Chen T.-Y.,Tainan City Government |
Chen T.-Y.,National Cheng Kung University |
Chen Y.-K.,National Cheng Kung University |
Tseng P.-K.,Building Management Section of Public Works Bureau |
And 3 more authors.
WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment | Year: 2014
This empirical research is based on the relevant theoretical research and previous circumstances to develop a case study to explore in space planning for disaster prevention and relief. The research aims to establish a database system of disaster prevention and rescue sites for urban disaster prevention planning in Tainan metropolis, Taiwan. Historical data of Tainan metropolis were analyzed to construct a customized disaster information system. Through constructing a disaster prevention and rescue site system, a service size of fundamental refuge rings in Tainan metropolis was calculated, and influences on hazard sites and potentials of flood hazard toward refuge sites were evaluated. Using the software of MapInfo as an external platform for the database and MapBasis as internal system content, we develop a customized model for Tainan metropolis based on its refuge shelters, hazard sites, rescue locations, route system, and resources. The system provides city government officers and rescue sectors with space information, specific site inquiry, and detailed information of a particular site. This research also proposes some strategies for space planning on disaster prevention and rescue sites. © 2013 WIT Press.
Chien L.-C.,National Yang Ming University |
Hsu H.-C.,National Cheng Kung University |
Lin C.-H.,National Yang Ming University |
Cheng C.-F.,Tainan City Government |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of the Formosan Medical Association | Year: 2012
Background/Purpose: An intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) is an alternative device for airway control, capable of providing effective ventilation in various situations. The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of the ILMA and bag-valve-mask (BVM) ventilation devices on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. Methods: An ILMA training course was conducted by emergency medical technicians (EMTs). Before training, OHCA patients had received BVM ventilation; these patients were defined as the BVM group. After training, all EMTs in the area being served were instructed to immediately use an ILMA on OHCA patients when possible; these patients were defined as the ILMA group. Demographics, transport time, first arterial blood gas data, and the short-term outcomes of these two groups were analyzed. Results: A total of 398 OHCA patients (89 in the BVM group and 309 in the ILMA group) were analyzed. All of the EMTs passed the training course, and ILMAs were used in the emergency settings. The ILMA was applied to each OHCA patient for a longer-than-average field time than the BVM (9.5 vs. 7.8 minutes, p=0.006). The 24-hour survival rate of the ILMA-treated patients was significantly higher than BVM-treated patients (36.2% vs. 24.7%, p=0.033). Conclusion: Well-trained EMTs were able to insert the ILMA and ventilate OHCA patients properly in prehospital settings, and ILMA-treated OHCA patients had better short-term outcomes than BVM-treated patients. © 2012.