Kaupp M.,Technical University Berlininstitut For Chemie |
Guckel S.,Technical University Berlininstitut For Chemie |
Renz M.,Technical University Berlininstitut For Chemie |
Klawohn S.,Technical University Berlininstitut For Chemie |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Computational Chemistry | Year: 2015
A series of paracyclophane (PC) bridged mixed-valence (MV) bis-triarylamine radical cations with different ([2.2], [3.3], [4.4]) linkers, with and without additional ethynyl spacers, have been studied by quantum-chemical calculations (BLYP35-D3/TZVP/COSMO) of ground-state structures, thermal electron-transfer barriers, hyperfine couplings, and lowest-lying excited states. Such PC-bridged MV systems are important intra-molecular model systems for inter-molecular electron transfer (ET) via π-stacked aromatics, since they allow enforcement of a more or less well-defined geometrical arrangement. Closely comparable ET barriers and electronic couplings for all [2.2] and [3.3] bridges are found for these class-II MV systems, irrespective of the use of pseudo-para and pseudo-meta connections. While the latter observation contradicts notions of quantum interference for off-resonant conduction through molecular wires, it agrees with the less intricate nodal structures of the highest occupied molecular orbitals. The ET in such MV systems may be more closely connected with hole conduction in the resonant regime. Computations on model cations, in which the [2.2] linkers have been truncated, confirm predominant through-space π-π electronic coupling. Systems with [4.4] PC bridges exhibit far more structural flexibility and concomitantly weaker electronic interactions between the redox centers. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.