SZIE AOTK

Budapest, Hungary

SZIE AOTK

Budapest, Hungary

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Judit P.K.,Maganallatorvos | Kinga F.,SZIE AOTK | Attila B.,Halasi Allategeszsegugyi Kozpont | Oszkar B.,Betu vet Kft
Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja | Year: 2012

The authors processed the practice management survey filled in by 1770 pet owners. The survey covered such topics as pet owners' expectations of the veterinary services, veterinarians and animal keeping. More than 91% of the surveyed pet owners keep pets for pleasure or fun. 68% of these owners expect their vets to treat their pets in the same way as they are treated by their owners, that is, as member of the family. The most important factors when people choose a veterinarian are as follows: the surgery is clean and hygienic (91%); staff working in the surgery have a good reputation (54%); doctor arranges a convenient and punctual time to consult (85%); qualified staff (96%) who are accurate and quick (94%); availability of required medications in the surgery (93%); availability of required special pet food in the surgery (70%); as well as compulsory vaccinations and treatments (75%); friendly and polite staff at all levels of the surgery (28%); interior decor (19%) and looks (3%) of the practice; how technically advanced and equipped it is (2%), and internet presence of the surgery making it easy to locate (2%). According to the pet owners, only 3% found the price of treatments to be a major deciding factor in choosing a vet. The majority of the clients would follow what the doctor recommends rather than how much that would cost (92%). Nevertheless, 68% gave importance to the itemization of costs involved and expected to have treatment information provided to them in a detailed outline with step-by-step producers. Less than half of the pet owners (44%) think the vet service belongs to the service industry.


Zoltan L.,Corvinus Egyetem | Gyula K.,Corvinus Egyetem | Laszlo O.,SZIE AOTK
Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja | Year: 2012

The use of live organisms as weapon has been seen throughout the history of mankind. In our age the growing global tension, the several unserviceable nations and the multitudinous occurrence of low-intensity conf licts increase the risk of biological terror attacks even in Hungary. In case of a contingent biological terror attack the veterinarians will become key f igures, f ighting in the foref ront, because 60% of the humán contagious diseases are zoonosis and the food-chain is an easily attackable target. Hence, in the article the authors review the concepts, history and f uture trends of bio, agro and food terrorism, and the possible impacts of bioterrorism on food-chain, public health, economy and the whole society.


Szabara A.,SZIE AOTK | Jakab C.,Korbonctani es Igazsagugyi Allatorvostani Tanszek | Mandoki M.,Korbonctani es Igazsagugyi Allatorvostani Tanszek | Gal J.,Korbonctani es Igazsagugyi Allatorvostani Tanszek
Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja | Year: 2011

The authors present a pathological case of acute septic inflammation in the tongue of a two-year-old male Djungarian hamster. The animal started to show clinical signs 3-4 days after changing the litter from wood shavings to hay. The hamster started to refuse eating or drinking and significant enlargement of its tongue (glossomegaly) occurred. Just before death the animal was found in the terrarium lying on its side, incapable to move, gasping for air, and the owners immediately rushed to the veterinary clinic with the hamster. The reanimation was not successful, the animal died at the clinic. The pathological examination revealed severe acute serous-hemorrhagic-necrotic glossitis with remarkable enlargement of the tongue. The mucous membrane of the hamster's tongue was injured during mastication of the hay supposedly, opening a port of entry for the bacteria in the environment. The acute inflammatory hyperaemia, oedema, and haemorrhage in the parenchyma of the tongue resulted in progressive glossomegaly. The enlarged tongue hindered the food and water uptake of the animal which led to exsiccosis, debilitation of the hamster and finally to suffocation by obturating the orifice of the larynx.


Agnes S.,SZIE AOTK | Gyula K.,Videkfejlesztesi Miniszterium | Zoltan L.,Corvinus Egyetem | Laszlo O.,SZIE AOTK
Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja | Year: 2011

The clones are offsprings originating from the same nuclear genetic material, produced naturally (identical twins) or by nuclear transfer technology. In the literature review the authors briefly review the practical opportunities of cloning, study both the national and EU legislation of cloned food products and that of human cloning, and summarize the major ethical issues of this technology.


Szilvia V.,Vegzos Joghallgato | Laszlo O.,FVM Elelmiszerlancfelugyeleti Foosztaly | Laszlo V.,SZIE AOTK
Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja | Year: 2010

The authors summarize the Hungarian system of penalties sentenced in animal cruelty cases. The authors establish the fact, that there is no factum of a misdemeanor against violation of the rules of animal protection - there is a special legal institution, the animal welfare fine instead. Based on the Criminale Code, the authors present the sanctions, namely the injunctions, the main- and supplimentary penalties used against the offenders. Those legal facts, felonies and delicts are listed, which are related to animal protection. The authors analyse the imposed penalties in practice. They state, that the authorities responsible for food safety executed 5-20 000 animal welfare inspections and imposed animal welfare fine 3-55 times annually in the last five years. In Hungary, at the beginning of 2010 two offenders were in jail because of committing animal cruelty. In one of the counties, 20 animal cruelty judgments were born during four years. The penalties were the following: reprimand in 2 cases, release on parole in 8 cases, pecuniary penalty in 6 cases, suspended imprisonment in 2 cases, in addition 1 imprisonment and 1 labor in the public interest. Finally, the authors focuse on the possibility of mediation as an alternative method.


Nora S.,Higienes Bakteriologiai Laboratorium | Eva K.,Higienes Bakteriologiai Laboratorium | Peterne S.,Higienes Bakteriologiai Laboratorium | Janos V.,SZIE AOTK
Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja | Year: 2011

Thermophilic campylobacters occur worldwide and primarily represent a risk in food safety, because in many developed countries, including Hungary it is the most frequent cause of human bacterial enteritis, while domestic animals are symptomless carriers in most of the cases. The infection in human is usually sporadic and mild, but sometimes severe and life-threatening extraintestinal infection may develop. The main source of infection is poultry meat, rarely milk or natural waters. The Veterinary Diagnostic Directorate monitorizes the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of campylobacters in domestic animals in Hungary, according to directive 2003/99/EC on the monitoring of zoonoses and zoonotic agents. In 2009, 77.0% of the broiler flocks were positive for campylobacters. The examination of food, and the survey according to the 2007/516/EC Commission decision on the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter spp. in broiler flocks and on the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in broiler carcasses in 2008 was performed by the Food and Feed Safety Directorate. 55.3% Campylobacter positivity was found in broiler meat. The increasing number of resistant and multiresistant Campylobacter strains asks for more reasonable usage of antibiotics. The prevention needs a comprehensive, from farm to table approach with keeping the strct hygienic recommendations on farms and in the kitchen, as well.


After having described the evolution of digestive types, the author touches the relation of nutrition and diseases. In the following the definition of nutrigenomics, nutrigenetics, as well as the single nucleoted polymorphism (SNP) is clarified. The meaning and the main classes of epigenomics and the newly discovered role of microflora are also given. The next part overviews the fields of nutrigenomics, namely the effect of major nutrients, metals, vitamins and functional foods on the gene expression. After the description of the metabolic imprinting and fetal obesity, the basic trials of the epigenomics, the confirmed epigenetics-originated syndromes (in the given individual or in the first generation) are given. The most interesting transgenerational epigenomic cases are also described. The author shows psychological cases of abnormal dietary habit. Finally, he gives a scientific analysis of the extraordinary or extreme dietary systems.


Peter L.,SZIE AOTK
Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja | Year: 2012

Malicious, deliberate contamination of food or food and water supplies with different biological, chemical and physical agents or radionuclear materials for terrorist purposes is a real threat to the civilian populations worldwide. Food bioterrorism refers to an act or threat of deliberate contamination of food with biological agents, including bacteria, viruses, parasites and bacterial toxins. This review article highlights the main biological agents that might be expected to be used for malicious contamination of food and water supplies, and discusses the possibilities of their application as bioterrorism weapons.


Nowdays the most important cause of food born diseases is the microbiological contamination of food. A new trend in food-contaminating microbes has emerged: microbes carried by the animals causing no clinical disease, that after ingestion by humans cause a mild to moderate clinical disease with high incidence and leading to substantial economic losses, like Salmonella and Campylobacter species. Campylobacter jejuni is the most common food borne bacterial pathogen and leading cause of food borne disease in humans. Surveys have shown that it is the leading cause of bacterial diarrhoeal illness in the world. To achieve proper control we have to understand the mechanism of spreading of Campylobacter jejuni, but for this epidemiological surveys and examinations concerning characteristics of the microbe are needed. A very effective and important tool for preventing people from campylobacteriosis is the proper heat treatment of poultry meat. Campylobacters are sensitive to heat treatment, they are killed by normal household cooking processes, yet despite this the main cause of human infection is the undercooked meat. The present paper is a part of the studies on the heat destruction of Campylobacter jejuni carried out at the Department of Food Hygiene of Szent Istvan University, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, and introduces the results of a new, rapid experimental method applied for the enumeration of surviving cells. Comparing the results of the redoxpotential measurement technique to those obtained by classical culture methods in heat treatment experiments, the authors found that both methods resulted in the same values for the heat destruction parameters (D and z).


Csaba J.,SZIE AOTK | Mira M.,SZIE AOTK | Peter K.,Egyetemi Hallgato | Pal D.M.,SZIE AOTK | Tibor N.,SZIE AOTK
Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja | Year: 2011

The authors report on a primary benign pedunculated mixed mesenchymal tumour showing polypoid character, a so called angiofibrolipoma in the oropharyngeal cavity of a 9-year-old female Hungarian Vizsla. The intra-pharyngeal mesenchymoma caused disturbances in food uptake, hindered ingestion, retching and hawking in the dog. Following surgical removal the symptoms disappeared and recidiva did not occur. According to the literature, pharyngeal angiofibrolipoma has not been described yet in veterinary publications.

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