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Cao X.-Q.,Taizhou Central Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group | Lu H.-S.,Taizhou Central Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group | Zhang L.,Taizhou Central Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group | Chen L.-L.,Taizhou Central Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group | Gan M.-F.,Taizhou Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2014

Mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase kinase 3 (MEKK3) is an important protein kinase and a member of the MAPK family, which regulates cellular responses to environmental stress and serves as key integration points along the signal transduction cascade that not only link diverse extracellular stimuli to subsequent signaling molecules but also amplify the initiating signals to ultimately activate effector molecules and induce cell proliferation, differentiation and survival. To explore the relationship between MEKK3 and cell apoptosis, clinicopathology and prognosis, we characterize the expression of MEKK3 and survivin in cervical cancer. MEKK3 and survivin expression was measured by RT-PCR and Western blotting of fresh surgical resections from 30 cases of cervical cancer and 25 cases of chronic cervicitis. Protein expression was detected by tissue microarray and immunochemistry (En Vision) in 107 cases of cervical cancer, 86 cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), and 35 cases of chronic cervicitis. Expression patterns were analyzed for their association with clinicopathological factors and prognosis in cervical cancer. Expression of MEKK3 and survivin mRNA was significantly higher in cervical cancer than in the controls (p<0.05). MEKK3 and survivin expression differed significantly between cervical carcinoma, CIN, and cervicitis (p<0.05) and correlated with clinical stage, infiltration depth, and lymph node metastasis (p<0.05). MEKK3 expression was positively correlated with survivin (p<0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that MEKK3 and survivin expression, lymph node metastasis, depth of invasion, and FIGO stage reduce cumulative survival. Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that MEKK3, survivin, and clinical staging are independent prognostic factors in cervical cancer (p<0.05). Expression of MEKK3 and survivin are significantly increased in cervical cancer, their overexpression participating in the occurrence and development of cervical cancer, with protein expression and clinical staging acting as independent prognostic factors for patients with cervical cancer. Source


Tao D.,Luqiao Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group | Pan Y.,Taizhou Central Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group and 999 Donghai Road | Jiang G.,Luqiao Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group | Lu H.,Taizhou Central Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group | And 3 more authors.
Medical Oncology | Year: 2015

Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women worldwide, which is closely related to metastasis. Recent studies argue that breast cancer cells that have undergone epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) acquire aggressive malignant properties, but the molecular mechanisms underlying this transition are poorly understood. In this study, we found that siRNA-mediated attenuation of B-Myb expression restored E-cadherin expression and cell–cell junction formation in breast cancer cells, suppressing cell invasion, anchorage-independent growth, and tumor formation. In contrast, the forced B-Myb expression decreased the expression of the epithelial marker E-cadherin, but increased the mesenchymal markers in breast cancer cells. We found that B-Myb upregulated expression of the key EMT regulator snail and that it mediated EMT activation and cell invasion by B-Myb. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source


Wang N.,Shaoxing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Lu H.,Taizhou Central Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group | Chen W.,Taizhou Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group | Gan M.,Taizhou Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology | Year: 2014

Microcephalin 1 (MCPH1) gene, initially identified as an hTERT repressor, result in two autosomal recessive disorders: primary microcephaly and premature chromosome condensation syndrome. Recently, several studies have found that MCPH1 has also been shown to be downregulated in several different types of human cancers, suggesting that it could also function as a tumor suppressor gene and a novel molecular biomarker of human cancers. To investigate its potential role in the human renal carcinoma progression, we evaluated the expression of protein MCPH1 in 188 renal cancer and 20 normal renal tissues from 188 patients with renal cancer and 20 healthy persons by immunohistochemistry. Positive MCPH1 staining was found in all normal renal samples and partly in cancerous tissues. But MCPH1-positive cells resulted significantly lower in renal carcinoma tissues compared with normal tissues. We further observed that overexpression of MCPH1 decreased cellular proliferation, cell migration and invasion and induced cell apoptosis, indicating it is tumor suppressor. Using bioinformatics approaches and luciferase reporter assay, we showed that the 3'-UTR of MCPH1 harbors two non-overlapping functional seed regions for miR-27 which negatively regulated its level. The expression level of miR-27a negatively correlated with the MCPH1 protein level in renal cancer. Our study indicates for the first time that, in addition to its role in brain development, MCPH1 also functions as a tumor suppressor gene and is directly regulated by miR-27a. Source


Tao D.,Luqiao Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group | Pan Y.,Taizhou Central Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group | Lu H.,Taizhou Central Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group | Zheng S.,Hangzhou Cancer Hospital | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology | Year: 2014

B-myb belongs to the myb family of transcription factors that include A-myb and c-myb. While A-myb and c-myb are tissue-specific, B-myb is broadly expressed in rapidly dividing cells of developing adult mammals. Results of our study showed that increased B-myb expression of was associated with the progression of breast cancer and that B-myb protein levels were significantly elevated in matched metastases. High B-myb levels also predict shorter overall survival of breast cancer patients. Moreover, B-myb stimulated transcription of target genes that promoted entry into the S and M-phases of the cell cycle, cell proliferation, migration and invasion in breast cancer. Taken together, our results strongly demonstrated that B-myb had a critical role in both cell cycle progression and tumorigenesis, and might serve as a novel potential target in the diagnosis and/or treatment of human breast cancer. Source


Lu H.,Taizhou Central Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group | Gan M.,Taizhou Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group | Cao X.,Taizhou Central Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group | Chen L.,Taizhou Central Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Group | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology | Year: 2014

Renal cancer ranks one of the most frequent causes of cancer death in the world. S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (SKP 2) is overexpressed in human tumors and has prognostic value in many cancers including renal cancer, indicating its potential as a therapeutic target. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic potential of Skp-2 in renal cancer using the technique of RNA silencing via short hairpin RNA (shRNA). Synthetic shRNA duplexes against Skp-2 were introduced to down-regulate the expression of Skp-2 in a highly malignant renal carcinoma cell line, ACHN. The results indicated that siRNA targeting of Skp-2 could lead to an efficient and specific inhibition of endogenous Skp-2 activity. Furthermore, we found that depletion of Skp-2 caused a dramatic cell cycle arrest, followed by massive apoptotic cell death, and eventually resulted in a significant decrease in growth, viability and tumor formation in renal cancer cell lines studied. Source

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