Tata Energy Research Institute

Delhi, India

The Energy and Resources Institute, commonly known as TERI , established in 1974, is a research institute based in New Delhi focusing its research activities in the fields of energy, environment and sustainable development. According to Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program at the International Relations Program, University of Pennsylvania, TERI was ranked 20 in the list of top global think tanks on environment and 16 in top global think tanks on science and technology. Wikipedia.

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Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENV.2007. | Award Amount: 1.23M | Year: 2009

The general inadequate, when existing, methods of collection and disposal of solid waste in most Asian cities are causing important environmental and social harms, as human diseases spreading, environmental pollution and ground and water pollution. In order to raise awareness, promote an adequate waste collection and treatment system and the economic growth of this activity sector in a technological efficient and sustainable way, new waste management systems must be established, which also take into account the informal sector. This integrated approach should comprise technical, environmental, legal, socio-economic and financial aspects, involving the key actors at different levels to ensure an effective implementation. The proposed project aims to bring together experts and stakeholders in the field of solid waste management in Asian developing countries and Europe. The project will promote international cooperation between research organisations, universities, and social and governmental stakeholders in a European and Asian context (local waste processors, local municipalities and policy makers, local NGOs representatives, etc). A solid waste management expert and research co-ordination platform, and an expertise network, will be established in order to co-ordinate, assess and guide suitable research and strategic activities with the aim of identifying aspects like cost-effective treatment and sorting technologies, environmental impacts, gaps in technical knowledge and socio-economic and policy barriers to further execution. The network will also propose directions for futures research and for local implementation. The general aim of the proposed network will be to develop a variety of innovative, adaptable and replicable approaches to a more efficient solid waste management, integrating appropriate low-cost and efficient technologies with community-based management and their relevant governance, institutional frameworks and socio-economic constraints.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2011.3.4-01 | Award Amount: 3.88M | Year: 2012

The focus of APROPOS is to develop novel eco-efficient bio-mechanical processing solutions to enrich intermediate fractions from industrial high protein and oil-containing process residues originating from agriculture and fisheries. Enzyme-aided modification steps are developed for the intermediate fractions to obtain value-added nutritive and bio-active components, chemical as well as functional bio-materials suitable for exploitation in food, skin care, wound healing, bio-pesticide and soil improvement product applications. Mentioned residues are voluminous in Europe and globally significant. Zero waste concepts to be developed aim at avoidance of unnecessary purification of the components, establishment of local and distributed processing units in connection with the primary production and new business opportunities essentially for SMEs in Europe and beyond. An emphasis is directed to East Africa and India to support their needs to process local residues to components directed to nourish infants and fight against pests, respectively, in rural areas of both regions. The success of technological developments will be assessed in terms of economical feasibility, raw material efficiency and environmental impacts. The assessment will also include study on how the developed residue producer-end use value chain will affect the existing value chain from the residue producer to feed or energy. The multidisciplinary research group and cross-industrial SME group together cover the whole value chain from residue producers and processors to various end-users. The expertises of the partners include crop and fish processing, process hard ware manufacture, mechanical, chemical and biotechnical biomaterial processing, biomaterial up-grading and analytics, enzyme technology, end-product applications, assessment of eco-efficiency and value chains, technology transfer and commercialization. Feasibility of the developed processes is verified by demonstrations. Bio-mechanical processi

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-SICA | Phase: ENV.2008. | Award Amount: 4.29M | Year: 2009

The hydrological system of Northern India is based on two main phenomena, the monsoon precipitation in summer and the growth and melt of the snow and ice cover in the Himalaya, also called the Water Tower of Asia. However, climate change is expected to change these phenomena and it will have a profound impact on snow cover, glaciers and its related hydrology, water resources and the agricultural economy on the Indian peninsula (Singh and Kumar, 1996, Divya and Mehrotra, 1995). It is a great challenge to integrate the spatial and temporal glacier retreat and snowmelt and changed monsoon pattern in weather prediction models under different climate scenarios. Furthermore, the output of these models will have an effect on the input of the hydrological models. The retreat of glaciers and a possible change in monsoon precipitation and pattern will have a great impact on the temporal and spatial availability of water resources in Northern India. Besides climate change, socio-economic development will also have an influence on the use of water resources, the agricultural economy and the adaptive capacity. Socio-economic development determines the level of adaptive capacity. It is a challenge to find appropriate adaptation strategies with stakeholders for each of the sectors agriculture, energy, health and water supply by assessing the impact outputs of the hydrological and socio-economical models. The principal aim of the project is to assess the impact of Himalayan glaciers retreat and possible changes of the Indian summer monsoon on the spatial and temporal distribution of water resources in Northern India and to provide recommendations for appropriate and efficient response strategies that strengthen the cause for adaptation to hydrological extreme events.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: KBBE-2009-3-7-01 | Award Amount: 20.52M | Year: 2010

BIOCORE will create and demonstrate create a lignocellulosic biorefinery for sustainable processing of agricultural residues (wheat and rice straws), SRC wood (poplar) and hardwood forestry residues, into 2G biofuels, bulk chemicals, polymers, speciality molecules, heat and power. To reach this overall objective, BIOCORE will: 1) Describe how a mixed lignocellulosic feedstock-based biorefinery can be supplied with biomass, taking into account biomass handling, feedstock variability and seasonality. Biomass provisioning scenarios will be described for several different local contexts (Europe and Asia) 2) Adapt and streamline a patented organosolv technology for targeted biorefining of BIOCORE feedstocks and develop all necessary processing steps (including enzymatic hydrolysis and physico-chemical operations) to produce high quality cellulose, polymeric and oligomeric hemicellulose-derivatives, high quality lignins, heat and power from process residues 3) Develop multiple product manufacturing pipelines using a combination of advanced biotechnologies, chemical catalysis and thermochemical processes for the production of building block chemicals and polymers for bulk markets from sugars and lignins 4) Design a complete biorefinery concept that will describe the alternative product manufacturing pathways. This will be achieved by developing integrated flowsheets and process designs that include all of the operational units, supply chain models, and economic factors 5) Demonstrate the performance of the biorefinery through an integrated approach, producing industrial scale pilots for the biorefinery complexes that are closer to the market 6) Assess the environmental, economic and social sustainability of the biorefinery concept considering the entire value chain 7) Ensure efficient technology transfer to the energy sector, chemical and biotech industries, agro and forestry sectors, and the general public and policy makers

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC5-03b-2014 | Award Amount: 5.21M | Year: 2015

An important question for policy makers, in the G20 and beyond, is how to bring climate action into the broader sustainable development agenda. Objectives like energy poverty eradication, increased well-being and welfare, air quality improvement, energy security enhancement, and food and water availability will continue to remain important over the next several decades. There have been relatively few scientific analyses, however, that have explored the complex interplay between climate action and development while simultaneously taking both global and national perspectives. The CD-LINKS project will change this, filling this critical knowledge gap and providing much-needed information for designing complementary climate-development policies. CD-LINKS has four overarching goals: (i) to gain an improved understanding of the linkages between climate change policies (mitigation/adaptation) and multiple sustainable development objectives, (ii) to broaden the evidence base in the area of policy effectiveness by exploring past and current policy experiences, (iii) to develop the next generation of globally consistent, national low-carbon development pathways, and (iv) to establish a research network and capacity building platform in order to leverage knowledge-exchange among institutions from Europe and other key players within the G20. Through six highly integrated work packages from empirical research to model and scenario development CD-LINKS will advance the state-of-the-art of climate-development policy analysis and modelling in a number of areas. The project aims to have a pronounced impact on the policy dialogue, both nationally and internationally: an important outcome of the project will be a list of country-specific policy recommendations for effectively managing the long-term transformation process. These recommendations will point out opportunities for policy synergies and at the same time respect political and institutional barriers to implementation.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: KBBE.2011.4-05 | Award Amount: 1.92M | Year: 2011

The main objective of the SAHYOG project is to establish a partnering initiative to coordinate research activities carried out in Europe and India on biomass production and biowaste conversion through biotechnological approaches. The integrated project activities will be carried out by a partnership of stakeholders from EU and India involving public and private organizations that conceive and fund research programmes as well as representatives from the scientific community. Strong EU-India linkages will be created between on-going and future research and innovation projects with the aim to exploit cooperation synergies for sustainable development. The project will be based on comprehensive inventories integrating research activities from Europe and India in order to identify common areas of interest as well as knowledge gaps and cooperation opportunities. The twinning of projects and short term exchanges among researchers will be important tools to strengthen collaboration and promote networking in areas of shared strategic interest. Several stakeholder workshops will provide opportunities to explore the opinions and perspectives of European and Indian scientists and R&D programme managers. Thereby, the SAHYOG project will help to identify opportunities for joint initiatives between the EU and its Member States and India in the field of biomass production and biowaste conversion. The organization of conferences and summer schools will contribute to increase the visibility of scientific excellence and the impact of innovation in the sector. Finally, a Strategic Research Agenda and a R&D road map will be developed in order to facilitate concerted planning of future joint EU-India research initiatives Thereby, pathways will be identified to promote new technologies that will drive Europe and India to an increased exploitation of biotechnology for biomass production and biowaste conversion.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2009. | Award Amount: 4.12M | Year: 2010

EU action on climate change is now focused on accelerating mitigation efforts, while seeking to reduce risks associated with climate change impacts. To achieve the multiple goals of cutting greenhouse gas emissions, reducing vulnerability to climate impacts, and building mitigative and adaptive capacities, climate action needs to be mainstreamed across all EU policy sectors. As the scale of European policy grows, mitigation and adaptation need increasingly to be integrated. These policies have strong international dimensions. The RESPONSES project addresses EU policy challenges by: developing new global low emissions scenarios, placing EU efforts in a global context; building an approach for assessing EU policies against mitigation and adaptation objectives and for developing alternative policy options; applying this framework in five EU policy sectors (water and agriculture, biodiversity, regional development/infrastructure, health and energy), linked by a set of cross-sectoral integrative activities; and synthesizing the results to new policy strategies. The main outputs of the project will be: a set of global low emission scenarios, differentiated by key countries; options and strategies for integrating mitigation and resilience to climate impacts into EU policies; a validated strategic climate assessment approach. The RESPONSES consortium brings together seven leading European research institutes working on climate change scenarios, modelling, analysis and policy, combining the necessary disciplinary and sectoral expertise. Chinese, Indian and US partners and associates will also participate in the project. The consortium builds on partners experience in other EU and national projects, including the ADAM project, and will foster close relationships with policymakers. Research outputs will be of direct relevance to the IPCC and to post-2012 international negotiations, as well as supporting implementation of the EU White Paper on Adaptation.

Sarma S.D.,Tata Energy Research Institute
Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology | Year: 2011

The present study examines the potential environment, health and safety (EHS) implications of a nanoscale silver based candle filter due to enter the Indian market, by utilizing the Life Cycle approach for analyzing key toxicity issues surrounding its manufacture, use and disposal. Copyright © 2011 American Scientific Publishers All rights reserved.

Rajarathnam U.,Tata Energy Research Institute
Research report (Health Effects Institute) | Year: 2011

INTRODUCTION: Air pollution concentrations in most of the megacities in India exceed the air quality guidelines recommended by the World Health Organization and may adversely affect human health in these cities. Particulate matter (PM) is the pollutant of concern in many Indian cities, particularly in the capital city of Delhi, In recent years, several actions have been taken to address the growing air pollution problem in Delhi and other Indian cities; however, few studies have been designed to assess the health effects of air pollution in Indian cities. To bridge the gap in scientific knowledge and add evidence to the ongoing studies in other Asian cities, a retrospective time-series study on air pollution and mortality in Delhi was initiated under the HEI Public Health and Air Pollution in Asia (PAPA) program. APPROACH: The study used retrospective time-series data of air quality and of naturally-occurring deaths recorded in Delhi to identify changes in the daily all-natural-cause mortality rate that could be attributed to changes in air quality. The 3-year study period included the years 2002 through 2004. The methodology involved: (1) collecting data on ambient air quality for major pollutants from all monitoring stations in Delhi; (2) collecting meteorologic data (temperature, humidity, and visibility); (3) collecting daily mortality records from the Registrar of Births and Deaths; (4) statistically analyzing the data using the common protocol for Indian PAPA studies, which included city-specific modifications. RESULTS AND IMPLICATIONS: The study findings showed that increased concentrations of PM with an aerodynamic diameter < or = 10 microg/m3 (PM10) and of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) were associated with increased all-natural-cause mortality. It was found that every 10-microg/m3 change in PM10 was associated with only a 0.15% increase in total all-natural-cause mortality. When NO2 alone was considered in the model, daily all-natural-cause mortality increased 0.84% for every 10-microg/m3 increase in NO2 concentration. No significant effect was observed for changes in sulfur dioxide (SO2) concentrations. The study provides insight into the link between air pollution and mortality in local populations and contributes information to the existing body of knowledge.

Chauhan S.,Tata Energy Research Institute
Biomass and Bioenergy | Year: 2010

India generates over 370 million tonnes of biomass every year. In addition to the direct harvesting from plants, biomass is also produced as a by product in many agro based industries such as rice husk from rice mill, saw dust from saw mill, bagasse from sugar mills etc. It has been estimated that about 17 GW of power can be generated through cogeneration, combustion and gasification routes from the available biomass. However, for this potential to be realized, data on production, present usage patterns, prices and seasonal fluctuation on biomass is essentially required. The present article is based on the resource assessment of non-plantation surplus biomass with a view to using it for energy production and its utilization in the state of Haryana, India.Being an agricultural state, Haryana has a huge potential of biomass availability in the form of crop residue and saw dust. In the agricultural sector, a total 24.697Mty-1 of residue is generated, of which 71% is consumed in various domestic and commercial activities within the state. While in agro based industrial sector, a total of 646kty-1 of sawdust is generated, of which only 6.65% is consumed in the state. Of the total generated biomass in the state, 45.51% is calculated as basic surplus, 37.48% as productive surplus and 34.10% as net surplus. The power generation potential from all these three categories of surplus biomass is 1.499GW, 1.227GW and 1.120GW respectively. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

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