Special characteristics of carbohydrate metabolism and insulin homeostasis in chicken. Literature review [A szénhidrát-anyagcsere és az inzulin- homeosztázis sajátosságai csirkében: Irodalmi összefoglaló]
Gabor M.,SZIE AOTK Elettani es Biokemiai Tanszek |
Peter L.,SZIE AOTK Elettani es Biokemiai Tanszek |
Anna K.,SZIE AOTK Elettani es Biokemiai Tanszek |
Janka K.P.,SZIE AOTK Elettani es Biokemiai Tanszek |
Zsuzsanna N.,SZIE AOTK Elettani es Biokemiai Tanszek
Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja | Year: 2014
Based on literature data, the authors described that the carbohydrate metabolism of chicken (and birds in general) is greatly different from that of mammals, reflected in higher physiological plasma glucose levels. Further, elevated blood glucose concentration is associated with decreased plasma insulin levels and decreased insulin sensitivity in most extrahepatic tissues. The low insulin sensitivity in birds may be associated with the peculiarities of the insulin signalling pathway and glucose transporters. Since insulin is an anabolic hormone and it is highly involved in the regulation of growth, studying its homeostasis and signalling cascade in chicken may be of special interest not only from comparative physiological approach, but from food production point of view, as well. The main goal of the authors was to provide an up-to-date brief summary regarding the specialities of carbohydrate metabolism in chicken, with emphasis on the role of insulin and the possible further implications.