Kiev, Ukraine

Taras Shevchenko University or officially the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv , colloquially known in Ukrainian as KNU is located in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. It is the third oldest university in Ukraine after the University of Lviv and University of Kharkiv. Currently, its structure consists of fifteen faculties and five institutes. It was founded in 1834 as the Kiev Imperial University of Saint Vladimir, and since then it has changed its name several times. During the Soviet Union era, Taras Shevchenko University was one of the top-three universities in the USSR, along with Moscow State University and Leningrad State University. It is ranked as the best university in Ukraine in many rankings . Throughout history, the university has produced many famous alumni including Nikolay Bunge, Mykhailo Drahomanov, Mykhailo Hrushevskyi, Nikolai Berdyaev, Mikhail Bulgakov, Viacheslav Chornovil, Leonid Kravchuk, and many others. Wikipedia.


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Patent
Taras Shevchenko National University | Date: 2016-09-29

The present invention relates to pharmaceutically and/or diagnostically active compounds, in particular peptide analogues (peptidomimetics), which can be reversibly controlled between an active and an inactive state by irradiation with light of different wavelengths. The present invention further relates to an intermediate compound usable in the manufacture of such pharmaceutically and/or diagnostically active compounds, as well as a manufacturing method thereof.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: WATER-4a-2014 | Award Amount: 1.58M | Year: 2015

FREEWAT aims at promoting water management and planning by simplifying the application of the Water Framework Directive and other EU water related Directives. FREEWAT will be an open source and public domain GIS integrated modelling environment for the simulation of water quantity and quality in surface water and groundwater with an integrated water management and planning module. Specific objectives of the FREEWAT project are: - to coordinate previous EU and national funded research to integrate existing software modules for water management in a single environment into the GIS based FREEWAT; - to support the FREEWAT application in an innovative participatory approach gathering technical staff and relevant stakeholders (in primis policy and decision makers) in designing scenarios for the proper application of water policies. FREEWAT will initiate a process aimed at filling the gap between EU and US on widespread-standardised ICT tools and models for management of water quantity and quality and will set a well recognisable and flagship initiative. The open source characteristics of the platform allow to consider this an initiative ad includendum (looking for inclusion of other entities), as further research institutions, private developers etc. may contribute to the platform development. Through creating a common environment among water research/professionals, policy makers and implementers, FREEWAT main impact will be on enhancing science- and participatory approach and evidence-based decision making in water resource management, hence producing relevant and appropriate outcomes for policy implementation. The Consortium is constituted by partners from various water sectors from 11 EU countries, plus Switzerland, Turkey and Ukraine. Synergies with the UNESCO HOPE initiative on free and open source software in water management greatly boost the value of the project. Large stakeholders involvement guarantees results dissemination and exploitation.


Gaspar A.B.,University of Valencia | Seredyuk M.,University of Valencia | Seredyuk M.,Taras Shevchenko National University
Coordination Chemistry Reviews | Year: 2014

This review article is devoted to the study of the spin crossover phenomenon in soft matter. Spin crossover compounds, though known for decades, bear the potential for practical applications in switching, sensing and display devices. Having arrived at a reasonable understanding of the spin transition process in solid and liquid states, one trend in this research field is to extend the knowledge into soft matter. The review begins with a brief description of Langmuir-Blodgett thin films based on FeII coordination compounds since it represents the first study of the spin crossover phenomenon in soft matter. The following section illustrates the FeII, FeIII and CoII complexes reported so far and the interplay-synergy observed between the spin crossover or valence tautomerism phenomenon and the crystal-liquid crystal or crystal-liquid phase transitions. The spin crossover phenomenon in gels is subject of another chapter, where it is described the development of thermochromic gels making use of the change of color associated with the spin transition in FeII coordination compounds. The last sections encompass the study of dendrimer and lipid complexes that undergo thermally induced spin crossover properties as well as a particular case of amphiphilic Fe(III) complexes exhibiting cooperative spin transition in solution. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.


Zhuk S.M.,Taras Shevchenko National University
Automatica | Year: 2010

This paper presents a state estimation approach for an uncertain linear equation with a non-invertible operator in Hilbert space. The approach addresses linear equations with uncertain deterministic input and noise in the measurements, which belong to a given convex closed bounded set. A new notion of a minimax observable subspace is introduced. By means of the presented approach, new equations describing the dynamics of a minimax recursive estimator for discrete-time non-causal differential-algebraic equations (DAEs) are presented. For the case of regular DAEs it is proved that the estimator's equation coincides with the equation describing the seminal Kalman filter. The properties of the estimator are illustrated by a numerical example. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Tanygin B.M.,Taras Shevchenko National University
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials | Year: 2011

A local flexomagnetoelectric (A.P. Pyatakov, A.K. Zvezdin, 2009) effect in the magnetic domain walls (DWs) of the cubic hexoctahedral crystal has been investigated on the basis of a symmetry analysis. The strong connection between magnetic symmetry of the DW and the type of the distribution of the electric polarization was shown. Results were systemized in the scope of the DW chirality. It was shown, that new type of the local flexomagnetoelectric coupling corresponds to the presence of the coupled electric charge in the DW. It was found that all time-noninvariant chiral DWs have identical type of spatial distribution of the magnetization and polarization. There are coincidence between the symmetry predictions and results obtaining from the known term of the flexomagnetoelectric coupling for transverse polarization components. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Zholos A.V.,Taras Shevchenko National University
Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology | Year: 2014

Human canonical transient receptor potential channel 5 (TRPC5) has been cloned from the Xq23 region on chromosome X as a suspect in nonsyndromic mental retardation. TRPC5 is a Ca2+-permeable cation channel predominantly expressed in the CNS, including the hippocampus, cerebellum, amygdala, sensory neurons, and retina. It also shows more restricted expression in the periphery, notably in the kidney and cardiovascular system. Homotetrameric TRPC5 channels are primarily activated by receptors coupled to Gq and phospholipase C and/or Gi proteins, but TRPC5 channels may also gate in a store-dependent manner, which requires other partner proteins such TRPC1, STIM1, and Orai1. There is an impressive array of other activators of TRPC5 channels, such as nitric oxide, lysophospholipids, sphingosine-1-phosphate, reduced thioredoxin, protons, lanthanides, and calcium, and many can cause its direct activation. Moreover, TRPC5 shows constitutive activity, and it is responsive to membrane stretch and cold. Thus, TRPC5 channels have significant potential for synergistic activation and may serve as an important focal point in Ca2+ signalling and electrogenesis. Moreover, TRPC5 functions in partnership with about 60 proteins, including TRPC1, TRPC4, calmodulin, IP3 receptors, NHERF, NCS-1, junctate, stathmin 2, Ca2+-binding protein 1, caveolin, and SESTD1, while its desensitisation is mediated by both protein kinases A and C. TRPC5 has a distinct voltage dependence shared only with its closest relative, TRPC4. Its unique N-shaped activation curve underlined by intracellular Mg2+ block seems to be perfectly “shaped” to trigger action potential discharge, but not to grossly interfere with the action potential shape. The range of biological functions of TRPC5 channels is also impressive, from neurotransmission to control of axon guidance and vascular smooth muscle cell migration and contractility. Recent studies of Trpc5 gene knockouts begin to uncover its roles in fear, anxiety, seizures, and cold sensing. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014.


Pishkalo M.I.,Taras Shevchenko National University
Solar Physics | Year: 2011

The photometrical flattening index of the solar corona a+b is defined according to Ludendorff. In this paper we have investigated how the flattening index varies with respect to the phase of solar activity and the sunspot number. We have compiled 170 values of the flattening index using the data on 60 total solar eclipses from 1851 to 2010. We have found that the flattening index takes values from 0 to 0. 4, and is anticorrelated with solar activity. The value of the flattening index at the beginning of solar cycle 24 was used as a precursor to forecast the amplitude of the cycle. It was found that the amplitude of solar cycle 24 will be about 95 in terms of the smoothed monthly sunspot numbers. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.


Anisimov A.V.,Taras Shevchenko National University
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory | Year: 2013

A new family of universal self-synchronizable variable- length codes is introduced. This family is not a generalization or improvement of the existing prefix codes, but is based on a new method of integer representation in a mixed base using the radix-2 and the auxiliary radix-3. Upper length bounds for such codes are obtained. The asymptotic estimates for the(2,3)-encoding including the pointwise redundancy are also given. In particular, this implies that the average length of a(2,3)-codeword is shorter than that of Fibonacci code. Elias gamma and delta codes are adopted for the(2,3)-variant with asymptotically shorter codewords as against the original case. Improvement of gamma and delta encoding for all numbers is also presented. One of(2,3)-codes with high density is highlighted as a possible candidate for practical use in data compression. The(2,3)-codes are very simple to construct and they have evident features of strong robustness. © 2012 IEEE.


Patent
Taras Shevchenko National University | Date: 2014-08-27

The present invention relates to pharmaceutically and/or diagnostically active compounds, in particular peptide analogues (peptidomimetics), which can be reversibly controlled between an active and an inactive state by irradiation with light of different wavelengths. The present invention further relates to an intermediate compound usable in the manufacture of such pharmaceutically and/or diagnostically active compounds, as well as a manufacturing method thereof.


Patent
Taras Shevchenko National University | Date: 2014-02-24

The present invention relates to pharmaceutically and/or diagnostically active compounds, in particular peptide analogues (peptidomimetics), which can be reversibly controlled between an active and an inactive state by irradiation with light of different wavelengths. The present invention further relates to an intermediate compound usable in the manufacture of such pharmaceutically and/or diagnostically active compounds, as well as a manufacturing method thereof.

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