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Fazili M.R.,Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex | Kirmani M.A.,Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology
Asian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2011

In Kashmir, equine species plays a very important role in the socio-economic life of the human population. They are the beasts of burden and have also been playing important role in tourism promotion. The majority of the equine population comprises of ponies that are owned only by socially and economically deprived landless, marginal and small farmers. Unfortunately, till date the contribution of this species has neither been calculated nor recognized, their welfare often neglected. No attention has been paid to research and development of this domestic animal. In this study, the current status of equines in Kashmir, the constraints affecting their development and survival, priority research areas and establishment of species specific infrastructure is highlighted. © 2011 Knowledgia Review, Malaysia. Source


Rao V.V.,Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex
Toxicology International | Year: 2011

Lead toxicity was studied in male broiler chicks (Cobb strain) of a day-old age. The chicks were randomly divided into six groups consisting of 15 in each group. Group 1 was maintained as basal diet control and group 2 was kept on lead at 300 ppm in feed throughout 5 wk as toxic control without any treatment. Groups 3 and 4 were maintained on herbal methionine at 1.4 g/kg feed + Mangifera indica at 0.1% in feed, respectively. Groups 5 and 6 were treated with lead + herbal methionine and lead + M.indica, respectively, for the 5 wk. The concentration of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and protein carbonyls, and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase in liver and kidney revealed a significant (P<0.05) increase, while there was a significant (P<0.05) decrease in the concentration of reduced glutathione (GSH) in liver and kidney, and hepatocytic membrane ATPases and cytochrome P 450 (CYP 450 ) in liver in the lead toxic control group. Treatment with herbal remedies in groups 5 and 6 resulted in a marked improvement in all the above parameters as compared to those of lead toxic control. Thus, it is concluded that lead induces biological damage by means of oxidative stress and the herbs in test offered better amelioration. The beneficial effects of herbal methionine and Ma. indica may be attributed to their antioxidant, anti-stress and hepatoprotective principles. Source


Saravanan M.,Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex | Vijayakumar H.,MVC | Sasikala V.,Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2014

Two percent of the dogs with ascites of hepatic insufficiency were recorded. Decline in the values of Hb, PCV, RBCs and increased TLC and prothrombin time were recorded. Hypoproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia with elevated bilirubin and liver enzymes were observed. Abdominal ultrasound revealed anechoic structure with focal and diffused hyper echoic, cirrhosis of liver and gall bladder disorders were recorded. Ascitic fluid was clear/transudate with a few mesothelial cells, lymphocytes, monocytes and neutrophils in most of the ascitic dogs. Decreased serum total protein, albumin and elevated serum ALT, AST, ALP, total bilirubin, prolonged prothrombin time and SAAG was good indicator for diagnosis of ascites due to HBD. Ascitic fluid analysis and serum ascites albumin gradient (SAAG) may be a key indicator for diagnose etiopathogenesis of ascites in dog. Source


Fazili M.R.,Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex | Khan I.,University Of Kashmir
Animal Reproduction Science | Year: 2013

The study evaluates a pinhole castration technique in male stray dogs Animals (n= 18) were randomly allotted to 2 groups: group I (n= 12, pinhole castration) and group II (n= 6, sham control) Percutaneous (in situ) spermatic cord ligation was performed under xylazine-ketamine anesthesia in all animals of group I Scrotal and the testicular dimensions and testicular volume were measured on day 28 followed by bilateral orchiectomy in both the groups Significantly lower readings were obtained from animals of group I when compared with pre-ligation readings as well as the corresponding readings from group II animals In ligated animals volume of testicles showed a reduction by 40.57% Histopathological examination of testicles revealed degeneration and atrophy in Group I animals On the whole pinhole castration was found effective, minimally invasive, cheap, simple and a quick technique for male dog sterilization with potential for adoption in large-scale animal birth control programs © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

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