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Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France

Dumas G.,Medical Intensive Care Unit | Geri G.,Medical Intensive Care Unit | Chemam S.,Medical Intensive Care Unit | Dangers L.,Service de Reanimation medicale | And 14 more authors.
Chest | Year: 2015

Background: Patients with systemic rheumatic diseases (SRDs) may require ICU management for SRD exacerbation or treatment-related infections or toxicities. Methods: This was an observational study at 10 university-affiliated ICUs in France. Consecutive patients with SRDs were included. Determinants of ICU mortality were identified through multivariable logistic analysis. Results: Three hundred sixty-three patients (65.3% women; median age, 59 years [interquartile range, 42-70 years]) accounted for 381 admissions. Connective tissue disease (primarily systemic lupus erythematosus) accounted for 66.1% of SRDs and systemic vasculitides for 26.2% (chiefly antineutrophil cytoplasm antibodies-associated vasculitides). SRDs were newly diagnosed in 43 cases (11.3%). Direct admission to the ICU occurred in 143 cases (37.9%). Reasons for ICU admissions were infection (39.9%), SRD exacerbation (34.4%), toxicity (5.8%), or miscellaneous (19.9%). Respiratory involvement was the leading cause of admission (56.8%), followed by shock (41.5%) and acute kidney injury (42.2%). Median Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score on day 1 was 5 (3-8). Mechanical ventilation was required in =7% of cases, vasopressors in 33.9%, and renal replacement therapy in 28.1%. ICU mortality rate was 21.0% (80 deaths). Factors associated with ICU mortality were shock (OR, 3.77; 95% CI, 1.93-7.36), SOFA score at day 1 (OR, 1.19; 95% CI, 1.10-1.30), and direct admission (OR, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.28-0.97). Neither comorbidities nor SRD characteristics were associated with survival. Conclusions: In patients with SRDs, critical care management is mostly needed only in patients with a previously known SRD; however, diagnosis can be made in the ICU for 12% of patients. Infection and SRD exacerbation account for more than two-thirds of these situations, both targeting chiefly the lungs. Direct admission to the ICU may improve outcomes. © 2015 American College of Chest Physicians.

Bouvattier C.,University Paris - Sud | Esterle L.,University Paris - Sud | Renoult-Pierre P.,Tours Hospital | De La Perriere A.B.,University of Lyon | And 25 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2015

Context: Outcomes of congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to classic 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21OHD) have been widely studied in children and women, but less so in men. Objective: The objective was to analyze data from a network of metropolitan French teaching hospitals on the clinical outcome of classic 21OHD in a large sample of congenital adrenal hyperplasia/21OHD-genotyped adult men, and particularly the impact of 21OHD on the gonadotrope axis, testicular function, and fertility. Methods: From April 2011 to June 2014, tertiary endocrinology departments provided data for 219 men with 21OHD (ages, 18-70 y; 73.6% salt wasters, 26.4% simple virilizers). Testicular sonography was performed in 164 men, and sperm analysis was performed in 71 men. Results: Mean final height was 7.8 cm lower than in a reference population. Obesity was more common, and mean blood pressure was lower than in the reference population. None of the patients were diabetic, and lipid status was generally normal. Blood electrolyte status was normal in the vast majority of men, despite markedly elevated ACTH and renin levels. Serum progesterone, 17-hydroxyprogesterone, and androstenedione levels were above normal in the vast majority of cases. Hormonal profiling variously showed a normal gonadotrope-testicular axis, gonadotropin deficiency, or primary testicular insufficiency. Testicular sonography revealed testicular adrenal rest tumors (TARTs) in 34% of 164 men. Serum inhibin B and FSH levels were significantly lower and higher, respectively, in patients with TARTs. Severe oligospermia or azoospermia was found in 42% of patients and was significantly more prevalent in men with TARTs (70%) than in men with normal testes (3.6%; P < .0001). Among men living with female partners, TARTs were significantly more prevalent in those who had not fathered children. Conclusion: We report the spectrum of testicular/gonadotrope axis impairment in the largest cohort of 21OHD men studied to date. Our results suggest that French men with 21OHD managed in specialized centers frequently have impaired exocrine testicular function but that its reproductive implications are often overlooked. Copyright © 2015 by the Endocrine Society.

Lemiale V.,Saint Louis Teaching Hospital | Mokart D.,Institute Paoli Calmettes | Mayaux J.,Saint Louis Teaching Hospital | Lambert J.,Pitie Salpetriere Teaching Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Critical Care | Year: 2015

Introduction: In immunocompromised patients, acute respiratory failure (ARF) is associated with high mortality, particularly when invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) is required. In patients with severe hypoxemia, high-flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) therapy has been used as an alternative to delivery of oxygen via a Venturi mask. Our objective in the present study was to compare HFNO and Venturi mask oxygen in immunocompromised patients with ARF. Methods: We conducted a multicenter, parallel-group randomized controlled trial in four intensive care units. Inclusion criteria were hypoxemic ARF and immunosuppression, defined as at least one of the following: solid or hematological malignancy, steroid or other immunosuppressant drug therapy, and HIV infection. Exclusion criteria were hypercapnia, previous IMV, and immediate need for IMV or noninvasive ventilation (NIV). Patients were randomized to 2 h of HFNO or Venturi mask oxygen. Results: The primary endpoint was a need for IMV or NIV during the 2-h oxygen therapy period. Secondary endpoints were comfort, dyspnea, and thirst, as assessed hourly using a 0-10 visual analogue scale. We randomized 100 consecutive patients, including 84 with malignancies, to HFNO (n = 52) or Venturi mask oxygen (n = 48). During the 2-h study treatment period, 12 patients required IMV or NIV, and we found no significant difference between the two groups (15 % with HFNO and 8 % with the Venturi mask, P = 0.36). None of the secondary endpoints differed significantly between the two groups. Conclusions: In immunocompromised patients with hypoxemic ARF, a 2-h trial with HFNO improved neither mechanical ventilatory assistance nor patient comfort compared with oxygen delivered via a Venturi mask. However, the study was underpowered because of the low event rate and the one-sided hypothesis. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02424773. Registered 20 April 2015. © 2015 Lemiale et al.

Mabit C.,Dupuytren Teaching Hospital | Tourne Y.,Republique Surgery Group | Besse J.-L.,University of Lyon | Bonnel F.,Anatomy Laboratory | And 6 more authors.
Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research | Year: 2010

The present study sought to assess the clinical and radiological results and long-term joint impact of different techniques of lateral ankle ligament reconstruction. Material and methods: A multicenter retrospective review was performed on 310 lateral ankle ligament reconstructions, with a mean 13-year-follow-up (minimum FU: 5 years). Male subjects (53%) and sports trauma (78%) predominated. Mean duration of instability was 92 months; mean age at surgery was 28 years. Twenty-eight percent of cases showed subtalar joint involvement. Four classes of surgical technique were distinguished: C1, direct capsular ligamentous complex reattachment; C2, augmented repair; C3, ligamentoplasty using part of the peroneus brevis tendon and C4, ligamentoplasty using the whole peroneus brevis tendon. Clinical and functional assessment used Karlsson and Good-Jones-Livingstone scores; radiologic assessment combined centered AP and lateral views, hindfoot weight-bearing Méary views and dynamic views (manual technique, Telos® or self-imposed varus). Results: The majority of results (92%) were satisfactory. The mean Karlsson score of 90 [19-100] (i.e., 87% good and very good results) correlated with the subjective assessment, and did not evolve over time. Postoperative complications (20%), particularly when neurologic, were associated with poorer results. Control X-ray confirmed the very minor progression in degenerative changes, with improved stability; there was, however, no correlation between functional result and residual laxity on X-ray. Unstable and painful ankles showed poorer clinical results and more secondary osteoarthritis. Analysis by class of technique found poorer results in C4-type plasties and poorer control of laxity on X-ray in C1-type tension restoration. Discussion: The present results confirm the interest of lateral ankle ligamentoplasty in the management of instability and protection against secondary osteoarthritis, and of precise lesion assessment (CT-scan/MRI) to adapt surgery to the ligamentary and associated lesions. Level of evidence: Level IV. Retrospective therapeutic study. © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Funck-Brentano T.,Pitie Salpetriere Teaching Hospital | Gandjbakhch F.,Pitie Salpetriere Teaching Hospital | Etchepare F.,Pitie Salpetriere Teaching Hospital | Jousse-Joulin S.,Brest Teaching Hospital | And 9 more authors.
Arthritis Care and Research | Year: 2013

Objective: To assess the ability of ultrasonography (US) to predict radiographic damage in early arthritis. Methods: ESPOIR is a multicentric cohort of early arthritis (i.e., ≥2 swollen joints between 6 weeks and 6 months). US synovitis in B mode, power Doppler (PD) mode, and erosions were searched on the second through the fifth metacarpophalangeal and fifth metatarsophalangeal joints according to Outcome Measures in Rheumatology definitions. Structural radiographic progression was assessed using the modified Sharp/van der Heijde erosion score (SHS) at baseline and 1 and 2 years. Predictive factors of erosive arthritis at 2 years and rapid radiographic progression (RRP) at 1 year (defined by change of SHS ≥5) were searched. Results: A total of 127 patients were included, with a mean ± SD Disease Activity Score in 28 joints of 5.1 ± 1.3; 37.6% were anti-citrullinated protein antibody positive and 27.6% had typical rheumatoid arthritis (RA) erosions on radiographs. At 2 years, 42 patients (39.2%) had typical RA erosions. US erosions predicted radiographic evidence of erosive arthritis (odds ratio [OR] 1.44, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.04-1.98). PD synovitis score was predictive of RRP at 1 year (OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.04-1.42). US erosions and PD synovitis scores were associated with change of SHS on linear regression. Of the 1,184 analyzed joints, 105 (8.9%) had radiographic erosion at 1 year. At the joint level, baseline US erosions were predictive of the presence of radiographic erosions at 1 year (P < 0.001). The same trend was observed in the joints without radiographic erosions at baseline (P = 0.052). Conclusion: US is useful to evaluate the potential severity of early arthritis: US erosions and PD-positive synovitis have prognostic value to predict future radiographic damage. Copyright © 2013 by the American College of Rheumatology.

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