Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-25-2016 | Award Amount: 11.41M | Year: 2016
The FReSMe project, From Residual Steel gases to Methanol, will produce a methanol that will be demonstrated in ship transportation. This green fuel will be produced from CO2, recovered from an industrial Blast Furnace, and H2 recovered both from the blast furnace gas itself, as well as H2 produced by electrolysis. The two different sources of H2 will enable (i) maximum use of the current residual energy content of blast furnace gas, while at the same time (ii) demonstrating a forward technology path where low carbon or renewable H2 become more ubiquitous. The project will make use of the existing equipment from two pilot plants, one for the energy efficient separation of H2 and CO2 from blast furnace gas, and one for the production of methanol from a CO2-H2 syngas stream. This can be realised with a small amount of extra equipment, including supplemental H2 production from an electrolyser and a H2/N2 separation unit from commercially available equipment. Methanol is a high volume platform chemical of universal use in chemical industry as well as applicable for fuelling internal combustion engines. As such it provides a promising pathway for the large scale re-use of CO2 to decarbonize the transportation and chemical sectors in Europe and decrease the dependence on fossil fuel imports. Production of methanol from CO2 offers the unique combination of scale, efficiency and economic value necessary to achieve large scale carbon reduction targets. The pilot plant will run for a total of three months divided over three different runs with a nominal production rate of up to 50 kg/hr from an input of 800 m3/hr blast furnace gas. This size is commensurate with operation at TRL6, where all the essential steps in the process must be joined together in an industrial environment. The project will address the new integration options that this technology has within the Iron and Steel industry and contains supplementary and supporting research of underlying phenomena.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: WASTE-4d-2015 | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2015
Refractory metals (tungsten, tantalum, rhenium, molybdenum and niobium) are highly strategic metals today mainly imported from a few countries. The European primary production remains below a few percentage. However, resources exist in Europe, as primary resources but mainly as secondary resources (industrial waste, urban mines). Valorizing these resources requires coordination and networking between researchers, entrepreneurs and public authorities to harmonise technologies, processes and services, develop standards, create new potential for export of eco-innovative solutions and for seizing new markets MSP-REFRAM will address these challenges by creating of a common multi-stakeholder platform that will draw the current refractory metals value chains and identify its innovation potential in order to support the implementation of the EIP on Raw Materials. Coming from industry, research, public sectors and civil society, both Consortium Members and External Experts have joined forces with expertise covering the whole value chain including mining, processing, recycling, application. The outputs of MSP-REFRAM will help Europe improve the supply value chain of refractory metals in the coming years, optimising the use of external resources as energy and water and at the same time reducing the amount and the toxicity of waste. MSP-REFRAM will share its conclusions widely and efficiently, in a long lasting way thanks to the support of the PROMETIA association. To ensure the systemic change, the outcomes of the project will be made available to the stakeholders and to the public through different tools and reports. In the medium term, MSP-REFRAM will contribute to better-informed decision-making at EU and national level as well as industry by proposing innovative value chains that will boost the refractory metals sector. In the longer term, this should improve the availability of these refractory metals, while creating greater added value to the economy and more jobs.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SPIRE-01-2014 | Award Amount: 6.00M | Year: 2015
The DISIRE project has been inspired by the real existing needs of multiple industrial sectors, including the world leading industrial partners in the non-ferrous, ferrous, chemical and steel industries that are highly connected and already affiliated with the SPIRE PPP and its objectives. The overall clear and measurable objective of the DISIRE project is to evolve the existing industrial processes by advancing the Sustainable Process Industry through an overall Resource and Energy efficiency by the technological breakthroughs and concepts of the DISIRE technological platform in the field of Industrial Process Control (IPC). With the DISIRE project the properties of the raw materials or product flows will be dramatically integrated by their transformation in a unique inline measuring system that will extend the level of knowledge and awareness of the internal dynamics of the undergoing processes taking place during transformation or integration of raw materials in the next levels of production. In this approach, the Integrated Process Control system, instead of having external experts to tune the overall processes, based on the DISIRE concept will enable the self reconfiguration of all the production lines by the produced products itself. Specific DISIRE Process Analyzer Technology (PAT) will be able to define quality and performance requirements, that for the first time in the process industry will be able to be directly applied on the physical properties of the developed products and thus enabling the overall online and product specific reconfiguration of the control system. In this way, the whole production can be fully integrated in a holistic approach from the raw materials to the end product, allowing the multiple process reconfigurations and an optimal operation based on the products properties that can be generalized in a whole product production cycle being spanned in multiple cross-sectorial processes.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH-2007-2.1-04 | Award Amount: 1.80M | Year: 2008
Most business-as-usual scenarios built up till now have shown that hydrocarbon resources scarcity and the growing release of greenhouse gases will bring the world far away from sustainability over the next decades. Then, deep changes in behaviours away from BAU are unavoidable long before the turn of the century in a move towards a post-carbon society. Urbanisation and mobility are probably the domains where these changes might be the most important and they will be necessarily driven and limited by socio-economic and cultural forces that will dominate the century. They will induce further deep changes in behaviours of consumers and producers and are likely to deeply impact the use and production of bulk materials, large energy consumers and GHG emitters. To address these challenges, key milestones were defined by the EU : - A 20% reduction (minimum) of CO2 emissions by 2020 (compared to 1990) in Europe - A reduction of the GHG emissions by 2050 and after, so as to limit the increase of the temperature due to climatic change within 2C. In this framework, the PACT project objective is to provide strategic decision-support information to decision makers to achieve these milestones. It will focus on 3 themes : - What shape the energy demand, and how this should evolve towards post-carbon concept, from the infrastructures viewpoint, in relation to urbanisation and land-use schemes, and that of the life-styles and behaviours, in relation to the available technologies. - The question of urbanisation and land-use from the renewable energy perspective, including that of the systems. - The role of social forces, actors, stakeholders in the transition process. PACT will address these issues in two phases: first, by developing the necessary analytical and conceptual framework, second in attempting to quantify scenarios of post-carbon societies at EU and world level by 2050 and beyond, using enhanced versions of the VLEEM and POLES models.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-15-2014 | Award Amount: 12.99M | Year: 2015
STEPWISE is a solid sorption technology for CO2 capture from fuel gases in combination with water-gas shift and acid gas removal. The main objectives of the proposed STEPWISE project is to scale up the technology for the CO2 capture from Blast Furnace Gases (BFG) with three overall demonstration goals in comparison to state-of-the-art amine-based technologies: Higher carbon capture rate i.e. lower carbon intensity, 85% reduction Higher energy efficiency i.e. lower energy consumption for capture (SPECCA ), 60% reduction Better economy i.e. lower cost of CO2 avoided, 25% reduction The STEPWISE project will achieve this by the construction and the operation of a pilot test installation at a blast furnace site enabling the technology to reach TRL6 as the next step in the research, development and demonstration trajectory. Hence further reducing the risk of scaling up the technology. The STEPWISE project has the potential to decrease CO2 emissions worldwide by 2.1Gt/yr based on current emission levels. The conservative estimate is that by 2050, a potential cost saving of 750 times the research costs for this project will be realized each year every year, with a much larger potential. The overall objective is to secure jobs in the highly competitive European steel industry, a sector employing 360 thousand skilled people with an annual turnover of 170 billion.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: SC5-15-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 3.00M | Year: 2016
Since the publication of the first list of Critical Raw Materials (CRM) in 2010 by the Ad-hoc Working Group on CRM, numerous European projects have addressed (part of) the CRMs value and several initiatives have contributed to gather (part of) the related community into clusters and associations. This led to the production of important knowledge, unfortunately disseminated. Numerous databases have also been developed, sometimes as duplicates. For the first time in the history, SCRREEN aims at gathering European initiatives, associations, clusters, and projects working on CRMs into along lasting Expert Network on Critical Raw Materials, including the stakeholders, public authorities and civil society representatives. SCRREEN will contribute to improve the CRM strategy in Europe by (i) mapping primary and secondary resources as well as substitutes of CRMs, (ii) estimating the expected demand of various CRMs in the future and identifying major trends, (iii) providing policy and technology recommendations for actions improving the production and the potential substitution of CRM, (iv) addressing specifically WEEE and other EOL products issues related to their mapping and treatment standardization and (vi) identifying the knowledge gained over the last years and easing the access to these data beyond the project. The project consortium also acknowledges the challenges posed by the disruptions required to devlop new CRM strategies, which is why stakeholder dialogue is at the core of SCRREEN: policy, society, R&D and industrial decision-makers are involved to facilitate strategic knowledge-based decisions making to be carried out by these groups. A specific attention will also be brought on informing the general public on our strong dependence on imported raw materials, on the need to replace rare materials with substitutes and on the need to set up innovative and clean actions for exploration, extraction, processing and recycling.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: NMP.2012.4.1-4 | Award Amount: 3.88M | Year: 2012
The overall aim of the project is to create an integrated community that will drive innovation in the field of critical raw material substitution for the benefit of EU industry. The project will: Deliver a mapping of on-going initiatives in the field of substitution of CRM at the EU level and Member States that will allow for the identification of key champions and synergies. The mapping will also consider other initiatives of international character. Develop a methodology to establish clear criteria for the prioritisation of applications which are at threat and the technological and non-technological needs regarding the substitution of CRM. Propose a roadmap for the substitution of CRM in coordination and cooperation with all stakeholders across the CRM substitution value chain while paying close attention to the specificities of critical industrial sectors as well as possible synergies. Create one or more Pole(s) of Excellence in the field of substitution of CRM that will ensure the relevance and usefulness of the project results and constitute a dynamic, open and proactive platform for the entire stakeholder community aiming to support and enhance the competitiveness of the EU industry and economy. CRM-Innonet will carry out a feasibility study considering the potential models and routes for this Pole(s) to endure after the project termination and decide upon concrete future actions in this respect. Prepare a document containing recommendations, future initiative ideas and suggested actions for policy makers with the widest possible endorsement and consensus of all stakeholders involved. The CRM-InnoNet consortium is comprised of recognised and experienced key actors across the value chain of substitution of CRM representing academia, research establishments and industry bodies of relevant sectors that will ensure a wide European coverage and high potential to reach and engage other necessary players across the European Research Area.
Kajberg J.,Swerea MEFOS AB |
Sundin K.-G.,Lulea University of Technology
Journal of Materials Processing Technology | Year: 2013
In order to characterise the mechanical response of materials in manufacturing processes, such as wire and bar rolling involving very high strain rates, temperatures and level of straining, an experimental device is presented. The device is suitable for testing at strain rates up to approximately 4000 s-1, temperatures up to 1200 °C (≈1500 K) and strains around 0.5. It is based on the classical Split Hopkinson pressure bar and is complemented with an inductive heating source for achieving requested temperatures. By keeping the specimen separated from the Hopkinson bars just until an instant before impact (50 ms) considerable cooling and temperature gradients in the specimen are avoided. Three steel grades, two stainless steels and a high-speed steel, were tested. Four different material models whose parameters were fitted to the obtained experimental data were used for mechanical characterisation: two empirically based and two physically based. Overall, one of the physically based models showed the best agreement between experimental results and the predicted flow stresses. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CS | Phase: JTI-CS-2011-1-SAGE-03-011 | Award Amount: 498.00K | Year: 2011
Hot stamping allows producing complex geometries from high performing materials. The use of this technique is increasing among automotive manufacturers because of the possibility to reduce weight without compromising with performance. The aim of this study is to tailor the press hardening technique to fit the materials and demands of the turbofan engine, hoping to reduce weight, waste, machining and cost. Aerospace steel grades has not previously been used in press hardening. The possibilities and limitations of these new materials will be thoroughly examined as well as the benefits using this manufacturing technique compared to conventional methods. A selection of aero space grade steels will be characterized to find the material best suited for press hardening. For this material a thermo-viscoplastic material model will be created. Using this model geometries from the turbofan engine, suited for press hardening, will be optimized and the feasibility of forming these details investigated. The first of the geometries is a sheet metal disc. In this proposal it is suggested to also investigate one of the flow surfaces and a guide vane. To validate the simulation process and the prediction of detail quality from the forming analysis physical parts of the disc and the guide vane will be produced. For the disc and the guide vane benefits using near-net-shape blanks will be investigated. A method to achieve non uniform blanks is rolling. Flat rolling is majorly done to produce a large amount of standard strip/plate. Flat rolling into a shape is not widely used but it has a large potential to save material and machining by rolling a Near-net-shape product. The guide vane will be manufactured using this technique. Also a technical study of serial production will be performed to compare the new production process to conventional design and manufacturing methods with regards to detail quality, weight, cost, material properties and manufacturing robustness.
Swerea Mefos Ab | Date: 2013-12-27
A flowing pressurised gas is heated by being conveyed through a gap (18) between two concentric tubes (16, 17) in a pressure vessel (11, 12, 13). The inner tube (17) is heated by radiant heat from inside and the tube is kept open towards the flow path of the gas in the pressure vessel so that pressure equalisation is obtained between the inside and outside of the inner tube without the tube being part of the flow path of the gas.