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Uppsala, Sweden

The Swedish University of Agricultural science is a university in Sweden. Although its head office is located in Ultuna, Uppsala, the university has several campuses in different parts of Sweden, the other main facilities being Alnarp in Lomma Municipality, Skara, and Umeå. Unlike other state owned universities in Sweden, it is funded through the budget for the Ministry for Rural Affairs.The university has four faculties: Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural science, Faculty of Natural Resources and Agriculture science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science and Faculty of Forest science. SLU had in 2012 3080 full-time staff, 3935 full-time students, 714 research students and 241 professors.In the 2007 Academic Ranking of World Universities, SLU was ranked in 5-9 place in Sweden, 81-123 in Europe and 203-304 in the world. Wikipedia.

Trona F.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society | Year: 2013

Understanding the processing of odour mixtures is a focus in olfaction research. Through a neuroethological approach, we demonstrate that different odour types, sex and habitat cues are coded together in an insect herbivore. Stronger flight attraction of codling moth males, Cydia pomonella, to blends of female sex pheromone and plant odour, compared with single compounds, was corroborated by functional imaging of the olfactory centres in the insect brain, the antennal lobes (ALs). The macroglomerular complex (MGC) in the AL, which is dedicated to pheromone perception, showed an enhanced response to blends of pheromone and plant signals, whereas the response in glomeruli surrounding the MGC was suppressed. Intracellular recordings from AL projection neurons that transmit odour information to higher brain centres, confirmed this synergistic interaction in the MGC. These findings underscore that, in nature, sex pheromone and plant odours are perceived as an ensemble. That mating and habitat cues are coded as blends in the MGC of the AL highlights the dual role of plant signals in habitat selection and in premating sexual communication. It suggests that the MGC is a common target for sexual and natural selection in moths, facilitating ecological speciation.

Morrison D.A.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Molecular Biology and Evolution | Year: 2010

Exploratory data analysis (EDA) is a frequently undervalued part of data analysis in biology. It involves evaluating the characteristics of the data "before" proceeding to the definitive analysis in relation to the scientific question at hand. For phylogenetic analyses, a useful tool for EDA is a data-display network. This type of network is designed to display any character (or tree) conflict in a data set, without prior assumptions about the causes of those conflicts. The conflicts might be caused by 1) methodological issues in data collection or analysis, 2) homoplasy, or 3) horizontal gene flow of some sort. Here, I explore 13 published data sets using splits networks, as examples of using data-display networks for EDA. In each case, I performed an original EDA on the data provided, to highlight the aspects of the resulting network that will be important for an interpretation of the phylogeny. In each case, there is at least one important point (possibly missed by the original authors) that might affect the phylogenetic analysis. I conclude that EDA should play a greater role in phylogenetic analyses than it has done. © 2010 The Author. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution. All rights reserved.

Egnell G.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Forest Ecology and Management | Year: 2011

The growing demand for renewable energy sources in Sweden has resulted in an increased use of forest biomass that now includes logging residues. However, concern has been raised that the moderate increase in biomass removal associated with whole-tree harvesting results in a significant increase in nutrient removal, which in turn has a negative effect on future forest growth. Productivity over 31 years in planted Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst) in northern Sweden following three different harvest intensities is reported from a field experiment with exceptionally large growth reductions following whole-tree harvest. The three harvest intensities were applied in a randomized block design with four blocks: (i) conventional stem-wood harvest up to a top diameter of 5cm (CH); (ii) whole-tree harvest of all above-stump biomass (WTH); (iii) branch and stem harvest with needles left on site (BSH). Recovery rate of biomass was almost 100% and the logging residues left were evenly spread over the 25- by 25-m experimental plots. Stand growth was negatively affected by WTH: basal area after 31 years was significantly lower following WTH (10.5m2ha-1) as compared to CH (14.0m2ha-1, p=0.005) and BSH (14.2m2ha-1 p=0.003). Annual height growth of a sub-sample of trees (10 undamaged trees per plot, or 40 per treatment) was used to estimate and compare long-term effects on site productivity. This showed that stand growth loss resulted from a significant but temporary reduction in site productivity on WTH plots over a 5-year period (years 8-12, 1984-1988). Nitrogen is the major growth-limiting nutrient in boreal Swedish forests, and the N-content of needles during that period suggests that the temporal reduction in site productivity (i.e., stand growth) was primarily due to increased nitrogen loss with WTH. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Arora-Jonsson S.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Global Environmental Change | Year: 2011

In the limited literature on gender and climate change, two themes predominate - women as vulnerable or virtuous in relation to the environment. Two viewpoints become obvious: women in the South will be affected more by climate change than men in those countries and that men in the North pollute more than women. The debates are structured in specific ways in the North and the South and the discussion in the article focuses largely on examples from Sweden and India. The article traces the lineage of the arguments to the women, environment and development discussions, examining how they recur in new forms in climate debates. Questioning assumptions about women's vulnerability and virtuousness, it highlights how a focus on women's vulnerability or virtuousness can deflect attention from inequalities in decision-making. By reiterating statements about poor women in the South and the pro-environmental women of the North, these assumptions reinforce North-South biases. Generalizations about women's vulnerability and virtuousness can lead to an increase in women's responsibility without corresponding rewards. There is need to contextualise debates on climate change to enable action and to respond effectively to its adverse effects in particular places. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Lundin O.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society | Year: 2013

Pollination is a key ecosystem service which most often has been studied in isolation although effects of pollination on seed set might depend on, and interact with, other services important for crop production. We tested three competing hypotheses on how insect pollination and pest control might jointly affect seed set: independent, compensatory or synergistic effects. For this, we performed a cage experiment with two levels of insect pollination and simulated pest control in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) grown for seed. There was a synergistic interaction between the two services: the gain in seed set obtained when simultaneously increasing pollination and pest control outweighed the sum of seed set gains obtained when increasing each service separately. This study shows that interactions can alter the benefits obtained from service-providing organisms, and this needs to be considered to properly manage multiple ecosystem services.

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