Teaching Institute of Public Health

Rijeka, Croatia

Teaching Institute of Public Health

Rijeka, Croatia

Time filter

Source Type

Alebic-Juretic A.,Teaching Institute of Public Health
International Journal of Remote Sensing | Year: 2012

The first evaluation of ozone concentration at four selected sampling sites is given: urban site 1, resort site 2, industrial ('fence line') site 3 and suburban site 4. The lowest ozone level was found at site 1, while the highest was obtained at the suburban site 4, as expected. All sites exhibit decline in ozone concentrations, the most pronounced at suburban site 4, while the concentration is almost constant at resort site 2. The concentration roses for site 3 and 4 agree with the prevailing wind directions, pointing to the coastal line, where the major pollution sources are detected. In spite of the dominant wind direction from the N-NW sector, the dominant sector in concentration rose is SW at site 1, while there is no distinct direction in the concentration rose at resort site 2. Due to different meteorological conditions, the AOT40 values differ considerably, e.g. several thousands in 2007 or up to 45 000 μg m-3 h in 2005. © 2012 Taylor & Francis.


Traven L.,University of Rijeka | Traven L.,Teaching Institute of Public Health | Furlan N.,Teaching Institute of Public Health | Cenov A.,Teaching Institute of Public Health
Marine Pollution Bulletin | Year: 2015

Historical trends (1998-2012) nickel (Ni), copper (Cu) and chromium (Cr) concentrations in marine sediments were assessed at four locations in the Northern Adriatic Sea (Croatia) in the proximity of an oil refinery. Ecological risks were characterized by benchmarking the dataset against Sediment Quality Guidelines (SQG). A significant number of samples had Ni values above ERL with no exceedance of the ERL values for Cu and Cr. Weak positive historical trends were found for only for Cu. At all sites there were statistically significant correlations between Ni and Cr indicating a common origin of these heavy metals in the investigated marine sediments. There were statistically significant differences between the sites under the direct influence of the oil refinery compared to the control site indicating the possibility that the oil refinery is contributing to the concentration of these heavy metals in the marine sediments. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


Micovic V.,Teaching Institute of Public Health | Alebic-Juretic A.,Teaching Institute of Public Health | Matkovic N.,Teaching Institute of Public Health | Crvelin G.,Teaching Institute of Public Health
Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju | Year: 2010

Dustfall measurements in Primorsko-goranska county started in 1975 in the Bakar Bay (Site 2 - Bakar and Site 3 - Kraljevica). The measurements were extended to the city of Rijeka (Site 1 - Rijeka) in 1982, to the nearby islands (Site 4 - Krk and Site 5 - Cres) in 1986, and inland to Gorski Kotar (Site 6 - Delnice and Site 7 - Lividraga) in 1995. This article brings the results of dustfall measurements from 1975 to 2008. Dustfall was low in the city, the nearby islands, and Gorski Kotar. Recommended and limit values were occasionally exceeded in the Bakar Bay due to emissions from the coke plant and harbour at Site 2 (1979-1997) and from the shipyard at Site 3. Lead content in the dustfall was below the national limits, save for two occasions at Site 2. Deposition of sulphur and nitrogen at the inland sites were below the respective critical load values.


Linsak Z.,Teaching Institute of Public Health | Linsak Z.,University of Rijeka | Linsak D.T.,Teaching Institute of Public Health | Spiric Z.,University of Rijeka | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to analyze and evaluate risks of long-term exposure to mercury in hares (Lepus europaeus Pallas), with a chemical-analytical approach evaluating median mass fraction of toxic mercury in the hares organs (liver, kidney, muscle and brain). To obtain better insight into possible effects of mercury, the study included screening of the oxidative status after long term exposure to low concentrations of mercury. Hares organs were analyzed for total mercury concentration by AAS. Glutathione and glutathione-dependent enzymes status was also investigated. The median mercury concentrations (wet weight) in the liver, kidney, muscle and brain of the hares ranged from 0.058-0.189, 0.138-0.406, 0.013-0.046 and 0.022-0.102 μg/g respectively. Concentration of the glutathione (GSH), glutathione-peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione-reductase (GR) activity increased with the mercury concentration. However, glutathione S-transferase (GST) and superoxide-dismutase (SOD) activity decreased with the mercury concentration. The results of this study show the impact of environmentally absorbed mercury on the antioxidant status of the examined hares. Further research on long-term exposure to low concentrations of mercury is needed. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


Fistonic I.,University of Split | Sorta Bilajac Turina I.,Teaching Institute of Public Health | Fistonic N.,University of Zagreb | Marton I.,University of Zagreb
Lasers in Surgery and Medicine | Year: 2016

Background and Objective To evaluate safety and efficacy of focused monopolar radio frequency (RF) device for non-invasive labia tissue tightening and improvement of labial laxity. Methods This prospective cohort study participants were 17 female subjects aged between 27 and 56 years with lax skin at the labia area. All subjects received four consecutive treatments at 7-day intervals with RF device (Exilis Protege IntimaR, BTL Industries Inc., Boston, MA). The primary efficacy outcome measure was defined as one or more point improvement on 1-4 scale for vulva appearance determined by three blinded evaluators. Digital photographs were taken at the baseline and 1 month after the last treatment. Sexual gratification was assessed with Female Sexual Functioning Index (FSFI) and patient discomfort by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Results An average 2.9 (of maximum 4) points improvement rate in vulvar appearance was observed (P < 0.01). Mean of the total FSFI score enhanced from initial 75-87% (P < 0.001). Resultant 4.7 (18%) points increase was achieved. Ninety four percent of subjects reported mild to none discomfort during the treatment. No adverse events during the study course were reported. Conclusion The present study demonstrates the positive effect of focused monopolar RF device for non-invasive labia tissue tightening. The treatment is effective and safe with high patient satisfaction. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Alebic-Juretic A.,Teaching Institute of Public Health
Marine Pollution Bulletin | Year: 2011

The first analyses of PAHs in marine sediments within Rijeka Bay started in 1998 at three sampling sites offshore from the petroleum refinery facilities and were extended in 1999 to three more sampling points in front of the repair shipyard within the same east industrial zone. The small Svezanj cove, lying between the shipyard and the petroleum refinery was chosen as the reference point. The concentrations of PAHs were considerably higher in the shipyard environment (average: 3009-6314μgkg-1 d.w.) in comparison to the petroleum refinery area (average: 279-919μgkg-1 d.w.), while the PAHs load at reference point was close to the latter level (average: 717μgkg-1 d.w.). The Phe/Anth and Flo/Py ratios indicate the dominant pyrogenic sources, except for the results from 1999 to 2000 with dominant petrogenic origin at some sites. A declining trend of total PAHs, and consequently toxicity indices was observed at all sites. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.


Peric L.,Ruder Boskovic Institute | Fafandel M.,Ruder Boskovic Institute | Glad M.,Teaching Institute of Public Health | Bihari N.,Ruder Boskovic Institute
Fresenius Environmental Bulletin | Year: 2012

Concentration of lead, cadmium, mercury, arsenic, copper, zinc, chromium, nickel, manganese and iron and metallothionein content were examined in resident and caged mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) at five sites along Rijeka Bay, a coastal ecosystem highly susceptible to urban and industrial pollution. Higher concentration of metals was found in resident mussels, with the highest level in comparison to control site Lim detected for lead, copper and chromium. Caged mussels from all sites displayed increasing level of metals with respect to control site Lim after one month of exposure. Significantly elevated metallothionein content was found in resident mussels at all sites except Kraljevica shipyard, and in caged mussels at sites Luka Rijeka harbour and urban area Bakar. PCA analysis revealed that mussels resident to urban area of river Rječina mouth, Rijeka harbour and Treći Maj shipyard were clearly separated from Kraljevica shipyard due to different pattern of metal bioaccumulation and metallothionein content. Resident mussels from urban area of Bakar and caged mussels were less influenced by metal load. © by PSP.


Spiric Z.,OIKON Ltd. | Stafilov T.,Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje | Vuckovic I.,Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje | Glad M.,Teaching Institute of Public Health
Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering | Year: 2014

During the summer and autumn of 2006 moss samples were collected from 98 sampling sites evenly distributed all over the territory of Croatia. Moss sampling was repeated in 2010 when additional sampling sites were added and a total of 121 samples were collected. Kjeldahl method was used to determine the nitrogen content in the samples. Descriptive statistics and distribution maps were prepared. Data obtained from these two surveys were compared, and additional comparison was done with data obtained from similar studies in neighbouring countries and Finland as a clean area. The median value of N content in the samples collected in 2006 is 1.60% and varies from 0.79% to 3.16%. The content of N in samples collected in 2010 ranges between 0.71% and 2.93% with the median value of 1.49%. High contents of N (2.32% - 3.17%) were found in the regions of Slavonia, Podravina, Posavina and cities Zagreb and Sisak as a result of agricultural activities, industry and traffic. Copyright © 2014 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Manestar D.,University of Rijeka | Ticac R.,University of Rijeka | Maricic S.,University of Rijeka | Malvic G.,University of Rijeka | And 4 more authors.
Clinical Otolaryngology | Year: 2012

Objectives: To determine minimum airflow rate required for olfactory stimulation in successfully rehabilitated laryngectomised patients after learning the polite yawning technique (PYT) and to confirm the hypothesis that sense of smell is rehabilitated once the nasal airflow is re-established. Design: Prospective open interventional trial. Setting: Tertiary academic hospital. Participants: The study population comprised 100 laryngectomised patients. The control group consisted of 100 non-laryngectomised patients of similar age and sex. Rhinomanometry was used to measure air flow in the right and left nostrils, respectively, while the Smell Diskettes Olfaction test (SDOT) was used to test each individual's sense of smell. Main outcome measures: The primary endpoint was increasing the airflow, while the secondary endpoint was improvement in the Smell Diskettes Olfaction test score after learning the polite yawning technique. Results: The difference in the Smell Diskettes Olfaction test results before and after introducing the polite yawning technique was statistically significant (F=53.077; P<0.001). The number of accurately identified odours increased with each measurement. There was a significant difference among rhinomanometric measurements of airflow through the right (F=65.002; P<0.001) and left nostrils (F=75.465; P<0.001). Nasal airflow improved with each measurement. The minimum airflow required for olfactory stimulation in successfully rehabilitated patients was approximately 60cm 3/s. The control group had considerably better airflow in both nostrils than the laryngectomised group. The difference between the total number of rehabilitated (normosmic) patients (48%) in the laringectomised group and normosmic participants (56%) in the control group (z=1.132; P=0.129) was not statistically significant. Conclusion: The number of odours identified by laryngectomised patients increased with the volume of nasal airflow. The number of patients with rehabilitated olfactory function approximated the percentage of normosmic individuals in the non-laryngectomised population. These findings confirm the hypothesis that sense of smell is rehabilitated once the nasal airflow is re-established. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


PubMed | University of Split, University of Zagreb and Teaching Institute of Public Health
Type: Clinical Trial | Journal: Lasers in surgery and medicine | Year: 2016

To evaluate safety and efficacy of focused monopolar radio frequency (RF) device for non-invasive labia tissue tightening and improvement of labial laxity.This prospective cohort study participants were 17 female subjects aged between 27 and 56 years with lax skin at the labia area. All subjects received four consecutive treatments at 7-day intervals with RF device (Exilis Protege IntimaR, BTL Industries Inc., Boston, MA). The primary efficacy outcome measure was defined as one or more point improvement on 1-4 scale for vulva appearance determined by three blinded evaluators. Digital photographs were taken at the baseline and 1 month after the last treatment. Sexual gratification was assessed with Female Sexual Functioning Index (FSFI) and patient discomfort by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS).An average 2.9 (of maximum 4) points improvement rate in vulvar appearance was observed (P<0.01). Mean of the total FSFI score enhanced from initial 75-87% (P<0.001). Resultant 4.7 (18%) points increase was achieved. Ninety four percent of subjects reported mild to none discomfort during the treatment. No adverse events during the study course were reported.The present study demonstrates the positive effect of focused monopolar RF device for non-invasive labia tissue tightening. The treatment is effective and safe with high patient satisfaction.

Loading Teaching Institute of Public Health collaborators
Loading Teaching Institute of Public Health collaborators