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Jovanovic G.K.,Teaching Institute of Public Health of Primorsko Goranska County | Kresic G.,University of Rijeka | Zezelj S.P.,Teaching Institute of Public Health of Primorsko Goranska County | Micovic V.,Teaching Institute of Public Health of Primorsko Goranska County | Nadarevic V.S.,Croatian Institute for Health Insurance
Collegium Antropologicum

The aims of this study were to determine medical students' knowledge regarding the association between dietary factors and the risk of cancer and cardiovascular diseases and to investigate if this knowledge has an impact on their dietary intakes. Three hundred and ninety medical students (males and females) were included in a study and grouped according to their daily fibre and fat intakes. For diet - disease knowledge, questions from the General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire for Adults were used and dietary assessment was done with Food Frequency Questionnaire. The obtained results showed that the students' diet-disease knowledge was generally inadequate. Higher level of diet-disease knowledge was among those with high dietary fibre intake, with slightly better scores for dietary factors and risk for cardiovascular diseases than the risk for cancer. Better diet-disease knowledge positively correlated with higher intake of fish (p=0.027, p=0.001) and vegetables (p=0.019, p=0.001) in high fibre groups of both gender, and in females additionally with fruit intake (p=0.038, p=0.007). A higher dietary fibre intake among studied students seems to be a factor that ensures lower obesity rates, lower intake of energy and lower consumption of coffee, sweets and alcoholic drinks. On the basis of the results of this study, it is clear that medical schools should provide in their nutrition programs the opportunity for students to learn about their own dietary and lifestyle behaviours, in order to more nowledgably and convincingly counsel their future patients. Source

Jovanovic G.K.,Teaching Institute of Public Health of Primorsko Goranska County | Zezelj S.P.,Teaching Institute of Public Health of Primorsko Goranska County | Malatestinic D.,Teaching Institute of Public Health of Primorsko Goranska County | Sutic I.M.,University of Rijeka | And 2 more authors.
Collegium Antropologicum

Accorded dietary habits provide adequate nutrient intakes, especially important for quality aging. Adequate nutrition for older persons has vital influence on maintaining good health and social functioning. Therefore, using simple tool for evaluation of diet of older population in relation to overweight and obesity is of public health importance. Among many factor that influence quality of aging has obesity, where in Croatia the prevalence of obesity is greater in older women than men. Our aim was to evaluate diet quality of middle age and older women from Primorsko-Goranska County by Healthy Eating Index (HEI) and to see the association of HEI to overweight and obesity. Diet quality of 124 women with average age 59.91±5.31 years was graded with 10 component HEI score, ranging from 0 to 100, where HEI score less than 51 implies »poor« diet. Overweight and obesity was classified according to WHO classification. The majority of women had diet that »needs improvement (66.1%), and only 3.2% had »good« diet. Older women had better HEI score than middle-aged women, while overweight was statistically significant positively related to better HEI score (β=0.26, p=0.048). Older women better scored for meat, dairy, cholesterol and dietary variety. »Poor« diet mostly had women with normal weight and middle-aged. Age did not influenced overall HEI score, neither its components. Obese women had lower achievements for almost all recommended HEI components. Women having »poor« diet quality could raise a chance for overweight and obesity for almost two times ([OR]=1.67, 95%[CI]=1.072-2.59, p=0.023; [OR]=1.51, 95%[CI]=1.08-2.10, p=0.015, respectively). The provided results showed that with age, women tended to have better diet. These could be because of that with aging are higher disease incidences that essentially need diet improvements; so older women tended to improve their diet to reduce disease discomforts. Being obese influenced the diet quality of our sample of women, therefore, for quality aging, the importance of public health nutrition programs are strongly needed. HEI score is a good assessment for diet quality, but further investigation of influence on other sociodemographic and health characteristics is required. Source

Gasic U.M.,University of Belgrade | Natic M.M.,University of Belgrade | Misic D.M.,University of Belgrade | Lusic D.V.,University of Rijeka | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis

The objective of the present study was to trace phytochemicals that characterize unifloral Common sage (Salvia officinalis L.) honey originating from the Croatian North Adriatic coast. The polyphenolic profiles and total phenolic contents (TPC), the compositions of minerals, sugars and sugar alcohols, and the radical scavenging activities (RSA) of 18 unifloral S. officinalis honey samples were investigated. The quantitative data on the targeted compounds (25 phenolic compounds, 14 carbohydrates and 25 minerals) together with the TPC and RSA data served as a pool of variables for multivariate analysis, which provided useful information for the accurate authentication of unifloral sage honey and its discrimination from other unifloral types of honey. The proposed markers, together with chemometrics, could further contribute, as a powerful tool, to the quality control of Croatian unifloral S. officinalis honey and thus, possibly certify its commercial value. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

Synek S.,Masaryk University | Vojnikovic B.,Daily Eye Clinic Dr. Bozo Vojnikovic | Pahor D.,Teaching Institute of Public Health of Primorsko Goranska County
Collegium Antropologicum

It is well known that age-related macular degeneration (AMD), besides glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy, represents a major cause of low vision and blindness throughout the world. In this study, specific causal factors of AMD are analyzed, emphasizing the causal role and effects of sunlight, no matter which part of its spectrum, in a longer exposition through life. The accent is also put on the influence of lifestyle as well as vitamin and antioxidants supplementation in development or prevention of AMD. Source

Bakarcic D.,University of Rijeka | Jokic N.I.,University of Rijeka | Vranic D.N.,University of Zagreb | Majstorovic M.,University of Zagreb | And 2 more authors.
Paediatria Croatica

The purpose of this study was to investigate fluoride concentration in drinking water in the Primorje-Gorski Kotar County and to provide guidelines for teeth fluoridation in the area. Data on fluoride concentration in drinking water in Primorje-Gorski Kotar County were analyzed at Department of Environmental Health, Primorje-Gorski Kotar County Teaching Public Health Institute. Fluoride concentration in drinking water was measured by the ion chromatography technique. Public water supply in Primorje-Gorski Kotar County is organized through 9 particular water supply systems. A high percentage of 96% of the population are connected to the public water supply, which is considerably higher than the mean estimate of 74% for the country as a whole. The mean concentration of fluoride in the main Primorje-Gorski Kotar County water sources assessed for a 5-year period (2007-2011) was as follows: Rijeka 0.010 mg F-/L, Opatija 0.020 mg F-/L, Crikvenica-Novi Vinodolski 0.007 mg F-/L, Delnice 0.029 mg F-/L, Vrbovsko 0.038 mg F-/L, Čabar 0.031 mg F-/L, Krk 0.044 mg F-/L, Cres-Lošinj 0.054 mg F-/L, and Rab 0.090 mg F-/L. The Primorje-Gorski Kotar County public water supply systems do not include artificial fluoridation of drinking water. Fluoride concentration in drinking water was found to be low, ranging from the detected limit of <0.002 mg F-/L in Opatija to 0.220 mg F-/L in Rab, yielding the overall mean of 0.034 mg F-/L. In conclusion, considering the amount of fluorides in drinking water, teeth fluoridation can be safely accomplished by individually adjusted doses of other fluoride agents. Source

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