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Kiev, Ukraine

Taras Shevchenko University or officially the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv , colloquially known in Ukrainian as KNU is located in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. It is the third oldest university in Ukraine after the University of Lviv and University of Kharkiv. Currently, its structure consists of fifteen faculties and five institutes. It was founded in 1834 as the Kiev Imperial University of Saint Vladimir, and since then it has changed its name several times. During the Soviet Union era, Taras Shevchenko University was one of the top-three universities in the USSR, along with Moscow State University and Leningrad State University. It is ranked as the best university in Ukraine in many rankings . Throughout history, the university has produced many famous alumni including Nikolay Bunge, Mykhailo Drahomanov, Mykhailo Hrushevskyi, Nikolai Berdyaev, Mikhail Bulgakov, Viacheslav Chornovil, Leonid Kravchuk, and many others. Wikipedia.

Zhuk S.M.,Taras Shevchenko National University
Automatica | Year: 2010

This paper presents a state estimation approach for an uncertain linear equation with a non-invertible operator in Hilbert space. The approach addresses linear equations with uncertain deterministic input and noise in the measurements, which belong to a given convex closed bounded set. A new notion of a minimax observable subspace is introduced. By means of the presented approach, new equations describing the dynamics of a minimax recursive estimator for discrete-time non-causal differential-algebraic equations (DAEs) are presented. For the case of regular DAEs it is proved that the estimator's equation coincides with the equation describing the seminal Kalman filter. The properties of the estimator are illustrated by a numerical example. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Yeshchenko O.A.,Taras Shevchenko National University
Ukrainian Journal of Physics | Year: 2013

The temperature dependences of the energy and the width of a surface plasmon resonance are studied for copper nanoparticles 17-59 nm in size in the silica host matrix in the temperature interval 293-460 K. An increase of the temperature leads to the red shift and the broadening of the surface plasmon resonance in Cu nanoparticles. The obtained dependences are analyzed within the framework of a theoretical model considering the thermal expansion of a nanoparticle, the electron-phonon scattering in a nanoparticle, and the temperature dependence of the dielectric permittivity of the host matrix. The thermal expansion is shown to be the main mechanism responsible for the temperature-induced red shift of the surface plasmon resonance in copper nanoparticles. The thermal volume expansion coefficient for Cu nanoparticles is found to be size-independent in the studied size range. Meanwhile, the increase of the electron-phonon scattering rate with the temperature is shown to be the dominant mechanism of the surface plasmon resonance broadening in copper nanoparticles. © O.A. YESHCHENKO, 2013. Source

Zholos A.V.,Taras Shevchenko National University
Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology | Year: 2014

Human canonical transient receptor potential channel 5 (TRPC5) has been cloned from the Xq23 region on chromosome X as a suspect in nonsyndromic mental retardation. TRPC5 is a Ca2+-permeable cation channel predominantly expressed in the CNS, including the hippocampus, cerebellum, amygdala, sensory neurons, and retina. It also shows more restricted expression in the periphery, notably in the kidney and cardiovascular system. Homotetrameric TRPC5 channels are primarily activated by receptors coupled to Gq and phospholipase C and/or Gi proteins, but TRPC5 channels may also gate in a store-dependent manner, which requires other partner proteins such TRPC1, STIM1, and Orai1. There is an impressive array of other activators of TRPC5 channels, such as nitric oxide, lysophospholipids, sphingosine-1-phosphate, reduced thioredoxin, protons, lanthanides, and calcium, and many can cause its direct activation. Moreover, TRPC5 shows constitutive activity, and it is responsive to membrane stretch and cold. Thus, TRPC5 channels have significant potential for synergistic activation and may serve as an important focal point in Ca2+ signalling and electrogenesis. Moreover, TRPC5 functions in partnership with about 60 proteins, including TRPC1, TRPC4, calmodulin, IP3 receptors, NHERF, NCS-1, junctate, stathmin 2, Ca2+-binding protein 1, caveolin, and SESTD1, while its desensitisation is mediated by both protein kinases A and C. TRPC5 has a distinct voltage dependence shared only with its closest relative, TRPC4. Its unique N-shaped activation curve underlined by intracellular Mg2+ block seems to be perfectly “shaped” to trigger action potential discharge, but not to grossly interfere with the action potential shape. The range of biological functions of TRPC5 channels is also impressive, from neurotransmission to control of axon guidance and vascular smooth muscle cell migration and contractility. Recent studies of Trpc5 gene knockouts begin to uncover its roles in fear, anxiety, seizures, and cold sensing. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014. Source

Tanygin B.M.,Taras Shevchenko National University
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials | Year: 2011

It was shown that free energy density of the local flexomagnetoelectric effect is determined by the four phenomenological constants in case of the cubic (hexoctahedral) crystal. The well-known single-constant Lifshitz invariant term is correct only when fixed electric polarization induces the inhomogeneity of the magnetization. Proposed phenomenological theory was applied to the magnetic domain walls. The domain wall structure has been investigated in details. The four-constant phenomenological theory conforms to the symmetry based predictions (Baryakhtar et al., 1984, [12]). The proposed experimental verification of the four-constant flexomagnetoelectric phenomenology is a detection of the shift of the Néel domain walls under the strong homogeneous electric field. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. Source

Tanygin B.M.,Taras Shevchenko National University
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials | Year: 2011

A local flexomagnetoelectric (A.P. Pyatakov, A.K. Zvezdin, 2009) effect in the magnetic domain walls (DWs) of the cubic hexoctahedral crystal has been investigated on the basis of a symmetry analysis. The strong connection between magnetic symmetry of the DW and the type of the distribution of the electric polarization was shown. Results were systemized in the scope of the DW chirality. It was shown, that new type of the local flexomagnetoelectric coupling corresponds to the presence of the coupled electric charge in the DW. It was found that all time-noninvariant chiral DWs have identical type of spatial distribution of the magnetization and polarization. There are coincidence between the symmetry predictions and results obtaining from the known term of the flexomagnetoelectric coupling for transverse polarization components. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

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