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Baines J.,Taylor Baines and Associates | Baker J.,Palmerston North City Council | Brophy L.,Massey University | Rielly A.,Massey University | And 2 more authors.
Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal | Year: 2012

Pressure is mounting to build increasing numbers of wind farms in order to increase the proportion of electricity that is generated from renewable sources. Despite high levels of public support in principle, noise and visual effects frequently lead to strong NIMBY responses in the immediate locality of a proposed wind farm. Furthermore, the benefits and costs of wind farms tend to fall unevenly in the host community. Social impact assessments (SIAs) have for a long time been hampered by the lack of useful empirical data, particularly reflecting the ex-post experience of wind farm neighbours. This paper describes an ex-post survey of several hundred households living within 5 km of three operating wind farms carried out as an integral part of an SIA. Results relating to rural residents were subject to statistical significance analysis. The implications of the results of this kind of SIA work for future wind farm proposals are discussed, including the need for more ex-post investigations of actual experience. © 2012 Copyright IAIA. Source


Taylor C.N.,Taylor Baines and Associates | Mackay M.,Lincoln University at Christchurch
Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal | Year: 2016

There is mounting concern in New Zealand and worldwide about the impacts of current and projected land-use activities on freshwater quality. In 2011, the New Zealand government effected the National Policy Statement for Freshwater Management, requiring all regional councils to establish freshwater nutrient loads and water allocation measures in their land and water regional plans. These ‘limits’ must achieve locally defined social, economic and cultural outcomes while, as a minimum, halting any decline in water quality. The authors have participated in the Canterbury region’s strategic land and water planning activities. This has involved strategically assessing the social impacts of ‘limit options’ on aspects of catchment life and then integrating them into official reports and community deliberations, which ultimately inform the development of rules for catchment land use. This paper highlights practice issues which were confronted in the process and how they were managed. © 2016 IAIA Source


Vanclay F.,University of Groningen | Baines J.T.,Taylor Baines and Associates | Taylor C.N.,Taylor Baines and Associates
Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal | Year: 2013

Drawing on various national statements on the ethical conduct of research, the codes of ethics of professional associations and international agencies, and ethical guidelines in social research methods textbooks, this paper identifies current principles for ethical research involving humans and discusses their implications for impact assessment practice generally and social impact assessment specifically. The identified ethical principles include: respect for participants, informed consent, specific permission required for audio or video recording, voluntary participation and no coercion, participant right to withdraw, full disclosure of funding sources, no harm to participants, avoidance of undue intrusion, no use of deception, the presumption and preservation of anonymity, participant right to check and modify a transcript, confidentiality of personal matters, data protection, enabling participation, ethical governance, provision of grievance procedures, appropriateness of research methodology, and full reporting of methods. Topics such as a conflict of interest, moral hazard and duty of care are also considered. Also discussed are Indigenous peoples' rights and their implications for ethical impact assessment processes. © 2013 IAIA. Source


Baines J.T.,Taylor Baines and Associates | Taylor C.N.,Taylor Baines and Associates | Vanclay F.,University of Groningen
Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal | Year: 2013

This paper considers a range of ethical issues in social impact assessment (SIA) providing a commentary from a professional practice perspective. Drawing on its companion paper (Vanclay et al. 2013 Principles for ethical research involving humans: Ethical professional practice in impact assessment Part I. Impact Assess Proj Appraisal, 31(4):243-253), the 18 principles of ethical research are discussed as they pertain to SIA practice. While the ethical principles are highly relevant and align well with good practice SIA, there will be situations where the specific requirements suggested by the principles need to be carefully thought through by practitioners. Although making some general conclusions, the paper's main purpose is to stimulate further debate about ethical issues within the impact assessment profession. Key recommendations that emerge for SIA practice include the need for SIA practitioners to use information sheets routinely, and to increase the use of signed consent forms. It is also recommended that the International Association for Impact Assessment provide a service to allow practitioners to gain ethical approval for their projects in non-routine cases. © 2013 IAIA. Source

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