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Eskilstuna, Sweden

Prentice J.,Swedish Energy Agency
Environmental and Planning Law Journal | Year: 2014

With a surplus of over two billion emissions allowances on the market, the carbon price under the European Union’s Emissions Trading Scheme has plummeted since 2008. Important changes to reduce free allocation of emissions allowances were implemented in 2013. However, further structural reforms are necessary to correct the imbalance between supply and demand for emissions allowances. In January 2014, the European Commission proposed two structural reforms – sharpening the annual linear reduction factor and introducing a market stability reserve. This article analyses the potential effectiveness of these reform proposals, which will be essential for ensuring that the European Union meets its overall 40% emissions reduction target by 2030 in a cost-effective manner. © 2015, (publisher). All rights reserved. Source

News Article
Site: http://phys.org/technology-news/

- "We have made a breakthrough developing the new process and managed to get 1 + 1 to be equal to 3. Black liquor makes it possible to gasify pyrolysis oil at a lower temperature, which provides better yield than if the raw materials were gasified separately," said Erik Furusjö, project manager at Luleå University of Technology and head of the project "Catalytic gasification". By converting forest residues into a liquid, called bio-oil or pyrolysis oil, energy density is increased and transportation facilitated. The conversion of the pyrolysis oil to a renewable transportation fuel is made through a process called gasification. It is performed in combination with black liquor that is a by-product from pulp and paper production and available in large volumes in Sweden and elsewhere. The project "Catalytic gasification" is financed by the Swedish Energy Agency and an industry consortium. In late October the first truck load of pyrolysis oil came to the LTU Green Fuels plant in Piteå. It has now been successfully converted to a renewable fuel. If one truck load of pyrolysis oil is mixed with black liquor and converted into fuel, the total volume is sufficient to drive a car ten laps around the earth. LTU Green Fuels is one of the world's most advanced pilot plants for gasification of various types of biomass into synthesis gas and green fuels. The focus is to replace fossil oil with green fuels. Operations are running around the clock. Through previous research, black liquor has been gasified more than 26,000 hours in the LTU Green Fuels pilot plant in Piteå. The objective of the current program is 1,000 hours of co-gasification of pyrolysis oil and black liquor, which makes a total of about 125 tons of the biofuel dimethyl ether (DME), popularly known as green diesel. This demonstration provides sufficient technical basis to build a large commercial plant using the new technology. When the initial results of the project "Catalytic gasification" was presented at a conference in Chicago (tcbiomass 2015) in early November, there was great interest. A transformation to the new technology, based on feedstocks from Swedish forests can strongly contribute to reducing negative environmental impact. This means that Sweden could achieve the vision of a fossil-independent transport sector in 2030. More than a third of today's Swedish fuel usage could be replaced with the new technology. Explore further: Researchers double down on heat to break up cellulose, produce fuels and power

STOCKHOLM, Sweden--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Climeon is rated as one of the top 33 innovative technology companies in Sweden in the annual listing by prestigious business and technology publications, Affärsvärlden and Ny Teknik. The Climeon Ocean™ system, a patented innovation, enables electricity to be extracted from hot water. The technology provides competitive, cost-effective electricity production via waste heat recovery. One Climeon Ocean module can generate 150 KW – enough to heat more than 100 average homes.* “About half the world's energy ends up as waste heat,” says Thomas Öström, CEO of Climeon. “We believe that by using this technology, electricity can be extracted from large volumes of such heat. Today, renewable energy is about 20% of the total global energy supply. The renewable energy market is estimated to be worth hundreds of billion dollars.” The Climeon Ocean technology is scalable and can be implemented in business areas and industries such as heat from engines, heavy industries, and solar, water or geothermal heat. The innovation can replace many TWh of fossil-based electricity. Climeon Ocean uses an optimized and patented process for converting hot water (between 70 and 120 oC) to electricity in a vacuum process. Climeon Ocean is an investment with a relatively short payback period. The system enables companies to save operating cost and to reduce their environmental impact. Viking Line operates a fleet of cruise ferries in the Baltic Sea. Viking Grace, Viking Line's newest ship, is the first ship in the world to use the Climeon Ocean system. Interest in marine applications is large. A system module of 150 kW will generate more than 1 million kWh of electricity annually – by extracting waste heat from the ship’s engines. Just one module saves up to 200 tons of fuel per year. Consequently, it reduces carbon dioxide emissions by up to 400 tons per year. About the 33 list For the eighth consecutive year, Affärsvärlden and Ny Teknik recognize 33 of Sweden’s most promising technology companies. List inclusion criteria are: (i) companies must be at most seven years old; (ii) they must be based on a technological innovation with international potential, and (iii) they must demonstrate that they want to change their industries’ playing rules (e.g., to create entirely new markets). * As per Swedish Energy Agency, the average house in Sweden annually consumes 12,200 kWh for heating. Climeon’s vision is to make the world a better place via brilliant innovations. Its mission is to challenge established truths – to make customers more successful. Thanks to its unrivalled Climeon Ocean system, Climeon delivers return on investment via a solution that cost-effectively converts waste heat to electricity. This information was brought to you by Cision http://news.cision.com

News Article | May 11, 2015
Site: www.businesswire.com

Public transport of the future is now in place in Swedish Gothenburg! A noiseless and emission-free electric bus operating on renewable electricity, and that stops at Sweden’s first indoor bus stop and allows passengers to charge their mobiles onboard. The Volvo Group and the ElectriCity project invite you to a press conference and a bus trip in connection with the launch of Electric Bus Route 55 in Gothenburg. The press conference will commence with the very first trip on the electric bus from Chalmers Johanneberg to Lindholmen in Gothenburg, where the new indoor bus stop is. After this, the parties involved in the ElectriCity collaboration will present the project and answer questions. A light lunch will be served. Location: Chalmersplatsen 4, followed by the bus trip to Lindholmen Science Park, Gothenburg, Sweden. Participating in the press conference: Håkan Karlsson, Executive Vice President Volvo Group, Anneli Hulthén, Chairman of the Municipal Executive Board, Birgitta Losman, Chairman of the Regional Development Committee, Karin Markides, President and CEO of Chalmers University of Technology. ElectriCity is a collaboration between research, industry and society in which new solutions for sustainable public transport of the future is developed, demonstrated and evaluated. Cooperation partners are the Volvo Group, Västra Götaland Region, Västtrafik, City of Gothenburg, Chalmers University of Technology, the Swedish Energy Agency, Johanneberg Science Park, Lindholmen Science Park, Business Region Gothenburg, Göteborg Energi, Älvstranden Utveckling, Akademiska Hus and Chalmers Fastigheter. The Volvo Group is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of trucks, buses, construction equipment and marine and industrial engines. The Volvo Group also provides complete solutions for financing and service. Volvo, which employs about 100,000 people, has production facilities in 19 countries and sells its products in more than 190 markets. The Volvo Group’s sales amounted to about SEK 283 billion in 2014, and its shares are listed on the Nasdaq Stockholm. For more information, visit www.volvokoncernen.se or www.volvogroup.mobi for those using a mobile phone. This information was brought to you by Cision http://news.cision.com

News Article | May 12, 2015
Site: www.bloomberg.com

Abu Dhabi, with 6 percent of global crude reserves, selected GS Energy Corp. of South Korea to join Japan’s Inpex Corp. as the second Asian partner in the Persian Gulf emirate’s biggest onshore oil concession. GS Energy secured a 3 percent stake for 40 years in the venture, it said in a statement. Another South Korean company, Korea National Oil Corp., said it will provide technical support to GS Energy in the project. State-owned Abu Dhabi National Oil Co confirmed the award Wednesday. Inpex won a 5 percent stake in the venture last month. Abu Dhabi is seeking new partners to replace some of the Western companies that pumped oil in the emirate for 75 years until their last production agreement expired in 2014. Adnoc picked Total SA of France for a 10 percent stake in the concession in January. By also selecting Inpex and now GS Energy, Abu Dhabi is for the first time opening its biggest onshore producing fields to investment from companies in Asia, the biggest market for the emirate’s crude. “Asian oil companies have been trying to increase security of supply by buying into production overseas,” Victor Shum, vice president at IHS Inc.’s Asian energy consulting business, said by phone from Singapore. “Middle East producers want to increase demand security, so this meets the needs of both.” Abu Dhabi, the largest emirate in the United Arab Emirates, has pumped crude oil from its onshore fields under agreements with Total, BP Plc, Exxon Mobil Corp., Royal Dutch Shell Plc and Portugal’s Partex Oil & Gas -- or their predecessors -- since January 1939. Adnoc joined the group in the 1970s, forming the partnership that extracted Murban crude, the U.A.E.’s main blend, until the concession agreement expired in January 2014. Total is so far the only legacy partner to have retained a share in the onshore areas. Exxon Chief Executive Rex Tillerson said in March that his company decided against bidding because the fields are “low margin.” Shell submitted a revised bid for a 10 percent stake, two people with knowledge of the matter said in February. BP has declined to comment on the bidding process. Some bids from international oil companies didn’t meet Adnoc’s conditions, the state producer said in an April 20 statement citing comments by Director General Abdulla Nasser Al Suwaidi. He didn’t identify any of the companies. GS Energy agreed to pay Adnoc a signing bonus of $670 million, according to a regulatory filing in Seoul. State-run Korea National Oil has the right to buy as much as 30 percent of GS Energy’s stake over the next five years, Joo Hyoung In, a KNOC spokesman based in Ulsan, South Korea, said Wednesday by phone. The Korean companies will gain access to about 50,000 barrels of crude a day, GS Energy said. Their contract will be dated from January 2014, according to Adnoc. “Bringing in Asian companies, who often have a somewhat lower cost base, puts pressure on the big Western majors and mid-size firms to provide maximum value and technology at the lowest possible cost,” said Samuel Ciszuk, a supply researcher at the Swedish Energy Agency. Abu Dhabi is raising production capacity amid a crude glut that contributed to a price collapse of almost 50 percent last year. The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, of which the U.A.E. is the third-largest producer, plans to meet June 5 to assess the market after leaving its output ceiling unchanged in November. Brent crude, a global benchmark, fell as much as 0.7 percent Thursday and was trading at $66.83 a barrel at 2:41 p.m. in London. Adnoc is spending about $22 billion to increase capacity for onshore oil and gas production and exports, Omar Suwaina Al Suwaidi, the company’s deputy director for strategy, said Nov. 11. Onshore crude-production capacity will reach 1.8 million barrels a day in 2017 compared with 1.6 million currently, Adnoc has said previously. Abu Dhabi plans to boost its total production capacity, onshore and offshore, to 3.5 million barrels a day in 2017 from about 3 million now.

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