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Taichung, Taiwan

Chiu S.C.,Taichung Tzu Chi Hospital | Huang S.Y.,Mackay Memorial Hospital | Chen S.P.,Tzu Chi Stem Cells Center | Su C.C.,Changhua Christian Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases | Year: 2013

BACKGROUND:Tanshinone IIA (Tan-IIA) is one of the major lipophilic components isolated from the root of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix. We explored the mechanisms of cell death induced by Tan-IIA treatment in prostate cancer cells in vitro and in vivo.METHODS:Cells were treated with Tan-IIA and growth inhibition was assessed. Cell cycle profiles after Tan-IIA treatment were determined by flow cytometry. Expression levels of cell cycle regulatory proteins and apoptosis-related proteins were determined after Tan-IIA treatment. Expression levels of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-regulated genes were determined to investigate their role in Tan-IIA-induced cell death. GADD153 expression was knocked down by small interfering RNA (siRNA) transfection. Rate of cell death and proliferation was obtained by 3-(4,5-dimethyl thizol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay. Antitumor activity of Tan-IIA was performed in LNCaP xenograft model.RESULTS:Our results showed that Tan-IIA caused prostate cancer cell death in a dose-dependent manner, and cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase was noted, in LNCaP cells. The G0/G1 phase arrest correlated with increase levels of CDK inhibitors (p16, p21 and p27) and decrease of the checkpoint proteins. Tan-IIA also induced ER stress in prostate cancer cells: activation and nuclear translocation of GADD153/CCAAT/enhancer- binding protein-homologous protein (CHOP) were identified, and increased expression of the downstream molecules GRP78/BiP, inositol-requiring protein-1 and GADD153/CHOP were evidenced. Blockage of GADD153/CHOP expression by siRNA reduced Tan-IIA-induced cell death in LNCaP cells. Tan-IIA also suppressed LNCaP xenograft tumor growth, causing 86.4% reduction in tumor volume after 13 days of treatment.CONCLUSIONS:Our findings suggest that Tan-IIA causes G0/G1 cell cycle arrest in LNCaP cells and its cytotoxicity is mediated at least partly by ER stress induction. These data provide evidence supporting Tan-IIA as a potential anticancer agent by inducing ER stress in prostate cancer. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved. Source

Tsai C.-F.,Asia University, Taiwan | Yeh W.-L.,Changhua Christian Hospital | Chen J.-H.,Taichung Tzu Chi Hospital | Lin C.,China Medical University at Taichung | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2014

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common type of primary and malignant tumor occurring in the adult central nervous system. GBM often invades surrounding regions of the brain during its early stages, making successful treatment difficult. Osthole, an active constituent isolated from the dried C. monnieri fruit, has been shown to suppress tumor migration and invasion. However, the effects of osthole in human GBM are largely unknown. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is important for the metastasis of cancer cells. Results from this study show that osthole can not only induce cell death but also inhibit phosphorylation of FAK in human GBM cells. Results from this study show that incubating GBM cells with osthole reduces matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 expression and cell motility, as assessed by cell transwell and wound healing assays. This study also provides evidence supporting the potential of osthole in reducing FAK activation, MMP-13 expression, and cell motility in human GBM cells. © 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source

Hsu M.-Y.,National Tsing Hua University | Chen S.-J.,Taipei Veterans General Hospital | Chen K.-H.,National Tsing Hua University | Hung Y.-C.,Taichung Veterans General Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Lab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology | Year: 2015

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the capacity of paper-based ELISA (P-ELISA) to monitor VEGF in patients requiring treatment for vision-threatening diseases. The most commonly encountered vision-threatening diseases are age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and diabetic retinopathy (DR), both of which may require short-term or life-long anti-VEGF injection treatment therapy. Accurate measurement of VEGF concentration in aqueous humor can provide significant and timely information to diagnose the disease state. Adequate and precise therapy may consequently be provided. At odds with conventional diagnostic approaches is the fact that a maximum of only 200 microliters of aqueous humor can be safely removed from the eye for testing. Fortunately, new diagnostic platforms, such as P-ELISA, require only minute volumes, i.e., approximately 2 microliters per test "well" and approximately 40 microliters total to quantify VEGF levels, and the testing process takes less than an hour. Thus, point-of-care (POC) diagnostics, such as P-ELISA, should be examined and improved upon as needed in order to develop an efficient tool for outpatient clinics and others to obtain semi-quantitative results that might facilitate accurate dosing of anti-VEGF treatment and delay or prevent the progression of AMD and DR. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015. Source

Wu M.-S.,Taichung Tzu Chi Hospital | Su S.-F.,Hungkuang University
Journal of Nursing | Year: 2016

Aging frequently induces degenerative changes in the spine. Patients who suffer from lumbar degenerative disease tend to have lower back pain, neurological claudication, and neuropathy. Furthermore, incontinence may be an increasing issue as symptoms become severe. Lumbar spine fusion surgery is necessary if clinical symptoms continue to worsen or if the patient fails to respond to medication, physical therapy, or alternative treatments. However, this surgical procedure frequently induces adjacent segment disease (ASD), which is evidenced by the appearance of pathological changes in the upper and lower sections of the spinal surgical sites. In 1997, ISOBAR TTL dynamic rod stabilization was developed for application in spinal fusion surgery to prevent ASD-related complications. The device has proven effective in reducing pain in the lower back and legs, decreasing functional disability, improving quality of life, and retarding disc degeneration. However, the effectiveness of this intervention in decreasing the incidence of ASD requires further research investigation, and relevant literature and research in Taiwan is still lacking. This article discusses lumbar degenerative disease, its indications, the contraindications of lumbar spine fusion surgery using ISOBAR, and related postoperative nursing care. We hope this article provides proper and new knowledge to clinical nurses for the care of patients undergoing lumbar spine fusion surgery with ISOBAR. Source

Wu C.-C.,National Yang Ming University | Wang C.-K.,Asia University, Taiwan | Chen Y.-C.,Asia University, Taiwan | Lin T.-H.,Taichung Tzu Chi Hospital | And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

IscR, an Fe - S cluster-containing transcriptional factor, regulates genes involved in various cellular processes. In response to environmental stimuli such as oxidative stress and iron levels, IscR switches between its holo and apo forms to regulate various targets. IscR binding sequences are classified into two types: the type 1 IscR box that is specific for holo-IscR binding, and the type 2 IscR box that binds holo- and apo-IscR. Studying Klebsiella pneumoniae CG43S3, we have previously shown that iron availability regulates capsular polysaccharide (CPS) biosynthesis and iron-acquisition systems. The present study investigated whether IscR is involved in this regulation. Compared with that in CG43S3, the amount of CPS was decreased in AP001 (ΔiscR) or AP002 (iscR3CA), a CG43S3-derived strain expressing mutated IscR mimicked apo-IscR, suggesting that only holo-IscR activates CPS biosynthesis. Furthermore, a promoter-reporter assay verified that the transcription of cps genes was reduced in AP001 and AP002. Purified IscR::His6, but not IscR3CA::His6, was also found to bind the predicted type 1 IscR box specifically in the cps promoter. Furthermore, reduced siderophore production was observed in AP004 (Δfur-ΔiscR) but not in AP005 (Dfur-iscR3CA), implying that apo-IscR activates iron acquisition. Compared with those in AP004, mRNA levels of three putative iron acquisition systems (fhu, iuc, and sit) were increased in AP005, and both purified IscR::His6and IscR3CA::His6bound the predicted type 2 IscR box in the fhuA, iucA, and sitA promoters, whereas IscR3CA::His6displayed a lower affinity. Finally, we analyzed the effect of external iron levels on iscR expression. The transcription of iscR was increased under iron-depleted conditions as well as in AP001 and AP002, suggesting an auto-repression exerted by apo-IscR. Our results show that in K. pneumoniae, IscR plays a dual role in the regulation of CPS biosynthesis and iron-acquisition systems in response to environmental iron availability. Copyright: © 2014 Wu et al. Source

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