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News Article | January 19, 2016
Site: phys.org

North American snout moths pinned with their wings spread out flat for study. Credit: Dr. Alma Solis The present snout moth list contains a ten-percent increase in the number of species since 1983. For the last thirty-three years snout moth specialists in the United States and Canada have been describing species new to science and recording species new to these two countries. Scientists have also published studies resulting in major changes to the classification above the species level, for example by studying snout moth "ears" (tympanal organs) and utilizing genes to study their relationships. This check list was compiled over a three-year period by Dr. Brian Scholtens and Dr. M. Alma Solis. Brian Scholtens is a professor at the College of Charleston, South Carolina, and M. Alma Solis is a research entomologist at the Agriculture Research Service's Systematic Entomology Laboratory, and curator of the U.S. National Pyraloidea Collection located at the Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C. Their results have been published in the open-access journal ZooKeys. "A check list is one of the most important pieces of research, with many applications," says Dr. Solis. "Knowing the fauna of a geographic area makes it possible to track species and, in this case, potential invasive species. The caterpillars of snout moths are economically important worldwide as pests of planted crops for food or biofuel, of forest trees, and of stored products such as wheat and nuts." "Many species, for example, the stored product pests, occur worldwide, but others, such as pest species of grasses including corn, can be restricted or only exist in certain geographic areas," the scientist further explains. "It is important to be able to recognize as soon as possible that a particular species is not native to the United States or Canada." Scientists use Latin scientific names as "unique tags" to communicate about the morphological or molecular identity and habits of a species. One of the functions of taxonomists is to determine if a species is new or if it has already been described. Historically, confusion is created when the same species is described more than once (called a synonym) in other parts of the world. A regional check list such as this one and a worldwide check list can work together to reinforce precision in the definition and communication about species, especially decreasing confusion about synonyms. Most worldwide check lists exist as online databases that can be updated. Dr. Solis said that they had cited new discoveries relevant to the North American snout moth fauna found in GLOBIZ, or the Global Information System on Pyraloidea, an electronic list of over 15,500 snout moth species names for which she is a collaborator. Explore further: Biocontrol research on Brazilian peppertree in Florida discovers new cryptic species More information: Brian Scholtens et al. Annotated check list of the Pyraloidea (Lepidoptera) of America North of Mexico, ZooKeys (2015). DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.535.6086


Prena J.,Systematic Entomology Laboratory
Coleopterists Bulletin | Year: 2012

Rhoptobaris LeConte (= Orthoris LeConte, new synonymy), a small genus of North and Central American weevils, is revised. The adult, larva, and pupa are described. Five species are recognized: Rhoptobaris canescens LeConte, Rhoptobaris cylindrifera (Casey), new combination [from Orthoris], Rhoptobaris obrieni Prena, new species [El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico], Rhoptobaris piercei Prena, new species [Mexico, USA], and Rhoptobaris scolopax (Say), new combination [from Aulobaris LeConte]. At least three species are associated with blazingstar (Mentzelia L., Loasaceae). Orthoris angustula Casey, Orthoris captiosa Casey, Orthoris crotchii LeConte, Orthoris robustula Casey, Orthoris tenuirostris Casey, and Orthoris tumidirostris Casey are new synonyms of R. scolopax. Lectotypes are designated for R. canescens, O. crotchii, O. captiosa, Orthoris cylindrifera Casey, and O. tenuirostris. Baridius anthracinus Boheman is designated as the type species for Aulobaris LeConte. Aulobaris pusilla (LeConte) is recognized as the valid name for B. scolopax of authors (not Say 1832). Habitus images of all five species, line drawings of important larval characters, and a key for the identification of the adult weevil are provided.


Garcia F.R.M.,Federal University of Pelotas | Norrbom A.L.,Systematic Entomology Laboratory
Florida Entomologist | Year: 2011

A total of 12,540 ripe fruits belonging to 46 species in 25 plant families were sampled from either the trees or the ground in 6 municipalities in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil between 2002 and 2006 to determine which fruit fly species developed on various host plants. Each fruit was weighed and placed into a plastic flask filled with sterilized sand 7 cm deep, and the opening of the flask was covered with sheer fabric. The flasks were kept under controlled conditions (25 ± 3°C, 70 ± 10% RH and 12h photophase). After 7 d, the pupae were sifted from the sand and transferred to Petri dishes lined with filter paper. Twenty-one species of Tephritoidea were recovered consisting of 13 species of Tephritidae, 6 of Lonchaeidae, and 2 of Ulidiidae. We present new host records for some species of fruit flies.


Prena J.,Systematic Entomology Laboratory
Zootaxa | Year: 2010

The weevil genus Peridinetus Schönherr is reviewed for mainland Middle America. Conophoria Casey is included in Peridinetus as a new junior synonym. Twenty-six species are recognized. Peridinetus ecuadoricus Casey stat. res., P. frontalis Chevrolat and P. pictus Kirsch are newly recorded for the study area. Newly described are P. illabes sp. n. (Panama), P. imperialis sp. n. (Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador), P. lugubris sp. n. (Costa Rica, Ecuador), P. notabilis sp. n. (Costa Rica), P. odone sp. n. (Costa Rica, Panama), P. pena sp. n. (Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama), P. rubens sp. n. (Costa Rica, Panama) and P. wyandoti sp. n. (Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Ecuador). The overlooked precedence of P. jelskii Chevrolat over P. maculiventris Chevrolat is reestablished. Conophoria cana dispersa Casey is a new junior synonym of P. canus Champion. Habitus images for most species and an identification key are provided. © 2010 · Magnolia Press.


Lingafelter S.W.,Systematic Entomology Laboratory | Ivie M.A.,Montana State University
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington | Year: 2013

A species originally described as Fortuneleptura romei Touroult, 2011 (Lepturinae) is placed in a new genus, Iyanola Lingafelter & Ivie (Cerambycinae: Rhinotragini). Along with the new genus description, the species is redescribed and additional collection data is recorded. A key to the genera and species of Rhinotragini (Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae) of the West Indies is presented.


Gallego K.R.,Center for Research on Sustainable Agricultural Production Systems | Lerma J.M.,University of Valle | Echeverri C.G.,Center for Research on Sustainable Agricultural Production Systems | Brown J.W.,Systematic Entomology Laboratory
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society | Year: 2012

The biology and early stages of Eccopsis galapagana Kazowski & Landry are described and illustrated for the first time; details of the adult behavior also are provided. Under outbreak conditions the species has become a serious pest in silvopastoral systems of algarrobo tree (Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC; Fabaceae) in Colombia. Although African members of the genus Eccopsis feed on a variety of different host plant families (e.g., Fabaceae, Rhizophoraceae, Sterculiaceae, Anacardiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Flagellariaceae, and Rutaceae), New World species of Eccopsis are recorded only from Fabaceae.


Prena J.,Systematic Entomology Laboratory | Prena J.,CAS Institute of Zoology
Mitteilungen aus dem Museum fur Naturkunde in Berlin - Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift | Year: 2013

Macrobaris: Champion is synonymized with Iops Casey (new synonym), transferred from Baridini: Baridina to Apostasimerini: Madopterina (new placement), and revised. Twenty one species are documented from fourteen countries, ranging from the USA in the north to Paraguay in the south. Thirteen new species are described: M. acutipennis new species (Mexico), M. aquilonia new species (USA), M. balicosa new species (Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela), M. colemycter new species (Mexico), M. exerens new species (Venezuela), M. laciniosa new species (Mexico), M. lateriquetra new species (Costa Rica, Panama), M. leptochele new species (Peru), M. runa new species (Panama, Peru), M. spinigera new species (Brazil, Venezuela), M. stictica new species (Ecuador, Peru), M. unguiculus new species (Ecuador), and M. zacatensis new species (Costa Rica). Iops bicolor Hustache is excluded from the genus and transferred to Madopterina incertae sedis (new placement). Five species were collected from Poaceae, four of them from bamboos. A dichotomous key for the identification of currently known species is provided, with M. sparsa Casey treated as a morphologically unresolved complex. Limnobaris rufula Champion is transferred to Valdenus Casey, as V. rufulus new combination, and is reported from Costa Rica for the first time. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Prena J.,Systematic Entomology Laboratory | Whitehead D.R.,Systematic Entomology Laboratory
Mitteilungen aus dem Museum fur Naturkunde in Berlin - Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift | Year: 2012

Ten described and seven new species of Cleogonus are recognized in the Neotropics. The larvae of at least five are seed predators on Andira and one possibly on Albizia, both being widely distributed fabaceous trees with many commercial uses. Lectotypes are designated for C. armatus Champion, 1904, C. brasiliensis Fiedler, 1951, C. fratellus Fiedler, 1951, C. lateralis Fiedler, 1951, and C. rectirostris Fiedler, 1951 to promote stability in the usage of these names. New synonyms are C. distinctus Chevrolat (= C. columbianus Chevrolat 1880, syn. n., C. mixtus Fiedler, 1951, syn. n.), C. marginesulcatus Chevrolat, 1880 (= C. lateralis Fiedler, 1951, syn. n., C. marginatus Fiedler, 1951, syn. n.), and C. nucula (Germar, 1824) (= C. brevirostris Fiedler, 1951, syn. n.). Three species, as follows, are excluded from Cleogonus based on their descriptions; the types are either destroyed or could not be located: Cleogonus pumillus Montrouzier, 1855 and C. trochilus (Olivier, 1807) are transferred to the Cryptorhynchini, as Pseudomus trochilus comb. n. and Thyestetha pumillus comb. n., and C. grossulus Suffrian, 1872 to Cleogonini incertae sedis. Newly described are C. boberix sp. n. [México, Panamá], C. caveyi sp. n. [Argentina, Brazil], C. eldarayae sp. n. [Costa Rica, El Salvador, Perú], C. foveipennis sp. n. [Brazil, Paraguay], C. nuculipar sp. n. [Bolivia], C. striatipennis sp. n. [Brazil], and C. toricrus sp. n. [Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil]. Habitus illustrations are provided for all new species. © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Prena J.,Systematic Entomology Laboratory
Coleopterists Bulletin | Year: 2012

Lipancylus copelatus Prena, new species, is described from Arizona and Texas (type locality Davis Mountains Resort, TX) and Lipancylus cracens Prena, new species, from Texas and Mexico (type locality Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley State Park, TX). They have been confused in the past with Lipancylus parallelus (Champion) (formerly Strongylotes Schönherr), a species present in Mexico and Honduras but not in the United States. Collecting records of L. copelatus and several undescribed species indicate that the larval development takes place in grasses.


PubMed | Systematic Entomology Laboratory, National Chung Hsing University and Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
Type: | Journal: ZooKeys | Year: 2016

Taiwanese species of Mandarella Duvivier are compared on the basis of morphological and molecular evidence. Only three of eleven morphospecies are considered to be valid. Mandarella uenoi (Kimoto, 1969) is transferred from the genus Luperus Geoffroy. Stenoluperus taiwanus Kimoto, 1991 and Stenoluperus kimotoi Dberl, 2001 are synonymized with Mandarella uenoi. Taiwanese records of Stenoluperus tibialis Chen, 1942, Stenoluperus nipponensis Laboissire, 1913, and Stenoluperus potanini (Weise, 1889) were based on misidentifications and represent Mandarella uenoi. The Taiwanese population previously erroneously identified as Stenoluperus pallipes Gressitt and Kimoto, 1963 is here described as a new species, Mandarella tsoui sp. n., Stenoluperus esakii Kimoto, 1969, Stenoluperus matsumurai Takizawa, 1978, and Mandarella taiwanensis Medvedev, 2012 are synonymized with Mandarella flaviventris (Chen, 1942).

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