Choshali A.H.,Islamic Azad University at Tehran |
Seraji A.,Iranian Tea Research Institute |
Rezaee S.,Islamic Azad University at Tehran |
Shirinfekr A.,Iranian Tea Research Institute
Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection | Year: 2013
Tea root lesion nematode, Pratylenchus loosi, is one of the most important crop pests in Iran, which causes loss in quantity and quality of tea. This study was carried out to identify the relationship between soil pH and population level of P. loosi. One hundred and eighty-three soil and root samples were taken randomly from all of the tea plantations in Iran. The nematodes were extracted from root samples with Coolen and d'Herd methods and from soil samples by sieving and centrifugation. Soil pH was measured by two methods: 1:1 dilution of soil:deionised water and 1:1 dilution of soil:dilute calcium chloride 0.01 M (Cacl2) solution. Range of mean population of P. loosi per gram of root was 0.66-884 and per 100 g of soil was 1-186 in all samples. The highest population of P. loosi was observed at pH 3.5-4.5 as if 71.33% of infested samples were observed at soil pH 3.5-4.5. The results of regression analyses showed that at pH ranges between 3.5 and 4.5, there is a correlation (P ≤ 0.05) between soil pH and mean population of nematode per gram of feeder roots. This study demonstrated that the population density and damage potential of this nematode likely increases at pH < 4.5. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.