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Kakamigahara, Japan

Korai H.,Japan Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute | Osada T.,Swood Co. | Sumida A.,Swood Co.
Journal of Wood Science | Year: 2014

The effectiveness of air injection for preventing the blowout of particleboards manufactured using a radio-frequency hot press was investigated by evaluating the board properties under artificially created conditions that were conducive to blowout. For evaluation, 10-mm-thick boards with densities of 0.7 and 0.8 g/cm3 and 20-mm-thick boards with a density of 0.7 g/cm3 were manufactured. Pressing times for the 10-mm-thick boards were 2, 4, 6, and 8 min, and those for the 20-mm-thick boards were 4, 6, 8, and 10 min. Without air injection, blowout occurred in all manufactured boards. With air injection, however, blowout did not occur in the 10-mm-thick boards with a density of 0.7 g/cm3. Moreover, air injection prevented blowout even when the board density and board thickness were increased to 0.8 g/cm3 (for 10-mm-thick boards) and 20 mm (the density was kept at 0.7 g/cm3), respectively. Air-injection radio-frequency pressing reduced the pressing time from 4 to 2 min for 10-mm-thick boards, and from 6 to 4 min for 20-mm-thick boards. Moreover, this reduction in the pressing time was achieved without a large reduction in the internal bond strength of the boards. © 2013 The Japan Wood Research Society. Source


Korai H.,Japan Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute | Osada T.,Swood Co. | Sumida A.,Swood Co.
Journal of Wood Science | Year: 2014

A hot press was used to manufacture particleboards (H boards). A radio-frequency hot press (for RH boards) and an air-injection radio-frequency hot press (for ARH board) were also used, and the effects of air injection on preventing blowout and board properties were analyzed. The thicknesses and densities of manufactured boards were 10 and 30 mm, and 0.6, 0.7, and 0.8 g/cm3, respectively. The investigation ascertained the effects of air injection in preventing blowout when a radio-frequency hot press is used. The increasing order of temperature was ARH board > RH board > H board during the final pressing stage. For the 30-mm-thick boards, the temperature of H board increased to 100 °C and remained constant at 100 °C even when the pressing time was extended. The temperature of the RH board increased to 100 °C more quickly than in the case of the H board and remained constant at 110-118 °C. The temperature of the ARH board increased linearly to 130-142 °C. For both the 10- and 30-mm-thick boards, the internal bond strength of the RH board was almost the same as that of the ARH board at densities of 0.6 and 0.7 g/cm3. In contrast, the internal bond strength of the RH board was lower than that of the ARH board at a density of 0.8 g/cm3. For the 10-mm-thick boards, the thickness swelling in the RH board was almost the same as that in the ARH board irrespective of the density. However, for the 30-mm-thick boards, the thickness swelling in the RH board was higher than that in the ARH board. The low plasticization of particles due to air injection presumably results in a high degree of thickness swelling. © 2013 The Japan Wood Research Society. Source

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