Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2013.1-3. | Award Amount: 45.04M | Year: 2013
The ENOVAL project will provide the next step of engine technologies to achieve and surpass the ACARE 2020 goals on the way towards Flightpath 2050. ENOVAL completes the European 7th Framework Programme (FP7) roadmap of Level 2 aero engine projects. ENOVAL will focus on the low pressure system of ultra-high by-pass ratio propulsion systems (12 < BPR < 20) in conjunction with ultra high overall pressure ratio (50 < OPR < 70) to provide significant reductions in CO2 emissions in terms of fuel burn (-3% to -5%) and engine noise (-1.3 ENPdB). ENOVAL will focus on ducted geared and non-geared turbofan engines, which are amongst the best candidates for the next generation of short/medium range and long range commercial aircraft applications with an entry into service date of 2025 onward. The expected fan diameter increase of 20 to 35% (vs. year 2000 reference engine) is significant and can be accommodated within the limits of a conventional aircraft configuration. It is in line with the roadmap of the Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda for 2020 to have the technologies ready for Optimised conventional aircraft and engines using best fuel efficiency and noise control technologies, where UHBR propulsion systems are expressively named as a key technology. ENOVAL will be established in a consistent series of Level 2 projects in conjunction with LEMCOTEC for core engine technologies, E-BREAK for system technologies for enabling ultra high OPR engines, and OPENAIR for noise reduction technologies. Finally, ENOVAL will prepare the way towards maturing the technology and preparing industrialisation in coordination with past and existing aero-engine initiatives in Europe at FP7 and national levels.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP.2013.1.1-2 | Award Amount: 4.72M | Year: 2013
Cellulose, the primary structural component of plants, is the most ubiquitous and abundant organic compound on the planet. When cellulose fibrils are processed under carefully controlled conditions, it is possible to release highly crystalline nano-particles known as nano crystalline cellulose (NCC). Recently, NCC-FOAM partners have developed a unique technique for self-assembling NCC into highly ordered puff-pastry-like layered cellular structures, i.e. foams. This self-assembly process is controllable, and the final cell structure can be modified to produce open or closed cell geometries depending on the requirements of the end application. Furthermore, the constituent NCC nanofibres are sustainably sourced from paper mill or forestry waste. The controlled patterning of the nano-structure during the self-assembly process facilitates the infusion of resins for stiffening / strengthening and the production of foams with customised internal structures and directional strength. The inherent strength of the NCC skeleton means that only minimal quantities of reinforcing resin are needed, resulting in lightweight and cost-effective foams. Within NCC-FOAM, the overall objective is to develop an NCC foam/resin composite that enables the design, development and processing of sustainable structural foam materials. The use of infused resins has yet to be developed, the challenge being to produce foams that are simultaneously structural, durable and renewably-sourced. If successful, this would represent a true breakthrough for rigid foam technology. Furthermore, NCC-FOAM aims to bring the production techniques closer to industrialisation by developing the methods and equipment to produce foams with meaningful practical dimensions (at least 1 m x 0.5 m x 20 mm). Such samples will allow the feasibility of future industrialisation to be assessed, as well as permitting a full characterisation of the materials.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: NMP-22-2015 | Award Amount: 9.40M | Year: 2016
Current technological demands are increasingly stretching the properties of advanced materials to expand their applications to more severe or extreme conditions, whilst simultaneously seeking cost-effective production processes and final products. The aim of this project is to demonstrate the influence of different surface enhancing and modification techniques on CF-based materials for high value and high performance applications. These materials are a route to further exploiting advanced materials, using enabling technologies for additional functionalities, without compromising structural integrity. Carbon fibre (CF) based materials have particular advantages due to their lightweight, good mechanical, electrical and thermal properties. Current generation CFs have extensively been used in a multitude of applications, taking advantage of their valuable properties to provide solutions in complex problems of materials science and technology, however the limits of the current capability has now being reached. MODCOMP aims to develop novel fibre-based materials for technical, high value, high performance products for non-clothing applications at realistic cost, with improved safety and functionality. Demonstrators will be designed to fulfil scalability towards industrial needs . End users from a wide range of industrial sectors (transport, construction, leisure and electronics) will adapt the knowledge gained from the project and test the innovative high added value demonstrators. An in-depth and broad analysis of material development, coupled with related modelling studies, recycling and safety will be conducted in parallel for two types of materials (concepts): CF-based structures with increased functionality (enhanced mechanical, electrical, thermal properties). CNF-based structures for flexible electronics applications. Dedicated multiscale modelling, standardisation and production of reference materials are also considered
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: NMP-01-2014 | Award Amount: 7.68M | Year: 2015
NANOLEAP project aims at the development of a coordinated network of specialized pilot lines for the production of nanocomposite based products for different civil infrastructure and building applications. The goal of this infrastructure is to support the research activities of European SMEs in the Construction sector in nanocomposite products enabling the progress of the product to next steps of technology deployment such as installation of industrial pilot lines and enter in the commercialization stage. For the creation of the NANOLEAP project pilot line network, the most promising applications of polymeric nanocomposites in the construction and engineering sector have been selected. This project will support the pilot lines for the scaling up and production of these nanocomposite based products in order to facilitate their further adoption by the entire construction chain: Antiweathering and anticorrosion nanocomposite coatings for the protection of structures exposed to aggressive environments such as wind turbines, offshore, marine infrastructure. Multifunctional polymeric nanocomposites providing smart applications to traditional construction materials such as concrete and coatings including self-cleaning, hydrophobicity, optical properties, early warning crack and water leak alarm. Prefab non-structural elements such as aerogels mechanically reinforced with nanoparticles for high-thermal insulation applications in building insulation. . Coated nanoparticles with improved compatibility with the matrix providing a wide range of functionalities and leading to high quality products and important saves of energy. In order to implement and demonstrate this approach, NANOLEAP project brings together a European Network of pilot production facilities focused on scaling up nanocomposite synthesis and processing methods.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: BBI-RIA | Phase: BBI.VC2.R4 | Award Amount: 2.60M | Year: 2015
The overall objectives are to demonstrate a new biobased, renewable and economically viable carbon fibre (CF) precursor lignin produced in Europe with European raw material and to develop conditions for its processing into CF and structural CF composites. The target is a cost-effective biobased CF for use in reinforced composites delivering sufficient enough strength properties for large-volume automotive applications. Reducing vehicle weight is a decisive factor for successful fulfilment of the future targets in EU regulations regarding CO2 emissions from the automotive sector. CF reinforced plastics has been introduced as a low-weight material replacing/complementing steel and aluminium. Todays CF production is based on use of a petroleum-based raw material, PAN, which is costly due to the starting precursor and the process for turning it into CF. Most PAN used in Europe is imported. The automotive sector has identified a need for a cheaper lower-grade CF to meet the demands of components in normal consumer cars. Lignin from kraft pulp mills is a green, sustainable, abundant and cost-efficient new potential CF precursor. The European pulp and paper industry has a need for additional revenues due to the global competition and the decline in printing and writing paper. Successful lignin applications like CF will create new business opportunities and new jobs also in rural areas where the pulp mills are located. The development of lignin-based CF is still in laboratory scale and material properties meeting high-quality product demands is the main challenge. Now a new technology in commercial operation makes it possible to produce lignin with new properties, higher purity and with less impact on the pulp mill operation. The idea is to tailor kraft lignin properties already in the lignin separation/upgrading and optimise the lignin for target automotive applications. The consortium has unique competence through the complete value chain to realise this new concept.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.93M | Year: 2016
The European aerospace, automotive, and rail industries are committed to improving their energy efficiency to meet targets set within the EUs climate, energy and transport policies. This is motivating the increased use of lightweight composite materials in lieu of heavier metallics. To implement this transition, these industries must reach, at least, the same level of crash performance achieved with metals, but at significantly lower weight and without increasing cost. This is viewed by industry as an exceptionally challenging goal and will require highly trained engineers, versed in the myriad aspects of designing cost-effective, crashworthy composites structures, and capable of harnessing the latest research developments in the fast-changing world of composites. The ICONIC ETN aims to cultivate such a new generation of young engineers; comfortable and fluent in the integration and exploitation of knowledge from fields as diverse as materials science, chemistry, computational methods, solid and damage mechanics, textile technology, structural design and optimisation. These researchers will acquire the skills to enable the sustainable and economically-viable design of a new generation of highly efficient, lightweight transportation composite structures that will provide the maximum protection to occupants through superior crashworthiness. 15 Early Stage Researchers (ESRs) will be recruited to take up posts, across the UK, Ireland, Greece, Germany, Italy and Sweden, in an innovative, multidisciplinary and intersectoral structured research and training programme. ICONIC is supported by a strong consortium from academia, large industrial enterprises and innovative SMEs. A comprehensive training and secondment programme (including joint supervision and industrial mentoring) will equip researchers with additional transferable skills to ensure future employability and career progression.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CS2-RIA | Phase: JTI-CS2-2014-CFP01-AIR-02-05 | Award Amount: 588.75K | Year: 2016
NEWCORT will develop and validate novel processes and equipment for the repair of composite airframes. Three key stages in the bonded composite repair procedure were identified, namely material removal & surface preparation, heating for polymerization of patch and positive pressure application for improved compaction of patch layers. In all three stages novel processes will be developed, either through integration of innovations already existing within the proposing consortium or through research focused in targeted areas. For material removal, developments include process optimization to enable close tolerance applications for curved thick composite structures, potentially combined with scarfed pre-cured patches, potential simplification of stepping requirements and adaptation of material removal equipment to most frequent geometries (e.g. fuselage curvature). Novel heating processes and equipment will focus on the polymerization of new types of resins (e.g. M20 at 140oC), possibly including thermoplastic materials, through application of new power supply control logic, dielectric sensors for curing and viscosity monitoring, heating flux sensors for improved curing control, heating mats with embedded thermocouples and dielectric sensors, simulation software for selection of blankets and thermocouples installation topology, as well as development of Quick Composite Repair (QCR) kits for most frequent aircraft repair cases. Finally, the development of positive pressure application equipment for flat / curved structures will be studied, together with optimized pressure measurement devices and control software, mountable to most frequent repair cases (e.g. composite fuselage curvature). The application of such novel processes in real-life aeronautical environment will be guaranteed, through the simultaneous development of all the associated application equipment, resulting in TRL-7 solutions, ready to undergo a full validation campaign during the last project steps.
Swerea Sicomp Ab | Date: 2015-03-02
There is provided a battery and battery half cell comprising at least one carbon fiber as negative electrode, said carbon fiber comprising a plurality of layers with carbon atoms having graphite structure, and ability of intercalating metal ions, said carbon fiber having a strength of at least 1 GPa and a stiffness of at least 100 GPa in the longitudinal direction of said carbon fiber, said carbon fiber at least partially coated with at least one electrically insulating polymer layer acting as an electrolyte, wherein said insulating polymer layer is permeable for metal ions, and has a stiffness of at least 0.5 MPa, an ionic conductivity of at least 10^(10 )S/m and an electrical resistivity of at least 10^(10 )m, said insulating layer a thickness in the interval 10-200 nm. Advantages include possibility to utilize thin layers of electrolytes without creating large ohmic losses, structural batteries can comprise carbon fibers.
Swerea Sicomp Ab | Date: 2015-03-02
There is provided a battery and battery half cell comprising at least one carbon fiber as negative electrode, said carbon fiber comprising a plurality of layers with carbon atoms having graphite structure, said plurality of layers having an ability of intercalating metal ions, said carbon fiber at least partially coated with at least one electrically insulating polymer layer acting as an electrolyte, wherein said insulating polymer layer has been applied with an electro-driven polymerization reaction, wherein said insulating polymer layer is permeable for metal ions, said insulating polymer layer having a stiffness of at least 0.5 MPa, said insulating polymer layer having an ionic conductivity of at least 10^(10 )S/m and an electrical resistivity of at least 10^(10) m, said insulating layer has a thickness in the interval 10-200 nm. Advantages include possibility to utilize thin layers of electrolytes without creating large ohmic losses, structural batteries can comprise carbon fibers.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CS2-RIA | Phase: JTI-CS2-2015-CFP02-AIR-02-15 | Award Amount: 344.00K | Year: 2016
In the DADIYSO COMP project Swerea SICOMP covers the entire topic and will be the only partner. Swerea SICOMP will develop an FE-based simulation tool for rapid predictions of cure induced part distortions including sub models for cure kinetics, glass transition, and constitutive relations among other aspects. A balance between accuracy, complexity, and simulation time will be achieved which will enable the tool to be used for optimization purposes. Carbon-epoxy distortion calibration coupons and small demonstrator parts will be manufactured and measured to validate the simulation tool for rapid cure distortion predictions. The final simulation tool for cure distortions will be included in an optimisation framework to allow for shape and layup optimisation to account for cure induced part distortions. The optimization framework will evaluate which areas within the part have the most significant contribution to global distortion, and then adjust the tool/part shape and material layup in these areas to minimize the effects of distortion. Also an efficient part data (CAD \ ply-book) to CAE interfacing method will be developed to import a part design into the optimisation environment, as well as the reverse process. Emphasis will be on creating tools that are accurate and robust, while maintaining a level of complexity that would not be overwhelming for a non-expert engineer in either cure distortion or optimization. Finally the entire package will be demonstrated on one or more use cases together with the topic manager. The final result of DADIYSO COMP will help designers to predict and prevent distortion in a reliable manner as well as give ideas on how to improve the design for manufacturing