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Tainan, Taiwan

Chen L.-K.,National Yang Ming University | Chen L.-K.,Taipei Veterans General Hospital | Inoue H.,Welfare and Labour | Won C.-W.,Kyung Hee University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Gerontology and Geriatrics | Year: 2013

In conclusion, all five major metropolitans in Taiwan (Taipei City, New Taipei City, Taichung City, Tainan City, and Kaohsiung City) are all facing the imminent age population problem, and all of the five civil governments are in the initial phase of putting into place their own age-friendly city policies. To design individual future agefriendly city projects, the year 2015 is expected to be a key threshold where Taiwan will be entering into an aged society by any definition. Therefore, all public sectors in Taiwan are now aiming to better prepare for this impending demographic trend. Copyright © 2013, Asia Pacific League of Clinical Gerontology & Geriatrics. Published by Elsevier Taiwan LLC. All rights reserved.

Liu J.-L.,Tajen University | Chen J.-Y.,St Joseph Hospital | Chen C.-T.,Chang Gung University | Wang J.-H.,Chang Gung University | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia) | Year: 2012

Background and Aims: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is reported to be associated with or to cause type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Our study aimed to elucidate the role of triglyceride (TG) and cholesterol (CHOL) levels in the association between anti-HCV seropositivity and T2DM in an HCV-endemic area. Methods: We analyzed a computerized dataset of 56338 residents from a community-based comprehensive screening program in Tainan County in southern Taiwan. Fasting glucose, anti-HCV status, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) status, platelet counts, TG levels, CHOL levels, age, gender, and body mass index were included in the analyses. Multivariate logistic analysis was used to identify factors independently associated with T2DM. Results: Older age, being overweight, thrombocytopenia, hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, anti-HCV seropositivity, and HBsAg seronegativity were common factors independently associated with diabetes. Among all models of multiple logistic regression analysis used for identifying factors independently associated with T2DM, anti-HCV seropositivity was only identified in the models that included either hypertriglyceridemia or hypercholesterolemia. When subjects were divided into hyperlipidemia (CHOL, >200 or TG, >150mg/dL; n=33393) or non-hyperlipidemia subgroups (CHOL, <200 and TG, <150mg/dL; n=22945), anti-HCV seropositivity was identified as an independent factor only in the non-hyperlipidemia subgroup. The odds ratio was 1.35, with a 95% confidence interval of 1.17-1.55. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that the lipid level is associated with the relationship between T2DM and anti-HCV seropositivity in non-hyperlipidemic individuals. However, the relationship between HCV and T2DM did not exist when the lipid level was not included in the analysis. © 2012 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

Lee Y.-C.,National Pingtung University of Science and Technology | Kung H.-F.,Tajen University | Wu C.-H.,National Kaohsiung Marine University | Hsu H.-M.,Tainan City Government | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Food and Drug Analysis | Year: 2016

An incident of food-borne poisoning causing illness in 37 victims due to ingestion of fried fish sticks occurred in September 2014, in Tainan city, southern Taiwan. Leftovers of the victims' fried fish sticks and 16 other raw fish stick samples from retail stores were collected and tested to determine the occurrence of histamine and histamine-forming bacteria. Two suspected fried fish samples contained 86.6 mg/100 g and 235.0 mg/100 g histamine; levels that are greater than the potential hazard action level (50 mg/100 g) in most illness cases. Given the allergy-like symptoms of the victims and the high histamine content in the suspected fried fish samples, this food-borne poisoning was strongly suspected to be caused by histamine intoxication. Moreover, the fish species of suspected samples was identified as milkfish (Chanos chanos), using polymerase chain reaction direct sequence analysis. In addition, four of the 16 commercial raw milkfish stick samples (25%) had histamine levels greater than the US Food & Drug Administration guideline of 5.0 mg/100 g for scombroid fish and/or products. Ten histamine-producing bacterial strains, capable of producing 373-1261 ppm of histamine in trypticase soy broth supplemented with 1.0% L-histidine, were identified as Enterobacter aerogenes (4 strains), Enterobacter cloacae (1 strain), Morganella morganii (2 strains), Serratia marcescens (1 strain), Hafnia alvei (1 strain), and Raoultella orithinolytica (1 strain), by 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing with polymerase chain reaction amplification. © 2015, Food and Drug Administration, Taiwan. Published by Elsevier Taiwan LLC.

Chien L.-C.,National Yang Ming University | Hsu H.-C.,National Cheng Kung University | Lin C.-H.,National Yang Ming University | Cheng C.-F.,Tainan City Government | And 4 more authors.
Journal of the Formosan Medical Association | Year: 2012

Background/Purpose: An intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) is an alternative device for airway control, capable of providing effective ventilation in various situations. The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of the ILMA and bag-valve-mask (BVM) ventilation devices on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. Methods: An ILMA training course was conducted by emergency medical technicians (EMTs). Before training, OHCA patients had received BVM ventilation; these patients were defined as the BVM group. After training, all EMTs in the area being served were instructed to immediately use an ILMA on OHCA patients when possible; these patients were defined as the ILMA group. Demographics, transport time, first arterial blood gas data, and the short-term outcomes of these two groups were analyzed. Results: A total of 398 OHCA patients (89 in the BVM group and 309 in the ILMA group) were analyzed. All of the EMTs passed the training course, and ILMAs were used in the emergency settings. The ILMA was applied to each OHCA patient for a longer-than-average field time than the BVM (9.5 vs. 7.8 minutes, p=0.006). The 24-hour survival rate of the ILMA-treated patients was significantly higher than BVM-treated patients (36.2% vs. 24.7%, p=0.033). Conclusion: Well-trained EMTs were able to insert the ILMA and ventilate OHCA patients properly in prehospital settings, and ILMA-treated OHCA patients had better short-term outcomes than BVM-treated patients. © 2012.

Kuo Y.-H.,Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital | Kuo Y.-H.,Chang Gung University | Tsai M.-C.,Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital | Tsai M.-C.,Chang Gung University | And 9 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2016

This study was to evaluate the association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and chronic virus hepatitis elders in the community. Those subjects with positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and/or anti-hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) screened in the community before were invited to this study and 451 responded. All participants underwent anthropometric measurements, blood tests, ultrasound and fibroscan examinations. The cut-off of liver stiffness measurement-liver cirrhosis (LSM-LC) was 10 kPa for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients and 12 kPa for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients, respectively. Among 451 responders, 56 were excluded due to negative HBsAg or anti-HCV. Three hundreds and ninety-five subjects included 228 CHB patients, 156 CHC patients and 11 dual hepatitis patients, had a mean age of 62±12.6 years. Fifty-four (23.7%) CHB patients coexisted with MetS whereas 40 (25.6%) CHC patients also had MetS. Those patients with MetS had more LSM-LC cases than those without (20.4% vs 9.8%, p = 0.04 in CHB patients; 28.2% vs 13.5%, p = 0.037 in CHC patients, respectively). In multivariate logistic analysis, detectable viremia was reversely associated with MetS in CHB patients after adjustment for age, gender and body mass index (odds ratio (OR): 0.42; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.18-0.99; p = 0.047). Regarding CHC patients, higher LSM level was the only factor contributed to MetS (OR: 1.1; 95% CI: 1.02-1.19; p = 0.012). In conclusion, elder CHB patients coexisted with MetS might experience an inactive virus replication but have an advanced liver fibrosis. In elder CHC patients, only higher LSM level was associated with MetS. © 2016 Kuo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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