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Han G.,Suzhou University | Tian Y.,Suzhou University | Duan B.,Tongji University | Sheng H.,National Engineering Center for Biochip at Shanghai Shanghai | And 2 more authors.
International journal of clinical and experimental pathology | Year: 2014

Although recent progress has been made in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer, the prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains poor. The identification of biomarkers for ESCC prognosis is important for treatment decisions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the expressions of Annexin A1 (ANXA1), three prime repair exonuclease 1 (TREX1) and apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease-1 (APE1) and clinical outcome of patients with ESCC. The expressions of ANXA1, TREX1 and APE1 in 93 pairs of ESCC and paracancerous tissues were tested using immunohistochemistry. ANX1, TREX1 and APE1 were dysregulated in ESCC. Nuclear expressions of ANXA1 and APE1 were significantly associated with pathologic type (P = 0.004 and 0.040, respectively). Patients with low expression of nuclear ANXA1 had a better prognosis than those with high expression of nuclear ANXA1 (HR = 0. 448, 95% CI 0.236-0.849, P = 0.014), especially for those with histologic grade 1 and 2 (HR = 0.303, 95% CI: 0.155-0.593, P < 0.001). In conclusion, nuclear ANXA1 may be potentially used as a prognostic biomarker for ESCC.

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