Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ISIB-04b-2015 | Award Amount: 4.00M | Year: 2016
European forests are expected to provide a broad range of ecosystem services (ES). This capacity is however threatened by the uncertainties of climate change, the complex dynamics of evolving global markets and the pressures for increased use of bioenergy. Such challenges cannot be effectively addressed with an uncritical regional or national commitment to traditional forest management models (FMMs), as these are unlikely to ensure the sustained long-term provisioning of desired ES, let alone their optimised delivery. ALTERFORs goal is thus to facilitate the implementation of FMMs better suited to meeting the challenges of the 21st century by: (1) Identifying and developing FMMs robust in their capacity to deliver ES and overcome projected socio-ecological risks and uncertainties; (2) Assessing the impact of different FMM combinations in terms of resultant ES baskets on the European and landscape level, and (3) Facilitating the implementation of desired FMMs and improving cross-national knowledge transfer regarding their benefits, costs, management, and utilization. The project will involve a consortium of 19 organisations from nine countries chosen due to their possession of the transdisciplinary expertise necessary to achieve these objectives, and for ensuring an encompassing representation of Europes socio-economic conditions and prevailing forest management paradigms. Based on carefully designed case studies, the consortium will make sure realistic models of forest owner behaviour are employed; guarantee the involvement of forest stakeholders throughout the project; anchor the desired FMMs to relevant forest actors; and help disseminate project findings to local, national and European stakeholders. The main long-term impact of ALTERFOR is the implementation of FMMs that secure the capacity of Europes forests to continue providing a balanced ES basket that societies will depend upon over the coming century.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: ENV.2011.2.1.6-1 | Award Amount: 8.85M | Year: 2011
The vital environmental and socio-economic role of European forests is well documented and acknowledged in policy documents of both the European Union and its member states. However, there are critical incoherencies within and between trans-national, national and local forest-related land use policies, the central issue being mismatches between the policies and their implementation at the landscape level. Hence, there is a need to improve existing policy and management approaches capable of delivering a better balance between multiple and conflicting demands for forest goods and services. Diminishing mismatches and providing a new policy and management approach that is sensitive to ecological, socioeconomic and political issues of are the main objectives of INTEGRAL. The objectives are achieved by following a research approach with 3 phases: diagnostic analysis of the status-quo (phase 1), participatory development and evaluation of scenarios (phase 2), and problem-solving oriented back-casting for policy development and evaluation (phase 3). The research design will be applied in a total of 20 landscapes in 10 European countries that differ in key characteristics, such as ownership, the importance of forestry and forest-based industries and the priorities of allocation and management of new and existing forest lands. The involvement of national and local stakeholder groups all the way through the project plays a decisive role in the project. The most important long term impact of INTEGRAL consists of the knowledge and competence base for integrating international, national and local levels in participatory decision and planning processes. This includes the development of manuals for how to conduct such processes, methods for utilizing quantitative decision support tools in the participatory process, and the establishment of a body of knowledge among those participating in the extensive case studies. Thus, the consistency of implemented forest policies can be enhanced.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 2.43M | Year: 2017
Our society in Europe is still under prepared for the demographic changing situation of an ageing population which began several decades ago. This is visible in the age structure of the population and is reflected by the fact that the population aged 65 years and over is increasing in every European country. The growth in the elderly population may be explained by increased longevity, but at the same time, we also see an increase in debilitating conditions. However, it is also clear that the elderly are afflicted by challenging health conditions as a direct consequence of being elderly which impact their quality of life (QOL), e.g. living alone, depression, recovery from illness, immobility. This is what we would like to address. Living longer should be a privilege but there has been a collective failure to address social implications and QOL issues, where social care and the way it is funded are already in crisis. Our aim in this project is to couple the need for new societal approaches in addressing this changing demographic with improving the economy of green microenvironment sites, where health tourism and creating new jobs in this sector would in turn fund and provide benefits with respect to the well-being of the elderly. The ultimate outcome, through this pan-European academic and industrial project, will be: a) to derive cross-disciplinary and inter-sectorial knowledge of how to improve physical and mental well-being in the elderly, b) to characterise the environmental geology of Nemi and to correlate the identified features with improvements in health, well-being and recovery, c) to train a new generation of specialists in the sector of recreation and health for the tourism industry, d) the training of specialists in social and therapeutic horticulture (STH) as a way to improve physical and mental health, e) to create a model for health tourism, and f) to produce a business plan with an economic impact analysis.
Hricova J.,Technical University In Zvolen
Manufacturing Technology | Year: 2013
Milling is one of the most universal operations in machining processes because it can remove the redundant part of material efficiently, and moreover, it can produce almost all kinds of contour surfaces with a high quality finish. Surface roughness plays an important role in determining the product quality since it strongly influences the performance of mechanical parts as well as production cost. Many types of cutting materials are used as tool materials in today's metalworking industry. Selecting the proper cutting tool material for a specific machining applicationcan provide substantial advantages including increased productivity, improved quality and ultimately reduced costs. This article is aimed at determining the influence of different tool materials on surface roughness of AlMgSi aluminium alloy after side milling with using of the analysis of variance (ANOVA). © 2013 Published by Manufacturing Technology.
Sujova E.,Technical University In Zvolen
Engineering Review | Year: 2012
Utilization of metalworking fluids in the technological process of metalworking brings its advantages and disadvantages, mainly associated with the contamination of the working air through cutting fluid mist. The primary aim of this article is to approximate the mechanism of aerosols generation which contaminates the working air and to draw the attention to the problem of quantification of generated aerosols that are to be kept to exposure limits. The focus has been placed on the mechanisms of cutting fluid mist formation via atomization on a stationary or a rotating workpiece and on the other hand, via vaporization. The next objective is to characterize health risks resulting from the utilization of metalworking fluids in the production process.
Kalincova D.,Technical University In Zvolen
Manufacturing Technology | Year: 2012
The paper is aimed at the analysis of a welded band-saw blade joint. The analysis is focused on the influence of joint annealing on the microstructure and mechanical properties. The results of experimental work are focused on an assessment of a set of band-saw blades samples made of material DIN C75. The samples have been welded and evaluated in the states prior and after welding and annealing. The purpose of the experiment was to analyse the influence of different annealing temperatures on structural and mechanical properties and based on the analysis to propose optimal heating temperature that guarantees reliable operation of the band-saw blades. The results of hardness measurement and microstructure evaluation confirmed the need of annealing after welding of band-saw blades.
Jakubisova M.,Technical University In Zvolen
Public Recreation and Landscape Protection - With Man Hand in HandÃÆÃÂ¯ÃâÃÂ¿ÃâÃÂ½, Conference Proceeding | Year: 2013
In article we present the proposal of educational touristic polygon in Protected Site - Borová Hora Arboretum for people with limited mobility - disabled people in wheelchairs. Will be designed a small constructions, relaxation-resting zones, orientation signs and education posters. Education will be focused on these topics: tree species forest communities; forest as an ecosystem; functions of the forest ecosystems; forest vegetation zones and climate changes; tree species in Slovakia and their ecological requirements; forest tree species and their protection; cognition of basic tree species; interesting facts about trees of the Slovakia and of the world. Training will be realized at selected places - marked points through educational panels and demonstration of collections of the Borová Hora Arboretum. Will be used: theoretical and practical methods of teaching by experiencebased education in nature; educational AIDS placed in the natural scenery; authentic examples; professional interpretations and practical presentations. The total length of the proposed polygon for visitors with disabilities is 2,605 km. The time of duration for passing of touristic polygon is 4 hours including educational stopping. The polygon is proposed in accordance with the technical standards for wheelchair users.
Jakubis M.,Technical University In Zvolen
Public Recreation and Landscape Protection - With Man Hand in HandÃÆÃÂ¯ÃâÃÂ¿ÃâÃÂ½, Conference Proceeding | Year: 2013
The report deals with the importance of torrents in connection with recreational and touristic potential of the landscape. With the example of torrent Jelenec in Ve ká Fatra National Park (Central Slovakia) is through educational - ecotouristic polygon explained irrecoverable importance of torrents for man and the landscape. The visitors will be recognized with basic information and knowledge about characteristics of torrents and their watersheds, positive and negative importance of torrents, singularity and specifics of torrent ecosystems, flash floods, torrent erosion, nature near torrent control, individual design elements of torrent control, riparian stands, measures in torrent watersheds, revitalization of torrents, torrent watersheds management etc. The knowledge will be presented on 12 proposed stands with informative boards. The proposed polygon has a lenght of 4,090 km (one direction), of 8,180 km (there and back), respectively. The route is intended for general public and can be used as a means of holistic education for students in various levels and forms of study with focusing on nature, landscape and environment protection, landscape ecology, landscape engineering, protection of water sources, flood and erosion control etc.
Makovinyiova K.,Technical University In Zvolen
Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications | Year: 2011
In this paper we analyze a macroeconomic model derived from Schinasi's model of a closed economy. Rigorous analysis of the existence and stability of the equilibrium is carried out. We present a formula for the calculation of the focus constant in the bifurcation equation of the model. Thereafter we prove the existence and stability of business cycles by application of the Hopf bifurcation theorem. Finally, we give an example of a model with a stable business cycle and its graphical illustrations. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IRSES | Award Amount: 378.10K | Year: 2012
The proposed research project brings together European universities and research centres from Spain, Italy and Germany and three participant institutions from Russian Federation and Ukraine. It builds on existing international projects under the Seventh Framework programme and will enhance the already active collaboration in the field of environmental protection. The main aim of the proposal is to create conditions for mutual research among similarly orientated European research institutions and overcome existing gap between research institution and wood processing industry. The main objectives are: supporting and improving human and research potential, expanding research cooperation in European research area, spreading the output of the research on the both European and international level. Some of the project outputs are exchanging know-how with experienced research entities in Europe, Russia and Ukraine organizing conferences, creating strategic research plan for forest products based sector, improving tools for research results dissemination and online service for forest based industry sector. Increasing production of wood processing industry within Europe, with limited resources of renewable wood raw material, creates needs for more efficient, effective and knowledge based utilization of this raw material. The project consists of the following workpackage Preparation, characterization of nanomaterials from natural and synthetic ionits for adsorption of industrial toxicants; Preparation, characterization and application of combined adsorbents on the base of carbon nanomaterials; Application of nanosorbents for wastewaters and air purification and utilization in nanocomposite materials; Development of a sensor of industrial toxicants and biomedical devices on the base of nanomaterials; Risk and impact assessment related to production and application of nanomaterials in the wood industry as well as Project coordination.