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Zheng S.,Hangzhou First Peoples Hospital of Zhejiang Province | Huang K.,Zhejiang University | Tao D.,Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province | Pan Y.,Hangzhou First Peoples Hospital of Zhejiang Province
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery | Year: 2011

Background: Most gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) have gain-of-function mutation of the c-kit gene, and some have mutation of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor-α (PDGFR-α) gene. Extragastrointestinal stromal tumors (EGISTs) are mesenchymal tumors that occur outside the digestive tract. But thetissues from 25 cases of EGIST were analyzed for CD117, CD34, Ki-67, S-100, smooth muscle actin, and desmin expression by immunohistochemical method. These cases of EGISTs were also evaluated for the presence of c-kit exons 9, 11, 13, and 17 mutations and PDGFR-α exons 12 and 18 mutations. Survival analysis was used to evaluate the prognostic factors. Results: c-kit mutations were detected in 44% of EGIST patients and all were exon 11 mutations. PDGFR-α mutations were found in 12% of the 25 cases and all were exon 18 mutations. Survival analysis indicated that mitotic count and Ki-67 labeling index (Ki-67 LI) were significant predictors of survival. Conclusion: The pattern of c-kit and PDGFR-α mutation in EGISTs was essentially similar to that in GISTs. From the molecular genetics aspect, EGISTs may be a special subtype of GISTs. The results also show that the combination of mitotic counts and Ki-67 LI may be useful for predicting the prognosis of EGISTs. © 2011 The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract. Source

Zhao X.,The Second Peoples Hospital of Yueqing | Li J.,The Second Peoples Hospital of Yueqing | Zhuo J.,The Second Peoples Hospital of Yueqing | Cai L.,Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2010

The Ras-related tumor suppressor gene aplasia Ras homolog member I (ARHI) is frequently downregulated in many types of cancer, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we sought to explore the therapeutic implications of ARHI reconstitution in the treatment of HCC. We generated stable cell lines overexpressing ARHI in Hep3B and SK-Hep1 cells, both of which lack endogenous ARHI. The effects of ARHI reexpression on tumor growth and angiogenesis were assessed. Given the key role of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling in HCC progression, we also tested whether ARHI overexpression affected the mTOR pathway. Forced expression of ARHI resulted in a significant inhibition of the proliferation of both Hep3B and SK-Hep1 cells compared to control cells (P< 0.01). Cell cycle analysis revealed a G0-G1 arrest induced by ARHI reexpression. Moreover, ARHI reexpression significantly retarded Hep3B xenograft growth in vivo, and caused a marked reduction in tumor angiogenesis assessed by CD31-stained microvessel count. Western blot analysis of the xenografts showed that ARHI overexpression substantially reduced the phosphorylation of two mTOR substrates, S6K1 and 4E-BP1, indicative of an inactivation of the mTOR pathway. Accompanying with the mTOR inactivation, the angiogenic factors, hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor, were significantly downregulated. These data highlighted an important role for ARHI in controlling HCC growth and angiogenesis, therefore offering a possible therapeutic strategy against this malignancy. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Source

Zhang Y.,Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province
Lin chuang er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology, head, and neck surgery | Year: 2011

To study the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), C-erbB-2 and its relationship with cell proliferation in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Expression of C-erbB-2, EGFR and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were detected with immunohistochemical staining in 32 nasopharyngeal carcinoma samples and 12 chronic inflammatory nasopharyngeal tissue samples. The positive rate of EGFR,C-erbB-2, and PCNA expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma was 65.6%, 37.5%, and (42.5 +/- 22.6)%, respectively, which was significantly higher than that in chronic inflammatory nasopharyngeal tissue (P < 0.05). There were positive correlations between the positive rate of EGFR, C-erbB-2, and PCNA expression and histopathological stage. The co-expression of C-erbB2 and EGFR was found in 62.5% (20/32) nasopharyngeal carcinoma samples. There was a positive correlation between C-erbB-2 and EGFR expression (r = 0.38, P < 0.05). The highest percentage of PCNA expression was found in carcinoma samples with co-expression of C-erbB and EGFR. C-erbB-2, EGFR might have synergetic effect in the development and progress of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The co-expression of C-erbB-2 and EGFR closely correlates with cell proliferation status. Source

Wu X.M.,Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province
Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine] | Year: 2012

To investigate the possible association between the SNP in the 5' untranslated region (5' UTR) of the human beta defensin 1 (DEFB1) gene and the susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in Chinese Han population. In this case-control study, venous blood was collected from 102 patients with PTB and 148 healthful persons. Genomic DNA was extracted using whole blood DNA extraction kit. The -52A/G, -44C/G and -20A/G SNP were genotyped by PCR-directed sequencing. The genotypes and allele frequency were analyzed using the χ(2) test. The linkage disequilibrium and haplotype were analyzed by SHEsis software. A total of 102 patients with PTB (69 males and 33 females, (53.42 ± 20.22) years old) and 148 healthy control cases (95 males and 53 females, (50.67 ± 14.53) years old) were enrolled, with no difference in gender and age (all P values > 0.05). DEFB1 -44 CC genotype was significantly more frequently found in PTB patients than in control group (81.4% (83/102) vs 66.9% (99/148), χ(2) = 5.114, P < 0.05, OR = 2.096, 95%CI: 1.095 - 4.011), so was -44C allele (89.2% (182/204) vs 80.4% (238/296), χ(2) = 6.975, P < 0.05, OR = 1.576, 95%CI: 1.086 - 2.286). No difference in -52 A/G and -20 A/G SNP was observed between the two groups. The proportion of the GGG (-52/-44/-20) haplotype was lower in PTB patients than in the control group (0.030 vs 0.081, χ(2) = 5.629, P < 0.05, OR = 0.348, 95%CI: 0.140 - 0.863). No linkage disequilibrium was found among the SNP of the three sites (D' values were 0.132, 0.064, 0.088; r(2) values were 0.003, 0.002, 0.003; all P values > 0.05). These results suggest that the SNP of DEFB1 5' UTR is associated with susceptibility to PTB in Chinese Han population. -44 C→G SNP and the related haplotype (GGG) might play a protective role in the pathogenesis of PTB. Source

Zheng S.,Hangzhou Cancer Hospital | Huang K.-E.,Zhejiang University | Pan Y.-L.,Hangzhou Cancer Hospital | Zhou Y.,Hangzhou Cancer Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Gastric Cancer | Year: 2015

Background and aims: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumor of the digestive tract and characterized by expression of KIT protein. Imatinib is the frontline therapy for metastatic and unresectable GIST patients showing clinical responses in 80 % of cases. Despite the often long-lasting clinical benefit seen in most patients treated with imatinib, many will eventually suffer disease progression. The most frequent mechanism of imatinib resistance in GIST is the acquisition of secondary mutations in either KIT or PDGFRA. There are also some imatinib-resistant GIST patients lacking an identifiable mechanism of treatment failure. Recently, activating BRAF mutation was detected in a small percentage of GISTs. In this study, we report a case of GIST with acquired resistance to imatinib during therapy. Methods: Histological, immunohistochemical, Western blot and mutational analyses were performed on GIST tissues before and after imatinib resistance. Results: The imatinib-resistant tumor showed not only heterogeneous mutations of KIT and BRAF besides the primary mutation, but also transdifferentiation into a rhabdomyosarcoma phenotype. According to Western blot analysis, in imatinib-resistant GIST with both KIT V559D and BRAF V600E mutations, the inhibition of KIT V559D by imatinib caused a strong decrease of AKT phosphorylation, while ERK1/2 phosphorylation was not affected. Conclusions: This finding, in combination with the loss of KIT expression, suggests the possibility of activation of RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK pathways driven by a KIT-independent oncogenic mechanism. Understanding the genetic aberrations beyond KIT and PDGFRA may lead to the identification of additional therapeutic targets for GISTs. © 2014, The International Gastric Cancer Association and The Japanese Gastric Cancer Association. Source

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