Bunkyō-ku, Japan
Bunkyō-ku, Japan

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Nakano S.,Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science | Nakano S.,Synthera Technologies Co. | Tsukimura T.,Meiji Pharmaceutical University | Togawa T.,Meiji Pharmaceutical University | And 10 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

We developed an immunochromatography-based assay for detecting antibodies against recombinant α-galactosidase A proteins in serum. The evaluation of 29 serum samples from Fabry patients, who had received enzyme replacement therapy with agalsidase alpha and/ or agalsidase beta, was performed by means of this assay method, and the results clearly revealed that the patients exhibited the same level of antibodies against both agalsidase alpha and agalsidase beta, regardless of the species of recombinant α-galactosidase A used for enzyme replacement therapy. A conventional enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay supported the results. Considering these, enzyme replacement therapy with agalsidase alpha or agalsidase beta would generate antibodies against the common epitopes in both agalsidase alpha and agalsidase beta. Most of the patients who showed immunopositive reaction exhibited classic Fabry phenotype and harbored gene mutations affecting biosynthesis of α-galactosidase A. As immunochromatography is a handy and simple assay system which can be available at bedside, this assay method would be extremely useful for quick evaluation or first screening of serum antibodies against agalsidase alpha or agalsidase beta in Fabry disease with enzyme replacement therapy. Copyright: © 2015 Nakano et al.


Patent
Tokyo Metropolitan Organization For Medical Research and Synthera Technologies Co. | Date: 2011-04-13

In order to improve the detection sensitivity of MUSTag, the present invention provides an antibody complex including a nucleic acid chain as a label, an antibody to specifically recognize the antigen and an adaptor moiety linking the nucleic acid chain and the antibody, wherein the adaptor moiety includes an immunoglobulin binding domain of Protein G, Protein A or Protein L for binding with the antibody, and the adaptor moiety and the antibody are chemically cross-linked to form a cross-linked antibody complex.


Tsukimura T.,Meiji Pharmaceutical University | Nakano S.,Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science | Nakano S.,Synthera Technologies Co. | Togawa T.,Meiji Pharmaceutical University | And 5 more authors.
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports | Year: 2014

Fabry disease is an X-linked genetic disorder characterized by deficient activity of α-galactosidase A (GLA) and accumulation of glycolipids, and various GLA gene mutations lead to a wide range of clinical phenotypes from the classic form to the later-onset one. To investigate the biochemical heterogeneity and elucidate the basis of the disease using available clinical samples, we measured GLA activity, GLA protein and accumulated globotriaosylsphingosine (Lyso-Gb3), a biomarker of this disease, in plasma samples from Fabry patients. The analysis revealed that both the enzyme activity and the protein level were apparently decreased, and the enzyme activity was well correlated with the protein level in many Fabry patients. In these cases, a defect of biosynthesis or excessive degradation of mutant GLAs should be involved in the pathogenesis, and the residual protein level would determine the accumulation of Lyso-Gb3 and the severity of the disease. However, there are some exceptional cases, i.e., ones harboring p.C142Y, p.R112H and p.M296I, who exhibit a considerable amount of GLA protein. Especially, a subset of Fabry patients with p.R112H or p.M296I has been attracted interest because the patients exhibit almost normal plasma Lyso-Gb3 concentration. Structural analysis revealed that C142Y causes a structural change at the entrance of the active site. It will lead to a complete enzyme activity deficiency, resulting in a high level of plasma Lyso-Gb3 and the classic Fabry disease. On the other hand, it is thought that R112H causes a relatively large structural change on the molecular surface, and M296I a small one in a restricted region from the core to the surface, both the structural changes being far from the active site. These changes will cause not only partial degradation but also degeneration of the mutant GLA proteins, and the degenerated enzymes exhibiting small and residual activity remain and probably facilitate degradation of Lyso-Gb3 in plasma, leading to the later-onset phenotype. The results of this comprehensive analysis will be useful for elucidation of the basis of Fabry disease. © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.


Nakano S.,Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science | Nakano S.,Synthera Technologies Co. | Morizane Y.,Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science | Morizane Y.,Synthera Technologies Co. | And 8 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Fabry disease is an X-linked genetic disorder caused by defects in the α-galactosidase A (GLA) gene, and heterogeneous mutations lead to quantitative and/or qualitative defects in GLA protein in male patients with Fabry disease. Random X-chromosomal inactivation modifies the clinical and biochemical features of female patients with Fabry disease. Functional polymorphisms have been frequently reported in recent times, and these increase the difficulty of understanding the pathogenetic basis of the disease. To date, GLA protein level has been measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). However, ELISA is not highly sensitive due to the high background noise. In this paper, we introduce a novel application of the immuno-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method (termed Multiple Simultaneous Tag [MUSTag]) for measurement of the GLA protein level in blood samples. We compared the sensitivities of the MUSTag method with plates or magnetic beads with those of ELISA for recombinant human GLA and found that the apparent maximal sensitivity was higher for the former than for the latter. We then measured the GLA concentrations in serum and plasma from male patients with classic Fabry disease (Male Fabry), females with Fabry disease (Female Fabry), male subjects harboring the functional polymorphism p.E66Q (E66Q), and control (Control) subjects. Our results revealed that compared to the MUSTag plate and ELISA, the MUSTag beads assay afforded a clearer estimation of the GLA protein levels in the serum and plasma with minimal or no background noise, although all the methods could differentiate between the Male Fabry, E66Q, and Control groups. The Female Fabry group showed characteristic heterogeneity, which was consistent with the X-linked inheritance. This novel method is expected to be useful for the sensitive determination of GLA level in blood and elucidation of the pathogenetic basis of Fabry disease. © 2013 Nakano et al.

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