Taizhou, China
Taizhou, China

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Chen G.,Taizhou Renmin Hospital | Yue A.,Stem Cell Research Center | Ruan Z.,Taizhou Renmin Hospital | Yin Y.,Taizhou Renmin Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Cell and Tissue Banking | Year: 2015

Decidual stromal cells (DSCs) from maternal term placenta represent a potential source of cells for the treatment of cardiovascular and graft-versus-host diseases. However, it is not clear whether DSCs could be induced towards cardiomyocyte-like differentiation. We chose the placentas which should bred male new-baby. We isolated DSCs from placenta by tissue adherence. The morphology, immunophenotype, and multi-lineage potential were analyzed. Karyotype analysis (G-band) was performed to determine the source and karyotype stability of DSCs. DSCs were induced by 5-azacytidine. Expression of Myf5, α-cardiac actin, Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and GAPDH was assessed by PCR, and cTnT expression was also analyzed by immunofluorescence. Karyotype analyses indicated that cells were derived from the maternal matrix. After induction with 5-azacytidine, DSCs expressed the cardiac-specific markers Myf5, myogenin and cTnT, indicating differentiation towards cardiomyocyte-like cells. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Chen G.,Taizhou Renmin Hospital | Yue A.,Jiangsu Beike Bio Technology Co. | Ruan Z.,Taizhou Renmin Hospital | Yin Y.,Taizhou Renmin Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Cell and Tissue Banking | Year: 2014

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent adult stem cells that have an immunosuppressive effect. The biological stability of MSCs in serum-free medium during long-term culture in vitro has not been elucidated clearly. The morphology, immunophenotype and multi-lineage potential were analyzed at passages 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 (P3, P5, P10, P15, P20, and P25, respectively). The cell cycle distribution, apoptosis, and karyotype of human umbilical cord-derived (hUC)-MSCs were analyzed at P3, P5, P10, P15, P20, and P25. From P3 to P25, the three defining biological properties of hUC-MSCs [adherence to plastic, specific surface antigen expression, multipotent differentiation potential] met the standards proposed by the International Society for Cellular Therapy for definition of MSCs. The cell cycle distribution analysis at the P25 showed that the percentage of cells at G0/G1 was increased, compared with the cells at P3 (P < 0.05). Cells at P25 displayed an increase in the apoptosis rate (to 183 %), compared to those at P3 (P < 0.01). Within subculture generations 3–20 (P3–P20), the differences between the cell apoptotic rates were not statistically significant (P > 0.05). There were no detectable chromosome eliminations, displacements, or chromosomal imbalances, as assessed by the karyotyping guidelines of the International System for Human Cytogenetic Nomenclature (ISCN, 2009). Long-term culture affects the biological stability of MSCs in serum-free MesenCult-XF medium. MSCs can be expanded up to the 25th passage without chromosomal changes by G-band. The best biological activity period and stability appeared between the third to 20th generations. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Chen G.,Taizhou Renmin Hospital | Yue A.,Stem Cell Research Center | Ruan Z.,Taizhou Renmin Hospital | Yin Y.,Taizhou Renmin Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Stem Cell Research and Therapy | Year: 2015

Introduction: Although mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from different sources share many similar characteristics, they also exhibit individual properties. In this study, we compared MSCs derived from Wharton's jelly in the umbilical cord with those derived from the decidual basalis in the maternal part of the placenta to better understand the similarities and differences between these two cell types. Method: The morphology, immunophenotype (as assessed using flow cytometry), and multi-lineage differentiation potential were analyzed. Karyotype analysis was carried out to determine the origin of the MSCs. Growth kinetics were evaluated using analysis of the population doubling time and cell cycle. Immunosuppressive function was analyzed using mixed lymphocyte culture. Results: MSCs from Wharton's jelly and the decidua basalis exhibited similar morphology, immunophenotype, and differentiation potential to osteogenesis and adipogenesis. The percentage of MSCs in the G0/G1 phase was higher in the case of Wharton's jelly than in the case of the decidua basalis (P < 0.05). Decidual MSCs displayed more remarkable immunosuppressive effects on phytohemagglutinin-stimulated T-cell proliferation (P < 0.05). Conclusion: MSCs from both sources had similar basic biological properties, but decidual MSCs had slower proliferation and stronger immunosuppressive function. © 2015 Chen et al.


PubMed | Stem Cell Research Center and Taizhou Renmin Hospital
Type: | Journal: Stem cell research & therapy | Year: 2015

Although mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from different sources share many similar characteristics, they also exhibit individual properties. In this study, we compared MSCs derived from Whartons jelly in the umbilical cord with those derived from the decidual basalis in the maternal part of the placenta to better understand the similarities and differences between these two cell types.The morphology, immunophenotype (as assessed using flow cytometry), and multi-lineage differentiation potential were analyzed. Karyotype analysis was carried out to determine the origin of the MSCs. Growth kinetics were evaluated using analysis of the population doubling time and cell cycle. Immunosuppressive function was analyzed using mixed lymphocyte culture.MSCs from Whartons jelly and the decidua basalis exhibited similar morphology, immunophenotype, and differentiation potential to osteogenesis and adipogenesis. The percentage of MSCs in the G0/G1 phase was higher in the case of Whartons jelly than in the case of the decidua basalis (P < 0.05). Decidual MSCs displayed more remarkable immunosuppressive effects on phytohemagglutinin-stimulated T-cell proliferation (P < 0.05).MSCs from both sources had similar basic biological properties, but decidual MSCs had slower proliferation and stronger immunosuppressive function.

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