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Shi L.,Zhejiang Cancer Hospital | Zhang H.,Shanxi Medical University | Meng Y.-F.,University of Washington | Su J.-S.,Central Hospital of Taiyuan | Shao G.-L.,Zhejiang Cancer Hospital
Applied Magnetic Resonance | Year: 2010

The objective of this study is to determine differential diagnostic value of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in high-grade brain astrocytomas, brain solitary metastases and brain abscesses. 53 patients with cerebral solitary lesions which showed ring enhancement on contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images were enrolled in this study. Brain tissues were examined pathologically from 49 patients to confirm the cerebral occupational diseases. Four patients have been diagnosed with primary cancer plus brain solitary metastasis. DTI measurements were obtained from regions of interest placed on central cavity, white matter of the immediate peritumoral region (IPR) and cerebral white matter of the normal side. The cavity of high-grade astrocytoma and brain metastases displayed hypointense signals; most of the brain abscess cavities displayed high signal intensity except for one case with uneven signal intensity. Mean diffusivity (MD) and fractional anisotropy (FA) values could be used for differentiation between tumor and abscess in brain. The brain abscess cavities showed restricted diffusion and anisotropy [MD = (0.604 ± 0.13) × 10-3mm2s, FA = 0.185 ± 0.03], whereas the central portion of high-grade astrocytoma [MD = (2.76 ± 0.26) × 10-3mm2s, FA = 0.069 ± 0.02] and solitary brain metastases [MD = (2.82 ± 0.29) × 10-3mm2s, FA = 0.064 ± 0.02] showed unrestricted diffusion and isotropy. Brain abscess could be differentiated by MD and FA values in their cavities from brain tumors (P < 0.01). The IPRs were all depicted as hyperintense or isointense signals on diffusion-weighted imaging. The difference between FA values in the IPR of high-grade brain astrocytomas and other groups was statistically significant (P < 0.01). In conclusion, our results suggested the potential role of the cavity MD and FA values in the differential diagnoses of brain tumors and brain abscesses; meanwhile, high-grade astrocytomas could be distinguished from solitary metastases and abscesses by evaluating their corresponding FA values in the IPR on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Combined with conventional MRI, DTI may help radiologists to facilitate the differential diagnosis of ring-enhancing cerebral lesions in clinical practice. © 2010 Springer.

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