic R&D concepts. Their realization, improvement, utilization and validation, with the compromise of early industrial adaptors, are clearly innovative. E4water realizes this by (1) developing and testing innovative materials, process technologies, tools and methodologies for an integrated water management, (2) providing an open innovation approach for testing E4Water developments with respect to other industries (3) implementing and validating the developments in 6 industrial case studies, representing critical problems for the chemical industry and other process industries, (4) implementing improved tools for process efficiency optimization, linking water processes with production processes, and eco-efficiency assessment. E4Water aims to exceed the expected impacts defined in the call text; an expected reduction of 20-40% in water use, 30-70% in wastewater production, 15-40% in energy use and up to 60% direct economic benefits at the case study sites ensures a wide acceptance of the solutions developed during the project. The complementarity of the sites guarantees the transfer of solutions from the project to Chemical Industry and related sectors.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SST.2013.1-2. | Award Amount: 14.14M | Year: 2013

Reducing emissions from shipping has increasingly become a challenge over the last years, both as a counter measure against global climate change and to protect local environments and population from waste, gas emissions and noise. This challenge has been documented both in policy papers, like the Europe 2020 initiative or the Transport White Paper, and in rules and regulations issued by IMO as well as by local authorities. Those legislations as well as emission taxes and an increasing public awareness on green shipping have led to the fact, that low emission ships and shipping has become a key competitive factor both for European shipbuilders (including equipment manufacturers and shipyards) and shipping companies. In response to topic SST.2013.1-2 of the Sustainable Transport Work Programme 2013 the JOULES proposal aims to significantly reduce the gas emissions of European built ships, including CO2, SOx, NOx and particulate matters. JOULES follows an integrated and holistic approach, not only limited to integrating the components of the simulation of the energy grid, but through the consideration of other viable options for emission reduction. The specific optimal solutions for emission reduction and energy efficiency highly depend on the transport or service task of ships, as well as on their operational profile. While a wide overview and holistic assessment of all available energy and emission saving technologies is necessary, industrial breakthrough can only be achieved if the available solutions are selected, adopted, integrated, assessed and finally demonstrated for realistic application cases. The binding element between technologies and applications are modelling and assessment methods and tools. Those are needed to predict the behaviour of complex energy grids, to manage the energy demand in operation and to assess the performance of optimized energy grids both in view of cost efficiency and environmental impact.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-1.1-2014 | Award Amount: 8.97M | Year: 2015

AGILE targets multidisciplinary optimization using distributed analysis frameworks. The involvement of many disciplinary analyses ranging up to high levels of fidelity and agile workflow management are considered to be state-of-the-art and starting point for AGILE. Advanced optimization techniques and strategies will be developed in order to exploit available computing systems and to gain faster convergence to optimal solutions. Surrogates, decomposition, robust design and uncertainties, global-local optimization, mixed fidelity optimization and system-of-system optimization are central fields of research. Operating the coupled numerical system and interpreting the high fidelity results requires collaboration of heterogeneous specialists. Techniques for collaboration are the second scientific objective of AGILE using the research on optimization techniques as use case. The interactions between humans and the interactions of the design team with the numerical system both are investigated. Knowledge-enabled information technologies will be developed in order to support the collaboration process constituting the third, outer-most layer of the nested research concept. Novel technologies are iteratively implemented, tested and enhanced. Use cases are realistic overall aircraft design tasks for conventional, strut-braced, box-wing and BWB configurations. The project is set up to proof a speed up of 40% for solving realistic MDO problems compared to todays state-of-the-art. The resulting technologies will be made available; amongst others via an Open MDO Test Suite. Reduced development costs and reduced time to market will enable a more agile way of collaboration and joint development and experimenting on innovative products. AGILE pronounces the collaboration of SME, RES and HES in order to contribute to IND-centred virtual extended enterprises. AGILE considers all pre-existing conventions and will contribute to the CRESCENDO results and dissemination plan.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2012.6.4-2 | Award Amount: 7.88M | Year: 2012

The main objectives of FUTUREVOLC are to establish an integrated volcanological monitoring procedure through European collaboration, develop new methods to evaluate volcanic crises, increase scientific understanding of magmatic processes and improve delivery of relevant information to civil protection and authorities. To reach these objectives the project combines broad European expertise in seismology, volcano deformation, volcanic gas and geochemistry, infrasound, eruption monitoring, physical volcanology, satellite studies of plumes, meteorology, ash dispersal forecasting, and civil defence. This European consortium leads the way for multi-national volcanological collaboration with the aim of mitigating the effects of major eruptions that pose cross-border hazards. Iceland is selected as a laboratory supersite area for demonstration because of (i) the relatively high rate of large eruptions with potential for long ranging effects, and (ii) Icelands capability to produce the near full spectrum of volcano processes at its many different volcano types. Based on present monitoring networks and ongoing research, the project will bridge gaps and combine efforts for a coherent close-to-real-time evaluation of the state of Icelandic volcanoes and their unrest. The project will provide timely information on magma movements from combined interpretation of earthquake sources relocated in three-dimensional velocity models, magma sources inferred from ground and space geodetic data, and measurements of volcanic volatiles. For better response during eruptions, the project will develop operational models of magma discharge rate, contributing directly to improved forecasts of ash dispersion. They will help to minimise economic disruption on a European scale during eruptions. By integrating a Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre and a civil protection unit into the project, European citizens will benefit directly from the scientific work of FUTUREVOLC.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: HEALTH-2007-1.1-3 | Award Amount: 15.75M | Year: 2008

The REvolutionary Approaches and Devices for Nucleic Acid analysis READNA consortium is composed of researchers from 10 academic institutions, 5 SMEs and 3 large companies. The goals of the READNA consortium are to revolutionize nucleic acid analysis methods, by 1) improving elements necessary to use the currently emerging generation of nucleic acid sequencers in a meaningful and accessible way, 2) providing methods that allow in situ nucleic acid analysis and methods capable of selectively characterizing mutant DNA in a high background of wildtype DNA, 3) combining RNA and DNA analysis in a single analytical device, 4) providing technology to efficiently analyze DNA methylation (genome-wide, with high resolution and in its long-range context), 5) implementing novel concepts for high-throughput HLA-screening, 6) developing fully integrated solutions for mutational screening of small target regions (such as for screening newborns for cystic fibrosis mutations), 7) developing a device for screening multiple target regions with high accuracy, and 8) implementing strategies for effective and high-resolution genotyping of copy number variations. An important part of READNA is dedicated to the development of the next generation of nucleic analysis devices on individual DNA molecules by stretching out nucleic acid molecules in nanosystems, using alpha-hemolysing nanopores and carbon nanotubes. These approaches will benefit from improved interrogation and detection strategies which we will develop. Our methods and devices will boost the possibilities of genetic research by closing in on the target of 1000 Euros for the sequence of a complete human genome, while at the same time leading a revolution in cost-effective, non-invasive early screening for diseases such as cancer.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SEC-2010.2.3-2 | Award Amount: 3.99M | Year: 2011

Threats for the supply of electricity have changed dramatically throughout the last decade: additional to the natural and accidental ones, the new threat of malicious attacks needs to be considered. Such attacks might be jointly imparted so as to affect large portions of the European grid, make repair difficult and cause huge societal impact. The outstanding importance and the far more complex level of interconnectivity of electricity distribution / transmission / generation compared to the supply through other energy carriers - makes the development of a highly focused toolkit for its protection an essential and urgent task. SESAME develops a Decision Support System (DSS) for the protection of the European power system and applies it to two regional electricity grids, Austria and Romania. This DSS enables to: identify the vulnerabilities and to detect their origins, estimate the damage / impact of real or simulated network failures, identify the possible measures for prevention of outages and acceleration of automatic restoration, rank these measures according to their effectiveness and their cost-benefit ratios, carry out contingency analyses of the transmission / distribution network and generation facilities, detect long-term erroneous trends in the security of energy supply and counteract against them by adjusting the market mechanisms. There do not exist State-of-the-Art approaches incorporating all of these core dimensions of the problem: the increase in complexity of the security of energy supply requires a comprehensive and multi-disciplinary solution. SESAME brings together the most distinguished experts in the fields of power network security, technology policy and regulatory economics, impact assessment of disasters, network simulation software and knowledge engineering. All partners have proven their excellence in complex security research in earlier cooperative projects and most of them have already worked together successfully.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: OCEAN 2013.3 | Award Amount: 11.27M | Year: 2014

Marine biofouling, the unwanted colonization of marine organisms on surfaces immersed in seawater has a huge economic and environmental impact in terms of maintenance requirements for marine structures, increased vessel fuel consumption, operating costs, greenhouse gas emissions and spread of non-indigenous species. The SEAFRONT project will aim to significantly advance the control of biofouling and reduce hydrodynamic drag by integrating multiple technology concepts such as surface structure, surface chemistry and bio-active/bio-based fouling control methodologies into one environmentally benign and drag-reducing solution for mobile and stationary maritime applications. In parallel, a combination of laboratory-based performance benchmarking and end-user field trials will be undertaken in order to develop an enhanced fundamental/mechanistic understanding of the coating-biofouling interaction, the impact of this on hydrodynamic drag and to inform technology development and down-selection of promising fouling control solutions. This project aims to facilitate a leap forward in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from marine transport and the conservation of the marine ecosystem by adopting a multidisciplinary and synergistic approach to fouling control.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2007-2.5-2 | Award Amount: 3.76M | Year: 2008

Albeit the C-S-H gel constitutes the main ingredient of cementitious skeletons and their life-service depends crucially on it, the possibility of tuning the intrinsic nature and properties of the C-S-H gel has been simply out of reach. Fortunately this long-standing impossibility can be currently overcome by the complementary action of new experimental capacities and stronger simulations schemes which explicitly pay attention to the nanoscale. Recent nanoindentation experiments have revealed that the C-S-H gel can present itself either in a low stiffness and low density variety (called LD C-S-H gel) or in a variety with a high stiffness and high density (called HD C-S-H gel). This dissimilar bearing capacity is indeed much more pronounced in their resistance to osteoporosis-like degradation processes (aging!). The question that arises is straightforward: Could the formation of the stronger and more durable HD C-S-H varieties be promoted against the LD- ones? CODICE aims to answer to this question by means of on-top-of-the-art simulations. In fact CODICE project aims to develop a serial parameter-passing multi-scale modelling scheme to predict the structural evolution and the mechanical performance of non-degraded and degraded cementitious matrices as a function of macroscopical processing variables to guide the design of cementitious materials in which the HD-C-S-H forms are promoted against the LD- C-S-H ones. Improvements of the mechanical properties about the 50 % and 600 % are envisaged for non-degraded and degraded cementitious scaffolds respectively, when compared to conventional designs. Thus, CODICE largely impacts on the competitiveness of the Construction sector, since the simulations 1) will offer an unbeatable and cheap solution to the cement sector to assess and improve the efficiency of cheaper cement formulations and 2) will computationally drive the design of cementitious materials with drastically lower maintenance costs.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.4.3 | Award Amount: 4.66M | Year: 2011

Data and knowledge management technologies are of strategic importance for industrial innovation, provided they are integrated in the company processes, in the organisational structure, and can be flexibly adapted to company evolution. In particular the Product Development Process (PDP) of manufacturing companies, requires the efficient management of huge amounts of data from different sources and their integration in the subprocesses that compose the product chain. The efficient use of information lifecycle, by the large adoption of virtual testing and by the inter-functional management of related data in the product management would become a strategic advantage for the innovation race. Present ICT solutions separately address parts of product development, but an integrated approach that includes data and services required for the whole Product Development Process does not yet exist.iProd will improve the efficiency and quality of the Product Development Process developing a flexible, service oriented, customer driven software framework that will be the backbone of computer systems associated with current and new development processes. To achieve these goals, iProd will rely on knowledge management (KM), knowledge based engineering (KBE) and process integration and automation technologies.iProd will assume the challenge of complexity, semantic diversity and richness of content establishing semantically rich, open and transparent methodologies that will enable knowledge workers from aerospace, automotive and home appliances industries to manage product and process complexity, managing higher value information like functional specifications, requirements, decision rationale and engineering and business knowledge in general. This knowledge base along with a reasoning engine will support information sharing, collaboration across companies, common understanding of PDP among different industries and will promote efficient decision taking.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2011.3.5 | Award Amount: 663.87K | Year: 2011

Optical Design and Simulation have a tremendous potential to facilitate disruptive research and product innovation. Since optical systems are key components in a broad range of modern devices, optical design plays an essential role in the technology of the XXI-st century. To support European small and medium enterprises in gaining and keeping a leading position in optics and photonics, we propose the support action called ?SME?s Training and Hands-on Practice in Optical Design and Simulation? (SMETHODS). The European consortium offering SMETHODS consists of 7 partners that are the most prominent academic institutions in optics in their countries. Through fully integrated collaborative training sessions, the consortium will provide professional assistance as well as hands-on training in a variety of design tasks on imaging optics, non-imaging optics, wave optics and diffraction optics. For each of these four training domains, 5-day training sessions will be given by several instructors from the consortium partners and by external speakers from industry. Nowadays there exists a strong demand for this kind of support action. Large companies have the resources to organize the necessary training courses internally, but SME?s lack such abilities. In the absence of systematic trainings such as SMETHODS, SME engineers often have to improve their professional abilities with less efficient autodidactic means. This training, which is unique in Europe, will fill the gap between academic courses given at universities and training activities provided by software producers that are focused on specific design software. In the first phase, SMETHODS will provide support activities to SMEs, researchers and companies during 30 months of EC financial support. During this period SMETHODS will, based on experience gained,consider how SMETHODS can continue to serve and support its users after EC funding has stopped.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: Fission-2009-2.2.1 | Award Amount: 5.43M | Year: 2010

Fast reactors have the unique ability to be sustainable by, not only being able to generate their own fuel, but through being able to burn minor actinides to reduce the quantity and radiotoxicity of nuclear wastes. The latter ability enables fast reactors to not only burn the minor actinides produced by themselves but, in addition, the minor actinides arising from legacy wastes and thermal reactors in the nuclear park. This proposal concentrates on the gas-cooled fast reactor (GFR) with a view to developing the GFR as a more sustainable version of the very high temperature reactor (VHTR). The design goals for GFR are ambitious, aiming, initially, for a core outlet temperature of around 850 deg.C, a compact core with a power density of about 100MWth/m3, a low enough plutonium inventory to allow wide deployment, a self-sustaining core in terms of plutonium consumption, and a proliferation resistant core by not using specific plutonium breeding elements. This project will contribute Euratoms contribution to the Generation IV system research programme. As such, it is strongly aligned with the goals and structure of the latter. In addition this project fulfills an objective of thestrategic research agenda of the European Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology platform, for GFR to be developed as one of the longer-term alternatives to the sodium cooled fast reactor. The work of this project is aligned with the viability phase of the Generation IV GFR system which concludes at the end of 2012. As such this is a three year project and its objective is to contribute to the demonstration of the viability of the GFR system with regard to deployment as a commercial sustainable nuclear energy system. As well as contributing to Generation IV GFR research, this project provides the Euratom representation on the GFR System Steering Committee and the two project management boards (PMBs), namely, the Conceptual Design and Safety PMB and the Fuel and Core Materials PMB


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP.2011.3.2-1 | Award Amount: 5.58M | Year: 2012

In response to world-wide changes in the chemical/biopharmaceutical industry, new market requirements for specific end-use product properties as well as to stricter energy, safety and environmental constraints a revolutionary approach is needed regarding equipment design, plant operation and new production paradigms that will result in better products and processes. Process intensification (PI) is the key technological pathway to drastically improve the sustainability of the chemical and biopharmaceutical processes by replacing the existing, inefficient plant equipment with new, intensified operations. PI comprises the development of novel equipment and production methods that can bring dramatic improvements in manufacturing and processing and lead to safer, cleaner, smaller and cheaper production routes. PI is expected to open up the way for the production of new products, unblock the potential for plant operation under less stable conditions and reform entire business models to foster just-in-time or distributed production. In a series of recent publications and roadmaps, PI has been identified as the path for sustainable development. The OPTICO project aims at overcoming the present limitations on implementing PI by establishing a new methodological design approach for sustainable, intensified chemical/biopharmaceutical plant design and operation through a flexible, integrated multi-scale modeling framework coupled with advanced process analytics tools and modern optimization/control techniques. It is envisaged that, within a 3 year time frame, the proposed work will enable the innovative process design and promote a substantial improvement in chemical/biopharmaceutical plant efficiency by reducing energy consumption, operating costs, handled volumes and generated wastes as well as by improving the process efficiency and safety.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.9.9 | Award Amount: 5.94M | Year: 2013

The ScaleQIT vision is to develop a conceptual platform for potentially disruptive technologies, advance their scope and breadth and speed up the process of bringing them from the lab to the real world. ScaleQIT will address the engineering side of quantum information processing (QIP), analyzing and implementing realistic scenarios for scaling-up superconducting hybrid systems for quantum computing and quantum simulation. The work will be based on proven, well-functioning circuits and components that show great promise for integration into useful QIP systems. ScaleQIT will develop a quantum processor based on microwave resonators and waveguides coupling a small (5-10) number of superconducting qubits of the transmon type. It will achieve most of the functionalities required by DiVincenzos criteria, and will meet many of the challenges defined by the European Quantum Information and Processing Roadmap. For the development of a useful scalable platform, the ScaleQIT project will address a wide range of challenging issues, and take them far beyond the state of the art for multi-qubit platforms, addressing several central issues: feed-back and feed-forward control; error correction; quantum memory; quantum interfaces; algorithms and protocols for computing and simulation; design of scalable architectures for high performance quantum computing.ScaleQIT aims for groundbreaking applications to quantum simulation of physical systems. If successful, it may already in the short term have a disruptive effect on the development of quantum information science. In the longer term, it can be expected to have a disruptive effect on the science of computation: combining functional processor units with, say, 10 qubits, into larger distributed systems will eventually have simulation power that rivals that of powerful digital computers. By really building and testing larger quantum-engineering systems, ScaleQIT will be a path-finder on the road to developing solid-state fault-tolerant quantum architectures.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2008.5.2.2. | Award Amount: 5.24M | Year: 2009

The overall objective of project is to contribute to improve the security in the airport area and, thus, on board of departing aircrafts by: detecting and identifying, without interfering neither with the normal passengers flows, nor with the normal airport operations, the presence of hazardous materials or tools, concealed (under clothes or inside bags) by ill-intentioned people circulating inside airports and that could deliver attacks; tracking the movements of those threatening people concealing those forbidden items, so that they can easily be localized by security operators. The project intends to study, design and develop the functional prototype of an innovative multi-sensor based system integrating active and passive radar sensors, able to survey wide airport areas without requiring the passengers cooperation by detecting hazardous materials/tools and tracking threatening people or containers; the system will increase the security level not only in the gate area (behind metal detector), but also at a preliminary stage, starting from the airport arriving/departure halls. The approach to be followed foresees two separate and integrated controls: 1. one at the Terminal accesses (between sliding or revolving doors, etc ..) equipped with innovative active devices, not interfering with passengers transit and able to detect and identify dangerous tools (guns, knifes, non-metallic weapons, explosives, etc.) concealed under clothes or inside bags, without requiring passengers to remove their clothes or to empty out their bags; 2. the other in the airport halls before the gate area equipped with new passive RF sensors not interfering with passengers transit and able to track suspicious people/containers. The integrated controls information will be managed in a secure way within the airport information networks allowing security operators to face threats in the most suitable way, minimizing the risk to other people inside the Terminal area.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.9.1 | Award Amount: 3.48M | Year: 2013

The current acquisition pipeline for visual models of 3D worlds is based on a paradigm of planning a goal-oriented acquisition - sampling on site - processing. The digital model of an artifact (an object, a building, up to an entire city) is produced by planning a specific scanning campaign, carefully selecting the (often costly) acquisition devices, performing the on-site acquisition at the required resolution and then post-processing the acquired data to produce a beautified triangulated and textured model. However, in the future we will be faced with the ubiquitous availability of sensing devices that deliver different data streams that need to be processed and displayed in a new way, for example smartphones, commodity stereo cameras, cheap aerial data acquisition devices, etc.\n\nWe therefore propose a radical paradigm change in acquisition and processing technology: instead of a goal-driven acquisition that determines the devices and sensors, we let the sensors and resulting available data determine the acquisition process. Data acquisition might become incidental to other tasks that devices/people to which sensors are attached carry out. A variety of challenging problems need to be solved to exploit this huge amount of data, including: dealing with continuous streams of time-dependent data, finding means of integrating data from different sensors and modalities, detecting changes in data sets to create 4D models, harvesting data to go beyond simple 3D geometry, and researching new paradigms for interactive inspection capabilities with 4D data sets. In this project, we envision solutions to these challenges, paving the way for affordable and innovative uses of information technology in an evolving world sampled by ubiquitous visual sensors.\n\nOur approach is high-risk and an enabling factor for future visual applications. The focus is clearly on basic research questions to lay the foundation for the new paradigm of incidental 4D data capture.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2010.2.1-2 | Award Amount: 2.11M | Year: 2010

The minority carrier diffusion lengths are small in polycrystalline or amorphous materials used in thin film solar cells, requiring thin layers to maximize charge collection. This is contradictory for the requirement to maximize solar energy absorption. The optical design consisting in increasing solar cells light-trapping capability is of prime importance. In order to provide total internal reflection, both randomly textured surfaces and regularly patterned surfaces have been investigated. No one of these approaches provides optimal light trapping because no one is suitable for the broad solar spectrum. Recent approaches involving new TCO layers show that double textures provide improved scattering. The AGATHA project aims to realize an advanced light trapping design by combining micro-texturing of glass by hot embossing and nano-texturing of the top TCO layer by etching. The parameters of this modulated surface texture can be adjusted to maximize the light scattering in all the solar spectrum to provide a significant increase in both short-circuit current and EQE. Suitable for high production throughput, the new texturation process chain developed in AGATHA fits with the intrinsic low cost nature of thin film solar cells To demonstrate the efficiency of this optical trapping design, the modulated texture concept will be implemented in a-Si:H based, -c-Si:H based and CIGS based thin films technologies. The objective is to reduce the active material thickness, from 250 nm up to 150 nm for the a-Si:H, from 1.5 m up to 1 m for c-Si:H and from 2.5 m up to 800 nm for the CIGS, when increasing the short circuit current of 15 % The choice of these technologies aims to maximize the impact by addressing 70% of the thin film market. According to typical solar cells cost structure, a 15 % reduction of the cost/m2 is achievable. Combined with the Jsc improvement, the implementation of modulated surface texture should result in a 20 % decrease of the /W indicator. AGATHA is an EU coordinated project in the framework of call FP7-ENERGY-2010-INDIA, foreseeing a simultaneous start with the Indian coordinated project. Accordingly, the Indian project should start at the latest within 3 months of the signature of the EU grant agreement.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2010.1.3.4-1 | Award Amount: 4.31M | Year: 2010

Across Europe, people suffer losses not just from single hazards, but also from multiple events in combination. In both their occurrence and their consequences, different hazards are often causally related. Classes of interactions include triggered events, cascade effects, and rapid increases of vulnerability during successive hazards. Effective and efficient risk reduction, therefore, often needs to rest on a place-based synoptic view. MATRIX will tackle multiple natural hazards and risks in a common theoretical framework. It will integrate new methods for multi-type assessment, accounting for risk comparability, cascading hazards, and time-dependent vulnerability. MATRIX will identify the conditions under which the synoptic view provides significantly different and better results or potentially worse resultsthan established methods for single-type hazard and risk analysis. Three test cases (Naples, Cologne and the French West Indies), and a virtual city will provide MATRIX with all characteristic multi-hazard and multi-risk scenarios. The MATRIX IT-architecture for performing, analysing and visualising relevant scenarios will generate tools to support cost-effective mitigation and adaptation in multi-risk environments. MATRIX will build extensively on the most recent research on single hazard and risk methodologies carried out (or ongoing) in many national and international research projects, particularly those supported by DG Research of the European Commission. The MATRIX consortium draws together a wide range of expertise related to many of the most important hazards for Europe (earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, wildfires, winter storms, and both fluvial and coastal floods), as well as expertise on risk governance and decision-making. With ten leading research institutions (nine European and one Canadian), we also include end-user partners: from industry, and from the European National Platforms for Disaster Reduction.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2011-6;SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2011-3 | Award Amount: 19.67M | Year: 2012

Large scale societal challenges require large scale monitoring and control solutions. Technological developments will make it possible to design and build these large systems. A major obstacle in realizing these systems is the lack of a versatile methodology to design and implement adaptive monitoring and control systems taking into account intrinsic properties of system of systems (decentralization, dynamic requirements, continuous evolution and changing components). The goal of DEMANES is to provide component-based methods, framework and tools for development of runtime adaptive systems, making them capable of reacting to changes in themselves, in their environment (battery state, availability and throughput of the network connection, availability of external services, etc.) and in user needs (requirements). to model the architecture and the operation of adaptive systems to support the design process of such systems by providing simulation and evaluation environments and test-beds to support the implementation of such system by providing services for self organization, reconfiguration and self optimization as parts of the execution environment to verify and test adaptive systems to monitor the internal and external operational conditions and manage adaptation at run time. In order to go beyond the state of the art DEMANES combines recent advances from systems and control engineering. The concept, methodology and tools developed in DEMANES will be validated and demonstrated in three use cases: smart urban transport, smart airport and smart home. To reach the ambitious goals of DEMANES in the spirit of the ARTEMIS programme a large consortium is necessary to cover the range of disciplines necessary. The partners in the DEMANES consortium are complementary in terms of technical competencies and organizational, business and market experience. .. APPROVED BY ARTEMIS-JU on 17-03-2015


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2011.1.1-2. | Award Amount: 4.00M | Year: 2011

Retrofitting is defined as the installation onboard ships of state-of-the-art or innovative components or systems and could in principle be driven by the need to meet new regulatory standards or by the ship owner interest to upgrade to higher operational standards. Retrofitting should become an established practice in the shipping industry involving the entire value chain and exploring the possibilities that may open to the industry on a continuous basis. To identify worthy retrofitting candidates and select appropriate (green) technologies that can be suitably fitted at minimum cost and lead time, while considering the condition of the particular ship: service profile, remaining life cycle and the governing and expected regulations. The focus points of the project RETROFIT are: - Methods to identify ship candidates for retrofitting; - Methods and tools for simulating the working of various configurations of ship main and auxiliary systems; - Methods and tools for reverse engineering enabling to build product models suitable for the retrofitting process; - Methods and tools to control ships energy and emission performance: decision support systems for emission control and energy optimization over the entire service profile; - Design-for-retrofitting methodology based on standardisation and modularisation principles; - Efficient corresponding yard processes for minimum out-of-business time for retrofitting ships.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.6 | Award Amount: 3.63M | Year: 2008

The aim of this project is to provide a multi-level infrastracture of interconnected testbeds of large-scale wireless sensor networks for research purposes, pursuing an interdisciplinary approach that integrates the aspects of hardware, software, algorithms, and data. This will demonstrate how heterogeneous small-scale devices and testbeds can be brought together to form well-organized, large-scale structures, rather than just some large network; it will allow research not only at a much larger scale, but also in different quality, due to heterogeneous structure and the ability to deal with dynamic scenarios, both in membership and location. For the interdisciplinary area of wireless sensor networks, establishing the foundations of distributed, interconnected testbeds for an integrated approach to hardware, software, algorithms, and data will allow a new quality of practical and theoretical collaboration, possibly marking a turning point from individual, hand-tailored solutions to large-scale, integrated ones. For this end, we will engage in implementing recent theoretical results on algorithms, mechanisms and protocols and transform them into software. We will apply the resulting code to the scrutiny of large-scale simulations and experiments, from which we expect to obtain valuable feedback and derive further requirements, orientations and inputs for the long-term research. We intend to make these distributed laboratories available to the European scientific community, so that other research groups will take advantage of the federated infrastructure. Overall, this means pushing the new paradigm of distributed, self-organizing structures to a different level.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: Fission-2010-2.3.1 | Award Amount: 10.12M | Year: 2011

In line with the Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology Platform (SNETP) Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) and Deployment Strategy (DS), the ARCHER project will extend the state-of-the-art European (V)HTR technology basis with generic technical effort in support of nuclear cogeneration demonstration. The partner consortium consists of representatives of conventional and nuclear industry, utilities, Technical Support Organisations, R&D institutes and universities. They jointly propose generic efforts composed of: -System integration assessment of a nuclear cogeneration unit coupled to industrial processes -Critical safety aspects of the primary and coupled system: oPressure boundary integrity oDust oIn-core hot spots oWater and air ingress accident evaluation -Essential HTR fuel and fuel back end R&D oPIE for fuel performance code improvement and validation oBack end research focused on radiolysis -Coupling component development: oIntermediate heat exchanger development oSteam generator assessment -High temperature material R&D: oCompletion of graphite design curves oMaking use of the experience of state of the art metal in conventional industry -Nuclear cogeneration knowledge management, training and communication The activities proposed are imbedded in the international framework via GIF; direct collaboration within the project with international partners from the US, China, Japan, and the republic of Korea; and cooperation with IAEA and ISTC. The proposal is a technical building block supporting nuclear cogeneration as fossil fuel alternative for industry and as such supports a high potential contribution to European energy strategy as defined in the SET-Plan. The results of the proposal will be reported to SNETP, to support the strategic pillar of other uses of nuclear energy, and the establishment of a Nuclear Cogeneration Industrial Initiative, which shall include effective (international) nuclear cogeneration demonstration.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2008.3.2.2.;AAT.2008.3.4.1. | Award Amount: 3.66M | Year: 2009

Recent airliner accident and incident statistics show that about 16% of the accidents between 1993 and 2007 can be attributed to Loss of Control In-flight (LOC-I), caused by a piloting mistake, technical malfunctions or unusual upsets due to external disturbances. Loss of flight control remains the second largest accident category after Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) accounting for 23% of air accidents worldwide. LOC is intrinsically related to the guidance and control (G&C) system of the aircraft, and includes sensors and actuators failures. The state-of-practice for aircraft manufacturers to diagnose these faults and obtain full flight envelope protection is to provide high levels of hardware redundancy in order to perform coherency tests and ensure sufficient available control action. This hardware-redundancy based fault detection and diagnosis (FDD) approach is becoming increasingly problematic when used in conjunction with the many innovative technical solutions being developed by the aeronautical sector to satisfy the greener and safety imperatives demanded by society. This is increasingly creating a gap between the scientific methods advocated within the academic and research communities and the technological developments required by the aeronautics industry. ADDSAFE tries to overcome this technological gap by facing the following two challenges: i) helping the scientific community to develop the best suited FDD methods capable of handling the real-world challenges raised by industry; and ii) ensuring acceptance and widespread use of these advanced theoretical methods by the aircraft industry. The overall aim of the project is to develop and apply model-based FDD methods for civil aircraft in order to increase aircraft safety and reduce development/maintenance costs. The use of these advanced FDD synthesis and tuning methods in conjunction with reliable software verification & validation (V&V) tools will also reduce the costs for development and certification. Three main benefits that will be achieved in pursuit of ADDSAFEs aim are: i) Identification and definition of a set of guidelines for aircraft G&C FDD. 2) Improved methods and understanding of aircraft G&C FDD. 3) A step towards a V&V process for FDD systems.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2012.3.3-2.;AAT.2012.3.4-1. | Award Amount: 5.64M | Year: 2013

Commercial aircraft fault tolerant control (FTC) strategies in the flight control system (FCS) are based on fail-safe approaches whereby a nominal control law is switched first to a robust solution and then if necessary to a direct law controlling the actuators surfaces. Each component of the control law set is designed off-line and has a different level of robustness and performance. The reasons for this conservative FTC approach are: 1. Lack of demonstrated maturity of reconfigurable guidance and control (G&C) methods for commercial aircraft. 2. Lack of research in the practical interaction limitations between reconfigurable G&C systems and estimation / diagnostic systems. 3. A definite gap on the clearance problem for such G&C systems. The goal of RECONFIGURE is to investigate and develop aircraft G&C technologies that facilitate the automated handling of off-nominal events and optimize the aircraft status and flight while maintaining, or even improving, its safety level. These technologies will extend the operation of the current G&C functionalities that assist the pilot and optimize the aircraft performance. Thus, the aim is to provoke a change in aircraft transport towards: Full-time, all-event availability of performance-enhancement electrical fly-by-wire This will be achieved by developing: - Advanced parameter and fault estimation/diagnosis approaches. - Reconfigurable G&C approaches. - Integration and integrated approaches for estimation, diagnosis and G&C. - Advanced clearance approaches for such systems. The investigation will focus on off-nominal/abnormal event scenarios directly affecting the aircraft flight control system. The techniques will offer the capability to adjust and adapt to the abnormal event during flight.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INSO-2-2014 | Award Amount: 3.10M | Year: 2015

Reaching the ambitions of the Europe 2020 and the Innovation Union requires much more than just technological innovations. In the academic community, Business Model Innovation (BMI) has for a long time been recognized as the key to improved competitiveness and innovativeness. However, BMI does not reach SMEs yet nor is there knowledge on how SMEs conduct BMI in practice. Empowering SMEs to conduct BMI requires new approaches. By leveraging existing networks and communities, we will gather examples, best practices and insights into Business Models (BM) from case studies from each and every European region or industry, complemented with insights from other leading countries worldwide. The BM vortex will thus generate an enormous and rich library of business models patterns and managerial structures, provided on a platform, to support SMEs in these communities. We will also develop innovative tooling and provide them on the platform to makes it easy for SMEs to develop, evaluate and plan new business models. The ENVISION consortium covers Northern, Western, Central, Eastern and Southern Europe. In each region a top-ranked academic institution in the field of BMI is present as well as innovative businesses that deliver smart and tailored BMI tooling and reach out to SMEs. We build on over a decade of joint work on BMI and BM tooling. We will build and maintain regional and thematic communities. In the communities, support is delivered to help SMEs transform and improve their BMs. The consortium also includes partners and associated partners that will realize our pan-European reach to SMEs: on a pan-European level (e.g., UAEPME and female entrepreneurs network), on a national and regional level (e.g., chambers of commerce, family business organizations and statistical offices). The consortium also has linkages to EIT/ICT Labs and the European Service Innovation Centre (ESIC).


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-ITN | Award Amount: 3.69M | Year: 2012

This proposal brings together a group of universities, research organisations and high-tech companies from different disciplines (meteorology, geosciences, physics, electrical engineering, mathematics) with the aim to foster training and further development in the area of remote sensing of the atmosphere. The last years have brought a rapid development in instrumental techniques, i.e. lidar, radar, radiometry, that have great potential to monitor atmospheric composition and dynamics in unprecedented detail. Such instrumentation is urgently needed to address important topics related to climate change, numerical weather forecasting, and atmospheric pollution. Most prominently aerosol-cloud interaction as the single largest uncertainty in current climate projections requires the exploitation of emerging observational techniques to improve the parameterisation of aerosol and cloud processes in atmospheric models. Because todays curricula do not reflect these issues, ITARS (Initial Training for Atmospheric Remote Sensing) aims to impart an in-depth understanding of instrumentation and algorithms needed to retrieve geophysical quantities and atmospheric applications, to foster the synergy of different sensors by bringing together experts from the individual techniques, to develop and implement pan-European courses on atmospheric remote sensing by exploiting new web-based techniques, and to close the gap between the specialized development of single instruments and atmospheric applications by training a new generation of scientists in academia and the private sector.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRADEV-4-2014-2015 | Award Amount: 12.08M | Year: 2015

Todays society is being transformed by new materials and processes. Analytical techniques underpin their development and neutrons, with their unique properties, play a pivotal role in a multi-disciplinary, knowledge-based approach. Industry and the neutron research community must however work together more closely to enhance their innovation potential. Neutrons are only available at large scale facilities (LSFs), presenting specific challenges for outreach. National and European initiatives have combined to create a user community of almost 10000, mainly academia-based users, which is supported by an ecosystem of about 10, often world-class national facilities and the European facility, the Institute Laue Langevin. Europe leads neutron science and is investing almost 2B in the European Spallation Source (ESS), its construction, like Horizon 2020, spanning the period 2014-2020. SINE2020, world-class Science and Innovation with Neutrons in Europe in 2020, is therefore a project with two objectives; preparing Europe for the unique opportunities at ESS in 2020 and developing the innovation potential of neutron LSFs. Common services underpin the European research area for neutrons. New and improved services will be developed in SINE2020, by the LSFs and partners in 13 countries, in a holistic approach including outreach, samples, instrumentation and software. These services are the key to integrating ESS in the European neutron ecosystem, ensuring scientific success from day one. They are also the basis for facilitating direct use of neutron LSFs by industry. Particular emphasis is placed on the industry consultancy, which will reach out to industry and develop a business model for direct, industry use of LSFs in 2020, and data treatment, exploiting a game-changing opportunity at LSFs to adopt a common software approach in the production of scientific results.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2013.6.4-3 | Award Amount: 7.65M | Year: 2013

Resilience-Increasing Strategies for Coasts toolKIT (RISC-KIT) will deliver ready-to-use methods, tools and management approaches to reduce risk and increase resilience to low-frequency, high-impact hydro-meteorological events. The open-source and free-ware RISC-KIT tool kit will consist of a Coastal Risk Assessment Framework (CRAF) which - at the regional scale (100s km) - can quickly assess present and future hot spot areas of coastal risk due to multi-hazards a quantitative, high-resolution Early Warning and Decision Support System (EWS/DSS) for use on these hot spots (with a scale of 10s of km) and a web-based management guide offering innovative, cost-effective, ecosystem-based DRR measures; and a Coastal Risk Database of present and historic socio-economic and physical data. These tools will enable Europes coastal managers, decision-makers and stakeholders to identify hot spot areas; produce timely forecasts and early warnings; evaluate the effect of climate-related, socio-economic and cultural changes on coastal risk; and choose the best prevention, mitigation and preparedness measures for their coast. The toolkit will be tested using data collected on ten diverse case study sites along each of Europes regional seas and one international site. The toolkits performance will be evaluated with an End-User Board of coastal managers, civil protection agencies and local governments with a vested interest in each of these case study sites. The RISC-KIT products will help to achieve rapid attainment of UNISDR Disaster Reduction Goals and promote EU-consistent methods through innovative e-learning and open access publication. RISC-KIT will have an active synergy with Belmont Forum projects, related EU projects and an International Expert Board with members from third countries experiencing similar types of threats.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.8.1 | Award Amount: 2.67M | Year: 2008

MOLOC - Molecular Logic Circuits seeks to design and provide demonstration of principle, feasibility and significant advantages of logic circuits where the basic element is a single molecule (or assemblies of atoms or molecules) acting in itself as a logic circuit. The functionalities provided by this new post-Boolean approach differ in essential ways from using a molecule as a switch. The approach depends on molecules (or nanostructures, etc) having internal degrees of freedom and multiple (quasi) stationary states by virtue of their confined size. We therefore make an advantage of the nanosize which is imposed by the cardinal technological need to reduce the size of the circuit in order to implement complex logic functions at the hardware level and thereby add new functionalities. Exploratory work has shown that it is possible to address the states of a single molecule either electrically (or electrochemically) or optically and also that it is possible to concatenate the logic operation of two molecules. The partners to MOLOC are cognizant that to go beyond the projected limits of CMOS technology will likely be most productive if it be a surface based approach. All the same, foundational work in the gas or liquid phase is also discussed. MOLOC proposes parallel computing rather than the more familiar sequential model, it proposes to take advantage of inherent internal degrees of freedom of molecules and their dynamics in order to implement finite state machines, machines that can store information to be used later in the computation and to consider circuits where the logic goes beyond Boolean, meaning that variables are not restricted to be either true (=1) or false (=0). Towards its objectives MOLOC proposes to gather a team of European experts in the different and complementary areas of foundational research. The experimental teams can be characterized by the methods used to address (or probe) the molecule. There is also one theoretical work package.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.2.2 | Award Amount: 8.21M | Year: 2009

The ability to understand and manage social signals of a person we are communicating with is the core of social intelligence. Social intelligence is a facet of human intelligence that has been argued to be indispensable and perhaps the most important for success in life.\nAlthough each one of us understands the importance of social signals in everyday life situations, and in spite of recent advances in machine analysis and synthesis of relevant behavioural cues like blinks, smiles, crossed arms, laughter, etc., the research efforts in machine analysis and synthesis of human social signals like empathy, politeness, and (dis)agreement, are few and tentative. The main reasons for this are the absence of a research agenda and the lack of suitable resources for experimentation.\nThe mission of the SSPNet is to create a sufficient momentum by integrating an existing large amount of knowledge and available resources in Social Signal Processing (SSP) research domains including cognitive modelling, machine understanding, and synthesizing social behaviour, and so: (i) enable creation of the European and world research agenda in SSP, (ii) provide efficient and effective access to SSP-relevant tools and data repositories to the research community within and beyond the SSPNet, and\n(iii) further develop complementary and multidisciplinary expertise necessary for pushing forward the cutting edge of the research in SSP. The collective SSPNet research effort will be directed towards integration of existing SSP theories and technologies, and towards identification and exploration of potentials and limitations in SSP. A particular scientific challenge that binds the partners is the synergetic combination of human-human interaction models and tools for human behaviour sensing and synthesis within socially-adept multimodal interfaces.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2011.1.4-2 | Award Amount: 10.43M | Year: 2012

While nanotechnology was originally limited to small areas of a few cm2, the quest for lower costs has been the latest years the drive for developing processes utilising larger substrate sizes at increasing throughputs. A typical example is the flat panel display industry where the push to larger gen size and faster processing has resulted in a significant cost reduction. The next challenge here is the move to smaller feature sizes. Large area processing at high speeds is optimal when using roll-to-roll (R2R) processing, able to deliver the ultimate cost reduction. Flexible innovative thin film devices, like organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) for lighting, photo voltaic (PV) and organic photo voltaic (OPV) modules, organic circuitry, printed electronics and thin film batteries, are currently developed using this kind of processing. The overall objective of Clean4Yield is the development and demonstration of technologies and tools for nano-scale detection, cleaning, prevention and repair of defects and contaminations in nano-scale layers. The R2R production processes for OLED, OPV, and high-end moisture barrier layers on flexible substrates will serve as development platform for the various methods. Clean4Yield will demonstrate that the developed methods increase yield, reduce production costs, and improve performance and operational device lifetimes of these applications. The developed technologies will be easy to adapted for other large-scale production technologies of other nano layer applications.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRAIA-1-2014-2015 | Award Amount: 10.00M | Year: 2015

Renewable energy sources are key enablers to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and to cope with the anthropogenic global warming. The intermittent behaviour of them and their limited storage capabilities present new challenges to power system operators in maintaining power quality and reliability. However, the increased availability of advanced automation and communication technologies has also provided new intelligent solutions to these challenges. Previous work has presented various new methods to operate highly interconnected power grids with corresponding components in a more effective way. As a consequence of these developments the traditional power system is transformed into a cyber-physical system, a Smart Grid. Previous and ongoing research activities have mainly focused on validating certain aspects of Smart Grids, but until now no integrated approach for analysing and evaluating complex configurations in a cyber-physical systems manner is available. The lack of system validation approaches for Smart Grids is especially addressed by ERIGrid. By providing a Pan-European research infrastructure ERIGrid supports the technology development as well as the roll out of Smart Grid solutions and concepts in Europe. It tackles a holistic, cyber-physical systems based approach by integrating 18 European research centres and institutions with outstanding research infrastructures and jointly develops common methods, concepts, and procedures. ERIGrid also integrates and enhances the necessary research services for analysing, validating and testing Smart Grid configurations. System level support and education for industrial and academic researchers in is provided as well to foster future innovation. ERIGrid addresses these challenging aims by providing a single entry point to the provided research infrastructure and offering a broad spectrum of services to researchers active in Smart Grids. This will strengthen the technical leadership of Europe in the energy domain.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: NMP-2007-1.2-2 | Award Amount: 784.58K | Year: 2009

The fundamental objective of this Round Table exercise is to respond substantially to the need for genuine engagement and involvement of all the key stakeholders (public and private) in the nanomedical field in preparing the groundwork for optimised and collective decision-making at the European level. Although very promising, nanomedicine may add new dimensions to many ethical, social and economic issues. It is of primary importance to understand its possible impacts and provide for stakeholders a well-organised forum. The Round Table will bring together representatives from the nanomedical sciences and technologies involved, industry, patient groups, regulatory bodies, health insurance and policy making, and experts on the ethical, regulatory, social, economic and public engagement and communication and issues. The goal will be to: - collect the most relevant information to be discussed of: - actual achievements and, separately, promises of nanomedical innovation - recommendations issued by the European Commission, Member States and exercises carried out by various national and international bodies - present these in a user-friendly format appropriate for each of the main stakeholder groups with questions to be discussed - carry out a consensual debate concluding with agreed recommendations between various positions The Round Table will have important impacts by: - establishing a clear set of recommendations to support decision making at the European level - identifying priority areas for research and development and for societal actions - significantly enhancing the flow of knowledge reciprocally between each of the key stakeholder groups along the chain from research to patient - helping to reduce fragmentation in nanomedical research across Europe - contributing to mobilising additional public and private investment in nanomedical R&D in Europe - and overall thereby stimulating innovation in nanobiotechnologies for medical use


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: GARRI-2-2015 | Award Amount: 1.71M | Year: 2016

There is now only limited experience with RRI in industry and there is also limited evidence of the added value of opening up the innovation process in industry for social engagement and gender considerations. We will overcome these current limitations by carrying out eight RRI pilot projects in a real-world industry context. To establish the added value of the RRI approach and the gender dimension in and for industry, we will assess the pilot projects on a number of product and process RRI dimensions and compare the score of the pilots on the relevant RRI dimensions with the score of similar projects in the same companies in which the RRI approach has not been followed. We focus on implementing RRI for some of the major technological challenges in the EU including nanotechnology, synthetic biology, Internet of Things and self-driving or automated cars. These are all transformative technologies that have the potential to transform existing modes of production and to change the relation of the company with users, suppliers or other stakeholders. The pilots aim at integrating RRI in the CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) policies of the participating companies. Some pilots will take place in private companies and some in public-private partnerships (PPPs). The project will be supported by extensive stakeholder consultations and dialogues. These will feed into the set-up and the carrying out of the pilots. The project will result in a RRI-CSR roadmap for transformative technologies. The roadmap will be widely disseminated through the partners extensive industry network, and through industry branch and CSR organizations. An important means of dissemination will also be the MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) on RRI in industry. The dissemination is expected to lead to a better uptake of RRI approaches by industry. This will also contribute to the competiveness of the European industry.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: WASTE-6b-2015 | Award Amount: 5.09M | Year: 2016

A shift towards a more circular economy is crucial to achieve more sustainable and inclusive growth. Our objective is to provide local and regional authorities with an innovative transdisciplinary open source geodesign decision support environment (GDSE) developed and implemented in living labs in six metropolitan areas. The GDSE allows creating integrated, place-based eco-innovative spatial development strategies aiming at a quantitative reduction of waste flows in the strategic interface of peri-urban areas. These strategies will promote the use of waste as a resource, thus support the on-going initiatives of the EC towards establishing a strong circular economy. The identification of such eco-innovative strategies will be based on the integration of life cycle thinking and geodesign to operationalise urban metabolism. Our approach differs from previous UM as we introduce a reversed material flow accounting to collect data accurate and detailed enough for the design of a variety of solutions to place-based challenges. The developed impact and decision models allow quantification and validation of alternative solution paths and therefore promote sustainable urban development built on near-field synergies between the built and natural environments. This will be achieved by quantifying and tracking essential resource flows, mapping and quantification of negative and positive effects of present and future resource flows, and the determination of a set of indicators to inform decision makers concerning the optimization of (re-)use of resources. The GDSE will be open source. With a budget of 5 million, REPAiR funds a consortium rich in experience in waste and resource management, spatial decision support, territorial governance, spatial planning and urban design, and has deep knowledge of the 6 case study areas. REPAiR is supported by a user board, of key stakeholders for the development of CE as well as local authorities, who are heavily involved in the GDSE testing.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: WASTE-4c-2014 | Award Amount: 3.70M | Year: 2015

The ProSUM project will establish a European network of expertise on secondary sources of critical raw materials (CRMs), vital to todays high-tech society. ProSUM directly supports the European Innovation Partnership (EIP) on Raw Materials and its Strategic Implementation Plan calling for the creation of a European raw materials knowledge base. Data on primary and secondary raw materials are available in Europe, but scattered amongst a variety of institutions including government agencies, universities, NGOs and industry. By establishing a EU Information Network (EUIN), the project will coordinate efforts to collect secondary CRM data and collate maps of stocks and flows for materials and products of the urban mine. The scope is the particularly relevant sources for secondary CRMs: Electrical and electronic equipment, vehicles, batteries and mining tailings. The project will construct a comprehensive inventory identifying, quantifying and mapping CRM stocks and flows at national and regional levels across Europe. Via a user-friendly, open-access Urban Mine Knowledge Data Platform (EU-UMKDP), it will communicate the results online and combine them with primary raw materials data from the on-going Minerals4EU project. To maintain and expand the EU-UMKDP in the future, it will provide update protocols, standards and recommendations for additional statistics and improved reporting on CRMs in waste flows required. ProSUM prosum is Latin for I am useful provides a factual basis for policy makers to design appropriate legislation, academia to define research priorities and to identify innovation opportunities in recovering CRMs for the recycling industry. The EUIN enables interdisciplinary collaboration, improves dissemination of knowledge and supports policy dialogues. A consortium of 17 partners, representing research institutes, geological surveys and industry, with excellence in all above domains will deliver this ambitious project.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-EJD | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-EJD | Award Amount: 3.72M | Year: 2016

In many cases energy, water and resources contained in wastewater may have significant value if recovered. Therefore, the EU is currently confronted with a paradigm shift from wastewater treatment to resource recovery. To facilitate this shift, the SuPER-W European Joint Doctorate programme trains early-stage researchers (ESRs) in developing technologies for water, energy, nutrient and metal reuse, and bioproduction from (waste)water. The ESRs obtain knowledge and skills needed to turn environmental problems into economic opportunities. SuPER-W focuses not only on technology development through research, but the ESRs are also trained in translating research into policy, creative problem-solving, identification of bottlenecks for effective implementation of resource recovery technologies, development of business cases and urban/industrial ecosystems, and assessment of sustainability and the role of public perception and policy in innovation. Furthermore, they acquire a set of commercial, entrepreneurial and managerial skills that prepare them as future leaders. All ESRs are supervised by at least 2 promoters from 2 universities and co-supervised by a researcher from a non-academic partner organisation. Moreover, they conduct an internship in the non-academic sector in the first and last project year, contributing to more effective dissemination and exploitation of their research results. To organise the training, SuPER-W brings together leading researchers from 5 renowned universities and 12 associated non-academic partner organisations, including industrial partners involved in technology development, SMEs focused on consultancy/engineering, a service provider, a government agency, and professional network organisations. ESRs who successfully defend the PhD thesis and finish the doctoral training programme receive a double or joint PhD degree, jointly awarded by the universities of his/her promoters, as well as a joint doctoral training certificate of SuPER-W.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2012.4.1-1 | Award Amount: 8.63M | Year: 2013

Europe is a major global producer of industrial minerals. Around 180 million tonnes per year of products are extracted in the EU, with an estimated contribution of 10 billion to European GDP and offering direct employment to some 42,500 people. A secure supply of sustainable mineral products is essential to maintaining the European mining, mineral and manufacturing industries. The main objective of STOCISM is to enhance the competitiveness of the European industrial minerals industry by developing cleaner, more energy efficient extraction and processing technologies. STOICISM is an industry-led project with a specific focus on calcined industrial minerals which are presently energy intensive to produce. Most calcining uses the direct combustion of fossil fuels, contributing to up to 85% of their carbon emissions. To meet the overall aim, three key calcined industrial minerals have been identified: diatomaceous earth; perlite and kaolin. The processes implemented can also then be directly transferable to many other industrial minerals. In global terms, the EU produces one third of the worlds production of perlite, 20% of calcined kaolin and 20% of diatomite. Key markets for these minerals are beverage filtration, coatings, plastic, rubber, cosmetics, insulation and construction materials. STOICISM will research, develop and demonstrate a range of new innovative technologies along the industrial minerals value chain. This will include developments in extraction, beneficiation, drying, calcining and waste recycling. STOICISM is expected to impact significantly on the sustainability of the EUs industrial minerals industry by decreasing the use of natural resources (both mineral deposits and energy resources) leading to the sustainable production of better and purer products with less waste and lower environmental impact.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EE-08-2016 | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2016

Modelling analyses typically suggest that policies accelerating the adoption of energy-efficient technologies (EETs) by overcoming barriers to energy efficiency in the residential sector provide benefits for individual households, the energy system and for society as a whole. Yet, implicit discount rates, employed to reflect households decision criteria and response to policy, are disputed in policy and academic circles. CHEETAH (CHanging Energy Efficiency Technology Adoption in Households) provides evidence-based input to energy efficiency policy design and evaluation, thereby supporting the market uptake of EETs in the EU residential sector. It contributes to the work programme by addressing the interrelations between microeconomic factors, sectoral energy demand and macroeconomic effects, relying on a consistent methodological framework. CHEETAH: Provides empirical evidence on household response to established and new energy-efficiency policies and on factors driving adoption of EETs, accounting for differences across households, technologies, and countries. A multi-country survey (2000 interviews per country) will be carried out and analyzed econometrically Assesses the impact of established and new policies energy demand in the EU residential sector until 2030 (meso-level). Established vintage stock energy models will be employed for appliances (FORECAST) and for buildings (Invert/EE-Lab) and linked with an agent-based modelling approach (ABM) Explores the macro-level impacts of changes in microeconomic decision-making and energy-efficiency policy on employment, GDP and exports until 2030, relying on simulations with a recognized macroeconomic model for the EU (ASTRA) Offers evidence-based recommendations for key energy efficiency policies and input for impact assessments and policy analysis at the three levels of analysis. Communicates empirical findings to policy makers, national experts, the re-search community and the general public


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2009.3.1.5.1 | Award Amount: 4.56M | Year: 2010

The programme, involving leading European organisations, will develop innovative smart technology, systems and implementation tools. The project is set out into six main work packages: WP1 Management: controlling the operation, scientific excellence and finance of the consortium. WP2 FRe technology: developing innovative and smart technology and products, based on extending current products and introducing smart systems that rely less on manual intervention. The emphasis is on cost effective solutions. The WP will develop guidance and standards for FRe technology that could be adopted by standards organisations as harmonised standards. WP3 FRe systems: developing the concept of flood resilient systems in the urban environment through the use of case studies in seven partner countries. FRe systems are the combination of FRe technology and the urban environment within which they sit. The FRe systems can range from individual building and infrastructure level to whole cities. WP4 FRe implementation: considering how to implement FRe technology and systems in practice. It will consider appropriate tools and develop a decision support system. WP5 Integration: bringing together the theory and practical research in WP2 WP4, the intention is to demonstrate how FRe technology, systems and implementation can work in practice. The involvement of relevant stakeholders through national support groups will be essential. WP6 Dissemination: a range of dissemination activities are planned within the project. A project web site will host an information platform. National and international conferences will disseminate the research results and create impact amongst stakeholders. A manual of FRe technology, systems and implementation tools will be produced. The project partners have already cooperated for more than three years in COST Action C22 Urban Flood Management and are therefore well placed to successfully undertake this project.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: BBI-RIA | Phase: BBI.R10-2015 | Award Amount: 5.00M | Year: 2016

Sustainable production of chemical building blocks and other added value products from plant biomass is required for a bio-based economy. However, the biomass biorefineries should benefit not only from the use of renewable feedstocks but also from greener and more efficient bio-chemical technologies. Previous projects have shown the potential of oxidative enzymes in the production of some added value compounds from biomass components. Of special interest are still unexplored oxidation/oxyfunctionalization reactions (of sugar and lipid compounds) by microbial oxidoreductases, including new (self-sufficient) heme-thiolate peroxygenases. In this context, EnzOx2 plans to develop a 100% biochemical conversion of bio-based 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) into diformylfuran, a platform chemical, and 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA), a plastic building-block. Oxidases (flavo and copper/radical) and peroxygenases will be used to perform the three-step oxidation of HMF to FDCA in a co-substrate and side-product free, one-pot conversion. On the other hand, highly (regio/stereo) selective hydroxylation of plant lipids (such as fatty acids, terpenes and steroids) by peroxygenases will be optimized for cost-effective production of flavours and fragrances (F&F), active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and others. ENZOX2 aims to solve some main bottlenecks in these industrial processes by the use of bio-chemical tools (new/engineered enzymes and optimized biotransformations), to be later validated at the pilot/flagship scale. To attain this objective the consortium includes: i) two world leaders in industrial enzymes (Novozymes) and F&F (Firmenich); ii) two chemical SMEs producing HMF and chiral APIs (AVA-Biochem and Chiracon); iii) two specialized biotechnology SMEs (JenaBios and CLEA); iv) one technology centre in the Plastics sector (AIMPLAS); and v) three CSIC institutes and two universities (Dresden and Delft) with expertise in enzyme reactions and bioprocess implementation.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: ECSEL-IA | Phase: ECSEL-15-2015 | Award Amount: 65.27M | Year: 2016

The EU has set the stage to empower semiconductor manufacturing in Europe being one of the key drivers for innovation and employment and creator for answers to the challenges of the modern society. Aim of IoSense is to boost the European competitiveness of ECS industries by increasing the pilot production capacity and improving Time-to-Market for innovative microelectronics, accomplished by establishing three fully connected semiconductor pilot lines in Europe: two 200mm frontend (Dresden and Regensburg) and one backend (Regensburg) lines networking with existing highly specialized manufacturing lines. Focus is the availability of top innovative, competitive sensors and sensor systems Made in Europe for applications in Smart Mobility, Society, Energy, Health and Production. Today competitors are already involved in the development of sensor systems for applications in the emerging Internet of Things. But there is a significant gap between those forces and the capabilities to bring ideas into the high volume market fast enough. IoSense will close this gap by providing three modular flexible pilot lines being seamless integrated in the IoT value crating networks and ready to manufacture each kind of sensor system prototypes. IoSense will increase the manufacturing capacity of sensor/MEMS components in the involved pilot lines by factor of 10 while reducing manufacturing cost and time by 30%. IoSense is designed to enable focused development work on technological and application oriented tasks combining with market orientation. Design to Market Needs will be accomplished by customer involvement, embedding all required functionality besides sensors. Finally, the time for idea-to-market for new sensor systems is intended to be brought down to less than one year. As a result, semiconductor manufacturing will get a new boost in Europe enabling the industry with competitive solutions, securing employment and providing answers to the upcoming challenges in the IoT era.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2011.6.1-5 | Award Amount: 4.38M | Year: 2012

SURVEILLE systematically reviews the impacts of different surveillance systems, and also helps manufacturers and end-users better to develop and deploy these systems. It is a multidisciplinary project combining law, ethics, sociology and technology analysis in a small number of highly collaborative, cross-cutting work packages. SURVEILLE will assess surveillance technology for its actual effectiveness in fighting crime and terrorism, for its social and economic costs, and will survey perceptions of surveillance in the general public and certain identified target groups. The investigation of societal and ethical aspects will focus on undesired side effects of surveillance systems. SURVEILLE will address legal limitations on the use of surveillance technologies as well as ethical constraints. SURVEILLE will include analysis of the potential of privacy by design and privacy-enhancing technologies in the context of surveillance systems. It will interact with technology developers and manufacturers through a systematically delivered advisory service. The issues raised in the advisory service will in turn inform emphases in research deliverables. SURVEILLE will provide an interface with law enforcement officials to seek their feedback as results emerge from the research. The project aims at wide dissemination, including amongst European and national decision-makers. It will also contribute in the field of training of judges, prosecutors and the police. Partners within the SURVEILLE consortium strongly represent academic, commercial, law-enforcement and community actors connected with surveillance.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: NFRP-06-2014 | Award Amount: 5.95M | Year: 2015

The HORIZON 2020 EURATOM Collaborative Project Cement-based materials, properties, evolution, barrier functions (Cebama) is developed with the overall objective to support implementation of geological disposal of nuclear waste by improving the knowledge base for the Safety Case. Cement-based materials are highly relevant in this context, being used as waste forms, liners and structural components or sealing materials in different types of host rocks and disposal concepts. Specific objectives of Cebama are (i) experimental studies of interface processes between cement based materials and host rocks or bentonite, and assessing the specific impact on transport properties, (ii) quantifying radionuclide retention under high pH cement conditions, and (iii) developing comprehensive modeling approaches. Modeling will support interpretation of results and prediction of the long-term evolution of key transport characteristics such as porosity, permeability and diffusion parameters especially in the interface between cement based materials and the engineered and natural barriers. Further objectives cover dissemination of results to scientific and non-scientific stakeholders as well as training and education of young professionals for carrying over the expertise into future implementation programms. To a large extent, the experimental and modelling work will be part of PhD theses, aiming at high scientific-technical impact and quality with respect to peer-reviewed publications. The 4 years project is implemented by a consortium of 27 partners consisting of large Research Institutions, Universities, one TSO and one SME from 9 EURATOM Signatory States, Switzerland and Japan. National Waste Management Organizations support Cebama by co-developing the work plan, participation in the End-User Group, granting co-funding to some beneficiaries, and providing for knowledge and information transfer.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: NFRP-03-2014 | Award Amount: 5.24M | Year: 2015

Imagine an inherently safe reactor that produces all electricity world-wide for thousands of years, and recycles all actinides until fission. The Molten Salt Fast Reactor (MSFR) can reach this goal. The cylindrical reactor core contains actinide-fluorides mixed in lithium-fluoride. The liquid salt is at ambient pressure and can freely expand upon heating, giving a strong negative reactivity feedback. The core is in its most reactive state and any geometrical change lead to lower reactivity. In case of hypothetical accidents, the fuel salt will automatically be drained via freeze plugs into fail-safe tanks. The fuel salt is continuously cleaned and controlled in an integrated chemical plant. The MSFR can operate as a breeder reactor in the thorium fuel cycle or as a burner reactor fuelled with plutonium and minor actinides. In short: the MSFR excels in safety, sustainability and optimal waste management. Within SAMOFAR we will perform advanced experiments to proof the key safety features: The freeze plug and draining of the fuel salt Measurement of safety-related data of the fuel salt New coatings to structural materials like Ni-based alloys The dynamics of natural circulation of (internally heated) fuel salts The reductive processes to extract lanthanides and actinides from the fuel salt Furthermore, we will build a software simulator to demonstrate the operational transients, and we will show the mild responses of the MSFR to transients and accident scenarios, using new leading-edge multi-physics simulation tools including uncertainty quantification. All experimental and numerical results will be incorporated into the new reactor design, which will be subjected to a new integral safety assessment method. The goal of SAMOFAR is to deliver indisputable evidence of the excellent safety features of the MSFR, and to enable a consortium of important stakeholders like TSOs and industry, to advance with the MSFR up to the Demonstration phase.


Grant
Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 100.37K | Year: 2015

The rising age of the UK population presents one of the major challenges to our society and economy and it is vital that we maximise the contribution of the most experienced individuals by increasing the number of years we live in best possible health. The mitochondrial respiratory chain, which is essential for the production of ATP and a prime source of reactive oxygen species, is thought to have a major influence on the rate at which we age. Moreover, defects in the respiratory chain are responsible for mitochondrial diseases - these are rare, but their outcome is often very severe, if not fatal. Their diagnosis is fraught with difficulties and there is no cure. Complex I is a crucial but poorly understood element in the mitochondrial respiratory chain and we propose to elucidate a particularly important aspect of the mechanism of this essential enzyme by employing a multidisciplinary approach. We will study the bovine enzyme, a close relative of human complex I, employing in particular electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy, a powerful method for investigating chemical centres having unpaired electrons. In complex I such unpaired electrons are naturally present or can be generated in mechanistically highly informative locations and we will harness the information they provide through advanced pulse EPR and biochemical methods. Our work will constitute a major step forward in obtaining a complete picture of the molecular mechanism of one of the most important, largest and most enigmatic enzymes in our bodies, with long-term implications for increasing our healthy lifespan and for the recognition and treatment of mitochondrial diseases resulting from complex I dysfunction. Our proposed research program will have immediate impact on UK science, with academic beneficiaries in a diverse range of research disciplines. We will provide top-quality interdisciplinary training for the EPSRC PDRA (and at least two Queen Mary University undergraduate research project students), to provide expertise at the interface of chemistry and biology, with a quantitative approach to fundamental biochemical problems.


The overall aim of the project is to create an integrated community that will drive innovation in the field of critical raw material substitution for the benefit of EU industry. The project will: Deliver a mapping of on-going initiatives in the field of substitution of CRM at the EU level and Member States that will allow for the identification of key champions and synergies. The mapping will also consider other initiatives of international character. Develop a methodology to establish clear criteria for the prioritisation of applications which are at threat and the technological and non-technological needs regarding the substitution of CRM. Propose a roadmap for the substitution of CRM in coordination and cooperation with all stakeholders across the CRM substitution value chain while paying close attention to the specificities of critical industrial sectors as well as possible synergies. Create one or more Pole(s) of Excellence in the field of substitution of CRM that will ensure the relevance and usefulness of the project results and constitute a dynamic, open and proactive platform for the entire stakeholder community aiming to support and enhance the competitiveness of the EU industry and economy. CRM-Innonet will carry out a feasibility study considering the potential models and routes for this Pole(s) to endure after the project termination and decide upon concrete future actions in this respect. Prepare a document containing recommendations, future initiative ideas and suggested actions for policy makers with the widest possible endorsement and consensus of all stakeholders involved. The CRM-InnoNet consortium is comprised of recognised and experienced key actors across the value chain of substitution of CRM representing academia, research establishments and industry bodies of relevant sectors that will ensure a wide European coverage and high potential to reach and engage other necessary players across the European Research Area.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EURO-3-2014 | Award Amount: 2.74M | Year: 2015

In 2013, as a response to rising inequalities, poverty and distrust in the EU, the Commission launched a major endeavour to rebalance economic and social policies with the Social Investment Package (SIP). RE-InVEST aims to strengthen the philosophical, institutional and empirical underpinnings of the SIP, based on social investment in human rights and capabilities. Our consortium is embedded in the Alliances to Fight Poverty. We will actively involve European citizens severely affected by the crisis in the co-construction of a more powerful and effective social investment agenda with policy recommendations. This translates into the following specific objectives: 1. Development of innovative methodological tools for participative research, involving mixed teams of researchers, NGO workers and people from vulnerable groups in the co-construction of knowledge on social policy issues; 2. Diagnosis of the social damage of the crisis in terms of (erosion of) human rights, social (dis)investment, loss of (collective) capabilities; 3. Analysis of the relationships between the rise of poverty and social exclusion, the decline of social cohesion and trust, and the threats to democracy and solidarity in the EU; 4. Development of a theoretical model of social investment, with a focus on the promotion of human rights and capabilities; 5. Application of this model to active labour market policies and social protection: evaluation of policy innovations through qualitative and quantitative analyses; 6. Application of the same model to public intervention in five selected basic service markets: water provision, housing, early childhood education, health care and financial services, through qualitative and quantitative analyses; 7. Analysis of the macro-level boundary conditions for successful implementation of the SIP; 8. Capacity building in civil society organisations for the promotion of the European social investment agenda, through networking and policy recommendations.


Da Silva C.B.,University of Lisbon | Hunt J.C.R.,University College London | Eames I.,University College London | Westerweel J.,Technical University of Delft
Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics | Year: 2014

Recent developments in the physics and modeling of interfacial layers between regions with different turbulent intensities are reviewed. The flow dynamics across these layers governs exchanges of mass, momentum, energy, and scalars (e.g., temperature), which determine the growth, spreading, mixing, and reaction rates in many flows of engineering and natural interest. Results from several analytical and linearized models are reviewed. Particular attention is given to the case of turbulent/nonturbulent interfaces that exist at the edges of jets, wakes, mixing layers, and boundary layers. The geometry, dynamics, and scaling of these interfaces are reviewed, and future lines of research are suggested. The dynamics of passive and active scalars is also discussed, including the effects of stratification, turbulence level, and internal forcing. Finally, the modeling challenges for one-point closures and subgrid-scale models are briefly mentioned. Copyright © 2014 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.

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