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Valenta T.,University of Zurich | Gay M.,University of Zurich | Steiner S.,University of Zurich | Draganova K.,University of Zurich | And 6 more authors.
Genes and Development | Year: 2011

β-Catenin, apart from playing a cell-adhesive role, is a key nuclear effector of Wnt signaling. Based on activity assays in Drosophila, we generated mouse strains where the endogenous β-catenin protein is replaced by mutant forms, which retain the cell adhesion function but lack either or both of the N- and the C-terminal transcriptional outputs. The C-terminal activity is essential for mesoderm formation and proper gastrulation, whereas N-terminal outputs are required later during embryonic development. By combining the double-mutant β-catenin with a conditional null allele and a Wnt1-Cre driver, we probed the role of Wnt/β-catenin signaling in dorsal neural tube development. While loss of β-catenin protein in the neural tube results in severe cell adhesion defects, the morphology of cells and tissues expressing the double-mutant form is normal. Surprisingly, Wnt/β-catenin signaling activity only moderately regulates cell proliferation, but is crucial for maintaining neural progenitor identity and for neuronal differentiation in the dorsal spinal cord. Our model animals thus allow dissecting signaling and structural functions of β-catenin in vivo and provide the first genetic tool to generate cells and tissues that entirely and exclusively lack canonical Wnt pathway activity. © 2011 by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Source


Baranek S.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne | Bezler A.,Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research ISREC | Adamczyk C.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne | Gonczy P.,Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research ISREC | Renaud P.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne
14th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences 2010, MicroTAS 2010 | Year: 2010

This paper reports on a new microfluidic device for temperature stimulation of cell in in-vitro culture. Micro-electrodes in a meander shape are embedded into the microfluidic channels to generate either a temperature gradient through the culture chamber or a local heat spot under specific cells. One promising application is the control of cell division rate. Here we present first results of the synchronization of cell division in a two-cell stage embryos of C. Elegans. Source


Chen L.Y.,Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research ISREC
Nucleus (Austin, Tex.) | Year: 2013

Telomeric DNA at eukaryotic chromosome ends terminates with single stranded 3' G-rich overhangs. The overhang is generated by the interplay of several dynamic processes including semiconservative DNA replication, 3' end elongation by telomerase, C-strand fill-in synthesis and nucleolytic processing. The mammalian CST (CTC1-STN1-TEN1) complex is directly involved at several stages of telomere end formation. Elucidation of its structural organization and identification of interaction partners support the notion that mammalian CST is, as its yeast counterpart, a RPA-like complex. CST binding at mammalian telomere 3' overhangs increases upon their elongation by telomerase. Formation of a trimeric CST complex at telomeric 3'overhangs leads to telomerase inhibition and at the same time mediates a physical interaction with DNA polymerase-α. Thus CST seems to play critical roles in coordinating telomerase elongation and fill-in synthesis to complete telomere replication. Source


David F.P.A.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne | David F.P.A.,Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics | Delafontaine J.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne | Delafontaine J.,Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics | And 20 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

The HTSstation analysis portal is a suite of simple web forms coupled to modular analysis pipelines for various applications of High-Throughput Sequencing including ChIP-seq, RNA-seq, 4C-seq and re-sequencing. HTSstation offers biologists the possibility to rapidly investigate their HTS data using an intuitive web application with heuristically pre-defined parameters. A number of open-source software components have been implemented and can be used to build, configure and run HTS analysis pipelines reactively. Besides, our programming framework empowers developers with the possibility to design their own workflows and integrate additional third-party software. The HTSstation web application is accessible at http://htsstation.epfl.ch. © 2014 David et al. Source


Chen L.-Y.,Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research ISREC | Lingner J.,Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research ISREC
Nucleus (United States) | Year: 2013

Telomeric DNA at eukaryotic chromosome ends terminates with single stranded 3' G-rich overhangs. The overhang is generated by the interplay of several dynamic processes including semiconservative DNA replication, 3' end elongation by telomerase, C-strand fill-in synthesis and nucleolytic processing. The mammalian CST (CTC1-STN1-TEN1) complex is directly involved at several stages of telomere end formation. Elucidation of its structural organization and identification of interaction partners support the notion that mammalian CST is, as its yeast counterpart, a RPA-like complex. CST binding at mammalian telomere 3' overhangs increases upon their elongation by telomerase. Formation of a trimeric CST complex at telomeric 3' overhangs leads to telomerase inhibition and at the same time mediates a physical interaction with DNA polymerase-α. Thus CST seems to play critical roles in coordinating telomerase elongation and fill-in synthesis to complete telomere replication. © 2013 Landes Bioscience. Source

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