Xin Q.,Jining Medical University |
Cheng B.,Jining Medical University |
Pan Y.,Jining Medical University |
Liu H.,Taian Medical University |
And 3 more authors.
Acute inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenic progression of post-ischemic neuronal damage. Apelin-13 has been investigated as a neuropeptide for various neurological disorders. The present study was performed to evaluate the effects of apelin-13 on the inflammation of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Transient focal I/R model in male Wistar rats were induced by 2 h middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) followed by 24 h reperfusion. Rats then received treatment with apelin-13 or vehicle after ischemia at the onset of reperfusion. The neurological deficit was evaluated and the infarct volume was measured by TTC staining. The activity of myeloperoxidase (MPO) was measured. The expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) were measured using real-time PCR. And the expression of apelin receptor (APJ), ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule-1 (Iba1), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) were measured by immunohistochemistry and western blot. Our results demonstrated that treatment with apelin-13 in I/R rats markedly reduced neurological deficits and the infarct volume. The increase of MPO activity induced by I/R was inhibited by apelin-13 treatment. The real-time PCR showed that apelin-13 decreased the expression of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β, TNF-α and ICAM-1 in I/R rats. The expression of APJ in I/R rats was increased. And the expression of Iba1, GFAP and HMGB1 in I/R rats was decreased by apelin-13 treatment indicating the inhibition of microglia, astrocytes and other inflammatory cells. In conclusion, apelin-13 is neuroprotective for neurons against I/R through inhibiting the neuroinflammation. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source
Gao L.-L.,Taian Medical University |
Li F.-R.,China Pharmaceutical University |
Jiao P.,Chinese Institute of Basic Medical Sciences |
Yao S.-T.,Taian Medical University |
And 2 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
Background: Study of the mechanisms of apoptosis in tumor cells is an important field of tumor therapy and cancer molecular biology. Apoptosis triggered by activation of the mitochondrial-dependent caspase pathway represents the main programmed cell death mechanism. The mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis pathway is activated by various intracellular stresses that induce permeabilization of the mitochondrial membrane, leading to cytochrome C release. This study was to investigate the anti-tumor effects of Dioscin from traditional Chinese anti-snake venom medicine Paris chinensis (PCD) and correlated mechanisms regarding apoptosis in human ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells. Methods: Cell viability was analyzed by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Cell apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry and Laser Scanning Confocal Microscope (LSCM) using Annexin-V/PI staining. Intracellular calcium ions were detected using fluorescence microscopy. The expression of apoptosis-related proteins cytochrome C and caspase-3 was measured by immunohistochemical staining. Results: PCD had an anti-proliferation effect on human ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. After treatment with PCD, the apoptotic rate significantly increased, and accompanied with the increased levels of caspase-3 and cytochrome C protein in SKOV3 cells. Morphological changes typical of apoptosis were also observed with LSCM by Annexin V/PI staining. Moreover, intracellular calcium accumulation occurred in PCD-treated cells. Conclusions: The molecular determinants of inhibition of cell proliferation as well as apoptosis of PCD may be associated with the activation of Ca 2+-related m itochondrion pathway in SKOV3 cells. Source