Wei S.-H.,I - Shou University |
Liu C.-C.,Tao Yuan General Hospital |
Fan P.-C.,National Taiwan University Hospital
Pediatric Drugs | Year: 2014
Background: Few clinical studies have assessed the efficacy and safety of oxcarbazepine (OXC) oral suspension in Asian pediatric patients and particularly in infants. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the efficacy, tolerability, and side effects of OXC oral suspension in Taiwanese infants and children with various types of epilepsy. Methods: A retrospective review of the efficacy, tolerability, and side effects of OXC oral suspension in a tertiary medical center in Taiwan was conducted and included children (1-9 years old) and infants (<1 year old) diagnosed with epilepsy, which was classified into idiopathic partial, symptomatic partial, or multifocal subtypes. The OXC oral suspension (Trileptal®; Novartis) was given in a gradual dose titration, from an initial 7.5 mg/kg/day to 30 mg/kg/day within 1 month in all cases. Results: A total of 20 infants and 38 children were identified. There were no statistically significant differences between the children and infants in efficacy (75 vs. 82%, p = 0.734) and adverse effects (30 vs. 21%, p = 0.525) after OXC oral suspension treatment. The efficacy was significantly correlated with the epilepsy subtype (p < 0.01) and the number of combined antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) before OXC treatment (p < 0.01) in both groups. The patients with idiopathic and symptomatic partial epilepsy responded better to OXC oral suspension than those with multifocal epilepsy. Conclusions: OXC oral suspension is effective and well tolerated in both infants and children with partial epilepsy in Taiwan. Treatment efficacy was related to epilepsy subtype and number of combined AEDs before OXC treatment. Monotherapy had an excellent therapeutic response in partial epilepsy but not in multifocal epilepsy. © Springer International Publishing 2013.
Wang C.-H.,National Taiwan University Hospital |
Wang C.-H.,National Taiwan University |
Chang W.-T.,National Taiwan University Hospital |
Huang C.-H.,National Taiwan University Hospital |
And 5 more authors.
Resuscitation | Year: 2014
Objective: Studies have shown the detrimental effect of hyperoxia in animals with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after cardiac arrest. To maximize the value of existing clinical studies, we performed the systemic review and meta-analysis of human observational studies to examine the effect of hyperoxia on outcomes of post-ROSC patients. Methods: We searched PubMed and Embase from the inception to October 2013. We selected adult observational studies that compared different levels of partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2) in post-ROSC patients with mortality or neurological status at hospital discharge as outcome. Studies comparing hypoxia with normoxia only were excluded. Results: Fourteen studies were identified from 2982 references. Odds ratio (OR) was used as effect estimate. OR was reconstructed if not provided in original articles. Hyperoxia was defined as a PaO2 >300mmHg. Meta-analysis indicated that hyperoxia appeared to be correlated with increased in-hospital mortality (OR, 1.40; 95% CI, 1.02-1.93; I2, 69.27%; 8 studies) but not worsened neurological outcome (OR, 1.62; 95% CI, 0.87-3.02; I2, 55.61%; 2 studies). However, the results were inconsistent in subgroup and sensitivity analyses. Conclusions: Hyperoxia appears to be correlated with increased in-hospital mortality of post-ROSC patients. This result should be interpreted cautiously because of the significant heterogeneity and limited number of studies analyzed. However, because exposure to hyperoxia had no obvious benefits, clinicians should monitor PaO2 closely and titrate oxygen administration cautiously. © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Hsu C.P.,Yuanpei University |
Chang W.L.,Yuanpei University |
Wang H.L.,Yuanpei University |
Chung Y.C.,Tao Yuan General Hospital
European Journal of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2011
Background: It has been demonstrated that the deletion, mutation, hypermethylation and subcellular location of the tumor suppressor phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) are closely correlated with carcinogenesis, progression and prognosis of malignancy. Both mutation and the microsatellite instability of the PTEN gene influence regulation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. This study investigated whether loss of nuclear PTEN is correlated with chemosensitivity, clinicopathological parameters and survival. Methods: Intracellular levels of PTEN of multiple cell lines of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) were evaluated by Western blotting and immunocytochemistry. The chemosensitivity of cell lines with various expression levels of PTEN was evaluated using 5-flurouracil (5-FU), oxaliplatin and irinotecan (CPT), and clinical significance was evaluated by immunohistochemical analysis of 133 CRC specimens. Results: Colon cancer cell lines HT-29, LoVo and SW480 differed in expression of PTEN, with high, moderate and low levels, respectively. HT-29 and LoVo PTEN expression was suppressed by a low concentration of 5-FU and oxaliplatin; however, SW480 was insensitive to these chemotherapeutic agents. Nuclear PTEN was overexpressed in most (>80%) normal colon mucosa samples, but the incidence significantly decreased (89.2% → 53.4%) in the CRC group. PTEN in the nucleus was negatively correlated with tumor size and vascular invasion in CRC, and CRC patients with negative PTEN expression in the nucleus exhibited poor survival. Conclusion: Cell lines with a high expression of PTEN are sensitive to chemotherapy with 5-FU and oxaliplatin. Nuclear PTEN expression gradually decreases after malignant transformation, and loss of PTEN expression in the nucleus is associated with tumor progression and poor clinical outcome in CRC. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Chung Y.-C.,Tao Yuan General Hospital |
Lin C.-C.,Yuanpei University |
Chou C.-C.,Yuanpei University |
Hsu C.-P.,Yuanpei University
European Journal of Clinical Investigation | Year: 2010
Background Polyphenol-rich longan seed extract (LSP) is a free radical scavenger and antioxidant. However, the effect of LSP on the growth of human colorectal carcinoma cells (CRC) has not yet been evaluated. Materials and methods Polyphenols of longan seeds were extracted and measured by colorimetry. Four CRC cell lines (Colo 320DM, SW480, HT-29 and LoVo) were treated with LSP and assessed for viability by trypan blue exclusion, for cell cycle distribution by flow cytometry, for apoptosis by annexin V labelling and for changes in the levels of proteins involved in cell cycle control or apoptosis by immunoblotting. Results Total phenol content of LSP was 695 mg g-1 and total flavonoids were 150 mg g-1. LSP inhibited the proliferation (25 μg mL-1-200 μg mL-1) of Colo 320DM, SW480 and HT-29, but not LoVo. LSP inhibited the proliferation by blocking cell cycle progression during the DNA synthesis phase and inducing apoptotic death. Western blotting indicated that LSP blocks the S phase, reducing the expression of cyclin A and cyclin D1. Colo 320DM and SW480 treated with LSP also showed the activation of caspase 3 and increased Bax : Bcl-2 ratio. Conclusion LSP induces S phase arrest of the cell cycle and apoptotic death in three CRC cell lines. The results indicate that LSP is a potential novel chemoprevention and treatment agent for colorectal cancer. © 2010 Stichting European Society for Clinical Investigation Journal Foundation.
Yu C.-H.,Tao Yuan General Hospital |
Chen P.-Q.,National Taiwan University Hospital |
Ma S.-C.,National Taiwan University Hospital |
Pan C.-H.,National Taiwan University Hospital
Scoliosis | Year: 2012
Background: In our institution, the fixation technique in treating idiopathic scoliosis was shifted from hybrid fixation to the all-screw method beginning in 2000. We conducted this study to assess the intermediate -term outcome of all-screw method in treating adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).Methods: Forty-nine consecutive patients were retrospectively included with minimum of 5-year follow-up (mean, 6.1; range, 5.1-7.3 years). The average age of surgery was 18.5 ± 5.0 years. We assessed radiographic measurements at preoperative (Preop), postoperative (PO) and final follow-up (FFU) period. Curve correction rate, correction loss rate, complications, accuracy of pedicle screws and SF-36 scores were analyzed.Results: The average major curve was corrected from 58.0 ± 13.0° Preop to 16.0 ± 9.0° PO(p < 0.0001), and increased to 18.4 ± 8.6°(p = 0.12) FFU. This revealed a 72.7% correction rate and a correction loss of 2.4° (3.92%). The thoracic kyphosis decreased little at FFU (22 ± 12° to 20 ± 6°, (p = 0.25)). Apical vertebral rotation decreased from 2.1 ± 0.8 PreOP to 0.8 ± 0.8 at FFU (Nash-Moe grading, p < 0.01). Among total 831 pedicle screws, 56 (6.7%) were found to be malpositioned. Compared with 2069 age-matched Taiwanese, SF-36 scores showed inferior result in 2 variables: physical function and role physical.Conclusion: Follow-up more than 5 years, the authors suggest that all-screw method is an efficient and safe method. © 2011 Yu et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.