Ijebu-Ode, Nigeria

The Tai Solarin University of Education is the first university of education in Nigeria. It is located in Ijagun, Ijebu-Ode, Ogun State. Wikipedia.

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Falayi E.O.,Tai Solarin University of Education | Beloff N.,University of Sussex
Indian Journal of Physics | Year: 2012

The effects of space weather on ground based technology mostly occur due to the varying geomagnetic field during geomagnetic storms, producing geomagnetically induced current (GIC). Space weather storms involve intense and rapidly varying electric currents in the ionosphere, which create geoelectric and geomagnetic fields at the Earth's surface. In this study we have investigated some intense geomagnetic storms: September 18th, 2000; March 31th, 2001; October 21st, 2001; November 6th and 24th, 2001; October 29th and 31st, 2003 and November 9th, 2004. The electric field for each day has been computed using ground conductivity and geomagnetic recordings. The conductivity models are determined by least square fit between the observed and predicted GIC values. Our results show that GIC are strongly correlated with the geoelectric field, and also with eastward and westward auroral electrojet indices and time derivatives of the horizontal geomagnetic field. Root mean square error statistical test has been employed to evaluate the accuracy of the models used. ©2012 IACS.

The food habits and school feeding programme of pupils in a rural community in Odogbolu local government area of Ogun State, Nigeria was assessed in this study. A total of 68 pupils from primaries I to III in both public and private primary schools were involved in the study. It was found that majority of the school children had three meals daily. Majority of the pupils do not bring food to school from home. The amount of money brought to school to purchase mid-day meal foods was higher with pupils from private school than those from public schools. However, generally the quantity and quality of the mid-day meal purchased on both schools were poor and therefore did not have significant contribution of their nutritional status. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2010.

Sebiomo A.,Tai Solarin University of Education | Ogundero V.W.,Olabisi Onabanjo University | Bankole S.A.,Olabisi Onabanjo University
African Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2011

The effect of four herbicides (atrazine, primeextra, paraquat and glyphosate) on soil microbial population, soil organic matter and dehydrogenase activity was assessed over a period of six weeks. Soil samples from cassava farms were treated with herbicides at company recommended rates. Soil dehydrogenase activity was measured at four-day sampling intervals up to the 20th day. Bacterial, fungal and actinomycetes populations decreased upon treatment with herbicides when compared to the control. There was significant reduction in percentage organic matter after the herbicides were applied to soils. Soil organic matter then increased after continuous application from the second to the sixth week of treatment. Herbicide treatment resulted in a significant drop in dehydrogenase activity when compared to the control soil samples. Obtained results indicated that soils treated with primeextra had the lowest dehydrogenase activity of 16.09 μg (g-1min-1) after the sixth week of treatment, while soils treated with glyphosate had the highest dehydrogenase activity of 20.16 μg (g-1min-1) when compared to other herbicides used for treatment. Dehydrogenase activity increased from the second to the sixth week of treatment. This study indicated significant response of soil microbial activity to herbicide treatment and increased adaptation of the microbial community to the stress caused by increase in concentration of the herbicides over weeks of treatment. © 2011 Academic Journals.

Hassan A.R.,Tai Solarin University of Education | Gbadeyan J.A.,University Of Ilorin
International Journal of Heat and Technology | Year: 2015

This paper investigates the analytical study of the temperature fluid distribution in a one-dimensional fluid flow under a magnetic field. It studies the effect of internal heat generation on the entropy generation in an exothermic reactive hydromagnetic fluid flow under Arrhenius kinetics. The fluid is assumed to be incompressible and electrically conducting flowing steadily through a channel with isothermal wall temperature. The solution is obtained taking into account a supplementary term in energy equation due to internal heat generation using the traditional perturbation method. Thermo-physical aspects of the flow are presented and discussed.

Olusanya J.O.,Tai Solarin University of Education | Omotayo O.A.,Tai Solarin University of Education
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2011

In recent years, developing countries like Nigeria have been experiencing a nutritional transition in food choices from the typical starchy (mainly carbohydrate diets) to the fast food pattern and as a result of this, the dietary habits of young adults like university students have been affected. Thus, overweight and obesity are increasingly being observed among the young adults. This study assesses the prevalence of obesity on a sample of students from Tai Solarin University of Education in Ijebu-Ode, Ogun State, Nigeria. 371 students were randomly sampled from 100 level to 400 level between ages 16 and 27 years old. 151 male students (40.7%) and 220 female students (59.3%) made up the population. Daily intake of snacks apart from regular meals was more common among females than males (79.5% vs. 70.6% respectively). More female students engaged in physical exercise and reading (16.4% and 36.1% respectively) as compared with male (11.1% and 22.9% respectively). Based on BMI classification, the prevalence of overweight and obesity was more common among female students compared to male (10% and 5.1% vs. 4.6% and 1.3% respectively). Also, the findings revealed that age is the most potent predictor of obesity followed by gender while family background and recreational activities did not significantly predict obesity. Thus, this study should provide incentive for the private and public sectors to mobilize all available resources to stem the tide of increasing body mass index in university students and adults. Also, public health strategies to prevent obesity should begin with schools and extend to the entire community. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2011.

Awofala A.A.,Tai Solarin University of Education
Journal of Addictive Diseases | Year: 2013

Alcohol dependence is a complex disorder affecting all social and ethnic groups. Although the scientific understanding of the mechanism governing this multifactorial disease is still in its infancy, understanding its biological bases, including the potential contribution of genetic factors, is key to characterizing individual's risk and developing efficacious therapeutic target to combat the disease. This review provides an overview of different approaches that are being increasingly integrated to extend our knowledge of the genetic underpinnings of alcohol dependence. © 2013 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Adenusi A.A.,Olabisi Onabanjo University | Adenusi A.A.,University of Lagos | Adewoga T.O.S.,Tai Solarin University of Education
Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease | Year: 2013

Filth-feeding and breeding, non-biting synanthropic flies have been incriminated in the dissemination of human enteropathogens in the environment. This study determined the species of non-biting synanthropic flies associated with four filthy sites in Ilishan, Ogun State, southwest Nigeria, and assessed their potentials for mechanical transmission of human intestinal parasites. 7190 flies identified as Musca domestica (33.94%), Chrysomya megacephala (26.01%), Musca sorbens (23.23%), Lucilia cuprina (8.76%), Calliphora vicina (4.59%), Sarcophaga sp. (2.78%) and Fannia scalaris (0.70%) were examined for human intestinal parasites by the formol-ether concentration and modified Ziehl-Neelsen techniques. Eggs of the following parasites: Ascaris lumbricoides (34.08%), Trichuris trichiura (25.87%), hookworms (20.45%), Taenia sp. (2.36%), Hymenolepis nana (1.11%), Enterobius vermicularis (0.56%), Strongyloides stercoralis (larvae; 3.89%) and cysts of Entamoeba histolytica/dispar (27.26%), Entamoeba coli (22.67%), Giardia lamblia (3.34%) and Cryptosporidium sp. (1.81%) were isolated from the body surfaces and or gut contents of 75.24% of 719 pooled fly batches. The helminths A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura and the protozoans, E. histolytica/dispar and E. coli were the dominant parasites detected, both on body surfaces and in the gut contents of flies. C. megacephala was the highest carrier of parasites (diversity and number). More parasites were isolated from the gut than from body surfaces (P < 0.05). Flies from soiled ground often carried more parasites than those from abattoir, garbage or open-air market. Synanthropic fly species identified in this study can be of potential epidemiological importance as mechanical transmitters of human intestinal parasites acquired naturally from filth and carried on their body surfaces and or in the gut, because of their vagility and feeding mechanisms. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Adenusi A.A.,University of Lagos | Abimbola W.A.,Olabisi Onabanjo University | Adewoga T.O.S.,Tai Solarin University of Education
Food Control | Year: 2015

Fresh vegetables and fruits are essential components of a healthy and nutritious diet, but if consumed raw without proper washing and/or disinfection, can be important agents of transmission of enteric pathogens. This study determined human intestinal helminth contamination in pre-washed, fresh vegetables and fruits for sale to the human public, in four major markets in Ogun State, southwest Nigeria. Normal physiological saline washings from 250g samples were processed using standard parasitological techniques and examined microscopically. Eighty one (8.44%) of the total 960 samples from 10 vegetables and fruits were contaminated with helminth eggs and/or larvae: Ascaris lumbricoides (4.58%), Trichuris trichiura (3.96%), hookworms (1.56%), Taenia/Echinococcus sp. (1.25%), Strongyloides stercoralis (0.73%), Enterobius vermicularis and Hymenolepis nana (0.42% each). Lettuce samples were most commonly contaminated (14.58%) followed by spinach (13.54%), green onions (10.42%), fluted pumpkin and carrot (9.38% each), cabbage (7.29%), tomatoes (6.25%), cucumber (5.21%), watermelon (5.21%) and green pepper (3.13%). H.nana and E.vermicularis were not detected in samples from Abeokuta and Ijebu-Ode markets, respectively. Helminth contamination was not significantly associated with market (χ2=10.834; p=0.998) or season of purchase (χ2=0.583; p=1.000). There were no statistically significant differences in overall prevalences of contamination between samples bought during the rainy (7.50%) and dry (9.38%) seasons (t=5.014; p=0.001) and between samples from the different markets (F=0.389; p=0.762; Sango-Ota, 9.58%; Ijebu-Ode, 8.75%; Sagamu, 7.92%; and Abeokuta, 7.50%). Burdens of helminth contamination were highest in lettuce and spinach samples from Sango-Ota market (2.50±5.80 and 2.25±5.16, respectively). Implications of study findings on human and public health are discussed. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Adenusi A.A.,University of Lagos | Adewoga T.O.S.,Tai Solarin University of Education
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Year: 2013

Background: This study was aimed at examining the potential of non-biting synanthropic filth flies to acquire naturally eggs of human intestinal helminths from unsanitary sites, and its attendant public health importance. Methods: Body surface washings and gut contents of flies caught foraging while infected human faeces lay exposed at a garbage dump in Iperu, Ogun State, Nigeria and within 24 hours subsequently after removal of faeces from the dump were examined parasitologically by the formol-ether concentration technique. The viability of helminth eggs isolated from flies was determined by incubation under laboratory conditions. Results: A total of 303 flies were examined: Musca domestica (107; 35.3%), Chrysomya megacephala (125; 41.3%) and Musca sorbens (71; 23.4%). Eggs of Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura isolated from exposed human faeces were recovered from the body surfaces and or gut contents of flies caught before (141; 77.5%) and after removal of exposed faeces (44; 36.4%). Eggs of Taenia sp. were isolated only from the gut contents of three C. megacephala flies caught after removal of exposed faeces. Significantly more (p<0.05) eggs were recovered from fly gut contents than body surfaces and from flies caught before than after removal of exposed faeces. 93.1% (552; from exposed faeces) and 57.4% (408; from flies) of A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura eggs were viable. Conclusions: Synanthropic flies may, because they carry viable eggs acquired naturally from unsanitary sites, be involved in the epidemiology of human intestinal helminthiases. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. All rights reserved.

Falayi E.O.,Tai Solarin University of Education | Rabiu B.A.,Federal University of Technology Akurre
Acta Geophysica | Year: 2013

This work investigated an interrelationship between the monthly means of time derivatives of horizontal geomagnetic field, dH/dt, sunspot number, Rz, and aa index for the period of substorms (from -90 to -1800 nT) during the years 1990-2009. A total of 232 substorms were identified during the period of study. The time derivative of horizontal geomagnetic field, dH/dt, used as a proxy for geomagnetically induced current (GIC) exhibited high positive correlation with sunspot number (0. 86) and aa index (0. 8998). The obtained geomagnetic activity is in 92. 665% explicable by the combined effect of sunspot number and aa index. The distribution of substorms as a function of years gives a strong support for the existence of geomagnetic activity increases, which implies that as the sunspot number increases the base level of geomagnetic activity increases too. © 2012 Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien.

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