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Arage G.,Tabor College | Tessema G.A.,University of Gondar | Kassa H.,Health Science University
BMC Public Health | Year: 2014

Background: Poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy negatively affects the suppression of viral replication. It increases risks of drug resistance, treatment failure, Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)-related morbidity and mortality among children. This study assessed the level of adherence to antiretroviral therapy and its associated factors among children at hospitals in South Wollo Zone, Northeast Ethiopia. Methods. An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted among Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-infected children in April 2013. A total of 464 children who were taking Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) in the hospitals were included. Data were collected using pretested and structured questionnaires using a face-to-face interview method. Descriptive and summary statistics were employed. Bivariate and multiple logistic regressions were computed. Odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals were computed to determine the level of significance. Results: Of the 464 study samples, 440 children with their caregivers were included in the final analysis. A total of 78.6% of the caregivers reported that their children were adherent to antiretroviral therapy in the month prior to the interview. Caregivers' knowledge about antiretroviral treatment [AOR = 2.72(95% CI: 1.82, 5.39)], no current substance use of the caregivers [Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) = 2.21(95% Confidence Interval (CI): 1.34, 7.13)], proximity to the health care facility [AOR = 2.31(95% CI: 1.94, 4.63)], if the child knows HIV-positive status [AOR = 3.47(95% CI: 2.10, 6.81)] and caregiver's educational status [AOR = 0.59(95% CI: 0.21, 0.82)] were significantly and independently associated with adherence of children to antiretroviral therapy. Conclusion: Adherence of antiretroviral therapy in this study was comparable to other studies conducted in developing countries. Caregiver's knowledge about antiretroviral therapy, no current use of substances, close proximity to health facilities, and letting child's know his/her HIV status improves adherence to antiretroviral therapy. Health care providers should educate caregivers about antiretroviral therapy and encourage HIV positive status disclosure to the child. © 2014 Arage et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Elliger C.A.,Stanford University | Richmond T.A.,University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign | Richmond T.A.,Tabor College | Lebaric Z.N.,Stanford University | And 3 more authors.
Toxicon | Year: 2011

Most species within the genus Conus are considered to be specialists in their consumption of prey, typically feeding on molluscs, vermiform invertebrates or fish, and employ peptide toxins to immobilize prey. Conus californicus Hinds 1844 atypically utilizes a wide range of food sources from all three groups. Using DNA- and protein-based methods, we analyzed the molecular diversity of C. californicus toxins and detected a correspondingly large number of conotoxin types. We identified cDNAs corresponding to seven known cysteine-frameworks containing over 40 individual inferred peptides. Additionally, we found a new framework (22) with six predicted peptide examples, along with two forms of a new peptide type of unusual length. Analysis of leader sequences allowed assignment to known superfamilies in only half of the cases, and several of these showed a framework that was not in congruence with the identified superfamily. Mass spectrometric examination of chromatographic fractions from whole venom served to identify peptides corresponding to a number of cDNAs, in several cases differing in their degree of posttranslational modification. This suggests differential or incomplete biochemical processing of these peptides. In general, it is difficult to fit conotoxins from C. californicus into established toxin classification schemes. We hypothesize that the novel structural modifications of individual peptides and their encoding genes reflect evolutionary adaptation to prey species of an unusually wide range as well as the large phylogenetic distance between C. californicus and Indo-Pacific species. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.


News Article | October 28, 2016
Site: www.prweb.com

A leading resource for higher education and student resources, AffordableCollegesOnline.org, has released its list of Kansas’ Best Online Colleges for 2016-2017. The site analyzed a mixture of data on both two-year and four-year schools, ranking the following colleges and universities in the top five: Fort Hayes State University, Washburn University, Sterling College, Newman University and Manhattan Christian College for four-year schools; Allen County Community College, Kansas City Kansas Community College, Barton County Community College, Hutchinson Community College and Seward County Community College for two-year schools. "More than 100,000 students enrolled in college programs in Kansas last year, and nearly half of those were non-residents” said Dan Schuessler, CEO and Founder of AffordableCollegesOnline.org. "There is a growing opportunity for colleges in Kansas to offer distance or online learning programs to their students, and the schools on our list are the ones who have already made a point to emphasize high-quality online education.” To be considered for the Best Online Colleges in Kansas list, schools were required to meet several minimum criteria points. All colleges must hold regional accreditation and be public or private not-for-profit entities to qualify. Affordability standards were also set at $5,000 or less for in-state tuition at two-year schools and $25,000 or less for in-state tuition at four-year schools. Each college earned its rank by analysis and comparison of more than a dozen unique data points, including financial aid stats and graduation rates. A complete list of schools making the Best Online Colleges in Kansas ranking are listed below. More details on school placement on each list and the methodology used to determine each school’s position can be found at the link below: Schools recognized as the 2016-2017 Best Online Colleges in Kansas, Two-Year: Schools recognized as the 2016-2017 Best Online Colleges in Kansas, Four-Year: Barclay College Central Christian College of Kansas Emporia State University Fort Hays State University Friends University Manhattan Christian College Newman University Ottawa University - Kansas City Pittsburg State University Southwestern College Sterling College Tabor College University of Kansas University of Saint Mary Washburn University Wichita State University AffordableCollegesOnline.org began in 2011 to provide quality data and information about pursuing an affordable higher education. Our free community resource materials and tools span topics such as financial aid and college savings, opportunities for veterans and people with disabilities, and online learning resources. We feature higher education institutions that have developed online learning environments that include highly trained faculty, new technology and resources, and online support services to help students achieve educational and career success. We have been featured by nearly 1,100 postsecondary institutions and nearly 120 government organizations.


News Article | March 1, 2017
Site: www.prweb.com

The Community for Accredited Online Schools, a leading resource provider for higher education information, has highlighted Kansas’ best colleges and universities with online programs for 2017. A total of 33 schools were recognized for providing top-quality online learning programs. Of the 18 four-year schools that were ranked, University of Kansas, Kansas State University, Baker University, Southwestern University and Wichita State University came in as the top five institutions. Kansas’ top 15 two-year schools were also included, with Dodge City Community College, Barton County Community College, Hutchinson Community College, Johnson County Community College and Kansas City Kansas Community College taking the lead. “Students across the nation are increasingly interested in pursuing an online education, and Kansas is no exception,” said Doug Jones, CEO and founder of AccreditedSchoolsOnline.org. “The schools on our list have proven to offer high quality education options online for students who want a more flexible, accessible certificate or degree program.” To earn a spot on Kansas’ “Best Online Schools” list, these colleges and universities must be public or private not-for-profit entities that are institutionally accredited. Each college is also rated based data points that include graduation rates, student/teacher ratios, student services and financial aid availability. For more details on where each school falls in the rankings and the data and methodology used to determine the lists, visit: The Best Online Four-Year Schools in Kansas for 2017 include the following: Baker University Barclay College Central Christian College of Kansas Emporia State University Fort Hays State University Friends University Kansas State University MidAmerica Nazarene University Newman University Ottawa University Pittsburg State University Southwestern College Sterling College Tabor College University of Kansas University of Saint Mary Washburn University Wichita State University Kansas’ Best Online Two-Year Schools for 2017 include the following: Allen County Community College Barton County Community College Cloud County Community College Coffeyville Community College Colby Community College Cowley County Community College Dodge City Community College Flint Hills Technical College Hutchinson Community College Johnson County Community College Kansas City Kansas Community College Labette Community College Pratt Community College Seward County Community College and Area Technical School Wichita Area Technical College ### About Us: AccreditedSchoolsOnline.org was founded in 2011 to provide students and parents with quality data and information about pursuing an affordable, quality education that has been certified by an accrediting agency. Our community resource materials and tools span topics such as college accreditation, financial aid, opportunities available to veterans, people with disabilities, as well as online learning resources. We feature higher education institutions that have developed online learning programs that include highly trained faculty, new technology and resources, and online support services to help students achieve educational success.


With an upcoming publication in the Worldwide Leaders in Healthcare, Steven M. Kuder, MSN, FNP-C, joins the prestigious ranks of the International Nurses Association. Steven M. Kuder is a Family Nurse Practitioner with 12 years of experience in his field and an extensive expertise in all facets of nursing. Steven is currently serving patients at Fortuna Medical Group in Yuma, Arizona. Steven graduated with his Associate of Science degree in Nursing in 2004 from Kansas Wesleyan University, followed by his Bachelor of Science degree in Nursing from Tabor College In 2006. An advocate for continuing education, Steven went on to acquire his Master of Science degree in Nursing with Family Nurse Practitioner concentration in 2015 at Grand Canyon University. Steven is an inductee of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society and Alpha Chi Honor Society, and maintains a professional membership with the American Association of Nurse Practitioners. Furthermore, he served in the U.S. Army from 1979 until 2002, and attributes his success to the skills he learned in the military, and his desire to be a nurse. When he is not assisting patients, Steven enjoys outdoor activities and spending time with his family. Learn more about Steven M. Kuder here: http://inanurse.org/network/index.php?do=/4133874/info/ and read his upcoming publication in the Worldwide Leaders in Healthcare.


Kelly S.P.,University of Akron | Sensenig A.,Tabor College | Lorentz K.A.,University of Akron | Blackledge T.A.,University of Akron
Zoology | Year: 2011

Orb-weaving spiders depend upon their two-dimensional silk traps to stop insects in mid flight. While the silks used to construct orb webs must be extremely tough to absorb the tremendous kinetic energy of insect prey, webs must also minimize the return of that energy to prey to prevent insects from bouncing out of oscillating webs. We therefore predict that the damping capacity of major ampullate spider silk, which forms the supporting frames and radial threads of orb webs, should be evolutionarily conserved among orb-weaving spiders. We test this prediction by comparing silk from six diverse species of orb spiders. Silk was taken directly from the radii of orb webs and a Nano Bionix test system was used either to sequentially extend the silk to 25% strain in 5% increments while relaxing it fully between each cycle, or to pull virgin silk samples to 15% strain. Damping capacity was then calculated as the percent difference in loading and unloading energies. Damping capacity increased after yield for all species and typically ranged from 40 to 50% within each cycle for sequentially pulled silk and from 50 to 70% for virgin samples. Lower damping at smaller strains may allow orb webs to withstand minor perturbations from wind and small prey while still retaining the ability to capture large insects. The similarity in damping capacity of silk from the radii spun by diverse spiders highlights the importance of energy absorption by silk for orb-weaving spiders. © 2011 Elsevier GmbH.


Cox J.A.,Tabor College
Journal of Disability and Religion | Year: 2016

Jesus declared in Matt 18:8-9 that a person can “enter life maimed.” To appreciate the radical nature of Jesus' words, the Deuteronomic theology of “life” is contrasted to the theology of “life” in Matthew's Gospel. In Deuteronomy, “life” is associated with existence in the land and physical wholeness. In contrast to Deuteronomy, “life” in Matthew is not associated with either the land or physical wholeness, but rather found by following Jesus. Therefore, having a physical disability is no hindrance to entering life. If a person can enter the life of the Age to Come with a disability, then the presence of a disability is no indication of God's disfavor. Many Christians need to reconsider their negative views of disability and life, because disability is compatible with life. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Sensenig A.T.,Tabor College | Lorentz K.A.,University of Akron | Kelly S.P.,University of Akron | Blackledge T.A.,University of Akron
Journal of the Royal Society Interface | Year: 2012

The kinetic energy of flying insect prey is a formidable challenge for orb-weaving spiders. These spiders construct two-dimensional, round webs from a combination of stiff, strong radial silk and highly elastic, glue-coated capture spirals. Orb webs must first stop the flight of insect prey and then retain those insects long enough to be subdued by the spiders. Consequently, spider silks rank among the toughest known biomaterials. The large number of silk threads composing a web suggests that aerodynamic dissipation may also play an important role in stopping prey. Here, we quantify energy dissipation in orb webs spun by diverse species of spiders using data derived from high-speed videos of web deformation under prey impact. By integrating video data with material testing of silks, we compare the relative contributions of radial silk, the capture spiral and aerodynamic dissipation. Radial silk dominated energy absorption in all webs, with the potential to account for approximately 100 per cent of the work of stopping prey in larger webs. The most generous estimates for the roles of capture spirals and aerodynamic dissipation show that they rarely contribute more than 30 per cent and 10 per cent of the total work of stopping prey, respectively, and then only for smaller orb webs. The reliance of spider orb webs upon internal energy absorption by radial threads for prey capture suggests that the material properties of the capture spirals are largely unconstrained by the selective pressures of stopping prey and can instead evolve freely in response to alternative functional constraints such as adhering to prey. © 2012 The Royal Society.


Sensenig A.T.,Tabor College | Agnarsson I.,University of Puerto Rico at San Juan | Blackledge T.A.,University of Akron
Journal of Zoology | Year: 2011

Body size increases greatly during ontogeny in most animals and is often accompanied by dramatic shifts in foraging strategies and hence food resources. Orb-weaver spiders provide an interesting case, where a relatively homogeneous foraging strategy, aerial silk webs, is employed across all ontogenetic stages. Orb webs are spun soon after spiders emerge from the egg sac through growth of up to two orders of magnitude in body size. The sizes of prey targeted by the spiders are also likely to increase as spiders develop. Here, we examine how relative silk investment, web architecture, and the material properties of silk in webs change during ontogeny in the orb-weaver Neoscona arabesca. We also quantify two emergent properties of web performance - prey stopping potential and stickiness. We find that silk investment increases isometrically with body size, with the exception of greater than expected glue production in larger spiders. Larger spiders spin larger webs, with smaller radii, but the increased volume of all silk types and greater toughness of the capture spiral silk result in the isometric scaling of stopping potential. The strength and toughness of sticky capture spiral thread increases with diameter and hence also with ontogeny, a size scaling pattern that mirrors an evolutionary pattern across spider species. Dragline thread material properties do not change over ontogeny. The improved material properties of capture spiral threads and the increased absolute stopping potential of webs are consistent with the hypothesis that rare, large prey items play a crucial role in spiders reaching adulthood and in maximizing fecundity of female orb-weaver spiders. © 2011 The Authors. Journal of Zoology © 2011 The Zoological Society of London.


Sensenig A.T.,Tabor College | Kelly S.P.,University of Akron | Lorentz K.A.,University of Akron | Lesher B.,University of Akron | Blackledge T.A.,University of Akron
Journal of Experimental Biology | Year: 2013

Spiders in the Orbiculariae spin orb webs that dissipate the mechanical energy of their flying prey, bringing the insects to rest and retaining them long enough for the spider to attack and subdue their meals. Small prey are easily stopped by webs but provide little energetic gain. While larger prey offer substantial nourishment, they are also challenging to capture and can damage the web if they escape. We therefore hypothesized that spider orb webs exhibit properties that improve their probability of stopping larger insects while minimizing damage when the mechanical energy of those prey exceeds the web's capacity. Large insects are typically both heavier and faster flying than smaller prey, but speed plays a disproportionate role in determining total kinetic energy, so we predicted that orb webs may dissipate energy more effectively under faster impacts, independent of kinetic energy per se. We used high-speed video to visualize the impact of wooden pellets fired into orb webs to simulate prey strikes and tested how capture probability varied as a function of pellet size and speed. Capture probability was virtually nil above speeds of ~3 m s-1. However, successful captures do not directly measure the maximum possible energy dissipation by orb webs because these events include lower-energy impacts that may not significantly challenge orb web performance. Therefore, we also compared the total kinetic energy removed from projectiles that escaped orb webs by breaking through the silk, asking whether more energy was removed at faster speeds. Over a range of speeds relevant to insect flight, the amount of energy absorbed by orb webs increases with the speed of prey (i.e. The rates at which webs are stretched). Orb webs therefore respond to faster - and hence higher kinetic energy - prey with better performance, suggesting adaptation to capture larger and faster flying insect prey. This speed-dependent toughness of a complex structure suggests the utility of the intrinsic toughness of spider silk and/or features of the macro-design of webs for high-velocity industrial or military applications, such as ballistic energy absorption. © 2013. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.

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