Willmitzer H.,Thuringer Fernwasserversorgung |
Feuerpfeil I.,Umweltbundesamt |
Freier K.,Landestalsperrenverwaltung des Freistaates Sachsen |
Lambert A.N.,SWT Stadtwerke Trier Versorgungs GmbH |
And 4 more authors.
GWF, Wasser - Abwasser | Year: 2012
To estimate the risk of viruses in raw water of drinking water reservoirs six drinking water reservoirs in Germany were examined for viruses and microbiological indicator parameters. The causes of few positive evidence were several interacting factors. Human settlements, flood events and a full circulation of the water body were important factors. The knowledge of these factors allows an optimized treatment strategy to ensure a high drinking water quality.
Lambert A.,SWT Stadtwerke Trier Versorgungs GmbH |
Welsch H.,SWT Stadtwerke Trier Versorgungs GmbH |
Kollete M.,SWT Stadtwerke Trier Versorgungs GmbH
Umweltwissenschaften und Schadstoff-Forschung | Year: 2010
The drinking water treatment plant (WTP) in Irsch-Treves is one of the WTPs operated by the Public Utility Company of Treves (SWT) responsible for supplying the city of Treves with drinking water. This treatment plant has been responsible for the treatment of raw, soft water from the oligotrophic reservoir Riveris since 1958. The main functions of the WTP are the removal of particulate matter, manganese, iron, aluminium and organic material, especially humic substances. The removal of particulate matter such as bacteria, other microorganisms and plankton is very important to ensure a microbiologically and hygienically stable drinking water. Insufficient removal of particulate manganese may lead to manganese scaling in the supply system and, in extreme conditions, may lead to a brown-coloured drinking water. The so called Multi-Barrier-System is being used in the entire water treatment process. Under this system, great importance is given to the monitoring of the catchment area, the inflows, and the reservoirs. After a preliminary and subsequent sedimentation and biological treatment in the preliminary and in the main reservoirs respectively, the raw water is finally treated through flocculation filtration over the rapid multi-layer sand filters in the WTP Irsch. With this approach, only a rigid application of the above mentioned steps and the application of the latest recognized technology to maintain the supply system can best guarantee a constant supply of clean drinking water. Online particle count in raw water and in drinking water is one of the main quality control measures applied in the WTP Irsch. The conventional flocculation filtration is not always able to fulfil the increasing quality demands for drinking water, especially during adverse raw water quality conditions. This is the reason why more and more membrane filtration units are currently being installed in completely new plants, as substitutes in conventional plants, or for upgrade purposes. The SWT is currently planning an enlargement and upgrade of the WTP Irsch, integrating ultrafiltration, which was successfully tested in a pilot study. The upgrade of the elimination of particulate matter is one of the most important targets, after the enlargement and upgrade of the plant. © Springer-Verlag 2010.