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Budapest, Hungary

Zoltan L.,Corvinus Egyetem | Gyula K.,Corvinus Egyetem | Laszlo O.,SZIE AOTK
Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja | Year: 2012

The use of live organisms as weapon has been seen throughout the history of mankind. In our age the growing global tension, the several unserviceable nations and the multitudinous occurrence of low-intensity conf licts increase the risk of biological terror attacks even in Hungary. In case of a contingent biological terror attack the veterinarians will become key f igures, f ighting in the foref ront, because 60% of the humán contagious diseases are zoonosis and the food-chain is an easily attackable target. Hence, in the article the authors review the concepts, history and f uture trends of bio, agro and food terrorism, and the possible impacts of bioterrorism on food-chain, public health, economy and the whole society. Source

Judit P.K.,Maganallatorvos | Kinga F.,SZIE AOTK | Attila B.,Halasi Allategeszsegugyi Kozpont | Oszkar B.,Betu vet Kft
Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja | Year: 2012

The authors processed the practice management survey filled in by 1770 pet owners. The survey covered such topics as pet owners' expectations of the veterinary services, veterinarians and animal keeping. More than 91% of the surveyed pet owners keep pets for pleasure or fun. 68% of these owners expect their vets to treat their pets in the same way as they are treated by their owners, that is, as member of the family. The most important factors when people choose a veterinarian are as follows: the surgery is clean and hygienic (91%); staff working in the surgery have a good reputation (54%); doctor arranges a convenient and punctual time to consult (85%); qualified staff (96%) who are accurate and quick (94%); availability of required medications in the surgery (93%); availability of required special pet food in the surgery (70%); as well as compulsory vaccinations and treatments (75%); friendly and polite staff at all levels of the surgery (28%); interior decor (19%) and looks (3%) of the practice; how technically advanced and equipped it is (2%), and internet presence of the surgery making it easy to locate (2%). According to the pet owners, only 3% found the price of treatments to be a major deciding factor in choosing a vet. The majority of the clients would follow what the doctor recommends rather than how much that would cost (92%). Nevertheless, 68% gave importance to the itemization of costs involved and expected to have treatment information provided to them in a detailed outline with step-by-step producers. Less than half of the pet owners (44%) think the vet service belongs to the service industry. Source

After having described the evolution of digestive types, the author touches the relation of nutrition and diseases. In the following the definition of nutrigenomics, nutrigenetics, as well as the single nucleoted polymorphism (SNP) is clarified. The meaning and the main classes of epigenomics and the newly discovered role of microflora are also given. The next part overviews the fields of nutrigenomics, namely the effect of major nutrients, metals, vitamins and functional foods on the gene expression. After the description of the metabolic imprinting and fetal obesity, the basic trials of the epigenomics, the confirmed epigenetics-originated syndromes (in the given individual or in the first generation) are given. The most interesting transgenerational epigenomic cases are also described. The author shows psychological cases of abnormal dietary habit. Finally, he gives a scientific analysis of the extraordinary or extreme dietary systems. Source

Nora S.,Higienes Bakteriologiai Laboratorium | Eva K.,Higienes Bakteriologiai Laboratorium | Peterne S.,Higienes Bakteriologiai Laboratorium | Janos V.,SZIE AOTK
Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja | Year: 2011

Thermophilic campylobacters occur worldwide and primarily represent a risk in food safety, because in many developed countries, including Hungary it is the most frequent cause of human bacterial enteritis, while domestic animals are symptomless carriers in most of the cases. The infection in human is usually sporadic and mild, but sometimes severe and life-threatening extraintestinal infection may develop. The main source of infection is poultry meat, rarely milk or natural waters. The Veterinary Diagnostic Directorate monitorizes the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of campylobacters in domestic animals in Hungary, according to directive 2003/99/EC on the monitoring of zoonoses and zoonotic agents. In 2009, 77.0% of the broiler flocks were positive for campylobacters. The examination of food, and the survey according to the 2007/516/EC Commission decision on the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter spp. in broiler flocks and on the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in broiler carcasses in 2008 was performed by the Food and Feed Safety Directorate. 55.3% Campylobacter positivity was found in broiler meat. The increasing number of resistant and multiresistant Campylobacter strains asks for more reasonable usage of antibiotics. The prevention needs a comprehensive, from farm to table approach with keeping the strct hygienic recommendations on farms and in the kitchen, as well. Source

Szabara A.,SZIE AOTK | Jakab C.,Korbonctani es Igazsagugyi Allatorvostani Tanszek | Mandoki M.,Korbonctani es Igazsagugyi Allatorvostani Tanszek | Gal J.,Korbonctani es Igazsagugyi Allatorvostani Tanszek
Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja | Year: 2011

The authors present a pathological case of acute septic inflammation in the tongue of a two-year-old male Djungarian hamster. The animal started to show clinical signs 3-4 days after changing the litter from wood shavings to hay. The hamster started to refuse eating or drinking and significant enlargement of its tongue (glossomegaly) occurred. Just before death the animal was found in the terrarium lying on its side, incapable to move, gasping for air, and the owners immediately rushed to the veterinary clinic with the hamster. The reanimation was not successful, the animal died at the clinic. The pathological examination revealed severe acute serous-hemorrhagic-necrotic glossitis with remarkable enlargement of the tongue. The mucous membrane of the hamster's tongue was injured during mastication of the hay supposedly, opening a port of entry for the bacteria in the environment. The acute inflammatory hyperaemia, oedema, and haemorrhage in the parenchyma of the tongue resulted in progressive glossomegaly. The enlarged tongue hindered the food and water uptake of the animal which led to exsiccosis, debilitation of the hamster and finally to suffocation by obturating the orifice of the larynx. Source

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