Utrecht, Netherlands
Utrecht, Netherlands

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Andringa T.C.,University of Groningen | Weber M.,DCMR | Weber M.,University Utrecht | Payne S.R.,University of Warwick | And 5 more authors.
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America | Year: 2013

This paper is an outcome of a workshop that addressed the question how soundscape research can improve its impact on the local level. It addresses a number of topics by complementing existing approaches and practices with possible future approaches and practices. The paper starts with an analysis of the role of sound annoyance and suboptimal soundscapes on the lives of individuals and concludes that a good soundscape, or more generally a good sensescape, is at the same time pleasant as well as conducive for the adoption of healthy habits. To maintain or improve sensescape quality, urban planning needs improved design tools that allow for a more holistic optimization and an active role of the local stakeholders. Associated with this is a gradual development from government to governance in which optimization of the soundscape at a local (administrative or geographic) level is directly influenced by the users of spaces. The paper concludes that soundscape research can have a greater impact by helping urban planners design for health and pleasant experiences as well as developing tools for improved citizen involvement in local optimization. © 2013 Acoustical Society of America.


Breve N.W.P.,Sportvisserij Nederland | Buijse A.D.,Deltares | Kroes M.J.,Tauw bv | Wanningen H.,Wanningen Water Consult | Vriese F.T.,ATKB
Science of the Total Environment | Year: 2014

Preservation and restoration of Europe's endangered migratory fish species and habitats are high on the international river basin policy agenda. Improvement through restoration of longitudinal connectivity is seen as an important measure, but although prioritization of in-stream barriers has been addressed at local and regional levels the process still lacks adequate priority on the international level. This paper introduces a well-tested method, designed to help decision makers achieve the rehabilitation of targeted ichthyofauna more successfully. This method assesses artificial barriers within waters designated under the Water Framework Directive (WFD), Europe's main legislative driver for ecological improvement of river basins. The method aggregates migratory fish communities (both diadromous and potamodromous) into functional biological units (ecological fish guilds) and defines their most pressing habitat requirements. Using GIS mapping and spatial analysis of the potential ranges (fish zonation) we pin-point the most important barriers, per guild. This method was developed and deployed over a 12. year period as a practical case study, fitting data derived from the 36 regional water management organisations in the Netherlands. We delivered national advice on the prioritization of a total of 2924 barriers located within WFD water bodies, facilitating migration for all 18 indigenous migratory fish species. Scaling up to larger geographical areas can be achieved using datasets from other countries to link water body typologies to distribution ranges of migratory fish species. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.


Oosterkamp M.J.,Wageningen University | Oosterkamp M.J.,University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign | Veuskens T.,Wageningen University | Talarico Saia F.,Wageningen University | And 24 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

The genomes of the Betaproteobacteria Alicycliphilus denitrificans strains BC and K601T have been sequenced to get insight into the physiology of the two strains. Strain BC degrades benzene with chlorate as electron acceptor. The cyclohexanol-degrading denitrifying strain K601T is not able to use chlorate as electron acceptor, while strain BC cannot degrade cyclohexanol. The 16S rRNA sequences of strains BC and K601T are identical and the fatty acid methyl ester patterns of the strains are similar. Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST) analysis of predicted open reading frames of both strains showed most hits with Acidovorax sp. JS42, a bacterium that degrades nitro-aromatics. The genomes include strain-specific plasmids (pAlide201 in strain K601T and pAlide01 and pAlide02 in strain BC). Key genes of chlorate reduction in strain BC were located on a 120 kb megaplasmid (pAlide01), which was absent in strain K601T. Genes involved in cyclohexanol degradation were only found in strain K601T. Benzene and toluene are degraded via oxygenase-mediated pathways in both strains. Genes involved in the meta-cleavage pathway of catechol are present in the genomes of both strains. Strain BC also contains all genes of the ortho-cleavage pathway. The large number of mono- and dioxygenase genes in the genomes suggests that the two strains have a broader substrate range than known thus far. © 2013 Oosterkamp et al.


Langenhoff A.A.M.,Deltares | Langenhoff A.A.M.,Wageningen University | Staps S.J.M.,Deltares | Staps S.J.M.,Louis Bolk Institute | And 3 more authors.
Environmental Science and Technology | Year: 2013

The feasibility of a bioscreen for the in situ biodegradation of HCH and its intermediates is demonstrated at a contaminated site in The Netherlands, via the discontinuous addition of methanol as electron donor. An infiltration system was installed and operated at the site over a length of 150 m and a depth of 8 m, to create an anaerobic infiltration zone in which HCH is converted. The construction of the infiltration system was combined with the redevelopment of the site. During passage through the bioscreen, the concentration of HCH in the groundwater decreased from 600 μg/L to the detection limit of the individual HCH isomers (0.01 μg/L) after one year of operation. The concentration of the intermediate biodegradation products benzene and chlorobenzene increased and achieved steady state values of respectively 800 and 2700 μg/L. Benzene and chlorobenzene were treated aerobically on site in an existing wastewater treatment plant. By changing the infiltration regime, it is conclusively shown that HCH removal is the result of the biological degradation and stimulated by the addition of methanol as electron donor. To our knowledge, this is the first successful field demonstration of the stimulated transformation of HCH to intermediates in a full scale anaerobic in situ bioscreen, combined with an aerobic on site treatment to harmless end products. © 2013 American Chemical Society.


Pieterse B.,BioDetection Systems B.V. | Rijk I.J.C.,WitteveenBos Consulting Engineers B.V. | Simon E.,BioDetection Systems B.V. | van Vugt-Lussenburg B.M.A.,BioDetection Systems B.V. | And 5 more authors.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2015

A combined chemical and biological analysis of samples from a major obsolete pesticide and persistent organic pollutant (POP) dumpsite in Northern Tajikistan was carried out. The chemical analytical screening focused on a range of prioritized compounds and compounds known to be present locally. Since chemical analytics does not allow measurements of hazards in complex mixtures, we tested the use of a novel effect-based approach using a panel of quantitative high-throughput CALUX reporter assays measuring distinct biological effects relevant in hazard assessment. Assays were included for assessing effects related to estrogen, androgen, and progestin signaling, aryl hydrocarbon receptor-mediated signaling, AP1 signaling, genotoxicity, oxidative stress, chemical hypoxia, and ER stress. With this panel of assays, we first quantified the biological activities of the individual chemicals measured in chemical analytics. Next, we calculated the expected sum activity by these chemicals in the samples of the pesticide dump site and compared the results with the measured CALUX bioactivity of the total extracts of these samples. The results showed that particularly endocrine disruption-related effects were common among the samples. This was consistent with the toxicological profiles of the individual chemicals that dominated these samples. However, large discrepancies between chemical and biological analysis were found in a sample from a burn place present in this site, with biological activities that could not be explained by chemical analysis. This is likely to be caused by toxic combustion products or by spills of compounds that were not targeted in the chemical analysis. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


PubMed | Tauw B.V., WitteveenBos Consulting Engineers B.V., BioDetection Systems B.V. and POPs Environmental Consulting
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Environmental science and pollution research international | Year: 2015

A combined chemical and biological analysis of samples from a major obsolete pesticide and persistent organic pollutant (POP) dumpsite in Northern Tajikistan was carried out. The chemical analytical screening focused on a range of prioritized compounds and compounds known to be present locally. Since chemical analytics does not allow measurements of hazards in complex mixtures, we tested the use of a novel effect-based approach using a panel of quantitative high-throughput CALUX reporter assays measuring distinct biological effects relevant in hazard assessment. Assays were included for assessing effects related to estrogen, androgen, and progestin signaling, aryl hydrocarbon receptor-mediated signaling, AP1 signaling, genotoxicity, oxidative stress, chemical hypoxia, and ER stress. With this panel of assays, we first quantified the biological activities of the individual chemicals measured in chemical analytics. Next, we calculated the expected sum activity by these chemicals in the samples of the pesticide dump site and compared the results with the measured CALUX bioactivity of the total extracts of these samples. The results showed that particularly endocrine disruption-related effects were common among the samples. This was consistent with the toxicological profiles of the individual chemicals that dominated these samples. However, large discrepancies between chemical and biological analysis were found in a sample from a burn place present in this site, with biological activities that could not be explained by chemical analysis. This is likely to be caused by toxic combustion products or by spills of compounds that were not targeted in the chemical analysis.


Weelink S.A.B.,Wageningen University | Weelink S.A.B.,Tauw bv | van Eekert M.H.A.,Lettinga Associates Foundation | Stams A.J.M.,Wageningen University
Reviews in Environmental Science and Biotechnology | Year: 2010

Pollution of the environment with aromatic hydrocarbons, such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (so-called BTEX) is often observed. The cleanup of these toxic compounds has gained much attention in the last decades. In situ bioremediation of aromatic hydrocarbons contaminated soils and groundwater by naturally occurring microorganisms or microorganisms that are introduced is possible. Anaerobic bioremediation is an attractive technology as these compounds are often present in the anoxic zones of the environment. The bottleneck in the application of anaerobic techniques is the lack of knowledge about the anaerobic biodegradation of benzene and the bacteria involved in anaerobic benzene degradation. Here, we review the existing knowledge on the degradation of benzene and other aromatic hydrocarbons by anaerobic bacteria, in particular the physiology and application, including results on the (per)chlorate stimulated degradation of these compounds, which is an interesting new alternative option for bioremediation. © 2010 The Author(s).


Hoorens B.,VU University Amsterdam | Hoorens B.,Tauw bv | Stroetenga M.,VU University Amsterdam | Aerts R.,VU University Amsterdam
Ecosystems | Year: 2010

It is very difficult to estimate litter decomposition rates in natural ecosystems because litters of many species are mixed and idiosyncratic interactions occur among those litters. A way to tackle this problem is to investigate litter mixing effects not at the species level but at the level of Plant Functional Types (PFTs). We tested the hypothesis that at the PFT level positive and negative interactions balance each other, causing an overall additive effect (no significant interactions among PFTs). Thereto, we used litter of four PFTs from a temperate peatland in which random draws were taken from the litter species pool of each PFT for every combination of 2, 3, and 4 PFTs. Decomposition rates clearly differed among the 4 PFTs (Sphagnum spp. < graminoids = N-fixing tree < forbs) and showed little variation within the PFTs (notably for the Sphagnum mosses and the graminoids). Significant positive interactions (4 out of 11) in the PFT mixtures were only found after 20 weeks and in all these combinations Sphagnum was involved. After 36 and 56 weeks of incubation interactions were not significantly different from zero. However, standard deviations were larger than the means, indicating that positive and negative interactions balanced each other. Thus, when litter mixture interactions are considered at the PFT level the interactions are additive. From this we conclude that for estimating litter decomposition rates at the ecosystem level, it is sufficient to use the weighted (by litter production) average decomposition rates of the contributing PFTs. © 2009 The Author(s).


Van Dijk E.,University of Amsterdam | Van Der Meulen J.,University of Amsterdam | Van Der Meulen J.,Grontmij Nederland B.V | Kluck J.,University of Amsterdam | And 2 more authors.
Water Science and Technology | Year: 2014

Short peak rainfall intensities cause sewer systems to overflow leading to flooding of streets and houses. Due to climate change and densification of urban areas, this is expected to occur more often in the future. Hence, next to their minor (i.e. sewer) system, municipalities have to analyse their major (i.e. surface) system in order to anticipate urban flooding during extreme rainfall. Urban flood modelling techniques are powerful tools in both public and internal communications and transparently support design processes. To provide more insight into the (im)possibilities of different urban flood modelling techniques, simulation results have been compared for an extreme rainfall event. The results show that, although modelling software is tending to evolve towards coupled one-dimensional (1D)-two-dimensional (2D) simulation models, surface flow models, using an accurate digital elevation model, prove to be an easy and fast alternative to identify vulnerable locations in hilly and flat areas. In areas at the transition between hilly and flat, however, coupled 1D-2D simulation models give better results since catchments of major and minor systems can differ strongly in these areas. During the decision making process, surface flow models can provide a first insight that can be complemented with complex simulation models for critical locations. © IWA Publishing 2014.


The invention relates to a process for the treatment of solid alkaline residue comprising calcium, heavy metals and sulphate, the process comprising: a)reacting the solid alkaline residue with carbon dioxide by contacting the solid alkaline residue with a carbon dioxide containing gas to obtain carbonated solid material; and c)washing the carbonated solid material with an aqueous stream to obtain washed solid material and wash water comprising calcium and sulphate and precipitating at least part of the calcium in the wash water as calcium carbonate.

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