Rajapaksha D.,Sri Lanka Atomic Energy Board Wellampitiya Sri Lanka |
Waduge V.,Sri Lanka Atomic Energy Board Wellampitiya Sri Lanka |
Padilla-Alvarez R.,International Atomic Energy Agency |
Kalpage M.,Sri Lanka Atomic Energy Board Wellampitiya Sri Lanka |
And 6 more authors.
X-Ray Spectrometry | Year: 2017
Food fraud is a concern for the producers of high-quality food products as it causes brand damage and loss of profit. Tea (Camellia sinensis L.) is one of the major agricultural products of Sri Lanka and accounts for more than 300 million of kilograms per year, roughly 2% of the national GDP. Trace metals and stable isotope ratios in tea samples originating from various regions in Sri Lanka were determined by using X-ray fluorescence analysis and isotope-ratio mass spectrometry to explore the possibility of classifying the tea according to its origin. In total, 13 elements (Mg, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Br, Rb and Sr) were determined in 58 tea samples originating from four production districts in Sri Lanka (Hantana, Thalawakelle, Passara and Ratnapura). Two multivariate analysis techniques, namely principal component analysis and canonical discriminant analysis, were applied to explore the differences in elemental contents among the tea produced in these regions and to find a method for compositional classification. This study, although limited by the number of samples available, clearly shows that the differentiation and classification of tea samples according to the four regions of origin is possible by using the elemental contents and applying canonical discriminant analysis. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.