Time filter

Source Type

Takasago, Japan

Murakami I.,Tottori University | Morimoto A.,Jichi Medical University | Oka T.,Okayama University of Science | Kuwamoto S.,Tottori University | And 9 more authors.
Virchows Archiv | Year: 2013

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a lymphoproliferative disorder consisting of abnormal Langerhans cell-like cells and other lymphoid cells. LCH presents as either a multisystem LCH (LCH-MS) or a single-system LCH (LCH-SS). Currently, neither the pathogeneses nor the factors that define these disease subclasses have been elucidated. The interleukin (IL)-17A autocrine LCH model and IL-17A-targeted therapies have been proposed and have engendered much controversy. Those authors showed high serum IL-17A levels in LCH and argued that serum IL-17A-dependent fusion activities in vitro, rather than serum IL-17A levels, correlated with LCH severity (i.e. the IL-17A paradox). In contrast, others could not confirm the IL-17A autocrine model. So began the controversy on IL-17A, which still continues. We approached the IL-17A controversy and the IL-17A paradox from a new perspective in considering the expression levels of IL-17A receptor (IL-17RA). We detected higher levels of IL-17RA protein expression in LCH-MS (n = 10) as compared to LCH-SS (n = 9) (P = 0.041) by immunofluorescence. We reconfirmed these data by re-analyzing GSE16395 mRNA data. We found that serum levels of IL-17A were higher in LCH (n = 38) as compared to controls (n = 20) (P = 0.005) with no significant difference between LCH subclasses. We propose an IL-17A endocrine model and stress that changes in IL-17RA expression levels are important for defining LCH subclasses. We hypothesize that these IL-17RA data could clarify the IL-17A controversy and the IL-17A paradox. As a potential treatment of LCH-MS, we indicate the possibility of an IL-17RA-targeted therapy. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Murakami I.,Tottori University | Matsushita M.,Tottori University | Iwasaki T.,Tottori University | Kuwamoto S.,Tottori University | And 11 more authors.
Human Pathology | Year: 2014

Summary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a group of granulomatous disorders in which abnormal Langerhans cells proliferate as either a localized lesion in a single bone or disseminated disease involving two or more organs or systems. Because the different LCH forms exhibit significantly elevated levels of inflammatory molecules, including pro-inflammatory cytokines and tissue-degrading enzymes, we investigated for a possible viral trigger in LCH pathogenesis. We looked for Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) in peripheral blood cells and tissues using quantitative real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry staining with anti-MCPyV large T-antigen antibody. Our findings revealed elevated amounts of MCPyV DNA in the peripheral blood cells of 2 of 3 patients affected by LCH with high-risk organ involvement (RO+) and absence of MCPyV DNA in the blood cells in all 12 LCH-RO- patients (P =.029). With lower viral loads (0.002-0.033 copies/cell), an elevated number of MCPyV DNA sequences was detected in 12 LCH tissues in comparison with control tissues obtained from patients with reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (0/5; P =.0007), skin diseases not related to LCH in children younger than 2 years (0/11; P =.0007), or dermatopathic lymphadenopathy (5/20; P =.0002). The data, including frequent but lower viral loads and low large-T antigen expression rate (2/13 LCH tissues), suggest that development of LCH as a reactive rather than a neoplastic process may be related to MCPyV infection. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source

Imashuku S.,Takasago Seibu Hospital
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology | Year: 2011

The clinical features of Epstein-Barr virus-related hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (EBV-HLH) vary significantly, from mild to severe, at the time of the treatment decision. There are many reports of successful treatments, for example conservative treatment without etoposide, HLH-94/2004-type immunochemotherapy with etoposide, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. When considering the treatment of EBV-HLH, the most important factor is the finding that a survival benefit is obtained when etoposide-containing therapy is initiated within 4 weeks of diagnosis. This indicates that there may be a window for observation or conservative corticosteroid/cyclosporine A or intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment; however, once the disease is defined as "high risk" and/or refractory to such therapy, prompt introduction of etoposide (ideally within 4 wk) is recommended. In deciding whether the disease is "high-risk," evaluation of clinical staging, EBV genome copy numbers in the serum, cellular EBV tropism, chromosome analysis, and screening for hereditary immuno-deficient diseases such as familial HLH, are required. Copyright © 2011 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Yagi K.,Shakaihoken Kobe Central Hospital | Kano G.,Shakaihoken Kobe Central Hospital | Shibata M.,Shakaihoken Kobe Central Hospital | Sakamoto I.,Shakaihoken Kobe Central Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Pediatric Blood and Cancer | Year: 2011

A 3-year-old male presented with Chlamydia pneumoniae infection-related hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). The patient developed an episode of HLH with severe skin eruption following C. pneumoniae pneumonia. Symptoms responded to steroid/cyclosporine A therapy, but the patient slowly lost consciousness and developed systemic flaccid paralysis. He was diagnosed with encephalitis/myelitis by brain and spinal MRI. Neurological symptoms and signs gradually resolved. We thought that the immune response to C. pneumoniae infection triggered the development of HLH, associated with unusual neurological complications. This report describes a novel case of C. pneumoniae-associated HLH and with poliomyelitis like flaccid paralysis. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.. Source

Shioda Y.,National Center for Child Health and Development | Adachi S.,Kyoto University | Imashuku S.,Takasago Seibu Hospital | Kudo K.,Shizuoka Childrens Hospital | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Hematology | Year: 2011

To determine the ability of recent systemic chemotherapy protocols to reduce the incidence of central diabetes insipidus (CDI) in Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), 43 CDI cases that belonged to a cohort of 348 pediatric patients with multi-focal LCH who were treated with the JLSG-96/-02 protocols were analyzed. The overall incidence of CDI was 12.4%, but in 24 cases CDI was already present at the time LCH was diagnosed. Thus, CDI developed during or after systemic chemotherapy over a follow-up period of 5.0 (0.2-14.7) years in only 19 patients (5.9%), with 7.4% at 5-year cumulative risk by Kaplan-Meier analysis. In two cases, complete resolution of CDI was noted. Anterior pituitary hormone deficiency was detected in 13 cases, while CDI-associated neurodegenerative disease was observed in six cases. The JLSG-96/-02 protocol appears to effectively reduce the occurrence of CDI. However, novel therapeutic measures are required to reverse pre-existing CDI and to prevent CDI-associated neurological complications. © 2011 The Japanese Society of Hematology. Source

Discover hidden collaborations