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Ji G.,Tianjin University of Technology | Ji H.,Tianjin University of Technology | Li X.,Technical Center for Safety of Industrial Products
Key Engineering Materials | Year: 2012

Zirconium diboride nano-powders were synthesized by novel sol-gel technology using zirconium oxychloride, boric acid and sucrose as row materials. Different sol network modifiers, such as propylene oxide (PO) and citric acid (CA), were used to control the formation of zirconia precursor sol, respectively. PO could stabilize the sol by protonation and ring-opening reactions, and CA could form the sol network by chelation, then transformed to gel network. Gel was dried, ground, and exposed to carbonthermal reduction heat treatment (1500°C, 2h, flowing 95%argon mix with 5% hydrogen) to prepare ZrB2 nano-powders. In this study, effects of sol network modifiers on preparation procedure, powder characteristics were performed by using Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The purity of ZrB2 will improve by increasing the molar ratio of B/Zr, the photomicrograph revealed nearly pure ZrB2 nano-powders with spherical shape of 50-200nm and well dispersed were obtained with a molar ratio of B/Zr of 3.0 at 1500°C for 2h using PO as chemical modifier. © (2013) Trans Tech Publications. Source


Xing P.,Nanyang Technological University | Xing P.,Shandong University | Zhao Z.,Technical Center for Safety of Industrial Products | Hao A.,Shandong University | Zhao Y.,Nanyang Technological University
Chemical Communications | Year: 2016

Structural matching of two organic building blocks bearing glutamate units and different luminophores assembled into unilamellar nanovesicles in aqueous media through a co-assembly process. Aggregation-induced energy transfer took place in the co-assembled system, leading to controllable generation of multiple luminescence colors including white light. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016. Source


Tong X.,Tianjin University of Technology | Sun Y.,Tianjin University of Technology | Yan Y.,Tianjin University of Technology | Luo X.,Technical Center for Safety of Industrial Products | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical | Year: 2014

A highly efficient N-bromosuccinimide (NBS)-mediated transition metal-free catalytic system has developed for the efficient aerobic oxidation of aromatic alcohols. Various aromatic alcohols are successfully oxidized to the corresponding aldehydes or ketones under mild condition. For instance, benzyl alcohol is oxidized to benzaldehyde with 99% conversion in 94.5% selectivity with 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone (DDQ)-NaNO2-NBS system under 0.3 MPa of O2 at 90 °C for 2 h. The effects of reaction time, catalyst amount and solvents are investigated in detail, and a possible reaction mechanism is proposed. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source


Dong J.,Weinan Vocational and Technical College | Dong J.,China Institute of Technology | Peng Y.,China Institute of Technology | Gao N.,Weinan Vocational and Technical College | And 6 more authors.
Analyst | Year: 2012

A new surface-initiated polymerization based on pasting the initiator on a sensor chip surface was applied to prepare a malachite green (MG) imprinted ultrathin film on a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor. First, the initiator (2,2-azoisobutyronitrile) was pasted on the gold surface using polyvinyl chloride (PVC). The initiator-covered gold chip was then soaked in a pre-polymerization solution prepared by dissolving methacrylic acid (functional monomer), ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (cross-linker), and MG (template) in DMSO in a weighing bottle. Finally, the weighing bottle was placed in a vacuum oven and thermal-initiated polymerization was conducted at 60 °C for 16 h. This method was simple and time-saving compared with the commonly used surface-initiated polymerization. More importantly, the molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) film prepared using this method was much thicker than that of commonly used methods; the adsorption quantity was also much larger. The MIP modified SPR sensor showed high sensitivity and selectivity as well as good stability in detecting MG. The results suggest that the ultrathin MIP film prepared using the new method in this study is suitable to serve as the recognition element of the SPR sensor. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source


Xu W.,Shaanxi University of Science and Technology | Hao L.,Shaanxi University of Science and Technology | Zhou L.,Technical Center for Safety of Industrial Products
Advanced Materials Research | Year: 2010

Traditional lime and sulfide dehairing process is a major source of the pollution, such as biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total dissolved solids (TDS), total suspended solids (TSS) and toxic H2S gas, etc. Enzymatic dehairing process is known to be cleaner but its dehairing effects are unsatisfactory. Hence, an attempt has been made to solve those two unhairing methods' disadvantages through a biochemical approach. Several commercial enzyme formulations were chosen to research effects of hydrosulfide and peroxide on its activities, and then hair-saving enzymatic unhairing experiments with those two reagents were conducted in paste and pile method more effectively and cleanly. Results show that activity of enzyme 2709 is stabilized by the addition of hydrosulfide through activity measurements; Peroxide has some activation effect on protease 3942. Hair removal is found to be complete using scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis. Those two processes enjoy a significant reduction in BOD, COD, TDS and TSS. The perfromances of the experimental leathers are also comparable to that of conventional ones. Therefore, those are cleaner processing technologies that could be chosen to solve traditional method's disadvantage. © (2010) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland. Source

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