Taiwan Banana Research Institute

Pingtung, Taiwan

Taiwan Banana Research Institute

Pingtung, Taiwan
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News Article | September 27, 2017
Site: en.prnasia.com

TAIPEI, Taiwan, Sept. 27, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- The 1st edition of Asia Agri-Tech Expo & Forum is organised by UBM Asia, co-organised by Council of Agriculture of Taiwan (COA) and is being held in parallel with Livestock Taiwan and Aquaculture Taiwan from 28th-30th September, 2017 at Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center. The event has attracted 194 exhibitors from 16 countries and regions and is expecting to welcome over 8,000 unique visitors from across the world. While buyer groups will be visiting from Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, Myanmar and other countries. Taiwan Agricultural Technology Pavilion: the event co-organiser COA will select and present their list of 44 latest technologies from 10 major agricultural technology sectors to raise their international recognition and emphasise the influence and importance of Taiwanese agriculture, livestock, and aquaculture technologies, including bio-fertilizer/pesticide, seeds, seedlings, feed additives, vaccines detection & testing kits, etc. Taiwan Premium Seed and Seedling Pavilion: Organised by Taiwan Seeds Trade Association, high tolerant fruit, vegetable and flower seeds and seedlings will be displayed in the pavilion. While, Taiwan Banana Research Institute makes world debut of "Tai Banana No.7", the newly developed Cavendish Cultivar banana plantlet with moderate resistance to Foc TR4. Taiwan Agricultural Machinery Pavilion: Taiwan Agriculture Machinery Manufacturers Association will lead 15 manufacturers to showcase latest and customisable agriculture machineries. Antibiotic-free feed and feed additives: Antibiotic-free feed and feed additive brands from 23 countries and regions are being displayed at the expo. Animal health products and technologies will also be showcased by well-known animal medicine and vaccine companies in Taiwan. Besides, thematic conference topics on antibiotic free breeding delivered by industry pioneers are also being delivered by industrial professions onsite. Smart aquaculture: A vast array of exhibits like smart aquaculture application system which is developed by Taiwan's IT elites, latest bio-technology in feed and water additives, water quality control techniques, feed and feeding equipment, environment control units, aerators as well as disease and health management methods are being featured at Aquaculture Taiwan. In addition to the above, there are 40 professional conferences hosted by industry leaders and professors, which deliver first-hand industry development trend and innovative technologies to agricultural attendees from across the globe. To help attendees tailor their time at the show, matchmaking programme is also available onsite to enable attendees to find and connect with specific companies tailored to their business needs. Together, the 1st edition of Asia Agri-Tech Expo & Forum, Livestock Taiwan and Aquaculture Taiwan Expo & Forum hold a unique position in hosting an appreciable number of agriculture, livestock and aquaculture buyers alongside with industrial top companies and media. For more information about the Expo, please visit http://www.agritechtaiwan.com For media or exhibiting inquiries, please contact Owned by UBM plc, which is listed on the London Stock Exchange, UBM Asia is the largest trade show organiser in Asia. UBM Asia was awarded "Asia's Most Reliable Trade Show Organiser Award" in Hong Kong's Most Valuable Companies Awards (HKMVCA) 2016. About Council of Agriculture of Taiwan (www.coa.gov.tw) The Council of Agriculture is the competent authority on the agricultural, forestry, fishery, and animal husbandry and food affairs in Taiwan.


News Article | September 28, 2017
Site: en.prnasia.com

TAIPEI, Taiwan, Sept. 28, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Asia Agri-tech Expo & Forum and the co-located events Livestock Taiwan Expo & Forum and Aquaculture Taiwan Expo & Forum opened its doors today to visitors representing agriculture, livestock and aquaculture companies from over 36 countries and regions looking to source the latest in seeds, seedlings, agriculture machinery, feeds & feed additives and farm equipment. Ms. Sabine Liu, General Manager of UBM Asia Ltd., Taiwan Branch commented: "Due to climate change, food shortages and food safety issues, the extensive utilization of technology and biotechnology to improve agriculture product quality and production yield will be the future trend. This first edition of Asia Agri-tech Expo & Forum is focusing on 'Innovative, Eco-friendly, and Sustainable agriculture technologies which can help farmers to create unique products to meet special market demands. We anticipate that the exhibition will result in USD6.5 million of transactions." Asia Agri-tech Expo & Forum is being co-organised by UBM and Council of Agriculture, Taiwan Government (COA). The Taiwan Agriculture Technology Pavilion organised by COA showcases 44 of the latest technologies by 32 companies from 10 major agricultural sectors, including agriculture machinery, bio-fertilisers & pesticides, seeds, seedlings, feed additives, vaccines and detection & testing kits. The Taiwan Premium Seed and Seedling Pavilion organised by the Taiwan Seeds Trade Association features displays of high tolerant fruit, vegetable and flower seeds, while the Taiwan Banana Research Institute will make a world debut of 'Tai Banana NO.7', a newly developed Cavendish Cultivar banana plantlet with moderate resistance to Foc TR4. Meanwhile, Livestock Taiwan Expo & Forum and Aquaculture Taiwan Expo & Forum focus on the utilization of IoT (Internet of Things) technology and will feature automatic environment control, remote surveillance systems, smart livestock and aquaculture total solutions. In addition to the above, there are over 40 professional conferences hosted by industry leaders and professors from National Taiwan Ocean University, National Pingtung University of Science & Technology, Taiwan Alltech Co., Ltd., and Harvest Farm Group which deliver first-hand industry development trend and innovative technologies to agricultural attendees from across the globe. Asia Agri-tech Expo & Forum, Livestock Taiwan Expo & Forum and Aquaculture Taiwan Expo & Forum together form Taiwan's first premier international, professional B2B trading platform focussing on agriculture, livestock, and aquaculture technologies. The event is fully supported by 17 related associations from Taiwan and overseas. Owned by UBM plc, which is listed on the London Stock Exchange, UBM Asia is the largest trade show organiser in Asia. UBM Asia was awarded "Asia's Most Reliable Trade Show Organiser Award" in Hong Kong's Most Valuable Companies Awards (HKMVCA) 2016. About Council of Agriculture of Taiwan (www.coa.gov.tw) The Council of Agriculture is the competent authority on the agricultural, forestry, fishery, and animal husbandry and food affairs in Taiwan.


Molina A.B.,International Rice Research Institute | Sinohin V.O.,International Rice Research Institute | Fabregar E.G.,Lapanday Foods Corporation | Ramillete E.B.,Lapanday Foods Corporation | And 2 more authors.
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2016

Recent epidemics of Fusarium wilt, caused by the virulent strain tropical race 4 (TR4) of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc), pose a serious threat to the banana industry. Four Cavendish (AAA genome) somaclonal variants selections from Taiwan (GCTCV-105, GCTCV-119, GCTCV-218 and GCTCV-219) and three important Philippine local cultivars [Latundan (AAB genome, Silk subgroup), Lakatan (AAA genome, Lakatan subgroup) and Saba (ABB genome, Saba subgroup)], were compared to the commercial Cavendish Grand Naine (AAA genome, Cavendish subgroup) in a heavily Foc-infested soil in the southern Philippines. Experimental plots were planted with 10 tissue culture-derived seedlings, replicated 10 times, and arranged in a completely randomized design. Disease incidence was assessed weekly by monitoring early symptoms of yellowing of older leaves and/or other symptoms such as pseudostem splitting. Onset of disease symptoms was recorded. The infected plants were allowed to develop severe typical symptoms of Fusarium wilt (leaves showing clear yellowing, and marginal necroses appear on older leaves) and then checked for vascular necroses as confirmation. The commercially-grown cultivars Grand Naine and Lakatan showed susceptibility with a disease incidence of 64 and 76%, respectively, in the primary crop; and 79 and 92%, respectively in the ratoon crop. Disease incidence in the GCTCV cultivars ranged from 0-6% in the primary crop and 0-8% in the ratoon crop. Saba showed 0% incidence in the primary as well as in the ratoon crop. Foc VCG 01213/16, the Foc strain associated with TR4, was confirmed in the infected plants using a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)-based diagnostic tool. Results confirm the stability of resistant somaclones to Foc TR4, even in agroecosystems differing from those where these were first developed. They also show that selecting favorable somaclonal variants is a feasible approach in cultivar improvement, and they have a potential role in integrated Foc TR4 management. The study identifies the TR4-resistant cultivar Saba, showing that TR4 does not severely affect all cultivars.


Yip M.-K.,Academia Sinica, Taiwan | Lee S.-W.,Taiwan Banana Research Institute | Su K.-C.,Academia Sinica, Taiwan | Lin Y.-H.,Academia Sinica, Taiwan | And 2 more authors.
Plant Biotechnology Reports | Year: 2011

This study describes an efficient protocol for Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of two subgroups of genotype AAA bananas (Musa acuminata cv. Pei Chiao and Musa acuminata cv. Gros Michel). Instead of using suspension cells, cauliflower-like bud clumps, also known as multiple bud clumps (MBC), were induced from sucker buds on MS medium containing N6-Benzylaminopurine (BA), Thidiazuron (TDZ), and Paclobutrazol (PP333). Bud slices were co-cultivated with A. tumefaciens C58C1 or EHA105 that carry a plasmid containing Arabidopsis root-type ferredoxin gene (Atfd3) and a plant ferredoxin-like protein (pflp) gene, respectively. These two strains showed differences in transformation efficiency. The EHA105 strain was more sensitive in Pei Chiao, 51. 3% bud slices were pflp-transformed, and 12. 6% slices were Atfd3-transformed. Gros Michel was susceptible to C58C1 and the transformation efficiency is 4. 4% for pflp and 13. 1% for Atfd3. Additionally, gene integration of the putative pflp was confirmed by Southern blot. Resulting from the pathogen inoculation assay, we found that the pflp transgenic banana exhibited resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4. This protocol is highly advantageous to banana cultivars that have difficulties in setting up suspension cultures for the purpose of quality improvement through genetic transformation. In addition, this protocol would save at least 6 months in obtaining explants for transformation and reduce labor for weekly subculture in embryogenic cell suspension culture systems. © 2011 Korean Society for Plant Biotechnology and Springer.


Li M.H.,South China Agricultural University | Yang B.,University of Hawaii at Manoa | Leng Y.,North Dakota State University | Chao C.P.,Taiwan Banana Research Institute | And 4 more authors.
Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology | Year: 2011

Fusarium wilt of banana (Musa spp.), caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc), is one of the most important banana diseases. Three races (1, 2, 4) of Foc have been identified worldwide, but race 4 (especially tropical race 4, TR4) is the most destructive pathogen and has significant impacts on banana production in Taiwan and Southern China. To characterize the genetic relationship of Foc in these two regions, 55 isolates of Foc, including 18 from Taiwan and 37 from Hainan and Guangdong Provinces, were subjected to pathogenicity tests, race 4-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) diagnosis, and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis. One race 4 isolate from Australia, one race 1 isolate from Philippines, and 10 non-banana F. oxysporum isolates were also included in the study for comparison. Pathogenicity tests indicated that 16 and 21 isolates of Foc from Taiwan and Southern China, respectively, were pathogenic on Cavendish banana and classified as race 4, and the remaining isolates were identified as race 1. PCR amplification with race 4 and tropical race 4-specific primers confirmed that all of the race 4 isolates from Taiwan and Southern China were TR4. AFLP analysis with eight EcoRI-MseI primer combinations clustered the 67 F. oxysporum isolates analyzed into two major groups, one containing all race 4 isolates and the other consisting of race 1 isolates along with the non-banana F. oxysporum isolates. No significant divergence was observed among TR4 isolates from Southern China and Taiwan, suggesting that the TR4 isolates from Southern China might share the same lineage as those from Taiwan. © 2011 The Canadian Phytopathological Society.


Ho Y.-N.,National Chung Hsing University | Chiang H.-M.,National Chung Hsing University | Chao C.-P.,Taiwan Banana Research Institute | Su C.-C.,Taiwan Banana Research Institute | And 4 more authors.
Plant and Soil | Year: 2014

Aim: Fusarium wilt (Panama disease) caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4 (Foc TR4) is a soilborne disease that severely devastates the banana industry worldwide. We aimed to isolate beneficial endophytic bacterial strains against Panama disease.Methods: From different plant species, including reeds (Phragmites australis), vetiver grass (Chrysopogon zizanioides), and banana plants (Cavendish cv. Pei-Chiao, Cavendish cv. Formosana, and Musa sapientum cv. Rose), endophytes were screened and characterized. The diversity and community of endophytes within banana plants were analyzed by PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). The banana tissue culture plantlets were inoculated with the candidate endophyte, Burkholderia cenocepacia 869T2, and effects of in planta biocontrol were observed.Results: Endophytic B. cenocepacia 869T2 decreased the disease incidence of Fusarium wilt on treated banana plants to 3.4 %, comparing to 24.5 % of non-inoculated plants infected in the field test within a 7-month period. Furthermore, significant growth promoting of 869T2 inoculated banana plants was observed in field experiments.Conclusions: In addition to 869T2 genomic sequence data, our results suggest that the pyrrolnitrin and pyrroloquinoline quinone potential producer, B. cenocepacia 869T2, is a good biological control agent (BCA) for use in the biocontrol of Fusarium wilt and plant promotion. © 2014, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.


Lin Y.-H.,National Chung Hsing University | Su C.-C.,Taiwan Banana Research Institute | Chao C.-P.,Taiwan Banana Research Institute | Chen C.-Y.,National Chung Hsing University | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Plant Pathology | Year: 2013

The Fusarium genus causes devastating plant diseases worldwide, in which Fusarium oxysporum is the most serious crop pathogen. Disease monitoring is the basis of integrated pest management of any disease. The lack of rapid, accurate, and reliable device to detect and identify plant pathogens is one of the main limitations in integrated disease management. This study describes an efficient and quantifiable diagnosis method for the specific detection of F. oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc) race 4 in field-infected banana. With the optimized PCR parameters using the SCAR (sequence characterized amplified region) primers FocSc-1/FocSc-2 and a real-time PCR strategy, the developed method showed high reproducibility and was very sensitive to detect extremely low quantities of Foc genomic DNA (gDNA). We also found that Foc gDNA in severely symptomatic banana pseudostems and leaves were 6946-fold and 26. 69-fold more than in those of mild-symptomatic banana, respectively. © 2012 KNPV.


Chang C.M.,Taiwan Banana Research Institute | Chao C.P.,Taiwan Banana Research Institute | Huang S.N.,Taiwan Banana Research Institute | Chiang S.C.,Taiwan Banana Research Institute
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2011

Organic banana farming is an alternative to conventional banana production in Chinese Taipei. Results from a 10-year study on organic banana production at the organic farm of the Taiwan Banana Research Institute (TBRI) indicate that average incidence of Fusarium wilt for four Cavendish cultivars was 25.7% for the organic farming system, as compared to 66.9% for the conventional farming system. The lower incidence of Fusarium wilt in the organic system was considered to be associated with a positive change in the properties of the soil. Horticultural parameters at shooting did not show significant differences between organic and conventional banana, except for a lower number of healthy leaves in the organic banana. No differences in the post-harvest quality could be found between organic and conventional banana. A smaller bunch weight was recorded for the organic banana; however, more harvested bunches resulted in a higher overall yield in the organic farming system. Promotion of the organic farming system for adoption by more banana growers could enhance the sustainability of the Chinese Taipei banana industry.


Lee S.Y.,Taiwan Banana Research Institute | Su Y.U.,Taiwan Banana Research Institute | Chou C.S.,Taiwan Banana Research Institute | Liu C.C.,Taiwan Banana Research Institute | And 2 more authors.
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2011

The exploitation of somaclonal variation is an efficient approach to select improved Cavendish-type banana cultivars with superior horticultural traits and resistance to Fusarium wilt, caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense race 4 (Foc race 4) in Chinese Taipei. 'TC3-1035', an improved somaclonal variant of 'Tai-Chiao No. 3', was selected and released as a new banana cultivar 'Tai-Chiao No. 5' in 2007. It inherited the semi-dwarf status and moderate resistance to Foc race 4 of 'Tai-Chiao No. 3', but not the susceptibility to flower thrips, Thrips hawaiiensis, at shooting stage. It also has a higher yield potential. Under suitable field management, plant height of 'Tai-Chiao No. 5' is 2.7 m, and its fruit size, shape and yield capacity are as good as those of 'Pei-Chiao', which is the most widely planted Cavendish cultivar in Chinese Taipei. During the 7-year consecutive evaluation trials, Fusarium wilt incidence in 'Tai-Chiao No. 5' plants was 5-25% whereas 10-50% plants were affected in 'Pei-Chiao' established in the same infested plot. This is an indication of the stable resistance of 'Tai-Chiao No. 5' to Foc race 4. With additional benefit of easy ripening and good eating quality, 'Tai-Chiao No. 5' is now well accepted, both in the local and Japanese market. Currently, a total of 0.9 million tissue-culture plantlets, about 450 ha, have been released to banana growers in Chinese Taipei.

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