Medina, Saudi Arabia
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Wazirali R.A.,University of Technology, Sydney | Alzughaibi A.D.,Taiba University | Chaczko Z.,University of Technology, Sydney
International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications | Year: 2014

The report revolve on building construction engineering and management, in which there are a lot of requirements such as well supervision and accuracy and being in position to forecast uncertainties that may arise and mechanisms to solve them. It also focuses on the way the building and construction can minimise the cost of building and wastages of materials. The project will be based of heuristic methods of Artificial Intelligence (AI). There are various evolution methods, but report focus on two experiments Pattern Recognition and Travelling Salesman Problem (TSP). The Pattern Recognition focuses Evolutionary Support Vector Machine Inference System for Construction Management. The construction is very dynamic are has a lot of uncertainties, no exact data this implies that the inference should change according to the environment so that it can fit the reality, therefore there a need of Support Vector Machine Inference System to solve these problems. TSP focus on reducing cost of building construction engineering and also reduces material wastages, through its principals of finding the minimum cost path of the salesman.

Addasi J.S.M.,Tafila Technical University | Addasi J.S.M.,Taiba University
Acta Physica Polonica A | Year: 2012

The four-level model is used to study the nonlinear media with coincident absorption and emission bands in both principal (S0-S1) and excited (T1-T2) channels. The excitation of molecules occurred by two light fields: radiations with intensity I12 at frequency ω0 tuned at the centre of absorption band of principal singlet-singlet channel and radiations with intensity I34 at frequency ω tuned at the centre of absorption band of excited triplet-triplet channel. The monotonic dependence of phase response of media in both principal and excited channels and the saturation processes are studied theoretically and numerically for four-level mode.

PubMed | Taiba University and Zagazig University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Arab journal of urology | Year: 2015

To assess the possibility of using cytological examination and DNA image-analysis of testicular fine-needle aspirates instead of open surgical biopsy in the investigation of infertile men, as testicular biopsy has long been used for investigating infertility but the interpretation of histological slides is usually subjective.Thirty-three men (aged 22-36years) were evaluated for infertility and underwent both open biopsy and fine-needle aspiration of their testes. Subsequently, the needle aspirates were assessed histopathologically and cytologically, and by DNA image cytometry. The percentages of haploid, diploid and tetraploid cells were determined for each patient.The cases were divided into four categories: (1) Complete spermatogenesis, with a DNA pattern of 1n>2n>4n; (2) Maturation arrest, with a DNA pattern of 2n>4n with no haploid cells; (3) Sertoli cell-only syndrome, with a DNA pattern of only 2n, with no haploid or tetraploid cells; (4) Hypospermatogenesis, with a variable DNA pattern, i.e. mild with 1n>2n, moderate with 2n>1n>4n, and marked where the DNA pattern was 2n>4n>1n. From the cytological and DNA image-analysis of the aspirate a diagnosis was possible that had a strong correlation with the histological diagnosis of the same case. From image analysis we could exclude interstitial cells, Sertoli cells and sperms on the static image, and differentiate between spermatozoa and spermatids based on morphological characteristics in the cytological smear. This technique can therefore be used to quantitatively determine the percentages of various cell types within the seminiferous tubules. By coupling image ploidy analysis and cytological examination of a cytological smear, spermatogenesis can be assessed accurately.Image cytometry could be used to exclude interstitial cells, Sertoli cells and sperms on the static image and so produce an accurate assessment of spermatogenesis. A combination of ploidy and cell morphology characteristics in cytological smears provides an accurate, reproducible and easily used alternative to open testicular biopsy.

Maerz N.H.,Missouri University of Science and Technology | Aqeel A.M.,Taiba University | Anderson N.,Missouri University of Science and Technology
Environmental and Engineering Geoscience | Year: 2015

Vertical or sub-vertical discontinuities striking parallel to rock cuts are dangerous because toppling and spontaneous raveling failures can initiate from these surfaces, creating hazards below. At the same time, the surfaces of these discontinuities are often concealed because they do not 'daylight' into the rock, and any trace of the discontinuity that might be seen at the top of the rock cut is obscured by overburden. These hidden discontinuities can often be detected by ground penetrating radar (GPR). Our new method uses GPR in conjunction with terrestrial LIDAR (light detection and ranging) to accurately measure the orientation of these hidden discontinuities. The method presented in this article establishes three control points on the surface of the rock cut. At each control point the global coordinates are remotely measured using LIDAR. GPR soundings at each control point are used to measure 'the perpendicular horizontal distance' (depth) from each control point on the rock cut face to any discontinuities hidden behind the rock cut face. The true perpendicular distance is added to the GPR coordinates at each control point to form three new control points on the surface of each of the hidden discontinuities. Using the three-point method, the orientation of the hidden discontinuity is calculated.

Torky M.A.,Al - Azhar University of Egypt | Torky M.A.,Taiba University | Anil S.,King Saud University
Pediatric Dental Journal | Year: 2014

Objective: This study compares the apical seal and marginal adaptation of an MTA apical plug in incisors obturated at three time intervals. Method: Forty extracted central incisors were prepared with wide apex and divided into 4 groups. The first group was obturated with gutta-percha and AH26 sealer, which served as the positive control. The second group received an MTA apical plug and obturation immediately. In the third and fourth group, obturation was delayed for 48 h and one week, respectively. The apical seal was assessed by the dye penetration method and quantified using image analysis software. The marginal adaptation was studied using SEM. Results: A significantly better apical seal was observed in the groups obturated after 48 h and one week after MTA placement. The dye penetration did not show any significant changes between the 48 h and one week groups. The marginal adaptation also showed a minimal gap in the control and in samples with delayed obturation. Conclusion: Based on this in vitro study, delaying obturation for 48 h after setting the MTA is recommended for maximum apical sealing and marginal adaptation. Copyright © 2014 The Japanese Society of Pediatric Dentistry.

Wanassi B.,University of Monastir | Azzouz B.,University of Monastir | Hassen M.B.,University of Monastir | Hassen M.B.,Taiba University
Industrial Crops and Products | Year: 2016

In the spinning industry, waste yarns are generally forsaken or sale at low prices. The main purpose of this study is to give an added value to this waste and produce a new low cost yarn based on recycled yarn fibers. The first part of this study investigated the effect of the raw material and the recycling process taking into account the cut length (L) and the passage number (N) on the final quality of reclaimed fibers. The effect of different factors on the count of Neps (Neps), mean length (L), short fiber content (SFC), Upper Quartile Length (UQL), and weight yield (R) were examined by using design of experimental method. In the second part of this work, the highest quality fibers (Neps = 260Cnt/g, SFC = 26%, UQL = 23.9 mm, L = 18 mm and R = 61.20%) were selected for this project. They were spun with a ratio cotton/recycling cotton 50/50 into a three account (Ne 10, Ne 15 and Ne 20). Comparing with the 100% cotton yarn, the blended yarn has similar physical and mechanical properties and it has a lower cost yarn since we can increase the total value of the yarn more than 33.5%. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

Maddouri S.S.,Taiba University | Ghazouani F.,Tunis el Manar University | Samoud F.B.,Tunis el Manar University
2014 1st International Conference on Advanced Technologies for Signal and Image Processing, ATSIP 2014 | Year: 2014

We present in this paper two hybrid segmentation methods of handwritten Arabic script. Both methods allow the segmentation of Arabic document in text lines and the segmentation of the text line into Pieces of Arabic Words (PAWs) respectively. The particularity of these two methods is that both use a combination with Mathematical Morphology (MM). The first method uses the (MM) in the first hand and the algorithm of construction of the Outer Isothetic Cover of a digital object (OIC) named MM-OIC in the second hand. The second method combines Hough Transform (HT) and MM called HT-MM. The two proposed methods are evaluated to the three databases : IFN/ENIT-database, BSB and KSU online databases. The impact of the MM on the two proposed methods is then discussed. © 2014 IEEE.

Azmi A.M.,King Saud University | Alsaiari A.,Taiba University
Computers in Human Behavior | Year: 2014

Studies have shown a correlation between reading comprehension and the visual appearance of the displayed text. One of the factors that affect the visual look of a text is its alignment. The purpose of this paper is to develop and implement a sophisticated algorithm to output a properly justified Arabic text. Most of the tools geared for e-document have not been tailored with Arabic in mind. And so, these either violate several calligraphic rules, or are a far cry from the aesthetics developed by the centuries old tradition of Arabic calligraphy. The scheme we developed is more realistic calligraphically and more pleasing aesthetically. It is a two-step process. Lines are populated with whole words, afterwards we use alternate form of the letters to compress or stretch the line as needed. In the second step we use kashida (elongation of the connecting line between the letters) to fill in the remaining gaps. There are strict rules which dictate which, when, and the minimum/maximum length of the kashida a word can have. We tested our justified Arabic text on university students. The experiment revealed the participants were able to read faster and had a better comprehension when presented with our justified text. The scheme we devised could be extended to other languages which share the basic Arabic script, e.g. Persian, and Urdu. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Domiaty M.A.E.,Taiba University | Al-gaidi S.A.,Taiba University | Elayat A.A.,Taiba University | Safwat M.D.E.,Taiba University | Galal S.A.,Taiba University
Forensic Science International | Year: 2010

In the past decades, lip-print studies (cheiloscopy) attracted the attention of many scientists as a new tool for human identification in both civil and criminal issues. The present work aimed to study in depth the lip prints of Saudi individuals (males and females) in Almadinah Almonawarah province. It is the first chieloscopic study done on Saudi individuals. A total of 966 Saudi persons, including 13 identical twins and 19 families, were included in the study. Red or brown lip sticks, white copy papers and tissue papers were used to take the impressions of the lips by different methods. Each lip print was divided into six topographic areas, examined by magnifying hand lenses, then photographed and examined by the picture manager and fax viewer programs. A modification of the Renaud's classification 1973 was used to classify the types of grooves and the results were statistically analysed. Throughout the whole work, no identically similar lip-print pattern appeared in two subjects. Few prints (9.63% of both sexes) showed one type of grooves in all areas of the lips (12.59% of females and 5.87% of males), but two or more types of grooves were commonly seen in different areas of the print. A total of 72.67% of prints showed the same groove pattern in the upper right and upper left areas (78.89% of females and 64.79% of males), while 75.36% of the prints showed the same groove pattern in the lower right and lower left areas (74.81% of females and 76.06% of males). Nine types of grooves were recorded in Saudi lips. The groove type, horizontal with other forms, was the highest recorded (68.7% in females and 42.7% in males) followed by the complete bifurcated, complete branched, reticular, complete vertical, incomplete bifurcated, X or comma form, incomplete vertical, in descending order. The horizontal type was the least recorded one and appeared only in females. Dissimilar lip-print patterns were detected among different individuals of families. Non-identical lip-print patterns were recorded in identical twins. The present study described in detail the lip-print patterns of both males and females at Almadinah Almonawarah province and confirmed that the lip-print pattern is unique for each individual even in twins and family relatives. According to this finding, it is recommended to establish a database for all individuals in a certain locality, hoping to be a reference in civil litigations and criminal cases. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

PubMed | Taiba University
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Saudi medical journal | Year: 2015

We report a 10-year-old Saudi girl who has Fanconi anemia (FA) and was admitted due to acute hemiplegia, of the right side. She had a previous attack of left side hemiplegia that resolved spontaneously. The brain magnetic resonance angiography showed a cerebrovascular pattern of moyamoya disease. She underwent partially matched related donor stem cell transplantation (SCT), but unfortunately died 3 months later with post SCT complications. The association of moyamoya disease with FA is uncommon, and is rarely reported in the literature. Although this condition may be acquired, it is considered a truly congenital defect in FA, and to identify the etiology of this association furthermore genetic mutation analysis is needed.

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