Nakamura M.,Toho University |
Iijima R.,Toho University |
Ako J.,Kitasato University |
Shinke T.,Kobe University |
And 21 more authors.
JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2017
Objectives The NIPPON (Nobori Dual Antiplatelet Therapy as Appropriate Duration) study was a multicenter randomized investigation of the noninferiority of short-term versus long-term dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients with implantation of the Nobori drug-eluting stent (DES) (Terumo, Tokyo, Japan), which has a biodegradable abluminal coating. Background The optimum duration of DAPT for patients with a biodegradable polymer-coated DES is unclear. Methods The subjects were 3,773 patients with stable or acute coronary syndromes undergoing Nobori stent implantation. They were randomized 1:1 to receive DAPT for 6 or 18 months. The primary endpoint was net adverse clinical and cerebrovascular events (NACCE) (all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, and major bleeding) from 6 to 18 months after stenting. Intention-to-treat analysis was performed in 3,307 patients who were followed for at least 6 months. Results NACCE occurred in 34 patients (2.1%) receiving short-term DAPT and 24 patients (1.5%) receiving long-term DAPT (difference 0.6%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.5 to 0.3). Because the lower limit of the 95% CI was inside the specified margin of −2%, noninferiority of short-term DAPT was confirmed. Mortality was 1.0% with short-term DAPT versus 0.4% with long-term DAPT, whereas myocardial infarction was 0.2% versus 0.1%, and major bleeding was 0.7% versus 0.7%, respectively. The estimated probability of NACCE was lower in the long-term DAPT group (hazard ratio: 1.44, 95% CI: 0.86 to 2.43). Conclusions Six months of DAPT was not inferior to 18 months of DAPT following implantation of a DES with a biodegradable abluminal coating. However, this result needs to be interpreted with caution given the open-label design and wide noninferiority margin of the present study. (Nobori Dual Antiplatelet Therapy as Appropriate Duration [NIPPON]; NCT01514227) © 2017
Kusuzaki K.,Takai Hospital |
Matsubara T.,Mie University |
Murata H.,Matsushita Memorial Hospital |
Logozzi M.,National Institute of Health |
And 5 more authors.
Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2017
Photodynamic molecules represent an alternative approach for cancer therapy for their property (i) to be photo-reactive; (ii) to be not-toxic for target cells in absence of light; (iii) to accumulate specifically into tumour tissues; (iv) to be activable by a light beam only at the tumour site and (v) to exert cytotoxic activity against tumour cells. However, to date their clinical use is limited by the side effects elicited by systemic administration. Extracellular vesicles are endogenous nanosized-carriers that have been recently introduced as a natural delivery system for therapeutic molecules. We have recently shown the ability of human exosomes to deliver photodynamic molecules. Therefore, this review focussed on extracellular vesicles as a novel strategy for the delivery of photodynamic molecules at cancer sites. This completely new approach may enhance the delivery and decrease the toxicity of photodynamic molecules, therefore, represent the future for photodynamic therapy for cancer treatment. © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Tamaki S.,Takai Hospital |
Yamanaka Y.,Takai Hospital |
Shimomura H.,Takai Hospital |
Kawashima W.,Takai Hospital |
Sasahira T.,Nara Medical University
Asian Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2011
This report is the case report of a 48-year-old woman who referred to our hospital complaining of a mass at the left maxillary tuberosity and slight trismus. CT and MRI imagings showed a tumor like image with bone absorption of the left maxillary tuberosity. Under general anesthesia, the lesion was excised. Histopathological examination showed low grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma. There is no sign of recurrence or metastasis of the tumor in 5 year after the surgery. © 2010.